November 1788

November. 2nd. Latitude 55°:18's. 214° E, saw several Whales small Gulls & pintadoe Birds, this day the wind fixed to the N.oward & continued to the 6th, Hazey & rain with some intervals of fair weather; at Noon the 6th. in 56°:11′.S.o view facsimile

Long: 227°:30′Et the wind again came to the E.tward with a clear serene sky, several Pintadoe Birds & Gulls were constantly about the ship, 3 Pintadoe Birds were caught with hook & line over the stern; as soon as they were taken they threw up a quantity of an oily substance; we frequently observed them to feed on some floating matter which appear'd to us to be what might come from the fish & float about upon the surface.

9th: The wind again favour'd us & blew strong w hail & snow.

18: We were under a necessity of putting a stop to the serving of Essence of Malt having been supplyied with so small a quantity, part of which was kept at Port Jackson & the quantity remaining was now not sufficient for those who were attack'd with the Scurvy.

20th: Several porpoises striped black & white were about the Ship & a great quantity of Gulls & many Pintadoe birds.

22nd. At Noon, Latd: 57°:17′ So Long. 280°:10′ Et, saw an Island of Ice in the course of the day pass'd several more, many Whales & a variety of Gulls about the Ship.

24th. Had very hazey W.r with hail & snow, passed between several Islands of Ice: Gulls & pintadoe Birds & a Sea Otter about [t] ship.

25th. Pass'd several very large & high Islands of Ice, had frequent Squalls of hail & snow; AM. Soon after day light several flocks of Ducks & one of Geese flew over the Ship to the N.oward.

 At Noon, we were by Observations of the [sun] & [moon] taken at 8 AM exactly in the Longitude of Cape Horn & by the Meridien Observ.n view facsimile

10 leagues S.o of it: we hauled in NebN & the 26th at 6 PM made the Land on the S.o Coast of Terra del Fuego or the Isl.ds off it, from NbW to WNW then in Lat: 56°:08.S. I take the W.tern extreme of Land to be that about Cape Horn: On making this land the dead reckoning was between 3° & 4° to the E.tward; we took a fresh departure from the Latitude & Longitude observed.

The Timekeeper was near a degree to the E.tward of the observations & had been so the three last setts: It appear'd to be full as much on making the land, but not having an opportunity of determining exactly which point of land was Cape Horn it was continued by the same rate allowed on leaving P.t Jackson. We have some reason to suppose that the cold weather to the S.oward might affect the Timekeeper, as during the winter months at Port Jackson, the rate of losing increased to 7" pr day & before we sailed had regularly come back to 4".77 at which it was fixed. We have always kept the result of the Lunar Observations carried on by the daily difference of Longitude, or as often as the weather would permit, given by the Timekeeper between the times of those Observations: We observ'd the variation of the Compass off Cape Horn 25°:00′ E.t. As we approach'd Cape Horn we kept the parallel of 56°:30′ S. to see if the Island called Diego Ramirez was, or was not there to be found: There is not any Island so situated, it was clear enough for us to see land 7 or 8 leagues, the whole day. view facsimile

We conclude that in the Old Charts it is misplaced & that it is Barnevells Isle which is near the shore in Capn Cooks chart: In the Vol. of Dr. Hawkesworth which relates to that part of Capn Cooks first voyage is a Chart which calls an Island, Diego Ramirez laying S.o or SbW from Cape Horn in Lat.d 56°:30′ S.o: After passing Cape Horn, the wind which had been blowing strong for several days from the SW & NW, changed & became variable w fine moderate weather, from this to the 1st of December had mostly N.o & E.terly winds, with very unsettled weather, frequently Squally with very thick fog & rain, sometimes light breezes & suddenly blowing strong: Many Ice Islands, Gannets, Gulls & one Ice Bird about the ship, passed a great quantity of sea weed. The 9th the wind came to the W.ward & blowed view facsimile

strong with fair weather, to the 13th the weather very unsettled & a great number of Ice Islands in all directions. the 13th we passed a very high one which by the ships run as a base & the angles measured was found to be 3 Miles in length: this day one of the Seamen died of scurvy which was now getting head very fast, the sick list increased to 30 & the whole Ships Company appears to be tainted with that disease, it is not to be wondered at when it is considered that they had been now more than a year without any supply of Fresh Provisions or Vegetables.