previous
next

September 1791

30th at 6 PM Saw the Et. Coast of Borneo bearing WSW 12 leagues & the Taba Island (the So.most) WNW 4 leags. We had then run 93 Miles from the NW Pt. of Celebes on nearly a West Course, which differs considerably from Capt. Carterets run in the Swallow, At. 10 AM Saw both shores being then in Latitude 1°:00′N & which I take to be the narrowest part of the streight & which by Observations & bearings taken I make 70 Miles: The Mountains shew on both sides before you see the Land of the Sea Coast; the Wind when we had any was cheifly from the So. to SW & sometimes light Land winds for a few hours from the Celebes shore. We view facsimile

cross'd the Line Sepr. 2nd. In Longitude 119°:25′Et. at 13 Miles distance from an Island laying under the Line & close to the Celebes shore, having Light airs & Calm we made very little progress. On the 7th at Noon Saw a Point on the Celebes shore bearing East 8 leagues which was the So.most part of it that we saw & lies in 1°:47'so. .. 119°:19′Et. by Observation.

The 9th: Standing over towards Borneo, at day light saw breakers to the SWbW & an Island behind them; At Noon the Island bore WSW & was seen over a range of very heavy breakers, with some rocks shewing above water, which I take to be the NE part of the shoals & from which we were then 3 Miles: That part lays in Latde. 2°:57'so. .. 117°:57′Et. We could not ascertain the situation of the Island not knowing the distance it was at the back of the reef; It appear'd to be surrounded with very dangerous shoals extending some Miles both to the NW & SE of that part to which we were nearest: We had 35 fm. sandy bottom 12 Miles to the NEbE of them. They are call'd the Triangles in the Dutch Chart, but no notice seems to be taken of them in ours, unless they are there called the little Pater Nosters & then they are very erroneously placed: We cross'd the whole of their extent in Latitude in the day time 2°:15′ to 2°: 31′ So. as given by Capt Carteret at the distance of 10 to 18 leagues from the Celebes Shore with seeing any thing & run between 80 & 90 Miles view facsimile

We cross'd the Line Sepr. 2nd. In Longitude 119°:25′Et. at 13 Miles distance from an Island laying under the Line & close to the Celebes shore, having Light airs & Calm we made very little progress. On the 7th at Noon Saw a Point on the Celebes shore bearing East 8 leagues which was the So.most part of it that we saw & lies in 1°:47'so. .. 119°:19′Et. by Observation.

The 9th: Standing over towards Borneo, at day light saw breakers to the SWbW & an Island behind them; At Noon the Island bore WSW & was seen over a range of very heavy breakers, with some rocks shewing above water, which I take to be the NE part of the shoals & from which we were then 3 Miles: That part lays in Latde. 2°:57'so. .. 117°:57′Et. We could not ascertain the situation of the Island not knowing the distance it was at the back of the reef; It appear'd to be surrounded with very dangerous shoals extending some Miles both to the NW & SE of that part to which we were nearest: We had 35 fm. sandy bottom 12 Miles to the NEbE of them. They are call'd the Triangles in the Dutch Chart, but no notice seems to be taken of them in ours, unless they are there called the little Pater Nosters & then they are very erroneously placed: We cross'd the whole of their extent in Latitude in the day time 2°:15′ to 2°: 31′ So. as given by Capt Carteret at the distance of 10 to 18 leagues from the Celebes Shore with seeing any thing & run between 80 & 90 Miles view facsimile

Being only a dry low Sand Bank of small extent It lies in 3°:35'so. .. 1187deg;:01′Et. by [moon] & [stars] & bears from the Triangles So.6°E 38 Miles: AM. At daylight saw Land bearing WSW1/2W 3 leags. which we soon discovered to be some small Islands called the Brothers, laying off the large Island Po. Laudt on the SE end of Borneo, they bear from the shoal S84°W 59 Miles: After passing the Spit to the So.ward of the Sand bank we had 22 & 20 fm. Sand & Mud all across to the Brothers & 17 when within 3 Miles of them, they are in 3°:41'so. .. 117°:02′Et.

Monday.12th. We found that the swell & a strong indraught between Po. Laudt & Borneo carry the Ship in upon the shore that laying up SWbS we could not clear the land; We stood into 12 fm. & then stretch'd off in hopes of getting out to the Et.ward of the Brothers again, which we could not accomplish 'till the 13th. in the AM, At Noon on which day they bore WSW 16 Miles so that we were again carried into the Streight after having supposed ourselves clear. While between the Brothers & Borneo we found the sounding very regular from 20 to 12 fm. blue mud; at the dist. of 7 to 2 leagues from the shore. The Shore of Borneo appear'd low & woody with many openings & some Islands laying off between Po. Laudt & Borneo; there is a hill which shews over the lowland & is the only high land that we saw between Po. Laudt & a projecting point which we take to be view facsimile

the South Pt. of Borneo & it is a low woody Point; We saw Land without it to the SW which appear'd to us to be Islands, on one of which is two Mountains or very high hills exactly resembling each other, this was supposed by some to be the South Pt. of Borneo; I think it doubtful which of the two is the So.Pt. this last mentioned in Lat: 4°:14'so. 116°:20′Et. or the low Woody Pt. beforementioned in 3deg;:59'so. .. 116°:34′Et.

The 14th & 15th: We endeavor'd to work up to the SW but lost ground the wind inclining to the Wt.ward of So. & a great swell running in upon the shore; We were then under a necessity of stretching out to the Et.ward as the only chance of getting far enough to the So.ward to weather the Brothers of So. part of Borneo; We fell to the No.ward of the sand bank Zeelandt & at 8 AM the 17th saw it bearing WbS 5 or 6 Mile, from which I judge that we passed to the No.ward of it in the night at 5 or 6 Miles disce. making an EbN or ENE1/2E Course from the Brothers & had from 17 to 25 fm. across & 28 to 30 passing along to the Et.ward of it at 4 1/2 Miles distance, the wind favoring us we stretch'd to the So.ward & had 30 fm. at Noon the Sand Bank bearing NbE. 12 Miles. It is very low & appears to be just a heap of sand, we did not see any thing like a bush upon it & cannot be seen more than 6 or 7 Mile from a Ship's deck: There appears to be good soundings to it on all sides except the So. off which runs the Spit that view facsimile

we pass'd over; & from the Rocks that we then saw laying on the bottom & the irregular soundings, I think the South side should be passed with great caution & not within 7 Miles. We were just a week from having pass'd it the first time & found the situation we had then fixed it in, to correspond with our run this time from the Brothers & which is settled by several Lunar Observations.

Sunday. 18th. At Noon, In Latitude 4°:03'so. & 117°:48′Et. I consider ourselves clear of the Streight of Macasser in which we were 24 days from making the NW Pt. of Celebes. I would not by any means recommend this passage for Ships bound to the Wt.ward, the SW wind being so prevalent all through & indeed we found them at times as far to the Et.ward as St.George Channel & after passing through it we were forced to the No.ward of the Admiralty Islands by SW winds & after laying more than 4 weeks becalm'd & swept away to the Et.ward by a Current, the SW wind again prevail'd with which we stood to the No.ward , had the easterly trade for a day or two in 9°Latd.No. & then found the SW Monsoon meet us again along to the So.ward of the New Carolines, Coast of Mindanao & through the Streight of Macasser. We saw many Proas, all of which appear'd to be for Plunder as they never kept a steady Course as if bound on any Trade.

view facsimile

Latitudes & Longitudes: Streight of Maccaser:

NW Pt. of Celebes .......1°:19′N. 121°:02′E. To the Et.most part
of Borneo seen by us W.81 1/2 °:W. ......... 133 Miles.
Taba Islands So.most of them ...... 1°:29′N. ..119°:17′Et. Lie from
NW Pt. of Celebes W1/2 N. .........105 Miles.

           
Land near the Et point of Borneo  1°:00′No. .. 118°:50′Et. 
Opposite the Celebes shore  1 :00 . .......  120: 00 
A small Island under the Celebes shore   0 :00 ........  119: 38 
So. part of Celebes seen  1:47So. ....  .119: 19 
Triangles; NE part of the Shoals  2:57 ......   117: 57 
Sand bank, Zeelandt  3:35 ......   118: 01 
Brothers  3:41 ......   117: 02 
Triangles to the Sand Bank.   S.6°Et.   38 Miles 
Sand Bank to the Brothers.   S.84°W   59 Miles  
So. Pt of Borneo, Low woody point   {3°:59′ So.   ....116°:34′ Et. 
So.most Land; 2 remarkable hills   {4 :14 ........... 116 : 20 

Monday 19th: AM At 9. Saw rocks under the ships bottom; sounded. 10, 9, 12 fm. in a quarter of an hour had deep water again, Saw the shoal extend some miles to the NNW & SSE of us that to the So.ward appear'd very shoal that part which we pass'd over is in 4°:36'so. .. 117°:19′Et. by [sun] & [moon] & no Land in sight from the Mast Head

Tuesday.20th. Saw Land bearing from WbN to WbS 6 or 7 leagues view facsimile

which we suppose to be Little Po. Laudt, we saw as large & a small Island, the SE Part of which is in 4°:53'so. ..116°:16′Et.. We passed to the So.ward of them & had 25 fm. Muddy bottom:

Wednesday. 21st.: At 12 PM. Saw Solombo NNW 3 or 4 Miles, the Soundings between little Po. Laudt & it were from 25, 28, 20, 18 & 16 when abreast of Solombo & soon after we pass'd it 32. I make the So. side of Solombo 5°:41'so. ..114°:14′Et. by [sun] & [moon].

Friday.23rd: At 6.AM Saw Carimon Java brg. West 6 or 7 leagues. We passed to the So.ward of them at 4 or 5 leagues distance: Carimon Java appears to be a large Island with 2 rem'ble hills upon it, with several small Islands laying off both to the Et.ward & Wt.ward & several rocks above water scatter'd about the Islands: The Latitude of the middle of the So. side of the large Island is 5°:51'so. & Longitude 110°:35′Et. they are several Miles in Circuit.

Saturday. 24th. AM Soon after Sunrise a very sudden change in the weather (which was clear & serene) took place Clouds came very fast from over the Land with several whirlwindspools all about, two of which pass'd very near the Vessel, these were succeeded by tremendous Water Spouts which drove the Water up as high as our lower Mast heads in a foam all round them & making a rapid progress along the Water, two of these came very near us at which we fired 2 Shot, without effect; they pass'd clear to leeward view facsimile

& in half an hour afterwards dispersed, when the weather clear'd up again.

Sunday. 25th. At 5PM. Saw the land of Java WbS & the Boomkins NW 9 or 10 Miles: They are two low Islands laying about NNW & SSE of each other cover'd with Trees; there is a Reef laying off to the No.ward of them on which is some rocks above water. We pass'd 8 Miles to the So.ward of the innermost: the middle of the So. side of which is in 5°:55′No. Longde. ..108°:37′Et.

From Solombo to Carimon Java, is S87°:23′W ...........219 Miles
   " Carimon Java to the Boomkins S88°:40′W ...........118
   " Boomkins to Carawary Pt. S86°:42′W ........... 87.
By our Observations the Boomkins appear to be much misplaced in the Directory, as are
Solombo & Carimon Java with respect to Latitude.

Monday. 26th. Pass'd several Ships & Vessels working along shore to the Et.ward, at Sunset, saw Carawary Pt. S.55°W 4 or 5 leags. the Pt. next to the Et.ward of Carawang Pt. has some remarkable Trees on it which look like Ships at an Anchor & is a very good mark coming from the Et.ward along the Coast of Java to know when you are near Carawary Pt.

Tuesday. 27th: At 5PM. Anchored in Batavia Road in 3 fm. found several Dutch Indiamen, 2 French Ships & an English Snow belonging to Bombay laying there. Edam. N17°E Onrust N46°W. Church at Batavia S12°E 1 Mile from the shore.

view facsimile

We were 26 weeks from Port Jackson & arrived with the whole Ships Company in good health. By the Commander of the English Snow we heard of the War in India & of the Fleet fitted out in consequence of the dispute with Spain, of the Great Naval Promotion & that the Gorgon with the Lt.Governor for New South Wales & the other Ships for Port Jackson were at the Cape of Good Hope in August last.

Thursday. 29th: The Vessel went to Onrust to be refitted for the Voyage to Europe: & returned to Europe Batavia the 12th October on which day a Squadron of Dutch Men of War arrived.

previous
next