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PART TWO 15 FEBRUARY 1790 – 17 JUNE 1792

FEB 1790




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February 1790 Munday 15

Fine clear weather — went up the Harbour in my Boat and went into Lane Cove where I was Yesterday to See Dourrawan and Tirriwan the two Natives that I exchanged the hatchet with Yesterday for there two Spears — I had not gone far up the cove before I Saw the Smook of there fires for which I rowd not Seeing any thing of them — I Cald to them for I was certain that the[y] could not be a great way from me — the[y] Soon Answerd me I then got out of the Boat (Davis) my Convict Servant who was in the Boat with me begd of me not to goe on Shore — he is one of the greatest Cowards living — I cald to them again when I got to ther fire for the[y] had run into the bush on there Seing the Boat pulling towards them — the[y] could See me although I could See nothing of them — on there Seing that it was me who had given them the Hatchet Yesterday the[y] came down to me — the[y] had left Some Muscle on the fire to roast which the[y] both begd of me to eat Some of — before I left the Boat I disired Ellis and (Squirs) my other convict Servant that Should the[y] attempt to throu any of their Spears at me or them to fire without waiting for my Orders but when the[y] found that I had offerd them no harm yesterday the[y] came to me without any weapens — I made Ellis, Davis and Squirs come on Shore to them — Davis trembled the whole time — I herd the crying of children close to me — I asked them for to goe and bring me there (Dins) which is there woman and I would give there woman Some bits of different coulerd cloath which I had brought on purpose to give to them — the[y] made me to understand that there were no women there — I then asked them to goe and bring me down the [*] which is their name for child — Dourrawan went and brought a Boy a bout 3 Years old on his Shoulder — the child was as much frightend at use as Davis was at them — I then desired Tirriwan to goe and bring me down one of his children as Dourrawan informd me that he was the father of the Child he had brought down and that his woman the mother of his child was (poc) dead of the (mittayon) Small Pox — Tirriwan brought also down a Boy much a bout the same age as the other — Tirriwan child was not quite Recoverd from the Small Pox — I asked him for his (din) he Said that She was up in the wood given a Young child the (nipan) the Breast — I gave each of the children a bit of Red cloath — I asked them if the[y] would give me the children for my hatt which the[y] Seemd to wish most for but the[y] would not on any account part with there children which I liked them for — the Governour has often asked me as the Natives Seemd not So much affraid of me as the[y] are of every body else to take one of them and bring them in — Yesterday and to day I might with great ease and without running any


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danger have taken these two men but as I told Ellis when he asked me if I did not intend to take them I told him that it would be very Ungenerous to take them for after the[y] had place Such confidence in use that I could not think of doing it for if I had taken them both what would have become of there young children the[y] must have Starved — after Staying with them for about two hours I got into the Boat and left them and went up the cove about Six miles — the[y] were much affraid of our Guns — I eat one of there Muscles which made me very Sick — in coming back the[y] cald to use to come on shore but it begining to grow dark I wished to get home — I therefore did not goe on Shore to them — the[y] are very fond of asking your names — I told them mine Yesterday which the[y] recollected and cald me by it to day — went and drinked Tea with Majr. Ross and Capt. Campble —

Tuesday 16

Fine weather — after breackfast went up the Harbour in my Boat went a little way up Lane Cove — did not See the two Natives that I was with Yesterday — on my way home I Saw a Native on the Shore with two Spears and a throwing Stick in his hand — I cald to him and puld the Boat in towards him but the moment that he Saw that I was coming on Shore he Set of as if the Devil was after him — I land and took my Gun and made Ellis and my two Convict men doe the Same after making the Boat fast and we went a little way in the wood but could not See or heer any thing of the Native — on Returning back to the Boat I found the Skeleton of a man or Woman — the Skin was Still entire on the back part of the Head and the Hair Still adhering to it which was in colour of light Brown from which I was certain that it could be non of the natives but must belong to Some Unfortunate person that was Kild by the Natives or what is much more dreadful than been Kild by the Natives that of lossing one self and perishing with hunger — it Struck me as it did every body in the Boat that is must be the Skeleton of Mr. Hill a midshipman beloning to the Sirius who was either Kild by the Natives or lost in the woods — I brought the head home with me and Sent it to the Hospital to See if the[y] could inform me if it was a Natives or one of the people that has been missing when it proves to be the Head of one Hill a convict that was loss from Rose Hill near a twelf month Since — The Surgeons wanted for me to give them the Skull but I would not — I told them that I should carry it back and collect the rest of the Bons and Bury them and the Head —




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Wednesday 17

Fine modrate Weather — mounted the Governours Guard to Day — no person dined at the Governours to day more than usual Viz the Governour, Mr. Miller, Capt. Collins and the officer of the Guard — a bout four oClock this afternoon Major Ross came over to the Guard Room to me when after a little conversation on different Subjects he put the following Questions to me Viz how I should like to goe to Norfolk Island — I made him for answer not at all — he then Said I am going — I said it is impossible — he Said it was very true and that there was two of the Companies to goe with him — if So I shall be very happy to goe with you or Captain Campble — he Said that he was much obliged to me and Should be very happy for me to goe with him — he Said that he would not take Captain Campbles companies with him he Should leave him to take the command and care of the Remainder of the detachment that would be left behind — You will not mention it to any body as I have not told it to any person except Capt. Campble and Your Self — he Said I shall take Meridiths and Johnstones Companies with me and I am thinking of taking Lieuts Shearp, Faddy, Ross and yourself and Creswell who is ther already for I will not take any of them that was in that Court Martial nor Shall I take Meridith with me — I would much reather that Some person else was going than Shearp for I doe not like him in Short he is a man that I detest from the bottom of my Soul — what can be the Reason of this Great Removal it was only a few days Since that the Governour informed use that he intended to Send the Sirius to China for Provisions if there was no Ships arrived befor the 3 of next month — I hope in God that Some Ship or Ships will arrive before our going to Norfolk

Thursday 18

Cloudy Weather — after I was Releved from Guard I went down to my Island to look at my Garden and found that Some Boat had landed Since I had been there last and taken away the Greatest part of a fine Bed of Onions — it is impossible for any body to attemp to raise any Gardin Stuff for before it comes to perfection the[y] will Steal it — I thought that having a Garden on an island it would be more Secure but I find that they even get at it — my corn comes on as well as corn can doe — I have that they will be so good as to let that Remain but I am much affraid that the[y] will not — Returnd to dinner at Majr. Ross's who Said I forgot yesterday when I mentioned Shearp that You and him were not on good terms for which Reason I Shall not take him with me but will askd J. Johnstone which he did in the Evening who Said that he Should be very happy to goe with him —




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Friday 19

Cloudy weather — after Breackfast went up the harbour in my Boat and took the Skull with me and landed at the place where I found it — I collected the rest of the bons and made a grave and depositd them in it and got a Stone placed at the Head without any monumental inscription to denote to any person that may be Ranging this way whose Remains are interred under the Stone — all the flesh was not quite decayed particular about upper part of the thigh — as the place where I found the Skeleton and where I Buried it is a point of land in Lane Cove I have named it Skeleton point — intended to have Returnd to dinner at Majr. Ross's but the day turning out very fine I went father up the Cove and collected Sweet Tea to carry with me to Norfolk — Returnd home a little before Sun Sett — Shot a few Paroquet — Lieut Kellow came to my house Soon after my Return and Said that he would be glad to Speak a few words with me — he Said that I was not a Stranger to the disagreable Situation that he has been laboring under for these 15 months past and I hope that you will not have any objections as I have asked Several of my Brother officers and who Say that the[y] have knon that of my going home Sick provisg Majr. Ross will give his consent and gives up the letter which you wrote to him in consequence of the late Captain Sheas representation and I will plege my word that the moment I arrive in England that I will goe on half Pay — I made him for Answer that I was not a Stranger to the disagreable Situation that You have been in for these Several months past but you have no body to blame for brining you in that Situation but your Self and I assure you that any Service that I can be of to you I will doe it consisting with honour to myself for I doe not wish to take any mans Bread from him and if all my Brother officers will consent and Majr. Ross will give up the letter which we wrote in consequence of your conduct I have no objections — he then Said I am Sensible of your good intentions towards me and I am much oblige to you for them — went to Tea at Majr. Ross's — after Tea Captain Campble asked me if Kellow had been at my house — I told him that he had and what his business was and what Answer I had given him — Capt. Campble Said that he had been Several times to him about the Same thing and I told him that if all his Brother Officers would consent to it and Majr. Ross's given up the letter which he had in his hands I had no objections — He was with me again to day and Said that he had Spoke to Tench, Poulden, Fuzer and Long — I asked him if he had Spoke to You — he Said not Yet, I then told him that he had better doe it as Soon as You Return for You now was out in your Boat — by the Genl. Order of this day I find that we are to hold our Self in readiness


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to Embark the 5 of next Month — See the orderly Book —

Saterday 20

Rainy weather — begun writing a letter to my Belovd to Send by the Sirius after She has landed use at Norfolk Island but I hope the arrival of some Ship with provisions for use will prevent our going there as I find the reason of our being Sent there is that Norfolk has more Resourses in it than this place in fish and Birds for I find that there is not more from the first of next month than thirteen weeks provisions in Store — god help use if Some Ships dont arrive I dont know what will

Sunday 21

Fine weather — Soon after breackfast I went out in my Boat down to my Island to See my Garden and found that Some persons had been ther again and have taken away all my potatoes — however the[y] are I wish that the[y] were in hell for ther kindness — Returnd to dinner at Major Rosses

Munday 22d.

Fine moderate weather — after parade I mett with the rest of my Brother Officers at Lieut Kellows Hutt and Signd a letter to Majr. Ross the purport of which is that as Mr. Kellow Seems to be Sensible of his error and as he has given his word that the moment he Returns to England to goe on half Pay we therfor beg that he would be So good to take Suspension off under which Lieut Kellow has for Some time past labourd under and to Return the letter which was wrote by use in consequence of his conduct — dinned with a party at Majr. Rosses — after dinner Majr. Ross, Capt. Campble took a walk out in the country to the Banans and Returned to Teanote

Tuesday 23d.

Fine weather — mounted the Governour Main Guard to day — no person dined at the Governors to day more than usual — in the afternoon Majr. Ross came over and walk with me for near two hours

Wednessday 24

Fine weather — the day has been very warm — Soon after I was Relieved from Guard this morning I met with the Rest of my Brother officers at Capt. Tenchs hutt in consequence of a messaged from Majr. Ross acquainting use that he had Received our letter Respecting Mr. Kellow but that he could not grant our Request on account of our laying a Restriction on Mr. Kellow to goe on half Pay on his Return to England (for if he Majr. Ross was to grant our Request it would he Said bring him into a Scrap with the Admiralty) we therefore agreed to take off the Said Restriction of obligin him to goe on H Pay on his arrival in


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England in consequence of which Majr. Ross has given up the letter which we wrote to him and the Governor has also Returnd Majr. Ross his letter which he wrote on his Receiving our letter — by that Lieut Kellow might not be permited to doe duty with use and by to days order in consequence of our Request the Suspention that Mr. Kellow has been under is taken off and is orderd to Return to his duty in the Detachment — See the orderly Book — he may think himself as I doe a very lucky fellow but I am affraid that he will not long keep his promise for if he can get any Liquor he will Soon get into the Same Scrap that he has this day got out off — Spent the day at Majr. Rosses —

Thursday 25th

Fine clear weather but it will be very warm to day

Friday 26

Fine moderate weather — Yesterday after dinner I went up in my Boat to Rose Hill to See Timmins and Balmain — Davey and Kellow went up also in (Kellows Boat) we Staid all night with them — I Sleep at Sergeant Stuards who made up a very good Bed for me — Kellow came up to Timmins to get the letter Signed who Returnd at Revelly — Davey and Self Staid till after Breackfast who Returnd with me to dinner at Majr. Ross's — in our passaged down we went on Shore at a figg Tree of which we eat a great maney all of use in the Boat they being ripe but before we got home the[y] all gave use the grips — I felt it remarkable Warm on the water — by the orders of Yesterday I See the officers that goes with Majr. Ross to Norfolk Island are Viz Capt. Lieut Johnstone, 1st. Lieut Kellow, Johnstone & Clark 2d. Lieuts Faddy and Ross — See the orderly Book — and Creswell is to Remain there So that there will be Seven of use beside Majr. Ross —

Saterday 27

Cloudy weather — it Raind a little in the night and seems inclined to Rain again — Sent Ellis and my two convict Servents out in the Boat to get Sweet Tea for to carry with me to Norfolk and myself have been busie in packing up my things

Sunday 28th.

Fine Clear & Moderate weather — after Breakfast I went down to my Island to gather my indian corn but found the greatest part already gatherd to my hands — Some Boat must have landed yesterday or the day befor and taking the corn away — in the place of my having about Six Bushels of corn I have not now got a bove a Bushel — the[y]


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have Stole about fifteen hunderd Cobbs of corn — it is needless to vex one self about it it is gone past recovering — Return to dinner at Majr. Rosses — by the Genl. order of this day I find that the Governor has Remitted the Remainder of the Sentance of Transportation on John Irvin in Consequence of the unremitted good Conduct of the Said Irvin and is to be considered as Restord to all those rights and privelges which he had been Suspended In consequence of the Sentance of the Law and is appointed to be an assistant Surgeon at Norfolk Island — See the orderly Book — I am very glad that Irvin goes with use for I think the best Surgeon amongst them — by the Battn. order of this day I See on board what Ships we are to Embark for Norfok — on board the Sirius with the Commanding Officer 1st. Lieut Kellow, Johnstone & Clark and 2d. Lieut Ross — on board the Supply Lieut Johnstone and 2d. Lieut Faddy — Majr. Ross askd in what Ship I should wish to goe I told in that Ship he went in — he Said that is the Ship I should wish you to goe in

MAR 1790

March Munday 1st.

Fine clear weather — a fresh Sea Breeze — all of use going to Norfolk Island (Majr. Ross Excepted) dinned with the Govenor to day — by the Genl. order of this day the following order is out — No officer Soldier or other Persons (those who are to Embark Excepted) are to Kill Sell or otherwise dispose of any live Stock untill further orders as Some necessary regulation will take place in a few days — Sold my Boat to Davey for ten Guineas which is four less than what I gave for her and I think She is well Sold — as part of payment I am to have a large Sow which is what I want for I have not got such a thing

Tuesday 2d.

Moderate weather — Sent Some of my things on board of the Sirius this morning and after dinner went on board of the Sirius with Some more of my things — by the orders of to day we are to Embark to morrow afternoon half after three oClock — See the orderly Book — bought a nother Sow for which I gave two Guineas for — gave Davey four Guineas for the Sow which he let me have — She is big with Pigg.

Wednessday 3th.

Fine Moderate weather — after Breakfast Sent my Cott on board with the Remainder of my things — by the Orders of Yesterday the two Companies of use Embark According to the Arrangment of the 28 of Feby. — we have carried the colors with use — after having lodged them and Seen the Detachment in the place allotted for them on board I came on Shore again for the Night as Majr. Ross and Capt. Campble disired I would — paid Every body that I am endebted to in


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this part of the World — I wish I could Say all over the World but I hope that I Shall have that pleasure Soon —

Thursday 4th.

very fine clear weather — Captain Campble made up a Bed for me — after Breakfast Sent all my Stock on Board Consisting of two Sows one Cock and Six hens — I have left my house in the care of Sergeant Chapman with liberty to live in it untill my Return if ever I should wont it — at twelf oClock all of use that are going to Norfolk met at Majr. Ross's house and went with him to the Governors to take our leave of him after which I went on board to See my thing put to Right and order my Servant to put what things I may want on the passage to be nearest at hand in my Cabin — I have parted with Ellis having had Some words with him and he Answering Shorter than I think he Should have done I told him to goe to his duty — he is ane honest man for I never knew him wrong me of a Single thing in my life — I shall be Sorry for parting with him — dined at Majr. Ross and drank Tea after which Majr. Ross John and myself went on board as we Sail to Morrow as all the Convicts are come on board from Rose Hill that goes to Norfolk — the Bill which I had from Davey I have left it with Captain Campble to purchas me Some Tea and Sugar and Some Soap from the first Ships that may Arrive — Captain Campble has been very kind he askd me if I wanted anything that he had he would let me have it — I told him I was much obliged to him — he Said I no that You have not much Tea I have put up a caddy for you with Majr. Ross's — he also gave me half a dozen pair of Stocking which I want very much — the Sivility and friendship that Captain Campble has Shown to me I am affraid I never will have it in my power to make him a Sufficient Acknowlegement for his attention has been more like a father than a friend — his and Majr. Rosses friendship to me is what I call real and Sinceer

Friday 5th.

Cloudy weather — It Rain a little in the night — about Six oClock this morning we got under way — ther being little wind from the S:W: the Supply a little after use — Captain Campble came on board to take leave of use and to Breakfast with Majr. Ross and Captain Hunter — he left the Ship a little after Eight when we got as low down the Harbour as my farm Island — we were obliged to come to ane Anchor for the Sea Breess Set in very Strong and there was too much Sea in the mouth of the Harbour to attemp going out — Majr. Ross little John and Mr. Consident who goes with use to Norfolk as Surgeon Messes with Captain Hunter; Johnstone, Kellow and my Self Mess in


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the Gun Room with the officers of the Sirius — dined with Captain Hunter and after dinner went on Shore with Capt. Hunter, Majr. Ross, little John and Mr. Consident to the look out at the mouth or South Head of the Harbour — Returnd on board to Tea — did not Sleep well last night

Saterday 6th.

Fine Moderate weather little wind — about Six oClock got under way a great Swell Setting into the Harbour — just as we came abreast of the outer South Head it fell calm and the Swell was Setting us fast to leward on the North Head which had not a puff of wind fild the Sails we should have been drove on Shore on the North Head and every body on board thought of no other but that we should — if we had the Ship would have been in pices in a few minutes from the great Sea that was breaking on the Rocks and the most of use on board would have been lost but by great good fortune the puff of wind Shoved use clear out of the harbour as it did the Supply — when we had got a little from under the land we Soon got a fresh Breeze from the South Ward which is a fair wind — I have been very Sick all day; Sea Sick as was every body in the Ship for a few hours after we got out of the Harbour — about 12 oClock we were out of Sight of the Land of New Holland — could eat nothing all this day nor drink any thing except a little Tea — I am a poor Soul at Sea for I am mostly alwayse Sea Sick — Majr. Ross and little John have been much worse than I am — I hope that it will have left me — Since we have got a fair wind and a nuff of it I hope that we will Soon be at Norfolk if this wind Remains we will be there by this day week — good Night my Love

Sunday 7th.

Fine weather and a good fair Breeze — went by the Log Since Yesterday noon untill to day 12 oClock 148 miles — Wind S:E:bS — have been very Sea Sick and between decks there Such a disagreable Smell from the women that are Sea Sick that it is a nuff to Suffocate one — there is [*] convict women on board for Norfolk and there is not one but what is Sea Sick

Munday 8th.

Fresh Gales — Wind S:S:E: — the distance that we went Since Yesterday 148 miles — not So Sea Sick as I have been — I hope this wind will continue with use untill we get to norfolk for if it Should we will be there in a few days — expect to See Lord Hows Island to morrow — the Sow which I bought from Davey Pigg this morning ten fine Piggs — I hope that the[y] will all live




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Tuesday 9th.

Fine clear weather with Light Breezes from the Southward — at ½ past 2 this morning came in Sight of Lord Hows Island — Stood in for it — after Breakfast Lieut Ball of the Supply came on board for leave to Send a Boat on Shore to See if the[y] could get any Turtles which was granted him — the Land is very high but is a very Small Island not being more than [*] miles in circumference — the Pyramid we came also in Sight of about the Same time that we did the Island — the Pyramid is distance from Lord Hows Island about fifteen miles — it is the most Extrodinary pile of Rocks that I ever Saw or I may Say every was seen, it is very high — Mount Gower on Lord Hows Island is very high but the Pyramid is much higher — there was an innumerable number of different Sea Bird on the Pyramid as there is constantly — about Sun Set we past between the Pyramid and Lord Hows Island — the Supply was close in under the land — about 6 oClock this Evening the Breeze freshend — did not Speak the Supply to day there dont no if She has got any Turtle or not — got Quit well having got the Better of my Sea Sickness —

Wednessday 10th.

Fine weather with Moderate Breezes from the Northward which is Still a good wind — the Supply in company who haild use and informd use that She had got no Turtles — went the distance Since Yesterday noon 88 miles — a great number of Birds about the Ship particular the Tropical Bird

Thursday 11

Fine Moderate weather with the wind N:N:W: and W:S:W: which is as fine a wind as can blow for use for our course is N70 E — went Since Yesterday 133 miles — I shall be very happy when I get out of the Ship for the[y] are not the most pleasent Set that I ever Saw in a Ship the[y] are quit the contrary —

Friday 12th.

Cloudy weather with fresh gales from the S:W: — went Since Yesterday 144 — Expect to See the Land to morrow morning early — hope that there will be good landing — a great number of Tropical Birds about the Ship — the Supply in Company

Saterday 13

Moderate and Clear Weather — wind W:S:W: — about ½ past 2 this morning came in Sight of Norfolk Island — about Six Saw Phillip Island and Nepean Island — Stood in for Sydney Bay — Saw the colours at the higher flag Staff but no flag at the lower flag Staf — from ther no flag flying there found that the Boats could not land — Lieut Ball came on Board from the Supply and asked leave to goe


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round to Balls Bay and he would Endeavour to land there or throw a letter on Shore to Mr. King which leave was granted — about Nine oClock the Supply made the Signal that there was good Landing in Cascade Bay — Made Sail and Stood away for Cascade Bay — about ½ past ten hoisted the Boats out and Sent as many of the male Convicts as the[y] would carry on shore with them — about ½ past one the Boats Returnd from Landing the convicts and informd use that there was very good landing on which Lieut Kellow and my Self with as many of the marines as the Boats would hold with what things they could take were orderd into them — got on Shore about half after two not without getting my feet wett — I never landed in Such a Bad place in my life — at the best of times it is very bad Landing for there is always a great Swell Round the Island and you are oblige to wait for a Smooth time to pull the Boat in to a Rock and you back the Boat in Stern formost and you are oblige to be very Quick to jump out one at a time and then the Boat puls off to Wait a nother Smooth for it is impossible for the Boat to lay along Side of the Rocks for Should a Swell come while the Boats there it would dash her to pices — every body in the Boats that came on Shore when I came landed very well — found on our landing Capt. Johnstone and Lieut Faddy with the party from the Supply who also got on Shore very well — I was directd to inform Capt. Johnstone from Majr. Ross that he and the detachment from the Supply were to goe on to the Town and that we that came from the Sirius Should Waite Majr. Rosses coming which would be in the first Boats on which Johnstone and his party went in for the Town — Soon after our landing a Boat load of Women and children came on Shore but while the[y] were landing them a Sea Brok into the Boat which frightend them very much — I wonder that the Boat not lost and every body in her for the women would not Sit Still but made a terrible noise both them and ther children but the[y] all got Save on Shore — after waiting Some time According to orders on the beach for Majr. Ross the Boat with Majr. Ross we Saw coming but when the Boat came near the Rock I cald to him that the tide was to hight for it had Surounded the Rock and that it would be impossible to get where we was on the beach without getting very wett on which he and a nother Boat full of women Returnd on board again — it been now near four oClock Kellow and my Self with the People that were Landed proceed to the Town as Quick as we could — the Town from Cascade is between four and five miles a very bad Road — we could not march fast as the Men were loaded with what things the[y] could bring with them on Shore — before we got up into the Road we had a Terrible


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hight hill to get up almost perpendicular — the country is much thicker of wood than at port Jackson — you can hardly get throu the wood it is so thick — we got to the Town a little before Sun Set where in place of finding houses for the officers and Barracks for the Detachment & convicts as Governor Phillips Said that we would there is hardly places for the people that is here before use to put there heads in — I was Quarterd one a Mr. Jamison one of the Surgeons mates of the Sirius who was Sent here about two Years Since on the Islands first Setteling — Capt. Johnstone, Kellow & Faddy are distributed upon others the Same as I am — the Detachment amongst the party that we found here and the Convicts where they Could — found Creswell, King and every body very well — this is I am told is a very Remarkable healthy place there having not been a Natural Death Since the Islands first Settling

Sunday 14

Fine weather — after Breakfast Mr. Kellow and Self walkd to Cascade to meet Majr. Ross's coming on Shore — on the Road we met a great many of the Convicts both Men and Women Particular the women that have young children Who told me that the[y] have been obliged to Sleep in the woods all night for the[y] could not get into Town, poor Devils how they are Kick about from one place to a nother — we got to cascade about 11 oClock when Soon after Majr. Ross Came on Shore and Landed very well — Lieut. Johnstone, Mr. Consident and little John came in the Boat with Majr. Ross but I think Captain Hunter might have been more Civil in Sending Majr. Ross on Shore than in the manner he did for I think that had Majr. Ross been a Convict he could have been treated wors than he was to day by Capt. Hunter in the Manner he was Shoved out of the Ship by him into a boat Loaded full with Cotts, hamocks, Hoggs, Pigs, Geese, Turkeys, Fouls &c So much that he had not room for his feet and when he landed on the Rock he was So much crampt that he could hardly Stand — I Saw on Majr. Rosses Landing that he felt very much on the manner he was Sent out of the Ship but I hope Majr. Ross has too much good Sense to take any Notice of it — after we got all the things out of the Boat we walk toward the Camp (or Town) on Majr. Rosses entring it all the people were assembled and gave him three cheers — we all dined at Mr. Kings and after dinner we all walked out to the farm — Majr. Ross and Self had a little conversation about different things — He takes up his Quarters at Mr. Kings — Majr. Ross on his Landing took the Command of the Island — See the orderly Book




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Munday 15

Fine weather — after dinner went over to Cascade to See if any of my things are Sent on Shore as I sent word on board by the Boat that Majr. Ross Came on Shore in for my Servant to Send my Bed on Shore as I dont feel myself comfortable where I have Sleep these two night past — Majr. Ross has given the Convicts that came with use all this week to Errect themself hutts

Tuesday 16

Fine Weather — Still to much Surf on the Reef to permit the Boats to Land any thing from the Ships if the[y] were in the Bay — I told Major Ross that I wished to be Quartered Some where else than at the place where I am at present when he Said that I Should be removed from Mr. Jamisons and he would make up a Bed at Mr. Kings for me untill I got my own on Shore

Wednessday 17

Blows fresh — the Surf gone down much — Shall expect the Ships round tomorrow as there will be good landing — Sleep at Mr. Kings in the Same Room where Majr. Ross and little John — we all Sleep on the ground — walk after dinner over to Cascade Bay but the Ships not in Sight

Thursday 18

Blows fresh but very little Surf — I wish to god the Ships would come in Sight that I might get my things So that I might have a clean Shirt to put on for the Shirt and things which I have on now are as black as the back the chimney

Friday 19

this Morning about Seven oClock the Ships came in Sight — it blow fresh in the Morning but towards 9 oClock it became more Moderate — a little after ten the Supply came well into the Bay and Sent her Boats with the Baggagd of the Detachment and with what Stores, Provisions &c: for the Settlement that he has onboard on Shore — about 11 oClock the Sirius been well in the [bay] hoisted her Boats out and Sent them on shore with Provisions — at this time She was laying too under Nepean Island — Soon after She made Sail and was Endeavouring to get father out of the Bay, for She was too near the Shore, She was obliged to goe about for She could not weather the Reef of Point Ross but She mist Stays — every body thought She would have been on Shore on the Reef — when the[y] found that the Ship would not Stay — the[y] wore her which She did only a few Yards from the Rock — from there been obliged to wair, it only brought them So much the nearer the Shore — the[y] could not Stand long this Way on account of the Reef which runs a long the Shore — about 12 oClock the[y]


  ― 122 ―
Endevoured to put her about but She would not Stay — She got in the trof of the Sea which forst her Stern formost on the Reef — as the Bell rung 12 oClock She Struck — when the[y] found that She Struck the[y] Cut a way all her mast — gracious god what will become of use all, the whole of our Provision in the Ship now a Wreck before use — I hope in god that we will be able to Save Some if not all but why doe I flatter myself with Such hopes — there is at present no prospect of it except that of Starving — what will become of the people that are on board for no boat can goe along Side for the Sea and her am I who has nothing more than what I stand in and not the Smales hope of my getting anything out of the Ship for every body expects that She will goe to pices when the tide comes in — Soon after the Ship Struck Major Ross proclaimd Martial Law for which See the orderly Book and the Remainder of what followd in the day for I am So low that I cannot hold the pincle to write in short my pocket Book is foul and will not hold any more

Saterday 20

have been up all night as has every body in the place — Soon after the Ship went on Shore trunks, Boxs beds &c what was nearest at hand was thrown over board in hopes it would float on Shore — a great dele has come on Shore but as Yet nothing of mine — Captain Hunter and between 30 and 40 of the people came on Shore on a graiting made fast to hauzher and the Remainder are coming on Shore as fast as the[y] can — as Yet there is nobody drownd or lost — I was very near been drownd Yesterday when I was going of on the Raft to assist the people that were coming on Shore — almost drownd on of the Convict who could not Swim, fell of the Raft and pushd me along with him, in which case we Should both have been drownd if I could not have Swimd — for the Raft went over use both and I was obligd to Swim back to the Shor with him holding fast to me by the waisband of my Trousers — when I got on Shore he was almost dead but he Soon Recoverd on which I took a Stick out of one of the Serjeants hands and gave him a damd thrashing for pulling me of the Raft with him — he better have been drown for I will give him the Same every day for this month to come that I meet him — for orders See the orderly Book

Sunday 21

every body got Save on Shore Yesterday — here there is above 500 hundred Souls and not above Six thousand wight of Flour in the Island to feed use with — what will become of use god only knows — See the Council or orderly Book for the Resolution we have Judged


  ― 123 ―
Necessary for the Safety of the Colony and which will be Read to every body in the Island to Morrow — Several of the things came on Shore from the Ship

Munday 22d.

a Eight oClock the Detachment got under arms and marchd down to the Beach where all the Seamen beloning to the Sirius and all the Convicts on the Island were Assembled according to orders when the Resolutions were Read for the Safety of the Island was Read to every body and as it would take up too much time to tender ane Oath to every body to bind them to the Resolutions it was therfore agreed passing Voluntary under the Kings Colours to be as binding in our present Situation as any Oath that Could be taking on the holy Evangelist which every body most chearfuly agreed too and every person man, woman & child in the Island did pass under the Colours — Several of the Seamen got on board of the wreck who throu over board what things the[y] could get at — my Trunk came on Shore with the Bottom out and I am affraid the greatest part of the things which were in it are lost as I have not as Yet got any of them except ane old Coat and four Shirts and I am affraid all my other things are gone the Same way as the people Say that went on board that everything that was in my Cabin the[y] throw over board — if So heer I am without five Shirts a Waiscoat a pair of trousers a pair of old shoes a hat or a Coat and Jacket and not a Single thing to dress me a Single bit of Vitals in nor a Single bit of Soap to was me a Shirt — nobody that came in the Ship has lost So many things as I have — the most of them have Saved the greatest part of there Coaths — al that I can Say I am a child of bad Luck — Majr. Ross has also lost all his things and what he thinks wors than his coaths he has lost most all his papers

Tuesday 23

Several of the Seamen Orderd to Port Jackson in the Supply — as there was to much Surf for the Boat to goe out the[y] were obliged to carry their things over to Cascade Bay to the Supply — Capt. Hunter gave two of the Convicts leave to Swim on board of the Sirius if the[y] could to throw the live Stock over board — the[y] got Save on board and throw a great number of Hogs, Goats, fouls over board — the greatest part of them got Save on Shore — amongst the number my two Sows but all the pigs were dead on board as wer my fouls except my Cocks who Swam on Shore — the two Convicts got drunk and Some how or other got a Light which been Seen from the Shore the[y] were desired to come on Shore Several times and the[y] answerd that the[y] could not — every one was affraid that the[y] would Set the


  ― 124 ―
Ship on fire — if So we would loose all the provisions which we are now in great hopes of Saving as the Ship has held to gether So long ther is a great chance of her holding together much longer — finding that the[y] did not intend coming on Shore one of the Convicts made ane offer to endeavour to Swim on board and Stay there if he could not get them out of the Ship to prevent them doing any Mischief to the Ship — he got Save on board and finding them both Drunk and that the[y] had Set fire to the Ship he made them assist him in putting the fire out which he at last Effected after which he order them both on Shore where the[y] both got Save — he Staid there al night and Said that he would come on Shore in the Morning — the Reason of his Staying was that for fear the fire might break out again — all the people could not get on board of the Supply — Ball Sent use 5000 wight of Flour which is all that he can Spear

Wednessday 24

Askot the Convict that Swam on board last night of the Sirius and who put the fire out Reported to Majr. Ross and to Captain Hunter that had he not got on board as he did there would not have been a pice of the Ship but what would have been burnt as She was on fire in two places on which Majr. Ross orderd James Branigan and Wm. Dring in Irons — Lieut King took leave of use and went to Cascade to goe on board the Supply for Port Jackson — Waterhouse on[e] of the Lieut of the Sirius has been very kind to me finding that I had lost all my thing Sent me Six of his Shirts as he has Saved the most of his which I refused accepting as I did not See a probability of Repaying him — it was very kind of him — he goes to port Jackson and the letters which I have Sent to Port Jackson and home I have Sent by him — by the General order of this day Majr. Ross has given Several of use Brevet Rank — amongst the number he has appointed me to Act as Quarter Master General and Keeper of the Public Stores during the continuation of the Martial Law or untill His Excellency the Govenor in chief and Captain Generals pleasure is known — See the orderly Book — if I am paid for it it will be a good thing — I wish to god I may — it will help to pay for the things which I have lost in the Sirius

Thursday 25

Some of the officers and the Seamen went on board who Sent on Shore Some provision and what things the[y] could get at — all the Marines off duty Employd as Sentinel along the Beach to prevent the people from Embezzle things — all the convicts Employd on the Reef in hauling the Casks on Shore and other Stores as the[y] Send them out of the Ship — if it hold good weather as I hope in god it will we will be


  ― 125 ―
able to Save all the provisions — one of the Convicts found my best Coat laying on the Reef which was brought me — I got a nother of my Shirts to day in the Same way as I did my Coat

Friday 26

Every body Employd as Yesterday — one of the Seamen in coming on Shore from the Ship to day Mr. Walker the Captains Clerk Seing him with a White Shirt on over all his other cloaths which proved to be one of mine which I took from by which the[y] must have brock my trunk open and taking all my thing out of it and then throw the Trunk with the Bottom out empty — my Small Trunk came also to day on Shore without anything in it — I own that I never Shall be able to get the Quarter of my things in Short I now give them up for lost — I Represented of the Sailor having my Shirt on to Majr. Ross who in consequence cald the Council to gether who gave out a Proclamation for which See the Council Book — got Several Casks of Flour and Salt Provisions on Shore to day

Saterday 27

Every body Employd as Yesterday — got Several Casks of Flour, Beef, Pork, Rice and Some Spirits on Shore to day — this been a fine day I orderd the Casks of Rice to be opend and dryd as the Salt water got into Some of the Casks

Sunday 28

a Great Swell Rolling into the bay which must occation a Most dreadful Surf — every body Employd in assisting the People in getting on Shore from the wreck as the[y] Expect her to goe to Pices any moment — the[y] all got Save on Shore — in the afternoon She canted round

Munday 29th.

Very Fine weather but a Terrible Surf — the People Employd in drying the Flour Rice Calavances that have got wet in Coming throu the Surf

Tuesday 30th.

Still fine weather — got Several Casks of different kinds of Provisions on Shore from the Wreck — this is my Birthday this is the Worst that I ever Saw from the dreadful prospect before me that of Starving if Some thing dont come to our Relief or if we dont all exert our Selfs in clearing Ground for to put Corn or potatoes in

Wednessday 31st

The people Employd as Yesterday

APR 1790




  ― 126 ―

April Thursday 1st.

The people Employd as before —— got Yesterday and to day near thirty Casks of different kinds of Provisions on Shore

Friday 2d.

an order came out to day Respecting the People having ther Hogs Returnd to them —— See the orderly Book —— the people Empd. on the wreck as before

Saterday 3th.

Fine weather —— Still Every body Employd as Yesterday —— the most of the Sailors on board of the Ship in Sending what the[y] can get at on Shore —— the Remainder on the Reef with all the Convicts hauling it on Shore and rolling it up to the Store Yeard and all the Marines at Guard as Sentinels in Seing them bring it up

Sunday 4th.

Fine dry weather —— the people Employd as Yesterday Except a few men attending me in oppning and drying what Flour or Rice that has got wet —— little Surf

Munday 5th

the people Employd as Yesterday —— Little Surf

Tuesday 6th.

Fine weather —— got a good number of Casks and other Stores on Shore

Wednessday 7th.

the people Employd as before in getting what the[y] can on Shore and drying what is wet —— have as Yet got not any more of my things —— little Surf on the Reef

Thursday 8th.

the people Employd the Same as Yesterday —— got but few thing from the Ship to day on Account of the Tide

Friday 9th

Fine weather —— the people Employd on the Reef and a party of the Sailors on the wreck —— the Surf the[y] Say the people that have been here the longest is getting up —— if So and it comes to blow it will break the wreck to pices

Saterday 10th

                 
Birds Kild 
159 
147 
319 
625 
145 
178 
291 
1239 

Fine weather —— got a few Casks of different kinds of Provisions on Shore to day —— thank god we have had Such good weather to enable use to get So much on Shore as we have done —— the Surf is going down again —— as the greatest part of the Provision is now got Save on


  ― 127 ―
Shore only the Sailors and forty of the Convicts are to be Employd in getting the Remainder on Shore —— all the Rest of the Convicts are to be Employd the (Artificers Excepted) in Clearing ground for Corn potatoes &c and if we get the Remainder of the provisions out and Save on Shore I hope that we will be able to hold out untill the potatoes and Corn is ripe and before the potatoes and Corn is all gone —— Since the Supply will have Returnd from where the Governour may have Sent her or Some Ships arrived with Supplys and I hope the Relief —— Birds Kild by M.159, S.147, C.319

Sunday 11th.

Fine weather —— little Surf —— the people permited to Rest while the Tide is to hight for them to work on the wreck —— Birds M.145, S.178, C.291

Munday 12

all the Seamen and a Gang of Convicts Employd in getting from the Ship what the[y] can —— all the Rest of the Convicts Employd in Clearing Ground Artificers Excepted —— the Carpenters Employd in Erecting ane addition to the Store house —— the Sayers Employd in Cutting Boards &c —— the Smiths at different Iron work —— a party in making Shingles —— the women Convicts in Brining in flax for thatch

Tuesday 13th.

Fine Weather —— the people Employd as Yesterday —— little Surf —— wind from the East which is a good wind for the Supply if She has not got to port Jackson before this

Wednessday 14th.

Fine clear weather —— the people Employd as Yesterday —— very little Surf —— Wind East to N:E:

Thursday 15th.

Cloudy Weather it Seems inclinable to Rain —— the people Empd. as before —— all the Provisions is now got out of the Ship for which thank God —— the people that are Masons and Stone Cutters Empd. at the Quarry getting Stones to build ane Oven for the Settlement of which the Settlement is in great want as there is but one Small one on the Island —— a good dele of Surf and Seems inclinable to Rise —— Birds M.183, S.165, C.418

Friday 16th

it Raind a little in the night and from the cloudyness of the day it looks if it would Rain again before long and the Surf will get up from the Swell that is Rolling into the Bay —— Birds [*]




  ― 128 ―

Saterday 17th.

Fine Moderate Weather and not much Surf on the Reef —— hope that we Shall now Since the[y] have got all the Provisions out of the Sirius Send the Boat a fishing when the Surf and Weather will permit the Boat's going out without danger

Sunday 18th

           
183 
165 
418 
766 
68 
834 

Fine Clear weather although it blows fresh from the S:E: and there is a great dele of Surf on the Reef —— the patroles in going the Rounds last night took Jno. Lowal a Convict prisoner he being out of his hut after Tattoo beating, contr[ary] to orders and having a Sack with Birds in it —— on the patrol challengin him he attempted to make his excape by flight but the Corpl. of the Patroles was to nimble for him and before he would Stop for him he was wounded in the head but not of any consequence —— the Haversack containd 68 of the Mount Pit Birds

Munday 19th

Fine Clear Weather —— Sent the Boat out a fishing although a great dele of Surf on the Reef —— the Boat Caught Sixteen fish Consisting of Snappers, Blue fish and one Rock Codd —— the people Empd. as last week

Tuesday 20th

     
1239 
834 
2073 

Fine Moderate Weather and very little Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returnd about 11 oClock with only ten fish —— a Non Commissioned officer and four Privates Empd. in Cutting Picquetting for which See the orderly Book and the Store Keeper orderd by the Lieut Govr. and Council to Stop half a pound of meat from every person weekly on Account of the Privalige being granted to kill Birds the Restriction on birds being taking off and was impossible to prevent the Sailors and convicts from killing the Birds when the[y] pleased and the Stopping the half pound of meat weekly will give the Store a weeks meat out of every Seven as every man has only at present 3½ lb of meat a week and in the room of the Said half pound of meat everybody will have a great aboundance of Birds —— one of the Seamen beloning to the Sirius Punished with one Dozen of Lashes for Disobedience of orders —— See the Council Book Respecting the order for Stopping of the ½lb of meat

Wednessday 21st.

         
2073 
431 
511 
634 
3649 

Fine weather —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returnd with 56 large Snappers and one white fish —— Distributed them amongst the officers of the Detachment and the officers belonging to the Sirius 13 the Non Commd. officers and the Privates of the Detachment got and the Remainder amongst the Sirius of. —— Majr. Ross Orderd me


  ― 129 ―
to give no Receipt but for things Actually Received into Store on Account of a Receipt been offerd to Mr. Morley the depute Store Keeper to Sign for more things than ther was Actually delivered into Store from the Sirius and further ordered me to direct that no Candles should be given out of the Store to the Siriusses for as there were Candles of the Pursers on Shore his depute in futher was to Supply them with that Article —— Some of the Seamen were Sent on board of the wreck who Sent on Shore a quantity of Lead —— neer three thousand Shingles was Set on fire and burnt Supposed the[y] Caught fire by Accident —— very little Surf on the Reef —— Birds M.431, S.511, C.634

Thursday 22d.

Fine Clear weather —— wind S:E: —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Caught 20 Snappers —— little Surf —— all the Marines of duty Empd. Rubbing out Indian Corn —— the Small Cutter of the Sirius went out a Sounding Round Nepean Island —— the Sirius erecting a Log Store House —— Birds kild by M:296, S:184, C:301.

Friday 23rd.

Clear weather but Blows fresh from the Eastward —— the Surf encreased to much in the night to Send the Boat out a fishing —— the Additional Store House finished and the Key given to Captain Hunter for him to put the Stores Save out of the wreck which are not intended to be left on the island —— Birds by M.234

Saterday 24th

                     
3649 
296 
184 
301 
234 
409 
374 
814 
218 
179 
6655note 

a great Surf on the Reef —— Captain Hunter and Johnstone Lieuts Creswell and Johnstone went to Mount Pit to day —— Majr. Ross discoverd that Captain Hunters Servants (and he beleves his own Servents has Some hand it) have drunk or made away with all his Rum which he has been able to Save out of the Sirius —— of all the places in the World this is the greatest nest for Rascals it is impossible to trust any one of our men hardly much more any of the Convicts in Short there is no difference between Soldier Sailor or Convicts there Six of the one and half a Dozen of the other —— old Elliock was a man Majr. Ross placed the greatest confidence in and he and Ancott have Repaid the Major for the Confidence he placed in them as all Rascals Repay good Masters —— he has turnd them both of as has Captain Hunter his black Villiannote —— Birds M:409, S.374, C:814

Sunday 25th

a Fine day although it blows hard from the Eastward and a very great Surf on the Reef —— have Recommended Ellis as a Servant to Majr. Ross who has taking him on my Recomendation he is not the most brightest


  ― 130 ―
but I can Say truely honest —— Birds by M:218, S.179 by the Convicts dont know

Munday 26

Fine clear weather but Still a great Surf —— Captain Hunter Reported me a few days Since to Majr. Ross on my witholding bags from the Ships Steward when the[y] wanted to Secure the Slops Saved from the wreck of the Sirius beloning to the Purser which in my oppinion charges me with a neglect of duty and have therfore wrot to Majr. Ross to beg of him to be so good as to order a court Martial to enquir into my conduct Since the order of the 24 of March last as Qr. Mr. Genl. and keeper of the P

Tuesday 27th.

             
6655 
2653 
211 
191 
313 
480 
505 

Fine Weather but Still a great Surf —— the Matter between Captain Hunter and myself Amicable Settled —— Punished Elizh. Breezes and Philbay Flatterty to woman Convicts with 25 Lashes Each for Neglect of duty by Suffering the Hoggs to get into the Guarden —— Wm. McNamara was order to be Punished for disobedience of orders but when he was striping himself he attempted to Stab himself with a knife —— the knife being blunt he did not Effect it and in the Room of Receiving the 50 Lashess which he was orderd to Receive he is orderd to be chaind to the Grind Stone —— Birds kild Yesterday and to day 2653 —— the people Empd. as last week

Wednessday 28th.

Fine Clear weather —— wind S:E: —— a great Surf —— Birds M.211, S:191

Thursday 29th.

a Fine day but blows very hard from the S:E: not So much Surf as Yesterday —— Birds Kild, M:313, S.480, C.505

Friday 30th.

much the Same weather as Yesterday except that there is but little Surf on the Reef —— Read the Articiles of War to the Detachment —— Birds kild by M:196, S:483, C:795 —— the[y] are coming in very fast about Sun Set the[y] come in So thick that they darken the place much Sooner than it otherwise would

MAY 1790

May Saterday 1st.

Blows hard and Squaly from the Eastward —— little Surf on the Reef —— a General order given out Respecting the Birds See the Orderly Book —— Punished W Raimor Convict for theft he was orderd to Recieve one hundred Lashes but was only able to bear Sixteen —— Birds brought in by M.743, S.901, C:1239note




  ― 131 ―

Sunday 2d.

             
196 
483 
795 
743 
901 
1239 
15355 

The wind has got a little more round to the Northward Still blows very hard and the Surf is getting up —— Lanched the Small Coble which the Carpenters beloning to the Sirius have build in the Room of the one that was Stove to pices in assisting the people on the Reef when the[y] were getting the things from the wreck —— She is a very bad Boat good for nothing —— the Birds at Mount Pit last night were So thick that the[y] came down a little after Sun Set like a Shower of hail —— my Servent was there and kild himself 193 Birds —— it is a great Blessing that we have these Birds in Such aboundance —— Birds M:941, S.749, C:1579

Munday 3rd.

       
15355 
941 
749 
1579 

The wind changed in the Night to Southward from which it Blows fresh little Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who caught only 12 Snappers I hope Since wind has changed to here from Port Jackson —— the people Empd. as last week Excep the Masons Empd. in building a chimney and ane oven for the Kitching —— Birds brought in Yesterday M.302

Tuesday 4th

       
302 
845 
793 
905 

Fine weather and little Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who had but little Success to day again having Caught only 13 Snapper and Blue Fish —— the wind being S.W is fair for any thing which may be coming here from Port Jackson —— a Number of our men Sick as well as of the Seamen and Convicts, Birds M: 845, S.793

Wednessday 5th.

   
965 
705 

Blows very hard from the Southward and to much Surf to Send the Boat out a fishing —— begun Sowing Oats to day at the Government Farm —— Birds M.905, S.965, C.705

Thursday 6th

         
507 
801 
761 
501 
991 

the Wind the Same as Yesterday and at times blows very hard not much Surf but too great to Send the Boat out with Safety —— Chas. McFarlain a Convict Boy in Cutting a pice of wood with ane Axe, the Axe Slipt in his hand and Rebounded back from the hardness of the wood against his forehead and fractered his Scull So much that there is a great chance if he will Recover —— Birds M:507, S:801, C:761

Friday 7th

         
1092 
796 
1013 
1890 
31491 

Fine mild weather the wind has come Round to the Eastward again —— little Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Caught 40 Snappers —— Served all the Officers with fish and the Remainder of the Sailors who had not fish the last time that there were any fish —— also Served Some of the Convicts —— the Sick getting better —— Birds M.501, S.991, C.1092note




  ― 132 ―

Saterday 8th.

Fine Moderate Weather —— little wind and no Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returned about 12 oClock with 20 Snappers —— the Weather being Remarkable fine and no Surf Sent her out again and She Returnd at Sun Set with 60 Snappers —— Served all the Convicts who had no fish Yesterday and begun with the Marines there being more than would Serve the Convicts —— Birds M.796, S.1013, C.1890

Sunday 9th.

Fine Moderate weather little Surf on the Reef —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Caught 182 large Snappers —— Supplyd every on the Island with a great allowance of Fish —— the people brought in Birds last night to the amount of 4783 —— long may this Blessing Continue

Munday 10th.

           
Birds 
31491 
4783 
4106 
1292 
41072 

Fine Moderate weather no Surf on the Reef —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returned about 12 oClock with 120 fine Snappers —— Supplyd all the officers Marines Sailors and the greatest part of the Convicts —— Sent the Boat out again who Returnd about Sun Set with 67 Snappers —— Supplyd the Remainder of the Convicts who had non this forenoon —— Punished Jeremy Thompson, Wm. Fisher, John Hall, George Wood and Thomas Watts (of the Boats Crue for Concealing fish) with 50 Lashes each —— also Punished Jas. Richardson with 50 Lashes for neglect of duty for not floggen the above five men as he ought to have done —— Punished also [*] Boyle for fighting with 50 Lashes (all Convicts) the people Empd. as last week —— a good number of our people getting on the Sick list as well as the Seamen and Convicts —— Birds M.410, S.903, C.2793

Tuesday 11th.

much the weather as Yesterday and no Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Caught 87 fish —— Served the Remainder of the Convicts who had no Yesterday —— very little wind and that against any thing that may be coming from Port Jackson for the Relief of this Settlement all the Marines at duty Empd. in making a Trench to bring the water more Nearer to the Town —— the Navel Corps Empd in bringing in flax to thach there Barrack except a few in drying the Powder which the[y] have Saved from the wreck —— Sent the Boat out again after dinner to fish who Returnd at Sun Set with 50 fish —— Supplyd the Marines it being their turn as it begun with them —— the people in General begin to look very bad from the Shortness of the allowance and from all appearances it will be worse with use all before it is better I am affraid —— Birds M:304, S.687, C.301note

Wednessday 12th.

it Raind the greatest part of all last night but it is a fine day —— little


  ― 133 ―
wind —— Sent the Boat out a Fishing although a good dele of Surf —— the Boat Returnd about 12 oClock with 67 Fish —— Servd them to the Convicts and Sailers —— Sent the Boat again after dinner who Returnd about Sun Set with 30 Fish —— Served them to the people whose turn it was —— the Marines Empd. as Yesterday which work the[y] finished —— Punished [*] Usher a Convict with 50 Lashes for theft —— Birds Marines 398 Sailors 594 Convicts 1130

Thursday 13th.

Squaly with Rain wind from the Westward —— no So much Surf as Yesterday —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returned with 30 fish only —— Served them to the Officers only —— Birds by Marines 403, Seamen 731, Convicts 391

Friday 14th.

                     
41072 
403 
731 
391 
703 
409 
931 
608 
703 
485 
46436 

Squaly weather not much Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing who Returned with 87 fish —— Served them out to the officers, Oversiers, Marines and the Sailors —— The Council mett to day According to the General Order of Yesterday to take into consideration the present Exhausted State of the Provisions in this Settlement when it was Unanimously agreed and ordered to take place to Morrow Viz. Flour 3 lb, Beef 1½ lb, or 17 ozs of Pork and 1 lb of Rice to each person per week —— Children above twelve months old half the above Ration —— Children under twelve months 1½ lb Flour and 1 lb of Rice Pr. week for which See the Council Book —— Took an acre of the Public Potatoes which Produced 167 Bushels —— Punished [*] Blunt a Convict for the old crime theft with 50 Lashes —— Birds By Marines 703, Sailers 409, Convict 931

Saterday 15th

Fine Moderate Weather wind S.W. —— Little Surf —— Sent the Boat out in the morning and again in the afternoon —— the[y] Caught in the morning 167 large Snappers in the afternoon 104 —— Served every body in the Settlement with a great aboundance of Fish man woman and child —— the Potatoes which were taking up Yesterday put into the Barn for [Seed?]note —— according to the order of Council Issue the above Rations to day —— Jno. Robins and [*] Finnesy both Convicts ran away into the wood on account of theft the former for Stealing Calavances & the later for Stealing Cabbages for which they were to be punished —— Bird M.608, S.703, C:485note

Sunday 16th

Fine Moderate Weather and very little Surf —— Sent the Boat out in the morning and again in the afternoon a fishing and She brought in in the morning 87 in the Evening 59 Snappers —— the Convicts being


  ― 134 ―
the first to Serve Served them all fish every body were also Served Turnip in the Settlement from the Publick Guardan —— the little wind that there is being fair for any Ship that may be coming with Provision for the Relief of this Starved Island —— the Number of Birds brought in by Marines, Sailers and Convicts last night of which I have been able to get ane Account of Amounted to 4731

Munday 17th

       
46436 
4731 
4031 
55198 

Moderate Weather and little Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing this morning —— She Returnd about 12 oClock with 183 fish —— Servd every body in the Settlement fish —— the Surf got up much Since the Morning and Seems inclinable to get up more on which Account dont think it Save to Send the Boat out again this afternoon for on her our great hopes for Subsistance depends and Should any Accident happen to her we would Soon fine the great want of her —— Jno. Robins that went into the woods the [day] before Yesterday Returnd last night and gave himself up to one of the Overseers —— was Punished with 50 Lashes and ordered to be put on two Pounds of Flour only a week and to work in Irons —— the people Empd as before; all the Convicts/Carpenters, Smiths, Masons, Sawyers, Shinglers Excepted/ in clearing Ground for to put Potatoes, Corn &c in for use to live on —— the Carpenters in Sundrys the Smiths in making fishing hooks, the Masons in building an Oven the marines in bringing Timber to the Saw pits, the Sailors in brining in flax to thatch their Barrack, the female Convicts in brining in flax also to Thatch different Huts —— the Number of Bird brought in last night 4031

Tuesday 18th

Squaly weather wind S:W. and a great Surf —— every body Supplied with Turnips —— the two Armours of the Sirius Empd in making Hinges lock &c for Captain Hunter and the other officers of the Sirius, three of the Convicts Empd in making fishing lines out of Rope Yarns there not being a fishing line in Store all the lines which were in Store on Majr. Ross's taking the Command of the Island being all worn out —— Branagan and Dring the two Convicts Confined in the Guard House Some time past /for getting drunk on board of the Sirius when the[y] got leave to goe on board to throw the Remainder of the Stock that was a live on board over board to Save it from Starving in hopes that the Sea might throw Some of it Save on Shore /for Setting the Ship on fire are this afternoon Released from the Guard House and permittd to goe to there own Hutts but Still to Remain in Irons —— birds Marines 309, Sailers 437, Convicts 614note




  ― 135 ―

Wednessday 19th

       
55198 
1360 
3081 
59639 

     
59639 
939 
60578 

Still Squaly weather but the Surf being gone down much Sent the Boat out a fishing in the morning She Returnd about 12 oClock with 103 large Snappers and a large Black Codd —— Served fish to all the marines, the Sirius's Ships Company and the greatest part of the Convicts —— most of the Carpenters of the Sirius Employd in making Chest Boxes &c for Capt Hunter and the Rest of the Officers of the Sirius in the Room of there being Empd. in building houses for to Shelter them and there people from the weather —— the Boat was out in the afternoon and Returnd about Sun Set with only 8 fish —— Birds brought in last night 3081 —— the Boat that was build in the Room of the one that was Stove to pices in assisten the people on the Reef when they were getting things from the Sirius is not worth the Nails that have been expended in making her for she is good for nothing and I think Majr. Ross is very much in the Right not to Suffer or Send any person out in her without the Reef for chances are against her if She would ever Return again —— She has got every bad Quality that a boat can have —— She is like the Rest of the Boats which the Carpenters of the Sirius have attempted to build —— a party intended to have gone to Mount Pit to day Consisting of Captains Hunter and Johnstone Lieuts Creswell and Kellow to S[p]end the day there and to have taking 16 men beloning to the Sirius Ships Company to have Cut down trees on Mount Pit which Major Ross very properly I think put a Stop too on account of there intending to have cut down trees there as he Said the greatest part of our present Subsistance we get from there from the Birds that Resort to that place and as the Cutting the trees down there might be the means of making them leave the Island much Sooner than the[y] otherwise would therfore desird that no tree there might be cut down without his permision on which the above party put off there Excurtion [to] the mount

Thursday 20th.

Cloudy weather and blows fresh from the Southward —— it Raind hard last night at times it also Lightened and Thundred a good dele in the begining of the Night —— not much Surf on the Reef —— Sent the Boat out this morning a fishing who caught 42 Snappers which were distrubed amongst the officers Non commd. officers &c —— the[y] Sowd two Bushell of Barly at the Government Farm and also begun planting also potatoes at the Said Farm —— Birds 939note

Friday 21st.

Moderate weather —— did not Send the Boat out this morning on Account of her wanting Some Repair but Sent her out in the afternoon when She Returnd at Sun Set with 98 Fish —— Servd the officers and


  ― 136 ―
then the Convicts it been there Turn but ther not being fish Sufficent to Supply all the Convicts —— little Surf —— the Seamen begun clearing ground for a Guarden also put Some more potatoes into the Ground at the Publicks Farm —— a Complaint was made to Major Ross to day that Some of the Convicts [go] note to Mount Pit only for the Sake of the Birds Eggs the[y] Catch the Birds and them that have no Eggs the[y] let goe again and them that are with Egg the[y] Cut the Egg out of them and then the[y] let the Poor Bird fly again which is one of the Crueles things which I think I Ever herd —— I hope that Some of them will be Caught at this Cruel work for the Sake of making ane example of them —— Birds kild last night by M.381, S.631, Convicts 839

Saterday 22

         
60578 
1851 
2052 
5631 
70112 

Fresh Breezes and Cloudy the Wind N:ByW: —— no Surf —— Sent the Boat this morning and again in the afternoon —— She brought in, in the morning 110 and in the Evening 106 large Snappers —— Served fish to Every body in the Settlement Except the man that is Still absent in the woods /Tennesy/ a Convict —— ane order came out to day Respecting the people going to mount Pit and taking with them Dogs, tools or Implements and distroying the Birds there Cruely and Wantenly for which See the Orderly Book —— the Convicts were musterd to day and the order which came out to day Read to them —— Several of them were absent at muster for which there Provisions is order to be Stopt —— Birds 2052

Sunday 23rd

it very disagreable day for it blows very hard and Rains every half hour as it has done the greatest part of last night —— there being little Surf Sent the Boat out this morning —— She Returnd about 10 oClock with only 47 fish there being to much Sea out for them —— the Surf is also getting up fast —— Birds last night 5631note

Munday 24

the Greatest Part of Last night it Thunderd Raind Lightend and Blow very hard and at present it blows a very hard gale of wind from the S.W: —— there is and has been all this day a great Surf on the Reef —— this morning died Ann Farmer a famele Convict which is the first Person that has died a natural death Since the Island has been first Settled —— She was better than half dead before the[y] Sent her from England —— by all accounts She was a most wicked woman having been the Occation of more than twenty men and women coming to untimly ends but She is now gone where She will be Rewarded According to her merrits —— the people Empd. as last week Viz. the marines in felling timber for the Saw pits and brining it to the Pits —— the Sirius


  ― 137 ―
Ships Companie Some in Clearing ground of a Gardin the Remainder brining in Spars to a Saw pit which the[y] have made to be Cut by them in Oars —— the Ships Carpenters in making Box tables &c for the Ships officers —— the Ships armorous at difft. jobs for dito —— the Convicts that are not Smiths Carpenters Sawyers Masons &c Empd. in felling trees Clearing Ground &c for Corn —— the Smiths in making a Chain for the officers Mess Kitching Chimney and also making Fishing Hooks, the Carpenters Some in fitting up Capt Johnstones House others in putting up the Picketing round the Marines Encampment &c the Sawyers in Cutting Inch Half Quarter and feather edge Boards also Some Scantling for different purposes —— the female Convicts in picking up the Roots of the trees /where the male Convicts have grubed the Ground for Sowing/ and putting them in Small heaps for Burning —— very few Sick and none of them very bad the[y] having only Small Wounds —— Birds brought in last night 4354

       
70112 
4354 
1839 
76305 

Tuesday 25th.

Much the Same weather as Yesterday and Still a very great Surf —— the people that were at Mount Pit last Evening Say that the Birds there were thicker than the[y] ever Saw them —— it is a great Blessing that the Birds last So long for god knows what would become of use, if it was not for them being So plenty as the[y] are —— for these two days past the Boat has not been able to goe out a fishing on Account of the great Surf and to all appearence She will not for these Several days to come —— Birds last night 1839

Wednessday 26th.

The weather more moderate than what it has been these two days past the wind has come Round to the S:E: Still a great Surf —— Finnesy the Convict that went into the woods the 15 Inst on Account of theft was brought in to day by Saml. Husey a Convict who Caught him in his Guardin endeavouring to Steal his potatoes —— he is put into Irons and Confined into the Guard House for the present —— Birds last night 3113note

Thursday 27th.

             
76305 
3113 
1811 
1393 
153 
4727 
87502 

Squaly weather wind S:E: a heavy Surf at times but it appears if it was going down —— Thos. Finnesy who was brought in Yesterday being brought before three members of the Council Viz. Captain Johnstone Lieut Johnstone and my Self when the whole charge being proved against him Viz: that he on the 15 Inst did take a Cabbage out of Lieut Creswells guardin and absented himself from all work from that time untill he was brought into Camp Yesterday by Saml. Husey for which we Sentenced him to have his allowance Stopt from the Public Store


  ― 138 ―
except 2 Pounds of Flour a week for the Space of ten weeks and to work in Irons during that time —— Birds last night 1811

Friday 28th.

Moderate weather and the Surf going down fast —— Empd. the marines Such of them as work as Carpenters at Port Jackson to get a place Erected for to put the hand mills up to grind the Corn as all the flour that is in Store will Soon be exspended —— Birds 1393

Saterday 29th.

Moderate on Shore little Surf —— Sent the Boat out this morning a fishing but it blowd hard in the aftning which preventd her from Staying on the fishing ground and the[y] Caught only 10 Snappers which were Served to the officers —— Birds last night 2153

Sunday 30th.

Moderate weather and little Surf on the Reef —— Sent the Boat out in the morning and again in the afternoon —— She brought in, in the morning 59 and in the afternoon 17 Snappers —— Served them to the officers and the two first Messes of the marines —— Birds last night 4727

Munday 31st.

Fine moderate weather little wind from the Northward and Surf —— Sent the Boat out this morning and again in the afternoon —— She brought in, in the morning 101 and in the Evening 69 Snappers —— Served every body in the Town with fish —— the people Employd as last week —— Birds last night by Marines 913, by the Sailers 1101, by the Convicts 2743

JUNE 1790

June Tuesday 1st.

           
Birds 
87502 
913 
1101 
2743 
92259 

Much the Same weather as Yesterday very little Surf —— the Boat went out this morning as did the Small Cutter of the Sirius —— the Coble or Island Boat brought in in the forenoon 120 large Snappers and the Cutter 86 dito —— being fine moderate weather and No Surf Sent them both out again after dinner & the[y] Returnd at Sun Set the Coble with 59 and the Cutter with 17 Snappers —— Served Every body with a great abundance of Fish —— long may this Fish Continue —— Birds last night 951note —— Punished [*] with 50 Lashes Convict for Neglect of duty

Wednesday 2d.

       
92259 
915 
3930 
97104 

Fine weather —— Sent the Coble and Small Cutter out this Morning the[y] Both Returnd about 12 oClock the former with 59 and latter with 152 fine fish —— Served all the officers marines Seamen and and the Convicts Until the 59 Mess of them —— more Surf than ther was


  ― 139 ―
Yesterday and it appears if it was going to Rise which is the Reason that the Boats did not goe out again this afternoon —— Bird 3930

Thursday 3rd.

although the weather had not the most favourable appearence Sent the Boats out the Coble and Cutter this morning on Account that to Morrow is the Kings Birth day wished to be able to get every body in the Settlement a Mess of Fish but about 10 oClock the weather look very bad and the Surf getting up made the Signal for the Boats to come in which the[y] did —— the Coble with only 3 and the Cutter with 59 Snappers —— Served them out to the officers and the Remainder to the petty officers of the Sirius and non Commd. officers of the detachment —— little John and myself with three of the Servant went to Mount Pit last night to See them Catch the Birds —— we got to the mount a little befor Sun Set —— at Sun Set the Air was as thick with them as knats are in a fine Summers Evening in England —— I Caught above two hundred of them but as I only wanted them that had Eggs I let them all goe Except 27 who were with Eggs goe again —— we Staid about one hour and a half for to get these Birds after which we lighted our Torches and and Came home about ½ after Eight —— Birds last night 1590

Friday 4th.

           
97104 
1590 
4341 
6125 
5190 
114350 

Blows hard from the N:W: and a great Surf —— this being his Majestys Birth day the people are on which Account allowd a holiday —— the Detachment in honour of the day fird three Vollies —— all the Gentlemen in the Island dinned with Major Ross as also Supped where the greatest good cheer and harmony Subsisted amongst every one —— Every body Seemd to be happy —— Birds last night 4341

Saterday 5th.

Blows Still very hard and a most Tremendious Surf —— Majr. Ross order a party out to look at a place where he is informed that there is about Sixty Acres of ground which might be easly Cleard —— Birds last night 6125note

Sunday 6th.

Clear weather and it dont Blow So hard as it did Yesterday but Still a great Surf —— the party that went out Yesterday morning Returnd last Evening and Reportd to Majr. Ross that the[y] had found the place and that there is near a hundred Acres which might be cleard in a much Shorter time than ten Acres wher the[y] are Clearing ground


  ― 140 ―
now —— Majr. Ross intend going to Look at the place before he intends Sending any people out ther to clear ground for Corn —— ther is also plenty of water —— Birds last night 5190

Munday 7th.

Dirty Rainy weather little wind from the North East and the Surf going down fast —— the People Empd. as last week —— Birds brought in last night by different people 5653

Tuesday 8th.

Nasty weather it Raind hard all last night as it has done all this day and it has blown fresh from the N:E: little Surf —— Birds last night 1213

Wednessday 9th.

     
115350 
5653 
1213 

Much the Same Weather as Yesterday except that it blows harder from the Same Quarter and the Surf inclineable to Rise —— as the Boat cannot goe out a fishing the Boats Crew Employd in Splitting wood to make Charcoal —— Birds Kild last night 3515

Thursday 10th.

 
3515 

Squaly weather and a great Surf —— the Smiths Employd at Setting the Charcoal Kiln —— Birds 1591

Friday 11th.

       
1591 
1831 
1907 
131060 

Clear weather and blows fresh from the N:W: and a great dele of Surf —— Punished the following Convicts with 50 Lashes each Peter Creamer, [*] Clark, [*] Touso and Chas. Repeat for neglect of duty —— the[y] planted a half Acre of potatoes at the Public Farm to day —— Birds last night 1831

Saterday 12th.

More moderate than yesterday and the Surf gone down very much —— the[y] planted a nother half Acre of Potatoes for the Public to day —— Birds last night kild 1907note

Sunday 13th.

     
131060 
5709 
136769 

Fine Moderate weather and little Surf —— Sent the Cobal out a fishing as did Capt Hunter there Small Cutter also —— the Cobal Returned about 12 oClock with 27 Snappers and Sent her out again the moment that the fish was got out of her —— the Cutter Return about 3 oClock with 139 fish —— begun Serving the fish where I left of the first of this month at 59 Mess of the Convicts & Servd also all the officers the Detachment and the Ships Companies of the Sirius —— the Coble Returnd about Sun Set with 134 Snappers —— Served all the Convicts as also all the officers again —— this has been a glorious day for it has given every body and a great manny times fish in the Settlement to day —— four Such days as this in the week untill the Ships arrive from England or the Return of the Supply from wher She may have been


  ― 141 ―
Sent for Provisions for use —— I think we will not Starve and also the other Blessing that of the Birds for there were kild last night 5709

Munday 14th.

Moderate weather and no Surf —— Sent the Coble out this morning as did the Cutter of the Sirius —— the[y] Both Returnd about 12 oClock the Coble with 30 and the Cutter with 66 Snappers —— Served all the officers after which begune where I left of it Yesterday at the 63 Mess of the Convicts —— Served them and all the Detachment and the four first Messes of the Sailers —— both Boat were Sent out again and the[y] Returnd about Sun Set the Coble with 18 and the Cutter with 26 fish —— Served the Boats Crews and as far as the Six Mess of the Sailers —— the People Empd. as follows 20 Privates of the Detachment with two Non Commd. officers to grub ground to plant Potatoes —— five of the marines went out by order of Majr. Ross to the place where the party went on the 5th. Inst and to clear ground in order to build Some hutts on —— it is about two miles on the left of the mount Pit Road —— Majr. Ross Captains Hunter and Johnstone and Lieut Creswell went out to look at it last Saterday and the[y] found it a very fine pice of Ground —— no Timber on it nothing but Vines —— Majr. Ross intends to make it the principal place of Cultavation as the[y] Can Clear five Acres with less trouble there with the Same number of hands than the[y] can clear one Acre where the[y] are Clearing Ground at present which will be a great thing for the whole Settlement in our present Situation —— the Sawyers in Cutting half inch, inch and two inch Board for a house for Captain Hunter —— the Carpenter in putting the fraim together —— the Smiths in making hooks for Clearing the Vines at the now intended Settlement —— 4 four men at making Shingles —— Jas. Thomas a Convict tried to day for attempting to Steal flour from the Public Store last Saterday when the[y] were Serving out the Provisions to the people —— the crime being proved for which he is Sentenced to be put on two pounds of flour a week only for the Space of twelf weeks and to work in Irons during that time —— Elizh. Thomas tried to day also for detaining to Kettle from one of the Seamen —— She was orderd to Return the Kettle to the Person —— Birds last night 4103note

Tuesday 15th.

It Blowd Remarkable hard last night from the Northward with hard Rain —— the was not much wind and little Surf In the morning —— Sent the Boat out in the morning but about 9 oClock it came on to blow a hard gale of wind from the Westward and the Boat being to Leward of the Bay She could not pull up for the great Sea and wind being against her —— She was obliged to goe to Ball Bay where the


  ― 142 ―
Sailers went to haul her up there being non of our men in Town Except the Guard and all the Convict being out of Town also at work —— about four oClock the people Returned from hauling the Boat up and left her Save above hight water mark in Ball Bay —— the[y] Caught only four fish of which number there was a large black fish which I gave to the people that went to haul the Boat up and the others to the Boats Crew —— the place where Majr. Ross intends making a Settlement was this day namd Charlots field in honour of her Majesty —— Good Woman —— planted an Acre and half of Potatoes more again to day —— Birds kild last night 2114

Wednessday 16th.

It has blown Remarkably hard all this day from the Southward —— five men Sent out to Charlot Field to make a Road down to the Run of water —— Birds last night 1320 —— the Surf getting up

Thursday 17th.

It Blowd very hard all last night and has done the Same the great part of this day from the South East and a great Surf on the Reef —— more Moderate this Evening —— Captain Johnstone with two Non Commd. officers and Six Privates with a gang of ten Convicts went out to Charlotts Field to day to build huts —— by to days order Captain Johnstons Companie is to hold themself in Readiness to march to Charlots Field when the huts are build for ther Reception for the purpose of Clearing Ground and the[y] will be paid with the other working parties in the Settlement in the Usuall manner as other working parties of his Majesty Troup —— Captain Johnstons Companie with ane officer to march tomorrow morning to Charlots field to assist the making the Huts for the Reception of the Companie —— directed Mr. Morley by Majr. Ross order to deliver to the Carpenter of the Sirius Eighteen Grubbing Hows for the Use of the Sirius Ships Company for the purpose of ther clearing Ground for a Guarden for them Self —— the[y] planted a nother Acre of Potatoes at the Public Farm to day —— Birds last night 307 by the marines only —— See the orderly Book for the above order

Friday 18th.

Clear weather with a fresh Breeze from the South and a great Surf on the Reef —— I marched out with the Compy. this morning to Charlot Field Staid with them and the ten Convicts untill near Sun Set Errecting Huts for my Self and the Companie —— the[y] Sowd 2 Acres of Barley at the Public Farm to day —— Birds last night 410note

Saterday 19th.

Moderate Weather and the Surf going down —— Lieut Kellow march


  ― 143 ―
with the Companie to Charlotte Field on the Same duty as I did Yesterday —— Removed the Powder from the Lower Flag Staff to a place dugg in the Majr. Yard —— Continued planting potatoes to day —— Birds last night 519

Sunday 20th.

Fine Moderate weather wind East and not much Surf —— the Boat Still above hight water in Balls Bay where there is too much Surf to Launch her —— Birds last night by the Marines 734, by the Seamen 1137 by the Convicts 2341 —— walk with Majr. Ross to Charlott Field

Munday 21st.

Moderate weather but a great Surf it having got up much Since last night —— the peopel Employd as last week —— Oataway Engle a male Convict Tried to day for neglect of duty and Sentenced to have only a Quarter of a pound of Flour a day and that to be Served him daily for the Space of one Month and to work as the other people doe in the gangs —— very few Sick and only one of them in any Danger which is a woman Convict —— I wish that the almighty would be So Kind to use as to take a few of them for we could doe much better without them at present as we he So little to give them to eat now —— Birds last night 3464

Tuesday 22d.

Fine Moderate weather but a great Surf Still —— William Cool a Convict was tried to day for leaving his work Yesterday /when he went out to Charlot Field with me/ without Leave —— Sentenced to be put on two pounds of flour a week only for the Space of one month —— Birds last night 703

Wednessday 23rd.

Nasty disagreable weather for it has blown and Raind the greatest part of all last night from the Nothward —— little Surf —— Sent the Boats Crue Round to Balls Bay to Varnish the Cobal —— the Small Cutter of the Sirius went out a fishing this morning and Caught only 20 fish —— the Cobal got Save Round —— Thomas Roudon one of the Detachment at work out a Charlot Field in building huts went out to Cutt a Cabbage and has not been herd of Since —— Birds last night 1149

Thursday 24th.

Blows fresh from the Westward and at Times Rain —— Roudon is Still Missing —— Birds last night 805 —— not much Surf on the Reef

Friday 25th.

Squaly weather from the S:W: —— Roudon Still absent —— Some of the Company Slept at Charlotte Field last night —— Birds 410note




  ― 144 ―

Saterday 26th.

Clear weather but Still Blows fresh from the S:W: —— Capt. Johnstones Compy. empd in carring out ther Bedding &c —— by to days orders all the Compy. is to be out there to morrow to be Ready to begin on Munday morning —— Birds 793

Sunday 27th.

Blows fresh in Squals from the S:E: —— the Coble went out this Morning and Returnd about one oClock with only 12 fish —— Thos. Roudon that went from Charlot Field on Tuesday afternoon Returnd this day allmost dead —— the Account that he gives of himself is that on his leaving Charlots field to goe for the Cabbaged that he Soon after met a Cabbagd Tree which he Cut down and after Cutting the Cabbaged out of it he did not know which way to Return as he did not take note which way he had come that he walked about a little and it groing dark he Sat down for the night —— the next day he walked about the whole day but could not find his way back or hier any body that towards night he got near the Sea Shore he then lay himself down again for the night —— in the morning he made towards the Sea Shore which he has keep all the way as he had no other chance of getting ever in again but by walking round the Shore —— he has not eat any thing Since he has been loss except the Cabbage which he cut down on the afternoon that he lost himself —— after dinner Capt Johnstone Lieut Kellow and myself walk out here to Stay while the Companie dose and to See that they dont leave there work —— Birds last night 5035

Charlot Field Munday 28th.

Remarkably Fine day —— the drum for work bete at Seven oClock —— 24 Privates 4 Non Commd. officers and 18 Convicts Set too with a good will to Clear the Ground for Cultivation According to the orders of the [*] Instant and we have in my oppinion done a good days work —— I hope the men will Continue working as the[y] have done to day then with the Blessing of God we will be past all danger of Starving untill Some Relief comes to use which I trust will not be long —— First Birds Kild by the people from here 4 of our men and three of the [Convicts brought in to] day 451note

Charlot Field Tuesday 29th.

Very fine weather —— the men have workd very well again to day —— went into Town to Majr. Ross who Sent for me to deliver out the Hammocks for the Men beloning to Capt. Merediths Companie —— the Cobal and Cutter went out to day but dont know what fish the[y] Caught —— Birds last night 343note




  ― 145 ―

Wednessday 30th.

Fine Moderate weather but the wind has got Round to the Northward and Since I have been heer I have Remarked that when the wind gets into that Quarter we alwayse brings Rain —— Capt. Hunter and Lieut Creswell came out to See how we goe on —— the men work with the Same Spirrit as when the[y] first begune —— the two Boats were out this morning and Caught a great number of fish —— Majr. Ross Sent 20 of them out here for use and the people that are here —— Bird last night 415

JULY 1790

July Thursday 1st.

It Raind hard all last night —— in the morning it Seemd if it would hold up —— the working drum beat at the usual hour and every body went to work with the Same good Spirrit as if it was fine weather for while we were in the Field it Raind a times very hard —— at 11 oClock was obliged to brake the men of from work for the Rain —— about 2 oClock it lookd Clear and the men went out but was again obliged to call them in in about half an hour after and it has Raind almost ever Since —— from the Setting of the Sun and the wind getting Round to the Westward I hope to morrow will be a good day —— Birds last night 241

Friday 2d.

Much the Same weather that we had Yesterday —— Between the Showrs got the people out and I must doe them credit that for the time the Rain would permit them the[y] have workd very hard by making up a good fence with the Vine roots &c on the Right Side as you goe down to the Water —— 21 fish came out for use —— Bird 213

Charlot Field Saterday 3th.

Fair weather —— Set the people to work to make a fence on the left hand Side of the Road down to the water as the[y] did Yesterday on the Right hand Side —— Capt Johnstone went in to Town after Breakfast and Returnd to dinner —— Lieuts Creswell and Johnstone came out to See how we go on —— the[y] Returnd to dinner —— Lieut Kellow went with them and Returnd in the Evening —— Majr. Ross Sent out 30 fish for Every body her by which I find that the Boats have been out to day —— Birds last night 439

Sunday 4th.

Blows fresh from the S.W with Showrs at times —— Capt Johnstone and Self went in to dinner and Return in the Evening —— hope to morrow will be a good day that we may be able to work in clearing as we have done this last week —— Birds 591note




  ― 146 ―

Munday 5th.

Fine weather but Blows very hard from the S:W: —— the[y] went to work this morning at the usual time in clearing the Ground —— Lieut Timins came out to See use after dinner —— Birds last night 608

Tuesday 6th.

Squaly weather and at times it Blows very hard —— Lieut Johnstone came out to dine with use —— the people went to work at the usual hours and have work like men ever Since the[y] have begun —— Birds last night 313

Wednessday 7th.

Fine Moderate weather —— the people Empd. as before —— Lieut Johnstone came out to inform use that the two Convicts that had abconded the 28 of June from their work were brought in as also Josh Touso who had left his work on Saterday last and that he Supposed that the[y] would be tried to morrow or next day and that we all Should be Sent for —— Birds 443

Thursday 8th.

Cloudy Weather with drisling Rain —— the people Empd. as before —— have been very ill all last night and am not much better now —— before dinner a Non Commd. officer came out with order acquainting use that the Genl. Court Martial for the Tryal of Benjn. Ingrim, David Lonkey and Josh Touso was to Sit to morrow and that we three are Members of it —— Captain Johnstone went in before dinner by whom I Sent in word to Majr. Ross that if I was not better than I am at present that I should not be able to Sit —— Mr. Consident the Surgeon came out to See me if I Should not be able to sit to morrow —— Lieut Johnstone came also out in the Same purpose —— finding myself much Better than I was in the Morning I walk in to Town with them and Majr. Ross was very glad to See me who made up a Bed for me —— Birds last night 410note

Friday 9th.

Cloudy Weather —— find myself much Better to day —— the General Court Martial held this day for the tryal of Benjn. Ingram, David Lonkey and Josh Touso Convicts for different Crimes —— the Court not been able to goe throu all the Evidences the Court adjournd untill to morrow morning 9 oClock —— not much Surf

Charlotts Field Saterday 10th.

It Blowd Remarkable hard all last night and it dose now in Squals —— a good dele of Surf —— the Court having met According to adjournment when after going throu the different Evidences for and against the Priseners as also the Priseners defences the Court have found them all Guilty of the first Part of the Charge of Absenting themselves from the Public Work without Leave and doe Sentence them to Receive each


  ― 147 ―
300 Lashes on there bare Backs —— after Tea came out to Charlotts Field

Sunday 11th.

Blows fresh —— far from being well —— Mr. Shortland came out to Breakfast and Staid dinner with use —— Majr. Ross and little John came out to See how we have been going on and is very much pleasd with use —— in the afternoon Capt Hunter and Lieuts Creswell and Johnstone came out also to See use and to See what progress we have made Since the[y] were here last

Charlotte Field Munday 12th.

Fine Morning —— the people went to work as Usual in clearing the Ground —— Six Convicts came out to Build a Hogg Sty for the hoggs beloning to the Public —— the[y] are to Remain here untill the[y] have finished them —— the latter part of this day Squaly with Thunder Lightening and Rain —— Birds last night 310

Tuesday 13th.

Fine weather —— the people at work as before —— Majr. Ross, Mr. Ross and little John came out and dinned with use —— old Elliot planted a bed of Potatoes here to Show use how we are to doe them without turning the ground up or howing it —— the latter part of the afternoon Squaly with a little Rain and Thunder and Lightening —— Birds 409

Wednessday 14th.

Fine Weather —— the people in Getting the Roots of the ground —— Mr. Consident and Mr. Walker came out heer to day before dinner —— Capt Johnstone walked in to Town after dinner and Returnd in the Evening again —— Birds 319

Thursday 15th.

Clear Moderate Weather —— the people Empd. as Yesterday —— Birds 441

Friday 16th.

Cloudy Weather —— old Elliot came out this morning and Sowd about two Acres of Wheat —— the people Empd. in clearing the ground of the Rubish and in howing the Corn in the Ground —— Lieut Johnstone came out this afternoon to inform Capt Johnstone that he and his companie will be Relievd part to Morrow and the Remainder the day following —— Birds last night 354note

Saterday 17

Fine weather —— the people Empd. in carring in there things &c —— Sent in all mine in the afternoon —— Lieut Johnstone came out and I gave him up the Charge of Charlotte Field —— Lieuts Creswell and Faddy will be out to Morrow with the Remainder of Captain Merediths


  ― 148 ―
Company —— while we have been out at Charlott Field we have Cleard better than 4 Acres of ground fit for Sowing or planting

Sunday 18th.

Moderate weather and little Surf —— the Cobal went out a fishing this morning as did the Cutter —— the[y] Both Returnd about 12 oClock the former with 12 fish and the latter with 90 —— Sent them both out directly again and the[y] Return at Sun Set the Cobal with 12 fish and the Cutter with 2 fish —— the Remainder of Capt Merediths Compy. went out to Charlotts Field this afternoon —— Served the fish out to the marines and to Some of the Convicts

Munday 19th.

It Raind very hard all last night and the greatest part of this morning —— it Clear up about Nine oClock and little Surf —— Sent the Cobal and Cutter for to get fish —— the[y] Return the former with [*] and the latter with [*] fish —— Served them out to the Convicts who had non Yesterday —— Majr. Ross cald the Council together and we came to the following wise Resolution, Viz:

The Lieutenant Governor and Council having Judged it absolutely Necessary that as long as the Birds at Mount Pit are to be had in Such abundance and as the Season of the Year is approaching for the Boat to be Employd in fishing that there Should not be any more Salt Beef or Pork Issued from the Store untill those most Valuable Resources fail us And as it is very possible that for Some Months longer we may find ourselves disapointed of the Supplies we have So long Expected from Europe and to prolong as much as possible Some Small proportion of Animal food to every body before it is intirely Exhausted we have there orderd that the Rations of Beef and Pork Shall not be Issued Untill further Orders —— See the Council Book

Since I have been out to at Charlotte Field the Serjeants of the Guard have neglected taking ane Account of the Number of Birds which the people have brought in So that I have no Account off them and as the people dont come to the Guard house as before Shall not be able to get an Account —— the people Employd the greatest part of the Convicts in Clearing ground as before —— the Carpenters in building a house for Captain Hunter —— the Ships Carpenters in building a Boat after the Moddle of the Coble for the Settlement —— when Built I hope we will have good weather to Send her out with the other Boats a fishing —— the Sawyers in Cutting Planks for the Boat &c —— the Smiths in making Charcoal —— the people begin to grow very Sickly




  ― 149 ―

Tuesday 20th.

Fine Calm weather and no Surf —— Sent the Coble out a fishing as did the Cutter —— the[y] Returnd about two oClock the Coble with 136 and the Cutter with 74 Snappers —— the moment that the fish was got out of the Boats Sent them Both out again and the[y] Returnd about Sun Set the Coble with 18 the Cutter with 2 fish —— Served them to all the Sailors, the Marines in Town and the Marines out at Charlott Field the greatest part of the Convicts in Town and all the Convicts at Charlotte Field and them at Pillomans Farm and at Cascade Farm

Wednessday 21st.

It Blowd hard all last night with hard Rain and it has done the Same all this day —— too much Surf to Send the Boat out

Thursday 22d.

it has done nothing all this day but blow a gale with hard Rain —— a great Surf on the Reef

Friday 23

Dirty disagreable weather much the Same as Yesterday —— a great Surf on the Reef Occationed with a heavy Sea rolling into the Bay —— the men attend me to Sign there Account for last Quarter

Saterday 24

Blows very hard Still but it is more moderate than it has been for these three days past —— a very great Surf on the Reef

Sunday 25

Moderate weather and the Surf going down fast —— hope to morrow Shall be able to Send the Cobal out

Munday 26th.

Clear Moderate weather and not much Surf —— Sent the Coble out this morning —— She Returnd at Noon with only 10 fish —— the people Empd. as last week —— Lieut Faddy came in from Charlotte Field and dinned with use —— after we had brok up he Staid to acquaint Majr. Ross with a Conversation that he and Mr. Kellow had Respecting anote Majr. Ross then Sent for Mr. Kellow when Mr. Faddy Repeated the Same words before Mr. Kellow as he had done before he came into the Room and Mr. Faddy Said which Mr. Kellow cannot denay —— Mr. Kellow Said Majr. Ross it is no Such thing I never Said any Such a thing on which the Majr. Said I will here no more a bout the Matter Since you have made use of Such Language to each other you have given each other the Lie one of you must be in the wrong both of you cannot be Right —— untill I know which is in the wrong I will here no more about the Matter on which the[y] both went a way —— I being present the whole of the time Majr. Ross askd me if I ever herd any


  ― 150 ―
thing like it —— I made Answer one of them has told a Lie but which of them is the father of it I cannot Say on which the Majr. Said untill this matter is Clear up I will not put my feet under the Same table with eather of them and I'll beg of you as being the person that takes care of the Mess to goe to Mr. K and Acquaint him that untill this matter is cleard up I am Resolved Not to sit down to table with him —— on which I went to Mr. K. and Acquainted him with Majr. Ross's Resolutions —— he made me for answer that he could not help it but what Mr. F. had Said was not true —— he then askd me what he could doe —— I made him for Answer if you ask me as a friend although it is a Delicate point to give ones advice on —— he Said that he did askd me as a friend —— I then Said you have nothing left but to call Mr. Faddy out —— he answerd me I am getting my pistols Ready in Expectation of hearing from Mr. F —— I Said I did not think that Mr. F would Call on him as Mr. F has given You the Lie and as Such it is your provence to Call Mr. F. out —— on which he Said I believe he is gone out of to Charlotte Field on which I Said I believe not for I Saw him going to his Guardin when I was coming down to you and Mr. Kellow You have no time to loose if you are concious that you did not Say the words which Mr. F Accusses you of —— Mr. K Said he was Certain that he had not Said any Such a thing —— he then Said I will watch him as he goe out to Charlotte Field and will cary my pistols with me for him to give me a Meetting now or when he thinks proper, on which I left him —— I soon after met Faddy who Said Clark I declair to God the words which I mentioned to Major Ross and before you were the Words which Mr. Kellow made use of to me and which he denays —— all that I Said to him was that one of you must be in the wrong —— a little after dark Mr. K Sent his Servant to Say that he would be glad to Speak to me on which I went too his house —— he Said Clark I have Seen Mr. F on his going up the hill to goe to Charlotte Field I went after him and I Said to him you Sir have Accused me befor Majr. Ross and Mr. Clark of Saying words which I never did Say for which I am come now to demand Satisfaction —— he made me for Answer that he was now going out to Charlotte Field and that he could not Stop and that he would consult his Brother officers before he gave me any Answer on which he left me —— I told Mr. Kellow I Supposed if he consulted his Brother officers that you will here from him in the Morning on which I left Mr. K: my own private oppinion is that I believe that Mr. Kellow did Say the words which Mr. Faddy Accusses him off from this manner of Acting, if so he is a very bad man to force a man to fight him when he I think knows that he is the agresser




  ― 151 ―

Tuesday 27th.

Fine weather almost a Calm —— not much Surf —— Lieut Faddy came in from Charlotte Field before Breakfast —— after Breakfast Mr. Kellow Sent to me Saying that he would be glad to Speak to me on which I went to his house when he inform me that Mr. F had cald on him to inform him that he had come in from Charlotte Field to meet him —— Mr. Kellow told Mr. Faddy very well on which I have Sent to You Clark to know how I am to ask I cannot goe out of Camp to day as I am on duty having got the day —— I made him for Answer, that need not prevent You from meetting him as I will take the day for you —— on which he Said I wish you Clark to goe with me as my friend —— I told him that I did not think I could with any degree of propiety goe as your Second Mr. Kellow for been present when first this affair happened and having Since (as doing the Camp duty as Adjt.) carried messages from the Commanding Officer to You and from You to the Commanding officer I dont know how far with Safety to myself I can doe it but I will ask Captain Johnstone in your presence if he thinks I can goe out with you as your friend with any degree of Safety and if he Says I can, I will attend you with pleasure, on which I sent to Capt. Johnstone that I would be glad to Speak to him at Lieut Kellows Quarters on which I asked him the above Question if I could goe with Mr. K as his friend —— Capt. Johnstone Said Clark you cannot attend Mr. K: with any degree of Safety nor doe I wish you So much as to think of it —— You can take the day for him —— on which Capt J. left us —— I askd Mr. K who went out as Mr. F friend —— he Answerd me that he had nobody —— You can be the friend of use both —— I answerd him, no Sir, that I will not although I might goe out the friend of one of you it is no Reason that I am to goe as the Second of both of you, You wish to bring me in as a principle by your ask me to goe as a Second to both of you for Should eather one of you fall I Should be the person the Law would lay hold of to Answer to the person that was kild —— by your asking me to goe out in the manner you have, you have put it intirly out of my power to attend you as your friend —— if I was ever So much at liberty I therfor tell you that Should you never be able to get any body to goe out with you I am Resolved not to goe from the Manner you wished me to goe —— on which he askd me if I could tell him who to askd —— what doe you think he Said if I was to ask Capt Johnstone do you think he would —— I Said I dont know Mr. K but I will Still give you my oppinion although you did not intend to have acted generously by me I will goe and ask him now —— on which he went —— I Staid untill his Return and he Said Capt Johnstone declines it —— I told him You are intimate with Mr. Shortland why dont you askd him —— on which


  ― 152 ―
he Said So I will —— he then Sent for Shortland when I left him —— I Soon after walk down to the Vale and went into my Guardian when I Saw Mr. F in his Guardian wher a little after Mr. K and Mr. Shortland joind him —— Mr. Altree came also in the Guardian to Mr. Faddy —— the[y] were all ta[l]king together —— a little after Captain Johnstone Came past and Cald to me Saying Clark I wish to Speak to You —— he Said that Mr. Altree had Sent in a Messagd to him to inform him that Lieut Kellow and Faddy were going to fight and that the[y] had pistols with them and Mr. Faddy had cald on him (Mr. Altree) out of his Guardian Saying as a Medical man I wish you not to goe home as I shall perhaps have occation for your assistance and Captain Johnstone Said Clark I wish you to goe along with me to orderd Mr. Kellow and Mr. Faddy into camp —— I went with Captain Johnstone who orderd them Both into Camp —— Capt. Johnstone and Self Returned to Camp also —— he went and acquainted Majr. Ross with the Messaged he had Received from Mr. Altree and what he had done in consequence —— Majr. Ross Sent for me and disired me to goe and put Lieut Kellow and Faddy under an Arest and with orders for them not to Stir out of there Quarters without leave until further orders —— which orders I delivered to them both and when I was coming a way from Kellows House Shortland being there I Said Shortland I wish to Speak to you when I Said to him there being put Under Arest is nothing it is not the first time that the Arest has been hacknote in a Matter of less consequence to Gentlemens Characters than this affair is of Mr. K and Mr. F and it is absolutely necessary for the Sake of them both that the matter is Settled and I futher Said to Shortland Mr. Altree is a D.… Rascal for his pains in letting Capt Johnstone know any thing about the Matter and if I was in Faddys place I would Cut his throat or take a Stick and beet him like a post for his pains —— after dinner Lieuts Johnstone and Creswell came in from Charlotte Field Major Ross having Sent for them to inform them of the behavour of Lieuts Kellow and Faddy Yesterday before him and to disire that (we) Captain Johnstone, Lieuts Creswell, Johnstone and Self would inquir in to the matter and Endeavour to find out which is the agressor and Report our oppinion of them to him —— on which we Said that we would and mett at Captain Johnstones Quarters for that purpose where we had both the above Gentlemen before use from whom we were not able to make any thing of it —— the[y] both persisted in their first assertion —— we therfore cannot at present determine which is in the wrong but from all that we are able to collect from them both truth inclines on Faddys Side —— we have therfore agreed to meet again to morrow to See if we can find out which is the


  ― 153 ―
agressor —— about four oClock in Returning from the farm to Town I herd the Report of a pistol or Gun and was told by my Servant that he had met Messrs Kellow, Faddy, Shortland and Donevon going to [Turtle?] Bay a little after Sun Set —— Shortland came up to me and Said that Mr. Kellow and Faddy had been out and had each fire a pistol without doing Execution and that he had gone as Mr. K. and Mr. Donovon as Mr. F Second when after the firing of the pistols that Mr. Donevon and he had interferred and made them Repeat the conversation that passed Yesterday which has brought on this disagreeable affair —— when Mr. Faddy Repeated Some part of the Conversation which Mr. Kellow Said that he did not Recollect it until this moment You Mentioned it Mr. Faddy —— then Mr. Donevon and my Self Said to Mr. Kellow Since Mr. Faddy has brought part of the Conversation to Your Recollection it is very possible that you may have forgot the Remainder —— Mr. Kellow Said that it was very possible but he cald God to witness that he at present did not Recollect them on which I said to them you must Excuse me not permiting you at present firing any more on which Mr. Donevon and I left them and came in to Town —— the[y] followd use —— as I found that Mr. Faddy Still persisted in what he Related to Majr. Ross to be the words that Mr. Kellow had informed him and Mr. Kellow as firmly denied having Said any Such word to Mr. Faddy the[y] intend to goe out to morrow morning again at day brake —— I Said to Mr. Shortland, Shortland if you take my advice I would have no more to doe with for take my word you will gain no credit in this matter I find for between you and me the person whose friend you have gone out as this afternoon I firmly believe to be the agresser and he has now enterd So fare into it that he is ashamed to Acknowlege it —— that is my opinion also and I will take your advice and will tell him that he must Excuse me as I cannot think to attend him any more —— I had a better opinion of Mr. Kellow than to think he would ask in the manner he has done —— I wish to God Faddy had Shot him throu the Hart for he Richly deserves it

Wednessday 28th.

Fine weather —— after Breakfast Creswell and John Johnstone came in according to agreement and we met again at Captain Johnstones Quarters when we Sent for Mr. Shortland and Donevon who informd use that Lieuts Kellow and Faddy had met Yesterday Evening in Consequence of a Challange from Lieut Kellow —— when the dispute and words that had passed between them were again Mentioned and Mr. Faddy Repeating Some part of the Conversation Mr. Kellow Acknowledged that the words had been Said but untill that Instant it had


  ― 154 ―
Escaped his Memory but what Mr. Faddy had first Reported was not true they then Exchanged a Shot when we interfered and on talking the Business over again Mr. Kellow Said that as he had forgot Some part of the Convesation that passed between them that he might have Said the words Which Mr. Faddy Accused him of to Majr. Ross but Said he did not Recollect it —— we then Sent for Lieuts Kellow and Faddy when we went over the Same Business that the above Gentlemen have Mentioned Mr. Shortland and Donevon and Mr. Kellow Owned he had been to precipitate in asserting before Majr. Ross that what Mr. Faddy had advanced was false and Still Said that he did not Recollect of his having Said the words which has been the Occation of this disagreeble affair —— after which We desired that Mr. Kellow and Faddy as also Mr. Shortland and Donevon would with draw and if we wantd them any more we would Send for them —— after Conversing the Matter over we were all of the Same opinion that we think Lieut Kellow the aggressor from what we can learn from them Selves and there tuo Seconds and our opinion of Mr. Kellow is that his conduct in the late affair to be Really infamous & derogatory to the Character of an officer and a Gentleman and have beg of Majr. Ross that he will not put us under the disagreeable Necessaty of doing duty any Longer with a man who we think a disgrace to the Corps he serves in and who we are determined never to Associate with —— Mr. Kellows conduct in the affair alluded to in my oppinion as it not only to distroy the Reputation of an officer (who to me appears to be innocent & who I think has conducted himself like a man) but to deprive him of his Life by obliging him to have Recourse to a Pistol when he Lieut Kellow must have known that what Mr. Faddy had advanced was true and that he himself was the aggressor —— we have Reported our opinion of this affair to Majr. Ross by Letter and who Sent me in consequence to Acquaint Lieut Kellow that his Conduct in the opinion of all his Brother officers has of late been So very much Unbecoming the Character of the officer and Gentleman he therfor Suspended from all duties in the Detachment untill further orders and I was also futher directed to inform him that he is not to interfer with any thing that is going on in the Collony and that he will be Sent from the Island in the first Ship or Vessel that leaves the Island for Port Jackson or for England —— all the Answer he made was he Supposed his Arrest was the Same as at Port Jackson —— I told him I believe So —— he did not appear to be cast down at his Situation —— it was also given out in orders of his been Suspended See the orderly Book —— I am very happy that I did not goe out the Second of Mr. Kellow for his principle his Character in Short


  ― 155 ―
his every thing is bad

Thursday 29th.

Fine Weather —— the Boat went out this morning and Caught 44 fish —— no Surf on the Reef

Friday 30th.

Fine Moderate Weather —— the Cutter and Coble went out this morning and Returnd about noon the Cutter with 75 and the Coble with 13 fish —— little Surf on the Reef

Saterday 31st.

Moderate but Cloudy Weather —— the Coble and Cutter went out again and Return about 12 oClock the Coble with only 3 fish and the Cutter with 9 —— no Surf on the Reef —— I am affraid that the fish are leaving use

AUG 1790

August Sunday 1st.

Blows fresh —— did not Send the Boats out to day —— not much Surf

Munday 2d.

Blows fresh from the N:west —— the Surf Rising

Tuesday 3rd.

Squaly and a great Sea from the S.W. —— a good dele of Surf

Wednesday 4th.

Squaly from the Southward —— about 12 oClock the whole Town was in an uproar with the News of a Ship in Sight —— Capt. Johnstone and myself went on the top of Mount George to See if we could See her for we thought that it was all a fals alarm but we were Soon convinced of the Truth of the Report for we Saw her a fine large Ship off Balls Bay with English Colours flying —— I Returnd my prayers and thanks to the Almighty for delivery use from the dreadfull Situation that we have had before use for these Some time past —— the people that were Sick with the Joy of the Ship being in Sight got out of ther Beds and forgot there pains —— as the wind is against her and blowing fresh She will not be able to get in to this Bay to day and the Surf is too great to Send the Boat out to her —— Captains Hunter, Johnstone and Some of the People went over to Cascade Bay after dinner to See if the[y] could make a Signal to her for her to Send her Boat on Shore ther to know where She is from and if She has got any Provisions for use but how Shall I discribe the dreadful information when Capt. Johnstone Returnd my poor pen is not able to paint the Melancholy and tremer


  ― 156 ―
that I was Sezed with when he informd use that he had Stayd with Capt Hunter untill it was near dark and that the[y] had made Signals to the Ship by fire &c. and that She was within two miles of the Shore in Cascade Bay but that the[y] took no notice of the Signals that the[y] Sett there Studing Sails and went a way to the Northward with a fair wind and that when the[y] left Cascade Bay She was not in Sight from the highest ground there —— oh my God what can all this be are we Still doom to Starve —— this is the most cruelest thing that ever happend to any Set of people under heaven her appearing in Sight this Morning was to every body the Same as a reprive from death and then to leave us I don't know what to make of it —— in Consequence of her appearing in Sight whome we flaterd ourselves was brining use good News the Lieut Governor and Council has directed the Store Keeper to Issue half a weeks Ration of Salt Provisions to Every Individual —— I who flatterd myself this forenoon when first I saw her that by this time I Should have had Some letters from My belovd wife but no Such good fortune comes Yet to my lot I must wait with patience a little longer

Thursday 5th.

Much the Same weather as Yesterday —— no Ship in Sight from Mount Pit which is the highest Ground in the Island —— I wish to God the Ship which we Saw Yesterday had never appeard in Sight for She has made every body almost dispond it has made me almost Stupid —— the Surf gone down very much

Friday 6th.

Fine weather not much Surf but Still no Ship in Sight or any thing like a Ship —— I some times think that it was only a dream that the Ship was in Sight if there had not been more people besides myself that had Seen her I should not think other wise but that it was only a dream

Saterday 7th.

I was a waked a little after day light with the Noise of a Ship being in Sight —— I did not Remain long in bed —— after went up on the top of Mount George and Saw her a great way of to the Southward —— fine weather a little Surf —— Majr. Ross askd me when She came a little nearer in if I would goe out in the Boat and goe on Board of her and bring on Shore the despatches and the letters —— I told him I would with pleasure —— the wind being against her She did not come in much Nearer than when we first Saw her this morning —— about four oClock in the afternoon I went out in the Coble being Resolved to get on board of her if I could althought She then was not in Sight —— after I had got about two miles from the Shore in looking to the Windward I Saw a nother Ship within a few miles of us and She coming towards us


  ― 157 ―
Right before the Wind I order the Boat to goe for her —— a little after Sun Set I got on board of her and found her to be the Surprize of London, Captain Anstos from Port Jackson after getting [*] and Convicts for this Island and that the other Ship which was but just in Sight from the mast head of the Surprize was the Justinian Store Ship also with Provisions but no Convicts for this Island —— after getting all the letter that were on board I got into the Boat and Came Save on Shore again —— Anstos was first Mate of the Lady Penryn when he came out with us —— he was very glad to See me & I much more So him on Account of his brining use Some thing to eat —— on my Coming on Shore I gave all the letters &c. to Majr. Ross who delived them to the officers and people as the[y] were directed —— there was but very few for any body on Account that all the letters were on board of the other Ship as She had Saild from Port Jackson before the Surprize —— I hope She will be able to Send them on Shore to Morrow —— I am happy to heer that a Corps is come out for the Relief of use —— the Ship which we Saw on 4 of this month the[y] Say on board of the Surprize must be the Lady Juliana from Port Jackson bound to Chinia as the Captain of her Said that he would call here if he could —— all the harm that I wish him is that I hope that he will goe to Hell for not calling when he could with So little trouble to himself

Sunday 8th.

Fine weather and both Ships close in —— no Surf —— Sent the Boat out one to goe on board of the Justinian and the other to goe on board of the Surprize —— Sent the Boat full of Greens for the Ships —— the Boat from the Justinian Returnd Soon after with the letters and found amongst them four from my belovd wife and that She and my dear little fellow are well —— also Received one from Mr. Bar[*]note —— Mr Creswell also gave me two which came inclosed in Mrs. Creswell from my Betsey —— Received also a kind letter from Kempster and one from Mr. Woolrige in Closing a letter of atory. for me to Sign at the Same time informing of the Death of Mr. Hartwell which I am very Sorry for —— I Return my Betsey a thousand thank for her Kind letters —— I find the things which I wrote for She Sent on board of the Guardian and I am affraid I Shall never be able to get them as all the private property which was on board that Ship is lost from the Accident which happend to that Ship —— the Boat Empd. in Getting what the[y] can from the Ship but not to bring any of the Convicts on Shore before there is more Provisions on Shore to give them to eat —— the letter from Mr. [*] is recommending a Mr. Murray Surgeon of the Justinian to my protection and to Show him any Sivility that may be in my powr —— I have Sent


  ― 158 ―
of a not for him to come on Shore to dinner which he did —— he appears to be a very Genteel young man —— Major Ross gave me a letter from Captain Campble what came inclosed from Captain Campble to him —— for the letters See the letter Book —— Captain Campble's letter is a very Kind one

Munday 9th.

Fine weather —— little Surf —— the Boats Empd. in Landing Provisions Stores &c. from the Ships

Tuesday 10th.

Much the Same weather as Yesterday —— the Ships did not come into the Bay before 10 oClock —— the Boats Empd. as Yesterday —— the Surf appears if it was going to get up

Wednesday 11th.

Blows fresh at times —— not So much Surf to prevent the Boats from going out —— Empd. as Yesterday —— the Governor has been pleased to appoint Mr. Freeman to be Depute Commissary for Norfolk Island —— as Such he Supperceeds me as Keeper of the Public Stores and Majr. Ross has order him to be obeyd a Such and immediatly to take into his charge all the Stores & Provisions —— See the orderly Book where you will also See the Encouragment which is held out to the Non Commissioned officers and Private men of the Detachment of marines who wish to be come Settlers in this country or to incorporate themselves as Soldier in the New Raised Corps which is come out for the Service of this Colony

Thursday 12th.

Blows fresh —— too much Surf to Send the Boats out with Safety —— The Ships are gone to the other Side of the Island to Cascade Bay where the[y] may lay the Same if in a Mill pond but the[y] cannot land any Provisions with Safety

Friday 13

Blows hard from the Southward —— the[y] Landed Some of People at Cascade Bay —— Captain Maitland of the Justinian came over from Cascade and Staid all night with use

Saterday 14th.

Fine clear weather & Blows hard from the Southward —— the[y] under the Land in Cascade Bay

Sunday 15th.

Fine Weather not So much wind as there was Yesterday —— a good dele of Surf on the Reef

Munday 16th.

Fine weather —— little wind and not much Surf —— the Ships came into


  ― 159 ―
the Bay about Seven oClock and the Boats went of to them and Brought on Shore Provisions Stores &c. and what was nearest at hand for the Island — the[y] also Brought Some men and women Convicts

Tuesday 17th.

Fine Moderate weather — the Ships came into the Bay about 8 oClock the Boats went of to them to Land the Provisions Stores people &c. — the Large cutter Beloning to the Sirius in coming on shore from the Surprize with 4 four casks of Salt Provisions Six women Convicts and a Young child beloning to one of the women Just as the Boat was coming into the passaged a Surf Struck the Boat and nearly filld her as well as forced the Boat on the Reef — the next Sea that came Struck the Boat again and She parted in the middle when every body in the Boat was floating about in the Surf in the Sight of near five hundred people within a few Yeards of use and we could give them very little assistance the Tide running too Strong — by which accident Jas. Coventry, David Bain, two Seamen beloning to the Sirius who were part of the Boats Crue, [*] Johnstone, [*] Caddy, [*] Chaffey and the child were all drowned as also Jno. Roberts a Convict who went in to assist them was also drownd — the mother of the child is one of the three women that are Saved — it was a Shocking Sight to See So manny of our fellow creatures Strugling for life and we only able to give them very little Assistance and that little at the Risk of our own lives — I had my Coat of to goe in to there assistance and Should have gone if one of the Convicts had not advised me not to goe in and I am now very Glad that I did not for it is very likely but what I should have Shard the Same fate that Jno. Roberts did — the other boats have been Empd the Remainder of the day in Landing the People Provisions &c. — Mr. Murray came on Shore to Stay a few days with I must make him up a Bed on the floor

Wednesday 18th.

Fine weather little Surf — the People and Boats Empd as Yesterday getting what Provisions from the Ships that the[y] can

Thursday 19th.

Cloudy weather little Surf — the Boats Empd. as before — Punished [*] with 5 Lashes and put [*] Jones in Irons at the Grind Stone for going to Cascade without Leave and having the bed in there possesion beloning to one of the Women that Landed a Cascade last week which the Woman Said was Stole from her in the wood in the night as She was obligd to Sleep in the woods all that night that She Landed as She was not able to walk into town




  ― 160 ―

Friday 20th.

Fine Moderate weather — the Boats Empd as before

Saterday 21st.

Fine Clear and Moderate weather — the Boats Empd. as Yesterday and the people Empd. in rolling the provisions up to the Store — [*] Jones that went to Cascade on wednesday night last without leave and was put in Irons for it at the Grind Stone picked the lock of the Irons last night and is gone into the woods

Sunday 22d.

Much the Same weather as Yesterday — the Ships came in to the Bay early — Sent the Boats of for Provisions and Stores — the[y] have been/the Ships/most liberal Supplyd with all Kinds of Cabbage Turnips and all other Kinds of Guardin Stuf Since the[y] have been heer for ther has not a day gone past but what each Ship has had Sent them two Boats load of all Kinds of Greens &c.

Munday 23th.

Fine weather little Surf — the Boats Empd. in brining from the Ships what things the[y] have on board of the Settlement

Tuesday 24th.

Fine moderate weather — the Boats Empd. as before every thing will be out of the Ships in a day or two and they will Sail in day or two after So will begin to write my letters that I may want to Send by them

Wednesday 25th.

Fine weather and no Surf — the Ships in the Bay and the Boats have being going to and fro to them all day — Mr. Murray and Self went out a Shooting this forenoon — he went on board after dinner and has Since come on Shore again as he promised he not been wanted on board — I like him very much — wrote a letter in answer to the one from Mr. Beveridge

Thursday 26th.

Moderate weather and no Surf — wrote a long letter to Geo. Kempster as also Sent him Coppies of of the different Resollutions which we enterd into for to Keep life and Soul together

Friday 27th.

Moderate weather little Surf — Wrote to Mr. Thos. Wolrige also inclosing the letter of Attorney which he Sent me to Sign on Account of the death of Mr. Hartwell witnessed and filld up according to desire — I am Sorry to find that the [Blight]note has taken hold of the Corn in Several places — I hope that it will not appear in more places than it has done


  ― 161 ―
hither to for I never Saw Corn look better than what it dose

Saterday 28

Fine Moderate weather little Surf — thank God we have got every thing now out of both Ships and the[y] intend to leave use to Morrow afternoon for China — Mr. Murray went on board for good this afternoon — I have Sent all my letter under his care as also a Box for my beloved woman Containing a [*] Skin, a pair of Pidgions of this Island, a Mount Pit Bird, a Mutten Bird, a Cock and Hen Robin, a quail, a white Breasted Bird all of this Island — I hope my betsey will Receive them Save — Sent also under his care a letter for Mr. Wolrige in case any Accident Should happen to the one which I sent Yesterday by the Surprize inclosing the letter of Attorney to enable him to Receive my Subsistance and to pay you my Alicia the Sum which Mr. Hartwell paid you — I wish to God that I was going with the Ships

Sunday 29th.

little wind — only one of the Ships in Sight the Surprize — She sent her Boat on Shore to get her Receipt and as She Believes the Justinian is gone that She will make the Best of her way for China also — the Boat went on board a bout 12 oClock and She made Sail — I wish her a good Voyage

Munday 30th.

Blows fresh little Surf — the Justinian in Sight — Sent the Coble on board — She was all Yesterday becalmd which was the Reason She could not come into the Bay — She only Waits for the Return of the Coble when She will make Sail to See if She can over take the Surprize — at 11 oClock our Coble got on board of her when Soon after She made Sail and I wish them with all my heart a Save and good Voyage to China and from that to England with my dear beloved Alicia letter — Mr. Murray Sent my on Shore by the Return of the Coble a little Soap for which I am very much oblige to him for as all mine is out — I was glad when the Boat got in again for the Surf got up and it Blew hard from the S:W: which is a fair wind for the Ships

Tuesday 31

Blows fresh and a good dele of Surf — the people Empd. as befor the Ships arrived in clearing Ground &c. about 35 men and about the Same number of women in Cutting the flax to endeavour to bring it to perfection at Cascade Farm under a (Mr. Hume) who was Sent her in one of the Ships that came here last by the Govenour who Says that he understands it but for my own part I doe not think that it will ever answer the expectations of Goverment I am no Judge therfor cannot Say they will or they will not

SEPT 1790




  ― 162 ―

September Wednesday 1st.

Blows hard and a great Surf — a fine wind for the two Ships

Thursday 2d.

Still Blows fresh and a very great Surf — it is well that we got the things out of the two Ships So Soon as we did otherwise we should not have been able to have done any thing with them for these two days past on Account of the Surf and ther being too much wind

Friday 3rd.

not much wind but a good dele of Surf — I shall look out with longing Eyes for the Gorgon Untill She comes to take me a way to every thing that is dear to me on earth

Saterday 4

little wind and little Surf — Thos. Streets one of the convicts that was out at work at Charlotte Field has left his work and gone into the wood to live with Gray and Jones the other Runaway Convicts

Sunday 5th.

Moderate Weather — little Surf

Munday 6th.

Fine calm weather little Surf — I wish that the fish were come in that the Boat might goe out and get Some for Salt Beef to day and Salt Beef to Morrow and Salt Beef every day dose not agree with me for I have not been very well for these three weeks past

Tuesday 7th.

Squaly weather — wind S:W: little Surf on the Reef

Wednesday 8th.

Blows fresh from the S:W: and a good dele of Surf on the Reef

Thursday 9th.

Clear weather with a Strong breeze from the Southward and the Surf getting up — very unwell have been taking doctors Stuff for these Several days past and find no Relief by it

Friday 10th.

Moderate weather but a great Surf on the Reef — doe come good Gorgon for I wish to be a way

Saterday 11th.

Moderate weather the Surf going down fast — have been very ill have kept my bed all this day and am just got up — hope I will find my self better to morrow




  ― 163 ―

Sunday 12th.

Fine pleasant Weather — not much Surf — a little Better

Munday 13

Fine weather little Surf — the people Empd. in planting Indian Corn on the hights Round Arthurs Vale and at Charlotte Field

Tuesday 14th.

Cloudy weather has had the appearence if it would Rain all this day — little Surf

Wednesday 15th.

Cloudy dull weather — little Surf

Thursday 16th.

Clear weather & no Surf but no Gorgon — I wish to be away from this place for the place begins to be disagreable for a great manny of my Brother officers if not all are jealous of me because I am greatly in favour with Majr. Ross — if it is So the[y] have no Occation for if I could I would not doe them an injury although manny of them would me if the[y] had it in there power but I am Concious of having al along acted like ane honest man and a man of honour to my friend and them and all this is because Majr. Ross pays more attention to me than he dose to any of the Rest

Friday 17th.

Cloudy weather — little Surf

Saterday 18th.

Moderate weather inclinable to Rain — No Surf on the Reef

Sunday 19th.

Clear weather almost a Calm — no Surf on the Reef — the Blight has got in a mongst the corn very much — the[y] will be obliged to pull up a great dele when it is Quit blasted

Munday 20th.

Fine Moderate Weather no wind and no Surf — the people Empd. in planting Indian Corn wher the Ground is cleard for it and the others in clearing Ground — the Women in pulling up the patches where the Blight is amongst the Corn and Replacing it with indian Corn

Tuesday 21st.

Fine weather with a Gentle Breeze from the Eastward — little Surf on the Reef




  ― 164 ―

Wednesday 22d.

Cloudy and inclinable to Rain — not much Surf on the Reef

Thursday 23rd.

Very Cloudy with Gentle Showrs at times — no Surf on the Reef — walk to Charlotte Field

Friday 24th.

Blows fresh from the the S:W in Squals — the Surf getting up

Saterday 25th.

a Fresh Breeze from the Southward and a Great Surf on the Reef

Sunday 26

little wind and Fine Weather but a Great Surf Breaking on the Reef — not manny Sick

Munday 27th.

Fine Calm Weather — Still a Great Surf on the Reef

Tuesday 28th.

Fine Moderate weather and the Surf going down — went out a Shooting this afternoon to Charlotte Field

Wednesday 29th.

Blows fresh from the Eastward and little Surf

Thursday 30th.

Fine weather and no Surf — here is a nother month gone and no Gorgon come Yet — I hope She will be heer before the next is gone

OCT 1790

October Friday 1st.

Fine Clear weather — no Surf

Saterday 2d.

Fine weather little wind almost a Calm — no Surf on the Reef

Sunday 3rd.

Moderate weather — little or no Surf — walk out to Charlotte Field after dinner — very feu Sick

Munday 4th.

Blows Strong from the Eastward — no Surf

Tuesday 5th.

Cloudy Weather — it has been inclinable to Rain all this day — no


  ― 165 ―
Surf — walk out to Cascady farm

Wednesday 6th.

Squaly weather and at times Blows hard from the S:W: — the Surf getting up — Phoebe Flatterty a Female Convict Punished at Charlotte Field with 26 Lashes for coming into town from there Repeatly without Leave — She was orderd 50 but on her promise of not to doe the like again the Remainder were forgiven her

Thursday 7th.

Blows hard from the Southward and a great Surf

Friday 8th.

little wind and clear weather but a great Surf

Saterday 9th.

Moderate Weather — the wind East — the Surf going down

Sunday 10th.

Fine moderate weather — not much Surf — walk out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast and Return to dinner — [*] Price a male Convict died to day which is the first man that has died a natural on this Island

Munday 11th.

Clear weather almost a Calm — no Surf — went a Shooting after breakfast kild a fine pidgeon

Tuesday 12th.

Moderate weather little Surf — walk out to Charlotte Field after breakfast and Returnd to dinner

Wednesday 13th.

Cloudy weather and inclinable to Rain — not much Surf

Thursday 14th.

Cloudy weather and gentle Shows at times — not much Surf

Friday 15th.

Squaly weather and blows hard at times — the Surf getting up fast

Saterday 16th.

Cloudy Weather and hard Shows at times — a great Sea Rolling into the Bay with a great Surf on the Reef

Sunday 17th.

Squaly Weather — Still a great Surf on the Reef — wind S:W a good wind for the Gorgan or any thing that is coming here from Port Jackson




  ― 166 ―

Munday 18th.

Fair weather wind S: — Still a very great Surf — walkd out to Charlotte Field after dinner — Serjt. Smyths Indian Corn full of the Catterpillars as also all the wheat beloning to the Crown next his Corn which they will Quite destroy

Tuesday 19th.

Fine Moderate Weather — the Surf going down

Wednesday 20

Clear Moderate Weather with little Surf — walk out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast and Returnd to dinner — Punished Chale. White a Famele Convict for telling a Liy to the Centinell — a good looking woman but a great thief — She Received only 6 Lashes

Thursday 21st.

Clear Moderate weather little Surf — walked out to Charlotte Field before dinner

Friday 22d.

Fine Weather and no Surf

Saterday 23rd.

Fine weather little wind and no Surf — I wish the Fish would come in for I am Quite Sick of Salt Beef and Salt Pork I cannot eat — doe come good Gorgon

Sunday 24th.

Fine weather — little or no Surf

Munday 25th.

Cloudy Weather no Surf — a good number of the Convicts Sick Supposed from the Copper Kettles in which they dress there Meat in

Tuesday 26

Moderate Weather and no Surf

Wednesday 27th.

Cloudy weather very much inclinable to Rain to day — no Surf on the Reef

Thursday 28th.

Moderate weather no Surf on the Reef — I never Saw any thing like the Catter pillars so thick as the[y] are on Serjt. Smyths Corn and on the Pease and Beans beloning to Government — I am affraid that the[y] will distroy all the Corn on the Island if the[y] goe on as the[y] have done Since the 18th. of this month




  ― 167 ―

Friday 29th.

Moderate weather and no Surf but thousands and thousands of Catter pillards the ground is Cover with them

Saterday 30th.

Moderate weather — not much Surf

Sunday 31st.

Fine moderate weather not much Surf — a nother month gone over our heads and no Gorgon — I am affraid Some thing has happend to her or She must not have left England when the Governour Says he Expected She would — if She dont come Soon it will be very late in the Season to Send use a Way from this Country

NOV 1790

Noverr. Munday 1st.

Fine weather with little Surf — the People Empd. as last month in clearing Ground &c.

Tuesday 2d.

Clear moderate weather and no Surf

Wednesday 3rd.

Cloudy weather no Surf — it Raind a little in the night — walk out to Cascady Farm before dinner

Thursday 4th.

Cloudy weather and inclinable to Rain — no Surf on the Reef — Walkd out to Charlottes Field after dinner

Friday 5th.

Moderate Weather and no Surf

Saterday 6th.

Fine Moderate weather little Surf — Sent the Boat over to Phillip Island and land my Servant and one of the Boats Crew to Endeavour to get Tropic Birds and the Remainder to goe a Fishing — She Returnd about half after twelf with 23 fish and 4 Tropic Birds

Sunday 7th.

Fine Weather and little Surf — Sent the Boat out a fishing and to Endeavour to get Birds on Phillip Island the Same as Yesterday — the Boat Returned about one oClock with 21 fish and five Tropic Birds and a Young one

Munday 8th.

Fine Weather in the Morning and little Surf — Sent the Boat out a fishing and for Birds the Same as before — She had hardly got well over to the Island when it came on to blow which obliged them to


  ― 168 ―
disist going on the Island and as it had the appearence if it would blow very hard the[y] made the best of ther way back and the[y] got Save in when it came on to blow very hard and the Surf Rising very fast — the[y] Brought in with them 17 fine Salmon fish which were distributed amongst the officers — by one of the Men Burning the wood of the Ground which he was clearing for a Guardin for himself at Charlottes Field the blaze caught one of the hedges/which divides the fields beloning to the Public and Private individuals ground/and distroyd a good dele of Corn — Majr. Ross begd. of me to goe out and See what damage the fire had done on which little John and I walkd out we found not So much of the Corn distroyd as Mr. Dodge had Represented to be burnt — there is about two Acres of Indian Corn burnt & by the people Exerting themselves the[y] got the fire under and prevented it doing any damage to the wheat

Tuesday 9th.

Cloudy weather and blows very hard from the N:W: the Surf going down again — Sent the Boat out — She Returnd about half after ten with 38 Salmon fish

Wednesday 10th.

Dirty Rainy weather and has blown hard from the S:E: all this day — not much Surf on the Reef

Thursday 11th.

Blows fresh from the S:E: and a great Surf on the Reef

Friday 12th.

Clear weather blows fresh from the S:E: — not So much Surf as Yesterday — little John and I walked out to Charlotte Field to see how the[y] have worked Since I was ther last and if the[y] have planted all the Indian Corn which the[y] Received for that purpose

Saterday 13th.

Moderate weather — not much Surf — the wind got round to the Westward — hope it will bring the Gorgon for I long to know what is to be come of me if I am to goe home or if any thing will be offerd me to induce me to Remain in this Country a few Years longer

Sunday 14th.

Clear weather with a Strong Breeze from the Southward and a good dele of Surf on the Reef — after Parade Majr. Ross, Little John & I walked out to Smiths Farm from which throu the woods we intended to have gone to Balls Bay but our Guide lost his way — we Returnd back by Phillimors Farm home to dinner after a fatiguin walkd




  ― 169 ―

Munday 15th.

Fine Moderate weather — the Surf going down — the people Empd. as last week in Clearing Ground &c. — Wm. Colling and Jas. McKay two Convicts were Punished with 50 Lashes each to day for advising the people to apply to have more time given them — I have been all this day Empd. in Measuring the Ground Cleard beloning to the Public round Arthurs Vale

Tuesday 16th.

Fine moderate weather — Several Gangs of the men convicts and the greatest part of the women convicts Empd. in taking up the Potatoes beloning to the Public

Wednesday 17th.

Moderate weather and little Surf — the Same number of male convicts Empd. as Yesterday in taking up the potatoes as Yesterday — walkd out to Charlotte Field before dinner

Thursday 18th.

Fine delightfull weather and no Surf — walked out to Charlotte field at day breake (and Returned back to Breakfast) and orderd Mr. Dodge to take up no more potatoes at Charlotte Field than what would Serve the people there — the people Empd. in taking up potatoes in the Vale as Yesterday — Detected two of the Convicts in the Vale in Stealing Potatoes — I orderd them to be confined and I hope they both will have a good flogging to Morrow

Friday 19th.

Fine weather — the Boat went out this morning to Phillip Island for Tropic Birds after which to goe a fishing — She Returnd about 12 oClock and brought in 34 fish and the[y] were only able to get 4 Tropic Birds — the two Convicts John Howard and John Spencer who I confind for Stealing Potatoes Yesterday were Punished with 50 Lashes each to day — twelf of the women Convicts were absent from carring the Potatoes to the Potatoe House this morning — Orderd them to workd all day tomorrow as a Punishment

Saterday 20th.

Fine Mild weather — little Surf — Sent the Boat a fishing and to Phillip Island for Birds — She Returnd about one oClock with 18 fish and Seven Tropic Birds

Sunday 21st.

Fine moderate and Pleasent Weather — Sent the Boat for Birds and Fishing — She Returnd about 12 oClock with only 4 fish and 10 Tropic Birds — no Surf

Munday 22d.

Moderate weather no Surf — Sent the Boat out a fishing — She came


  ― 170 ―
back with fish for dinner 34 — the people Employd in taking up the Potatoes and the Women in Carring them a way to the Potatoe House — Six women Sent to Phillimors Farm to Pick the Catter Pillars of from the Indian Corn — walked out to Charlotte Field before dinner to See how the[y] come on there in clearing Ground

Tuesday 23rd.

Fine Calm weather no Surf — Sent the Boat out a fishing this morning She Returnd about one oClock with 50 Snappers — the day has been Remarkably hott

Wednesday 24th.

Much the Same weather as we had Yesterday the first part of the day — in the afternoon Slight Showers — Sent the Boat out a fishing — She Returnd about 3 oClock with 3 Tropic Birds and 38 Fish — Elizabeth Colley one of the Convict women was brought to Bed of a Boy

Thursday 25

Very Fine Weather but it has been very warm all day — the Boat went out a fishing and brought in 49 Snappers — went out early to Charlotte Field to Measure the Ground there beloning to the Public — after Breakfast Majr. Ross and little John came out to me — after having Measurd all the Ground Majr. Ross, Mr. Dodge and my Self went to See the place where Serjt. Clayfield intended Settling as he means to Settle in the Country — after looking at the place which I dont admire we Returnd back to dinner to Charlotte Field — we dinned Under the Shade of a Tree coverd over with Vines — after walking Round all the Field Returnd Home — no Surf on the Reef

Friday 26th.

Cloudy weather and inclinable to Rain — little wind and no Surf — Sent the Boat out a fishing in the Morning — She Returnd back before dinner with 69 Snappers — She went out again after dinner to Phillip Island to See and get Some Tropic Birds — Mr. Faddy went in her — She Returnd at Sun Sett without any Birds — the[y] had all nearly been drownd for after landing the Coxwain Mr. Faddy Said he would not land but would Stay in the Boat — while the Coxwain was getting up the Clifts at the Birds the[y] put the Boat off a little way when the[y] got over a Sunking Rock a Ground Swell rose and brock right in the middle of the Boat which fild her and they all being frightend the[y] all got on one Side of the Boat which over Set her and the Next Sea that Brock turnd the Boat Bottom uppermost — the[y] Say that the Boat was over Set three times and the Sea by good fortune drove her on Shore wher the Sea throw all the people also Save — after Recovering from the terrible Situation that the[y] were in the[y] got


  ― 171 ―
the Boat in the water again although almost Stove to pices She brought them all Save back again —— Faddy is very fortunated that he was not drown as he cannot Swim as every body that was in the Boat at the Time may think themselves So —— Mr. Faddy lost his Gun, Great Coat and his Cap —— the Boats crue lost all there fishing lines and most all there cloaths also a disagreable Accident happend at Charlotte Field to day in felling the Timber which I orderd to be cut down the last time I was out ther for the purpose to let more Air into the Corn a Tree fel on Henry Palmer a male Convict which nearly kild him on the Spot —— the Surgeon orderd him to be brought in as the Tree fell on his head —— the[y] have Traponded him and find that his brain is injured and that he could not live —— he died in about an hour after the Operation —— it came on to Rain about Six this Evening and from the appearance it looks if it would Rain all night —— I wish it may for it is very much wanted

Saterday 27th.

Fine weather no Surf —— it Raind the greatest Part of all last night —— Sent the Boat out in the Morning —— She Returned at noon with 2 Snappers —— it has been Remarkably hott all this day and at Sun Set it had the appearence if it was going to Blow and Rain

Sunday 28th.

a Fine clear day although it Raind and blowd the greatest part of last night —— too much Surf to Send the Boat out and also to much wind in the offining —— wind S:W: which is a good wind for the Gorgon if She is coming heer —— after Breakfast walked out with Majr. Ross and little John to Charlotte Field to mark out the Ground the Hutts are to be build for the Convicts Returnd back to dinner —— all the people orderd in from Cascade Farm to goe to Charlotte Field except Seven men and all the Women who are to assist Mr. Hume in the Flax Bussiness —— I dont for my part think the people here will be ever able to make any thing of the Flax so as to make Government any Returns for the Expense that the[y] have already been at

Munday 29th.

Clear weather with a fresh Breeze from the Southward —— too much Sea and Surf to Send the Boat out —— after dinner Majr. Ross and little John and Self walkd out to Charlotte Field to See how the[y] come on there —— we Returned a little Before Sun Set

Tuesday 30th.

Fine Clear weather but too much Surf to Send the Boat out —— walked twice out to Charlotte Field once before and once after dinner to direct the people in Building the Houses and in making a Road to there


  ― 172 ―
Houses —— as Majr. Ross has given me the direction of the little Town which is now begun out there and the ordering of every thing which I may think necessary for that purpose I shall Spend the most of my time out there —— most of my Mess mates seem nettled at the ordering and direction of Charlotte Field been given to me if it had been given to any of them I Should not have been Jealous of them for it but if I could have assisted any of them I would have with pleasure

DEC 1790

December Wednesday 1st.

Fine Weather —— walked out to Charlotte Field twice the Same as Yesterday —— a child beloning to Elizabeth Pipkin died to day —— it is a good thing that it is dead poor thing for the mother took no cear of it

Thursday 2d.

Fine Moderate weather but a good dele of Surf —— walked twice out to Charlotte Field

Friday 3th.

Fine weather —— almost a calm but a great Surf on the Reef —— walkd out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast to give Some directions about a Road and how fare I wish to have the Ground cleared where I intend the Houses to be Build —— after marking out the Road and the Ground for the principle Street Returnd home to dinner —— it has been Remarkably hot to day

Saterday 4th.

Fine Calm weather not So much Surf as Yesterday —— after Breakfast Majr. Ross, John and Self walked out to Charlotte Field to see what progress I have made this last week and he is very much pleased with what I have done and told me that it is a much better place to Build a Town than the place where he intended to have Built —— I am very Glad it has met with his approbation as the frams of two of the Houses are all Ready to put to gether —— I hope I shall be able to get them and two others Ready for thatching next week —— it has been very hot again to day

Sunday 5th.

Fine Moderate weather and no Surf —— the Boat went out this morning and Returnd about 11 oClock with 64 Snappers —— walked out to Charlotte Field to give directions to Mr. Dodge what I wish the people to goe about in the Morning —— a fire Broke out about 3 oClock this afternoon in Town here in one of the Convicts Huts which Consumed it and four more Huts




  ― 173 ―

Munday 6th.

Fine weather no Surf —— the Boat went out this morning a fishing and to Land my Servant and one of the Boats Crew on Nepean Island to get Gannets for the Sake of the Feathers to make me a Bed —— She Return about 11 oClock with only 11 white Fish and 50 Gannets —— walked twice out to Charlotte Field once before and once after dinner to see if the people work as I wish them —— I am much pleased with there work to day —— put a Leg Iron on Dayes a Convict Carpenter as a punishment for coming into Town from Charlotte Field without Leave —— [*] Stringer a famele convict was punished to day with 50 Lashes for leaving Smiths Farm without leave and comming in to Town to one of the Seamen —— it Blows Fresh this Evening from the Northward

Tuesday 7th.

Clear weather But blows fresh in the offening —— the Boat went out and for Gannets for the Sake of the Feathers —— She Returnd about 11 oClock with only 5 fish and 18 Gannets —— went out to Charlotte Field twice once before and once after dinner —— got one of the Fraims of one of the huts up this afternoon —— not So much wind as in the Morning —— begun cutting the wheat of Ship wreck Hill to day

Wednesday 8th.

Cloudy weather has had the appearence if it would Rain all the day —— wish it would for the Indian corn wants it very much —— has blown hard all this day from the N:E: —— thier being little Surf Sent the Boat out a fishing —— She Caught 32 Snappers —— the people Empd in Cutting the Wheat on Ship wreck Hill as also Stacking it

Thursday 9th.

Cloudy weather blows fresh from the N:E: little Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing —— She Returnd at 12 oClock with 64 Snappers —— Served them to all the officers and to 50 of the Convicts —— went out twice to Charlotte Field —— Reaped the Field of Wheat out there —— found that two of the Carpenters had Neglected there work at Charlotte Field in my absence which I mentioned to Majr. Ross on my Return this afternoon who has orderd them who has orderd them to be punished with 50 Lashes Each —— have got the third House under way —— [*] Gloster Convict was punishd with 50 Lashes for being impertinent to Mr. Roper

Friday 10th.

Clear weather but blows hard in the offening from the N:E: no Surf —— walked out to Charlotte Field twice —— Jno. Nowland and [*] Wisehamer the two Carpenters were punished out there for Neglecting there work —— the former Received the whole of his punishment 50 Lashes


  ― 174 ―
but wisehamer could only bear 8 Lashes —— the Surgeon Said that he could not bear more he fainted a way twice

Saterday 11th.

Cloudy weather not So much wind as Yesterday little Surf —— went out to Charlotte Field before Breakfast which I carried with me —— Returned to dinner —— nouland and wirehamer the two Convict Carp. which were punishd Yesterday for Neglect of duty have not been at work Since —— Reported them to Majr. Ross at my Return who orderd the Store Keeper to Issue only half allowance to them —— I was also much displeased with Mr. Dodge at Charlotte Field for not having all the people at work as the[y] ought —— he is one of the Kings hard bargains —— I hope that the Boat will be able to goe out to morrow for I like fish much better than Salt Beef of which Since I have been here I have I am Sure had my Share of it for Some time

Sunday 12th.

Fine Moderate weather little Surf —— after Breakfast Majr. Ross and little John and Self walked out to Charlotte Field to See what progress I have made Since he was last there —— he is very much pleased and likes the plan of the Houses very much —— Returnd to dinner

Munday 13th.

Fine Moderate weather little Surf —— the Boat went out and Caught only 17 Snappers —— have been at Charlotte Field from a little after daylight untill Sun Set —— got the Fraim of the fifth house up which I have made larger than the other four —— it is twenty feet long and twelf feet Broad —— the other four being only fourteen feet by ten —— a gang of twelf men Set to work to Endevour to make Bricks

Tuesday 14th.

Fine weather little Surf —— the Boat went out this morning and Returnd with 90 odd fish mostly Snappers —— went out early to Charlotte Field where I have Staid the whole day —— I carried my breakfast out with me and had my dinner brought out to me which I shall have done every day that I am out there

Wednesday 15th.

Cloudy weather little Surf —— the Boat went out and Caught 102 Snappers —— the Cutter of the Sirius went out a Sounding —— went out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd at Sun Set —— got a Saw pit made out at Charlotte Field and Shall Send out a pair of Sawyers ther to morrow

Thursday 16th.

Moderate weather little Surf —— Sent the Boat out this morning —— She Returnd about 10 oClock on Account of there being to much Swell and


  ― 175 ―
they were affraid that the Surf was going to get up —— She brought in 51 Snappers —— could not goe out to Charlotte Field to day being bussey Empd in the Morning in delivering out Necessaries to the two Compy. and in the afternoon could not goe as Majr. Ross did not wish me to goe to day

Friday 17th.

Cloudy weather with a Strong Gale from the S:W: —— hope it will bring the Gorgon —— the Surf getting up fast —— went out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returned at Sun Set —— orderd Mr. Dodge to give two pounds of potatoes a pice to Sixteen of the men who have worked very hard all day and I believe the[y] have nothing to eat —— Saml. Banner a male convict left his work at Charlotte Field to day

Saterday 18th.

Cloudy weather and Showery blows hard from the S.W. a good dele of Surf —— went out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd to dinner —— Saml. Banner I found Still absent but on my Return to Town Majr. Ross informd me that Mr. Irvin on his Return from Seing the Sick at Charlotte Field had met with him on the Road and brought him in —— I askd Majr. Ross to permit B. Dayes to come in to Town to have his Indian corn up —— he Said that I might doe with him as I pleasd —— I might Release him out of Irons if I pleased which I have done because he has worked well ever Since he was put in to Irons —— I complaind to Majr. Ross that Jas. Elliot one of the convict Carpenters out at Charlotte Field had Shirkd his work three different times although he had been told of it every time and when Dayes Spoke to him about it he began to abuse him and would not be Quite when I orderd him —— I brought him into Town with me and told Majr. Ross who orderd him to Recieve 100 Lashes and Banner the Same number for leaving his work Yesterday and this morning —— Elliot could only bear 73 and Banner 79 Lashes when I orderd them both out to Charlotte Field

Sunday 19th.

Fine weather but blows fresh from the South West and a great dele of Surf

Munday 20th.

Moderate weather not much Surf —— walked out to Charlotte Field Soon after day break and Returned at Sun Set —— got the Eight Fraim of the Eight house up —— [*] Tuso a male Convict at Charlotte Field left his work to day and Run into the woods because I told him I would flog him for Refusing to doe what Mr. Dodge order him —— I hope he will never Return again for he is a great Rascall




  ― 176 ―

Tuesday 21st.

Fine Calm weather — walked out to Charlotte Field and Returnd to dinner — no Surf — Send the Boat over to Phillip Island for Tropic Birds and to goe a fishing — She Returnd about 1 oClock with 18 Tropic Birds and 76 Snappers — Served them to the officers and the Marines

Wednesday 22d.

Fine calm weather no Surf — Sent the Boat over to Nepean Island for Gannets and a fishing — She Returned about 1 oClock with 26 Gannets and 37 Snappers — walked out to Charlotte Field after dinner — Jno. Pugh a marine Confined and put in Irons for Stealing Potatoes out of the Public Store when he was Sentinell there last night — I hope when he is Tryed which will be at Port Jackson that he will be hangd — that is all the harm that I wish him

Thursday 23rd.

Fine weather no Surf — the Boat went over to Nepean and Phillip Island for Birds and to goe a fishing — She Returned about 1 oClock with 10 Gannets 25 Tropic Bird and 37 Snappers — went out to Charlottes Field after Breakfast and Returnd at Sun Set

Friday 24th.

Squally — wind west — it Raind very hard in the night — not much Surf on the Reef — Sent the Boat out for Gannets and a fishing — She Returnd about ½ after Eight with only 4 Snappers — there was too much Surf Round Nepean Island for the Boat to Land with Safety for to get Birds and it Blowd too hard for them to fish — after Breakfast Majr. Ross, John and Self walked out to Charlotte Field to See what progress I have made Since his last being there — he told me that he is very much pleasd with what I have done in the manner I have planed and Built the Houses

Saterday 25th.

Fine weather but blows fresh from the Southward and a great Sea Rolling into the Bay which will make a great Surf on the Reef on which there is a great dele at present — this being Christmas day I wish a merry merry Christmas to all the world — the most poorest person in England will be better off this day than any of use here for the[y] will be able to get Small bier with their dinner to drink if nothing better and there is not any of use will have anything better but cool water this will be a dry Christmas — doe good Gorgon come and take use away from this place

Sunday 26th.

Fine weather little wind but a great Surf on the Reef — I wish to god the Gorgon would arrive every day is an age I am affraid Some Accident


  ― 177 ―
has happend to her — [*] Touso who left his work on the 20 Inst at Charlotte for my telling him that I would flog him for being impertinent to Mr. Dodge gave himself up last night to Mr. Hume at Cascade from whence he was brought last night and put in Irons

Munday 27th.

Fine weather — Blows fresh in the offening wind a Southing by west — a good dele of Surf on the Reef — walked out to Charlotte Field at day break Staid untill Sun Set — Majr. Ross Sent out [*] Touso to be Punished which he was and Received 100 Lashes and to work in Irons on the Road untill further orders

Tuesday 28

Cloudy weather and blows hard from the East — a good dele of Surf on the Reef — walked out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd at Sun Set — got the fram of of the tenth House up

Wednesday 29th.

Fine weather — walked out to Charlotte Field at day break Returnd back to dinner — Set the Carpenters in Building a Bridge across the Run of water — Returned back to dinner — Empd. this afternoon in getting the Quarterly Accounts Ready for Signing — wind East and a little Surf

Thursday 30th.

Fine weather and no Surf — Sent the Boat out — walkd out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returned Untill Sun Set — directing the Carpenters how I wish the Bridge to be Build — the Boat Returnd about 12 oClock with 77 Snappers which were Servd out to the Marines and to the Seamen

Friday 31st.

Fine Weather no Surf — Sent the Boat over to Nepean Island to Endeavour to get Some Gannets for the Feathers — the Surf was to great at the Island the Boat could not land with Safety on which the[y] went a way to the West side of the Island a fishing — the[y] Caught 70 odd Snappers which were Servd out to the Seamen Marines &c. — walked out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd at Sun Set — if I had not Volluntiered this I Should have been dead I believe with lowness of Spirits — this is the last day of the Year 1790 I trust in God the Year 1791 will be a more fortunate one than 89 or 90 have been — in the Year 89 I lost all my things in the Guardian and in this Year I lost all my things in the Sirius — I Should forget it all if the Gorgon would come and take me home to my beloved family for I realy wish to be with them I have been too long a way from them

JAN 1971




  ― 178 ―

Jany. 1791 Saterday 1st.

Many happy Returns of the day to all my friends here — we have now enterd into the Year 91 and no Gorgon — good God what is become of her I hope She has not Run against ane Island of Ise like the Guardian I wish to God that She was come or Some other good Ship to Carry use a way — it has been fine moderate weather all this day but the little wind that there is is from the Eastward which is against any think coming to this place — Majr. Ross orderd Mary Nash a famele convict out at Charlotte Field both Legs in Irons on my Representing to him that all the people Say that She is the person they Believe that Steal all ther things and goes into town to Sell them to the Seamen — She is big with child otherwise Should have floggd her Yesterday for She is a D…… B……

Sunday 2d.

Fine Moderate weather — the Boat went out a fishing ther being no Surf — She Returnd a bout 12 oClock with 75 Snappers which I Served out to the officers and to Some of the Convicts particular to them that behave well and that work well — Majr. Ross, John and my Self walkd out to Charlotte Field and is much pleased with what I have done — Creswell informd me this morning that Mr. Bryon and Shortland had Some words a few days back Respecting a Convict H….. when Mr. Shortland told Mr. Bryon that he was a damed Rascall and a Scoundrall which Mr. Bryon has not taking any notice of he being a distant Relation of Mrs. Ross I told Majr. Ross of it that he would not ask Mr. Bryon to dine any more with use nor bring him amongst us for Suffering himself to be treated in the manner he was and not take any notice of it by calling Mr. Shortland to ane Account — Majr. Ross Said he certainly would not and Should Send to him to desire him not to come near him as the above was Reported of his permitting Mr. Shortland to treat him which Majr. Ross did in the afternoonnote

Tuesday 25th.

Fine Moderate weather no Surf — the Boat went out and brought in 105 fine Snappers — walkd out to Charlotte Field at day break and gave orders for a Jail to be built which is a thing that is much wanted to Confine them the misbehavour in it — I also gave orders for a pair of Stocks to be made at the Jail door and a neck coller for the Ladies for I never came a Cross Such a Sett of D…… B…… in my life — they make me Curs and Swer my Soul out — I shall order them to be locked up in the Jail every night that misbehavour when the Jail is finishd — Oatway Ingle Received 21 Lashes being part of the Remainder of his punishment which he could not bear more on the 17th.


  ― 179 ―
Instant — Returnd from Charlotte Field at Sun Sett — it has been Remarkable hot to day

Wednesday 26th.

Fine weather no Surf — Sent the Boat out and She brought in [*] Snappers — Walked out to Charlotte Field at drum beating in the morning and Returnd to dinner — very warm to day — when will the Gorgon come I long much to what is to become of use and to know if I am to get any thing in this new Corps to induce me to Quite the Marines and to Remain in this Country — John Clayton one of the Marines out at Charlotte went out to day to get Some wood Cabbages in coming down the tree he fell with his back Side on a Stump which Run up his back Side a great way and has tore him very much — he must have walkd in great pain as he was above a Mile from Charlotte Field when he fell from the Tree

Thursday 27th.

Fine weather little wind from the Eastward no Surf — Sent the Boat out — She Caught 52 Snappers — went out to Charlotte Field at Revelly Beating and Returned a little after Sun Set — got the Fraim of the Jail up Yesterday afternoon — this day three Years we came into P. Jackson harbour with the fleet from B. Bay

Friday 28th.

Fine Moderate weather very little wind and no Surf — Sent the Boat out to Phillip Island for Tropic Birds and to goe a fishing — She brought in 21 Tropic Birds and 50 odd Snappers — has been very warm all this day — Since noon there has a little Breeze Sprung up from the Westward hope to God it will bring Some thing to take use a way or to tell use that we are not to be Relieved this Year which will be better than been in this Suspence — I hope if So the Supply will be the Ship that brings use the Account that we are not to be Relieved this Year for from her we will be able to get Some Tea and Sugar if we dont get any thing else for I have not nor has Majr. Ross drunk a dish of tea or drunk a Glass of wine these Six months — our Breakfast is dry bread and Coffy made from burnt wheat and we are glad even to be able to get that — God help use I hope we will Soon See better days Soon for the[y] cannot well be Worse

Saterday 29th.

Blows Fresh from the S:W and the first part of the day Squaly — a Fine wind for anything that is coming to this Island from Port Jackson — a Great Surf got up Since this Morning — Yesterday afternoon Jno. Robins a Convict went to the N:E: part of the Island with Some of the Seamen beloning to the Sirius a fishing when endeavouring to get


  ― 180 ―
from one rock to another he fell into the Sea and went down like a Stone and was unfortunately drown — the people could give him no Assistance for the[y] never Saw him after he Slipt into the Water — he was a very good Quite man he is one of Plymouth old Town — George Guest a Convict was Punished with 50 Lashes for telling a liy to Majr. Ross

Sunday 30th.

Blows hard from the S:W: and a very great Surf on the Reef — the first part of the day fine cool and the latter part Squaly — I hope this wind will bring the Gorgon here

Munday 31st.

Fine weather — not So much Surf as Yesterday but Still a very great Surf — the wind got Round to its old Quarter again to the Eastward which is against any thing coming from Port Jackson to this Island as we have from no other place anything to expect — Jas. Robinson (Convict) the Coxwin of the Coble was punished with 50 Lashes for disobediance of orders by killing Pidgeons which are not permitted to be kild but by the people who the Surgeon thinks are in want of them to make them a little Soup as the[y] are the only fresh thing that will make a little weak Soup for the Sick and if every body was at liberty to kill them when the[y] thought proper ther would Soon not be a pidgeon left on the Island her — this is a nother month gone over our head neather Gorgon nor anything else from port Jackson — Surly Some Accident must have happened to her and I begin to give the Supply over also for She has had time to be back from Batavia long befor this — I hope that She is not lost I Should be very Sorry for it if She is

FEB 1791

February Tuesday 1st.

Fine weather — the wind Still East and blows in the offening — the Surf gone down greatly — have been at Charlotte Field Since day break and am Just Returned — Orderd a Fraim of Mr. Wentworths house to be begun

Wednessday 2d.

Fine weather — not much Surf on the Reef but blows hard in the offening — the Seamen Empd. in Getting on Shore the Guns &c. from the wreck of the Sirius — the[y] Could not get any on Shore to day will I believe make another attempt tomorrow — have been at Charlotte Field from drum beating in the Morning Untill Sun Set

Thursday 3th.

Many happy Returns of the day to my B…… A….. — a Fine cool day very Cloudy hope it will Rain as the Ground wants it very much — the Coble went out a fishing and brought in only 18 Snappers — no Surf


  ― 181 ―
—— have been at Charlotte Field from day break until Sun Set —— a Proclamation came out Respecting the killing of Sows Pigs &c. for which See the Council Book

Friday 4th.

Fine weather but has been Remarkably hott —— not much Surf —— Sent the Boat out and the[y] Caught 43 Snappers —— Mary Long a Convict Woman Punished with [*] Lashes for a busing and Stricking a nother Convict Woman big with Child —— Long is a most abandoned woman as is on the Island

Saterday 5

Fine Showry weather no Surf —— the Boat went out a fishing in the morning and brought in 31 Snappers —— Majr. Ross Sent Mr. Morley over to Phillip Island this afternoon to See if there is any water on the Island ther and to Keep the Boat and the Boats Crew all night —— walked out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast and Returned to dinner

Sunday 6th.

Fine weather little wind and in the morning little Surf —— about Seven oClock the whole place was in an uproar with the Cry of a Ship in Sight —— about Eight oClock could See her very plain which we all thought that it was the Gorgon but when She came a little nearer Saw that it was the Supply Brig —— Mr. Bradly went on board of her to bring the letters &c. on Shore but Soon after the Boat got out the Surf got up So much as to oblige use to hauld the Signal down to tell the Boat that She must Remain on board of the Brigg for the Surf was So great that She could not come in again —— hope the Boat that went to the Island and people are Save —— I have been Quite on the Rack all day to know if the Gorgon is at Port Jackson or if we are to Remain any longer heer —— I hope we will be able to get a Boat from her to morrow although there is a terrible Surf now on the Reef and a great Sea in the Bay —— I suppose She will carry away the Seamen of the Sirius and hope She has brought use also Some tea and Sugar as I have not tasted a dish of tea these Six months —— I hope also that Capt. Campble has purchased me Some Linnen to make Shirts and Some nankeen for breeches both of which I am very much in want of

Munday 7

Fine weather and the Supply in Sight not So much Surf as Yesterday —— the Boat from the Island Returned Soon after the Boat from the Supply brought the dispachess for Majr. Ross Acquainting use that the Gorgon was not Yet arrived at Port Jackson and that She came to take Captain Hunter and all the Seamen Except Such as wished to Remain as Settlers on the Island —— I am very glad that the Seamen are going


  ― 182 ―
away but I would much Reather that we had being going also —— Received a letter from Mr. Waterhouse enclosing my letters which I gave him last march on the Supply Returning to Port Jackson after the loss of the Sirius to get Sent to England by the first Ship that went from Port Jackson —— if he was not going himself he acquainted me that he gave my two letters to Mr. Favell on the Supplys going to Batavia and that Mr. Favell being Sick he must have forget them for after his death they were found amongst his things —— I am very Sorry that the[y] did not goe home as the[y] would have being in England long before this —— Empd in getting on Shore from the Supply the Stoars &c for the Island from her and Sending the Baggage beloning to Capt. Hunter officers and Seamen that are going to Port Jackson on board

Tuesday 8th.

Fine weather no Surf —— the Boat Empd. in brining from and carring on board thing from the Supply —— She has brought nothing for me

Wednesday 9th.

Very fine weather no Surf —— the Boat Empd. as Yesterday —— walked out to Charlotte Field with Mr. Callam —— after dinner wrot a long letter to Captain Campbell desiring he would Send me Something for which See the letter Book

Thursday 10th.

Remarkably fine weather no Surf —— the Boats Empd. as befor —— She will be able to Sail to morrow as every thing is out of her and all the things that are going in her back are on board Except the Seamen who will Embarck to Morrow She now only waits for Majr. Ross's letters

Friday 11th.

Fine moderate weather no Surf and very little wind —— Captain Hunter and all the Seamen Embarck —— wrote a nother letter to Capt. Campbell in addition to the one I sent yesterday See the letter Book —— Carried Majr. Ross's despatchess for the Governor on board of the Supply who Soon after made the Best of her way back to Port Jackson —— John Johnstone has also gone in the Supply by Majr. Ross's permission for the Recovery of his health which I think he never will Regain again —— I wish them all a good passaged and hope to See the Supply Soon back again with the news of the arrival of the Gorgon for to take use home

Saterday 12th.

Fine weather no Surf nor the Supply in Sight —— Sent the Boat out a fishing and land on Phillip Island to get tropic Birds —— She Returned about 12 oClock with 53 Snappers and after the people had there dinner the Boat went back to the Island to fetch my Servant and the


  ― 183 ―
Coxwain who was left ther to Catch the Birds —— the Boat Returned about 4 oClock with 69 Tropic Birds

Sunday 13th.

Fine weather little wind and little Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing —— She Returnd about 10 oClock with 12 fish —— wind west which is against the Supply

Munday 14th.

Squaly most of this day and the Surf getting up —— after Breakfast walked out to Charlotte Field and found that there has been near two thousand Cobbs of Corn Stole out of the fields Since I was last throu them —— puld about 800 Cobbs which are ripe and Sent them in heer —— Returned to Tea

Tuesday 15th.

Fine weather a great Surf —— it has been Remarkably hott to day —— after Breakfast went out to Charlotte Field and got about five Thousand Ripe Cobbs of Indian Corn puld and Sent into Town —— Returned back to Tea —— Elizh. Breeze a notarious thief was Punished to day with 75 Lashes for killing and Stealing a hen beloning to Edwd. Goff —— [*] Vinry male Convict Punished with 100 Lashes for Stealing [*] Cobbs of Indian Corn —— Jno. Hudson a Convict Boy Punished with 50 Lashes for been out of his hutt after nine oClock

Wednesday 16th.

Fine weather a great Surf on the Reef —— walked out to Charlotte Field at day light and Returnd to dinner —— Sent in from Charlotte Field one thousand and fifty Cobbs of Indian Corn which is all that is Ripe there as Yet

Thursday 17th.

Fine weather Still a great Surf on the Reef —— walkd out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd at Sun Set —— John Copper alias Thomas a Convict has Run away into the woods this afternoon on Account of the Rest of the Convicts Accusing him with being the person that has Stole the Indian Corn out of the Fields at Charlotte Field —— I hope that he never will come back again for he is a great Rascall —— ane order came out Respecting ane patrol being orderd to watch at night for which See the Orderly Book —— it has been Remarkably hott to day —— little wind but that is fair for the Supply getting to Port Jackson hope She Soon will Return

Friday 18th.

Fine Weather but a great Surf on the Reef —— Jno. Copper put in Irons at Charlotte Field untill he can be Sent to Nepean Island wher Majr.


  ― 184 ―
Ross intend to Send him and a few more of the Suspicious persons as Soon as he can Send Water over ther

Saterday 19th.

Fine weather —— Still to much Surf on the Reef for the Boat to goe out —— it has been Remarkably hot all day

Sunday 20th.

Squaly weather and has blown hard from the Southward all this day —— it Raind in the first part of the day most all the time, in the afternoon it turned out a very fine —— Majr. Ross, little John and Self walked out to Charlotte Field and Return to Tea —— Majr. Ross is very much pleased with what I have been doing Since he was out last there

Munday 21st.

Fine weather but Remarkably hot —— the Surf gone down very much —— walked out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returnd at Sun Set —— Heny. Lovell Convict was Punished with [*] Lashes for telling a palpable lye

Tuesday 22d.

very fine weather to much Surf Still to Send the Boat out —— walked out to Charlotte Field about five oClock and Returnd at Sun Sett —— got the Fraim of Mr. Wentworths House up —— hope that it will be Soon finished for him to get into it as it is very disagreable for him to be obliged to walk out ther every day to See the Sick —— got all the working women out from her to Charlotte to assist the women there to carry flax for thatching the Houses

Wednesday 23d.

Fine weather not much Surf —— hope the Boat will be able to goe out to morrow if the weather is fine —— have been at Charlotte Field Since day break untill Sun Set —— all the working women out ther the Same as Yesterday

Thursday 24th.

very fine weather no Surf —— Sent the Boat out —— She Returnd to dinner with 95 Snappers which were divided amonst the officers Marines and Convicts as fare as the[y] would goe —— Majr. Ross Sent out 44 of them to me at Charlotte Field to divide them amongst the people out there as I thought proper —— have been at Charlotte Field all day

Friday 25

Remarkably fine weather no Surf —— Sent the Boat out to Phillip Island to Land the Coxwin, my Servant and five Marines for the purpose to Collect Tropic Birds for the Sake of there feathers and the Boat to goe a


  ― 185 ―
fishing —— the Boat Returnd about 11 oClock with 85 Snappers and after the Boats Crue had got ther dinner Sent her over for the people on the Island —— She Returned about Six oClock with all the people 165 Tropic Birds and 28 Snappers which were given to the people that went for Birds and the Boats Crue —— the Commissary Served Cloaths out to the Women Beloning to Charlotte Field and Cascade which the poor devils the[y] very much wanted for some of them had not So much peticoat as would cover ther commical cuck —— the Slops that was issued out to them was as much of Lancaster Shirting as would make them a Shift —— as much [*] as will make each two peticoats as much [*] as will make a Jacket —— Six Skein of thread a Thimble a few needles and a pair of Scissors —— now the[y] have got two things of a Sort for the[y] have only one Shift and one Jacket —— Poor Soul the[y] want things bad a nuf god knows

Saterday 26th.

very fine weather no Surf —— Sent the Boat out as yesterday —— She Returnd to dinner with 53 Snappers which were Served out to the officer and to the detachment —— She went after the Boats Crue had ther dinner for the people on the Island and Returned with 32 Snappers and 90 Tropic Birds

Sunday 27th.

very fine Moderate weather no Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing —— She Returned about 11 oClock with 51 Snappers which after Serving all the officers Served the Remainder out amongst the Carpenters Sawyers &c —— the Commy. Served out Slops the Same as on friday to the women in here —— very hot to day

Munday 28

Fine Weather little wind and little Surf —— Sent the Boat out a fishing —— She Returned with 78 Snappers which were Served out to the officers of the Detachment Settlement & non Commd officers overseers &c. —— went out to Charlotte Field a little after drum beating where I Staid untill Sun Set —— Empd. mostly in Measuring the cleard ground belonging to the Convicts

MAR 1791

March Tuesday 1st.

very Moderate weather no Surf —— [it] has been Remarkably [hot] all this daynote —— Sent the Boat out for Birds and a fishing —— She Returnd about 12 oClock with only 9 Snappers and Eight Tropic Birds —— the[y] were obliged to come back the[y] were affraid that the Surf was going to get up —— have been at Charlotte Field the greatest part of this day

Wednesday 2d.

cloudy weather little wind not much Surf on the Reef —— Sent the


  ― 186 ―
Boat out a fishing —— She Returned about 12 oClock with [*] Snappers which were Served out to the officers &c. —— walked out to Charlotte Field at day break and Returned from there at Sun Set

Thursday 3d.

Cloudy weather and blows very hard from the S:E: a good dele of Surf on the Reef —— walked out to Charlotte Field at day break —— Majr. Ross walked out to See me after dinner with whom I Returnd home at Sun Set —— he is very much pleased with what I have been doing Since his been out there last —— Empd. all the people out there to day the Carpenters excepted (who are putting the Logs round Mr. Wentworths house) in making the Road wider the women Empd. in gathering the Corn —— Sent in from there Six thousand four hundred Cobbs of Indian Corn —— [*] Hill Convict was Punished with 100 Lashes for Carrying away the Kings Stores

Friday 4

Fine weather but Blows hard from the Eastward —— no Surf on the Reef

Saterday 5th.

Fine moderate weather and not much Surf —— a nother attemp made on the Store last night but from the Vigilance of the Sentinal the[y] were prevented from breaking in —— the[y] got of but left three Flour bags behind —— all the people were musterd and order to look at the Bags to See if they know them when two of the women owned them Said that they had lent them to Gualt Mr. Freemans Servant when Majr. Ross order him in irons when Soon after he confessed that the[y] had been lent to him which he at first denied and Said that Strong a nother Convict that works in Mr. Freemans Guardian had borowed them from him Yesterday morning and that he was the person who had attemped to break open the Store last night and last Saterday night when Strong was also order into Irons —— there attempting to break the Store will not hang them but I hope Majr. Ross will give them a hearty floggen —— ther was Some body else but the[y] will not inform who the[y] were —— wind to the West point this afternoon

Sunday 6th.

Squaly weather and blows hard from the westward not much Surf on the Reef —— a fine afternoon and warm out of the wind —— Cut four Bunches of greaps to day which are the first that were ever cut in this Island —— in a few Years the[y] will be able to make very good wine for greaps thrive very well her as the[y] doe also at Port Jackson

Munday 7th.

very fine moderate weather but to much Surf to Send the Boat out ——


  ― 187 ―
have been at Charlotte Field Since a little after day light — John Gualt and [*] Strong were Punished with one hundred lashes each for attempting to break open the Public Store — when there backs are well the[y] are each to Receive two hundred lashes more one hundred at Charlotte Field and the other at Cascady — the People Empd at Charlotte Field as before

Tuesday 8th.

Fine Moderate weather but a good dele of Surf — have been at Charlotte Field Since day break untill Sun Set

Wednesday 9th.

Cloudy and Sultry weather not much Surf — walkd out to Charlotte Field a little after day break and Returnd at Sun Set — This day four Years I embarkd on board of the Friendship for New South Wales

Thursday 10th.

Thick Squaly weather the most of the day little Surf on the Reef — Sent Boat out a fishing — She Returned with the Fish to dinner 50 Snappers — all the Men Convicts in Town Empd. in making a Road a cross the Swamp which has been much wanted from the manner that the[y] are going on it will be a good one — got all the Women Convicts out of Town to Charlotte Field to bring flax from the Sea Shore for to thatch the Houses out there — got 30 pair of womans Shoes out of the Store for the Most deserving of the woman out ther

Friday 11th.

Fine moderate weather the first part of the day the latter Cloudy and blows hard from the N.W. — Sent the Boat out — She Returned about 11 oClock with [*] Snappers which were Served out to the Marines and to the Convicts who are at work in making the Road a Cross the Swamp — not much Surf

Saterday 12th.

Squaly weather it Raind Very hard in the night — a fine day — I wish that the Rain had continued longer for it is much wanted — it blows very hard from the S:E: not much Surf — Served the Convicts Indian Corn three pound of Indian Corn for two pound of flour — Mary Sprigmore a Convict woman was deliverd of a Girl today

Sunday 13th.

Fair weather and not much Surf — I have been a twelf month on this Island to day — I hope I Shall not be a nother 12 month in misery

Munday 14th.

Squaly weather — walked out to Charlotte Field and Returnd back to dinner




  ― 188 ―

Tuesday 15th.

Squaly weather with Rain at times blows hard from the Northward little Surf — it has been very Close today — have been at Charlotte Field all day

Wednesday 16th.

First part of the day Squaly — Blows hard from the N.W. — little Surf — have been at Charlotte Field all day

Thursday 17th.

Fine weather Squaly the latter part of the day — walked out to Charlotte Field — L: Deyer Convict Carpenter was punished with 75 Lashes for Stricking James Rulby Marine — he ought have Received a 150 but he could not bear any more — he Richly deserved it for I told Deyer that he was not to goe into the house as I had placed Rulby Centinel at the dore to prevent any body going into the House and he would goe in and when Rulby was preventing him he Struck Rulby which I could not forgive that of a Damed Rascal of a Convict to Strick a Soldier — as Such I told Majr. Ross last night on my Return from Charlotte Field who Sent Creswell out to enquire into it and to See him Deyer punished if it was I had Represented to Majr. Ross which Creswell found it was — the Surgeon order Deyer into Town — walked into dinner with Creswell and after dinner went again out to Charlotte Field and Returned to Tea — this is St. Patricks day a poor Patricks day for the Irishmen that are here the[y] have nothing to drink

Friday 18th.

it has blown a hard gale of wind all this last night from the N:W: and it has blown very hard all this day from the WS:W: with Rain at times the Surf is getting up fast — Walked out to Charlotte Field after Breakfast and Returned to dinner

Saterday 19th.

Blows very hard in Squals all this day and a great Surf — this day twelf months the Sirius run on Shore — a most unfortunated day for me for I lost all my things by her

Sunday 20th.

much the Same weather as Yesterday but it has been very cold all this day

Munday 21st.

Fine weather but a great Surf — have been at Charlotte Field all day

Tuesday 22d.

Cloudy weather the Surf gone down for there were Several Showrs in the Night — have been at Charlotte Field all day




  ― 189 ―

Wednesday 23

Fine weather not to hot — it Raind the greatest part of all last night — walked out to Charlotte Field a little before day light — Jas. Morrell and Jas. Grace two of the Convicts went to Mount Pit to See if the Birds were come in — the[y] were taking Prisoners by the Patrole and when I came out Mr. Doidge Reported them to me when I order them to work and tooke the Birds from them /the[y] got 23/ and gave the Birds to the Patrole &c. and acquainted Majr. Ross with it that the Birds were Returned to the Mount again who Sent me out word to desire Mr. Doidge would lett Some men goe there every night to get Birds for them selves and that he would Stop Salt Provisions in lieu of the Birds

Thursday 24th.

Fine weather but blows hard from the Eastward — a Court Martial Sat to day for the Trial of Geo. Plyer for contempt and disobediance of orders to Capt. Johnstone of which Court I was a Member — he was centenced to Receive 150 Lashes — walked out to Charlotte Field after the Court Martial was over and Returned to Tea — Birds brought in last night by the Marines [*] by Convicts [*]

Friday 25

Squaly weather and blows very hard — the Centence of the Court Martial held Yesterday was carried into Execution and he Received the whole of his Centance — a good dele of Surf — Birds brought in last night M [*] C [*] the people Say that the[y] See no difference in the Birds that the[y] are as numorous as ever

Saterday 26th.

Cloudy weather and blows very hard from the Eastward and the Surf getting up very fast — Geo. Bannister punishd with 50 Lashes for theft and Sarah Lyons Punished with 25 Lashes for Stricking and ill using Chat. White the[y] both belong to Charlotte Field — the woman is a D…. B…… — Birds brought in last night and to night by M [*] by C [*]

Sunday 27th.

Cloudy weather and Still Blows very hard from the Eastward — a Great Surf

Munday 28th.

Cloudy weather with a fresh Breeze from the Eastward — a good dele of Surf on the Reef — Punished Chas. Illid one of the Convict Carpenters for Stealing Scantling from the Hospital with 50 Lashes — have been at Charlotte Field all day

Tuesday 29th.

Fine weather — little wind and that from the Eastward but a great Surf — been at Char. Field all day




  ― 190 ―

Wednesday 30th.

Fine moderate weather but a great Surf — this is my Birth day — walked out to Charlotte Field Returned to dinner as Majr. Ross wished it and that he would come and Meet me which he did

Thursday 31st.

Fine Moderate weather but a great Surf — Walked out to Charlotte Field at day light and Returned to Tea — Geo. Johnstone and Creswell came out to See how I goe on — Creswell I doe not like because he don't wish me well he would give a good dele that he had never Seen me or that I had not come on this Expedition for he thinks that I am a Damd thorn in his way as he thinks that I will get Some thing by my Volunteering this bussiness of building a Town out at Charlotte Field — I am Certain that he would doe me all injury in his power but I am awair of him from information that has been given me that he will if he can — therfor I will take care of him — I dont care how much he grins but by God he must not attemp to bite for if he dose this world will be to Small for both of use to live in and that I believe he knows or he would have Shown his Teeth more than what he has done

APR 1791

April Friday 1st.

Fine weather — Wind East and a great Surf on the Reef — the people that went to Mount Pit for Birds last night Say that the[y] are Remarkably plenty

Saterday 2d.

Fine Moderate weather little wind and that from the Eastward — not So much Surf as Yesterday but Still a very great one — [*] Harris Convict that went a way from Charlotte Field Yesterday week Mr. Doidge went to Mount Pit last night and took him there and has brought him in — Majr. Ross has orderd him to be Chaind to the Black Smiths forge and only to have half allowance — he is a Cursed Lazey fellow that will neather work for the Crown nor himself — I hope that I Shall not be plaged any more with him out at Charlotte Field

Sunday 3

Moderate weather and not much Surf — wind East

Munday 4th.

Fine weather and little Surf but blows fresh in the offening from the Eastward — have been at Charlotte Field all this day — Jno. Duvaltnote Received the Remainder of his punishment (for attempting to break into the Public Store on the Night of the 4 of last month) at Cascade this day 70 Lashes




  ― 191 ―

Tuesday 5th.

Fine weather and little Surf but blows fresh out from the N:E: — the four Convict women were Punished for Refusing to doe what ther overseer orderd them Viz Rachl. Early with 10 Lashes Ann Carty with 10 Lashes Hannah Hawkings with 25 Lashes [*] Meridith with 25 Lashes — the first is the Most abandond woman that I ever know or herd of — have been at Charlotte Field all this day

Wednesday 6th.

Cloudy weather and not much Surf — wind East — been at Charlotte Field all this day

Thursday 7th.

Fine weather and little Surf — wind east — got Mr. Wentworths House So Fare finished that he may goe into it tomorrow if Majr. Ross thinks proper

Friday 8th.

Fine weather — not much Surf but blows fresh out from the Eastward

Saterday 9th.

Fine weather not much Surf but blows hard in the offening from the Eastward — [*] Strong who was concerned with Duvalt in attempting to Break into the Public Store on the night of the 4 of last month was Punished at Charlotte Field with 100 Lashes which he was orderd to Receive out ther as ane Example to the People out ther being the Remainder of What he was orderd — this being the day according to the orders &c. of the [*] January last for Stopping two pounds of flour from every male Convict and the Store not admitting of more than three fourths of the full allowance of Flour and Salt provisions to be issued to the Cival and Military on this Island Majr. Ross order no more than three fourths of the full allowance to be Issued — the Marines Refused to take there provisions from the Store Keeper alledgin that the Convicts were better off than they were one there Six pounds of Flour for the[y] had Gardians which the[y] had not and that they were obliged to pay for greens to the Convicts two pounds of flour a week or goe without greens — the[y] then were asked whose falt it was that the[y] had not Guardians — the[y] made manny idle and Vague excuses but the[y] would not take there Ration — what they wanted and which I believe to be the truth was that they were trying who Shoud be Master Majr. Ross or them as the[y] wanted Majr. Ross to Recall the order which he Issued out but Much to the Credit of Majr. Ross as an officer is a thing he would not doe — he Sent Captain Johnstone to the Men again to tell them that he would not be sending to them any more to know why the[y] would not take


  ― 192 ―
there provisions but would take other measures with them and desird Capt. Johnstone to goe down and call the Role of the two Companies and inform them that he (Capt. Johnstone) would march them to the Store House and See which man would dare to Refuse to take his Rations — Capt. Johnstone Returnd to Majr. Ross and informd him that he had told the Men what he had desird him to Say and had orderd the men not to be out of there Barracks for that half after one he Should March them to the Store house and then See if they would Refuse to take there provisions and that more than two thirds of the Men would take there provisions — Majr. Ross informd Capt. Johnstone that when he Marchd the Men to the Store House that he Should take that opportunity to disarm them for Such men were not to be trusted with arms which Capt. Johnstone and myself agreed in — at half after one Capt Johnstone, Creswell, Faddy and myself went down to the Barrack Yard to March the Men to the Store when Capt Johnstone orderd the Men to get there Bags &c. to get there provisions in when Some of the Men Joseph Lewis and Some others came up and Spoke to Capt Johnstone and Said that the[y] would goe and take there provisions and would not give him ore anybody any further trouble and were Sorry they had given So much which I was very Glad to find for ane hour before this I did not think it would have been So well Settled without a great dele of Blood — this day has been near one of the most Critical days in my life never was Club Law near taking place in any part of the World than it was in this — I wish that we were fairly away from this Island for I am affraid if we Stay much longer we will not get away without a great dele of Bloodshed for our men here are the Most Mutinous Set I ever was amongst and are ripe for rising against any Authority — the principals amongst them are Thomas Tynon, Andw. Fisbourn, Francis Mee, John Baily, John Roberts, Elias Bishop and William Simms — the[y] were the principal Speakers particular the four first — I wish that I was only despotic for three hours I would hang the above Seven and then make the Rest draw lots for every fift man and I would hang them also weather the[y] had any hand with the other or not but because the[y] keep Such bad Company or they Should hang me

Sunday 10th.

Fine weather and little Surf but blows hard from the East — Majr. Ross sent for Jno. Ascott who had been his Servant a few days since but had parted with him on account of his Running after the women and askd him what the Men intended doing Yesterday if he had not taking there provisions — he Said that he did not no but that the men had


  ― 193 ―
looked very cool on him Since Yesterday because he was the first man that Said he would take his provisions So much So that he asked all the men in the Barrack to lend him a knife and none of them would that Francis Mee Said that Marching Regiment Should Stick together when I made Answer (Ascott) and there officers Should also —— Majr. Ross Sent for Joseph Ratford and askd him if he knew what the men intended to doe if the[y] had not taking there provisions —— he Said that he was not amongst the men exept when Capt. Johnstone orderd the Companies to fall in that thought then as he dose now that the men were wrong for he did not Expect to be so long on full allowance as he has been for he did not think the Store could have afforded to have given full allowance So long as it has done —— I askd Henry Parsons to day what they intended doing if the[y] had not taking there provisions as the[y] had —— Parsons made me (Ratford) for answer that we Should have gone to the Store and demanded our full allowance of the Store Keeper and if he would not have given use, it Should have taking what was offerd use but Should done nothing more which is what I learn from Parsons

Tuesday 12

Yesterday it was very fine weather as well as it has been to day —— walked out to Charlotte Field Yesterday after breakfast where I Staid all night for the purpose of Going to Mount Pit to See the Birds come in at Sun Sett —— about ½ after four I went with Serjt. Clayfield and two of the convicts with Torchess to Light use home —— we got to the mount about five oClock we had not been there above ten Minutes before the Air was full of them —— the greatest number came from the NE to SE: after flying about about a Quarter of ane hour the[y] came down like a Shour of hail which lasted about half ane hour when very few Remaind in the Air —— without going three Yards one way or the other I Kild 53 and if I wish to have Kild more I might have Kild four times that number —— the moment that the[y] light the[y] make for there holes where the[y] Sit for a little while chattering and another comes out of the hole which did not fly away as I Expected for I thought that there was a Whipnote —— I Staid untill about half after ten when I Returnd to Charlotte Field where Sleepd —— wind is Still from the Eastward not much Surf

Wednesday 13th.

Cloudy weather little Surf and not much wind and that from the Eastward —— it Raind a little the latter part of the day

Thursday 14th.

Cloudy weather almost a Calm not much Surf —— went out to Charlotte


  ― 194 ―
Field after breakfast and Returnd at Sun Set when I found that ther had been an alarm in her of two Ships being in Sight which prove only to be two Men fishing on the Rock of Point Hunter which the women that Saw them took them for two Ships —— wish to god that it had been two Ships to take use away

Friday 15th.

Cloudy weather and the wind fair thank god —— went out at day break to Measure the ground of the Convicts when after I had got my breakfast at Smiths Farm and was going to begin to Measure again I herd the Cry of a Ship in Sight —— I Soon left of Measuring and left the people that was with me and came home —— on the way I met a man from Majr. Ross desiring that I would come in that the Brigg was in Sight —— on my getting there Majr. Ross asked me to goe on board when She came a little nearer —— I did not much like it but I told him that I would —— it blows hard and there is a great Sea Running out and the Surf appears as if it was going to get up —— could not goe out untill after dinner on account of her being too great a distance —— when I went out and got on board of her very well although there was a great Sea Running —— I Staid on board of her about a Quarter of ane hour when after I got the despatchess for Majr. Ross I came away and brought on Shore with me Captain Hill of the N:S:Wales Corps who is come here with Lieut Abbot and Ensing prentice, one Serjt., one Copl., one Drumer, 10 Private to Relieve G: Johnstone, Creswell and the Same number of men —— Capt. Hill being here So that Majr. Ross, little John, Faddy and poor I are to Remain in this place a little longer —— I wish to Christ that I was going —— I also brought on shore with me Mr. Jamison who is come back to be assistant with Mr. Consident we got Save on Shore again —— the Gorgon is not Yet arrivd at Port Jackson nor any other Ship Since the Supply was here last —— Captain Hunter and his Ships Companie are gone home in the Dutchman that came from Batavia —— the Governour is very kind in not given use an opportunity here to write to our friends at home —— Capt. Hill appears to be a Genteel well behavd man

Saterday 16th.

Fine weather but blows hard and too much Sea for the Boats to doe any thing in this Bay —— if the Supply was in her found that She was in Cascade Bay where there is good Landing —— Sent a party of men over to assist brining over any things which may be landing there —— about five oClock Lieut Abbot and Ensing Prentice with part of the Men beloning to the Corps intended for the Service of this Country came into Town from Cascade Bay —— the men were orderd into the


  ― 195 ―
New Hospital and the officers one on [*] and the other on[e] Captn. Johnstone Quarterd —— the[y] Both Seem to be Genteel Youn men —— Doctor Callam came on Shore with them —— I am very much displeased with Captain Campbell for not writing to me

Sunday 17th.

Fine weather —— the Supply Still in Cascade Bay and Landing what light things She can —— Eight Seamen and two Marines beloning to the Sirius who are discharged from her came on Shore from the Supply to day the[y] are come to be Settlelers on this Island —— the[y] are D…d fools for ther pains the[y] had better gone home with the Rest of there Ships Companie than Stay as Settelers on this Island although I think a much better place for a man to be able to get Bread for him Self than port Jackson

Munday 18th.

Fine weather but a good dele of Surf on the Reef at times —— the Supply in the Bay —— Sent the three Cobols out who Soon after Returned from her with Baggages and Stores &c. but there being too much Surf did not Send them out again —— after dinner walked out to Charlotte Field with Mr. Callam, Lieut Abbot, Mr. Prentice and Mr. Palmer of the Supply —— the[y] all Said that it was most Charming place and were much please with there walked which gave me much Satisfaction to here them Say so as every body Said and that comes from here are much prejudiced against it

Tuesday 19

Fine weather —— getting from the Supply what we can —— I wish that every thing was out of her and that She was gone

Wednesday 20

Fine weather but a great Surf —— to much So to Send the Boat out to the Supply who is in Sight

Thursday 21st.

Fine weather not So much Surf —— Sent all the Boats out and Embarck part of the Marines that are going to Port Jackson —— Soon after the boats went out the Surf got up and only two of the Boats could get in the other was oblige to Return on board of the Supply —— Majr. Ross Sent for Captain Johnstone, Lieut Creswell and myself in consequence of what I had told Majr. Ross yesterday of Creswell informing me that Majr. Ross had Said that he would write to the Admlty. against him and Capt. Johnstone which I thought necessary to Acquaint Majr. Ross as I know that Majr. Ross had not done any Such a thing and I did not wish them to goe away and entertain Such a thought. when Majr. Ross told them that he had not then nor never had when Majr. Ross told them So


  ― 196 ―
they made answer that the[y] were very glad to here him Say So and that they were very much oblige to him —— after which he Said that there had been a great dele Said at Port Jackson against him and that Mr. Jamison he believed had Said more than he would make appear and that he had come to him Yesterday and Said that he had been very much led away but that he now Saw his errour and hoped to live on good terms with Majr. Ross but that he thought it necessary before he could live on good terms with Mr. Jamison that he must declair on his honor whether or not he had been making free with the Character of Majr. Ross while at Port Jackson and therfor Sent for Mr. Jamison —— when he asked Mr. Jamison if he had not on his honor been Saying thing to the prejudice of Majr. Rosses character while at Port Jackson Mr. Jamison Said Why Suspect me but Mr. Jamison would not answer that he had not been Sporting with Majr. Rosses character —— the[y] Said Mr. Jamison is Cunning Villain —— that has been long my oppinion of him

Friday 22d.

Fine weather but blows fresh —— Made the Signal for the to come from the Supply as Should land which She did but to much Surf to Send any boat out

Saterday 23

Fine weather but a great Surf —— nothing can come on Shore or goe on board for there is a tremendious Surf —— the Supply in Sight

Sunday 24th.

Fine weather but a great Surf and a great Sea —— the Supply in Sight Standing off and [on]

Munday 25th.

Fine weather —— the Surf going down fast —— getting from the Supply what we can

Tuesday 26th.

Fine weather and not much Surf —— the Supply in the Bay and getting from what She has in for the Collony and Sending off to her what She is to take away from heer

Wednesday 27th.

Fine weather —— the Supply in the Bay —— Send on Shore her watter casks and Send on board of her Planks, oar and Axe Helves for port Jackson

Thursday 28th.

Blows hard from the Southward —— the Supply not in Sight from Mount Pit —— it Raind hard in the night




  ― 197 ―

Friday 29th.

Blows very hard from the S:E: and a great Surf —— the Supply not in Sight from Mount Pit

Saterday 30th.

Still Blows hard from the S:E: not much Surf —— the Supply not in Sight from Mount Pit —— [*] Jones male Convict Punished with 100 Lashes for Stealing a Water Mellion from the Public Gardian —— have been twice out to Charlotte Field to day —— the Town which I have been Building was this day named and is Cald Queensborough in honor of her Majesty and the Village at Cascadyd is cald Phillipsburgh after the Governour

MAY 1971

May Sunday 1st.

not So much wind and little Surf —— the Supply not yet in Sight —— I think She has drifted a good way to the Westward

Munday 2d.

Fine weather little Surf —— not So much wind as has been for these Several days past —— the Supply not in Sight Yet —— [*] Steel a [Female] Convict was Punishd with 50 Lashes for telling a Liy to Majr. Ross —— walked out to Charlotte Field now Cald Queensborough —— when Mr. Doidge Caught Catharen White and Mary Higgins Stealing the Corn out of the Public Fields I orderd him to put them in Irons and to be confind in the Jail

Tuesday 3th.

Fine Weather little wind and little Surf —— the Supply not in Sight Yet Majr. Ross Desird when I went out to Queensborough to take Richardson with me /which is the man that Flogs the people/ and give them as manny lashes as I think the[y] deserved —— When I orderd Catharing White and Mary Higgins 50 each white could only bear 15 when She faintd away —— the Doctor then wished that I would order her to be taken down which I did —— Higgins Receivd 26 when I forgave her the Remaind as been an old woman —— I orderd also Mary Teut to Receive 25 Lashes for the Same Crime as the others —— She only Receivd 22 lashes when She Faintd away when I orderd her to be cast loose —— I hope this will be a warning to the Ladies out at Queensborough

Wednesday 4th.

Very fine weather little wind nor Surf —— The Supply not in Sight

Thursday 5th.

the Same weather as Yesterday —— the Supply Still absent —— orderd Phoebe Flarty in Irons and to be confind in the Goal for Stealing corn out of the Fields beloning to the Public




  ― 198 ―

Friday 6th.

Fine weather and little wind no Surf —— the Supply not in Sight —— what can become of her I hope not any Accident has happend to here

Saterday 7th.

Fine Moderate weather —— little wind & no Surf —— the Supply still absent

Sunday 8th.

Fine Moderate weather not much Surf —— about 10 oClock the Supply came in Sight which I am very glad of as I Shall be able to get into my own house again which I have let Mr. Prentice have untill Mr. Kellow Embarks who house he goes into —— Sent the Boats on board with her Cask with watter and other things —— Mr. Blackburn Sent word to Majr. Ross to inform him that he was blown to the nothward in the blowing weather which came on the 27 of of last month and has not been able to Return for want of winds

Munday 9th.

Blows fresh from the South West and a good dele of Surf —— the Supply in the Bay —— made the Signal to her to goe Round to Cascady bay which She did and Sent all the Remainder of the things over there to be put on board of her as the Boats could not goe out ther —— Johnstone and Creswell also went on board of her —— we parted very good friends and Creswell has promised that Should ever any Ship Sail and I have no opportunity to write by her He will alwayse Mention me in his letters to Mrs. Creswell Who will inform my Betsey —— I am very glad that the[y] are both are gone and I wish them well and forgive them for all there unkindness to me —— I hope we that Remain will live a little more happier than we heather to have done which I see no Reason we Should not —— I like Captn. Hill, Lieut Abbott and Ensing Prentice very well from our short acquaintance and particular Captain Hill who has offerd me any thing which he has got and which I want Tea, Coffe, Sugar &c. which is very Kind of him

Tuesday 10th.

blows hard from the S:E: which is a good wind for the Supply —— I hope She will get Save and Soon to Port Jackson —— have been twice out to Queensborough to day one before dinner and one after dinner —— a great Surf

Wednesday 11th.

blows fresh from the SE: not much Surf on the Reef —— Gentle Shours at times

Thursday 12th.

Fine moderate Weather & not much Surf —— Gentle Shours —— Punished [*] Dixson and Edwd. Woody two male Convicts for neglect of


  ― 199 ―
duty with 100 Lashes Each —— I Sowd 2 Acres of Wheat at Charlotte Field

Friday 13th.

Cloudy weather and not much Surf —— went out a day break to Measure the Ground for the Seamen late beloning to the Sirius who have become Settlers which nearly Empd. me all the day

Saterday 14th.

Fine weather and not much Surf

Sunday 15th.

Fine weather and not much Surf —— Sent the Boat over to Nepean Island with [*] Dring, Chas. McClaring and Heny. Barnet as Prisoners in Irons to be Confined there for Robbing Mr. Faddy's and Geo. Leggs Garden of Potatoes &c. &c. last night Confining them there on Indian Corn and Water will be a better Punishment than floggen them —— ther was Sent with them a forttnight Indian Corn at the present Ration which was to last them Six weeks and 90 Gallens of water —— Dring is the greatest Rascall living, every body appears to be glad with this kind of Punishment for them and hope that it will detair others —— [*] Giles and Jno. Howard male convicts were Punished Yesterday with 100 Lashes for Selling ther Cloaths

Munday 16th.

Fine Weather not much Surf —— Sent the Boat over to Nepean Island with more water to the Inhabitant of that Island —— she afterwards went a fishing and Caught only 4 fish

Tuesday 17th.

blows hard from the S:W: —— the Sentence of the Garrison Court Martial which Sat Yesterday on a Man beloning to the New So. Wales Corps was Carried into Execution this Morning and he Received 100 Lashes —— walked out to Phillipsburgh with Majr. Ross after breakfast and Markd out the Town which is to be build there —— while we were ther a Tree fell on Jas. Elliott and nearly Kild him —— he is by the Surgeons Report to be very much hurt part of the Hip Bone is brock —— Returnd to dinner after which I walkd out to Queensborough and Returned to Tea

Wednesday 18th.

blows hard from the S:W —— a great Surf

Thursday 19th.

Blows hard from the S: —— not So much Surf as Yesterday —— Punishd [*] Holms Convict with 100 Lashes for disobedience of orders ——


  ― 200 ―
Sowd a Acre of wheat a Charlotte Field —— the[y] have been Sowing Several acres in here with the Same

Friday 20th.

blows hard and a good dele of Surf on the Reef —— Yesterday Charlt. Simpson a female convict was brought to bed of a fine Boy a Charlotte Field —— She lives with Mr. Doidge whom every body Sayes She is Married to him

Saterday 21st.

Fine weather —— it Raind a good dele in the night —— Sleep at Charlotte Field last night and the Night before and went both Evening to Mount Pit to See if the Birds have any particular hole which I am Convinced the[y] have from the Birds which I marked on Thursday Eveng. coming back to the Same hole last night with the mark on there Eggs which I put on them the night before —— I Caught Ten Birds with Eggs in them

Sunday 22d.

Fine weather little wind not much Surf —— after Breakfast walkd. out to Charlotte Field with Majr. Ross and went down to Queensborough —— Returnd to dinner

Munday 23d.

Fine weather little wind from the Eastward —— a Garrison Court Martial Sat on one of the New So.Wales Corps for making away with his Caps and was Sentenced to Receivd a 100 Lashes but from his good Character Majr. Ross forgave him —— [*] Thompson a Convict in Cutting down a pine Tree for the Saw pits he Could not get out of the Way of the Tree when it was falling and it fell on his leg which it has brock to pices —— I am very Sorry for him as he is a very good man but I hope he will not loos his leg

Tuesday 24th.

Blows hard in Squals from the Westward and it has Raind hard the greatest part of all last night and this morning —— Punishd. Chas. Gray with [*] Lashes for neglect of duty and Michl. Dennison with 25 Lashes for the same Crime

Wednesday 25th

Blows fresh from the Southward —— Punished Jno. Thomas alias Copper with 50 Lashes for Stealing Indian Corn beloning to the Crown and Danl. Daniels with 32 Lashes for attempting to Steal flour from Mary Limamon —— the[y] Both belong to Queensborough and were punished out there

Thursday 26

much the Same kind of Weather —— not much Surf —— Sowd one acre of Wheat at Queensborough




  ― 201 ―

Friday 27th.

Squaly weather —— a good dele of Surf

Saterday 28

Blows hard from the Northward and a Very Great Surf

Sunday 29

Not much wind but a great Surf Still on the Reef

Munday 30th.

not Much wind and that from the Eastward —— not much Surf in the morning but a great Surf at times in the Afternoon —— Everybody Empd. in the Vale Grubbing

Tuesday 31st.

Blows hard from the S:W: —— a good dele of Surf

JUNE 1791

June Wednesday 1

Blows very hard from the S:E: which it has done all night —— the wind Blyths every thing which it came near —— this Evening three Marines whom I gave leave to goe to Duncombe Bay to fish this Morning Returnd with Thos. Strich who has been away for these Eight Months past and whom Every body Supposed was dead long a goe —— he looks very well and is very fatt —— he Says that he has not Seen a Soul Since he left Chas. Gray ther a nother Runaway Convict which is Seven months that he has ever Since been Where the Marines found him and never So near this as Mount Pit Since he has been away that he has lived on Birds of different kinds and wood Cabbaged —— the Birds he ust to get on the Clifts by the Sea and there is plenty of Cabbage round that part of the Island where he has been Since he has been away —— the Cabbage he Climb the trees for and cut the top off with a knife which also Servd him for a Rasor at times —— he must have had a Terrible time of it —— Majr. Ross thinks the Trouble which he must have Sufferd in mind & the hardships which he has enduerd in body from the weather and want of Cloaths is a Sufficient punishment for him Running away and therfor Majr. Ross has forgiven him any other Crimes but the truth is that he did not Run away but was drove away from the Store by Mr. Morrelly who told him that he was order not to give him any provisions from the Store on which he went to find Some Wher he could

Thursday 2d.

Cloudy and cold weather —— wind NW: —— a good dele of Surf




  ― 202 ―

Friday 3d.

Fine weather wind N:W: a good dele of Surf —— went at day light to Duncombay to See if there is a good place for a Boat to come in as Strich and the three Marines Said that a Boat might come in at all times as there never was any Surf to hurt —— found that on my getting ther that they had Misinformd Majr. Ross that a Boat can only come in here in good weather and that it is not near So good a place as here —— went and came by the place wher Strich has lived it is a most Miserable hutt the gloomious place I ever Saw —— Mary Griges was Punishd to day with 50 lashes for coming into Town from Cascady contry to orders

Saterday 4th.

Squaly weather wind S:W: and a great Surf —— this being the Kings birth day the Troops in the Garrison fired there in honor of the day —— I fired our men on our own parade and Captain Hill fired his Men in the front of ther own Quarters

Sunday 5th.

Squaly from the Southward —— a great Surf

Munday 6th.

Fine weather but it blows fresh from the Southward and a great Surf —— walkd out to Queensborough after dinner and orderd Sarah Lyons to Receive 50 Lashes for abusing Mr. Wentworth —— She only Received 16 as Mr. Wentworth begd that She Might be forgiven the other thirty four which She was order also Elizth. Pipking to Receive 25 lashes for disobediance of order for Coming into Town without Leave —— She only could Receive Six as She faintd away —— it is a thousand pittious that She is abandond woman for She is in figure a fine woman and has got a handsom face —— Sat as President of a Garrison Court Martial on a Drumr. of the N:S: Wales Corps

Tuesday 7th.

Fine weather but blows Remarkably hard at times and a great Surf

Wednesday 8th.

Much the Same weather as Yesterday

Thursday 9th.

Fine weather and more Moderate than it has been for these two days past but a great Surf

Friday 10th.

Fine weather at times Gentle Showrs —— no so much Surf —— another of the NewSth. Wales Corps Tryed to day by a Garrison Court Martial




  ― 203 ―

Saterday 11th.

Fine weather and the Surf gone down greatly

Sunday 12th.

Squaly weather and Blows very hard from the West —— we had a little thunder this morning —— Sent the Boat to See if the three men on Nepean Island who were Sent there this day month are a live and if they are to bring them of —— the[y] Could with great difiqualy land and found them all alive and they brought them of —— one of them very ill I am glad that they are alive for I was affraid that they had been dead

Munday 13th.

Squaly weather and a great Surf —— the people Empd. in getting the different kinds of Grain in the Ground

Tuesday 14th.

Blows hard from the Southward —— Punishd Mary Shepperd (a Plymouth woman) and Ann Dutton two Convict women —— the former Received 50 and the other 48 Lashes for being drunk and Making a Noise in the Camp —— Majr. Ross Reduced Serjt. Clinch and Corpo. Brough for given them the Spirrits to get drunk with

Wednesday 15th.

Blows hard from the S:E: and a great Surf

Thursday 16th.

Fine weather and not much Surf on the Reef

Friday 17th.

Fine Moderate Weather and not much Surf

Saterday 18th.

Fine weather little wind and no Surf

Sunday 19th.

Fine Moderate weather and no Surf on the Reef

Munday 20th.

Squaly weather and blows Remarkably hard in the aftning and a great Sea coming in and the Surf getting up

Tuesday 21st.

Blows hard from the Southward and a great Surf

Wednesday 22d.

More Moderate but a great Sea and Surf




  ― 204 ―

Thursday 23th.

Moderate weather —— Still a great Surf —— Punishd Martin Colls a male Convict out a Queensborough with one hundred Lashes for Contempt and disrespect to Mr. Doidge

Friday 24th.

Showry at times the Surf going down

Saterday 25th.

Squaly weather not much Surf —— Sent a draft of Seven male Convicts and nine Female Dito from Queensborough to Phillipburgh and the Same number from her to Phillipburgh

Sunday 26th.

Fine moderate weather and not much Surf

Munday 27th.

Fine weather but blows very hard from the Northward not much Surf —— the people Empd. in getting the Seeds in the Ground —— part of the Carpenters Empd. in finishing the Barrack for our men the Remainder at Phillipsburg in Erecting huts for the N:S:W Corps to goe in when the[y] are finishd as Majr. Ross has ordered them to take part ther

Tuesday 28th.

Fine weather blows very hard from the Westward —— fine landing no Surf what ever —— the people are getting Sickly

Wednesday 29th.

Fine weather no Surf —— Still blows hard —— it Raind hard almost all night

Thursday 30th.

Fine weather no Surf —— blows very hard

JULY 1791

July Friday 1st.

More Moderate —— a good dele of Surf on the Reef

Saterday 2d.

Blows fresh in the oftening —— Rain at times —— a great Surf —— wind S.W.

Sunday 3d.

much the Same weather as Yesterday

Munday 4th.

Blows very hard and a great Surf —— wind West




  ― 205 ―

Tuesday 5th.

it has blown and Raind hard the greatest part of this last twenty four hour —— a great Surf

Wednesday 6th.

more moderate but a very great Surf and Rain at times —— wind West

Thursday 7th.

Fine moderate weather but a great Sea Rolling in the Bay and a great Surf

Friday 8th.

Fine weather —— a good dele of Surf on the Reef —— this day our men went into ther new Barrack which are very good

Saterday 9th.

Blows fresh from the Northward —— not much Surf

Sunday 10th.

Fine weather but blows hard out in the oftening from the westward —— no Surf —— Raind the greatest part of this afternoon

Munday 11th.

Fine weather but blows hard —— no Surf from the Southward

Tuesday 12th.

Fine Spring weather —— no Surf —— little wind and that from the Eastward

Wednesday 13th.

Fine weather —— no Surf —— wind from the Eastward

Thursday 14th.

Fine Moderate weather no Surf —— Punished Elizt. Halligon in here for coming in from Phillipsburgh Without Leave and Punished Elizth. Thackney, Sarah Lyons and Mary Ann Carty of Phillipsburgh for the Same thing with 25 Lashes each —— two Marines whom I gave leave to goe to Duncombe Bay a fishing Returned in the Evening with a Turtle of a bout two hundred wight

Friday 15th.

Fine weather —— no Surf on the Reef but blows hard from the Eastward

Saterday 16th.

Fine weather but blows very hard from the S.E. and which it did Remarkably hard in the night with Rain —— Punished Phillip Devin with [*] Lashes for making away with the corn which he had Issued out to him for the purpose of planting in his Acre




  ― 206 ―

Sunday 17th.

the first part of this day fine Weather but the latter part Rain with very hard gust of wind —— Jno. Gualt was put in Irons last night for Robbing Mr. Freeman

Munday 18th.

Squaly weather —— Punished Heny. Wright by making him Run the Gantlet throu all the men and women in her for attempting to deflour Elizt. Gregory a Girl of a bout ten Years of Age —— he was about two Years agoe tried at Port Jackson for his life for the Same offence and Sentance to Suffer death but his Sentance was changed from Death to Transportation for Life to this Island —— he is to undergoe the Same punishment at Port Jackson when his Back is well

Tuesday 19th.

Fine weather —— Majr. Ross very ill confined to his bed

Wednesday 20th.

Fine moderate weather —— Majr. Ross very ill

Thursday 21st.

Much the Same weather —— Majr. Ross dangerously ill —— the Surgeon has been with him all night

Friday 22d.

Fine weather but Blows very hard with Rain —— Majr. Ross if possible wors to day —— he sent to me this afternoon telling me that he could possibly live much longer and therfore Gave me directions what to doe if he Should be carried off —— I hope in God that he will get better for Should any thing happen So as to carry him off this place will Soon be nothing but Scien of confusion

Saterday 23th.

Rainy dirty weather —— Majr. Ross no better

Sunday 24th.

a Little Better weather to day than what is was Yesterday and I hope that Majr. Ross if any thing is a little Better —— find myself very Unwell to day —— wind from the Southward —— a great Surf

Munday 25th.

Fine weather —— Since last Sunday have not been out of my Bed untill to day been so very ill but am thank God as well as my friend Majr. Ross are getting betternote

Saterday 30th.

a disagreable day has Raind the greatest part of all last night —— Major Ross getting Better fast




  ― 207 ―

Sunday 31st.

Fine weather not much Surf on the Reef —— Majr. Ross gainning Ground everyday

AUG 1791

August Munday 1st.

Fine weather —— Several of the people very bad —— no Surf on the Reef

Tuesday 2d.

Fine weather —— no Surf on the Reef althought it blows hard out from the South west —— Heny. Wright Received the Remainder of his Punishment at Queensborought

Wednesday 3th.

Fine weather no Surf —— Blows hard from the S:W: and a great Sea out —— walkd. to Phillipsburgh with Faddy and Mr. Considen to give some order from Majr. Ross

Thursday 4th.

Squaly weather and a great Surf —— Majr. Ross able to come down Stairs again which I thank God for

Friday 5th.

much the Same kind of weather this day as Yesterday

Saterday 6th.

Fine weather —— not much Surf on the Reef

Sunday 7th.

Squaly weather —— the Surf getting up —— wind S:W: —— Punished Yesterday John Mortimore ane old man near Seventy with 100 Lashess for Stealing wheat and neglecting his work —— also John Boyel with the Same number for disrespect to Capt. Hill and Accussing two of Capt Hills men with Stealing Birds from him which he could not Prove —— this day died Rachael Smith a Convict woman from a fall She Received and which brought on a Rupture —— made up the Matter between Majr. Ross & Mr. Considen which has been Subsisting between them ever Since we have been in this Island —— nothing has given me greater pleasure for this Some time past than this matter has I have long wished them to be friends and have this day at last Accomplished my wishes

Munday 8th.

Fine weather but Blows hard from the S:West Quarter —— not much Surf

Tuesday 9th.

Fine weather a great Surf and Blows hard from the SW —— a Garrison


  ― 208 ―
Court Martial assembled to day for the tryal of a Corpl. and Private of the N:S:W Corps whom I prosecute —— the Court ajurned untill to Morrow morning

Wednesday 10th.

Squaly weather Blows hard from the S:W: and a great Surf —— the Court Martial not finished Yet

Thursday 11th.

Squaly weather and a Strong gale from the Southward —— the Court martial not finished yet —— Poor Ellis confind by Captn. Hill for Contemp

Friday 12th.

Fine weather a great Surf —— the Court Martial have finished this day and the[y] have Acquited the Corpl. but have found the private man Guilty and Sentd. him to Receive 200 Lashess but the proceedings Majr. Ross dose not approve of for which See the orderly Book —— Ellis will be tried tomorrow

Saterday 13th.

Fine weather not much Surf —— wind S:W a good wind for any thing that is coming from Port Jackson —— Tried Ellis and the Court is adjournd untill Munday —— the New South Wales Corps in orders for to March on Wednesday morning next to Phillipsburgh —— I shall be glad when they are gone for I doe not like them they have been Endeavouring to Set Majr. Ross and me and Faddy and me by the ears Since they have been her —— as Yet they have been disapointed they have tyred Several times to make Faddy and me Quarell

Sunday 14th.

much the Same weather as Yesterday —— not much Surf on the Reef

Munday 15th.

Fine weather but very Cold no Surf —— went on with Ellis's Tryal which is not yet finished —— the Court adjournd untill to Morrow Morning and thank god a Ship in Sight —— now for the letters —— She Sent her boat on Shore at Cascady with the dispatches and found that She is the Mary Ann Transport Capt Monro from Port Jackson with 11 Soldiers, 3 Women and Nine children of the N:S:W Corps and 131 Male Convicts one woman and one child and nine month Provisions for them —— She Saild from Port Jackson the Six Insts. and left England in Feby. last —— She left at Port Jackson the Matilda a nother Transport which had left England Since the Mary Ann did —— the Matilda Saild from England in Company with the Gorgon and ten other Sail of Transports all bound to N.S:Wales So that we may Expect the Arrival


  ― 209 ―
of the Gorgon in the Country Every day which Ship is to Carry use home as the Govr. informs Majr. Ross in his letter —— have not as yet Received a Single line from any body —— the Mary Ann after She has landed Every thing which She has in for this Island is to goe back to Port Jackson after which goes a Whealing on the Coast of America

Tuesday 16th.

Fine Weather no Surf and the Ship in Sight Working in to the Bay —— Sent the Boats off to her —— assembled again this morning the Court Martial for Ellis Tryal which We finished and have Acquited him —— on the Boats Return from the Mary Ann Received two letter one from Captn. Campbell and the other from Captn. Johnstone for which See the letter Booknote —— in Captn. Campbells letter ther was one inclosed which Captn. Campbell informs me was Sent to him by the Govr. —— it containd part of a letter from my Beloved Alicia part of a letter from My Agent and his Account —— got some of the stores from the Mary Ann to day

Wednesday 17th.

Fine weather and little Surf —— the Boat Empd in landing the people Provisions &c. from the Ship —— the N.S.W. Corps marchd to Phillipsburg to day

Thursday 18th.

Fine moderate weather and no Surf —— the Boat Empd. as Yesterday —— Punished John Romaine Convict with 50 Lashes for Riotous behavour after hours

Friday 19th.

Blows fresh and the Surf getting up —— Send the Boat to bring from the Ship what the[y] can —— the latter part of this day the Surf to great to send the Boats out

Saterday 20th.

Blows fresh and a great Surf too much so to Send our Boats out —— in the after noon the Ship Send there Boat in and in going out was very near being lost

Sunday 21st.

Blows hard and a very great Surf —— the Ship in Sight

Munday 22d.

The Same weather as yesterday —— the Ship in Sight —— will not be able to doe any thing with her to day too much Sea and Surf to attemp to Send the Boats out

Tuesday 23d.

More Moderate than Yesterday but a great Surf and if the Mary Ann


  ― 210 ―
attemp to Send there Boat on Shore to day they will loose there Boat and every one in Her will be drown —— Punishd on the 20 Instn. Isac Williams with 100 Lashes and Wm. Gunter with 59 Lashes —— Gunter was also order to Receive 100 but could not Bear more than the 59 —— they both were punishd for Neglect of Duty —— Punished also to day Jeffery Bolton ane old Gray headed man with 50 Lashes and Stoppage of three pounds of Flour per week out of his weekly Ration for three Months for Stealing Bean out of the Barn —— Joseph Gandous was also Punished with 60 Lashes to day for being absent from his work —— he was order to Receive 100

Wednesday 24th.

Fine wether but a great Surf —— the Mary Ann in Sight —— cannot attemp Sending the Boats out for the Surf —— the wind Southerly —— Punished John Wood with 24 lashes for Robbing a Gardian and a Stoppage of three pounds of Flour per week out of his weekly Ration for the Space of Six months —— he was order to Receive 100 Lashes but could only bear 24 —— this is the fift of the new hands that have been punished Since there Arrival

Thursday 25th.

Fine weather but Still a great Surf —— the Mary Ann in Sight —— cannot attemp Sending our Boats out

Friday 26th.

Fine Weather and not so much Surf as Yesterday —— the Mary Ann in the Bay —— Sent our Boats out in the morning but the Surf got up again on which we disisted from Sending them out again and hauld the Signal down to Show them that were out that the[y] must not come in the Ships Boat being on Shore at this time the[y] would goe of to the Ship —— although every body advised them not to attemp it but of the[y] went and they had not got above a hunderd Yards from the Landing place when a Surf Struck the Boat and knocked every one that was in her out of her and if it had not been for the great assistance which we gave them to the Risk of the people's lives who went in to the water to assist them and there own good Swimming the[y] all must have been drowned —— the Boat is intirly Stove to pices —— I am glad that no lives are lost as also that they have lost their Boat for the[y] would not be advised but would goe out for they Said that there never was any Surf her but what they would goe over but they are now Convinced to the Contrary

Saterday 27th.

Fine weather not much Surf —— Sent the Boats out the Ship being in the Bay —— getting all this day from the Ship what we can




  ― 211 ―

Sunday 28th.

Fine weather no Surf little wind —— the Ship is in the Bay —— the Boats Empd. as Yesterday —— Punished to day John Laurell and William Robinson the (2) although Sunday for Gambling with cards on this day —— the[y] were each orderd to Receive a hundred Lashes —— Laurell could only Bear 61 and Robinson 81

Munday 29th.

Fine Moderate Weather no Surf —— the Ship in the Bay —— the Boats Empd. as yesterday —— hope to get every thing out of her to day if so She will be able to Return to Port Jackson to Morrow Evening —— Punished Frainces Flaxmore and John Lock for neglecting the Public work —— the[y] were order to Receive a hundred each but Lock could only [bear] 50 also Punished Mary Marshall with 50 Lashes for leaving Phillimors farm without leave and being very impertent to Majr. Ross —— Jno. Etton also Receive a hunderd lashes for Stealing Potatoes —— wrote a letter to Captain Campble and one to Captain Johnston in Answer to theirs —— for which See the letter Booknote —— also Sent Several thing on Board of the Mary Ann for Captain Campbell and a plank for Creswell

Tuesday 30th.

Blows fresh from the Eastward and a good dele of Surf —— got every thing on board of the Mary Ann and after dinner the Captain went on board and She made Sail for Port Jackson with a fair —— I was much affraid that the Boat would not have been able to come in after putting the Captain on board on Account of the Surf but She got Save in a little after dark —— Punished George Gust with 100 Lashes for Employing William Harris and William Arbrick to work for him without leave and they each Received 50 Lashess for going to Work for him without permission

Wednesday 31st.

Fine weather but a great Surf —— wind Easterly

SEPT 1791

Septr. Thursday 1st.

Much the Same weather as Yesterday —— Still a great Surf —— wind East

Friday 2d.

Fine weather not So much Surf as Yesterday —— wind S.E.

Saterday 3d.

Squaly Weather and a good dele of Surf —— wind Northerly —— I wish it may Continue to Rain all this day and to Morrow




  ― 212 ―

Sunday 4th.

Fine weather —— a great Surf —— wind at no Settled point

Munday 5th.

Fine weather and good dele of Surf —— wind from the Southward —— Jno. Laurell and Jno. Boyle Received the Remainder of the Punishment Laurell 39 and Boyle 49 Lashes

Tuesday 6th.

Fine weather —— not much Surf —— wind S:E:

Wednesday 7th.

Fine moderate weather and little Surf —— wind from the Eastward —— Jno. Ascott who came out Captain Sheas Servant and has Since been Majr. Ross's is gone Quite Mad and are obliged to confine him —— I am Sorry for him he dose not like any body but me —— it is all about a D…. Convict Whore who has used him ill

Thursday 8th.

Fine Moderate weather and no Surf —— wind as Yesterday —— Ascott much worse than yesterday —— confined him in a house made to day for to put him near the Guard and have put a Strait Waiscoats on him

Friday 9th.

Fine weather no Surf —— wind East

Saterday 10th.

Fine moderate Weather and no Surf —— wind East —— was oblige to Chain Ascott to a Gun in his house he is Quite gone —— he Sent to Speak to me and when I came he Said my name was Mr. Clark and I was all in the dark

Sunday 11th.

Remarkably fine weather no Surf —— wind from the Eastward —— Sent three Men on Board of the Sirius to See what ther was Remaining in her the[y] Soon after Returned and Said that there was nothing in her Except a Coble which must be Quite Rotten as the Watter was over it at low water and that her Bottem was out of her —— this Evening Jno. Gualt who some time Since made his Escape from the place wher he was confined for Robing Mr. Freeman was brought in this Evening

Munday 12th.

very fine weather not much Surf but has all the appearence of it was going to get up —— wind N:E: —— Punish Mary Barns with 50 Lashes & Elizt. Goff with 50 Lashes for going to Phillipsburgh Yesterday without leave and Staying ther all night




  ― 213 ―

Tuesday 13th.

Fine Moderate Weather —— not much Surf but Seems very inclinable to get up —— blows fresh in the oftening from the N:E and B:E —— I am much affraid that the catterpilliars are coming again to destroy the Crops as the[y] did last years Wheat for Several are Seen to day on the Barley which is grown on the N.E. Side of Mount George —— Should the[y] come in the Same number as they did last Year the Best thing that Government can doe is to take every Soul of the place for it will be a Constant Expence to Government to Keep it

Wednesday 14th.

Remarkable fine weather again —— not very much Surf —— wind from the N:E: and not So much of it as yesterday —— Ascott Still as Mad as befor I pity him

Thursday 15th.

The first part of the day very fine and not much Surf and the wind from the Westward but towards noon it changed from the Westward to its old point S.E. wher it blows now fresh from that point with Rain

Friday 16th.

Fine weather but a good dele of Surf —— this Morning about 3 oClock was woke with the Report of a Gun when the Corpo. of the Gd. Came and Cald me and Said that there was a Gun fire in the Bay —— Faddy soon after came and Said that he could See a Ship between this and Phillip Island —— I made him for Answer God grant it may be the Gorgon —— I soon after got up and Saw her also but from her Size know it could not be the gorgon —— at day light She came close in when we Sent the Boat off which Soon after Returned and brought the letters &c. on Shore and found her the Sollomander Capt Nickolls from Port Jackson with Convict Store and Provisions and twelf men of the N:S:W: Corps —— from Captain Campbell I received a letter and packet containing Six letters from My Beloved Alicia one from Mr. Nash one from my Brother Matthew as also a letter from Mr. Callam of the Supply —— by this Ship find that the gorgon is not Yet Arrived at Port Jackson —— when She Saild which was the 4 Instn. but She was hourly Expected as the Rest of the Fleet with which this Ship Saild from England in Company bound for this place —— She left the William and Mary and Atalantic Transport at Port Jackson which Ships had Arrived Since our last heering from the[re] —— the Mary Ann was not arrived when this Ship Saild from Port Jackson

Saterday 17th.

Fine Moderate weather and no Surf —— Wind from the Northward —— the Ship close in the Bay —— Sent all the Boats off to bring on Shore


  ― 214 ―
all the Convicts as fast as they can —— at Sun Set got all convicts [*] and the twelf men beloning to the N:S: Wales Corps

Sunday 18th.

Squaly & cloudy weather no Surf —— wind from the Westward —— Sent all the Boats off to land what they can Send on Shore first —— about 12 oClock it blowd very hard and therfore would not Sent the Boats off any more as they cannot lay along Side of the Ship well from the great Sea that is Running

Munday 19th.

Fine weather but blows fresh from the Eastward and in the Morning a good dele of Surf —— Did not Send the Boats out untill after dinner —— the Ship in the Bay —— the Boats Empd. after dinner in landing Provisions Stores &c.

Tuesday 20th.

Fine Moderate weather and no Surf —— wind East —— the Ship a great way off to the Westward —— in the afternoon Sent the Boats on board of her for Provisions &c.

Wednesday 21st.

Blows a gale of wind from the Eastward and a very great Surf —— the Ship in the Bay but cannot Send any Boats off to her

Thursday 22d.

Still Blows hard from the Eastward and a great Surf —— I wish it would Rain for the Crops much want it —— the Ship came in Sight this forenoon but was obliged to Stand off again

Friday 23d.

Squaly boistrous weather —— not So much as Yesterday —— Wind from the Northward —— the Ship in Sight to the South East

Saterday 24th.

Squaly weather and at times blows very hard from the N:E: —— the Ship in the Bay —— no Surf on the Reef —— Sent the Boats out but two of them could not get on Board of the Ship —— the other did & She brought on Shore again with her five Cask of flour

Sunday 25th.

Blows hard at times from the Northward no Surf —— the Ship in the Bay —— Sent the Boats out to Bring on Shore Provisions Stores &c. from her

Munday 26th.

Blows hard Still and the wind Seems inclinable to come Round to the Westward —— wind at present North no Surf —— the Ship in the Bay —— the Boats Empd as Yesterday




  ― 215 ―

Tuesday 27th.

Moderate weather no Surf —— wind N:E —— the Ship in the Bay —— the boats Empd. as yesterday

Wednesday 28th.

Calm weather no Surf —— the Ship Close in the Bay —— got every thing nearly out of her

Thursday 29th.

Fine Moderate weather no Surf —— wind N:W: —— the Ship in the Bay —— got every thing out of her —— She will be able to Sail for Port Jackson on Saterday

Friday 30th.

Squaly weather no Surf to Signify —— wind N:E: —— the Ship in the Bay —— Wrot letters to Captn. Campbell, Creswell and Mr. Callam of the Supply for which See the letter Booknote —— a good dele of Rain fell in the night and this morning which will doe a great dele of good to the Corn &c.

OCT 1791

October Saterday 1st.

Blows fresh from the N.E. —— the Ship in the Bay —— not much Surf But a great Sea —— wrote a letter to Mr. Wolrige which I enclosed to Captn. Campbell (for which See the letter Book) and be by him forwarded in the fresh Ship Bound to China or Europenote

Sunday 2d.

Cloudy Weather very inclinable to Rain —— blows hard from the N.E. no Surf on the Reef

Munday 3d.

Cloudy weather and blows very hard at times —— wind N.E. no Surf —— Jno. Harris Convict Received one hundred lashes at Phillipsburg for Absconding from the Service which he was orderd on and going into the woods —— [*] Vallance a Convict also Received one hundred lashes at Phillipsburg for Disobediance of orders & Insolence to Mr. Hume the Superintendend at that place for which offence the Said Vallance is in addition to Receive the same number of Lashes at Queensborough and at this town as an Example to the whole of the Convicts on this Island —— [*] Rainer and [*] La Row Convicts were Punished with 50 Lashes each for Theft and Jas. Dullage Convict was also Punishd with fifty lashes for Repeated Disobedience of orders and neglect of Duty

Tuesday 4th.

Fine Moderate Weather —— Wind N:E: —— no Surf —— [*] Fergusen a Convict in a fit fell into the fire while he was dressing his breakfast and was nearly Burnt to death before any person observed him

Wednesday 5th.

Fine dry weather —— wind Moderatly from the Eastward —— no Surf on the Reef




  ― 216 ―

Thursday 6th.

Cloudy weather and very inclinable to Rain —— wind North and blows fresh —— no Surf on the Reef

Friday 7th.

Cloudy weather —— in the course last night Several Showrs fell which has much Refreshed the Corn very much —— Blows fresh from the N:W: B:W —— no Surf on the Reef —— Mary Sheaperd was punished with fifty lashes for making use of Majr. Ross's name and ther by passing Theophilis Feutsell a Soldier in the N.S Wales Corps to Queensborough She not having Majr. Ross's permission for that purpose —— it has all this day been very inclinable to Rain

Saterday 8th.

Cloudy weather and very much inclinable to Rain —— Several Small Shows have fell —— Wind West and Blows hard —— no Surf on the Reef

Sunday 9th.

Fine clear weather —— the Wind S:W:B:W: —— No Surf on the Reef —— a great dele of Rain fell from Seven oClock last night untill ten oClock which has done a great dele of good —— very hott all this day

Munday 10th.

Squaly weather with Rain in the first part of the day —— wind South —— not much Surf on the Reef —— the Rain which fell Saterday night has done a great dele of good to the ground and Crops &c.

Tuesday 11th.

Fine Moderate weather —— little wind from the Eastward —— no Surf on the Reef —— Thos. Seal was punished with 49 Lashes for absenting himself from all work Since the thirteth of last month and found by Edwd. Parrot at 10 oClock last night in his Garden —— Cornlius. [Benns?] with 50 Lashes for Repeatedly absenting himself from the work he is order —— two Male Convicts died to day of declines —— [*] Anson died in the morning and [*] this afternoon —— both young men

Wednesday 12th.

Fine moderate weather —— very little wind and what there is of it comes from the N:W: —— Since this morning Six oClock a very great Surf has got up —— the Boat went out a fishing a little after four and Returnd about one with 13 Snapper and one Sharke —— I was very much affraid that she would not have been able to have got in on Account of the Surf and in Getting in She Run a great Risk

Thursday 13th.

Fine weather —— Blows fresh from the N:W: —— not So much Surf as Yesterday —— John Howard Convict Ordered to Receive 500 Lashes for Selling his Slops which were Issued out to him by the Public and for telling a Liy to Majr. Ross Respecting the Selling of the Slops —— he


  ― 217 ―
could only bear 80 —— the Remaind he is to Receive when well —— Thos. Brown Convict Order to Receive 200 Lashes for Selling his Slops also —— he could only Bear 41 —— to Receive the Remainder When his Back is well —— the[y] Both belong to Phillipsburg and the[y] Sold there Slops to Mr. Hume the Superintendent of Convicts —— Robt. Kingston order to Receive 100 Lashes for absenting himself from his work —— he could only Bear 34 —— the Remainder he will Receive when well

Friday 14th.

Fine Weather but blows hard from the West —— there is no Surf on the Reef —— there was a gentle Shour of Rain this morning between Six and Seven oClock if ther had been a little more it would have done no harm —— it has been Remarkably hott to day

Saterday 15th.

Squaly weather and blows very hard from the S:W: —— a good dele of Surf —— it came on to Rain last night about Seven oClock and continued the greatest part of all last night —— Several Shours have fell in the Cours of this day

Sunday 16th.

Squaly weather and blows very hard from the S:E:B South with a very great Surf on the Reef —— the wind Blows very Cold —— Wm. Cooper Convict died to day at 12 oClock at Phillipsburg —— his death is occasioned from his eating a great Quantity of Wood Cabbage Yesterday which Sweld him very much and his Stomach was not able to digest it

Munday 17th.

Cloudy weather —— not So much wind as Yesterday which is S:E: nor So much Surf —— a Garrison Court Martial at Phillipsburgh on a Soldier beloning to the New South Wales Corps —— Punished Wm. Gunter with 50 Lashes at Phillipburgh for quiting the duty that he was orderd on and going into the Woods and Staying there a week —— this Said Gunter is a very bad Subject —— Mary Carty Convict was deliverd this afternoon of [*]

Tuesday 18th.

Clam no Surf on the Reef —— According to the order of Yesterday the Court Martial Met again this Morning at 10 oClock but the Court would do nothing futher in the Matter on which Majr. Ross gave out a Genl. order for which See the Orderly Book and which order Mr. Faddy was to deliver to Captn. Hill if he found that the Court would not doe any thing futher in the matter but if the Court wished to have the Proceedings to look over them again in which case Faddy was not to deliver the Genl. order but to Return it back to the Commanding Officer —— on Mr. Faddy's Return from Phillipsburgh he informed me


  ― 218 ―
that Capt. Hill had Used him very ill and threatend to take his Sword from him to put him Under an Arrest for not delivering him the order on his arrival a Phillipsburg which Mr. Faddy Said I intentd to write to Majr. Ross to have the Treatment which he Received from Capt Hill investigated by a Genl. Court Martial —— he asked me if I though him Right —— I told him that if it had been me who Captn. Hill threatend as he he has done you I certainly would have it Public investigated as Such an appoligie as my feelings as an officer could accept for you was Acting under the order and Authority of Majr. Ross and had done nothing but what you was desired —— this afternoon [*] Ferguson the man that fell into the fire on the Morning of the 4 Inst in a fit died this afternoon —— it is a fortunated thing for him that the almighty has takens him to himself

Wednesday 19th.

Cloudy weather and blows fresh from the S:W: —— no Surf on the Reef —— in the Course of the day three or four Showrs fell —— Faddy has deliverd his letter of Complaint against Captn. Hill to Majr. Ross and which cannot be Settled but by a Court Martial —— he in my opinion has done what I would have done if he had treated me in the manner he has done Faddy —— Thos. Edgridge Convict Receivd 50 Lashes and to be chained to the grind Stone for Breaking out of confinment and Repeatedly Being found Robbing the Private Gardins —— Eliz Thomas a woman Convict was deliver of a Boy this morning

Thursday 20th.

Fine weather —— wind Variable from S.W to South —— a good dele of Surf on the Reef —— went out to Queensborough a little after day light and took Richardsond the Scurge with me and Punished [*] Cooly a Convict Boy with 13 Lashes on the Backside for Stealing from his Master Serjt. Clayfield at different times —— Punished also [*] Fletcher also a Convict —— he only Could Bear 17 Lashes out of 200 which he was orderd to Receive for absenting himself from the work he was orderd on and Stealing from Chas. Clarks Gardin above a hundred Roots of Potatoes —— the dispute between Faddy and Captain Hill is to be Settled by a Genl. Court Martial when we arrive at Port Jackson —— Untill then it must Remain as it is at Present

Friday 21st.

Fine Moderate Weather —— Wind Easterly —— not much Surf —— this morning Died [*] Evans a poor old man one of the Convicts that came in the Solamander —— Captain Hill wrote to Majr. Ross for a Copy of the Complaint and charge which Faddy has Exhibited against a Copy of which Faddy Sent him




  ― 219 ―

Saterday 22d.

Fine Moderate Weather —— Wind from the N:E: the little that there is of it —— no Surf —— all the people in here have been very Bussey in Building new houses on a Regular plan Yesterday and to day —— when finished it will look Something like a Town than what it did before —— have my Self for the Several days past been Empd. in Marking out the diffent Streets Market Place &c. when they will have any thing to Sell here —— Eleanora Kervan Convict was this day deliver of a dead child —— Sent [*] Keeling and five other Men Convicts nearly as great Rascals as Keeling to Cultivate Ground for the Public at Ball Bay

Sunday 23d.

Fine moderate Weather —— almost a calm the little wind that there is comes from the Westward —— no Surf on the Reef —— the Crops of Wheat and Indian Corn both at Queensborough and here round Arthurs Vale look as well as any corn can do in any part of the World

Munday 24th.

Fine Moderate weather —— wind S:W: and no Surf Round the Island —— this has been the Hottest day we have felt this Season —— [*] Vallance beloning to Phillipsburg was Punishd in here with 100 Lashes According to his Sentence on the 3d. Instn. —— Geoe. Gust was Punished also in here with 75 Lashes for Neglect of duty —— Ann Jones Dorvent a woman Convict died to day at Phillipsburg has been ill ever Since She has been on the Island —— She came here in the Surprize in August 90

Tuesday 25th.

Fine Moderate weather —— wind S:E: —— no Surf on the Reef —— a nother Court Martial to Morrow at Phillipsburg for which See the orderly Book

Wednesday 26th.

Cloudy weather with a fresh Breeze from the N:E: —— not much Surf on the Reef —— Faddy and Self went out to Phillipsburg this morning According to the Genl. orders of Yesterday and Tried a Corpl. and a Private beloning to the New South Wales Corps who were both Acquited —— [*] Robison and [*] two Convicts were Punished with 100 Lashes each for Stealing there fellow Prisoners Provisions

Thursday 27th.

Fine weather —— wind Northerly —— no Surf on the Reef —— Chas. Gray and Jos. Tuso two Convicts were Punished with one hunderd lashes Each for Disobedience of orders and Neglect of duty —— Thos. Howard who was orderd on the 13 Inst to Receive 500 Lashes for Selling the Slops that were Issued out to him and of which he could then only Bear 60 and Thos. Brown who was orderd 200 Lashes and of which number he could only Bear 41 for the Same offence Major Ross


  ― 220 ―
has forgiven them the Remainder of the Punishment —— another Garrison Court Martial at Phillipsburg to Morrow for which Duty I am

Friday 28th.

Fine weather but at times it threatens very much if would Rain —— wind N:W: —— no Surf on the Reef —— went out to Phillipsburg According to the orders of Yesterday to Set a Garrison Court Martial when Thos. Lunn a Private Soldier in the New South Wales Corps was brought to Trial by Captn. Hill for Unsoldierlike behaviour by telling him a wicked and Malicious Lie of which Crime he was found Guilty and was Sentenced to Receive 400 Lashes which Sentences by the orders of this day is to be Carried into Execution to Morrow morning at Phillipsburg at Seven oClock —— the people begins to get on with there new Houses very well

NB: Margt. Moring Punished with 50 Lashes to day for not going to work and been Insolent to her oversier

Saterday 29th.

Cloudy weather and very hott —— this is the hottest day we have had this Season —— blows fresh from the Westward —— no Surf on the Reef

Sunday 30th.

Cloudy weather —— Wind N:W: and blows fresh —— no Surf on the Reef —— [*] Dixon /Convict/ an old man died here this morning —— he came here in the last Ship the Salamander —— most of the People that have died lately is from the flux —— the latter part of this day a good dele of Rain fell

Munday 31st.

Cloudy weather —— Wind S:W and b South —— no Surf on the Reef —— the following Convicts were Punished this morning Jno. Chapman [*] Morris and Heny. Humphries with 50 Lashes each for Disobedience of orders by going to Mount Pit for Young Birds —— Jno. Herbt. Keeling with 50 Lashes for Disobedience and contempt of Majr. Rosses positive orders to him not to come in to Camp —— Geoe. Wood with 90 and Heny. Flaxmore with a 100 Lashes For Repeatedly going to mount Pit Francis Folks confined in Irons by order of Majr. Ross for with holding from Majr. Ross some of the Books Respecting the Island which he had from Majr. Ross to Copy and for writting to Captain Collins a letter a Copy of which I found amongst his paper put a way in a Gardin Complaining to him and for him (Captn. Collins) to Represent it to the Governor Accusing Majr. Ross of Cruilty, oppression and every Crime that is possible for man to be guilty off with Several other papers and Remarks on Majr. Rosses conduct as well as that of mine


  ― 221 ―
&c which Majr. [Ross] has now in his possession for which he intend to trie him at Port Jackson

NOV 1791

November Tuesday 1st.

Cloudy Weather and blows fresh from the S.West by South —— not much Surf on the Reef —— Thos. Hill Convict Confind in Irons for being concernd with Folks in Endeavouring to make the Convicts murmur and ther by incitting them to an insurection —— in the course of last night ther was a very Small Shour —— cut down an Acre of Barley which is the only Barley that is in the Island and it is very fine indead which Majr. Ross had Sown for himself

Wednesday 2d.

Cloudy weather and blows fresh from the S.Ward by South —— not much Surf —— a little before two oClock a Ship hove in Sight —— about a Quarter after four oClock Sent the Boat out to her with Serjt. Clayfield —— when the Boat went out a great Surf —— Saw the Boat get Save on board and Suppose from the boats not Returning they thought that there was to much Surf for the Boat to Land —— She Stood away to the Westward —— Suppose to See if ther was any Landing at Cascade Bay —— hope that we Shall be able to here from her to Morrow morning early

Thursday 3rd.

Fine weather but a good dele of Surf —— wind N:E: —— about 10 oClock last night Serjt. Clayfield Returnd from the Ship being landed a Cascade Bay from her and informed use that She was the Atlantic with Mr. King on board and that the Gorgon was at Port Jackson nearly Ready for Sea that this Ship was going after landing all the things She had on board to Culcuta for Provisions for the Settlement —— Mr. Bowen the Gentleman who brought my letters from my beloved is on board of this Ship that the Queen will come for use heer in a few days to carry use back to Port Jackson —— She the Atlantic has brought a Captain Paterson (and Lady) of the N.S:Wales Corps who Remains her and Captain Hill Returns to Port Jackson in the Queen —— Mrs. Kings is also on board —— Received a few letters from home and one Captain Campbell for which letters See the letter Book —— there is also 29 Discharged Marines come in this Ship to Settle on this Island

Friday 4th.

Fine weather and no Surf —— wind from the Northward —— after Breakfast Captain King and Lady with Captain Paterson and Lady came on Shore —— Mrs. King appears to be a Genteel woman not very pretty and Mrs. Paterson a good coasy Scott Lass and fit for a Soldiers wife —— Empd. getting all the things on Shore from the Atlantic




  ― 222 ―

Saterday 5th.

Fine Moderate Weather —— Wind N:W: no Surf —— Captain Paterson gave me a letter from my Beloved Alicia and for the care of which I am much obliged to him —— Mr. Bowen came on Shore who I also thanked for the care he took of my letters from England —— I asked him if there was any think that I had that would be of Service —— he Said nothing but as he is going a long Voyage I sent him a Cask of Potatoes for Sea Stock —— after dinner I walked out to Queensborough with Captain King, Major Ross, Lieuts Bowen and Rey the third Lieutenant of the Gorgon and the Revd. Mr. Johnson who Both return to Port Jackson in the Ship that Carries use —— the[y] were all highly pleased with the place —— the[y] could not be other wise for it is a very pretty place

Sunday 6th.

Fine Weather not much Surf —— wind from the N:ward —— the Atlantic in the Bay —— the Revd. Mr. Johnston performd Divine Service both in the forenoon and afternoon —— all the Troops in the Garrison present —— the boats Empd. in bringing on Shore different things from the Ship —— Mr. Johnston Baptize in here 31 Children

Munday 7th.

Blows fresh from the N:W: and a great Surf —— the Atlantic in Sight —— a good dele of Rain the latter part of this day

Tuesday 8th.

Squaly weather and in the Squales blows Remarkably hard and a very great Surf —— Wind S:W: —— the Atlantic came in Sight in the Morning —— Majr. Ross and Mr. King had some words last night which is Settled to the Satisfaction of them both which I am heartly glad of —— begune Cutting down the Wheat on Ship Wreck hill to day and very fine wheat it is —— all the Small grain will Soon now be Ripe

Wednesday 9th.

Cold weather and blows now and has done all this last night Remarkably hard So much So that a great number of different Sea birds have been blown on Shore —— Some of them dead an great number with hardly any life in them as also the Sea has thrown on Shore Several fish —— the Sea is So much adgitated a Great Surf —— wind S:E:byS: —— the Atlantic in Cascade Bay —— no Boat came on Shore from her —— had Several words with Captain Hill Respecting a Quarlell which I had with him on his first arrival in this Island which was Settled again in the presence of Capt Paterson to the Satisfaction of use both

Thursday 10th.

Cold Cloudy Weather —— wind S:W: by South —— a great Surf Still —— the Queen Transport Ship arrived in the Bay —— made the Signal for Her to goe Round to Cascady Bay wher the Atlantic is as there is no


  ― 223 ―
landing her wher the Queen Landed Lieut Townson of the N:SW Corps and two other Gentlemen

Friday 11th.

Fine weather not much wind S:W: & by S: —— a good dele of Surf on the Reef —— about Nine oClock the two Ships came Round from Cascade —— Sent the Boat out to them —— Soon after made the Signal with a Gun for them to goe Round again to Cascade as the Boats could not land which they did —— Lieut Townson with the Detachment that brought with him came over from Cascade Bay —— by the Genl. order of this day Majr. Ross gives up the Command and Goverment of the Island to Lieut Govr. King to Morrow —— Lieut Bowen cald on me to take leave as he will Sail this Evening or to Morrow Morning early —— I wish him a good Voyage

Saterday 12th.

Foggy weather —— a good dele of Surf at times —— wind Southerly —— the Queen landing things at Cascade Bay —— the Atlantic in Sight from Mount Pit —— to Morrow Mr. Kings Commission is to be Read appointing him Lieut Govr. of this Island

Sunday 13th.

Cloudy weather —— not much wind nor Surf —— wind Southerly —— the Troops in Garrison attended Divine Service after which we Marched to the front of Government House wher Mr. Kings Commission was Read in the presence of the Garrison and the whole of the Inhabitance &c. on the Island —— the Queen landing at Cascade

NB: all the Prisiners in Confinment of every description were Pardond at the Request of Majr. Ross

Munday 14th.

Cloudy weather blows fresh from the Southward no Surf —— walked out to Queensborough to Show Mr. Grymes the Publick and Private Ground out there —— the Queen landing things at Cascade —— a Serjt. and twelf Men of Capt Hill Compy. Embark on board of the Queen to day

Tuesday 15th.

Cloudy weather and blows fresh from the Southward —— a good dele of Surf —— the Queen in Sight from Cascade —— the People delivering in ther Hogs who dont wish to keep them on the termes which they Received them from Government and also to give up ther Acres if they dont like to keep them on the agreement of the 8 of Feby.

Wednesday 16th.

Fine weather wind N:W: no Surf —— the Queen came in to the Bay and the old Coble came on shore from her —— Sent her off again ——


  ― 224 ―
Captain Hill taken an unfair advantage of Majr. Ross by Examg. Convicts on Oath before the Revd. Mr. Johnstone and Mr. Balmain who are prejudice like himself against Majr. Ross fore these Said Convicts there are not greater Rascals under heaven than they are and would Sell there fathers life if the[y] could get any thing by it

Thursday 17th.

Sent a Sergeant with 12 of our men on to the Queen

Fine weather —— Wind S:E: at times a good dele of Surf —— the Queen in the Bay —— all the Boats carring our Baggage on board of her that are to Return to Pt. Jackson in her was Examined on Oath by Majr. Ross before Mr. Johnson and Balmain Respecting a Message which Mr. Hume Superingtendant of the Convicts brought Some time back to Majr. Ross from Chas. Gray Convict which Message he Mr. Hume Said Majr. Ross forced him to Sign and Swear contary to his inclination and wish and that Mr. Faddy, Serjt. Kennedy and my Self were present when he was forced which he informed Captain Hill and Swore Yesterday in Court —— also that he was forced when Faddy, Serjt. Kennedy and my Self declaired on Oath that he was not forced but on the Contrary was desired by Majr. Ross and myself repeatedly not to Sign or Swear to it if he did not like it or if there was any thing in it which was not as he had Related to Majr. Ross in the presence of Faddy and my Self —— he made answer to that there was not any thing containd but what he had Related and was perfectly Save in Signing it —— what a Rascal this Hume is

Friday 18th.

Fine weather almost Calm —— the little wind that there is is from the N:W: —— at times a very great Surf —— the Queen in the Bay —— the Boat Empd. as Yesterday when the Surf will permit them —— two of the convicts orderd to Receive 800 Lashes Each and [*] Resby who is out of his time refused to work order to have only three days Provisions and to be sent to Port Jackson for he wanted to Settle here which Mr. King will not Suffer him —— he was only Married Yesterday and Must leave his wife

Saterday 19th.

Squaly weather and blows hard from the Westward —— the Queen gone Round to Cascade Bay —— a great Sea Running a Tremendious Surf —— Mr. King orderd [*] to Punished with [*] Lashes for theftnote

JAN 1792

Jany. 1792 Friday 6th.

Since the day before I left Norfolk have not been able to doe any thing to this from while on Board of the Queen I was Sea Sick the whole of the way from Norfolk to Port Jackson and the few days that I Remaind there was So Busy in getting the Accounts of the Men Settled that I


  ― 225 ―
had not time and Since I have been on Bd. of this the Gorgon have been Sea Sick ever Since we Saild —— am thank God getting the Better of it —— we Saild the 19 of Decr. and cald at Lord Howes Island to See if we could get any Turtle but got none —— we are now in Sight of New Zealand wher I wish we would Stop to get Some Water for I never in the whole course of my life was obliged to drink Such bad water as in on Bd. here —— I hope to god that we Shall not get Sickly by it for it is Realy very bad

The officers that are Embd. for a Passage in the Gorgon are: Majr. Ross Captns. Campbell, Meredith, Tench, 1st. Lts. Furzer, J. Johnston, Shearp, Clark, 2d. Lts. Dawes, Long, Faddy, Ross —— Lt. Young one of the agents with his wife and Lt. Blow a nother of the agents of Transports that Came out this last fleet

Saterday 7th.

Fine weather —— little wind but that fair —— this afternoon we were over Plymouth —— I wish to god that we were at it in the place of being where I am —— the land was in Sight this Morng.

Sunday 8th.

Fine Moderate weather and a fair wind thank god for it —— the Ships Compy. was Musterd to day —— Latt [*] Log [*]

Munday 9th.

Fine weather —— a Strong Breeze from the [*] which is a fair wind for use —— god Grant it may continue as long as we want it —— Latt 36 Long. 179

Wednesday 11th.

was not out of my Bed all day Yesterday from a great Pain across my back —— not much better to day —— Still a fair wind much the Same as Yesterday —— Latt in 38–49 —— Long [*]

Tuesday 24th.

have not been able to put pen to paper Since the 11 Inst from a pain in the Small of my back and from a pain in my teeth was oblige to have it drawn out on Sunday last Since which time I am thank god better —— the pain in my back gone also and a fair wind which is another good thing —— our distance from Cape Horn is 8 Leagues which is Still a great dele

Wednesday 25th.

Fine weather but very Cold —— latt in [*] Longd. [*] —— distance from Cape Horn [*]

Thursday 26th.

Fine weather but much Colder than Yesterday and will find it more So as we get to the Southward —— went by the Log Since Yesterday twelf


  ― 226 ―
oClock [*] miles —— Latt in [*] Longe. [*] distance from Cape Horn [*]

Friday 27th.

Much the Same Kind of weather as Yesterday —— went by the Log this last twenty four hours [*] miles —— Latt [*] Long [*] distance from Cape Horn [*]

Saterday 28th.

Squaly weather —— the wind fair —— went by the Log [*] miles Since Yesterday twelf oClock —— Latt [*] Long [*] Distance from Cape Horn [*] in the wind Continue as it has done this week past we will be Round Cape Horn in ten days

Sunday 29th.

Squaly weather and very Cold —— went by the Log [*] miles —— latt [*] Long [*] distance from Cape Horn [*]

Munday 30th.

Squaly weather and blows hard but the wind is fair —— went by the Log [*] miles —— latt [*] Long [*] —— distance from Cape Horn [*]

Tuesday 31st.

Fine weather but very Cold —— went by the Log [*] miles —— Latt [*] Long [*] —— Distance from Cape Horn [*] —— hope to god this wind will continue —— have got pains in my legs I hope it is not the Scurvy —— Shall take every precautions to keep it from —— Shall be very happy when we get to the Cape of Good Hope

FEB 1792

Feby Wednesday 1st.

fine weather but little wind and very Cold —— went by the Log this last twenty four hours 183 miles —— Latt [*] Long [*] Distance from Cape Horn 341 Leagues —— have had no Sleep this last night from the pains in my legs —— hope it is only Cold that I have caught and that it will goe of Soon

Thursday 2d.

Fine Moderate weather very little wind and that little against use —— Shall not have so many miles on the Log Board this last twenty four hours as we had the Day before —— went by the Log [*] miles —— Latt [*] Long [*] —— Distance from Cape Horn [*] Leagues —— the pains in my legs much the Same —— Shall drink every day two Quarts of the Issence of Malt for fear it Should be the Scurvy comming

Friday 3d.

Moderate and Clear weather —— Latt [*] Long [*] went by the Log the last twenty four hours [*] miles —— manny happy Returns of the day to my beloved Betsey




  ― 227 ―

Saterday 4th.

Moderate weather and hazey with Rain —— latte in [*] Long [*] —— went by the Log this last 24 hours [*] miles

Sunday 5th.

Strong gales and hazy —— a heavy Sea Running from the Westward —— passed Some rock weed —— Several [boobies?] and Land Birds about the Ship —— at about 11 oClock in the forenoon Saw the Land of Terra del Fuigo York Minster bearing NE by N: distant 7 or 8 Leags. —— Latt in [*] Long [*] —— [*] miles

Munday 6th.

Moderate and cloudy weather —— Latt in [*] Long [*] —— went by the Log [*] miles —— the Land in Sight Supposed to be cape Horn —— very cold —— the Hills in Shore coverd with Snow

Tuesday 7th.

Moderate and Clear weather —— the Land Still in Sight —— the later part of this day Rainy very Cold and the people getting Sickly

Wednesday 8th.

Cloudy weather and very cold —— passed some rock weed —— very cold indeed

Thursday 9th.

Moderate weather —— Remarkaby cold —— can hardly keep my self warm

Friday 10th.

Fine moderate weather and Cloudy —— very cold

Saterday 11th.

Moderate weather but at times Rain and very cold

Sunday 12th.

Moderate weather and Rain —— three white Birds lighted in the Mizen Top Sail Yard and was fired at and one of them was wounded and fell on the water —— hoisted out the Boat to pick it up —— the Sailors cals it a Snow Bird it is only wounded in the wing

Munday 13th.

Squaly weather and appears if it was inclinable to blow —— a great Quantity of Rock weed passed the Ship

Tuesday 14th.

Squaly weather and Remarkably cold and blows very hard —— a great number of Birds round the Ship

Wednesday 15th.

Squaly weather and very cold —— blows hard and a great Sea Running from the NNW.




  ― 228 ―

Thursday 16th.

Squaly weather very cold —— Saw a Seal —— Some Rock weed passed the Ship —— a great number of Porpoisses and Birds about the Ship —— my feet and hands all over chill Blains from the cold

Friday 17th.

More Moderate than Yesterday but very cold

Saterday 18th.

Moderate and Cloudy —— Saw 29 Islands of Ice this day —— one of them was a large field of Ice from one Exstream to the other was 18 miles —— it came on to blow very hard towards Evening —— Remarkably cold —— Latt in [*] Long [*] went by the Log [*] miles —— Saw one Pintado Bird to day

Sunday 19th.

Blows Remarkably hard and a great Sea Running —— obliged to bring Too not able to carry Sail —— very Sea Sick —— no observation

Munday 20th.

Much the Same weather —— Laying Too not able to carry Sail it blows So very hard with a most tremendious Sea Running and the weather Remarkably cold

Tuesday 21st.

Blows Still very hard and a great Sea Running —— the Ship Still laying Too

Wednesday 22d.

More Moderate —— Made Sail —— this day departd this life Jude Dougherty one of the Marines wives —— She was only brought to bed two days before we Saild from Port Jackson —— She has left three young Children —— commited the Body to the Deep —— Saw Several Whales to day and a number of Birds Round the Ship —— went by the Log [*] miles

Thursday 23d.

Squaly with Rain —— Saw a number of Birds about the Ship —— Some Rock weed passed the Ship —— went by the Log 254 miles

Friday 24th.

Fresh gales and Cloudy with Rain —— the weather Still very cold —— the people beginning to get the Scurvy —— went by the Log 2[*] miles

Saterday 25th.

Cloudy weather —— I hope if this wind continues to be at the Cape of Good Hope in ten or twelf days —— not So cold as yesterday —— went by the Log [*] miles

Sunday 26th.

Squaly weather —— a number of Birds about the Ship —— went by the Log [*] miles




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Munday 27th.

Moderate and Cloudy —— the people beginning to drop fast —— the weather beginning to grow much warmer —— went by the Log [*] miles

Tuesday 28th.

Moderate & Clear weather —— the weather growing warm Since we have got out of the Latte. of the Ice —— went by the Log 199 miles

Wednesday 29

Fine Moderate weather with a long Swell from the S:W: —— went by the Log [*] miles —— distance from the Cape of Good Hope [*] at this day noon

MAR 1792

March Thursday 1st.

Fine Moderate and pleasent weather —— the Breeze Still continues fair —— went by the Log [*] miles —— distance to day at noon from the Cape of Good Hope [*]

Friday 2d.

Squaly weather and a good dele of Rain —— a great number of Small Birds Round the Ship to day —— went by the Log [*] miles —— distance from the Cape of Good Hope [*]

Friday 2d.

Moderate Breezes with Small Rain —— went by the Log [*] miles —— having now made the Circle of the Globe which is being Returned to the Meridean of Greenwhich again therefore having gaind a day are obliged to drop it and in the Room of its being Saterday the 3d. it is only Friday the Second —— if we did not drop a day the would be 32 days in this month —— I hope to god the Breeze will not leave use as the people are getting very Sickly —— from the C. of G. H. [*]

Saterday 3d.

Moderate Breezes with Rain —— a number of different Kind of Sea Birds Round the Ship —— went by the Log [*] miles —— from the C. of G H [*]

Sunday 4th.

very little wind and inclinable to be Calm —— went by the Log only [*] miles —— distance from the C of G H [*]

Munday 5th.

little wind —— almost a Calm —— went by the Log only [*] miles

Tuesday 6th.

light Airs with Rain —— the Sick list increasing very fast —— hope to god we will get in to the Cape —— two good days Run would bring us there being only [*] miles from it —— went by the Log [*] miles




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Wednesday 7th.

Cloudy weather little wind —— the Sea Smooth —— went by the Log only this last twenty four hours [*] miles —— between forty and fifty of the people very ill with Scurvy

Thursday 8th.

Strong Gales and Squaly with a heavy Swell —— hope this will bring us within Sight of the Cape of Good Hope in couple of days —— went by the Log 214 miles

Friday 9th.

Fine weather —— Still a good fair wind —— went by the Log [*] miles —— Saw Several Birds Round the Ship

Saterday 10th.

Moderate weather and warm —— hope if this Breeze continues to be in the Cape to Morrow

Sunday 11th.

almost a Calm and the Table land in Sight —— only for a little wind to carry use in

Munday 12th.

we came to an Ancher last night in here Table Bay Cape of Good Hope where Several Ships of different Nations are also at Anchor —— we Salluted the Fort which was Returned with the Same number of Guns from the Fort —— Captn. & Mrs. Parker, Majr. Ross, Captn. Campbell &c. &cc. went on Shore after Breakfast to wait on the Govr. —— when the Boats Returnd the Boat brought me a letter from my belovd which was left ther By the Pitt Eastindiaman who is gone on for Port Jackson for which I Return her the thanks of a fond husband —— all the Sick are to goe on Shore —— hope we Shall not Remain long here for I wish much to get home

Tuesday 13th.

Fine weather —— ane American Ship came into the Bay from Bengal bound to Ostend but is to call at Some Port in the Chanell to land ther Passangers and will Sail in the cours of this week —— I Shall write by her to my dear beloved as I think She will get gome Some Time before use —— Dawes brought me a Message on board from Coll. Gordon Saying that he wishes me to come on Shore as Soon as he can as he wishes to See me

APR 1792

April Friday 6th.

Fine weather but little wind for use to get out —— Since the 13 of last month untill this day have not been able to attend to this having mostly all that time been on Shore —— about four oClock this afternoon got under way —— Salluted the Fort which the Fort Returnd NB this afternoon a child belonging to Corpl. Bacon died —— it was ill on Shore




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Saterday 7th.

Fine weather little wind —— the land in Sight

Sunday 8th.

Moderate weather a fine Breeze —— I am in hopes that I shall not be Sea Sick as I have not been Since we have come out this time

Munday 9

Fine weather and a charming Breeze —— went by the Log 175 miles

Tuesday 10

much the Same weather and wind as yesterday —— thank god for it —— hope we shall make but a Short Voyage —— went by the Log 185 miles

Wednesday 11

Charming weather and a fine wind —— went by the Log [*]

Thursday 12

Fine weather and a Charming Trade wind —— went by the Log [*] miles —— hope to See St Helena by Sunday afternoon —— a few of the Small Black Pettrals round the Ship

Friday 13th.

Fine Moderate weather much the Same Kind of weather as Yesterday —— oh how I long to get Home —— I hope that I Shall be there by the 23 of June —— went by the Log [*] miles

Saterday 14th.

Moderate weather —— almost a Calm —— went by the Log [*] miles —— Latt in 21–31 South

Sunday 15th.

Fine moderate weather —— went by the Log [*] miles —— Latt in 20–19 South —— Fish about the Ship

Munday 16th.

Cloudy weather —— went by the Log [*] miles —— Latt in Latt 18–37 South —— distance from St. Helena by the Time Keeper 87 Leags.

Tuesdaynote 17th.

Cloudy weather very warm —— a fine fair windnote —— not think So much of the Heat —— went by the Log [*] miles —— Latt in 16 —— South —— if the wind continues Shall See the Island of St Helena to morrow morning

Wednesday 18th.

Fine Moderate weather —— the Island of St Helena in Sight —— about 8 oClock was close in with it —— Saw three Ships laying in the Road


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—— I am very glad we did not come to an anchor her for it would have been loosing So much time —— from the Ship the Island appears nothing but a barren Rock worse than any part of New South Wales —— about 11 oClock lost Sight of the Land again —— we intend to Stop at the Island a Assention to endeavour to get Some Turtle but I hope we will not throw away any time for I wish every day more and more to get home —— Latt in by observation 13 —— [*] South

Thursday 19

Fine Moderate clear weather —— a great number of Flying fish round the Ship to day —— Latt in 13–48 South —— went by the Log 123 miles

Friday 20th.

Fine weather —— a great number of Flying fish round the Ship —— Faddy caught a Banotoe last night which is the first that has been caught Since we are come into the lattatudes of them —— Latt in [*] South —— went by the Log [*] miles

Saterday 21st.

Fine moderate weather —— this is the most pleasing Sailing that I ever had Running down the Treadsnote and every hour brining near home —— I hope that we Shall carry this Breeze across the Line with use —— a great number of albacors round the Ship and also Flying fish —— Latt in 10–10 S

Sunday 22d.

Fine moderate weather but very hott to day and at night below on the lower Gun deck there is hardly any living for the heat —— Latt [*] went by the Log [*] miles —— a great number of Porpoisses

Munday 23d.

Fine Moderate weather —— the Island of Assention in Sight —— at 11 oClock came to ane anchor in the Road where we found riding ane American Schooner from the Island of St Helena last bound to the West Indias —— had been here only three days —— She had got about 20 Turtle —— before dinner Sent two Boats on Shore to land the people that were to turn the Turtle when the[y] came on Shore in the night —— after dinner I went with two boats to a nother part of the Island where I hauld the Boats up and divid the people in two parties —— the party that I keep with me turnd only one but the other party turnd five —— I did not See on the whole Island a Single Vegetation —— there are goats on the Island but I did not See any —— we Caught a great number of different Kinds a Sea Birds —— the Island is about 20 miles round and hight but it is nothing but a Sinder having being destroyed with fire —— the Party that went with Lieuts Gordin, Rey, Long and Faddy I found had Turnd nine —— returnd on board with our Turtle a little


  ― 233 ―
before dinner —— made a Complaint to Captain Parker of Mr. Analby the Midshipman that went with me for being beastly drunk and impertinent —— this afternoon the other of the twins of Corpo. Bacon died —— Several more of the young children will I am affraid will die —— Fine moderate weather —— have got a cold from Sleeping on the Ground last night

Wednesday 25th.

Fine weather —— this morning the Youngest child died of Serjt. Devan —— after breackfast got under way —— this is I hope the last place we shall Stop at untill we arrive in England —— I wish to God we were got there once

Thursday 26th.

Fine weather —— this day the Youngest child of Serjt. Gelbourn died —— I am very sorry for poor little John he was a fine child —— this Hott weather is playing the devil with the children —— down here it is at Hott as Hell —— I wish to god we had got 20 degrees the other side of the line —— Latt in 6–13 South

Friday 27th.

Fine weather —— a little Breeze but very Hott —— Latt in 4–47 South

Saterday 28

Fine Moderate weather —— as hot as Hell below —— I hope if this little good Breeze continues that we will be out of the Southering Part of the World into that that my loves lives in —— Latt in 3–26 South

Sunday 29th.

Fine Moderate weather —— it Raind very hard in the night —— Latt in 2–10 South —— number of Flying fish round the Ship —— very Hott all last night and is not at hot as it well can be —— the latter part of this day Calm and a great dele of Rain

Munday 30

Calm —— hope to God it will not Remain So long —— Latt in 1–14 South

MAY 1792

May Tuesday 1

a Light Air —— the child of [*] Mapp died in the night and the body of it was committed to the deep this afternoon at four oClock —— two Sharks were caught the morning —— in the Belly of one of the them was found a Prayer Book Quite fresh not a leaf of it defaced on one of the leaves was wrote Francis Carthynote cast for death in the Year 1786 and Repreaved the Same day at four oClock in the afternoon —— as the book was Seemed Quite fresh I think Some Ship must be near use now going out to Botany Bay —— Latt in to day by observation 31 miles


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South from the line —— hope that we shall be in the Same Side of the world that my Betsey is in before twelve oClock at night —— great numbers of Porpoises round the Ship

Wednesday 2

Fine moderate weather —— a little Breeze from the Eastward —— this morning at a little after Six past the line —— thank God I am onc more the Same Hemispher with my Betsey —— latd. in 0–33 miles North from the line —— this day about twelve oClock the Younger boy of Serjt. Devans died —— I made the mistake of Serjt. Devans younger child diyin on the 25 of last month —— it was the Second Child of theres the one that died to day was the Youngest —— the children are going very fast —— the hot weather is the reason of it

Thursday 3

Fine weather —— a gentle Breeze —— Lattd. in 1–40 No. —— Poor Gelbourn is very ill

Friday 4

Squaly weather with a great dele of Rain —— last night the Youngest child of Jno. Turner Private marine died last night and the body was committed to the deep

Saterday 5

all last night Squaly with very hard Rain the whole night and the greatest part of this morning —— very hot Sultry weather —— I wish to god we would get the N:E: Trade —— Latd. in 4–38 No.

Sunday 6th.

Squaly weather with a great dele of Rain all this day —— last night the child beloning to Mary Broad the convict woman who went a way in the fishing Boat from P. Jackson last Year died about four oClock committed the Body to the deep —— Latd. 5–25 No.

Munday 7th.

Calm and very hot —— Several Sharks round the Ship —— Latd. in 5–32 No.

Tuesday 8

Light airs from the Eastward —— at nine oClock last night Spoke a Ship the Prince William Henry from Portsmouth to the Coast of Brazil a Whaling —— Saild from Portsmouth the 6 of April and all was Quite —— She left at the Mother Bank two Ships bound for Botany Bay with Convicts on board —— we Sent a boat on Board of Her and gave them a Turtle in Return they gave use a two three newspaper where in I Saw that a fire had destroyed nearly the whole of Mr. Dunstervils Black House to the amount of 7000£ —— they further informed use that the Supply was not arrived nor Captain Hunter with his people when She Saild




  ― 235 ―

Wednesday 9

a fine fresh Trade —— this will Soon run use home —— a great number of fish round the Ship struck five and caught them with the grains —— Latd. in 6–19 No. —— many Birds round the Ship

Thursday 10

a fine Breeze —— long may it continue So —— a great number of fish round the Ship —— Latt in 8–47 No.

Friday 11

Blows fresh at times but it is a fine wind —— I hope to be home by the Kings Birth day —— I wish we may be obliged to put into Plymouth —— Latd. in 10–49 No. —— Spoke a Brigg an American cald the Betsey of Providence out 35 days bound to Bengal

Saterday 12

much the Same weather as Yesterday —— went by the Log [*] miles —— Latt in 12–48 No.

Sunday 13

Still the Same kind of wind and weather as Yesterday —— Latd. in 15:11 No. —— this day five Years we Saild from England to Botany Bay

Munday 14

Fine weather the Same as Yesterday —— Latd. in 17–52 No. —— this forenoon Mrs. Stuart wife of Serjt. Stuart was brought to bed of a Girl —— the mother and child are both very well

Thursday 15

Fine moderate weather —— Some Gulf weed past the Ship —— Latd. in 26–26 No.

Wednesday 16

Squaly weather —— no observation to day

Thursday 17

Fine moderate and Clear weather —— Past a great Quantity of Gulf weed —— Latd. in 25.26 —— Longd. in 35–06 West

Friday 18

Moderate and Clear weather inclinable to Calm —— Latd. in 27.26 No. —— Longd. in 35.55 W

Saterday 19

Light Airs almost a Calm —— departed this life Mary Hume daughter of Serjt. Hume the only child and was a fine Girl of her age about 3 Years —— Latd. in 27–52

Sunday 20

Calm —— no wind —— Latd. in 28–04 No.




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Munday 21

Calm —— I wish to God that a Breeze would Spring up —— Latd. in 28–00 No. —— we have being going back again four miles

Tuesday 22d.

Calm —— have been dead with Tooth aick —— had it drawn out to day

Wednesday 23

Calm —— ill with a Sweld face

Thursday 24

Calm —— Still a Sweld face —— much better than Yesterday

Friday 25th.

Light airs —— Latd. in 29–39 North

Saterday 26th.

Light airs —— Latd. in 30–47

Sunday 27

little wind —— I wish to Christ a Breeze would Spring up and let use get home —— Latd. 32–13

Munday 28th.

Light airs at times Calm —— Eight large Albicors round the Ship all this day —— Saw also a whale and two Birds —— Latd. in 33–13

Tuesday 29

a Gentle Breeze from the Southward —— Latd. in 34–10 No. —— I hope to God we shall be in England this day forthnight

Wednesday 30th.

a Gentle Breeze from the S:S:W: —— Latd. in 35:35 No. —— Past a Sail this morning early —— She Seemed Standing to the S:E: —— She was to fare to goe that much out of our way to Speak her —— Past Some Plank like the wreck of a Ship

Thursday 31

Moderate Weather —— Latd. in 37–38 No. —— again Passed Some wreck —— departed this life [*] Buckly Boswains mate of the Sirius —— I am Sorry for Poor Buckley althought he was a great Black Guard

JUNE 1792

June Friday 1

Moderate weather —— Latd. in 39–21 No. —— saw the Island of Corva one of the Western Islands —— a fine Breeze —— if this wind continues I hope to be home about the 10 or 12 of this month

Saterday 2d.

Cloudy weather with a fresh Breeze from the S.E. —— Saw a Strang


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Sail —— She Showed dutch Colours —— Latd. in this day [*] —— the Youngest Boy of Serjt. Perry died a little before Sun Set —— committd the Body to the deep

Sunday 3d.

Moderate and Cloudy weather —— wind S:E: —— Saw a Sail —— Latd. in 44.13 No.

Munday 4th.

Light airs and Cloudy —— wind from the N:E: —— two Strang Sails in Sight —— Latd. in 46–16 No.

Tuesday 5th.

Light airs and Cloudy —— wind S:E: —— Saw a Sail in the S:E: Quarter —— Latd. in 46–00 No.

Wednesday 6th.

Light airs and hazey weather —— wind S:E: —— Saw a Strang Sail in the S:E: Quarter —— Latd. in 47.10

Thursday 7

Fresh Breezes and Cloudy with flying Shours —— a Sail in Sight —— thank god we are drawing So near home —— Latd. in 48.44

Friday 8

Cloudy weather —— at time Slight Showers —— the wind is come right in our teeth and Seems inclinable to continue So

Saterday 9

mostly cloudy wett weather —— the wind the Same as Yesterday —— if this wind continues a few days longer we shall be out of all Provisions being now So near home and the wind to come against Use —— little dose the gods know how much I long to get home otherwise they would take compassion on me and Send a fair wind to bring me to all that my heart holds dear on earth

Sunday 10

Cloudy weather and Blows fresh from the S:E: and a great Sea

Munday 11

Haze weather with a fresh Breeze from the N:E:

Tuesday 12

Squaly weather with Rain —— very cold —— not So much Sea yesterday and the day before

Wednesday 13

Moderate weather —— Saw two Strange Sails —— a boat came on board from one of them —— found her to be the Nancy of Dover —— She gave


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use very little news —— She could not inform use if the Supply was arrived or not

Thursday 14

Moderate weather —— little wind from the S:E:

Friday 15

Fresh Breezes and Raining weather —— Several Sails in Sight —— Spoke the Tobola Planter from Jamaica bound to London out Seven weeks

Saterday 16

Squaly weather with Rain —— Several Sails in Sight

Sunday 17

Fine moderate weather —— Several fishing Boats in Sight —— Spoke the Scarcy frigate on a Cruse who informs use that the Supply was arrived and paid off —— thank God then my B..… has got my letters which I sent by her —— Several Sails in Sight —— I wish god that the wind would come foul then we might goe in to Plymouth but there is no hopes of that

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