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October 1791

Saturday. 15th Octr. The Dutch Master of the Waakzaamheyd was turn'd out of her for Insolent & other improper behaviour behaviour & his Crew all previously discharged agreeable to the Contract made between him & Governor Phillip, the English Colours & Pendant were hoisted the Ship being left to the direction of Capt. Hunter We had hitherto continued healthy but now began to feel the effects of the Climate which is certainly one of the worst in the World & had been particularly so these last 2 years the number which have died at Batavia in that time is incredible & not to be ascertain'd with certainty. At Onrust which may be consider'd their Dockyard where they heave their Ships down & view facsimile

repair all defects they have now only 200 Carpenters & other artificers & Labourers left out of 2000 which were employed there 2 years ago, that they have lost 1800 on the Island, besides the Supplies of some few which every Indiaman from Holland brings out with them for that purpose the Master Carpenter told me, that He was one of the only 5 European Carpenters left alive there: We were told at Batavia on our arrival that the sickness was just then inconsiderable to what it had been & from what our Officers saw, who lived ashore at Batavia the Mortall)ity was then very great.

Thursday. 20th: AM Sailed from Batavia Road but having some Stores to take in at Onrust we anchor'd there about Noon & on the 22nd. At daylight Sailed & stood out to the Wt.ward between Middleburg & Ontory Java; not being able to weather the shoal point off Man Eaters Island. We anchored at Noon in 4 1/2 fm. Sand & Mud the Beacon on the Spit brg. SWbW 1/2 Mile & Maneaters Island WSW; Sent the Master to examine the Channel, found it a very good one; We found the Shoals had marks on them, but some being beacons, & others Buoys we were sometimes a little at a loss but pass'd very well through by a Dutch Chart which we got at Batavia; the next morning we weigh'd & stood to the Wt.ward with the Land Wind between Pulo view facsimile

Baby & Bantam Point: but not being able to weather St.Nicholas Pt. when the Sea breeze came in we anchored off it in 22 fm. The Pt. bearing WSW 2 Miles. While at anchor we found a strong Wt.ly current & at day light weigh'd again, working to the SW through the Streight of Sunda.

Tuesday 25th: PM. Spoke an English Ship from Bombay, bound to Batavia; by Her we heard that all was Peace in Europe: A Dutch Boat came on board soon after from Anger Point, with Turtle &c. to sell, there was a Dutchman in her who brought a book to take an account of the Ships name &c.: By examining this Book for English Ships that might have pass'd the Streight lately; we found that the Leopard Capt. Blankett with a small Squadron & Convoy from China amongst which were the 5 Ships from Port Jackson has pass'd this Streight in April last. The wind fixing at SSE we continued to work to windward through the Streight which we clear'd the 26th. having Java Head E1/2S 8 or 9 Leagues: At 6 AM. The 26th. the Weather became Squally with rain & continued so till the 30th. in 10°So. Latde. When the SE trade appear'd to be fixed & blew a steady Fresh Gale.

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