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February 1789

Were both ready for Sea & at Single Anchor the middle of Dec′r.

Wednesday.18th . The Alexander arrived, We found by Lieut. Shortland that the accounts given by the Dutch Frigate correspond with his account of their distresses.

Lieut. Shortland discover'd a dry sand bank with a shoal of considerable extent & an Island on the Coast of New South Wales; the sand bank he fixes in 29(:20(.S. 158( 48( Et. Which he called Middleton's Shoal: The Island he fixes in 28(:10(.So. 159(.50( Et. Lies from the Shoal by their run N35(E 97 miles this he named Sr.Chas. Middleton's Island.

Thursday. 19th : The Haspy So.Sea Whaler arrived, she left England in October, by her we hear that there had not any Transport been taken up New South Wales but that they only waited for the accounts of our Arrival In that country.

Friday. 20th : Having taken in as much of those articles as were most wanted at Port Jackson as the Ship could stow, at 10 AM weighed & made sail, at Noon were hauling out round the No. end of Roben Island, from which to the 10th of March, we had unfavorable winds, we also experienced very strong & strange Currents for until 5th they run to the NW & when in Lat'd. 40(.S. Long′ 20( Et. They took a turn & set with greater force to the Et. & SE: The 5th the weather was very unsettled & fogs banks very like 2 Islands. It came on to blow a Gale of wind suddenly at So. & continued between So. view facsimile

& to the 9th. On the 10th. The weather clear'd up with a fresh gale at SW in Latd. 41(:52(.S. Long'd.22(:11( E & but little current by the Timekeeper; the 12th. It fell calm, after which a fresh gale sprung up at NE & blowed a Hard Gale of Wind on the 15th on which day it shifted to NW in a heavy squall. The Wind continued between NNE, SW & Wt. to the 7th. April with few & short intervals of SW winds, which usually came after heavy rain with the NW winds; during this time we had very unsettled weather with some hard Gales, violent squalls & a very high confused Sea. The 22nd of March it blowed so hard & the sea so high & irregular that altho' the wind was abaft the beam the ship could not bear the reef'd Foresail, this obliged us to bring too under the balanced Mizen for some hours till the sea became more regular.

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