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April 1791

On Monday the 28th March We sailed out of the Harbour with a light land breeze, as we stood off shore we saw the Column or Land Mark on the So. Head to the distance of 6 leags. Yet I think a Stranger who did not exactly know where to look for it would not discover it at more than half that distance except coming along the Shore from the Southward. We were to have called at Norfolk Island in our way to the No.ward, but were so unfortunate as to be driven to the So.ward two degrees by a series of contrary winds & bad weather & which prevented our making any progress to the No.ward 'till the 14th of April when the wind came to the So.ward. & hauling round to the SE & Et.ward. as we approach'd Norfolk Island forced us 20 leagues to leeward of it when we crossed its Parallel, which circumstance together with that of the wind appearing to be steady & fixed at East, it was determined not to lose time in endeavoring to beat up to it, but proceed immediately on our view facsimile

Voyage, intending to pass to the So.ward & Et.ward of New Caledonia but the wind inclining continued so far to the Eastward that on the 23rd. we made the Isle of Pines & could not weather it; We stood off for the night & in again at daylight & finding that we could not get to windward of it we bore away at 9 O'clock to run to the Wt'ward.

Sunday. 24th: Standing along by the shore passed 5 low Islands which seem'd to encircled by a Reef, At 1/2 pt. 2PM: We hauled off without the outermost land then in sight, about 4 Breakers were seen to the SbW & soon after to the SW & more to the Wt. & seem'd to be connected having some small Islands within it; We now discover'd that we had mistaken the Isle of Pines for Queen Charlottes Foreland & that we had got into the bight between the Isle of Pines & the Shoals to the SW of it, the Wind & a great Swell setting right over them, our situation was very dangerous; We continued all night to work the Ship with a great press of Sail to keep her to windward in which we succeeded so well as to be able to stretch along the Reef at daylight & passed the So. extremity of it at 10 AM at 3 Miles distant; Near the So.ext. is a considerable opening & smooth water within it, over which the Reef was seen to the NW as far as the eye could reach from the MastHead. We did not see breakers close home to the Foreland but from some small Islands shewing themselves between it & the view facsimile

Breakers which we saw, gave us reason to suppose that it is one extensive Reef from that land running about SEbS 32 Miles to the So. Extremity round which we passed; & lies from the Highland of the Isle of Pines SWbS1/4W by Compass 29 Miles & is in 23°:00'so.Lat: 167°:17′Et.Long.&c, according to our Longitude corrected; It is a very dangerous Reef & appears to be on considerable breadth. The SE Trade appeared steady which with which we steer'd to the No.ward giving the West side of New Caledonia a reasonable birth; On the 29th the Trade freshen'd into a Gale with very squally weather in Latd.20:39 Longte. 162:18 Et. & continued, sometimes blowing very strong with much rain, till the 5th May in 11°:56's...163°:58′Et., At 8PM it suddenly fell Calm & variable light Airs; After which we had moderate breezes with frequent Squalls & variable winds; We passed between Queen Charlottes Islands & the Land discover'd by Lieut. Ball in the Supply last year with seeing either. Our Longitude when we pass'd the Parellel of Gonont Island was nearly the same as Capt. Carteret had fixed West Coast of that Island to lie in; Our Longitude being determined from Observations taken some days before & after I am inclined to think the error is likely to be with him & that He has placed them too far too the Wt.ward; how much is impossible for us to say, but it was observed view facsimile

that nearly about passing the parallel of those Islands we had every indication of Land being very near us to the Et.ward.

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