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December 1789

Tuesday. Decr. 1: The 1st. Lieut. & Master of the Sirius were sent the examine the NW branch of Botany Bay, on the 5th returned I found it to be a Creek of about 8 Miles length to the NW with a winding shoal Channel & end in a drain to a swamp, all salt water: Saw several Natives in small parties, they would not come near us; On our return we landed in a bay about 3 Miles to the No.ward pf Botany Bay, the wind was fresh & a considerable swell right on the shore, yet we landed smooth at the beach where there is a fine Run of Water the inner Pts. of this Bay are open from SEbS to ESE, the water shoaling gradually wt. soft bottom to the beach the inner points which break the Sea off are about a Cable or Cable & half across & 5 fathom water Midchannel, within the outer Pt. Is 7 fm. from which it runs up rather more than 1/2 Mile to the NW & is a very good place for a Boat to stop in going along shore & night coming on, or a contrary tide coming on.

Wednesday.9th: Lieut. Dawes with a party went to Rose Hill for the purpose of penetrating to the Wt.ward towards the Mountains.

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Saturday.12th: Notwithstanding the two Natives had got themselves loose several times & were prevented from escaping, Colbey this evening got away by the very same means which had before been detected, the Man who had charge of him was severely punish'd for his neglect, & the Man who had charge of Benallon was now chain by the wrist, the other end being fasten'd to the shackle on Benallon's leg instead of a rope which was before used: Benallon was nearly loose when the other was miss'd & in a minute more would have been after him, he was much alarmed, no doubt expecting punishment or to be put to death: in the course of two or three days he became quite composed, & seem reconciled better to his situation than before; He came on board the Sirius without the smallest apprehensions for his safety; He looked with attention at every part of the Ship & expressed much astonishment particularly at the Cables.

Thursday.17. Mr. Dawes & party return'd found it impracticable to get near the Mountains in the direction which they went.

Tuesday.22. The Supply arrived from Norfolk Island: She brought very favorable accounts of the Crops of Corn; called at Lord Howes Island, very little success in getting Turtle.

Sunday.27th, Mr.King 2nd Lieut. Of the Sirius being established by the Governor, Commandant at Norfolk Island was discharged from the Ship & Mr.Maxwel 3d. Lieut. being Insane was invalided view facsimile

Mr. Newton Fowell & Mr. Henry Waterhouse were appointed to act as second & third Lieutenants.

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