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June 1790

Tuesday. June 1st: Went out to sound between Nepean Island & the East point of Sydney Bay about those Rocks which I was on with the boat the 22nd. of last month, found a flat with 5fm. round the rock nearest the Island & discover'd the bottom to be full of spiral rocks or large stones laying on a flat Coral bed, these Rocks lie just at the edge of a Bed of Rocks which appear to spread nearly over to Nepean Island the sounding very irregular, on the rock next to Pt. Hunter 3 1/2 & on thatview facsimile

nearest Nepean Island only 2 1/2 fm.. I crossed the Channel & found the bottom very uneven & all Rocky, & although I had not less then 5 fathom except on those rocks beforemention'd I think it probable that in many parts there may be much less from the rippling of the tide & from the breakers which we see in bad weather; I also went along by the Island to try for a passage, the sounds within 1/2 a Cables length of it are more regular than any other part of the Channel 7 & 6 fm. but the tide making very strong prevented my being able to determine whether there was a safe passage through or not, The Supply has gone through but I think it rather dangerous, the rocks which are known are so small that many of the same kind may have as yet been passed over without being noticed.

Wednesday.2nd; A large patch of level ground about 2 Miles to the Westward, which was said could easily be clear'd was fix'd on as an elligible situation to detach some people to for that purpose.

Friday.4th: At Noon, the Detachment of Marines fired 3 vollies in honour of the Day.

Tuesday.15. The Fishing Boat was suddenly overtaken by a Gale of Wind, that she could not reach the landing place in Sydney Bay or land if she could have got to windward which obliged them to run under the lee of the Island.

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Our People were sent over & had the good luck to save the Boat by hauling her up in Balls Bay on the Et. end of the Island.

Thursday.17. A Captain & Company of Marines & a party of Convicts were detach'd to the ground lately discover'd, for the purpose of cleaning it for Cultivation: It was named Charlotte Feild.

Wednesday. 23. The Coble was launched from Balls Bay & brought round, this was the first day that it was practicable on account of the Surf since the day that she was obliged to run to leeward of the Island.

Thursday 24th: Got some empty Casks from the Ship, she was found to be bulged the whole way fore & aft on both sides & the keel broke right up into the after hold

Tuesday.29th: The Fishing business was given into charge of the Officers & People belonging to the Sirius, that the two Crews of Convicts kept for the Coble might be turn'd to cleaning ground; We also made hooks & lines for carrying it on with. The Birds at Mount Pitt are yet taken in the usual quantities without appearing to have diminished in their numbers, which has already far surpass'd every thing we can have an Idea of, but the Divine Hand of Providence; Fish we have been very badly off for this Month being mostly high Surf.

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Saturday Monday.19th. The reduced state of the Provisions Store made it absolutely necessary that the issuing Salt Provisions however small the Ration should be stopt while any Birds were to be had.

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