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February 1787

February. 1st. The Transports joined us; the Complement of women Convicts had been compleated (104) while at Gravesend.

2nd. The weather was so very unsettled & thick that we could not move till 11 AM when it clearing away with a breeze at WSW, sailed immediately, the Supply Armed Tender, Alexander & Lady Penryhne Transports in Company, it soon falling Calm we Anchor'd between the E.t buoy of the Oaze & W. buoy of the Mouse at the entrance of the Nubb Channel in 9f.m water. The 3rd at 7 AM weigh'd & made sail with the wind at SW & run through the Queen's Channel as soon as the Tide flowed sufficiently. It blowing very strong & it being view facsimile

impossible to get into the Downes before night, we Anchored in Margate Road. Sunday. 4th. At 5 AM weigh'd & made sail; at 11 Anchored in the Downes, the wind setting in at SW, Moored the ship. The 5th the wind at SE made the Signal & Unmoored; the Lady Penryhne got under sail & passing near us ask'd permission to go out & Bring too off the Foreland, which was granted on account of her heavy sailing, at 11 AM. we weigh'd with the Supply & Alexander but the wind coming to the So.ward & the flood tide made, we were obliged to Anchor again in the Downes, the Lady Penryhne did not return on our coming to an Anchor altho' near enough to see the Signal plainly. The 6th, the wind being fix'd at SW.t & the weather having a bad appearance Moored the ship & made every preparation to ride out a Gale of wind which came as expected & blew very strong all the 7th. Sunday. 11th. It again blew a Gale of wind at SSW, the Bt B.r anchor came home, the ship did not bring up 'till both Anchors were ahead; we had a cable & half on the Bt B.r at the time, which gave us reason to suppose that our Anchors were not sufficient for the ship or she would not have started with such a scope of Cable when most of the marchant ships held fast. Tuesday. 13th. The Gale abated & the wind came to WNW, Hove up the S.l B.r & got every thing ready to proceed whenever the wind should favour us: The 15th The wind back'd to the sw & by Noon blew a hard Gale of Wind view facsimile

from that Q.r we were again under the necessity of giving the Ship a large scope of Cable & striking every thing close down; several Ships drove this day & the Houghton E.t Indiaman very near us, which obliged us to veer away 2 Cables & let go the S.l Bower to check the ship from [indecipherable word] on board her on the weather side, the Houghton took the first opportunity of the tide making strong to windward to heave both her Anchors up & give us a clear birth.

Saturday 17th Moderate weather, at day light unmoored & got every ready for sailing the moment the wind should favour us; Sunday 18th. Wind at NW moderate breeze weigh'd & made sail but the wind coming to WSW Anchored again. 19th Mod.r Breeze at NW, at 4 AM weigh'd & stood out of the Downes. H.M. armed Tender Supply & Alexander Transport in C.o At 11 the tide being done & falling Calm, anchored off Dungeness, the Lighthouse W1/2S 3 or 4 Miles. By the mean of 23 good observations taken in the Downes I make the Latitude of the S.o Foreland 51°.12′N0. 20th. At 3 PM the tides making to the Wr.ward weigh'd with a light breeze at NW which increased & veered to the N.oward as the evening came on, at 6 passed Dungeness & at day light saw Beachy Head NEbN 6 miles: At Noon Lat. Obs. 50°.321/2′ Beachy Head NE. 4 leagues. 21st P.M. wind variable with thick weather AM at 9 saw the Isle of Wight the weather clear'd up with a mod.r breeze at NE. Thursday 22nd. At 2 PM Anchored at the Mother bank & Moored immediately; found view facsimile

the Scarborough & Lady Penryhne Transports & the 3 Store Ships lying here. Friday. 23rd. The Prince of Wales Transport arrived.

While we lay in the Downes we found it necessary that some alteration should be made in the Hawse peices as the Cables had formerly work'd on the Spar deck with the Windlass & now on the Gun Deck with a Messenger, The shipwrights came on board to make those necessary alterations. The 24th. A party of Marines embarked on board, as did those belonging to the Supply; & that part of the Detachment for the Scarborough Transport.

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