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July 1791

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Thursday.14th:The wind hauling round to the Et. & No.ward we could not pass to the Et.ward of a Group of the New Carolines which were near, we therefore run close along to the So.ward of them, but it being thick rainy weather we did not see any of them 'till the 18th when we discover'd Land & which proved to the Et. West most of the Caroline Islands At Noon they were seen to be 3 Islands & a rock above water the No.part of the middle Island which is the largest & has some high Land upon it lies in 9°:35′N. ..137°:39′Et. by Obsn . of the Moon & [stars] at 10 the following evening, they are well cover'd with Trees of which we had but an imperfect sight as we passed at 19 Miles distance from the nearest; At 1/2 pt. 4 when the largest Island bore S13°W pr. Compass 24 Miles we came suddenly over a ledge of Rocks, saw the bottom very plain & had 15 fm. but I think we were in less water before the lead was hove, this ledge appear'd to extend to a considerable distance both to the No. & So. of us in a NbE & SbW direction, we stood on our Course NWbW & in about 10 minutes had no Soundings, I suppose it to be 2 or 3 Cables length in breadth & every appearance of deep water round it, there was a considerable Swell & had it communicated with the Islands in sight, I think we should have seen breakers between us & the Shore, of which there was no appearance all round; These Islands are called Ladda in the Old Charts view facsimile

& are to SW of the Groups called the New Carolines. It was now judged more elligible to alter our route & instead of going to Macao, to go for the Port of Manilla; we accordingly shaped a Course for Cape Espintu Sancto at the entrance of the Channel leading to it; the wind favour'd us 'till Sunday the 24th in Latd. 11°:57′No. ..131°:27′Et., when it came to the No.ward & then round to the Wt.ward wt. Squally Wtr. The 26th. It increased to a strong Gale with which we kept on the Tack that would keep us most in with the Land, the Gale blew with great violence 'till the 29th with very heavy Squalls; The weather clear'd up with SSW wind & continued with moderate weather & a few Squalls between SSW & West of which changes we took every advantage, to get in with the Land:

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