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  ― 1 ―

PART ONE 9 MARCH 1787 – 10 MARCH 1788

MARCH 1787

March the 9 1787

March with the detachment from the Barracks to the dock Yard at ten in the morning and Embark on board the Friendship Transport with Captain Lieutenant Meredith and 2d. Lieut Faddy 2 Sergeants 3 Corporals 1 Drummer 36 Privates 9 Woman and Children —— never did a poor Criminal goe to meet the [unknown] with greater reluctance than I leave the best of Woman and Sweetest of Boys —— god out of his gracious goodness my leaving them may turn out to our advantage —— never did poor Mortal feel himselve So unhappy as I doe at this present moment —— I wish to god that I was Returning home again to the best of her Sex — Oh What goodness dose She my belovd Betsey posses She is come on board to Stay with her fond Clark Untill Mr. Faddy Returns on board to Relieve me

March the 12

Received on board Yesterday Male and Female Convicts with Children —— can never forgive the Unkindness of Capt M[eridith?] in refussing me leave to Sleep out of the Ships last night —— oh did he love as well as I doe he would never have Refused me

March the 13 at Sea

Oh Gracious God What a task have I gone throu last night in taking leave of the dearest and best of Wives and not Seing my Boy —— god grant them health and welfare is the most Sinceer wishes of ane affectioned husband and fond father —— oh when ever I am Restord to them again will never leave them —— Bless them Both




  ― 2 ―

Details of Convicts Aboard the “Friendship”

                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Time Recd. on board  Names  Age  Trades  Crimes  What Time Transpt.  Wher Tried  Year  County  Wher Born  County  M: if on board the Mercury  Remarks 
March  Wm. Eyres  24  Sadler  Stn. 6 Guineas  7 Yrs.  Winchester  1783  Staffordshire 
the 11  Thos. Yardsley  32  Gardener  Sheap Steag.  7 Yrs.  Shruesbury  1784  Shropshire 
1787  Curtis Bryn  23  None  2 Game Cocks  7 Yrs.  Midston  1784  Sussex 
1787  Wm. Haris  34  Buckle makr.  Horse Steag.  7 Yrs.  Winchester  1783  Dorchestire 
1787  Jos. Mawley  26  Silk dyer  High Way  7 Yrs.  Winchester  1783 
1787  Patk. Burn  26  Baker  High Way  7 Yrs.  Exeter  1783 
1787  Redmd. McGrath  28  None  House Breakg.  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex 
1787  Wm. Edwards  25  Brick makr.  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Bedfordshire 
1787  Jas. Grace  18  Shoe Makr.  1 Pr. of Stocking  7 Yrs.  London  1784  Middlesex 
1787  Dick McDeed  28  Shoe Maker  Steag. 6 Guineas  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex 
1787  Jno. Rouse  28  Bricklayer  Steag. Slops  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Norfolk 
1787  Andw. Ronold  32  None  Forgery  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex 
1787  Thos. Hill  28  Ls. Breechs. Makr.  Steag. a Watch  7 Yrs.  Dorchester  1783  Dorches  Shruesbury 
1787  Edwd. Flin  27  None  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  London  1784  Middlesex 
1787  Simon Burn  30  Stockg. Weaver  High Way  7 Yrs.  Exeter  1783  Devonshire 
1787  Wm. McNamara  21  Seaman  1 Pr. of k: Buckles  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex 
1787  Mickl. Bryan  20  None  Wearg. app.  14 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex 
1787  Jos. Bishop  23  Fisherman  a Handkerchief  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex 
1787  Jno. Penny  27  Jeweller  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  London  1784  Middlesex 
1787  Heny. Taylor  33  Stockg. Weaver  an Iron Bar  7 Yrs.  London  1784  Middlesex  Derbyshire 
1787  Thos. Stretch  33  Miller  Old Iron  7 Yrs.  Shruesbury  1783  Shropshire  Chester 
1787  Frans. Woodcock  48  None  Sheap Steag.  14 Yrs.  Exeter  1783  Devonshire 
1787  Jas. Murphy  44  Shoe Makr.  High Way  7 Yrs.  Exeter  1783  Devonshire 
1787  Jas. Thody  27  Plasterer  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  London  1782  Middlesex  Middlesex 
1787  Thos. Hughs  24  None  Horse Stealg.  7 Yrs.  Oxford  1782  Berkshire 
1787  Thos. Turner  30  None  High Way  7 Yrs.  Oxford  1782  Berkshire 
1787  Danl. Barnett  30  Waterman  Kings Stores  7 Yrs.  Winchester  1783  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Wm. Field  25  None  High Way  7 Yrs.  Winchester  1783  Hertfordshire 
March the 11 1787  Mark Wood  24  None  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Shropshire 
March the 11 1787  Richd. Davis  28  Printer  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Best  27  None  House Break  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Jas. Dodding  22  None  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  London  1784  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Load  22  None  3 Guineas  7 Yrs.  London  1784  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Robt. Sidaway  28  Watch case maker  Wearg. app  Life  London  1782  1782  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Henry. Lovall  23  Ivory Turn.  Forgery  Life  London  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Spence  23  None  2 lb of Tea  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Thos. Hudson  13  None  House Break.  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Thos. Oldfield  25  Woollen Drapr.  Buyg. Stog. Goods  7 Yrs.  Manchester  1786  Yorkshire 
March the 11 1787  Moses Tucker  35  Carpenter  Forgery  7 Yrs.  Plymouth  1786  Devon  Cornwall  Exchangd. to the Scarborough 27th. Octr. 1787 
March the 11 1787  Heny. Cable  20  None  House Break  7 Yrs.  Norwitch  1783  Norfolk  Suffolk 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Lambeth  24  BlackSmith  Steag. £1–19  7 Yrs.  Bristol  1785  Warwickshire 
March the 11 1787  Roger Twyfield  27  None  Steag. 5lb of Suett [?]  7 Yrs.  Shruesbury  1783  Shropshire  Shropshire 
March the 11 1787  Wm. Jones  21  Stockg. Weaver  Steag. £4–14  7 Yrs.  Shruesbury  1785  Shropshire  Shropshire 
March the 11 1787  Thos. Jones  23  Bricklayer  House Breakg.  14 Yrs.  Bristol  1784  Warwickshire 
March the 11 1787  Jerh. Learly  22  None  House Breakg.  14 Yrs.  Bristol  1784 
March the 11 1787  Stepn. Le Grove  29  Water Man  Steag. Deals  7 Yrs.  London  1784  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Wm. Fairly  17  None  Steag. 2lb of Sugar  7 Yrs.  Bristol  1785 
March the 11 1787  Jas. Neel  18  None  Steag. 2lb of Sugar  7 Yrs.  Bristol  1785  Glostershire 
March the 11 1787  Mattw. Mills  24  None  High Way  7 Yrs.  Oxford  1783  Berkshire 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Patrick  42  Miner  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  1785  Cornwall 
March the 11 1787  Ed. Parkins  57  Brick Makr.  1 Game Cock  7 Yrs.  1783  Devonshire 
March the 11 1787  Wm. Brice  16  None  Looking Glass  7 Yrs.  Bristol  1783  Glostershire 
March the 11 1787  Jos. Jameson  20  None  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  Midston  1784 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Barns  19  None  3 pr. of Stockg.  7 Yrs.  Bristol  1785 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Fendlow  21  None  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Patk. Delany  25  None  High Way  7 Yrs.  D:D: the 24 June 1787 at Sea Latte. 9:11 North 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Bailis  37  Silver Smith  1 oz of Silver  7 Yrs.  London  1784  Middlesex  Brmingd. [?] 
March the 11 1787  Thos. Pritchard  26  None  Wearg. app  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Jas. Mackay  25  Weaver  2 Waiscoats  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Coopr. Handy  33  Weaver  High Way  7 Yrs.  Salisbury  1783  Yorkshire 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Baughn  33  Cabt. Makr.  1 pr. of Blanks.  7 Yrs.  Oxford  1783  Warwickshire 
March the 11 1787  Wm. Haynes  32  Cabt. Maker  H: Way 1-6d.  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Middlesex 
March the 11 1787  Richd. Cartwright  44  Farmer  2 Baggs Malt  7 Yrs.  Shruesbury  1784  Shropshire  Staffordshire 
March the 11 1787  Richd. Jones  34  Miller  4 Bullock  7 Yrs.  Shruesbury  1784  Shropshire  Shruesbury  Shropshire 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Bennet  19  None  High Way  7 Yrs. 
March the 11 1787  Jas. Hussey  33  None  Horse Steag.  7 Yrs.  Oxford  1784  Oxfordshire  Oxfordshire 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Turner  44  Ship Wright  Midston  1784  Kent  Kent 
March the 11 1787  Chas. Granger  28  Ls. Breech Mr.  2 Sheets & Quilt  7 Yrs.  Plymouth  1786  Devonshire  Devonshire 
March the 11 1787  Jos. Owen  60  None  a Tea Kettle  14 Yrs.  Shruesbury  1785  Shropshire  Shropshire 
March the 11 1787  Geog. Clair  53  Shoe Makr.  1 piece Dimity  7 Yrs.  London  1783  Middlesex  Manchester 
March the 11 1787  Wm. Davis  57  Taylor  Sheap Steag.  7 Yrs.  Shruesbury  1784  Shropshire  Shropshire 
March the 11 1787  Jos. Elliott  20  Gardener  a pockt. Book  7 Yrs. 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Wisihamer  15  None  1 Bladder Snuff  7 Yrs.  Bristol  1785  Glostershire 
March the 11 1787  Jno. Ryan  20  Silk Weaver  Wearg. appl.  7 Yrs. 
March the 11 1787  Jos. Tenihile  21  None  7/- West of India peper  7 Yrs.  London  1784  Middlesex 
Apl. 10 1787  Ed. Pugh  22  House Carptr.  Wearg. Appl.  7 Yrs.  Gloster  1783  Glostershire  Shropshire 
March the 11 1787  Elizt. Barber  27  Book Stitcher  27sh. and Watch  7 Yrs.  London  Middlesex  Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87 
Ann Baizley  21  None  1.6d. Stolen  5 Yrs.  Sent on Bd. the Charlot the 11 of Augt. 1787 
Elizt. Dudgeon  23  None  9 Guineas Robry  7 Yrs.  London  Middlesex  Dito Octr. the 28/87 
Susanah Gought  24  None  9 Guineas Robry  7 Yrs.  London  Middlesex  Sent on Bd. the Charlott the 11 of Augt. 1787 
Hannah Green  31  None  Shop Lifting  7 Yrs.  London  Dito 
Susanah Holms  22  None  House breaking  7 Yrs.  Norwich  Norfolk  child: B:  Dito Octr. 28 1787 
Frances Hart  36  Mantua Maker  2 pr. of boots Stolen  7 Yrs.  London  Middlesex  Sent on Bd. the Charlot the 11 of Augt. 1787 
Rachel Harley  24  None  House breaking  7 Yrs.  London  Middlesex  Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87 
Marget Hall  22  None  £90 Stolen  7 Yrs.  London  Middlesex  Dito Octr. 28/87 
Elizt. Harvy  32  None  House breaking  14 Yrs.  Sent on Bd. the Charlot the 11 Augt. 1787 
Sarah McCormick  20  None  2 Guineas Stolen  7 Yrs.  Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87 
Mary McCormick  24  None  Buying a Silver Tank Stolen  7 Yrs.  Dito Octr. 28/87 
Isabella Oldfield  25  None  Shope Lifting  7 Yrs.  Dito Octr. 28/87 
Elizt. Pully  26  None  Shope Lifting  7 Yrs.  Dito Octr. 28/87 
Jane Parkenson  24  None  Wearing appl.  7 Yrs.  child: B:  Lady Penrhyn Octr. 28/87 
Elizt. Thackey  22  None  Shope Lifting  7 Yrs.  Charlott Octr. 28th/87 
Charlotte Ware  26  None  Shope Lifting  7 Yrs.  London  Middlesex  Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87 
Mary Watkings  19  None  Gown & Handks.  7 Yrs.  Sent on Bd. the Charlot the 11 Augt. 1787 
April the 10 1787  Elizt. Pugh  22  None  House Breaking  7 Yrs.  child: G:  Dito Octr. 28/87 
Elizt. Masonnote  22  None  15 Guineas Stolen  14 Yrs.  Prince of Wales Octr. 28/87 
March the 11 1787  Elizt. Clark  20  None  House Breaking  7 Yrs.  Dito Octr. 28/87 




  ― 10 ―

List of Femal Convicts Received from the Charlotte Transport

             
Time Received  Names  When Dischargd.  Where Too 
Augst. 11th/87  Hanah Smith  Octr. 28th/87  Lady Penrhyn 
Augst. 11th/87  Fanny Anderson  Octr. 28/87  Lady Penrhyn 
Augst. 11th/87  Margt. Stuart  Octr. 28th/87  Lady Penrhyn 
Augst. 11th/87  Mary Phillips  Octr. 28th/87  Prince of Wales 
Augst. 11th/87  Ann Coombs  Octr. 28th/87  Prince of Wales 
Augst. 11th/87  Elizh. Coole  Octr. 28th/87  Prince of Wales 




  ― 11 ―

MAY 1787

May the 13th. 1787

5 oClock in the Morning The Sirius made the Signal for the whole fleet to get under Way, O gracious god Send that we may put in to Plymout or Torbay in our Way down Channell that I may See my dear and fond affectioned Alicia and our Sweet Son before I leave them for this long long absents —— Oh almighty god hier my prayer and grant me this request —— Satt down and wrot a few lines to my Tender Betsey, and sent them by the pilot to put into the Post office, what makes me so happy this day is it because that I am in hoppes the fleet will put in to Plymt. —— Oh my fond heart lay still for you may be dispointed I trust in god I will not ——

Monday the 14

Oh my God all my hoppes are over of Seeing my beloved wife and Son —— Plymt. Sound in Sight —— Oh croul wind why will you not change and grant my fond heart the longing wish, the Pylades in sight also —— oh that I could Send this letter on board of her for my Beloved woman and bid her a long Adui now I must goe without knowing how my dear Boy is may his great God protect him and preserve for his fond father and Beloved mother, oh how hard is my fate of not being able to See [the]m and been so near them —— dear happy spot adieu wher all my treausure is on earth dear stocke adieu

the 15

abreast of Falmouth and a great number of fishing Boats in Sight —— I wish that on[e] of them would come in board of use that I might send a letter on shore by her to my Betsey but I find it is in Vain to Botany Bay I must goe —— I trust in god that it is all for the best if I thought other Wise I never should have thought of leaving the best of women and the most Sweetest of Boy's, will make my self as happy as my absents from them will admit —— I will take my Beloved Betsey advice in putting my whole trust in god, for I now find without him there is no happiness in this World —— I hope he will be my Guard and protector while absent from England and ever after




  ― 12 ―

16

The Fis[h]burn made our Signal to Speak use —— going every moment father from all that my soul holds dear —— I wish to god that I was once so near home to them again then I should be a happy man —— untill then I must make my self as happy as I can —— Several Ships standing to the E:W: —— the Seamen refused to doe there duty on Account of there Provisions —— the agent came on board by the Commd. orders to enquire in to the complaint which was that the[y] would have two pounds of Beef a day in the room of having 1½ poundnote which is at present a half a pound a day more than we are alloud —— the[y] all agreed to goe to work again Since the other Seamen in the rest of Transports have no more but if any Ship in the fleet gives ther Ships Company more they are to expect the same —— I never met with a parcle of more discontent fellows in my life the[y] only want more Provisions to give it to the damed whores the Convict Women of whome the[y] are very fond Since they brock throu the Bulk head and had connection with them —— I never could have thought that there wair So many abandond wreches in England, the[y] are ten thousand time worse than the men Convicts, and I am affraid that we will have a great dele more trouble with them —— the wind, S:E: our Course, WB:S: went by the Log 101 miles.

17

a great many Porposus a bout the Ship, which the Seamen Say is a Sure Sign that it will blow hard —— I dreamt of my beloved Betsey last night —— wind S:B:E Course NB:S: went by the Log 73 miles, have had no obs. these two days

18

Modrat and clear Wether, Saw two large Duch Ship a running to the ye. Eatsward, bore down to Leward to speak the Agent —— dreamt again of being with my dear Alicia, I hope in god that ther is nothing the matter with them. I trust in him that my dear Boy has got well over the Small Pox, what would his fond father, give to know —— wind NB:S Course NB:N: went by the Log 65 miles, Obs. to day Latt 48-56N

19

exceedingly Sea Sick, strong wind with drizling rain, with a large Swel runing from ye. S:W: the Commd. made the Signal, for the Ships to close —— wind S:S:W: and Variable Course NB:S½S: no obs. to day

20

exceedingly Sea Sick still, Strong wind and constant Rain, begine to think that Seing many Porposus, is a Sign of blowing hard, a great number of those fish a bout the Ship —— the Commd. made the Signal for the Ships to close —— Still a very large Swell from the S:W: —— the


  ― 13 ―
Commdore made the Signal to Wair Ships and haild use and gave orders to put the Convicts out of irons and order use to order the other Transports to doe the same, at the same time informing use to get our letters redy that the Hayena would part with the fleet for England tomorrow —— the Hayena made the Signal to Speak the Commd. haild the Alexander, Charlotte, Scarborough to put the Convicts out of Irons —— Sat down to writ a letter to my dear Beloved wife and most Sinceer friend on earth —— God out of his great goodness give her health and that of our dear Sweet Boy, if I had either his mother or him I would eat them up with love and kisses —— have been exceedingly Sick all day, not able to hold up my head —— Sent my letter by Capt Walton to my ever dear belove and Tender Alicia for him to put on board the Hayena —— Capt Walton went on board the Commd. respecting putting all the Convicts out of Irons, as Capt Merideth and Self don't think is Save for so great a number to be out of irons at once. the Commd. inform the Capt of the Ship that Since there was so great a number of the Mercurys on board of use, to put them out when we think proper and on the Smales falt to put them in again —— the Hayena parted company with the fleet, thank god that my letter is on board of her, I think if I had waited untill to morrow, should have miss the oppotunity of sending it as a great number has done —— I wish I had been the Bearer of the dear letter to my Alicia, then I should be quite happy —— wind WB:S Course WB:S: went by the Log 65 miles Latt 47-51N:

21

Very Sea Sick this day —— thank God that the Hayena has got so good a wind, my beloved woman will have my letter Sooner than if the wind was against her —— wind S:E: and our Course W:N:W: Latte. obs. in to day 47-28N: went by the Log 48 Miles

22

much better than I was Yesterday —— the Commd. made the Signal for the fleet to Tack —— Light Breeses and hazey, wind Variable Course W:N:W: went by the Log 44 miles Latt: 46:59.N: ——

23

did nothing but dream all last night, but being with my most Sinceer Betsey and Son —— oh my god never did a man long So much after any thing than I doe to know how they Both are, what would I give for a letter from her dear hand but why doe I think of inpossabilitys because I love them tenderly with a Sincer hart, as ever man loved woman —— modrat Wether to day —— the Ship very healthy only a few Sea Sick —— Wind W:B:W: Course S:W:B:S: went by the Log 90 miles Latte. 45-40N




  ― 14 ―

24

a little Sea Sick to day, a strong wind and Squaly with a great Swell from the West —— a great number of fish a bout the Ship —— wind West Course S:W:B:S: went by the Log 83 Miles Latt 44-10N

25

not Sea Sick to day, hope it has quite left me, hope the Hayena has got Save home and my beloved Betsey has got her fond Clarks Letter. I wish I could send her a nother —— a strong wind from the N:W: and cloudy Wether, exceedingly hot to day. Ships Course S:W: went by the Log 109 miles Latt 42:19N.

26

Shortened Sail to Speak the agent. a fresh of wind and cloudy Wether, wind from the N:E: Sailing to the S:W a find wind for use to Teneriff, hope to be there in a few days if this wind continue —— went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon 109 miles Latte. ob 40:40 North ——

27

a large Swel from the NW: Strong wind from the N:E: and cloudy —— Ships course S:W: Went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon 125½ Miles 38:39 Latt.

28

have not been Sea Sick for these Several days, hope in god it has left me —— dreamt last night of being with my Beloved Alicia, at Mr. Bedlakes, hope in god that there is nothing the matter with her or my Sweet Boy —— Saw a large ship standing to ye. Northward —— was the first on board that Saw her, Saw also a Brigg a standing to the Southward —— hope to be at Teneriff in two or three days if this wind Stands, the wind blows very Strong from the NE with a great Sea following use —— Ships course S:W: flog this day John Bennet, a Convict, with 37 Lashes for breaking out of Irons, a young man But ane old Rogue —— read Part of the Story of the Humble friend in the Lady Magazien, for the Year 1775, very much taking with it —— went by the Log Since yesterday 12 oClock, 131 miles Latt 36—03N

29

fresh Gales and Hazey wether —— Shortened Sail for the Ships a Stairn, the Commd. made the Signal for the Ships to close —— read part of the Humble friend again this day, admire the Caracter of Mr. Audley —— wind from the N:E: Ships Course S:W: went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon 155 miles, not bad going —— Latt: none to day ——

30

fresh wind and Squally with Drizzling rain at times —— carried away the main Top Gallant Mast, Soon after got up another, a great Swell running from the N.E. —— Saw the land which proved to be the Island of Sancto, one of the Canarys Bearing W:N:W: distance from use about 3


  ― 15 ―
or 4 Leagues —— I wish that it was the St Nicolas, then I should not be long before I Should See my beloved Alicia and dear Sweet Boy, I wish to God I know how the[y] was, then I should be a little more happier than I am at present —— went by the Log Since Yesterday 12 oClock 99 miles Latte obs. in to day 32.13 North.

31

Light Breezes and Pleasent Wether and at times inclineable to calm —— the agent made our Signal to Speak him Shortened Sail for that purpose and for the Ship astairn to come up —— the wind from the N.E: Blow a little fresh in the night Ships course SB:W: went by the Log Since Yesterday noon 90 miles Obs. to day 30:43N

JUNE 1787

June the 1st.

Pleasent Weather a little wind from the W.S.W: the ship course S:B:W: calm the most of the last night —— went by the Log Since Yesterday noon only 58 miles Latt obs. in today 29 50 North

2d.

calm mostly alday lay too for the Ship astairn to come up —— Saw the Island of Salvages a nother of the Canarys Bearing SW of use about 4 or 5 Leagues —— Shortened Sail to Speak agent —— went by the Log only a fue miles no obs. Vation to day ——

3

Light Breezes and inclinable to calm the little wind that there is from the S W B W: Ships head S.B.W: the Commd. made the Signal for Ships to tack last night — the Island of Teneriff in Sight distance 12 Leagues. 1 P.M. a good Breeze —— the Commd. made the Signal for the Ships to gett into ther stasion —— at Eight oClock at night come to ane Anchor in the Roade of St Cruze, Island of Teneriff, one of the Canarys —— the Shore looks from the Ship but high Baron Rocks, hope that I shall have ane opportunity at this place by Some Ship going to Some port in Europe to send a letter to my dear heavenly Woman, god only knows how much I love her and what I would goe throu for it to be of any Service to her how I long to Know how my Ralphie is. I hope that he is alive and in good health ——

4

Lieut Long came on board with orders at Six oClock in the morning from Majr. Ross and Capt Phillip and also to inform use that if we wish to be introduced to the Spanish Govenour that Majr. Ross would doe it and for use to be onboard the Sirius at 11 oClock from whence he should goe with the Officers that come on board for that purpose. Capt Meredith and I declaind going But Mr. Faddy went. Major Ross came on board respecting 2 Serjeants whome Capt Meredith had confined for a Court Martial for unsoldierly Behavour —— Majr. Ross


  ― 16 ―
told Capt Meredith that he would not try them although he said the[y] ought both to hanged for the offence (a very pretty Way of carr[y]ing on Service I must own) and order them both to be released —— our Ship drove of the Bank and was oblige to get the anchor up and goe out to Sea and make a Tack Come again to an Anchor —— the Commd. and Major Ross came on board and order all the Convicts to be put out of Irons with Strick order for them to be put in Irons again on the Smales offence and inform use that ther should [be] wine and fresh Beef for the whole of use while we remained here and that ther was a Spanish Packet to sail for old Spain to morrow after noon and if we would Send our letters on board of his Ship he would Send them Save for use (for the orders left by Lt. Long See the orderly Book) Satt down a wrot part of a letter to my Sinceer and affectioned wife —— Several Boats came off with thing from the Shore to Sell was in hopes that we should have got Some fruit heer but it not being the time of Year excep for green figgs and Pumkings —— never Saw the Kings birth day worse kept than this ——

5

got by Six oClock to finshis my letter to my adorable Alicia wrot one also to Mr. Hartwell —— went on board the Alexander Transport & According to the orders of Yesterday to enquire into the merrits of a complaint made by first Lieut John Johnstone agains two of his men and to report to the Commanding Officer whether are grounds for a general Court Martial —— got almost over set by the poppling Sea —— Sent my letters on board the Sirius god grant them a Save passaged and a Quick one —— the Sun exceedingly hott

6

the Sun very hot endeed wish that we wair gone from heer —— hope the Ship will not get Sickly —— thank god She is very from that at Present throu the great attention of Mr. Arundell the Doctor —— went on board the Scarborough with Arundell to dine with Shea, Kellow, Davy and the Doctor ——

7

have had fresh Beef for these two days past it is very poor but exceedingly Sweet I wish we could have it all the passage —— the fleet getting Waterd as fast as possible —— the Ship as full of vats as She can hold Very hot indeed have not been in shore nor doe I intend it having no money to Spend —— the Shore looks very Baren the Peke is the highest land that I ever Saw —— orders came on board for which See the orders in the orderly of this date ——




  ― 17 ―

8

went on board the Alexander Transport according to the orders of Yesterday as a Pro[vost?] but was obliged to sitt as a Member of the Court Martial in the room of Lieut Sharp —— Exceedingly hott the Sun to day

9

the Sun remarkable hott sat down after dinner and wrot a letter to my Beloved Alicia my most Sinceer Betsey Alicia Clark as I find the Commander means to Sail to Morrow and as there is a English Brigg heer loading for London —— Capt Merideth and Mr. Arundell the Surj went on Shore and bought a great number of Pumkings Wine and other Stock for the Mess no fruit of any kind to be had ——

10

get up by day light and wrot the remainder of the letter to my honour wife which I left unfinished Yesterday and went on board the Scipio Capt Kirkman with it wher I found that he was to call at Plymouth for T.Pilot —— I wish that I know that before wrot on board of the Scipio on the Back of my letter Per Favour of Capt Kirkman of the Scipio —— Should have wrot a nother letter theer for my Beloved but the Commd. made the Signal for the whole fleet to wight at 5 oClock in the Morning very little wind and the Sun exceedingly hott I hope we shall find more fruit at St Jagoes than we have done at this Place ——

11

no wind this day the Ships head all round the Compass —— Teneriff and the Grand Canarys both in Sight Latt ob 20-0 North ——

12

calm most part of the this day Teneriff and the Grand Canarys in Sight —— order came on board for which See the orderly book of this date —— not very well this day I hope I am not going to be Sick —— dream of b[e]ing with my amiable Alicia last night at Mr. Kempsters —— hope she is not ill —— Lat obd. in 27-3N

13

Worse than I was Yesterday gracious God for the Sake of my beloved wife and dear Sweet Boy restore me again to health which you have heather to blessed me with merciful god —— wind S:W: and a good Breze Course S:W:B:W: —— the Agent made our Signal to Speak him went by the Log Since Yesterday noon 95 miles, no obsvn

14

Exceedingly ill this day oh my God for Your Servant my dear Alicia's Sake dont for Sake me —— took ane ematick by the doctors orders, very ill after it —— the doctor very kind gave me Some thing else in the Evening —— hope that we will be at St. Jagoe in 3 or four days at most if this wind stands —— Shortend Sail often for Ships a Stiern —— Close


  ― 18 ―
Weather with rain at times —— Wind NE Ship course SW:B:W went by the Log 95 miles Latt ob 25:10 North

15

a little better to day I never wish'd more to see my Alicia than now —— Oh my God what it is to Love so tenderly as I doe my dear Sweet Alicia and Son —— order to take the Bark —— much Troubled with the hart Burn Since ever I was first taking ill —— hope in God will again be quit well in a few day —— Shortened Sail for the Ships a stairn —— Strong wind and Pleasing Weather —— Wind EN:E: the Ships course S:W: went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon 130 Miles Latt observade in To day 23:28 North

16

Thank my gracious God for being so much better to day, I trust in his goodness that he his hard my prayers, oh if my dearly dearly Beloved woman know that I was ill how unhappy She would be, Blessed God Protect her and my Sweet Ralphie in health and welfare is my constante Prayer —— often Shortened Sail for the Ships a Stairn to come up to day —— Still Strong wind and Pleasent Weather —— wind N.E: and a good wind for use course S:W: went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon untill to day 12 oClock 157 Miles Latte. observad in to day 21..23 North

17

a great dele Better than I have been Yet thank my God for it also Mr. Arundell for his kind attention —— Strong wind Still and Pleasing Weather with a following Sea —— Wind N:EB:E the Ship Course S:W½S and went by the Log Since 12 oClock untill to day Noon 174 Miles —— Not bad going for a Transport deeply loaded —— Latte. obs. 18:55 North

18

Quit well to day thanks to my blessed God our heavenly father for being So good to me and family hope in the Lord that my ever honourd dearly Beloved wife and Sweet Boy are well then I am compleatly happy —— fresh gales from the NEBE and Hazey Weather —— Shortened Sail for the Ships a stairn —— Split the Fore Top Sail —— the Comr. made the Signal for the fleet to Shorten Sail —— Saw the Island of St Lucia one of the Cape De Vere Islands —— Ships cours S:SW: went by the Log Since Yesterday 166 miles from 12 Noon untill 12 to day Latt 16.30

19

Quit Recovered from my late illness —— cannot Return too much thanks to my maker for it —— dreamt of being with Reynolds at the Lovells last night hope he is well poor fellow —— Still Strong wind from the E:N:E: with Hazey Weather —— the Ship Stiring S:B:E: —— Saw the


  ― 19 ―
land of the Island of Bonavista another of the Cape De Vere Island —— The Comd. made the Signal for the Ship to come in to there Stations Lay too for 5 hour —— 10 oClock the Island of May another of the Cape De Vere —— 11 oClock Lay the Land of the Island of St Jagoe —— Capt Meridith put the four Convict women Elizh. Dudgeon, Marget Hall, Elizh. Pully, Charlott Ware out of Irons whome I had put in Irons on the 9 of this month for fighting ther was never three great whores living than they are, the four of them that Went throu the Bulk head while we lay at the Mother Bank —— I am convinced the[y] will not be long out of them the[y] are a disgrase to ther Whole Sex B…..s that they are I wish all the Women Wair out of the Ship —— Log Since Yesterday Noon Untill to day dito 104 Miles Latte. 14.58 North—

20

I am greatly disapointed in the Commr. not going after attemting it the wind would not let use —— most wait with patience untill we get to South America which is a very long passaged —— Gentle Breezes from the E:N:E: and Hazey Weather our Course South —— how long will it be before I heer from my Beloved Alicia —— went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon Untill to day dito 99 Miles Latt 13.13N

21

the Sun very hot to day —— what will it be Should we be becalmd on the Line —— Modrate Breeze from the N:E: —— Ships course South —— all the fleet in company —— Log for 24 hours 108 Miles Latt 11:57 North

22

to-morrow oh my Great God three Years is the day that you made me the most happy of men on the face of the earth for Which I shall never forget your goodness, for never did man posses Such Treassure before as is centerd in her, dear Blessed Woman the most tender best and Beautifulest of her Sex, god out of his great goodness grant her health and wellfare is the Sinceer Prayer of Your Servant —— O Lord I will alwayse keep the 23rd. of June as long as I have breath in my Body and alwayse make it a happy day of it Wheather at home or a Broad —— I have ask Capt. Walton, Mr. Laurance the first Mate and Mr. Short the 2d Mate of the Ship to par take along with my Mess Mates and Self of my happiness and will Spend the day as happy as the Ship will per mitt if I thought that I Should have been So unhappy at leaving my family behind I should never have come away from them —— I did not know half how much I love them or all the gains on earth Should never have made me leave them O dear Sweet Alicia my dear Beloved Alicia and Sweet Boy —— Modrat Breeze from the N —— Course South Log 77 Miles Latt 10.47 N.




  ― 20 ―

23

Blessed Lord God, Heavenly father, accept of my Prayer and thanks for my Self and Your Servant Betsey Alicia for joing our hands and Hearts this day three Years in happy Union —— Oh Gracious Jesus in what manner Shall I humble myself to make you ane recompence for giving me so heavenly a Gift —— oh my Beloved God protect her and Self in health and welfare and that of our dear plege of our love which you have been So kind and good to give use Bless him in all his Actions and be his protector good Jesus, what would I give to bee with my Sinceer Alicia this day —— I only want that to make me most Sinceerly happy for with her I cannot be otherwayse than happy dear Heavenly woman the best of wives the most Sinceerest friend and the kindest of Mothers where is a nother to be found her equal —— none on earth tender Beautiful Lovely to excess happy man that I am —— never after it pleases god that I Return to my much Beloved Alicia Shall any thing Seperat me from them dear good Woman I did not know thy Worth or I should not gone on this long absents —— oh how I long for the months to fly away to restore to my Alicia my friend my dear wife and Beautiful little engaging Son oh Sweet boy what would Your father give for a kiss of Your Mother and You —— oh I think I heer him cry pappa pappa as I am taking my hat to goe out —— dear Sweet Sound musick to my poor ears the only happiness that I have is the kissing of my Betseys dear Pictor and my little Boys hair that She Sent —— I would not part with them for a Captains Commission for with out them I Should be the most unhappy of men now living —— May the Almighty be a guard over my wife Son and Self then we shall want for nothing —— I could write abouth them for ever but most leave off and See a bout getting dinner —— thank god that it is Still Modrate Breeze from the North as I now can enjoy my friends the better as I wish to be happy —— This day wind from the E:N:E: Course South went by the Log 60 Miles —— The Weather been cloudy had no obervation to day ——

24

Made my friends as happy as I in the Ship could and the[y] wair happy as the[y] Saw that it maid me happy on Account of it being Yesterday may Weding day — I gave them a cold dinner wine Beer and Cyder which was all that I had —— the doctor Faddy and Self Sagn untill 10 oClock at Night —— dear happy day I hope my dear Alicia keep it when My God Shall She and I be together to keep it —— god only knows how Much I love her never did man love Woman So as I doe her dear Tender Soul the best of her Sex, if God keeps me in life I will always have Some friends to dine with me that day for it was the best


  ― 21 ―
and happiest day that ever I Saw and will also keep that of our dear Sons dear Sweet Boy —— I hope that he will be like his mother then he will be Beautiful in deed —— have a pain in my head to day from the drinking Yesterday hope it will goe off Soon otherwayse very well —— hope to remain So for my Alicia and Son's Sake —— Dreamt last night that Mrs. Copland was broght to Bed of a Son if So I wish her joy or when ever it is and wish Mattw. all the happiness that this world affords Departed this life Patrick Delany Convict which has been Expected ever Since he came on board —— a fue Sick only but non very bad Excep Parkenson one of the Convict women which is her own falt —— Thunder and Lightening all round —— Shours of havey rain —— Log 51 —— Wind South —— Latt to day 9.11 North.

25

Thunder and Lightening with Havey Shours of Rain all day —— Log 43 Latte. 8:38 North.

26

Light airs of wind and Verable the Sun Exceedingly hott to day Log 29 miles —— I wish to god that the wind would come fair otherwayse we shall make a long passaged and the Ship will get very Sickly —— thank god that we have none on board that is very bad —— Latt 8.48 North gone ten miles back again than wher we was Yesterday—

27

Very havey Squals of wind and rain all day —— all the Ships in company —— Log 42 Miles Latte. 8:8 North

28

dreamt of being with my beloved Alicia —— oh why did the dear Sweet Woman learn me to believe in dreems if she had Should not have been so unhappy as I am at this present momont from dreaming that my Alicia took a dead louse from herself and gave it me —— oh unlucky dream for have often herd her say that dreaming of lise was a certain Sign of Sickness —— oh my Gracious God protect her and Son in health and welfare is the most Sincer prayer of her fond and affectioned Clark —— when ever it pleases god to restore me to my dear beloved Betsey my fond wife and dear Sweet boy never will I leave them for living as I have done Since that fatal day the 12 of March last have been in Missary ever Since —— Havey Squals of rain and wind with dito of thunder and Lightening —— Log 28 miles Latt 7:32 North.

29

Saw a strange Sail to the South west standing to the W. —— She hoisted portigues Coulors and comig dount to Speake the Comd. who sent his boat on board of her find that She is bound from Lisbon bound Rio


  ― 22 ―
Janirio in South America the Same place that we are going too —— wish in Christ that the wind would come fair —— a great number of fish about the Ship —— Mr. Laurance the first mate caught three Dolphins and one Bonetta with the grains —— gentle Breeze and pleasent Weather Log 63 miles Since Yesterday 12 oClock Latte. by ob 7:31 North

30

Very little wind all day and that from the Southwd the worst wind that can blow for Use —— the Portigues Vessel in Company and going the Same Way that we are —— Log 43 Miles Latte. by obs. 7:27 North

JULY 1787

July the first

Squaly all round with constant Heevy rain all day —— dreamt again of being at home with my dear Betsey my only friend —— it must be from doing nothing the Whole day but of thinking about them that makes me dream So often of them —— I hope they are well then I am happy —— Log 57 miles —— Latte. 6.55 North

2

fresh wind and Cloudy Weather —— The Commr. made the Signal to tack Ship all the fleet in Company —— The Portigues could not keep up with use parted Company with her in the night —— Log 80 Miles Latt by obs. 6:39 North.

3

was cald up by the Capt of the Ship last night informing use that his men had brock throu the Womens Convicts Bulk head again and that he had caught four of the women in the mens place —— four of the Number that had gone throu while we lay at the Mother Bank & two of them that I had put in Irons while we lay at Teneriff for fighten —— I thought as I have Said before that these D..…d troubelsem Whores it would not not be long before the[y] gott ther again —— made the Signal to Speak the Comr. the Capt went on board the Commr. who order the men that the women wair with to be brought on board of him Sent the Carpenter the Boatswain the Steward and one of the Seamen being the four men that Elizh. Dudgeon Elizh. Pully Elizh. Thackly Sarah McCormick wair with Whome the Comr. flogd except the Carpenter and order the four Women to be keep in Irons all the Way —— if I had been the Commr. I Should flogd the four Whores also —— fresh Breeze from the Southard Log 54 miles Latt the Same as Yesterday —— order came on board from Major Ross for which See in the order Book of this date

4

little wind to day Log 47 miles Latte. 6:22 North —— last night one of the Marines wives was brought to Bed of a fine Boy the Child has got


  ― 23 ―
a defect in his right hand otherwise the Mother and it are as well as the come Saying is as can be expected

5

caught a large Shark to day —— the agent made the Signal for all Masters —— the master went on board the Commondore to Riceeve orders and returned Soon after with a Shoulder of Mutton from the Commr. to Mr. Faddy wife Servant who was yesterday brought to bed and also with following order Respeting the Water

When the Sirius hoist a Blue flag with a Yellow Cross at the Main Top Gallant Mast head the officers Seamen Marines and Convicts are the to goe on allowance of water —— Three pints for the Twenty four hours, one half to be served in the Morning and the remainder in the afternoon —— A Lieutenant of Marines with a Serjeant or Corporal and tuo of the Convicts always to be present when the Water is Served that part of Hold wher the Water is kept is never to be opend but in the presence of those appointed to See the Water Served and the Serjeant or Corporal and the two Convicts are to be changed every day —— the Water that is Necessary for the Stock is to be given out at the time the Water is Served to the people and the Quantity Issued daily to be marked in the Ships Log Book.

The Surgeon to have whate Water he Judges Necessary for the Sick and a proper Quantity of Water is to be delivered out every morning for the Coppers which the Officer and Men appointed to See the Water Served will See put in the Coppers ——

The Orders to be read to the Ships Company the Marines and Convicts.

One Quart of Water a man to be allowed for the Coppers

   Sign

M: S: Sirius at Sea July 5 1787

   A Phillip

a bout four oClock this after noon the Sirius made the above Signal for the fleet to be put on the above allowance of Water —— I hope in Christ that the wind will come fair, that we may not be put on a shorter allowance than three pints in the Twenty four hours, for it is a great Way to Rio Janiero and no licklyhoods of Getting ther Soon with this Wind —— I trust in gods goodness that he will protect use from Sickness as he has hitherto done —— Spoke Kellow and Davy who informed use that Capt. Shea was very ill and that it was the Surgeons oppinion that he would not live I hope he will Recover for his wife and Young family Sake for no body knows the loss of Parent but them that has Experienced Such a loss for instance My Beloved Betsey when she lost her


  ― 24 ―
Tender Mother dear good Woman she was; a loving wife and a Most Tender and Kind Mother, a Sinceer friend with ane open hand and purse to the needy and poor —— my dear Beloved Alicia has all the Virtues of the Best of Women that Was (her Mother) —— Capt. Walton has given me a puppy have cald it Efford after the dear Sweet place wher first I came acquainted with my Alicia my Vertious Wife —— Capt Merideth order one of the Corporals to flog with a rope Elizh. Dudgeon for being impertinent to Capt. Meridith —— the Corporal did not play with her but laid it home which I was very glad to see —— then order her to tied to the pump She has been long fishing for it which She has at last got untill her hearts containt —— Latte. [*]

6

Nothing exstrodinary to day —— Latte. [*]

7

caught to very fine Bonaties with the grains to day —— Latte. [*]

Sunday the 8 July 1787

caught a very large Shark one Bonetta 2 Dolphin with the hook and one very large Dolphin withe grains —— thank god for the fish as it is a very good fresh male and Made into chouder eats most Exellence —— I wish we may get Some fish Every day which will Save our Stock as it begines to grow low having now only 5 fouls and one Small pigg beloning to the Mess —— Saw a Sloop Standing to the North Ward the Commr. made the Signall for the fleet to tack came up withe Sloop that we Saw in the morning —— the Supply Spoke her dont know wher She is from or Bound too —— Latte. [*]

Munday the 9 July 1787

caught a large She Shark this morning with 37 Young ones in her —— the Same Weather that we have had for these 8 days past thank god for his goodness in Keeping Use from Sickness and permitting the two or three that have being Slightly ill to recover —— Spoke the Alexander Transport —— Saw John Johnson my old companion in the Dutch Service and Maitland Sharp my old School fellow well as also Balmain the Surgeon and all on board very well —— Latte. [*]

Tuesday the 10 July 1787

Was taking very ill in the Night order Some Phisex was very ill all day I wish to god the wind would change —— the Weather has been Exceeding hott for these Several days past and very little wind —— Latte. [*]

Wednesday the 11

Still very ill and have been all Night could not close my Eyes for thinking what would become of my belove Alicia and dear Sweet Boy if any thing Should happen to me —— Gracious God Spair me for My


  ― 25 ―
wife and childs Sake o Blesed Christ doe —— for what will become of them —— order again to take the bark the doctor informs me that my ilness is only from the change of climat and that I will be well again in a day or two —— I trust in god that he will be so good as to restore me a gain to my former good state of health —— Latte. [*]

Thursday the 12

thank my Gracious God for his goodness in given me health again hope to be quite well in a day or two —— dreamt last night of having been with my dear Alicia and Miss Turner in dock and that my Tender love was sitting at the fire with her night cap on and Seemd very low— I hope in gods goodness that ther is nothing the matter with her for if I know ther was I should certainly goe mad —— heavens grant ther is nothing amiss with her or our dear child —— god preserve them Both is my most Sinceer prayer —— I Shall now be the most Unhappy of men living untill I dream of them again —— oh why did my Betsey make me believe So much in dreams —— I hope that I shall dream of My dearest wife my most Sinceer friend (what Tender name shall I Mention of my Alicia that will make it Sound more dear to my Ears for she is by all that is Sacrad the most lovely of Women) to night —— nothing Extraordinary has happend to the fleet Since my last and have gone very little on our way to Rio Janerio —— Latte [*]

Friday the 13

the fleet all in company thank god I was with my betsey last night again by which I am to day in a little better Spirits than I was Yesterday the dreaming last night of My betsey given me Gold has quite recoverd me again —— Thanks to Mr. Arundell also for his very Kind attention for he realy is very Kind and tender to me when I am any wayse ill —— I know that if my Alicia was here She would thank him most kindly for it —— Spoke the Scarborough and Kellow informd me that Capt. Shea was much better thank god for it and I am heartly glade it is so for his Wife and Young family Sake —— Latte. [*]

Saturday the 14

I am exceedingly glade that we have got over the line to day at Six oClock hope we will have a little better wind this Side of the World than we had the other Side —— read this day part of the Tragady of Douglas oh with what Sinceer love dose Lady Randolph exspress herself for the Death of Douglas & her lost child and the timeless death of her Brother, in the begining of the first Act —— how hard it is on the part of Lord Randolph who loves his wife Sinceerly and she only Returns that love with friendship —— I love the character of Anna, but


  ― 26 ―
I am affraid that Glenalvan from his first Speech has Some Treachery in Vue hope not but Some thing fortells me he has —— Latte. [*]

Sunday the 15

the weather Exceedingly hot —— all the fleet in company and Ship will lay her course with the wind would come a little more aft —— amonst other thing that in conversation after dinner the Coudrys family was brought on the carpet When Mr. Faddy informed the company that if ever woman was……….that Hanah Coudry was while at Mrs. Fuges in Stone House by Mr. Perry then also at Fuges —— I ask him how he could Say So, Faddy made Answer that he was certain of it as Mr. Perry had as good as told him So —— I thought when I went to See Miss Coudry at Mr. Simons in Plymouth after Mr. Fuges— things wair told off that Mr. Perry then took libertys with her while I was in the Room that he as a married man Should not have done and more So on her Side as a Virtious Young Woman ought not to have Sufferd, which I mentioned to my beloved Betsey, the moment that I came home —— if it is So as Mr. Faddy Says, I am exceedingly Sorry for her father and Mother and her other two Sisters but cannot Say I am very Sorry for her to take up with a man whome She know was a Married man and a father of a family and he cannot be any thing but a Rascal which certainly most be —— Latte [*]

Munday the 16

thank God for having the Wind a little More fair that we had it for the 3 weeks past —— hope we will get into port in a fortnight now if this wind stands —— Read the remainder of the Tragady of Douglas this oh it is a Sweet play —— what ane innocent Sweet Speech that is of Young Norval when he informs Lord and Lady Randolph whome he is and wher his father lives, on the Grampine hills —— My father feeds his flock & & and what are the emotions in the Breast of Lady Randolph when She Sees the features and shape of her lost and Stained Husband Douglas in that of Young Norval —— little dose She know fond Mother that he is her long lost Son or she would not have let him gone to the field with her Lord —— What a Villain Glenalvon is if it had not been for him her Son had lived and She fond mother had not taken the rash step which She did —— but Still I cannot think that She Loved as my Betseys My Virtious Alicia dose —— heavens knows how much She and I loves, the Tear of Sorrow would not Refrain from rolling down my cheeks at the affecting Scain in this play. The Commondor made the Signal for the fleet to make more Sail —— Latte. Obs. To day 1:23 South —— poor Efford got his leg hurt this morning I hope he will recover on Account of the Name of the dear Sweet place I have cald him after —— Latte. [*]




  ― 27 ―

Tuesday the 17

thank god that we have got a fair wind at last —— gave one of the men convicts Some Silk thread white to cover Some button moules also Some cotton thread which Arundell gave me to get a pair of grovesnote made of —— the day Exceedingly hott —— hope we will be at Rio in fourteen days from this —— all the fleet in Company —— thank God that I have been So Exceedingly well for these Several days past hope in Christ I will remain So —— Latte. 4.17 South

Wednessday the 18

Saw the Alexander Send her Boat on board the Charlott and Return on board with Mr. White the Surgeon General —— the Alexander Soon after made the Signal to Speak the Commondore from which I think that Some of the officers on board of her are dead or very ill or the Ship is become very Sickly —— I hope in god neather for Should Sickness once come into the Ship dreadfull most be the consequence hope in my Great God that he will keep use from it, as his goodness has all along done —— Sure he is very kind to use, and much we ought to thank him for it from the bottom of my heart I Return him my thanks morning and night —— Sergt. Stuarts Youngest child was most kild by one of the Convicts letting it drop out of his hand into the fore hold —— I should have been Exceedingly Sorry if any thing Should happent to it, for it is a Sweet little fellow and alway puts me in mind of my dr. Sweet Ralphie when I See it —— the Supply Brigg haild use and ask use if we had Spoke the commondor to day —— Answered not he then told use that is was the Commrs. orders that we Should have two Quarts a Water a day in the Room of three pints —— thank god for —— Elizh. Barbur one of the Convict Women abused the Doctor in a most terrible man[ner] and Said that he Wonted to….her and cald him all the names that She could think of —— after dinner Capt. Meredith enquird into the matter and ask her how She could raise Such a report and abuse Mr. Arundell So She Still in Sisted that it was true She was very much in liqour —— She was order on a pair of leg irons when She getting them on She begane to abuse Capt. Meridith in a much worse manner than She had done the doctor —— She cald him every thing but a Gentle man and Said She was no more a Whore than his wife —— She then begane and abused Faddy and I wonder how She come to forget me amonst the number, in all the course of my days I never hard Such exspertions come from the Mouth of human being —— the Capt order her hands to tied be hind her back and to be gact to prevent her from making noise —— She hoped and She was certain that she Should See use all thone over board before we got to Botany Bay— from the Bottom of my heart I dont think that the doctor Mr. Arundell


  ― 28 ―
ever offer any Such a thing to that Brute —— She disired Meredith to come and kiss her C…for he was nothing but a Lousy Rascall as we Wair all —— I wish to god She Was out of the Ship —— I would reather have a hundered more men than to have a Single Woman —— I hope in the Ships that ever I May goe in herafter there may not be a Single Woman —— caught two Bonatas this Morning but the Seamen caught them So none came to our Share —— Latte. [*]

Thursday the 19

Elizh. Barbur Remaind in that position that She was left in untill 6 oClock this Morning when She was let goe down and order up again and her hands again tied behind her back —— the Seamen caught a very fine fish to day morning —— I am glad to find that Sergt. Stuarts little Boy is better and the doctor Says that it has no bones brok —— A great number of fish about the Ship to day —— the fleet is very much Scatter —— Latte. obs. to day 5:58 South.

Friday the 20

the Convict woman order to be punished the Same way as Yesterday— the day Exceedingly hott —— caught by the Seamen 2 Bonattas both very large fish a great number about the Ship —— hoisted out a boat to Scrub the Sides and bottom She being exceedingly foull with grass and Shells —— Lay too to let the Lady Penryn come up. She Sailing So Exceedingly bad —— Served out the water to day begining my Second week for all hands on Board According to the order Received the Commondor —— made the Supplys Signal to come within haile —— Latt ob in to day 6:51 South

Saterday the 21

got wett this morning in Seing the Water Served out for the Ships Company and lost my pencle by it —— the day a great dele cooler than it was Yesterday —— gave one of the men convicts Some thread to make me a nett for my head as the night caps are too warm and the[y] come of every night —— the young child that was born the third of this month in the morning is also crippled in its right leg —— I am Exceedingly Sorry for it poor little thing its hand is the Same as a ducks foot— the doctor has cut the fingers a Sunder once and will be obliged to cut them once more when we comes into harbour —— have not found myself So well Since I have been at Sea —— Slept Exceedingly well all night —— have come to a Resulition not to open the case that contains my dear beloved wifes picture but once a week for fear that Some accident Should befall it So that So that I must now be content to kiss the little bag that it contains dear Sweet treasures —— oh my beloved woman little doe you know how much I love you I god only knows


  ― 29 ―
to what Excess that I doe —— got my frame finished for my Betsey but I doe not think it good a nuff for her but Since I had It made for her will keep it untill I am able to give it her —— oh when Shall that happy time come I wish it was to morrow —— got a nother pair of my Trouser done have only on pair more to doe —— gave a pair of old Stocking to be cutt up to make me Socks being in great Wont of them —— Latt ob in to day 7:58 South —— the Convict finished my Gloves this afternoon the[y] fitt very well —— Shall give him thread to make me another pair for I am in great Want of them —— had Some chouder for dinner to day thank God for it as I have had not a fresh dinner this week before —— hope we shall be able to get Some fish to morrow —— the fleet very much scaterd —— the Commondore made the Charlett and Boroughdoles Signal to close or to come nearer him

Sunday the 22

got up this Morning early and washd my Self all over —— the Supply Brigg haild use and ask use what was our reason that we kept So fare to Wind Ward and why we did not Set our top Gallen Studding Sails —— Faddy has had no Sleep he having a great number Bugges in the Small place wher he Sleeps has kild above a hunder this morning with oil of Tar —— thank God that I have not one in my bed and hope I shall have none —— the Ship is Swarming with them every body complains of them Except Capt. Meredith and Self who Sleep in cotts —— Latte. obs. in to day 9 8 South —— Capt Meridith put Margt. Hall one of the Woman in irons for Sh……between decks he handcuft her with Elizh. Barbar that abandond wrecth and took her leg irons off — I thought as I have Said once before that Margett Hall would Not be long out of these ornimonts that I put on her at Teneriff for her bad behavour ther —— She was one of the Woman that went throu the Holl to the Seamen at the Mother Bank —— Spoke the Scarborough and find them all well on board which I am very Glade —— hope the[y] will remain So as I wish the Whole fleet

Munday the 23

hard Squales with havy rain but thank god the wind is come abaft the beam —— I now that we will be in Rio in a few days wher I hope to be able to Send a letter a Way home the day after our arrival to my ever dear and Tender Alicia Clark my much beloved wife —— what would I give to heer from her and that She and my Son are well dear Sweet fellow —— I Suppose that he has forgott his fond father who loves his mother and him dearly —— Latte. ob to day 10:10 South —— gave Mrs. Hart one of the Convict woman Some thread to make me a nother pair Trousers —— the Commondore carried away his main Top Sail Yard in


  ― 30 ―
the Slings —— the doctor desired Margt. Hall out of Irons being very unwell

Tuesday the 24

it blowd very hard in the night —— the fleet all in company —— put Mrs. McNamara both legs in Irons for being very impertinent to the Convict cook put also again Elizh. Barbor in Irons who was let out when Margt. Hall was Yesterday She being hand cuft with her —— hand cuft her with Elizh. Tackny and put leg Irons on Eliz Pully who was hand cuft with Eliz Tackny before —— got my two Bandows done and the[y] fitt very well hope the[y] will remain better on my head than my night caps —— although the wind blows hard it is fair and hope it will Remain So that we may Soon be at Rio Janeiro —— thank God for being So kind to use, in keeping use So healthy having No Sick on board which is a very great blessing —— latte. obs. in to day 11.49 South

Wednesday the 25

blow very hard in the night —— all the fleet in company —— Split the Jib and main Top Gallen Sails —— a great Sea from the South East —— Shipt Several in the cours of the day —— the doctor beg the S: Mc cormick might be put out of Irons She being very unwell —— Latte. obs in to day 13:26 S the wind has blowing very hard alday and Seems if it would blow harder

Thursday the 26

got very little Sleep from the rolling of the Ship —— blow Exceedingly hard in the night —— Split the fore Top G: Sail in the night —— abused the doctor for giving use So bad a dinner he being co[ok] for the week as a pice of pork Some potatoe and a pumpking piy —— the doctor desired that Eliz Pully might be put out of Irons She being very ill having a blister on her —— a feu Sick on board but none that are very ill —— Latte. 15.4 South —— the commondor made the Signal for to come and See the Longe. by his Time pice which we Saw to be 29.34W —— the Goulden Grove carried away her fore Top G: Mast which is the third Since we left England

Friday the 27

very Squaly with hard Shours of rain —— the Boroughdale carried away her For Top G Mast —— Latte. ob in to day 16:33 South —— gave the wood to the cabinet maker to make my beloved Betsey a writing desk —— hope the[y] will make it well on her Account —— caught 3 Bonettas to day —— gave one to Capt Walton

Saturday the 28

blow very hard in the night —— the Sea carried away the Womans cabouse in the night —— the Commr. made the Signal (a blue Flag at


  ― 31 ―
the main Top G: M Head) for the Ships to close and keep near the commanding officer —— Soon after he made the Signal for the Ships to get in to ther Stations (a Blue Flag at the Fore Top G: M. Head) the wind Strong but fair —— the commondore made the Lady Penryns Signal (a whit Flag at the Mizen Peek) to come in to his boat —— Latte. in to day 18:5 South —— Spok the Scarborough all well

Sunday the 29

a very fine Breeze and as fair as it can blow —— the Supply Lieut Ball haild use and informed use to keep a good look out for in the track that we are now going ther is ane Island laid down which the[y] dont know wher abouts it is —— all well on board the Supply —— Capt. Walton kild a very fine hogg and Sent use a loin which is very good of him —— hope Soon to be into port wher we may have fresh Beff again —— opend the case of my dr. Beloved Betseys pictour and gave it a hunder kiss dear Sweet woman for herself and my dr. Boy —— latte. ob in to day 19.32 S the convict woman finished the pair of Trousers that I gave her to make and the[y] fit very well —— the commondor made the Signal to come and See the Longe. by his time pice which is 33.12 West —— a very large [*] came close in board the Ship —— a great number of flying fish came on board in the morning Watch

Munday the 30

Still a very find Breeze and what is more a fair wind —— have a great head ack —— Latte. in to day 20:39 South —— dreamt of being with my beloved Betsey and Son god Bless them both —— Capt. Meridith ask me to day if I know a Mrs. Eady of Lisk[e]ard as he Says that She know Mrs. Clark and me —— I am Sure that I dont know her and I dont know that my Beloved knows Such a person ther for I never herd her mention Such a name

Tuesday the 31

Still a very fine Breeze the Same wether that we had Yesterday —— all the fleet in company but the Lady Penryn a great Way a stairn —— three or four of the convicts complaining to day of being ill —— the doctor Says that there is none very bad —— Latte. ob in to day 21:48 South

AUG 1787

Wednesday August the 1st.

all the fleet in company the Lady Penryn a good way a stairn —— She Sails very bad for She was up with the fleet last night —— the Commondor hoisted his broad pendant at the main Top G: Mast (which is Red with a Swallow Tail) I wonder he did not doe it long before now —— a very fine day the wind the Same as it has been for the Several days past —— hope to be into port in a day or two at most —— Latt. in to day 22:35S —— the commondor made the Signal (a white pendent


  ― 32 ―
at the Ensing Staf) to come and See the Lond. by his time pice but he carring to much Sail could not come up with him —— Capt Meridith put Elizh. Barbor and Elizh. Thackny in irons together and Elizh. Dudgeon and Elizh. Pully together —— the doctor having reported them well again Except Sarah McComick —— the damed whores the moment that the[y] got below fel a fighting amonst one a nother and Capt Meridith order the Sergt. not to part them but to let them fight it out which I think he is very wrong in letting them doe so —— the Fisbourn haild use and ask use how we all wair on board and found them all well the same as we are thank God

Thursday the 2

got early up for I could not Sleep on Account of dreaming of being with my beloved Betsey —— hope in god that ther is nothink amiss with her or my Son —— found a strange Sail in company with the fleet who hoisted Portigues coulers —— Soon out Saild the Stranger although she is standing the Same way that we are —— lost my dog Efford overboard I am apt to think that he was thrown over board by the first mate if I was certain I would make some of the men give him a good thrashing —— I am sorry that I lost him poor dog for he begane to be very fond of me —— the Commondor Sent the Supply Brigg ahead which I think is to look out for the land —— Latte in to day 23–1 South —— the commondore made the Signal (a white pendant at the Ensings staf) for to come and See the Loge. by his time pice which we Saw to be 40:25 West —— the Supply made the Signal (which is hoisting her Ensing) for Seeing the land —— Saw Soon after the land under the Lee Bow

Friday the the 3

got up early to serve the water to all hands on board —— the land very near use but will not get into port as it is quit calm and very likly to remain So —— got my beloved Alicias desk done all to the lock and hinges and green cloath which I hope to be able to get at Rio —— I am happy to find that we are So near a place from whence I shall be able to write to my only friend dear Sweet woman —— what would her fond Clark give to know how She and my dear heavenly Boy is all that I have in the world for to be with them —— the commondore made the Signal (a dutch Jack at the Mizen Top mast head) for the fleet to bring too as he finds the fleet will not be able to come to ane Anchor to night —— Sarah Mccormick taking very ill this after noon —— the doctor has been oblige to Bleed her twice to day and Says that She will not live the night out —— She is now quit Speachless I am apt to think (God forgive) if it is not So, that She is eating up with the P…She is one of


  ― 33 ―
them that went throu the Bulk head to the Seamen —— I hope She has given them some thing to remember her —— never was ther a Set of greater rascals together than the[y] are —— the[y] are ten thousand times wors than the convicts and if the convicts had any thought to make ther escapt the[y] would assist them

Saterday the 4

the convict woman Still very ill —— the doctor has been oblige to bleed her three times Since Yesterday which makes it 5 times —— little wind all night and very little all to day —— Shall not get into night —— the commordore made the Signal for the fleet to Tack (ane English Jack at the Fore Top En M. Head) about twelfe he Tack again —— two Small boats and a Strange Ship in Sight which come out of the Harbour

Sunday the 5

it was calm all night —— I am affraid that we will not be able to get in to day for ther is no wind —— took my beloved Betseys pictour out of the little bag and kist it a hunder times my dear beloved woman —— hope in god that She is well as that of our dear Sweet boy —— a bout twelf oClock a little Breeze Sprung up hope we will be able to get into port to day —— ½ past four the commondore made the Signal (a chequered flag at the Mizen Peek) for the fleet to prepair to Anchor Still very little wind —— Sarah McCormick Still very ill —— the doctor has been up almost all night with her and has Bleed her now Eight times Since She first taking with the Stoppages of her breath —— all the fleet in company —— the land very near and the Strange Sail that we Saw Yesterday Still in Sight and 3 Small Boats —— a very large turtle past very near the Ship —— I wish that I had a pice of him for Supper to night —— the commondor made the Signal to come to ane anchor at half past Eight (two lights at the Ensing Staf and fired two Guns) came to ane Anchor at ½ past ten at night in road of Rio Janerio

Munday the 6

all the Ships at ane Anchor round use and the land of both Sides of use very high rocky Mountains all cover over with green trees —— the commrs. boat came on board with order for the Capt of the Ship to goe on board the Sirius —— the doctor went in board the charlett with a Sick list to the Surgeon General —— Capt. Meridith went on board the Sirius respecting Elizh. Barbar Behavour —— orders came on board for the Ship get under weght when the Sea Breeze Sets in and to goe up in the harbour —— I wish to god that I could Send a letter (on board that Ship that is now under Way for Lisbon) to my beloved Alicia —— Capt Shea came on board to See use —— he looks Still very ill but he ought to thank god for his being So well as he is —— he


  ― 34 ―
informs use that one of there Seamen fell from the main Top Gallen Yard Yesterday and frackterd his head and brock his arm all to pices but the Surgeon Says that he still will doe very well —— Sarah McCormick still very ill —— the doctor thinks her a great dele better than she was Yesterday —— order come on board for to let every body have what water the[y] please thank god for it —— got under way at half after 2 oClock and Stood in to the harbour as did all the fleet —— a shore boat came along Side with Some black men in her and hove Several oranges on board —— one the Right hand going in is a battry in ane opening close to the Waters edge the Same on the left hand —— on the top of a very high hill and lines all the way down to the first Battry a very Strong fort on the Right hand almost even with the Water —— when the Commd. came abreast of this fort he Saluted it with 13 Guns which the fort returnd with Same Number —— one the left hand almost oppisid to the fort that Saluted ther is a nother fort but not near So Strong as it —— a little father one the left hand is a Squar fort one an Island which we past also —— the Charott came on board of use ther bein little wind —— Spoke to Creswell and Poulden and find that the[y] have been very well as also Tensh —— 3 Boats with Several Gentlemen came along Side which throw Several oranges on board —— at half after 5 the commd. made the Signal (a Checkerd flag at the Mizen peek) for the fleet to come to ane Anchor —— came to anchor at half past 7 oClock in the Harbour of Rio Janaria South America —— Rodney one of the Boys cald So from being on Board Ld. Rodneys Ship in the Accion of the 12 of April 1782 fell from the Staboard [set?] harpons over board but was got in again without hourting himself much except been brused from lighting one the Anchor befor he fell in the water

Tuesday the 7

caught Several fish with lines out of the cabin windous which the[y] call old wives —— Lieut Long & Fuzer and the commondors Sectary came on board with orders (for which See the orders in the orderly Book) Long ask me if I wish to goe a Shore to morrow to be intrudused to the Viz King as the[y] term him —— I told him I had no particulor desire and Seeing Faddy ancious I declined going So Capt. Merideth and Faddy gave in ther names that the[y] would goe —— at 10 oClock the Commd. made the Signal for the fleet to moor Ship —— at 11 oClock we got under way to get father up the harbour —— at one oClock let goe the Anchor near the commd. —— after dinner the doctor and I went on board the Scarborou to see the lads ther wher we Staid to Tea and Supper —— Sarah McCormick Still very ill She being


  ― 35 ―
the only one that we have Sick onboard —— Lieut Maxwell came on board to ask Capt. Meridith if he would Exchange a Sergeant with him which Capt. M: would not doe

Wednessday the 8

Capt. M: and Faddy went on board the Sirius at ½ past 9 oClock from that to goe on shore with the rest to the Viz Roys —— Shifted our birth again —— fresh Beef and greens came on board for the Marines and convicts —— at 1 oClock Capt. M: and Mr. F: returnd and are very much taking with the Town —— intend going to Wait on the comd. to morrow and from that I mean to goe on shore to enquir if ther are any Ships heer bound to Europe that I may Send a letter with them to my beloved Alicia bless her and that of my dear Sons —— I wish them health and happiness is the most Sinceer prayer of her fond and affectioned husband and fond father —— god protect them always

Thursday the 9

Raind very all last night and all this fore noon —— Lieut Long came on board with order (for which See the orderly Book) —— the doctor went on board the the Charlott to the Surgeon General respecting a cask of wine that has leak out —— the commd. Sent Sent for Mr. Arundell to come on board of him wher he Staid dinner and returned in the boat with Major Ross who came on board to enquir into Elizh. Barber complaint which She has wrot to the comd. when he found the complaint but fixious —— Rise order to be Served a pound a day in the room of our pound a Bread —— ment to have gone a shore to day for a walk but it been So bad a day did not wish to goe for to get Sick —— for what would become of my dear well Beloved Alicia and that Tender Sweet Boy of ours —— thank god that I find there is a Ship here bound to London and will Sail much a bout the Same time for ther that we will for the Cape of good hope —— I shall write a long letter to my Adorabl Sweet and Sinceer Alicia —— god out of his great goodness bless her and I wish her a good night for I suppose She is in bed long before this for it is now 11 although it is not 8 oClock now with use So god protect her and my Ralphie

Friday the 10

Faddy went on board the Charlott According to the orders of Yester to Sit as a member on a court martial —— Capt. Meridith and the doctor went a Shore Soon after Breakfast and returned to dinner —— Capt Hunter of the Sirius and Major Ross came on board Soon after they went on Shore and inform me to tell Capt. Meridith that he had Settled all the matter Respecting Elizh. Barbor with the comd. —— Faddy Returns after dinner from Scarborough (wher he went to dinner


  ― 36 ―
from the Charlott) with Kellow and Mr. Tolman and cald on me to goe on Shore with them which I did —— landed at the Pallice and walk throu the Town and then a little way in the country —— I did not See but one white woman all the time that I was on Shore and She was only peping throu the window gratings for the portagues will not permitt ther women to be Seen but the[y] behave very Polit to use —— a bout two miles in the country we Stept in to a grove of oranges when the Gentleman ask use if we would walk in and offerd use knives and goe and eat oranges in the grove, he Sent his Servant with use to pull them of the Trees for use wher we eat as maney as we could and Stuft our pockets full and he would take nothing for them —— his wife who is a true Native is very dark like a Mollotu presented me with a Nose Gay for which I thank her very much —— Soon after returnd on board —— from the bottom of my heart I dont beleve that ther is a Single Woman in all the place So hansom as my beloved Betsey if She Was her the[y] would Steal her from me but they must take first the last drop of my Blood before the[y] Should have her

Saterday the 11

after Break fast went on shore one the other side of the harbour wher the Town Stands with Capt Merideth wher we Staid Untill 2 oClock wher I did not See a Single white woman Except a feu Ugly Mollotues with whom we talk as well as we could —— on both Sides of the road the oranges and limes are the Same as the nuttes are in England —— on our Return on board found that Lieut Long had been on board with an order to discharge the following Women to the Charlott Viz Susanah Gought, Hannah Green, Francis Hart, Eliz Harvy, Mary Watkings and Ann Baighly the Six Very best Women we have in the Ship and to receive Six of the Worst from the Charlott which I dont think is right and I dont know what I shall doe now as well as the rest of use for the[y] are the only Women that can wash amonst them —— Received the following Women from the Charlott Viz Margt. Stuart, Fanny Anderson, Mary Phillips, Hanah Smith, Elizh. Cool, Ann Combs —— the doctor and I went on board the Alxd. to See Sharp and Balmain and John Johnson wher we staid Tea and Supper —— found them all well but they have been ill Since the[y] left Teneriff

Sunday the 12

drest and went on board the Lady Penryn to prayers wher Goe. Johnson and Wm. Collins would not let me Return but detaind me to dinner wher Major Ross dinner and Mr. Johnson the Clergyman and his wife wher Mr. Johnson Baptized one of the convict children —— Returned on board with Mr. & Mrs. Johnson wher he read prayers and after


  ― 37 ―
Service Baptized the Marines child that was born at Sea which was Named Thomas Russel —— Mr. & Mrs. Johnson Stayd Tea with use —— I was to have Return on board the Lady Penryn to Tea Majr. Ross Seem to be remarkable kind to me and ask me if I expectd Mrs. C: my beloved Alicia out —— I told him I did not he told me he did not know if Mrs. Ross would come out or not Yet —— Shall goe on board of the Sirius to Morrow and Wait on the commd. if the Weather will permit every body on board Seemd to Behave themselfs very well while Service was performing which I am very happy off —— the Tex on board the Lady Penryn was taking from the 107 Psalm be[gin]ning at the 23 Vers They that go down to the Sea in Ships and occupy their business in great Waters —— his Sermon on board of use Was taking from the [*]

Munday the 13

The Commondor and Majr. Ross came on board and gave orders to Capt Meridith (that from the bad behavour of the women on board of use and in all the Ships) that Since putting them in irons the[y] thought no punishment —— order capt. Meridith to flog them the Same as the Men when the[y] behaved ill which will not be long before Some of them are —— when he ask Capt. Meridith below in the cabin if he would try the women that wair in irons once more and if the[y] behaved ill to flog them which Capt. M: had no objections —— Soon after the comd. went Capt. M: order Elizh. Barbor, Elizh. Dudgeon, Elizh. Pully and Elizh. Thackery four convict women out of irons and also Wm. McNamera one of the convict Men —— the comd. ask Capt M and Self to dine with him to day —— drest and went at half after one with Capt. Meridith on board the Comd. to dinner —— Satt down to dinner with the Comd. Majr. Ross, Capt. Hunter, Capt. Collings, Capt. Meridith, Lieut King, Lieut Maxwell, Mr. Miller the comd. Sectary and Self and had a very good dinner —— we Staid Tea then Capt. M: and Self Went on board the Scarsborough to the See the Lads ther Wher Soon after Arundell came also on board —— there we Staid late and Arundell got tipsey which thank god I have not been (except on my Wedding day a little) Since I left my beloved Alicia

Tuesday the 14

Capt. M: and Faddy the doctor went on Shore Soon after Break fast I ask the Portaguese officer that is in the Guard Boat to Break fast with he came on board and drunk only one dish of Tea —— he can neather Speak English or French So we could not converse with one or the other but Satt like posts —— order came on board /for which See the


  ― 38 ―
orderly book to this date/ Balmain Surgeon of the Alexander and Sharp the Lieut of Marines came on board to See Me and Staid Supper

Wednessday the 15

Faddy went on board the Scarborough According to the orders of Yesterday from whence he after Wards went on Shore to the town as did the doctor and Capt. Meridith —— dreamt of Seeing my dear Tender Alicia at Mr. Kempster —— hope in Christ that ther is nothing the matter with her and our dear Sweet Boy —— oh my God the thought makes me the most Unhappy of Men living I trust in god for the Best and he I hope is my friend

Thursday the 16

I Soon after breakfast went a Shore with Capt. M: and the doctor and Staid all the day —— we walk up in the country and cald at Several houses but the[y] could not understand use —— we took Some bread and cheese with use which eat under a orange tree and afterward drunk Some lemonade —— the doctor and Capt. Meridith got tipsey after Supper —— Faddy and Self went to bed directly after Supper wher we left them making a great Noise —— Capt Shea and Lieut Davy from the Scarborought to See use —— the[y] went away directly after Supper —— Saw Majr. Ross, Capt. Camble and Lieut Geoe. Johnstone on Shore and the parsen and his Wife

Friday the 17

Capt M. went in his little boat a fishing he Soon after returnd to dinner —— Jo. Johnston from the Alexander came on board to See me and lent him two Vol: of Magazines —— I wanted him to Stay dinner but he would not —— gave yesterday to one of the convict women all my dirty Linnen to wash —— Lieut Long came on board with orders to release Tho. Catherall one of the Corps. whom I confined for neglect of duty and disobedience of order and for the remainder of the orders See the orderly book to this date —— a nasty rain day —— intend going a shore if it clears up

Saterday the 18

it raind all day Yesterday which prevented me going a Shore as I intended and it is much the Same Weather that we had Yesterday —— if it clears up will goe after dinner to See if I can get Some wood to make my a Small chest of drawers —— Capt. M: and the doctor gone in Capt. M: little boat a fishing —— not very well to day have caught coold and got a little Soreness in my throat —— a walk a Shore will I hope take it off —— this is very bad weather for my linnens —— I hope it will clear up and let them get dry —— after dinner Faddy and I went a shore in abay round the Nunnary to See if there wair any [*]


  ― 39 ―
to be had but the Surf ran So hight that we wair in great danger of lossing the boat and perhaps Some of use being drownd —— if it had not been for the Some portoguese Soldiers that wair on the Beetch that help use to hauld the boat up —— I was too much adgitated to think of [*] and how we should get of So that Faddy and Self got non thank God we got off better than I expected and with damage to the boat or the people in her except getting all of use very wett by the Sea breaking over use —— Majr. Ross and Lt. Long came on board before I went on Shore to ask what NonComd. officer went on Shore to See the fresh Beef wight —— my throat very Sore the doctor order me Some bark which I took a glass off before I went to bed

Sunday the 19

intended to have gone on board the Scarborough to prayers but all the boats wair from the Ship before I was drest —— Capt. M: and the doctor went on Shore —— Lieut Pouldon cald on board to See me but would not Stay dinner —— Mr. White came on board with him to Arundell —— Since I am disapointd of going on board the Scarborought will read the morning prayers and the Spalms for the day —— about 3 oClock went on Shore with Capt. M: and the doctor —— cald at the French mans that one the other Side of the harbour —— eat a few oranges —— it was late before we came on board —— think my throat is better to day

Munday the 20

the doctor and Capt. M: went on Shore Soon after break fast to the Town and I went on Shore by my Self one the other side of the harbour to collect Butterflys wher I caught a great number of beautiful one for my dear Belovd woman —— I wish that She was here with me now I would give all the World if I had it —— at a Gentlemans house wher I went in to rest my Self and ask for a few oranges my Tender beloved Alicias pictor Swung out of my Bosom When one of the Ladys ask me what it was and beg of me to let her See it which I did on her fathers promise that She Should return it me again —— on me opening the case wher all my Treauser that I have her with me was She Said that it was impossible that ther could be so much beauty on earth —— I told them that my betsey was much more So than the[y] had done her in the picter —— I was glade when it was Save in its little bag again for my heart flutter all the while that it was out of my hands —— lick a little Birds when the Scool Boys is handling its Young —— ther wair three Young Ladys in the House that I saw none of them so handsom as my dear adorable Alicia and like the Generalty of the Women her of a Mollotue coullour —— the[y] Wair all unVaild ——


  ― 40 ―
the[y] behaved remarkable Sival to me and Wanted me to Stay dinner but I would not it was very late before I got on board and was oblige then to beg a passage in one of Store Ships boats as our boat did not come on untill it was very late —— the[y] had just Sent her a way for me a little before I came on board —— I was very Glade I got off as I did for the portiguese think nothing of killing a man here no more than the[y] doe a dog in England —— Capt. M and the doctor kept it up again last night

Tuesday the 21

Lt. Long came on board to See if any of use wish to goe a Shore to the Viz Roys to pay our Respects to him with the Governour and Mjr. Ross it being the Prince of Brazill (the king of Portigals oldest Sons) Birth day —— Faddy and my Self declining going —— Capt. M: went wher he maid his bow —— got all most all my linnin irond to day —— gave the remainder to wash —— I am Sorry to See Capt. M. and Mr. F not on good terms for it is very disagreable for them and to See them not agree but I think Mr. F in the falt but he is to ack as he thinks proper —— I hope I will Quarl with non of them —— Capt. Shea and Kellow came on board and Faddy went on Shore with them to the Town —— Mr. Arundell and Self went on board of the Scarborough to See the doctor and Tom davy wher we Staid Tea —— the Capt. and Arundell keep it up again after Supper

Wednessday the 22

got early and Breakfast Soon to goe on Shore —— went on Shore a little before light with Capt M: and the doctor wher we Staid the whole day —— I got a few Butterflys and other Beautiful things for my dear Beloved Alicia my tender life —— to morrow is my little Ralphies Birth day when he inters in his third Year —— I hope god will give him grace and that he will follow the Steps of his Virtious mother —— god Bless and preserve her —— Keep her and our dear Sweet Boy in health and happiness is the most Sinceer prayer of my dear Beloved Betseys Fond husband and my dear tender engagin Boys father will goe and drink a glass of Lemonnade and Drink Both ther health and goe to Bed So God Bless them and I wish them a good night

Thursday Morning the 23

Returnd thanks to god for given me this day 2 Years my Beautifull and dear Beloved Son and preserving his good and most Virtious Mother —— god Send his mother and him manney happy Returns of this day —— what would I give to be now with them but I hope god well Bless them —— went on Board H.M:S Sirius to dine with Long wher I also Staid Tea and he wanted me to Stay Supper which I


  ― 41 ―
Refused on Account that I wish to come on board to drink my Ralphies and my Betseys —— god out of his great goodness Bless them their health is a boul of Punch So good night as I shall not be able to write more as it will be late before we break to night as I will make my Mess mates drunk if I can as I don't drink any thing but Lemonnade —— So god protect my much adorable and Beloved and most Sinceer Alicia and Son —— Capt. M: went on Shore to the Town in his little boat to See if he could get me a little fish for Supper but he could get none

Friday the 24

Keep the night up pretty well —— Capt. M: and Mr. F wair pretty well in for it —— the doctor would not drink on Account that Sarah Mc Cormick the Woman that was So ill before was again taking bad and that he did not exspect her to live untill morning —— doe what he will She cannot remain long in this World for She is nothing but a Mess of corruption eat up with the pox —— Capt. M: went a Shore in his little boat and Staid all day —— the doctor and Self went a Shore after dinner and Staid untill evening then went on board Alexander wher we staid untill eight oClock and eat a little ham and drank a little wine and water —— Capt. M: keept it up again —— in my oppinion he is doing very wrong —— thank God I have not been but only twise Since I left my beloved betsey and then I was but very little —— the doctor and Self went on Shore after dinner for a Walk and afterwards went on board the Alexander wher we staid untill 8 oClock

Saterday 25

Capt M. and Mr. F. went on Shore and staid all day —— the doctor went on Shore to fetch two people to dinner, one a Frenchman, the other a portague —— Mr. Consident Surgeon of the Scarborough Came on board ask him to Stay dinner which he did

Sunday the 26

went on Shore after dinner with Capt. M: and got a Some cotton pods and bought Some Bananahs for my Self

Munday the 27

Capt. M: went on Shore with Capt. Shea —— went on board the Scarborough with Arundell and lent Mr. Consident 5½ lb of Soap untill he gets to the Cape of Good Hope —— Mr. Consident came on board —— Arundel and Faddy went on Shore with him.

Tuesday the 28

Capt. M: and Mr. F and the doctor went on Shore befor Eight oClock this morning and Staid all day —— Capt Shea and davy came on board to take me on board to dinner with them —— could not goe —— Nobody


  ― 42 ―
been on board but my self was employ all day in writting to my dear Tender Beloved Betsey —— Shall [do so]note again to morrow god Bless her —— I wonder what has made me dream for these Serevel night past a bout Majr. Lidsay —— dreamt of being home and at Kempsters

Wednessday the 29

wrot all most the Best part of this day to my lovely wife after going on board the Charlott with Capt M: to a court Martial of James Baker a Privat Marinenote

Thursday the 30

intended to have gone on Shore in the afternoon with Capt Mer. but it raind all day —— Balmain came on board after dinner and Staid Tea and Supper with use —— Capt. M got very much in for it as did Mr. Faddy and the doctor —— the[y] may goe on it will not last long

Friday the 31

went on board of the commondore to Majr. Ross to enquir for what reason the commodor meant to open my letter which I intended to Send home to my Beloved Alicia —— Majr. Ross was Quit Surprised What I told him and ask me wher I got my information —— I told him from Mr. Faddy who had it from the Surgeon general —— the Majr. told the Commodor was not on board now but that he would acquaint him with it and desired Mr. F and the doctor to Stay on board —— was Sent for after dinner With Mr. F and the doctor to come on board the Sirius —— went and ther the[y] Related the Same as the[y] had to me which made me make Such an enquiry of Majr. Ross before the Surgeon General which he Said had but he ment it only in Jock —— the comr. was very angry with him for Saying So and by me not to think that he had ever Said So for that never Such an ungenerous thought had ever come in to his thoughts

SEPT 1787

Saterday Sept. the 1st.

finishd my letter to my Betsey and Kempster and Reynold —— thank god ther is a conveyance to Send them —— hope that the[y] will come Save —— oh my Alicia I hope you will get yours save

Sunday the 2d.

did not Sail as was exspected —— Sat down a wrot a few lines more to my Alicia my Love my wife —— god Bless her and my Son —— Capt. M and the doctor went on Shore this morning and did not Return untill late in the Evening —— Faddy has been very bad all night and all day —— doctor Johnson came on board in the afternoon and Read prayers and gave use a very good Sermon —— went on board the Scarborough to See Shea was very ill but found that he had gone on Shore against all advice —— found ther Creswell and J Johnston and the Same thing —— Sent my letters on board the Sirius




  ― 43 ―

Monday 3

went on Shore early in the morning with T Davey, Creswell and Consident wher we Staid all day wher I bought tuo Bunches of Bananas for my Self and 16 cabages for the mess —— Brought on board Several Young orange Trees coffy and Bananas to carry to botany bay —— caught a few Butterflys for my Betsey —— dined on board the Scarsborough then Returned on board wher I found the doctor and faddy in bed who is much the Same —— Capt. M went on Shore after dinner wher he Staid late

Tuesday the 4

got under way and Stod out of the harbour with the whol fleet —— the fort Saluted the Comd. with which he Returned with 21 Guns —— a large Ship standing in to Rio Janeiro —— very little wind

Wednessday the 5

Still very little wind —— a little Sea Sick —— Capt M. and the doctor had Some words a bout Some wood —— the doctor told the Capt. that he did not behave like a Gentleman on which the Capt. Struck him which the doctor did not Return —— I order them both to be Quit or I would confin them both So ther the matter Stands —— have Seen two friend fals out a bout a Small pice of Wood —— So ends Wednessday night

Thursday the 6

a good Breeze all night —— dreamt of being Returned home from Botany bay and that I had march the party into Barracks (I wish to god it was trew) wher I thought I Saw Kempster in his office wher he Said that he was Just writing a letter to me —— I hope to have one from him when I come at the Cape —— I wish that I could bring the Doctor and Meredith to be good friends again —— Latte. ob in to day [*]

Friday the 7

a good Breeze all night —— dreamt of Seing my Betsey my Beloved Alicia in her faverout gown and a New Gaunce cap on, also of being with Mr. Hartwell for money but did not get any —— I hope ther is nothing the matter with her or my dear Son —— Latte. 25:40

Saterday the 8

very much frightend in the night by the Ships being taking al a back in a very hard Squal of wind and rain —— it raind all night and lightend very hard —— dreamt of being at home and that I was Engaged to dine on Monday with Kemp. at Bedlakes —— I trust in god that ther is nothing the matter with my dear alicia or Son for I have often herd her Say that dreaming of Meat was a Sing of Sickness —— I hope in christ it is not So —— I am very happy that I have made Capt. M: and Mr. A:


  ― 44 ―
good friends again to day —— all the fleet in company —— Latte. to day no observation —— So ends Saterday Night

Sunday the 9

dreamt of being in holland and I thought that Mrs. Hanse and I wair eating Greaps and that She order me to take a hors and Ride Exspress to Some place —— perhaps She is dead and has left me some thing Worth —— I hope She has then how happy will my Betsey be very happy I know indeed —— all the fleet in company but the most of them a great way a Stairn —— the[y] made the Signal at 8 oClock this morning (a Red flag at the Mizen Peak) for the Ships a Stairn to make more Sail —— Latte. ob in to day 26. South —— the convict women Read prayer and Sang Spalms to themself —— I Read the prayers of the day and Spalms for the day —— was taking very bad at dinner with the tooth ack and Still very ill with it —— the Comr. made the Signal (a Blue flag at the fore Top G. M:head) for the fleet to close —— So ends Sunday Evening

Munday the 10

was very ill all night with the tooth ack —— dream Some thing a bout Aunt Hawkings but what I dont reollect —— thank God the pain of my tooth is gone but will have it out when I come at the Cape by Mr. Consident Since our doctor has no instrument for it —— at ½ after 5 in the Evening the Comr. made the Signal (a Blue flag at the F.T.G M) for the fleet to close he a great way to Leward —— Saw a great [number?] of Birds cald albetrosses —— Latte. in to day 25..58 —— the Comr. made the Signal (a English Jack at the FT:G:M Head) to the fleet to Tack

Tuesday the 11

blow very hard in the night and dose Still with a great Sea —— got no sleep all night bein Slung to low —— was obliged to get out and lay on the deck —— the comd. made the Signal (a Blue flag at the F:T:G:M:H) for the fleet to close —— Latte. in to day 27:5 South —— Sick on board 1 Seaman, 3 men Convicts and 3 women dito but none very bad the children mostly ill only Sea Sick —— dreamt that I was going to dance with Mrs. Faddy —— I hope that She is living for her husband and Young family —— Still blows hard with a great Sea —— So end this day

Wednessday the 12

Sleep much better than the night before —— had my own cott Slung —— dreamt of going on board to the Rev Mr. Johnson but could not See him also that a great many came on board a Ship in homage to dine with me I thought Munday, Kempster and a great many more then I thought that I was walking with my Betsey from Efford to Bulkland


  ― 45 ―
Town and that it raind very hard all the way Mary Ann and Jemaima wair with use —— I hope in Christ that my beloved Betsey and Son are well —— I wish to God that I could heer from her and that She mentioned that that She and Ralphe wair Both well then I should be as happy as my absents from them would admitt —— god out of his great goodness Bless them both, dear Beautiful pair how much I dearly love You both —— god only knows how much I doe —— It [blew hard] all night and still blows very hard with a great Sea running with at times Shours of rain —— all the fleet in company —— Latte. obs. in to day 28:42: South —— Sick the Same as Yesterday getting all well fast as the[y] well can —— So ends Wednesday Evening

Thursday the 13

blowd hard all night with a great Sea but thank god the wind is fair raind all most all this day and the Ship rouls very much —— had no observation to day —— all the Ship in company —— the Sick the Same a Yesterday —— gave william an old red Jackatt been gone so bad that I could not wear it any more —— it Still blows hard —— So end this day

Friday the 14

Sleep better last night than any night Since we left Rio de Janario —— very little wind all day —— all the fleet in Sight but the Lady Penryn a great way a Stairn —— dreamt of Quarling with Mr. Bexly —— observation to day 30:30 South —— come I hope we will be at the cape in 14 or 18 days wher I hope to find a letter from my Beloved Alicia god grant that I may —— Water Issued out to day for all hands on board 133 Gallons and one Quart —— gave Mrs. Young one of the Sergt. wives Some Tea She having non —— So ends this Evening

Saterday the 15

very little all night —— the doctor was cald up twice to goe to people that wair taking ill but the[y] are Both got well again —— all the fleet in company —— the comr. made the agents Signal to speak him —— the comr. made the Signal (a French Jack at the Mizen Peak) to the fleet to come in the Weak of the Sirius —— the agent made the Signal at 11 oClock (a Yellow Flag at the Main Top G.M H) for all masters —— hoisted out our Jolly Boat and the Master went on board the Fisbourn the agent Ship and Soon after returnd to See what quantity of rice ther was on board which was the purpose of the Signal —— the Master went on board to the agent again to inform him and return a little before 12 oClock and informd me that the master of the Lady Penryn informd him that Capt. Campble was a little better —— hoisted the Boat in and made Sial after Sirius —— Latte. in to day 30:27S —— the Sirius Boat


  ― 46 ―
came on board after dinner with orders to Capt M: for which See the orderly Book —— the Master of the Ship killed a large hogg and Sent use the Loyn —— calm allmost all day —— So ends this day —— the comr. md. the Sigl. to See the Longd. being too far of could not See what it was ——

Sunday the 16

Sat up untill 2 oClock this morning Singing and drinking Capt M: Mr. F: and the doctor got a little in for it with drinking Punch —— I drank nothing but Lemonnade —— Sleep but very little —— got up early and after Returning thanks to god kist my beloved alicias pictournote and looks at it I being Sure took the Ribon from of my neck it being a little worn made it more Save than it was —— read the morning Service and Spalm for the day —— put clean sheets in my bed —— hope that I will Sleep well to night —— I wish that my betsey was going to Sleep with —— how dearly I would hugg and kiss her dear Sweet Woman god Bless and preserve her is my most Sinceer wish as that of my tender Boy —— I think that I See him troting over the parade and william after him —— dr. heavenly Boy Bless him and his good mother —— Latte. in to day 30:49 S —— So ends this day

Munday the 17

was very ill all night with the Tooth ackt got no sleep with the pain —— a very fine Breeze and the wind fair —— Sat down and wrote the different order in my orderly Book that have been Issued out Since the 2 of Last month —— Latte. in to day 31: South —— that are this day on board 1 Seaman and three Women convicts and the[y] are getting well as fast as possible —— So ends this day

Tuesday the 18

it raind very hard all last night with a strong wind but fair —— dreamt of being with my Alicia and also of Seing Reynolds but what it was I dont recollect —— the fleet all in company but Several of the Ships a great Way a stairn —— it rains very hard —— the comr. made the Signal (a red flag at the Mizen Peak) for the Strenmost Ship to make more Sail —— the Supply repeated the Signal —— at 11 oClock the Supply repeated the Signal again with a Gun —— it been very thick and rainy had no observation to day but went 140 miles Since Yesterday 12 oClock untill to day at the Same hour —— So end this day

Wednessday the 19

dreamt last night of being home with my betsey and thought that Reynolds, Billy white wair to dine with me and a great many more —— I hope in christ that there is nothing the matter with my beloved or Son for my Alicia has often Said that dreaming of meat was a Sign of Sickness


  ― 47 ―
I hope it is not So —— a great Sea a good Stiff Breze —— all the fleet in company —— the Charlott hove all a back to day —— I hope that nobody has fallen over board —— the Weather been thick and with Small rain could have no observation to day —— only three Women and one Seaman Sick —— the [sea] Brock in the Ship this afternoon a wetted Several of the People Particular the Convict women as it went down ther place

Thursday the 20

Still exceedingly cold —— a great Sea and a fresh of wind all night —— at nine this morning the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to close (a Blue flag at the M:TG:MH) all the Ship in Sight —— the Lady Penrhyn a great way a Stairn —— Latte. in to day by observation 31:48 South —— was Exceedingly cold all night must put the under Blanket a top to night —— the Sick the Same as before —— So ends this day

Friday the 21

dreamt of Several thing and cryd very much in my Sleep on account I thought that two men had taking my belovd Alicia a Way —— oh that I only could heer from her —— how happy it would make me to be informed that She and my Son are well —— a fine Breeze not so cold as it was yesterday and has been for these Several days past —— the comr. tack Ship about 11 oClock last night is come a gainst use a foull as it can blow —— this day a bout 5 oClock the Sun crosses the line and comes in this part of the World —— I hope we will have no blowing Weather as in General there is when the Sun get in the Northward Quarter and Returns the Southward Quarter of the world —— Latte. in to day by observation 31:56 South —— all the Ship in company

Saterday the 22d.

was much disturb in my Sleep by dreaming that my Betsey was dead and Buired —— oh my God how I wish to Know how my beloved is —— I also thought that my Betsey and Self Wair at Aunt Hawkings and that Aunt was very Angry with with my Alicia for dirtying her house —— I hope ther is nothing the matter with her or family good Woman —— the comr. Tack Shipt last night once at 10 and the other at 11 oClock a good Breeze and a little more fair than Yesterday —— all the Ship in company —— the Comr. made the Signal (a Blue flag at the F:T:G: M:H:) for the Ships to get in to ther Stactions —— Latte obs. to day 32:59 South —— the Sick the Same a Yesterday —— one of the Convict Carpenters made me a little Book —— blows now very hard

Sunday the 23th.

the doctor, Capt. M and Mr. Faddy keep it up last night —— I went Bed directly after Supper —— could get no Sleep with dreaming about


  ― 48 ―
my dear and tender Beloved Alicia —— I thought that I Saw her in her old Black Silk gown and close up in a Room in the Barracks and that my lovely Woman had been crying —— She Said to my She thought that I had been gone —— I gave her a Kiss although in Sleep it appeard to be a dear Sweet Kiss —— god out his great goodness grant that ther may be nothing the matter with her or my dear Son —— also dreamt that Mr. Faddy and Self wair order on board the the Princ of Wales in the room of Maxwell and Timins I hope not —— it blows very hard much harder than it has Since we have Been at Sea —— the Sea Brock over use Several Times to day —— had no observation —— although it blows so hard the wind is fair which is one good thing —— dined with Capt. Walten to day on roasted Pig —— made a most harty dinner —— it Still blows hard and I am affraid that it will blow harder —— this is the Equinoctial gale —— read the Service for the day and the Spalms and kist my Beautifull Alicias Pictor out of its little Bag this morning ten thousand times it being Sunday —— I hope that She is So well as I wish her dear heavenly woman then She wants for nothing —— So god Bless her this day and the Grace of God attend her for ever is the most ardent wish for her fond husband Ralph Clark —— Battend the hatches down of the Marines and convict women the Sea Breaking over the Ship

Munday the 24

not So much wind as ther was Yesterday but still Blows hard —— all the Ships in company —— went soon to bed last night as I had but little Sleep the night Before from the noise the[y] made —— Latte. by observation 34:06 South —— it blows now very hard 5 in the Evening and the Ship rouls very much

Tuesday the 25

it blowd very hard all night and the Ship rould her Gunwale under Several times and a great dele of water went between decks and washt the marines out of ther beds and the Convict Women all the thing rouling about —— thank god that the wind is fair and is going right before it other wise Should be in my bed very Sick perhaps —— all the ships in Company —— it now Blows very hard and a great dele of hail falls as it did last night —— no observation to day —— the Sick the Same as before except one convict man more —— went Since Yesterday 12 oClock untill to day noon 133 miles

Wednesday the 26

less wind than we had Yesterday and the Sea gone down very much —— all the Ships in company —— I wish that this wind may continue for ten days more —— I hope that we will be at the cape —— it still blows


  ― 49 ―
pretty fresh at times with Shours of rain and hail —— Latte. in to day by observation 34:22 South —— the Wether begines to grow more warm again —— went by the Log Since Yesterday and having no more than our two top Sails close furld went in the 24 hours 183 miles —— not bad going —— I like our little Barcky very much would not change for any one in the fleet

Thursday the 27

Still a great Sea and wind but still fair —— one of the marines fell down on the deck with the Ship rolling and hurt him self very much —— Latte. in to day 34:22 South —— went Since Yesterday by the Log 137 m —— all the Ships in company and very well up —— So ends this day

Friday the 28

it blow very hard in the night —— dreamt of being with my beloved Alicia but dont Recollect wher or what it was about —— dreamt also of being with Kempster and I thought that I took him in my Arms and kist him —— Munday and Reynolds was with him —— I soon after Waked —— oh that I could heer from my tender Alicia I would be much more content than I am and her that She and my Boy are well —— I never since I was born long so much for any thing as I do for a letter from my dear Betsey —— it blows still very hard and a great Sea but thank God the wind is fair —— had no obervation to day —— the Weather been thick but went Since Yesterday 12 oClock untill to day dito 188 miles —— not bad going —— five days more such will carry use to the Cape —— the Doctor and F: and Capt. M: kept it up last night

Saterday the 29

the doctor was cald up to see one of the Convict womens children which was very ill and has been almost ever Since it has been on board —— it depart this life at 2 oClock this morning poor thing it is much better out of this World than in itnote —— the wind came round from the S:W: to the S:E: and blow very hard in the night which it dose at present —— the S:E: is the worst wind that can blow for use —— all the fleet in Sight but all a great way to Leward except the Sirius, little Brig Scarborought and Self —— the comr. made the Signall at 8 this morning for the fleet to close /a Blue Flag at the F T: G M.H/ at ½ after 9 committed the Body of Thomas Mason to the deep —— Henry Lovall one of the convicts read prayers over it —— it now /11 oClock/ blows very hard and a very great Sea running which often breaks over the Ship —— dreamt again last night of Kempster —— hope there is nothing the matter with him —— I thought that him and I wair walking


  ― 50 ―
that we came to a mill where I lost him —— I should be very Sorry if any thing should goe wrong with him or his family —— had no observation this day —— a great number of Albetrosses, pintarneys and other Birds a bout the ship also a great number of porpusous —— Capt. Walton kild his Bore this afternoon and sent use a Loin of it —— I never lived so poor in my life as we doe at this time —— nothing every day except Salt Beef or Salt Pork —— thank God we have got Some Rice in the mess otherwise I would Starve for I dont like Salt pork and Beef every day —— So ends Saterday Evening

Sunday the 30

ther was very little wind all night and it is now quit calm —— all the Ship in Sight but the[y] are very much Scattered —— this being Sunday kist my dear Beloved Alicia pictour out of its prison —— God Bless her Sweet woman and my dear heavenly Boy —— I hope that he will grow after his Lovely mother —— read the prayers and Spalms and lesson for the day —— Latte. in to day 33:45 South —— Sick on board only one Seaman and who will be well in the course of 3 or four days —— how good the Lord has been to use to keep use So healthy as we have been —— at 1 oClock the comr. made the Signal for to come and See the Longatude /a whit pendent at the Ensing Staf/ the Longd. was 3:4 —— Soon after he made the Signal for the fleet to close (a Blue flag at the F:T:G: M H) at ½ after one he made the Signal for the fleet to make more Sail /a red and white flag at the M:T:G:M:H:/ Soon after he made the Fisbourn and Charlots Signal to make more Sail the Charlots (a whit pendent at the M:T:M H) and the Fisbourns a red at the F T:MH —— a little Breez has sprung up Since noon from the N:E: —— I wish ther was more of it —— Capt. Meridith lost his dog Shot over board last night —— This is now the 5th. dog that has been lost over board Since we left England —— Capt. M 3 Mr. Faddy one and my Self one —— we have been very unluckly with our dogs —— thank god that ther is a very fine Breeze again and fair —— So ends this day of the Lords

OCT 1787

Munday October the 1st.

went to bed last night at 9 oClock but could not get any Sleep for Capt. M: and the doctor Sat up untill past 1 oClock in the morning drinking and was Exceedingly hurt for the[y] keep Signing althoug it was the Lords day which was very wrong of them —— they would not let Faddy and self Sleep because we would Sit up with them and make a Noise and break the Lords day like the[y] —— this bein October I hope as we have a fair wind that we will be at the Cape in the course of a few day —— the comd. make the Boroughdales Signal to keep near him he being a great way to Windward of him —— it is a very fine morning


  ― 51 ―
and Blows a good Stiff Breeze —— we goe 7 knots a hour —— all the fleet in Sight —— at bout ten oClock it came on a havey Squal of Rain and brought the wind on the Stabord Quarter which is still a very fair wind for use but ther is not So much of it as ther was a few hours agoe —— no obsert. to day —— have got a very great cold in my head

Tuesday the 2d.

went to bed last night very bad with the cold and pain in my head and in all my bonses —— Still very bad with pains all over my body and head —— this is a very fine day but little wind and that little ther is of it is fair thank God —— I wish that I was better —— hope to get a good sweat to night and that I trust will carry it off —— Latte. in to day by observation 33.8 South —— nobody Sick on board Except my self and the Seaman that has been So Long ill before —— hope we will both get better with the Blessing of god in a few days —— dreamt being at the Island of Whight eating appels —— I wish to god that I had some —— if I was at home with my tender dear heavenly Beloved Alicia She would give me some dear Soul —— I wish that I know how She was I would be soon a great dele Better —— how happy I shall be when I Recieve a letter from her hand —— I will kiss and press it to my poor Breast —— I shall be much disapointed if I dont Recieve a letter from her at the Cape —— I wish that we had got ther —— a calm the latter part of this day

Wednesday the 3

thank God I am to day a great dele better than I was Yesterday —— dreamt of Kempster and also of my Beloved Alicia —— I thought that I Saw her and my dear little Boy also old Nonny then again I thought that my Alicia and I Wair at the Crab Tree Turnpike house with Some others and my Betsey Was making Tea and I was Standing by her and She told me that I had been letting a pup pu —— dear Sweet Soul how I long to Know how She is for I am affraid that ther is Some thing the matter with her or my Beloved from the dreams but I must now hope in God that ther is not —— little wind all this last night and this day —— had no observation —— all the Ships in company —— two of the convict Women that went throu the Bulk head to the Seamen on the 3 of July last have inform the doctor that they are with child (Sarah McCormick and Elizh. Pully) I hope the comr. will make the two Seamen that are the Fathers of the children marrie them and make them stay at Botany Bay —— it has been a very fine Pleasent day —— it begins to grow Warmer every day —— I wish that we had got to Botany and my three Years out that I might Return to the arms of my tender Betsey —— oh my God how much I love her my pen is not able to put on paper




  ― 52 ―

Thursday the 4

very little wind all last night and that little not fair —— all the fleet in company —— the wind came a little more aft about 12 oClock —— had no obersation it raind about 12 —— half after Spocke the Scarborough informing use that the[y] wair all well —— my cold thank God much better —— at Six oClock this Evening the Comr. made the Signal for the fleet close /a Blue Flag at the F:T:GMH:/ So ends this day

Friday the 5

all last night a calm with hard rain —— dreamt again of being home and that I Saw my dr Boy —— hope he is well —— a nasty day Small rain with a thick fog —— cannot See any of the fleet at this time 12 oClock but the[y] wair all in Sight this morning —— had no observation —— my cold all most gone —— no body Sick on board

Saterday the 6

got but little Sleep last night and did nothing but dream of being with my dear Beloved wife —— I thought that I met her and Mrs. Copland in a field walking and thought that my Alicia Said that She would not part from me but would live with me and She gave me a Kiss and Sweet it was although only in a dream after which we walked for some time and then a weakednote —— oh my God what it is to love So much as I Sinceerly doe my Betsey Alicia althought it is a happiness it is also gives me much pain but I trust in God that when I Return to her my happiness which I then Shall enjoy in her company will Repay me for the pain that I now Suffer in being absent from her —— got up early this morning for I could not Sleep —— ther is little wind as ther has been all night much the Same kind of day as Yesterday —— all the Squadron in company —— about half after ten this morning the Supply haild use and Lieut Ball informd use that we must be very particular Respecting our lights and to hang a curtan in the Cabin windows as the fleet had been led a stray a few nights agoe by the prince of Wales light in the cabin —— ask use how we wair on board —— he then haild the Scarborought and Repeated the Same to them —— Saw Capt. Shea and found him and all the Rest on board Scarborough very well —— as I Said on Wednessday the 19 of last month that I was afraid that the Charlot had lost a man over board which She did as we found to day by the Supply —— Latte. by observation to day 36–19 South —— this wind is driving use father to the Southward than we Wont to goe —— ½ 12 oClock the Alexander made the Signal to speak the comr. /a English pendent at the FT:M:H/ the Comr. hoisted out his boat and Sent on board the Alexander and Return with Some Seamen of the Alexander in her whome I Believe wair flog for misbehavour —— the Comr. Made the Signal for the fleet to come in the Weak of the Sirius /a Whit flag at the Mizen Peak/ at


  ― 53 ―
one oClock the Comr. made the Fisbourns Signal /a whit pendent at the F.T.G.M.H./ at 4 oClock PM. he made the Charlots Signal to get into her Station —— at ½ after 5 oClock he made the Charlots Signal to [get] into the Weak of the Sirius both which Signals I dont think Wair Seen on board the Charlot as She did not answer them —— the Supply then made Sail and Staid under the Comr. Stairn and then made Sail again I Suppose to Speak the Charlot as she did not answer the Signal —— I wish that the wind would come fair for it blows from the very point that we wont to goe /East/ —— God Bless my love and our Sweet Plege of Love I wish them a good night —— I almost for got to mention that Elizh. Pugh and Rachel Harley wair put in leg Irons to gether —— the former for Quarling and dirtyness and the latter for theft and dirtyness

Sunday the 7

Satt up late last night as the Capt. Mr. F and the doctor keep it up last night —— this been Sunday kist my Alicia as usal on this day —— a very fine day but little wind and that little not fair —— all the Ship in company —— read the morning prayer Spalm and lesson for the day —— Latte obser. in to day 36:48 South a great way to S:Ward

Munday the 8

dreamt last night much about my Alicia and Mrs. Kempster I hope that they are all well —— a fine day with a fair wind but very little of it —— Nobody Sick have got Quit free from my cold thank God for it —— Latte. obser in to day 36:53 South —— all the Ships in company —— made a duty roster for the Subt. of the Detachment So that the Adjt. may put me on duty out of my turns —— Spoke the Scarborough who informed use that the Charlot was very Sickly and that it was one of the convicts that She lost over board the 19 of last month that the Alexander was very Sickly having 13 Marines Sick —— it was two men the Alexander Sent on board the Comr. the Comr. /Seamen/ and that the Lady Penryn was very healthy having only one Sick —— Spok to Thos. Davey the[y] are all well been very healthy on board Scarborough thank God that we are so healthy as we are he is very good to use and much we ought to thank him —— it gives me very great concern to think that the marines are getting So Sickly our only dependence is on the few that we have to defend use from the convicts and Natives

Tuesday the 9

dreamt last night that I Saw Reynolds in a Boat that he was weaving his hatt to me poor fellow I hope that ther is nothing the matter with him —— a very fine day and a fair wind thank God for it —— all the Ships


  ― 54 ―
in company —— Latte. ob: in to day 36.28S: —— I hope if this continous to be at the cape by Saterday then for a letter from my Beloved Alicia Sweet thought —— Spoke the Fisburn this this afternoon the[y] wair all well who informed use that the comr. Longt. was 8 odd East

Wednesday the 10

dreamt that I Saw my Beloved Alicia in her Riding habit hope and wish to God that She was here —— I did not care if She was in her Shift I would put Breechess and Waiscoat on her —— Latte. in to day 35:23 South —— went by the Log Since Yesterday noon untill to day dito 145 miles —— hope the wind will Stand and in the Same Quarter then we will be at the Cape by Saterday —— all the Ships in company

Thursday the 11

dreamt last night of Seing my dear Beloved Alicia again in Bed and I thought that I puld her towards me —— dreamt also that I thought that I was at Musselburgh and that the General Gave me a letter from Some Body which he Received inclosed in one that he Received and it mentioned 20 Guineas —— I Suppose it is Sir Wm. Forbes —— I wish to God that that was paid and a great many other then I should be much happier than I am or would be my Beloved dear Beloved —— all the Ships in company —— Latt observd to day 34:52 South —— at one oClock the Comr. made the Signal for to See the Longatude which was 15:40 East which if we have any luck we shall See the Cape to morrow being only 106 miles from it —— the doctor mett with a great lost this afternoon one of the convict women whome he gave Some thing to wash for him Said that She lost Seven pair of Stocking over board but I am apt to think that the[y] are not over board but that Some of the other Women have Stole them which is my oppinion for ther wair never a greater number of D….d B……s in one place as ther is in this Ship —— if the[y] wair to loose any thing of mine that I gave them to wash I would cut them to pices —— the Comr. made the Supply's Signal to come within hail at ½ after 3 oClock She went a head I Suppose to make the land —— Elizh. Pugh who was put in irons the 6 of this month with Rachell Harley for Quarling and dirtyness the doctor reported her very ill and wished her to be put out of Irons untill She has got better —— She was Accordingly put out but the Chain still remain one the other —— So ends this day

Friday the 12

dreamt of being with Mrs. Hume all night —— let her pay the Same to Sir Wm. Forbes and Remitt the Remaindr of the money She detains from me to my Alicia which She ought to doe —— all the Ships in company —— the Prince of Wales a great Way to L:Ward —— I am affraid


  ― 55 ―
that we Shall not See the land to day much more get to ane Anchor as the wind is come Quite against use —— ½ after 11 oClock the Comr. made the Prince of Wales Signal to Tack and come into the fleet —— Latte. obs. to day 34:26 South —— at 1 P:M: the Comr. made a Signal (a Blue Flag with a white cross at the Mizen Peak) which Was Answerd by the Supply and She Soon after made Sail and went a head which I Suppose was for that purpose —— at 5 P:M the Comr. made the Signal for the fleet to close —— the Supply a great Way a head —— a very Beautiful Evening —— a ½ after Six the Comr. made again the Signal for the the Ships to close which was on Account of the Boroughdales going too fare a head —— I hope we will get into Harbour to morrow for I long to See if ther is any letter at the Cape for me from my Alicia whome I wish and our dear little Boy a good night and God Bless them —— So ends this day

Saterday the 13

dreamt of Adjt. Martine being Blooded and dead —— all the Ships in company, the Supply Brig a great Way a head —— a bout Seven oclock the Supply made the Signal for Seeing the Land /hoisting her Ensing/ a bout 10 oClock Saw the Land on both Bows at one oclock Saw the land very plain which is very Hight land —— at 3 oClock Keep running a long shore at about the distance of Six miles from the Shore —— the comr. a great way a head —— the land very hight on the top of the Sugar loaf a flag flying and at the distance of Six mils from the Sugar loaf a nother flag which I Believe to be Signals to the Governour —— came to ane Anchor at half past 3 oclock and found riding heer one Dutch Sloop of War, Dutch Eastindiaman 1 and two French Eastindiamen —— the Town appear very pretty from wher we lay but very little wood and the hills very hight

Sunday the 14

got up early —— this being Sunday Kist my dear Alicia pictour out of the case —— Lieut Long and Fuzer came on board with order book —— once the comr. Sectary came onboard also had a [Search]note for the doctors Stocking a monst the convict women but could not find them —— Lieut Kellow came onboard to See use but did not See him being bellow looking amonst the women for the doctors Stockings when he was on board —— the Signal was hoisted for the Boats to goe on Shore if they please —— the comr. Saluted this morning the [*] and with [*] Guns which it Returnd with [*] Guns —— went on board the Scarborought with Mr. Faddy to have my tooth drawn but could not ther being a great dele of company on board there —— Staid very late Mr. F got very much in licour then came on board wher he begane to abuse me in a very Publick manner to Capt. Meridith as ane officer and Gentleman for which I have wrot a letter on Service to Capt. M: beggin of him to apply for a General court Martial on me to investigate wher in


  ― 56 ―
I have acted in any manner unbecoming the character of the officer and Gentleman for which See the letter Book,note Sunday 12 oClock at night

Munday the 15

gave the letter to Capt. M: which I wrot last night which he Said he would carry to on board to Major Ross but Major Ross coming on board he gave it him heer then told me that he could not give ane order for a General Court Martial but wished that we would Setteled it amonst our Selfes which I told him I could not think off —— he then Said that if I wished he would order Some Gentlemen to inquir into the grounds of my letter and that I might name them also if I wishs it —— I told him I did not wish that Lt. Fuzer came on board with him —— a large Dutch ship came in last night —— it raind and Blow Very hard last night —— I am Sorry to find that ther has been no Ship heer from England Since April last So that I am much disapointed in not finding a letter heer from my dear Alicia —— wrot a letter on Service to Lieut & Adjt. Long for which See the letter Booknote —— Mr. Consident came on board after dinner to drink Tea with use —— Mr. Faddy is very Sick after his lasts nights behavour —— he thinks to make me believe that he did not know what he Said but I am not to be put on that way —— I went on board the Alexander after Tea to Speak to Lieut John Johnstone but he was not on board found only Shearp, Balmain and Lieut Maxwell of the Sirius —— Capt. Shea and Lieut Kellow came on board and Staid a few moment with use then went on Shore

Tuesday the 16

Capt. Meridith went on Shore this morning to Breakfast with the Commadore and Mr. F —— went on board the Scarborought soon after Breakfast —— thank God that I have got my wish that I am to remain in Capt. Meridiths company with Lieuts. Davey and Timins but cannot tell as Yet with whome I shall be in a Markee in Short I dont much carre with whome it is with I shall make my self as happy as I possible can from my dear wife and Son —— Mr. F came on board and Soon after asked me leave to goe out of the Ship again which I did not Refuse him —— he went out to dinner —— Lieut J: Johnstone came on board to See me he Staid dinner with me as did Capt. M who returnd from the Shore who informed me that Majr. Ross had told him to inform me that the officers would Assemble on board this Ship to morrow Morning at ten oClock to enquir into my letter to Capt. Meridith —— the Fort Saluted the Dutch Sloop of war with 15 Guns who Returnd the Salute with the same number of Guns —— She got under Way and Sails for Batavia




  ― 57 ―

15

for a General Court Martial but wishd that we would Setteld it amonst our Selves which I told him I could not think off —— he then Said that if I wished he would order So manny Gentlemen to enquir into the Grounds of my letter and that I might name them also —— I told him I did not wish that Lieut Fuzer come on board with him —— a large Dutch Ship came in last night —— it raind and Blow very hard last night —— I am Sorry to find that there has been no Ship heer from England Since April last So that I am much dispointed in not finding a letter heer from my Dear Alicia —— wrot a letter on Service to Lt & Adjt. Long for which See the letter Book —— Mr. Consident came on board after dinner to drinke tea with use —— Mr. Faddy is very Sick after his last nights bout —— went on board the Alexander after tea to Speak to Lieut John Johnstone but he was not on board —— found only Sharp Balmain and Lieut Maxwell of the Sirius —— Capt. Shea and Lt. Kellow came on board and Staid a few moment with use then went on Shorenote

Tuesday the 16

Capt. Merideth went on Shore this morning to Breackfast with the Commadore and Mr. F went on board the Scarborough Soon after breakfast —— I have got my wish to find that I am appointed to Capt. Meridiths company with Lieuts. Davey and Timmins but Cannot tell as Yet with whome I shall be in a Markee in Short I dont much carre whoe it is with, I shall make my Self as happy as possible —— Mr. F came on board and Soon after went again on board the Scarborough to dinner —— Lieut J Johnstone came on board to See me he Staid dinner —— Capt. M came on board to dinner and informed that Major Ross had told him to inform me that the officers would Assemble on board this Ship to morrow morning at ten oClock to enquir into my letter to Capt. Meridith —— the fort Saluted the Dutch Sloop of War with 15 Guns Who Saild for this to Batavia —— She Returned the Salute with the Same Number†

Wednesday the 17

Major Ross, Capt. Shea, Capt Tentch, 1st. Lieut Goe. Johnstone, 1st. Lieut Creswell, 1st. Lieut Kellow, 1st. Lieut Pouldon and 2d. Lieut and Adjt. Long came on board by ten oClock —— Major Ross cald use all dont in the cabin Capt. Meridith and Mr. Faddy also and told use that he had cald the officers that wair now on board to enquir into the Grounds of my letter to Capt. Meridith of the 15 instant but he wish that I would have it inquird into in a Publick manner for if he was he would be obliged to Send it home to the Admlty. but wish that I would


  ― 58 ―
give up a point and lett those Gentlemen whom he had order heer to determine the matter and the[y] would doe use both Justice and if the[y] thought that if it was necessary for a father inquire the[y] would report the Same to him —— I at last agreed that I would upon my honour abyed by ther determination on which the whole of use went on deck except the under mentioned Gentlemen Capt. Lieut Tentch, 1st. Lts. Goe. Johnstone, Creswell, Kellow and Pouldon —— the[y] cald Capt. Meridith to relate to them the exspersions that Mr. F had made use to me —— we wair Soon after cald in when Capt. Tentch read the oppinion of the court that Mr. F Should acknowlege that he had made use of words to Lieut Ralph Clark very much to the [*]

Thursday the 18

went on Shore with Capt. Meridith and the doctor Soon after nine oClock and cald at the Coms. Lodgins wher he ask use to dine with him which we did —— we then walkt about the Town and in the Dutch Govenours Gardin —— I then parted with Capt M. and the doctor and went and cald on Coll Gordon but he was not at home —— I Soon after Saw 1st. Lieut J Johnstone, Wm. Collings, Balmain, consident and the Mr. White who informed me that the[y] had been trying to get Some money but could not With whome I walkt untill near one and then went to the Comr. wher I found Coll: Gordon who was very happy to See me and Said that he was Sorry that he was not at home when I cald on him but Should be happy to See me any day after this week as all his time was taking up With the Malitia —— Sat down to a very good dinner with the comr. Capt. Meridith, Mr. Arundell, Mr. Miller the comr. Sectary Mr. Palmer the old lady of the house with three of her daughters and one Son —— had Green Pease Young Potatoes and Straw Berrys —— we also Staid tea —— the People dress much after the English heer the Women in particular —— the most of the Women that I have Seen are very handsome —— came on board in the Evening and Soon after went to bed after Sending up my Prayer for the health and welfar of my beloved Alicia and Son

Friday the 19

the doctor and Mr. F. went on board the Scarborough to Breackfast and Soon after Returnd with Mr. Davey who came to ask me if I would be in a Tent with him and Mess with him —— I told him that I had no objections to be in a tent with in him but that Capt. M and I had agreed to Mess to gether when we get ther and if he had no objections I had non —— I went on board the Sirius to Majr. Ross to get Some list that he wants to give me —— Saw Majr. Ross who informd me that he had given it to a Some body on Shore and would not trouble me ——


  ― 59 ―
Soon after return on board and found Mr. F and Davy Return on board the Scarborough —— the Dutch Guard Ship Saluted with 5 Guns which a nother Dutch Ship Soon after Returned with the Same number of Guns —— went with the doctor on board a French Ship to See what the[y] had to Sell and found that the[y] had coffe at 16 dollars a hunder wight Perfumery & & —— went on board the Alexander afterwards to See J. Johnstone —— Staid Tea then Returned on board wher we found Mr. Consident who Staid Supper with use —— Lieut G: Johnstone came on board to See me he also Staid Supper —— Mr. F Returned on board about 10 oClock

Saterday the 20

went on board the French Ship Soon after Breakfast with Capt. M: the doctor, Mr. Consident to See the French Captain but did not See him —— went on Shore wher we Strold untill 1 oClock when we Return on board to dinner —— I ask Lieut Timmins to dine with me which he did —— dreamt last night about my dear Alicia hope in God that She and my beloved Son are well —— went on board the Alexander with Timmins to See J. Johnstone but could not See from whence went on board the Scarborough wher I Staid Supper —— Return on board about 9 oClock —— put Elizh. Barbour and Elizh. Dudgeon in Irons (leg ones) for fighting

Sunday the 21st.

dreamt again of my dear and most Sinceerly Beloved Alicia —— oh what would I give to heer from her —— oh that I could but have a few lines from her —— this being Sunday kist my tender one pictour as usual on this day —— intended to have gone on board the Scarborough to prayers but could not get my Self redy —— went on board then a little before dinner to Speak to Mr. Consident and Returned to dinner —— Capt. Meridith went a shore after dinner —— Major Ross came on board after Tea to Speak to the convicts —— So ends this day

Munday the 22d.

was taking very ill in the night and have been very ill all this day —— the doctor gave me Som Stuff which did me a great dele of good —— Mr. Faddy went on board the Charlott according to the orders of Friday the 19 for which See the orderly Book —— Capt M went on Shore and Returned to dinner —— the doctor went on board the Scarborough to dinner —— much better than I was in the morning —— Lieut Sharp came on board to See me and Staid Tea

Tuesday the 23

much better than I was Yesterday —— the doctor gave me again Some Phisick —— it is the Bread that is Served use heer has made me ill ——


  ― 60 ―
Majr. Ross and Lieut Long came on board heer to Speak to the convicts —— did not See them —— Capt. M and the doctor went a Shore after Breackfast and Staid untill Evening —— thank god that I am much better than I was Yesterday —— I hope in God that to morrow I will be quit well —— Shott a Gull from the Ship this afternoon —— the doctor and Capt. M: Returned to Tea —— the[y] Said that the[y] had a Pleasent walk and that the[y] wair at a Gentleman house in the country who Said that he know me and desired them to tell me to come on Shore —— So ends this night

Wednesday the 24

dreamt last night I was at my Beloved womans Burial —— oh my God what a dream —— oh that I could but have a letter from my Alicia before that I leave this place to no how She and my Son are —— why doe I wish for a thing that is almost impossible it is love dear Sweet passion —— thank god I am much better with his Blessing I trust to be quite well in a few days —— a very fine day —— the Signal house on the Top of the Sugar loaf has made the Signal for a Sail coming in —— hope it may be a Ship from England and that She has a letter on board for me from my Alicia my wife my most Sinceer friend then I shall be quit well —— the very thought has made me much better than I was before the Signal was made —— Mr. F went on board the Scarborough before dinner wher he Staid —— oh for the Ship and my letter

Thursday the 25

Mr. F came on board from the Scarborough very drunk last night and he went on Shore very early this morning —— the comr., Majr. Ross and Capt. hunter came on board a little after nine to See wher we could put Stocks if the Women and men convicts wair taking out —— the[y] Staid about half ane hour and then went a way —— Capt. M. and the doctor went on Shore —— Soon after Major Ross came a long Side and told me to inform the women convict that the[y] Should be put into another Ship to morrow or Next day and desired me to Send him the Names of those women of the convicts that had children on board —— Soon after Sent him the Names for which See the letter Booknote —— Mr. Consident came on board and wanted me to goe on shore with him —— I am Exceedingly Sorry to find that the Ship that is coming in has hoisted Dutch coulors —— ther is no letter from my from my Alicia Bless her and my Boy Sweet Woman and dear little fellow —— 3 oClock the Ship come to ane anchor with in use from Middleburgh in the province of Zeeland




  ― 61 ―

Friday the 26

Mr. Faddy Staid a shore last and is not come on board Yet —— a large Danish Eastindiam came to ane Anchor late last night very near use from chinia —— had lost her Mizen Mast and fore Top mast in a hard Gale of wind in April last wher in the[y] Says that they wair very near going down —— that the Adml. Hughs, the Brigdwater and Vansetter Eastindiamen Wair with her in the Same Gale —— that the[y] Wair all dismasted and She was affraid that the Bridgwater had gone down as the[y] had herd nor Seen any thing of her —— that Sevral dutch Ships Wair dismasted at the Same time —— The[y] say that the Sea Was coverd with Wrecks and casks —— I hope that She is Save —— went on board the Alexander with Mr. Arundel Whome I left ther to dinner —— on my Return on board found Capt. Shea on board of use with whome I went on board the Scarborough to dinner —— I wish I had not for it came on to blow and was very near being drown as the Sea brock over use and fild the boat but thanks god I got on board Save except being a little wet and hurt my knee and hand a little —— found Mr. Balmain and Mr. F returnd quit gadded —— I should like to knou wher he Slept last night for I don't think he Sleep in a very good house as Kellow did not and he and him Wair together all the while —— So ends this day

Saterday the 27

it blows very hard —— dreamt last night that I bought a drum for my Beloved Alicia and my Son but I thought She told me that he was dead —— I awakend Capt. Meridith with crying in my Sleep —— oh my god that I could but only heer from her —— what would I give dear woman She dose not know how much Sinceerly love her —— I am affraid that I Love her too much for my own health but who can help not loving her —— She is all goodness and wher is her fellow on earth I would loose my left hand for only a pepe at her and my boy —— God Preserve and Bless them both is my ardent wish that it is —— Majr. Ross came on board to inform Capt. M to Send the women convicts away to Morrow Viz 4 to the Lady Penryn 4 to the Charlotte and the Remainder 13 to the Prince of Wales for to know the names of them that went on board the different Ships See the Remarks after ther names at the beginning of this Book —— went on board Scarborough with the doctor who Staid ther untill 8 oClock this Evening —— about ½ after Six oClock Saild from heer a large dutch Ship for Batavia —— So ends this [day]

Sunday the 28

dreamt Some thing about Mrs. Hume but what it was I dont Recollect —— this being Sunday kist my Alicia as usual on this day —— read the lessons prayers and Spalms of the day —— about 1 oClock Sent the


  ― 62 ―
Women convicts away as order thank god that the[y] are all out of the Ship —— I am very Glad of it for the[y] wair a great Trouble much more So than the [men]note —— my knee much better than it was Yesterday —— hope it will be well to morrow —— So ends this day

Munday the 29

went a Shore with Capt. M: and the doctor —— the doctor Soon after parted with use —— Saw Capt. Campble who informd me that Coll: Gordon desired the favour of my Company to dinner to morrow —— told Capt. C: to inform him that I would doe my Self the Pleasure of Waiting on him —— Capt. M. and I took a long walk in the country then Return on board to dinner wher we wair inform that Mr. Vallance the 2d. mate of the Ship had about 1 oClock falling over board from the head of the Ship wher he had gone to ease himself and was drownd for although three men Jump over board after him the[y] could not Save him for he Soon after Sunk and has not been Seen Since —— he was drunk the[y] Say when he fell I am very Sorry for him for I know all his friends near Musseburgh and he was a very good Seaman a much better than we will be able to get heer in his place —— Lieut Sharp came on board and drink Tea with me he was a little cutt and that not a little

Tuesday the 30

got up early this morning to write a letter to my Beloved Alicia and one to Mr. Hartwell which I did as Capt. Walton informd use that there was a Ship to Sail to morrow from Sardinia Bay for Europe and that if the[y] wair Sent on board the comr. before 10 oClock he would Send them —— I went on board with them mySelf to Majr. Ross who told me he know nothing of it a Ships going but would let me know if ther was —— I got very wett in going —— Return on board to dress to dine on Shore with Coll: Gordon but it came on to Blow very hard So did not goe —— the doctor was cald up early to goe on board the Lady Penrhyn to See one of the convict Women Who got her head fracturd this morning by a graiting falling on her —— the doctor went on board the Scarborough wher I believe he must Remain for the whole day if not the night if it continus blowing So hard as it dose at Present —— the doctor came on board a little after 7 oClock very much in for it

Wednesday the 31

dreamt Some thing about Mercer of our but dont Recollect what it was —— Capt. M. and Mr. F went a Shore with whom I sent a letter to Coll: Gordon for which See the letter Booknote —— order came on board to Capt. M: for which See the orderly Book —— about 10 oClock the doctor went on board the Scarborough from whence he Soon after Returnd ——


  ― 63 ―
about 12 oClock it came on to blow very hard a ½ after one Some Ships boat over Sett but what Ships I can yet tell or if the are any body lost but I hope not —— 5 oClock it blows and Rains very hard So that I shall not think of Sending a boat to night for them So that they may as well take up their Quarters on Shore for the night

note

NOV 1787

Thursday November the 1st.

dreamt last night Some thing about Genl. Stuart but what it was I doe not Recollect —— Capt. M: and Mr. F and their two Servant was oblige to Sleep on Shore last [night] which will take a few pence out of their pockets for I never was in So dear a place in all the course of my Life —— Majr. Ross came on board and Staid a few moment —— Mr. Consident came on board who with our Doctor went Soon after on Shore —— a Signal on the hill is out for a Sail —— hope it is a Ship from England and that I may have a letter by her —— a bout one oclock Saw the Sail coming round the point a Brig and by the coulours that She has up one of the Eastindias packetts —— She came close to use and Saw on her Stairn the Ranger of London —— oh my God how my hart goes pitte patty —— about ½ after one Capt. M: Mr. F and the doctor came on board and inform me that She was from Falmouth in 12 weeks —— almost half mad —— then a few moment after they come a Gentleman came on board with a letter for Arundell and Says that was the the only letter except one for Mr. Bradly on board of the Sirius that She had brought out —— oh my God how I am disapointed has my Alicia entirly forgott her fond Clark —— people in the Ship to Receive letters and not I —— shall goe on board after dinner —— Lieut Johnstone and Timmins came on board to Tea —— went on board the Lady Penrhyn for Wm. Collery to on board the Packett but found no letters nor had the[y] brought any but the above two —— She will Sail in a few days for Bengall wher She is bound —— I am Quit down to think that all my hopes are over in not been abl to get a letter for this Year and a half —— on my Returnd found Lieut Davey and Mr. Consident who Staid a half hour with use —— Shall goe to Bed and See if I can get any ease on My Pillow and endeavour to think that my beloved has not Quite forgott her Clark her most Sinceer Clark So God Bless her and my Boy again Bless them

Friday the 2d.

could not Sleep all night with thinking and dreaming about my Lovely Alicia —— oh that I could have had only a Line from her by this Ship to Say that She is well then then I should be most happy —— the doctor and Mr. Faddy went on Shore after Breackfast —— Mr. F Returnd to dinner but the doctor Staid untill Eveng and was very much in for it


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—— went on board Scarborought to Speak to Davey and returnd and Soon went to bed —— the Ship not come in

Saterday the 3

the Strang Sail not come in Yet —— dreamt about Mr. Daw Some thing —— went on Shore with Mr. Arundel and Mr. consident —— cald at Capt. Campble Lodgins —— Saw a great number of our lads on Shore —— came of to dinner with Mr. Arundell, Mr. Consident and Lieut Timmins —— the Strang Sail come to ane Anchor and Saluted the dutch commondore with 13 Guns Which he Returnd with the Same number of Guns —— Faddy went on board of her and found that She Was a Portegues Eastindiaman from Bengall bound to Lisbon —— after dinner the doctor, Mr. F, Mr. Consident and Timmins went on Shore again

Sunday the 4

Mr. Faddy and the doctor come on board last a little after 8 —— dreamt of Being with Hobbs and Coll. Hughs —— this being Sunday took my Belovd Alicia Pitour out of its prison and kist it I Believe a thousand times could not help craying over it dear Sweet Woman —— after Breackfast went on board the Packett with Arundell and cald in our Way back on board the Alexander Wher we Staid a few Minuets —— Capt. M and Arundell went on board the Portegues that came in yesterday —— Lieut Long came on board with orders for which See the orderly Book —— wrot a letter to Majr. Ross for which See the letter Booknote —— a very fine day —— expect the parson on board after dinner as he has been on board the Lady Penrhyn —— this forenoon Capt. M. and Arundell went on Shore —— Mr. Johnston came on board and gave us a very good Sermon —— Satt down and wrot part of a letter to my Betsey my Beloved Woman the most Tendrest of wives —— also wrote a letter to Kempster which I sent a way

Munday the 5

Capt. M. and the doctor went on Shore early this Morning and came of to dinner —— Mr. F. went ashore after Breakfast and came also of to dinner —— the doctor went on Shore after dinner again —— Lieut Long came on board to Speak to Capt. M —— he again came on board to Capt. M who went with him to Majr. Ross on board the Sirius —— a little after four the Ranger Packet got under Way She cheered the comr. the Same as when She came it which the comr. Answerd —— Capt. M and the doctor Arundell came on board a little after Seven —— will sit down and writ my Alicia to morrow So I wish her a good night and that of my Son




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Tuesday the 6

went on board the Danish Eastindiaman with Capt. M. and Arundell from that I went on Shore with them and bought two china Basins for one English Shilling which is the only thing that I have Seen that is cheap —— came on board to dinner with them that I went on Shore with —— a french Ship came in but don't know wher she if from —— Mr. F went on board the Danish Eastindiaman —— a nother Sail coming in —— Sail a dutch Ship for Batavia this day —— 30 Sheep came on board this day and wair put in the Place where the women convicts Were —— I think we will find much more Agreable Ship mates than they were

Wednesday the 7

Capt. M. the doctor and Self went first on board a french Ship from that went on board a dutch Ship with Some letter wher I Saw a boy cald Burnet whose father I know in Holland —— from ther went on board a danish Eastindiaman then on board the Small Sail that came in Yesterday a Portigue from the Brazil which Sail the 1st. of Sept. 4 day before we and has been at Sea ever Since —— from ther we went on board the French Ship that came in Yesterday and found her to be a Packet from Bourdoux bound to the Island of Burbon —— The[y] would not tell use any news only that the[y] Believe it will be a War —— we bought nothing on board any of the Ships —— return on board to dinner —— Mr. F was obliged to Sleep on board the danish Eastindiaman it Blow So hard that we could Send no boat for him —— he went on board the Portigues Eastindiaman —— the doctor and I went on board the Scarborought wher no body was on board but Kellow who with two other Gentlemen were very drunk —— did not Stay long for the[y] were not very agreable company —— So ends this day

Thursday the 8

it blow very hard all night and dose at this Present moment harder than it has done Since I have been in the Ship —— dreamt a bout my Mother god Bless her —— I hope She is well —— the poor convicts nether the Marines have had nor the convicts any thing to eat to day —— it Blows to hard for a Boat to live to Send for any Beef and Soft Bread and ther is no order to give them any Salt provisions —— a little after 4 the Boroughdales boat brock loos and is gone to Sea —— it Still blows very hard —— I am glad that we are not at Sea now —— wrot a letter to my dear Alicia and one to Kempster which I hope the[y] will Receive

Friday the 9

Capt. M and Mr. F went on Shore in the Morning and came of to dinner —— William my Servant went on Shore and it came on to Blow


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that he was oblige to Sleep on Shore —— So ends this day —— I went on board with Arundell this Evening the Danish Eastindiaman Wher I bought a piece of Nankeen very fine for 4 Shillings —— got very wett

Saterday the 10

Mr. F: went on Shore in the Beef Boat —— the doctor and Self went on Shore with my letters which I gave to Capt. Davies 23 Regt —— returnd to dinner —— one of the Government Sheep brought forth two Lams this Morning —— hope the[y] will live —— after dinner the doctor and I went on board a portigue Eastindiaman from ther on board the Charlott, from that on board a portigue Brig wher the mate made me a present of a little gare of Sweet Meats —— from ther went on board a french Ship wher the Capt. made me a present a pice of Ebonay and Some Indian corn to Sow at Botany —— I think the[y] are very Kind to me all to give me these thing for nothing —— from ther put Mr. Consident on board his own Ship the Scarborough then Return on board wher Capt. M. and the doctor got to very hight words about nonsence —— Capt. M was in the wrong and not a little gave —— how disagreable it is for two friends to fall out when the[y] are in Liquor & when the[y] are Sober the[y] are very sorry for it —— the comr. made the Signal for Sailing to day

Sunday the 11

could not Sleep from what past last night —— the Signal made for Sailing but the wind is against use So that we cannot get out —— Some of the Ships got under way as did we to get out of other Ship way when the[y] got under way —— Arndell and Mr. F. went on board the Alexander Soon after Breackfast —— the[y] Soon after Return and Mr. Consident with them who came on board to draw Several mens teeth which he did with the greatest ease and with very little pain to the men —— wanted him to Stay dinner but he would not —— Mr. Arndell went on board the Charlott and Return with Majr. Ross and the Surgeon Genl. wher the differance which happend last night was Settled but Majr. Ross made use of Landguage to Capt. M: which in My oppinion was not proper for ane officer to make to a nother and desiring him to take cear of himself if the commanding officer had any thing to Say of the above nature it ought to be as privat as possible without it was a publick mater —— went after Tea on board the Scarborought with Arndell from whence I went on board the Alexander to get a little oil which I did from Ballmain who with Sharp came on board this afternoon before Tea but would not Stay to have any —— this been Sunday kist my Beloved as usale on this day —— read the lessens and Spalms of the day —— the Comr. Ship dropt out the Same as we did —— hope that we will


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get away early in the morning So god Bless and preserve my Alicia and our Sweet Boy —— my God out of his great goodness take cear of them both is my wish of R. Clark

Munday the 12

dreamt last night about Miss Turner —— no wind hardly and that from the Sea —— at 7 oClock a Signal was made from the Sugar loaf for a Sail coming in —— at ½ after 9 oClock the dutch Comr. Ship Saluted him he going in Shore which is the custom here —— at 10 oClock Saw the straing Sail coming in which came to ane Anchor at 12 oClock ane American Ship but dont know wher She is from —— the comr. made the Signal to get under Wight —— he made the Signal for his boat to come on board with a white [flag] at the Ensing Staff and fired a Gun —— got under way and Stood out to Sea with the comr. and the whole fleet —— Still a Signal up on the Sugar loaf for a nother Sail —— Should wish to know wher She is from perhaps She has got a letter for me from my dearly beloved Alicia —— god Bless her and our Boy —— god Send use a good passage and a Quick one is my Sinceer wish —— past the other Sail a large dutch Ship —— thank God we have got clear of the land —— 4 oClock the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to come into his wak —— about 6 oClock Spoke the Ship Kent of London a Whealer out four months and has got a bout 40 Tuns of oil bound to the eastward of the cape on a Cruse he wanted to know what ship Mr. Watts is on board told him the Lady Penrhyn —— the Land Still in Sight

Tuesday the 13

dreamt of being at Mr. Hartwells to get money —— it blow very hard last night and a great Sea —— it now blows very hard —— have being very Sea Sick all this day —— Capt. M and the doctor and Self got very wett with the Sea Breaking over use —— could eat no Breackfast or dinner being so sick —— at 4 oClock the comr. made the Signal for the fleet in come in to his Weak —— Latt. obs. in 34–14S

Wednessday the 14

got no Sleep all last night for the wind and the Sea would not let me Sleep —— dreamt of being in bed with my dear beloved Alicia and that She told me to get up and Shut the room dore as ther was Some body coming up Stairs in the Barracks —— dream also that I had my left arm brock and that lost a Tooth which is all bad dreams my betsey has often told me but I trust in god there is nothing the matter with her or our boy —— also dreamt much about the Barracks and Adjt. Martin —— not So Sea Sick as I was Yesterday —— ther been not so much wind and the Sea is much more gone down —— Latte in to day 35–7 South —— the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to come into


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his weak —— at 3 oClock the Scarborought Spok use to know from wher that Ship was from which we Spok the day that we came out

Thursday the 15

was disturb out of my sleep by the Sergt. of the Guard coming down to Acquaint Capt. M: that the[y] had found Bennet one of the convicts a Sleep in the Long Boat wher he had gone and stole all the convicts Provision that have the liberty of walking the deck wher the[y] put it for Safty —— this Young Rascall had come on deck about 10 oClock to make water and had while the centinell back was turnd Slipt into the long boat wher he had eat So much that he could not Stir and feld a Sleep untill about 2 oClock in the morning when he was found ther —— a bout 9 the comr. made the Signal to tack and the whole fleet Tackt accordingly —— I wish the wind would come a little more fair —— Latte. in to day 35.27 South —— had a salt Beef dinner to[day] will have maney of them befor I get to Botany —— at ½ after 5 PM. the comr. made the Signal to Tack again —— put Jno. Bennet both legs in Irons for Sealing the Bread in the Long boat last night —— mark my words that we will not have been at Botany above Six months befor this Young Vilian Bennet comes to the Gallows —— have not been able to get my Alicia a Single moment out of my thoughts but thinking that ther is something the matter with her or our Sweet Boy —— hope in God that there is not —— So I wish them both a good night

Friday the 16

dreamt of walking with my beloved Alicia in dock and the dock Yard and that we went to the Guard room and that Ackney had the Guard —— oh my God my God that I could but only here of her been well —— I would goe without meat for two days and would let the doctor cut of any two of my fingers with pleasure to hear from her —— god Bless her my dear wife the best of woman kind —— little wind and that agains use —— read one of my dear womans letters of Apl. the 27 wher in She tell me to love her She need not have done that for I cannot help loving her and that tenderly too —— if I read any more of her letter I shall goe Quit mad —— Latte. in to day 35:45 South —— God Send use a fair wind —— the comr. made the Supply's Signal to Speak him —— Soon after he made the Agents Signal to Speak him —— Sent his boat on board the Agent who went on board of him —— the Boroghdale came under our stairn and ask use how we did —— told him all well as they were the Same on board of them —— the[y] Say that they have lost a great number of ther fowls as has captain Walton on board here —— thank God that mine (two) are still a live and hope


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that they will Remain for that is all my stock to begin farming at Botany —— nasty drisling rain to day hope it will bring a change of wind

Saterday the 17

dreamt that my Mother and Beloved Alicia were dead —— oh my God what a dream oh how much did cry in the night in my Sleep also I inquird about the money that my Mother left in Mrs. Humes hands for my Brother and me I hope that Mrs. Hume is dead and that my Beloved Alicia has got the money that Mrs. Stuart left me in her will if So how happy I shall be —— got a nother increas to the number on board one of the Publick Sheep brought forth two fine lams this morning —— the Weather has been very cold for these Several days past —— all the Ship in company —— thank God no Sick on board —— hope that our Gracious God will befriend use as he had done all along in keeping use So healthy —— wish to christ that the wind would change —— Latte in to day 36..30 South —— Lieut Ball of the Supply came on board with orders from the comr. and Majr. Ross for which See the orderly Book and took away two convicts Thos. Yardsley a Gardner and Will Haynes a Cabinet Maker for which I am very Sorry for as I am affraid that I shall not be able to get my Tea Caddy done which I intended to have made —— Ball informs use that the comr. Majr. Ross Lieuts. King and Daw are going he believes in his Brigg and leave the fleet to follow them to Botany —— the comr. means to take Scarborough and Alexander with [him] also —— that is the reason that he is taking all the carpenters and Gardeners that are in the fleet on board the Supply to have Some houses and Some Ground turned over agains the arriv[al] at Botany —— I wish that the comr. would take our little Ship with him as She Sails So well —— the Agent made the Boroughdales and Alexanders Signal to Speak him —— have got a great pain in my Breast —— hope in god it will Soon leave me —— I wish it was gone for it hurts me very much

Sunday the 18

dreamt again of being with my beloved wife and that you dear woman appeard big with child —— gracious God I hope that there is nothing the matter with her —— kist her dear Pictour as usual on this day —— put on a flannel Waiscoat for the pain in my breast which thank God is not So bad as it was last night —— at 8 oClock the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to Tack and stand the other way —— about 9 oClock he made the Signal again for the fleet to Tack and Stand the Same way that we were before as we shall be able to lay better up on this tack —— a cold nasty day with drisling rain —— wish to god that the wind would


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come fair —— read the Spalms and lessons for the day and offerd up prayers more than daily for the health and well fare of my dear Tender and most Beautiful Alicia and Son —— God I hope has heard me —— Latte. in to day 37.9 South

Munday the 19

little wind —— the comr. made the Signal for the fleet to Bring too —— Lieut King came on boar a bout 8 oClock with orders for which See the orderly Book who inform use that the comr. intends to goe in the Brigg when we get to E.Ward of the cape & that he intend taking the Scarborough and Alexr. with him and make the best of his way for Botany —— hoisted out our boat and the Master of the Ship went on board the Scarborough the boat Soon after Return —— the comr. boat came on board for the Master of the Ship who went on board and Soon after Return with orders to Send three sheep and hay on board the Lady Pernhyn as the horses on board of her will not eat Bran so the[y] are affraid that the[y] will not have hay to Serve them. Jane Parkenson one of the convict women that was sent from this Ship on board the Lady Penrhyn died a few days Since —— I thought She would not live long —— I am Exceeding happy to find that we are going with the Comr. when he goes in the Supply —— I am Sorry though that the orders that came on board to day is to put use to 3 pints a water in the 24 hours which is too little 2 Quarts we can doe with but 3 pints is too little —— thank God I have a little by me of my own —— the Longe. by the comr. time pice is 10–19 East So that we have lost by this bad wind near 300 miles —— I wish that it would come fair but I am affraid that it will come from the old Quarter —— a great number whials came very near the Ship —— I never Saw So many at once —— Several boat going from Ship to Ships —— Latte in to day by ob [*] On of the Sheep beloning to Government brought forth a lamb —— I think that if the[y] come as fast a Botany as the[y] have Since the[y] came on board her we will Soon have a good Stock

Tuesday the 20

the Ship rold very much all last night ther being no wind to keep her steeddy —— was oblige to get out in the night to put my dressing box in the cubbord which had tumbled out and was all most brock to pices —— no wind —— all the Ships in company with ther heads different Ways —— a great number of Whials a bout the Ship —— thank God that ther is a little wind come and that fair —— hope ther will be more of it and remain in the Same Quarter —— another of the Government Sheep brought forth a lamb to night which is the 6th. Since the[y] came on board —— Spoke the Fisbourn and ask use if we wair going


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with the Supply when She left the remander of the fleet —— told them Yes —— the agent is Removed from the Fisbourn on board the Alexr. he made the Boroughdales Signal to Speak him —— latt in 37.37 S —— 4 P.M a very fine Breeze going 5 Knots —— dreamt last night that I was going down to Tregadock to take leave of them befor I went to Botany but was assulted by a great Mob whome I was obliged to handle reather rufly with my Sword befor the[y] would let me pass

Wednesday the 21

a very fine Breeze —— all the Ship in company going 8 Knots ane hour which that we continue this for a month then I think Shall not be a great way from Botany Bay —— Latt in to day 38.37 S

Thursday the 22

it Blous very hard but it is fair and a great Sea follows us —— all the Ships in Sight —— the fleet is obliged to Shorten Sail for the Supply who is not able to keep up with the fleet it blows too fresh and a great Sea running —— Latte. in to day 39.0 South —— went by the Log Since Yesterday Noon untill to day dito 166 miles not bad going for the little friendship —— a few of them will bring use Soon to Botany —— 6 PM. not So much wind as ther was in the Morning

Friday the 23

dreamt that I had Recieved 40 Pounds Prize money from Geoe. Groves hope that my dear Alicia has Recieved that which Government kept back from use —— the Ship rold very much all last night —— very little wind —— all the Ships in company —— the Sea is much gone down by what it was Yesterday —— went by the log Since Yesterday 12 oClock untill to day dito 123 miles —— latte. in to day by obs. 39.3 South —— Saw Several flying fish to day the first that I have Seen Since I left Rio de Janario —— draw this day a Quart of Rum in part of that which is due me from my allowance —— the wind begines to head use

Saterday the 24

the wind has much head itnote use in the night —— a nasty Squaly day —— the wind blows fresh —— all the Ship in company —— Latt 39 South —— gave this afternoon a Quart of Rum to the Boatswain and Carpenter of the Ship for things that the[y] have done for me

Sunday the 25

dreamt of being with my Betsey and that I took Mr. Price home to See my Beloved Alicia and my Pictour which we had done by a limner —— what things I dream of but I wonder if Mr. Price ever goes near my dear woman or to See my Boy —— I thought that he had sent a Bag of Potatoes to Betsey I wish that he may —— kist my beloveds Pictour as usual on this day —— there has been very little wind all this night and


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morning 8 oClock but it begins to freshing up and it is [my] night of —— all the Ship in company —— have not had any body Sick Since we have been out thank God for it —— to day for the first time in my life drinked my tea without Sugar which I intend to doe all the Voyage as my Sugar begins to grou Short therfor will only drink tea and Sugar now and after we get on Shore on certaind days —— at 9 the comr. made the Supplys Signal to Speak him Soon after he made the Alexanders, Scarborough and our for the Same purpose —— at 10 hoisted out our boat and the master of the Ship went on board the Sirius —— Saw Majr. Ross and Long and theres things going on board the Scarborough Wher the[y] intend to remain untill we get to Botany —— at 11 the comr. Sent his things from the Sirius on board the Supply and Soon after he went himself —— the Sirius cheerd him with three cheers which he and the Boat crew returnd our boat Return with orders to follow the Supply and also not to have any conversation with the Natives when we get to Botany —— Seald orders came on board from Majr. Ross to Capt. Meridith which he is not to oppen unless we Seppereat from the Ships —— ½ after twelf the Supply made Sail as did the alexander Scarborought and use and parted with the rest of the fleet —— god Send use a Quick and Save passaged —— Loge. by the comr. time pice Yesterday 20–48 East —— had no obers. to day —— we have got a fine fair wind wish that it may continue for this month to come —— read the lessons and Spalms for the day of the month —— the Supply has left use and is making the best of her way for Botany So that we are now under the charge of the Agent of Transports

Munday the 26

dreamt last night that I had Stole from me my Beloved Alicia old stript cotten gown which I had tied up in a bundle —— the Sirius and remainder of the fleet in Sight but a great Way a stairn —— the Supply a great way a head almost out of Sight —— the Alexander and Scarborough and Self close together —— little wind and that little heading use —— Latt in to day by ob 38.11 South —— went by the last 24 hours 130 miles —— 1 oClock PM the Supply out of Sight —— at 5 oclock PM very little wind

Tuesday the 27

dreamt much about my Betsey, old Mrs. Kempster, Kempster, Mrs. Hume and Mrs. Stuart —— I thought that old Mrs. Kempster came to drink Tea with my Beloved and brought a news paper with her —— god grant that the[y] may be all well —— a bout 4 oClock the Alexander made the Signal for to Tack as the wind has come quit agains use —— I am affraid that we Shall make a long Passaged —— the Sirius and the other


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Ships out of Sight —— the two Ship in company close to use —— Satt down and mended a few hool in my table cloath of No. 1 —— a fine day very little wind foul against use as it can blow —— hope that it will com round again to its old Quarter So that we may push on —— Latte in to day 38.10 South —— Several Small birds cald by the Seamen Mother carreys chickens which Sea faring people in General Say when the[y] are Seen is a Sure omen that ther is going to be blowing Wether and at present it has all the appearence if it would blow hard to night —— have had my old green coat cut Taild again which is now the third time Since I have been on board —— I am affraid that it will not allow to be piece[d] any more when it wants it again for it is now not much longer than a large waiscoat —— it has been a good Servant

Wednessday the 28

it blows So hard that I cannot Sit to write

Thursday the 30note

it blow much harder Yesterday than it has Since I have left england —— was exceedingly Sea Sick much more So than Since I have been in the Ship —— the Ship rold her sides under water and the Sea boke over use almost every moment —— the two Ships in company —— had no observation Yesterday —— dreamt last night that I was I thought in Huntingshire and that Miss Jane Sedgwick was ther and that I kist her —— Reynolds was ther also —— I hope he has not been fool enuff to marry her —— I never was in a Ship that rold So much as this Ship dose —— I could hardly Sleep last night for it —— it is quite a calm not a breath of wind from the heavens —— what a difference between Yesterday and to day —— ther is still a great Sea up —— if my dear woman had been on board heer yesterday She would have been pretty frightend —— Latt in to day 39–40 South —— 1 oClock god send ther was a little wind to keep the Ship Steeddy —— 5 oClock thank god that ther is a little wind come —— hope to be able to have a little ease for befor we had non —— I have been doing nothing but thinking but a bout home —— god grant that the[y] may be all in health

Friday the 30

the little wind that came last Evening So died away and it was Quit calm about 12 oClock at night but thank God that Since ther has a very fine breeze Spring up and the Ship goes between 4 and 5 knots —— dreamt of been with Price who I thought was playing cards with Several more —— a very fine day and a likely hood of the winds continues —— the two Ship in company —— Latte. in 39–40 South the Same as Yesterday So that the little we have gone is all Longe. and a Stright line


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to Botany —— this is St andrews day —— Mrs. Stuarts birth day good woman —— I hope that She is now in heaven —— I wish her Sister was as good as She was then every body would have had thier own

DEC 1787

Saterday December the 1st.

dreamt of being with my beloved Alicia on board Ship —— God out of his great goodness that I could but only here from her to Say that She and our dear Sweet Boy are well —— I would be much more easier than I am —— a very fine day and a good fair wind —— went by the log last 24 hours three degrees of Longatude —— Latt in to day 39–52 South —— 1 oClock Scarborough haild use to Send a line a Stairn which we did and the[y] Sent a fine hind Qr. of Mutton on board for Capt. Walton —— I Should not no objections to cut a few slices from it for I am Quite Sick of Salt Beef and Salt Pork but I must make the best of it I have nothing els in the Mess —— I never lived So poor Since I was born —— drew this afternoon three Quarts of Rum from the Stuart being part of my Allowance

Sunday the 2d.

kist my Alicia Pictour as usual on this day —— gracious God how much I doe love and adore her —— bless her and preserve her is my constant prayer. —— a very fine day and fair wind —— read the lessons and Spalms for the day of the month —— a great number of Porpoises a bout the Ship also Several albitrosses flying a bout —— on of the last born lams died this morning —— a bout ½ after 10 the Scarborough came along Side and haild use /to know by Majr. Ross orders/ of Capt. Meridith if the mens Jackets wair all finished answered not Quite —— they are all well as are we —— thank god having nobody Sick on board —— Latt in to day 40–0 South

Munday the 3th.

a very fine Breeze all night —— the two Ships a great way a head of use we have got more Sail Set to day than we have had at any one time Since I have been in the Ship —— Latt in to day 40–38 South —— went by the Log last 24 hours 164 miles —— thirty Such runs as this I think that we shall not be a great Way from Botany —— I wish it was to Plymouth dear Sweet place wher all my happiness my Soul and tendrest Love is centerd —— 1 oClock it blows pretty fresh —— 4 oClock I think that it will from appearence blow fresh if not hard to night —— Several of Mother carrys chickins flying a bout —— gave ½ Pint of Rum to the Ships cook.

Tuesday the 4

it blow as I thought would very hard in the night much harder than Since it has done Since we have been from England —— Several heavy


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Seas brock over use in the night —— I could not Sleep not a wink —— it now blows very hard and the wind has come round to the other Qr. and a very great Sea running —— this is a nasty dirty day it is Exceedingly cold what must it be in the winter if it is so cold now the middle of Summer —— both Ships in Company —— had no observation to day but went by the Log the last twenty four hour 168 miles —— it has turned out a fine afternoon but remarkably cold —— I have hardly found it So cold in England at this time of the Year as it is heer at present —— 5 PM the Agent haild use and told use that his Long was 46–2 East and askd use what we wair in —— told him 46–0 —— all well on board the Alexander —— the Scarborough haild use also and Said that the[y] wair in 45 odd —— all well on board ther

Wednessday the 5

lay a Weak the greatest part of the night and did nothing but think a bout home god bless them both —— Quite a calm not a Single breath of wind —— Latt in to day 40.39 S —— much warmer than Yesterday but Still it is very cold —— this afternoon one of the Sheep brought forth a lam the Smalest of the whole that has been lamd Yet

Thursday the 6

a great fog cannot See neather of our consorts —— at 8 oClock herd a Gun close too use —— Suppose it to be from the Alexander also ringing of Bells —— at 10 oClock the fog cleard away and the two Ships close to use —— latte. in to day 41–14 South

Friday the 7

a very fine breeze and that fair —— have done nothing all this day but thinking about my beloved Alicia and what has affected me So much is that I Sat down and read part of the Play of Jane Gray —— oh what a deep Tragedy it is —— poor Lady I believe She knew that She must died if She accepted the crown —— She did love her husband but not half So much as I love my adorable Alicia —— god only knows how much that I love her I from the bottom of my Soul I love and would Give up life to make her happy —— I wish to christ that I was but once got back to her again —— not all the promotion Should make me part from her again —— Latt 41–21 South —— I cannot rest I wish that it was bed time that I might have a hearty cry that would ease the hevy load that at present is round my heart —— Saw to day a great dele of Sea weed and Several porpuses came about the Ship different from the common Sort —— Mr. Laurance Struck one of them with the harpon but he got away again




  ― 76 ―

Saterday the 8

Still a fair wind hope to God that it will continue for this Month to come —— read the remainder of Lady Jane Gray —— could not help Sheding Tears for So good a Young Lady to come with her fond husband to So untimly ane end as She did —— could not think what makes me So unhappy for these two days past my heart is very hevey and every moment my Alicia comes in to my thoughts that their must be Some thing the matter with her and my Son —— my Alicia my dear woman I hope to God that it may be only conjector in me from Reading the above Play —— the doctor Pigg has brought forth 5 Young once of which the doctor has given me one for which I am much oblige to him —— Latt in to day 41–7 South —— on of the Sheep brought for a nother Lam this afternoon

Sunday the 9

Dreamt that I was with my beloved Alicia and I thought that I put my hand in her breast —— dear Sweet dream it was honey to my Soul athough in a dream to be with You my adorable woman —— I wish to dream of You and to be You every night —— how I long to be with You again believe me Betsey I never will goe from you again —— have got a great pain in my head and Breast if it is not better to morrow Shall have a little Blood taking from me —— this being Sunday kist your pictour my tender wife the mother of our dear Boy as usual on this day —— I could not help Saying to myself this morning when I was looking on it how good the Almighty has been to me to give So Beautiful So good So Vertious a woman to wife as you are Betsey —— I want word to praise your Vertious your are Surly ane Angle and not a woman —— Read the lessons and Spalms for the day —— had no observation to day —— thick nasty Weather by the wind is fair thank God —— went by the Log last 24 hours 148 miles —— our consorts a bout a mile a head of use —— thank heaven no Sick on board —— the Young lams and Piggs all well — 3 oClock PM. it blows and rain very hard —— gave the Seamen a bottle of Rum for the[y] are very wett and cold and a Glas wont doe them any harm

Munday the 10

Dreamt that I was at Aunt Hawkings last night also that I was at the Governors and he had a letter and Some thing in it about my beloved Alicia —— God bless her and my dr. heavenly Boy —— this is a fine day the wind Shifted on the other Quarter about 12 oClock last night from the N:W: to S:W —— Seems to be the prevailin wind heer —— the pain in my breast and head not so bad as the[y] were Yesterday —— the two Ships in Compy. —— how I am affected with Poor Lady Jane Gray —— I should like to See it acted —— Please God when I Return You and I


  ― 77 ―
Betsey will often goe to the Play for You are as fond to See a good Play actd as I am —— Latte. in to day 41–39 South and I Suppose that we are in 60 East Longe. by this time —— went by the Log 132 miles for the last 24 hours —— gave Jno. Best one of the convicts a Glass of Rum he appeard to be very cold

Tuesday the 11

My God how the Ship did roul last —— did not close my Eyes the whole there being a great Sea and little wind —— if my dear Betsey had been here how She would have been frightend for her Clark her Son and Self —— Sat down and wrot a few lines on her Vertues which I intend to Send home to you in my first letter —— I have Said nothing but what is Your due Betsey my Belovd Woman —— Latt in to day 41–21 South —— Wind S:W: —— the Scarborough haild use and asked use how we are —— told use that they are all very well —— the pain in my head Quit gone but the pain in my breast much the Same —— I wish to God that it was gone also no body that can be cald Sick on board —— what a Great Blessing

Wednessday the 12

dreamt that I was with You my dear Betsey and that You Said Some thing to me a bout going to Exeter which I don't Recollect now what it was besides Some thing informs me that You are going to live ther my wife —— the pain in my Breast the Same I wish to God that it was gone —— Sleep much better than I did the night before —— this is a fine day and good fair Breeze —— Our two consort in company —— the wind is N:W: our course S.E. and by E. —— Latte in 41–18 South

Tuesdaynote the 13

dreamt a bout Mrs. Creswell that I Saw her walking with her Husband —— a fine breeze it Shifted from the NW: to S:W: at 8 oClock —— it rained a good dele in the night and this morning —— it is now a fine day —— went the last 24 hours 163 miles —— Latte. in to day 41–46 South —— we are now a breast of Kergullins land on the Island of Desolation wher Capt. Cook put in to on chrismas day and cald the Harbour chrismas harbour from the day —— he found it remarkable could ther although it was the hight of Summer and if we were a few degrees more to the Souther than we are at Present we would So also the Island of Desolation Liys in the Latte 48 South Long 67–odd East —— by the Ships reconing we are in Long 67–30 East —— I hope to God that we will be at Botany about the middle of January —— gave Some Rum to Duhagen one of the Seamen




  ― 78 ―

Friday the 14

dreamt that I was in the Barracks with You my Belovd Betsey and that I Saw our dear Sweet Boy running back and forward a cross the room —— God out of his great goodness procket him and You my tender wife —— I dreamt a great dele more a bout You also a bout Lt. & Adjt. Martin and Reynolds then fell —— little wind in the night as there is Still but that little is right aft —— our two consorts in compy. —— put Robt. Sidaway in a pair of Leg irons for being impertinent to Mr. Faddy —— this is the fellow that the doctor of the Mercury Shot throu the arm when the[y] rose and took the Ship —— he is a darring Valinous fellow I should have flogg him if I had being Commanding officer for his behavour —— drew this day 3 Pints of Rum from the Stuart of the Ship being part of my allowance —— latt in to day 41–40 South —— at 4 P:M the Scarborough haild use to asked use how we all did —— askd them the Same and found them the Same as we very well —— Capt. M inform Majr. Ross that he could not goe on with the mens cloathing as the Tayler had lost his sheers overboard —— Majr. Ross inform Capt. M to goe to the Alexr. and Mr. Fuzer would give use a Pair —— a 5 oClock haild the Alexr. and informed Mr. Fuzer what Majr. Ross had desired use —— Mr. Fuzer inform use that they were all on board the Scarborough amonst the Stores —— Lieut J. Johnstone and Sharp asked me how I did told him very well —— this afternoon a little hawk came on board and one of the men caught it —— found that it beloned to Some body on board the Scarborough who had let it fly away for its nastyness —— the man that caught it let it fly away again and Poor little thing in Endeavering to reach the Alexr. it fell in the water —— I Suppose must be drownd —— Sat down and wrot out a Memd. of every thing that I have got as I dont know what things I have and have not —— Shall not be able to Get ane Account of every thing untill I get to Botany —— So God Bless you my dear Betsey I also dreamt last night Betsey that X —— this Evening on of the Sheep brought forth a nother lam

Saterday 15th.

a good Breeze Sprung up in the Middle watch —— dreamt that I had Sh… my Breechess last night —— my Dear Betsey I think if you was here Betsey and I telling you So you would call me nasty fellow —— this is a very fine day and a good wind thank God for it and for keeping use So healthy as we are —— our two consorts in in company —— Latt in to day 41–30 South —— the Sea the Same if it was all Blood from the Spor of Whale —— Several Large ones about the Way call this the read Sea




  ― 79 ―

Sunday the 16

dreamt last night that I was again with You my Alicia and I thought that You was going to take Some bodys child to nurse who had Sore Eyes and I was much against —— I hope to god that our dear Boy has not got Sore Eyes Betsey —— Kist your dear image this day as usual —— read the the Prayer lessons and Spalms for the Day —— a very fine wind —— run the last 24 hours 172 miles which is delightful going —— latt in 24–9 South —— 4 oClock PM it blows fresh I think it will blow hard from appearances and ther is also a great number of Mother Carrys chickens flying a bout —— our Consorts in Compy.

Munday the 17

it came on to blow and rain very hard last night —— gave the Seamen a glass of Rum each as the[y] are very wett —— dreamt that I Saw Kempster and White walking and that Kempster Shook me by the hand very kindly I wish that I could —— I should not be a great way from you my Beloved Betsey & Should Soon Shak you by the hand also —— Quit calm almost —— our two consort in compy. —— a great many porpossesses came about the Ship —— had no observation to day the Sun not being out —— wrot a few lines to You my beloved Alicia

Tuesday the 18

in the Night the wind Sprung up from S by W: wher it now remains and blows fresh and cold —— dreamt that I was with you my Betsey and that I put you on horsback but you could not ride on Account as you informed me that your X bad —— I then rode away and left You and return and mett You in the road —— Some body els with you Singing —— I dreamt also my beloved wife about Lieut Wade —— I thought that he came on board this Ship and that we were on our passagd to England —— I wish to God that it was true then I Should I hope soon be able to clasp you My Tender woman in my fond Arms and hugg you to death with Love and Kind kisses —— it is very cold to day we are now going to dinner ½ after one oClock —— the difference of time is so great that I dont Suppose you have got your Breackfast yet it not being much after Eight oClock you have got milk to Your Tea —— I drink mine without that or Sugar as I am obliged as of the former I have non and of the later very little but I dont begrudge you my lovely woman if it was ten times bitter —— Latt in to day 42–00 South —— our Two consorts in Compy.

Wednessday the 19

dreamt again of my beloved Alicia —— oh my God I hope that there is nothing the matter with you my tender woman or that of our dear Boy but I suppose my dreaming of you last night was that of my reading Some of your dear tender letter Yesterday —— oh what Sweet languaged


  ― 80 ―
your letters contain my only friend —— I wish to God that I had inform you all after our Marriaged then as You Say we Should not have been obliged to this long Seperration but it is Gods will only I trust in him that you will only Keep up you Spirrits for your fond husband Sake and our dear little Engagin boy —— the day Betsey is Remarkable cold and blows fresh —— our consorts in Compy. —— Latt in 41–59 South —— dreamt also of Mr. Bedlake with whome I was and I thought that he had a wigg on —— I hope he and his good woman are well

Thursday the 20

the Alexander carried away her F T S Yard in the Slings and are oblige to goe under ane Easy Sail untill the[y] get up a nother —— a very cold day but a fine fair wind —— latt in 42–01 South —— we are now much about half way from the Cape to Botany being to day in Longe. 83–odd East —— botany is in Longe. 152 odd East —— it haild and Snowd to day it being So cold that I have been obliged to put on a flannel Waiscoat and place of one pair of stockings two pair and obliged to keep my great coat constantly all day

Friday the 21

dreamt again last night of my beloved Betsey you dear woman in constant thought whether Sleeping or a wake —— dreamt also of Mr. Price I should be glad to know if ever he gives himself the trouble to See you or our boy —— Alicia Some thing tells me that he dose not if So I am not much disapointed if he dose call on you and take notice of Ralph I am only a littlenote —— it is much warmer to day than Yesterday —— This is the Shortest day with you Betsey and it is the Longest here with use —— our two Consorts in Compy. —— little wind but that thank God fair —— Latt in 42–01 South the Same as Yesterday —— wrot a prayer for the health and welfare of you my dear wife and Sweet Son which I should with the assistance of God repeat Morning and Evening before my Rising from Bed and going to it and hope in Almighty God that he will here me

Saterday the 22

dreamt my beloved woman I thought that I was at the Barracks and that Poor Budd (who is now I hope with God) and Geoe. Foster was with me —— a fine fair wind but the old Agent will not make the most of it by Setting more Sail —— Latt in to day 42–22 South —— 3 oClock PM: it blows pretty fresh and a great manny of Mother Carrys Daughters flying about which is in general a certain omen that it will blow hard which we may expect as the Sun leaves to morrow and Returns to the nortward




  ― 81 ―

Sunday the 23

kist your Pictour as usual on this day and Read the Prayers lessons and Spalm for the day —— Wm. Evans and Jno. Patrick tuo of the Prisener made a complaint that the rest of the Priseners constantly detaind ther allowance from them and gave them what the[y] Pleased of it —— the[y] also informd that the[y] had Stole a great dele of wood and Beef which the[y] Said had been handed out of the hole at different times —— I went down in the Fore Prisen and found the Beef and 29 large Billits of wood —— on Examing we found that Heny. Lovell and Heny. Cable two of the Prisoner who have the liberty of going about the Ship had Stole the Beef and wood out of the Fore when they had gone down to pump water —— ther never were Such D…… Rascals collected together as ther is on board this Ship —— I will keep a sharp look after them when at Botany otherwise the[y] will take the teeth out of my head —— Latt in to day 42–31 South —— went by the Log last 24 hours 135 miles

Munday the 24

a very fine day —— Capt Walton kild one of his Sheep to day —— went down to the Scarborough and haild him that if he would Send a line on board we would Send him a Qtr. of Mutton —— he informd use that he had kild a Sheep so that he has plenty —— found them all well —— the[y] informd use that he was Yesterday in 100–19 East Longe. and Capt Walton only in 96–22 East —— thank God that we are So much father a head than what I thought we were —— Longe. in to day 42–49 South —— a great Whale under the Stairn and followd the Ship for Some time —— Capt. Walton Sent of a leg of Mutton —— if it had not been for that I doe not know what I Should have gave them for dinner to Morrow Except Salt Beef or Pork which is all that I have to give them otherwise for dinner but if I was with You Betsey at home I know what you would give your fond Clark

Tuesdaynote

this been Chrismas day kist your dr Image as usual on Sundays —— God I wish You Betsey my dr. Beloved wife and Sweet Boy both a Merry Chrismas & happy New Year and many many of them —— O God Grant that I was at home with you to eat of your Goose and Apple Piy for I shall have only a Poor dinner here —— never Betsey did your Poor Ralph live So ill as I doe at Present —— never will I goe to Sea without laying in Some Sea Stock —— if my Mess Mates will not I will drink Both your health as I doe every day although only in Water but it is with a Sinceer wish —— So God Bless you —— Latt in 42–51 South —— run last 24 hours 160 miles




  ― 82 ―

Wednesday the 26

Several of the Marines got much in Liquor Yesterday —— a very fine breeze —— went by the Log last 24 hours 172 miles —— had no observation to day it been thick rainy wether —— our consorts in compy. —— it has turned out a fine afternoon but very little wind

Thursday the 27

dreamt about Kempster I thought Betsey that him and I was in a Strange place —— I hop that nothing is the matter with him or family —— in the night the wind freshend up —— a dirty day had no observation to day —— I wish to God that we had got to Botany that I might be able to get Som Greens or other for I am much affraid that I shall get the Scurvy —— oh that I was onc[e] got home to you my beloved Betsey how I would kiss and presse you to my Bosom

Friday the 28

dreamt my Beloved that I was at home with you and that I wanted you and you would not let me —— a very fine day —— our two consorts in company —— went by the log last 24 hours 152 miles —— Latt in to day 43–57 South —— how thankful we ought to be to God for the fair wind that we have had for these Six weeks past —— if it contunious 14 days more I hope to be at Botany for never was any body So Sick of the Sea as I am —— if I could heer or See or [have] You to be with me it would not be So long as it is my beloved wife and Tender Alicia

Saterday the 29

dreamt that you and I was walking in a Strange Place my Beloved woman and it was raining very hard and you had nothing on You but a white bed Gown and black handkerchiff and I wanted to goe back for your Cloak but you would not let me —— I hope in God my beloved Betsey that you and Ralph are Both in health and welfare —— what would I give my God my God to here from you —— it will be a long long time before I can —— a very fine day and have a most charmin run last 24 hours went 181 miles —— Latt in 43–56 South So that it is all Longe. that we have made

Sunday the 30

Kist your dr. Pictour as usual on this day and God Bless you my Betsey —— read the Prayers and lessons of the day —— the Scarborough a little befor 8 haild use and ask how we all did —— told them very well as the[y] wair also the[y] informed use that the[y] were in Longd. 123–4 East —— Capt. Walton informd them that he was in 119 odd —— a bout 10 oClock the Alexander haild use and informd use that they was by a luniar observation this Morning in Longe. 125–2 East told use also that the[y] wair all very well on board —— Latt in to day 43–49 South




  ― 83 ―

Munday the 31

a fine day and good Breeze and that fair thank God —— this is the last day of the Year 1787 —— I hope for your Sake my beloved Alicia that before this time twelf months to be a first Lieut —— to Morrow is New Years day —— hope you and our dr. Sweet Boy will have a happy one and a great many of them is your fond Clark constant Prayer and wish —— went by the log last 24 hours 170 miles —— Latt 43–50 South

JAN 1788

1788 Tuesday the 1

This being New Years day my beloved Alicia I wish You and our dr. boy maney maney happy Returns of the day —— trust in God that he will defend you my Sinceer friend and Amiable wife from all Perils and dangers Preserve You in health and welfare and that of our dear Ralph who is Sweet as the Bloom of Spring is the most Sinceer wish of your dr. and fond husband —— this is the first new Year that I have been away from You hope it will be the last but why doe I hope So when I am certain I must be two or three a way longer —— oh I wish I had never come —— it blows very hard and the wind has headed use very much —— went by the log last 24 hours 168 miles —— Latt in 44–00 South —— it is now 1 oClock and I am going to sit down to the Poorest dinner that ever I Sat down too on a New Years day a pice of hard Salt Beef and a few musty Pancakes and You my Beloved wife wont be out of Bed these 3 hours it not being 5 oClock in the morning in England yet there being more than Eight hours difference —— gave to the men one Quart one pint and a half Pint of Rum it being New Years day to drink your and Ralphes health

Wednessday the 2

Sleep remarkable well I had clean Sheets put on last night —— the wind came aft again in the night ther is now very little of it —— our two consorts in company —— at 11 oClock the Alexander made our Signal to Speak him —— he haild use and informd use that he would his boat on board for a cask of oatmeal which the[y] Soon after did —— I ask the people in the Boat how all the Gentlemen did on board —— the[y] told me very well —— also askd them if the[y] had Buried any body Since the[y] left the cape —— the[y] answerd two convicts but that the[y] were now very healthy only one marine Sick on board —— haild the Alexander and informd them that our oatmeal was very Sower answerd use to Send them the best that we had —— fine mild day —— hope to See the land of New holland by friday or Saterday next —— was obliged to Send the boat away without the Oatmeal found that there was non in the Ship —— haild the Alexander to Know of the Commissary what we was to have in the room of the Oatmeal answerd Pease —— haild the Scarborough and asked them how the[y] all did found them the Same as on board here very well ——




  ― 84 ―

Thursday the 3

dreamt that I was with my Mother and also with Poor Mrs. Stuart good woman —— I hope She is in heaven —— a very fine Breeze —— went by the log last 24 hours 156 miles —— Latt in 43–54 South —— had a very good Lunar observation and they find them Selfs in 141–odd East Longe. So if the Breeze continues we will See the land to Morrow —— Scully Island as Capt. Furneaux cald it after his Brother Place now Parson Furneaux near the mile house —— [bound?] the cables to the Anchors —— our two Consorts in Company —— I was affraid that Capt M and Mr. F would have Quarled to day —— I never came across Such a Selfish fellow in all my life as he is —— I hope that he will not give me cause to Quarle with him for the Short time that we are to be together

Friday 4

dreamt by beloved Alicia again that I was with Mrs. Stuart and that She gave me Some Gold and a Diamond Breast Pine —— dreamt also that Your Brother Mattw. was chasing me on a white horse but I got away from him then I was at Kempsters and was handing Mrs. Kempster in a coach drawn by Six Black horses and that She was going a long Journey —— I hope that nothing is the Matter with Kempster or his family —— a very fine Breeze and as fair as it can blow —— went by the log last 24 hours 191 miles not bad going —— hope to See the land this Evening —— the Mess drew for Some thing that could not be divided there was three prizes and a Blank and I was the most luckily I drawd the Filtrin Stone, the doctor the Mustard Pott and Mr. Faddy a rotten Pumpkin Capt. M the Blank —— Capt. M and Mr. F had Some words again —— Mr. F is the most Selfish grumbling and bad hearted Man I was ever Mess mates with —— I am glad that he is going to leave our Mess when we get to Botany —— I wish that we were there I hope it will not be long —— it came on to blow fresh —— carried away the F T M Studding Sail Boom and rent the sail to pices —— at Six PM: could See no land as was Expected —— at 7 PM the Agent made the Signal for the Ships to Bring too — I am very glad that he has made that Signal not having had any observations to day we might perhaps run on board of it before we knew that we was near it ——

Saterday 5

Lay Too untill 3 oClock this morning —— it blows very hard with Rain 8 oClock not land in Sight —— at 11 oClock Capt Walton and I thought that we Saw the land and So it was for Soon after the man at the Mast Head cald out that he Saw the land to windward —— made the Signal to the Agent that we Saw the land by hoisting the Ensing which the[y] Answerd —— it is very hight land —— I am Glad that we have Seen the land —— I wish that I was going from as I am going to Stay on


  ― 85 ―
it for Some time —— it is a great Way to Botany near Eight hunder miles Yet and the wind is a foul as it can blow —— the land Bears from use NNE —— had no observation —— I wish to god that we were got to ane Anchor at Botany Bay as well for my self as for the Poor Sheep on Board —— the[y] have hardly hay Sufficient to keep life in them if we Should be oblig to Stay out much longer the[y] must all die and we be obliged to Eat our Provision without cooking it as there will be no firing in the Ship —— the wood has been out these 3 weekes past and the[y] Say ther is not a weeks coals in the Ship a poor look out for them that had the fitting the Ships out —— what would we have done if we had not had Such fair winds as we have been Blest with Since we left the other Ships we must all have Starved —— one of the Lams died in the night —— 3 oClock it blous very hard —— Stood from the land the[y] brought too under close reeft T Sails —— poor things one of the Sheep died this afternoon and Several more will goe the Same way in a few days —— kild one of the Young Pigs this afternoon how I shall feast to morrow —— Please God I wish that you were here my beloved Betsey to have a pice of it for I know that you are as Remarkably fond of Pig as I am ——

Sunday 6

could not get to Sleep untill 3 oClock this morning and did nothing all the time but think about You and our dr. Sweet Boy —— it blow very hard in the night —— it been Sunday Kist Your dr. image as usual on this day and read the Prayers Lesson and Spalms for the day —— thank God this is a fine day and Standing in for the Land —— the Scarborought made the Signal at 11 oClock for Seing the land —— Saw the land Soon after from the deck it appears very hight the Same as the land that we Saw Yesterday but it cannot be the Same as we run a great way to the Southward and Eastward —— Latt in to day 44–01 South —— this being old Chrismas day I wish you manny happy Returns of the day my dear Woman God preserve you in health and welfare is your Clark constant Prayer —— the land bears from use NN:W: about 5 or 6 Leagues —— made a most excelent dinner —— a 4 PM the Scarborough haild use and asked use how all did —— told them very well as we found them —— another of the Sheep died this afternoon poor things I am affraid the[y] will all died if we dont get in Soon a 6 the Agent made the Signal to Speak the Scarborough ——

Munday 7th.

very little wind and much warmer than we have had it Since we left the Cape —— the land not in Sight —— Served the Mens Necessaries —— made a twelf [night] cake and it is very good but not So good as if You had


  ― 86 ―
made it Alicia —— I wish that it was of your making —— Latt in 43–46 South —— had two pair of Breechess made of the pice of Nankeen which I bought at the cape and was obliged to cut up one of my Shirts for Pockits and linning —— I could not wear it any longer it been So torn and gone Bad ——

Tuesday 8th.

dreamt again my beloved Alicia that I Saw You big with child my dr. woman I wish that I was at home we would See what we could doe and get a little Alicia to be the image of your self —— I also dreamt Some thing about Kempster but I doe not Recollect what it was —— this is a foggy day and the wind Quite against use —— ½ past 8 the agent made the Scarborough Signal to Speak him —— at 10 the Scarborough haild use and told use to keep near the Agent as it is foggy wether and that if the wether continued So that when he made the Signal to Tack if he could not See use or the other Ship he would fire 2 Guns which was to be Answerd by one from use and the Scarborough —— Majr. Ross askd Capt. M if the Marine Cloothing was done and to get the Mens Arms and Accoutrement ready for landing —— drew a Quart of Rum to give the Tayler and the man that cut my hair a Glass of Grog each —— Latt in 43–06 South —— at 5 PM the Alexr. made the Signal for the land —— Saw the land a few Minuets after very plain —— the Scarborough haild use again and told use that Majr. Ross desired use to give the Sheep anything that the[y] would eat as the hay was all out and the corn did not agree with them and desired use to hail the Alexr. and See if the[y] had any hay which we Soon after did but the[y] have got non —— the Land is St. Marias Island distance 4 or 5 Leagues and the land to Leeward of use is Cald Tasmans head distance between 6 or 7 Leagues —— at ½ past Six the Agent made the Signal for the Ships to Tack —— answerd it and Soon after Tacked —— Saw a great manny Seals about the Ship —— Saw also the Trees on the Shore after the fogs clearing away —— it looks if it would blow hard to night ——

Wednessday 9

it blow in the night and dose still very hard —— Split our FTM Stay Sail in the night and carry away our peak haillaird this forenoon —— our consorts in Sight —— the wind as foull as it can blow —— I wish that it would come fair —— Latte 43–17 South —— lost 11 miles Since Yesterday —— 2 oClock PM almost Quite calm I hope that we are going to have a fair wind my dear Betsey my Beautiful fair one —— ½ past 3 thank God the wind is come Quite fair —— I hope it will remain So it has been a Terrible night and day for the poor Sheep and Young Lambs I wish the[y] were all at Botany ——




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Thursday 10

dreamt that I was with Kempster Smugellin —— it blows very hard —— another of the Sheep died this morning She was big with Lamb and Several more are lickly to goe the Same way —— Saw Several Seals about the Ship —— Latt in 42–09 South —— less wind than there was in the morning —— 4 oClock Quite Moderat —— caught what the[y] call in England a Horse Sting Some a Kingsfisher fly —— it must have been blown of from the land —— this is a hard harted wind I wish that it would change and come fair ——

Friday 11

in the middle watch it was Quite calm and Soon after it came to blow very hard as it dose at this present —— oh my dear woman if you was on board how Sea Sick you would be but I wish to God that You was I should be much happier than I am at present for then I should be able to have You in my arms and attend You if You was Sick wher I am oblige to be content with huggin your dear Pictour to my fond Bosom —— oh my God when shall I here from You how long will it before —— oh I pray constantly for them to goe that I might again pres You to this fond Breast of mine your tender husbands —— God out of his goodness bless and preserve You and that of our dear Son —— 12 oClock it Still blows very hard —— Latt in 42–07 South —— a great manny Albertrosses flying about ——

Saterday 12

It blow in the Night Remarkable hard —— Split to pices our main Stay Sail —— dreamt that Majr. Foster was dead and that Mrs. F was going to be married to Capt. Cumings —— that God the wind is much more favourable and it dont blow to So hard nor So great a Sea —— could hardly Sleep for the Ships rolling for she did roll most Tremendously —— it is Quite a fine day got up our TG Yards which we were oblige to get down Yesterday —— the Scarborough haild use and askd use how we all did and found them the Same as we very well —— hope to be at Botany bay by Tuesday next if the wind Stands —— Latt in to day 39–14 South ——

Sunday 13

For these Several day past have been all over Small pimples which Ich very much have taking a dose of Physick to day for it —— hope that will doe me good —— there have been but little wind these last 24 hours —— this being Sunday Kist Your dear Pictour as Usual on this day —— Read the Prayers lesson and Spalms for the day —— I wish that a fair wind would come for I long much to get ashore my beloved Betsey to have Some fish or anything fresh for I cannot eat the Salt Beef and Pork I am Quite Sick of them —— a good wind would carry use there in two


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days it not being above 260 miles from use now —— Latt in to day 38.22 South —— our consorts in Compy ——

Munday 14

dreamt My Beloved Betsey that I was Made a First Lieut and when I told it you, you Cryd on which I took You in my fond arms and gave you a fond kiss —— Geo Ventor was who inform me that he had Received a letter from Mr. Martine where he informed him that I and two more were made first Lieuts. —— I wish to God that it was so my Tender woman for Your Sake and that of our dear Boy's —— dreamt also Something about Capt. O'Dotherty but dont Recollect what it is —— it has fell Quit Calm Since four oClock this morning —— I was in hopes that we would have been able to have Seen the land this Evening but Since the wind has left use we will not —— drew Yesterday one Gallen and a half of Rum from the Stewart being part of my Allowance which I have Bottled up and will draw the remainder what is due to me to Morrow —— thank God (10 oClock) there is a little Breeze come hope it will help use along although it is not So fair as it was Yesterday afternoon —— it is very warm to day —— Latt in to day 36–41 South So that we have only 161 miles of Latt to goe to Botany and a few of Longd. —— this Breeze which we have got from the Eastward would Just carry use in to the Bay or harbour being a fair wind in —— the Physick which I took Yesterday has done me a great dele of good —— I wish that I had a pice of a goose I would much reather Sitt down to it than the dinner which I am going to partake of today Pease Soup and Pork and Rice puddon —— I am Quite tired of them all —— a great number of fish Seen about the Ship amonst the number a very Ugly one which the Sailors call devil fish ——

Tuesday 15

dreamt last Night My Beloved Alicia that I was with You in strange Place and that I long for a Goose but could not get any but You Sent my dr. woman and got me Some Mutton chops —— I hope to God that you or our dear Boy are not ill for if you Recollect You often told me that dreaming of Meat or Eating was a Sign of Sickness —— I hope to God that it may not be So —— a fine day got up early but no land in Sight and have Stood the Same way —— 10 oClock the agent made the Signal for Seeing the land —— Saw it Soon after from the deck right a head —— it appears very high land —— 12 oClock close in with the land by the charts it is Cape Dromadary about 138 miles to the Southward from Botany Bay —— can See the Trees very plain on the Shore —— I wish it was Botany —— Latt in 36–18 South —— have gone only 23 miles last twenty four hours to the Northward the wind being So much


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against use it cannot be worse —— 1 oClock the Agent made the Signal for the Ships to Tack —— Tacked and hove too to Sound and found the depth of Water 30 fathom fine Sandy Bottem with Shells and Small Stones —— got my camp Table finished this afternoon for which I am very Glad —— gave one of the Marines a Glass of Grog for Eight half pennys to make me Som hingens for my Tea caddy's —— two of Seamen Sick being the only that may be cald Sick and they are not very bad thank God we have been Remarkably lucky having been So healthy he has been very good to use —— at 6 PM the Agent made the Signal for the Ships to keep near him —— a great manney Porpoises a long Side the Ship hope it will be a Sign to that the wind is going to change ——

Wednessday 16

Sleep remarkably bad from the Ships picthing So much —— dreamt that Poor Reynolds was dead —— I hope that there is nothing going a miss with him Poor fellow —— dreamt also that I Saw Mr. Hartwell who also told me that Reynolds was dieng at Sallys at the Coffy house —— little wind and that as bad a wind as blows —— at 9 the Signal made to Tack Ship and Stand in shore —— at 10 the Signal made to Tack Ship again for the wind heads use on this Tackd —— at 12 the Signal for Tack Ship again the wind is it Seems to be against use let use Stand on what Tack we will —— I wish to God my lovely woman we had got to Botany we dont lay Better upon this Tack than NW and be W: the wind cannot be worse than it is at present —— it being cloudy had no observ. to day it is become Quite a Calm ——

Thursday 17

it thundered an Lighning very much last night and never Saw So havey rain —— it began at 6 oClock in the Evening & continued untill 11 the fell calm from blowing almost a hurrican —— dreamt that Your Sister Mary and I were at the Prince George in Plymh. but I dont know how She or I come there but She was drest like a Servent Girl —— I hope Poor Girl she is as well as I wish her —— then She wont be bad of my dear Betsey —— it is quit a calm and the Sun is Remarkable hott —— I wish to God that a fair wind would come for 12 hours then we would be at Botany —— we have been Sett away to the Southward Since the day befor Yesterday 15 miles So that we are that much father from Botany than we was then —— Latt in to day 36–33 South —— Got a dale box made to hold my Butter flys for you my dear woman —— thank God that we have got a fair wind —— hope it will remain So Untill the day after to morrow ——




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Friday 18

dreamt by beloved Alicia that I was walking with You and that you was in Your Riding habit then Mrs. and Mr. Kempster was with use but I Soon after lost You and So I did them —— oh my dr. woman when Shall I be able to here from You —— oh my Tender Betsey what would Your fond Ralph give for a letter from You my dear Beloved wife I must not think too much about it otherwise I Shall be besides myself —— fine Breeze and that as fair as it can blow and the day not So very hott as it was Yesterday and the day before —— Latt in 35–34 —— The Scarborough haild use and askd use how we all did told them as Usual all well —— at Six oClock P.M. the man at the Mast head cald out for Seing the land on the L.Bow —— made the Signal to the other Ships which they Answerd —— Saw the land Soon after from the deck but not very plain —— one of the Sheep poor thing is So Wek that She could not bring forth her lamb So that they were oblige to take them away by force and the[y] were both dead —— I am Surprize that any of the Sheep are alive for the[y] have had nothing for these Several days past but water and flouer —— I hope we will get in to morrow as much for my own as there Sakes poor things —— 1p[m] the Agent made our Signal to Speak use —— Soon after 2 haild use to know how the land Bore Answerd W:N:W: —— Spoke to Balmain and Sharp and found them all well ——

Saterday 19

Got up very Early to See the Land which was very near use —— thank God that there was a fine Breeze —— 9 oClock Saw the Supply Brigg in Botany Bay at Anchor —— Saw at 10 oClock a great maney of Natives of Point Solander as it is cald to which we went very near which is the South Point as we goe in to the Bay —— Saw also a great manny on the North Shore —— at ½ past ten came to ane Anchor and found riding heer the Supply Who only had got in Yesterday at 2 oClock —— the Supplys Boat came on board with Some hay for the Sheep which I am very Glad of for the Poor Sheep that had her Lambs taking from her died in the night —— the Supply Boat has been on Shore often had intercourse with the Natives who the[y] Say are very friendly but I will not trust them —— thanks to my good and Gracious God for his kindness to your Ralph in preserving me in health and welfare and from the dangers of the Sea and has brought me Save to the place of our destination —— oh my Beloved Betsey return thanks and Prayers to him for his kindness to me and I hope that he will be —— friend me still —— I cannot Say from the appearence of the Shore that I will like it the only thing I ask is that it may be a healthy place —— Capt M went on board the Scarborough where he Staid all day ——


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Lieut J Johnstone came on board to See me and Staid to Tea —— caught a great manny fish ——

Sunday 20

Kist Your dear Imaged as Usual on this day and read the Prayers as usual on dito —— Sent a Copl. and four men on shore on duty and Capt. M and the doctor return long after I was in bed and Capt. M a little gone —— he informed me that it was Majr. Ross orders that ane officer Should constanty be on deck Day and night which will be hard duty for Faddy and me but Since it is So I will doe it with the greater Pleasure —— at 9 oClock the Supply made the Signal for the fleet —— Soon after Saw them in the offing coming in which the[y] did —— Soon after all the Ships which beloning to the fleet which we parted compy. —— thank God the[y] are all come Save —— haild the P. of Wales and Charlott and ask the Lads on board how the[y] did answerd all well —— I also haild the Lady Penryn and found them on board there well —— a very fine day —— it is not resolved on what Side we Shall Settle Yet —— I wish the[y] were a little quick about it —— Robt. Sidaway was put out of Irons this day ——

Munday 21

a very fine day —— Capt M and Mr. F went fishing at day light and Staid all day —— Lieut J Johnstone came on board with order for me to goe on Shore with a Party of Men consisting of ten and Sergt. and brought with him four tents which I am to pitch by day light and to See the orders put in force for which See the orderly Book —— caught but very little fish —— it is remarkably hott what must it be on Shore if it is So here

Tuesday 22

Lieut Long come on board with orders from Majr. Ross to countermand the orders of my going on Shore this morning According to the orders of Yesterday —— a very hott day —— Mr. F went on Shore with Lieut King of the Sirius to Show him the place wher Capt M and him Yesterday —— Capt. M. went out of the Ship Early this morning and dined out —— orders came on board for to hold the men beloning to Capts. Campbells and Tenchs companies to hold themselfs in readyness to Land to Morrow Morning Early —— the Commondor went out Yesterday to Brocking Bay about 6 Leagues to the northward to See if there is a better place for use to Settle and more water than there is here —— he is not Yet Returnd I Believe he will tonight —— the Doctor went on board the Scarborought and Alexr. and I am left here by my self to think the more over your Virtueus my dear Betsey may the great God Bless you ——




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Wednessday 23

went on board the Scarborough with Arendell to Breakfast there —— from that went on Shore with him and Davey to the South Shore where the[y] intend to make the Settlement where we Saw Majr. Ross —— Walk a great way in the country use three and Willm.[?] but did not See any of the Natives —— after walking a great way Sat down to dinner with what we had brought with use when Arundell by Accident run the Kniff throu his hand —— I bound it up & Stopd the Blood —— I hope that the Comr. will find out a better place at Port Jackson for use to Settle for if we are oblige to Settle here at the Place they intend there will not a Soul be a life in the course of a Year —— the Comr. is Returnd as the Boats are comming in —— returned on board the Scarborough where we Staid Supper then Returned on board —— thank God that we are to Remove to port Jackson and not Stay here at Botany Bay —— the Comr. Says he would not wish for a better place to Settle at than at Port Jackson both healthy and a pleasent Spot —— I wish that we may find it So ——

Thursday 24

how I am disapointed for this morning the[y] Said that theer were two Ships or Supposed from England —— I was my beloved wife that the[y] were from England but the Comr. Says that the[y] are two French Ships on discoverys in the South Seas —— I though[t] to have had a letter before now from You —— this Morning the wind is against them the[y] will not be able to come in —— when will I my beloved Betsey be able to here from You I Sometimes think never —— oh Terrible thought Such thoughts will Soon bring me to my Grave —— Capt. Shea and Balmain dinned on board of use and Sharp came on board to Tea and Staid Supper —— orders came on board for which See the orderly Book

Friday 25

gott under way about 5 oClock in the morning but was obliged to bring too again as was the rest of the Ship could not get out of the Bay otherwise this would be a fine wind for use to Port Jackson we would get there in a few hours with this wind in 3 hours —— I am very happy my Betsey that we are not to Stay here and So near going for if we had staid here it would have been the Grave of all of use —— the Strang Sails not in Sight —— this is a fine wind if the[y] intend to come in here —— Sent two corporals away on board the Charlotte According to orders of Yesterday and 4 convicts on board the Sarborough by Majr. Ross's orders who came on board after we had gott all innote —— for that purpose was obliged to come to an Anchor as was all the rest of the Ships the wind blowing So hard that we cannot get out —— the Comr. in the Supply gott under way again this forenoon and got out —— it blows very hard and a great Sea rolling into the Bay ——




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Saterday 26

had the first and Morning watch last night —— Since it is Majr. Ross's orders that the officers Shall keep watch I am resolved to keep it —— let others doe as they think proper for I should not wish to get into any Scrape which I otherwise Should if I did not keep watch according to orders —— at 6 in the morning Saw the two Strange Ships comming but find that there are french by there coulours but cannot Say Where from the[y] were last or where the[y] are bound too but Suppose that the[y] are the Ships that Saild on discoverys from france —— at 8 oClock gott under way as did all the Ships and the two french Ships came to an Anchor —— the[y] are much larger than any of our[s] —— both kings Ships the one having a broad pennent and the other a comon at the M T G M H —— little wind in the narrows going out there being little wind and the place very narrow and the wind Quite against use —— the Prince of Wales and us got foul of each other they carried away our Jibb Boom but what dammadge we did her I cannot Say as I did not lick it I was affraid that we would both have being driven on Shore as the blow fresh —— Soon after the Charlotte ran foul of use and Shooke use very much —— I was more frightend than I was When the prince of Wales was foul of use —— if it had not being by the greatest good luck we Should have been both on Shore on the rocks and the Ships must must have been all lost and the greater part if not the whole on board drownd for we Should have gone to pices in less than a half of an hour but how good the Almighty is to use —— I return him my most Sincer prayers for his Kindness to use —— thank god we have got clear out as hav all the Ships and hope to be in the course of a few hours at Port Jackson as it is a fine fair Breeze —— as we run along the Shore Saw a great number of firess and a few Natives —— blessed be to God that we have got Save to ane Anchor in one of the finest harbours in the world —— I never Saw any like it —— the River Thames is not to be mentioned to it and that I thought was the finest in the world —— this Said port Jackson is the most beautiful place —— I cannot compair any think to come nearer to it than about 3 miles above Saltash to the Wair —— here we make the Ships fast to the Trees on Shore both sides of Governours Cove —— we are about 5 miles from the entrance —— found all the Ships here at anchor ——

Sunday 27

Kist your dear Pictour as Usual on this day and read the lessons for the day —— order came on board for which See the orderly Book —— my dear wife —— Sent the men beloning to Capt. Tench Company on board the Charlotte to be landed from ther —— dinned by myself all the rest dinned out —— I am Quite charmed with the place —— oh that if you


  ― 94 ―
was only here and our dear Boy my Alicia I Should not wish to come home if the place agreed with our health but without you I would not Stay if it was the best place under the face of heaven no that I would not my dear Beloved wife for without you I cannot live. The Tents look a prety amonst the Trees —— I hope to be on Shore to morrow if Please good

Munday 28

Got up early this morning and Sent all the Convicts on Shore except them that were Sick —— thank God that the[y] are all out of the Ship hope in God that I will have nothing to doe with them any more —— at 10 Debarkt with all the [other?] Marines and there Baggage Except my own —— I never Saw So much confusion in all the course of my life as there was in the three compys. disembark —— after I had Pitchd it twice but thank God I Sleept very well but reather cold —— I and Tom davy are in a Markee —— we let Lieut Timming lay his cott down and Sleep with use as he had not his gott upnote

Tuesday 29

got early this morning and had nothing for Breakfast Except a Pice of Biscuit and a drink of cool water —— remarkably hott ——

Wednesday 30

Employd in getting my things on shore gott all but my Box of Shot —— remarkably hott here —— I am my Beloved Alicia with all my farm Stock consisting of 2 hens and one Piggs hope that it will multiply fast with the Assistance of God —— I hope that I will doe very well —— I am for Guard to morrow

Thursday 31

what a Terrible night it was last of thunder lighting and Rain —— was obliged to get out of my tent with nothing one but my shirt to Slacking the tent Poles —— dreamt of You my dear Sweet woman and that I was in bed with you and that I dreamt also that I was very Angry with You and that I wanted to run Kempster throu for a Breach of Friendship — remarkably hott have nothing to Sleep but a Poor Tent and a little grass to Sleep on —— Several of the convicts have Run away —— one or two of them have Come back having been to Botany Bay to See if the French Ships which we left there would take them but the[y] would [not] —— I hope the Governour will make ane Example of Some of them —— Sent for Stephen Mullot and gave him a glass of Rum and water on our dear Aunt Hawkings Sake —— my Belove Betsey gave also one Smith what I left at dinner because he came from dock and Know Aunt Hawkings —— Meridith came over and Staid with me and then Sent me my dinner —— the[y] are getting up the Govenours House as fast as the[y] can ——

FEB 1788




  ― 95 ―

Feby. Friday 1st.

Capt. Meridith and Davey came over last night and Staid Supper with me — Meridith Sent me some fish which I had boild —— in all the course of my life I never Sleept worse my dear wife than I did [last] night —— what with the hard cold ground Spiders ants and every vermin that you can think of was crauling over me I was glad when the morning came —— my poor Poutch was my Pillow —— dreamt that I was in the dockyard and that a Gentleman a stranger told me that the things that I Saw were Kempsters which he had bought as a Saile —— went out with my Gun and Kild only one Parrot —— the[y] are the most beatifuless birds that I ever Saw —— when it is please god that I am to Return to you my dear woman I will bring Some of them home for you

Saterday 2d.

got up at day light and order the men of the company to Strick there tents and pitch them about 20 Yards from the ground where the[y] first Stoode which was done in a Quarter of an hour —— Davey and Meridith and I went to dine at the hospital and had a good dinner of fish —— dreamt Saterday night as usual ——

Sunday 3

Kist your dear Beloved Image a thousand time as being your Birth day oh my God my God Send my dear wife your Servant maney Many happy Returns of this day —— oh my dear Betsey the Almighty I trust in his goodness will Take care of you to make your fond Ralph the most happy and Blest man on the face of the earth —— oh Spear her good Lord —— I have ask Tom Davey and Meridith come and drink a Glass of Punch in honour of your Birth day my heavenly woman we are to have Prayers to day on the grass when I will call on my God to protect you more and more —— Wm. Collings Breackfast with me to day —— I brock one of my Goblets Yesterday which I am very Sory for but it is gone and I can not help it —— had a very Good Sermon —— Prayed for You and our dr. Boy my beloved Alicia god Send you your health is your affectioned Ralphies Wish ——

Munday 4

made Capt. M, Wm. Colling Tom davey and Tom Timins more than half and the[y] drunk health and long life you and our Boy —— the convicts employed in clearing the Ground of the Trees ——

Tuesday 5

Nothing Exstrordinary my dr. wife —— the[y] are clearing the ground as fast as they can ——

Wednessday 6

went out a Shooting with J Johnstone and I kild a duck, a few Small birds which with the duck I Sent to M Ross where I went to Supper being ask ——




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Thursday 7

my God how it did thunder and Lighting —— was very much frightened for the Centinell before Majr. Ross markee while we were at Supper was knock down with it —— I thought at first that he had been Struck by the lighting as he came running and making a great noise and fell flat dount at my feett but he was not hurt but I am Sorry to find that by the very hard clap of Thunder the lightning Struck one of the Trees near where we were at Supper and Kild Six Sheep 2 Labms and one Pigg belonging to Major Ross —— my 2 two Piggs were not above Two Yards from the place —— above all the Places in the world this is the most terrible for thunder and lightening —— there has not a day gone over our heads but ther has been Seveer thunder and Lighting —— got up very early to dress as the Govenours Commissions and the other officers were read to day —— all the Battalion were under arms and all the convicts attended —— I never herd of any one Single Person having So great a Power in Vested in him as the Govenour has by his commission —— all the officers dinned with him on a cold collation but the Mutten which had been kild yesterday morning was full of maggots nothing will keep 24 hours in this country I find ——

Friday 8

Capt. Shea Kild to day one of the Kankeroos it is the most curiest of annimals that I ever Saw —— confined one of the convicts for Stricking John West one of the drummers and abusing the Drum Major —— the Same weather thunder and lightening ——

Saterday 9

Satt my dear wife as one of Members of the court Martial to troy Prisoners when Brimage was Sentanced to Receive 200 lashes on his bare back for stricking one of the convict women because She would not goe up in the woods with him and to X —— also Sentanced Green both marines one hunder lashes for been drunk on Guard but recommend him to the commanding officer [for mercy?]note

Sunday 10

mounted the Govenours Guard to day by which I could not attend prayers but kist your dear Pictour as Usual on this day —— was very much frightened by the Lightening as it brock very near my as I was Sitting in my tent on Guard —— it is nothing else but the Lightening that has burnt all the trees but it —— my dear woman I return my God thanks that You did not come out for I should have gone mad if you for fear that the lightening would have hurted you or our dear boy —— I could not Stay longer than the three Years for the world —— I wish that I could get home now I should goe mad for you would be so frightened with the thunder and Lightening ——




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Munday 11

Several of the convicts were married Yesterday and amonst them that were have left wives and familes at home —— a good God what a Seen of Whordome is going on there in the womans camp —— no Sooner has one man gone in with a woman but a nother goes in with her —— I hope the Almighty will keep me free from them as he has heather to done but I need not be affraid as I promised you my Tender Betsey I will keep my word with you —— I never will have any thing [to do with]note any woman what ever except your Self my dear wife I will be true to my Betsey my love for you will keep me So —— was Summonds to attend the criminal court to day as being an Evidence against the Man whom I confined on the 8 inst for Stricking the drumr. —— to day was the first time that I ever took ane Oath —— the court was composed of Capt. Colling a Judge Advocate Capt. Hunter Lieuts. Ball and Bradly Navy Capts Shea and Meridith and Lieut Creswell marines —— I dont know what the centance is —— the Same weather as before fine Morning but terrible Evening ——

Tuesday 12

went to here the Sentence read over the Prisoner —— the man that I confined was found Guilty of the whole charge and Sentance to Receive 150 lashes on his bare back —— the other for Stealing (Hill that came out in our Ship) a little Bread to be send to a Small Island at the mouth of the harbour in Irons for Eight days on bread and water —— the other for Given —— the man Received his punishment accordent to his centance and the marines were punished last Evening Accordent to theres but Green was forgiven —— the Patroles caught 3 Seamen and a Boy in the womans camp and the[y] were drumd out of our the male convicts and woman camps —— the Boy was the handsomest that I ever Saw Except our dear Boys —— the Majr. Sent for one of the womens peticoats and put it on the Boy who cut the droles appearents that I ever Saw —— I hope this will be a warning to them from coming into the whore camp —— I would call it by the Name of Sodem for ther is more Sin committed in it than in any other part of the world ——

Wednessday 13

dreamt my Belovd Betsey that I was with you and that I thought I was going to be arrested and that You was in the greatest concern for me that could be —— I also after dreamt that I thought that you was Sitting on a Stool and that I did [X with]note you my dear wife —— I also Saw old Nanny I hope in the great God that there is nothing the matter with you my Tender Alicia or that of our dear Boy —— oh how long will it be before I Shall here from you —— Whome I only breath for —— may our Gracious God Protect you and Preserve is my Sinceer wish —— all


  ― 98 ―
the officers went and herd the Govenours and Judge Advt. commissions read —— I never herd So great a power in vested in any man as there is in the Govr. —— Capt. Tench Spoke to the Govr. by the disire of all the Officers conserning the different duties that has been put on use and hope that he would Back our representation to the King of being payd for the Exstra duties that in which he said he would with all his intrust after which Pouldon and Collins and Self went out a Shooting —— lost Pouldon in the woods and fell in with J: Johnston —— I did not burn powder although I Saw a great manny Kankeroos —— Returnd and William Collins and Self Satt down to dinner —— drumd out to day four more Seamen beloning to the Transports the Same as the others —— it Raind very hard for about ½ ane hour this afternoon —— Pouldon at last found his way after much diffictulty and Quite [wet through]note

Thursday 14

very cold this last night —— I wish that it would Remain So my dear Beloved Alicia then we would not have So much thunder and Lightening as we have had when the wind comes from the Northward —— I wish that it would remain as it is at Present to the Southward —— this morning Early Saild His Majs. Brigg Supply with Several Male and famele convicts to Norfolk Island Under Lieut King of the Navy to Settle there —— Lieut King is appointd Govenour of the Same Island —— there are no Inhabitance on the Island —— Mounted Guard (the Rear) —— a fine day —— Gave Stephen Mullot Some Grogg and Meat on our dear Aunt Hawkings Account —— God Bless her dear woman because She is So like our dear Sweet heavenly Mother whome there is not the least manner of doubt but that She is now in heaven —— if ever ther was a good woman She was one ——

Friday 15

very much fatigued was up late and again at three oClock to goe the Rounds —— Supped with Majr. Ross —— the Governor is gone father up the Harbour and a party of men with him with two days provisions —— Capt. Shea Shot a nother Kankeroos which had a Young one which he has also brought in —— the[y] are the most Exstradinory animal that I ever Saw for the[y] have a Pocket at the bottom of ther Belly where the[y] carry ther Young in case of danger wher the Titesnote comes —— the first I Kill I will have it Stouft and Sent home to You my dr. Beloved Alicia —— one of the convict women was floggd at the carts Tail for Stealing from a nother convict woman —— also Bennet that came out on our Ship was flogd for the Same crime —— Pouldon Servant who went out a Shooting with Creswell yesterday


  ― 99 ―
Morning and lost himself he is not Yet come in —— You cannot conceive my dear woman what a woody country this is and all the Trees are burn —— Everybody Supposes it is from the Lightening which now begin to think my Self —— I hope that the Almighty will preserve use from it and restore my to you my dear beloved and heavenly woman is my constant wish ——

Saterday 16

went out a Shooting Soon after Breackfast and Took Copl. Goff with me who was very near blowing his hand of as I gave him my Fuze to Shoot with —— in firring at a Cocka Too it burst in the Barral but thank God it did not hurt him —— I only Shot one Cocka Too —— the[y] are most beautiful bird —— I hope to God to be able to get Some alive to carry home with me for you my dear wife —— after dinner went in the boat with Meridith up the harbour and Shot a few Parrokits —— went to bed Early ——

Sunday 17

this being the Lords day Got up early and kist your dear Sweet Image as usual on this day —— Major Ross Send down to ask me I would be so good as to let the Govenour have our Markee to Take Scacerment in which I could not refuse and I am happy that it is to be in my Markee —— never did it Receive So much honour —— oh my God my God I wish that I was fit to take the Lords Supper —— when it Pleases him that I return home the first thing that I will doe Shall be it with you my dear Betsey —— I will keep this Table also as long as I live for it is the first Table that ever the Lords Supper was eat of in this country —— Pouldons Servant is this fore noon come in after wandring the country up and down —— my Tooth Pains me very much ——

Munday 18

was very ill with the Tooth eack all last night —— got up early and went to the Hospital and had it puld out Buy Mr. Consident —— oh my God what pain it was it was So fast in and the Jaw bone very fast to one of the prongs the Tooth would not come out without breacking the Jaw bone which he did —— I thought that half of my head would have come off —— there is a piece of the Jaw bone remaining to the Tooth —— the Pain was So great my dear wife that I fainted away and was very ill the remainder of the day but I could not let Consident report to Majr. Ross that I was ill but would goe on Picket —— my gum Keep Bleeding all the day ——

Tuesday 19

having the Picket lay with my cloaths on and had but little Sleep as my Jaw paind me very much but in the course of the little I did Sleep I


  ― 100 ―
dreamt that I was with you my Tender woman and I thought that I Saw Your head was drest out and Small Sparks of fire in your hair that you often told me was Malice — I hope to god that you are only well and that of our dear Boy and I don't cear for any bodys Malice — went on Guard over the Governors to day wher I have done nothing but thinking of You and our dear Son — oh my beloved Betsey oh my dr. woman how tenderly I love you both — my face very much Sweld and the Pain at times very great — the Govr. told me that the indians had gone to the number of 20 over to the Island wher the Sirius Gardian and where there is only 3 men and the half had come up and were very Kind to the three men while the others Stole what the[y] could lay there hands on but one of the men Seing them carring of ane Axe and Spade he fired at the man that had the Spade with small Shot and struck him about the legs when the[y] dropt the spade but the[y] carried of the other things — they are the Greatest thefs that ever lived — I think that we are in a fine stat we brought nothing but thefs out with use to find nothing but thefs

Wednessday 20

got but little Sleep on Guard my Jaw paind and dose now very much and Bleeds every now and then a fresh — the Governor askd Me to Breackfast but my face is so much Sweld that I would not goe — was in a great passion with Ellis a bout his Stupidness — he is the most Stuppid Mortal that I ever Saw but I believe him to be honest which is a great thing and am much attached to him for being So tender to our little Boy dear Sweet fellow when he was at home with him — I wish that I was now with you and him my adorable Alicia I Should be the most happiest man living on the face of the earth — three of our Men were Punished about going to these d…… B……. of convict women they will bring our men into manny Such Troubles — Green that was forgiven the other day was one of them who Received a 100 Lashess and McDonal and Godfray 50 each — the two last came out with me — one Male and one Famele Convict died at the hospital — the French Abby came from Botany Bay and three other Frenchmen to the Govenors —

Thursday 21

my Face Still very much Sweld and at times Bleeds very much — the French Aby came and lookd at my Betseys Butter flys and other insext and he admirers them very much — went out with Capt. Tench and Meridith in his boat up the harbour a Shooting and it came on to blow pretty hard which made it late before we Returned —




  ― 101 ―

Friday 22

the French Men went to Botany this morning he wished much one of my Grass hoppers but I could not think of Parting with any thing that belongs to you my dear Alicia — Remarkably warm to day and hardly any wind — it looks much if it would thunder to day I hope not — my hands very Soor from rowing which I never did before last Saterday

Saterday 23

Nothing Exstrodinary to day — Employed in writing out the orders Since we came on Shore

Sunday 24

dreamt that I was with Kempster at a Sale last night my beloved — this being Sunday Kist your dear Pictour as Usual on the Lords day — Sleep in my coaths all night as having the Picket and have mounted the Qr. Guard this morning So that I shall be obliged to Sleep in my cloaths to night again — it reather hard duty thank God I am very well So I dont much care it will prevent me from running a bout Some — by being on Guard to day prevented attending Divine Service but I will all the Same call on our God for his protection Still and Return him my thanks for his Kindness —

Munday 25

dreamt that I was with You my beloved Alicia and that you not very well — to day two of the women Shot at to day by the Centinells because the[y] would not come back when the[y] cald to them but nether of them I am Sorry to Say are hurt — having not had my cloaths of for these 48 hours I shall goe to Bed Soon to night as I have taking Pouldons Guard who is going to Botany Bay and it look very Awfull — I never Saw a Skiy look So revengful as it dose now — I am affraid that we will have a Terrible night of Thunder and Lightening as it begines to thunder and Lightening arready — Several of the convicts wair Punished and two Seamen beloning to the Transport for given Rum to the convicts —

Tuesday 26

it came on to blow Remarkable hard Soon after I went to bed — I was very much frightened from the wind throu the hollow Trees and thunder it made a Terrible Sound close to our Markee — there was a most darring Robberry comitted by taking away 18 Bottles of wine out of a Tent beloning to the Contractor — this day the comisary commences to Serve his Provisions which is as follows Rations for 7 days for each Marine and Male Convict Seven Pounds of Bread or in lieu ther of 7 Pounds of Flour — Seven Pounds of Beef or in Lieu ther of 4 lb of Pork — three Pounds of Pease — Six Ounces of


  ― 102 ―
Butter — one Pound of flouer or in Lieu ther of half a Pound of Rice — 2/3 of the above for the women but no Spirrits —

Wednesday 27

a Criminal court Sits to day for the Trayer of Such Prisoners as may be brought befor them — amons the Number to be tryd is two that came out of the Ship with me Heny. Lovell and one Ryan — at 1 oClock there Centance was read the charge being clearly Proven of their Stealing Butter Pease and Pork — Thomas Barrit Heny. Lovell Josh. hall and Ryan the three former Received Centance of death and the Latter to Receive 300 Lashes — at 5 oClock PM the Battalion was order under arms for the centance of the Land to be put into Excution and soon after we mach to the place of Execution which was a Tree between the male and female convicts Camp — at a Quarter after 5 the Unhappy men wair brought to the place of Where the[y] were to Suffer when after the Parson had done prayers with them — the Provos Martial put the halter a bout the neck Thos. Barret and he mounted the Ladder — from his going I dont think that he had the least thought that was to Suffer but when the Provos Martial put a handkerchiff a bout his head he turned as white as a sheet — when Soon after the Ladder was puld from under him and he Lanched into the other world without a gron — from every Account he was a great Rascall — the other two Lovell and Hall wair Respited Untill to Morrow — after Barret had hung the usuall time he was cut down and put into a Grave near the Tree by Some of the convicts — am to Mount the Picket to night and to Morrow for Guard — So God Bless you my Alicia —

Thursday 28

My God what a Terrible day this has been of Rain — I never Saw that I Recollect it Rain harder — at three oClock the Battalion as Under Arms for to put the Centance of the Law into Execution of Hall and Lovell who wair Respited by the Governor Yesterday Untill to day — at 4 oClock I brought them with the Gd. to the place wher the[y] wair to Suffer the Same wher ther companion did Yesterday — after the Prayers the Judg. Advocate brought a pardon from the Governor to the Majr. for them on Conditiones of their Being Banished Which they Accepted of and the other that was to Received the 300 Lashes was also forgiven — the whole of the Convicts Sent a petition to the Governor beggins that the[y] might be forgive and not to Suffer death — the[y] also promised that not one amongst them he would have reason to find falt with — the Governor on which he Pardond them — all the time it rained if heaven and earth was coming together —


  ― 103 ―
Ryan his Irons was taking of and dismissed to his work again but Lovell and Hall wair taking with me to the Guard — Hall on his way back told me what the man had Sworn too was nothing but the truth — poor Wm. Collins Still very ill have attended him ever Since he has been ill My Beloved Alicia for he is a great favourite of mine and I think Betsey I am endebted to him from the [illegible] we Received from his father while in the Barracks — dined with Majr. Ross to day who also behaves very Kind to me — have not had my cloaths of Since last Saterday have eather had the Gd. or the Picket

Friday 29

the Criminal Court Still Sitting Since Wednesday and trying the 3 three men for Stealing the wine Mundaynote and two others for Stealing 15 allowances of flouer — Geoe. Wittiker, Danl. Gordon and Jno. Williams two black men — the former wair aquited of the charge about the wine but the two later Received Centance of death and to Suffer at four oClock this Evening — one Shearman and one Freeman wair found Guilty the former in part and to Receive corporal Punishment but the latter found Guilty of the whole for which he is to Suffer death at the Same time — the Battalion was order under Arms at a Quarter befor four oClock and we Marchd to the place of Execution — Soon after the four Unhappy men brought down by the Guard and with halters about their Neck when the Parson had done with them Majr. Ross told them from the Petition of Yesterday that the Governor had also Pardond Gordon on his Condition of being Banishd which you may think Accepted and the other Black who was concerned with Gordon was also Pardond on the Same Conditions and Freeman was also Pardond on Condition of his becoming the common hangman which he accepted — Shearman who was concernd with freeman was also forgiven his corporal punishment but the whole of the convicts wair told that the Governor would never Pardon or Receive any more Petitions from them — I think after his goodness the[y] ought to behave now well but I am almost certain that befor I am a fortnight older Some of them will be brought to tryal for Capital offences — My dr. Betsey Poor Colling is Still very ill as dangeresly ill as he can be

MARCH 1788

Saterday March 1st.

I Supped with Mr. White the Surgeon and Capt. Collins who is very kind to your Clark Betsey — White made me drink Several Glasses of good old Port after Supper as I complaind to him that I had a great Pain in my Bowells and that I was affraid that I was going to have the Same disorder that Poor Colling has the Flux but thank god I am much better and Collings is the Same which I am very Glad — I had a good


  ― 104 ―
nights Rest last night which I can Say that I have not had Since last Saterday not having Sleep out of my cloaths before I intend going Soon to Bed to night as I am again for Gd. to Morrow — Several of our Men taking bad with the Flux which is from the Rainey weather we had the other day and if we dont get hutted Soon we will all be in our Graves befor we think of hutting — this is a very fine day — Removed my Markee to another place dont like the Ground it appears to me if it was damp — I am glad to See in to days orders that the Battalion is orderd to be hutted as soon as possible — I wish it was already done — Capt. M and Arundell went a Shooting up the habour this Morning and the[y] are not Yet Returnd —

Sunday 2d.

Kist your dear Pictour as usual on this day — the Man that went with Capt. M and Arrundell Yesterday Returnd late last night without Capt. M or A and Says that he did not See or heer of them after they landed and that he Staid untill 9 oClock at night before he came away — Majr. Ross Sent for me at day light to goe and See if I could See or heer any thing of M and A — he orderd one of the Transports Boats to attend me — I went to the place wher the[y] landed wher the fire is Still Burning that the man Said the[y] made at this landing — I went a little way in the wood and Blow the Buggal horn but could heer nothing of them So I Returnd to the camp a bout one oClock wher I found that the[y] had come in — the[y] had lost ther way in the woods and could not find wher the place was again so that [they had to stay there]note all night — the[y] are both much [fatigued and at the time were]* very much frightend — Poor Collins very ill he has beg of me to Change Tents with Maxwell Untill he gets well for he cannot bear me to be away from him a Moment which I have agread to — I am not well my Self to day my dear Alicia hope I will be better to Morrow —

Munday 3

went on the Govers. Guard to day — have got a little gripping hope it will goe of — the Govenr. Game or huntsman Shot a Remarkably large Bird to day as bigg as ane Ostrich — the Govenr. went away to Broking Bay Yesterday Morning he has taking 7 days Provisions with him and a party of men I Suppose to See if it will doe as a place of Banishment of them that are order from here as it is about 20 mile to the Northward of this

Tuesday 4

I am Much worse than I was Yesterday gripd very much — Poor Collings growing worse every day —




  ― 105 ―

Thursday 6

Tuesday the moment almost that I was Returnd I was obliged to goe to bed I was so ill my dear wife and Yesterday I never was out of my bed — I was affraid that I Should have caught the disorder that Collings has got but thank God I am much better to day but I Shall take very great cear of my Self — Collins is much better and is Removed on board the Sirius for the benifit of the Air and I am again Removing my own tent — I will not again Remove out from it for it was by that that I caught this illness — Still I have a great pain in my Bowels but I hope only for Your Sake and that of our Sweet Plege of our Love that I will in the course of three or four days be Quite well again — I ought never to be ill for my thinking makes me worse than my disease but it is impossible but to think of You dear heavenly woman and of our Dear Son dear woman and heavenly Boy —

Friday 7

a little better to day Arundell gave me Some Stuff which works me both ways but it has done me a great dele of good — every body tells me that I look very pale I think so my Self and that I am falling away but I trust to God that I Shall be able to make up for it in a few days my beloved woman — Capt. Shea went to Botany Bay Yesterday and is not Returnd — 5 oClock PM find my Self great Better hope it will Remain So my Alicia —

Saterday 8

almost Quite well hope in God I will be so to Morrow — herd from the Sirius that Collings much better — I am Glad for it — Capt. Shea Returnd late last night — Said that the french Ships are ready to Sail and will to Morrow or Next day — the french men Say that the[y] have often been obliged to fire on the Natives for that the[y] are become Most dearing and troublesome — I have not my dr. Alicia Seen one Yet — herd from Collins to day who is much better but weak that he cannot Sit up in bed Poor fellow

Sunday 9

dreamt a great dele about You my beloved Alicia and good Aunt Hawkings and Kempster — I hope to god that you are all well — Kist your dear Pictour as Usual on this day — Read the lessons and prayer for the day ther being No Church the Parson being ill — dinned at the Hospital with Arundell — this day 12 Months is the day that I Embark on board the Transport — my dear wife I wish to God that I never had how I long to be back again to You and our dr. Boy

Munday 10

dreamt that I was at the Barracks and that the room we had Betsey were all on fire and every in the great confusion — Quite well — have


  ― 106 ―
given in my name for duty So that I am for Guard to Morrow — Sat as a Member of the C M to Tray Davey and other Marine for bringing each a Convict woman in to ther tents in the camp and are Centenced to receive Each 150 Lashes — the Governour Returnd late last night and all the party in good health which I am very Glad of — 2 Convicts died at the Hospital

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