previous
next

December 1791

December 14th. At 4 AM. In Latde. 35°:53'so. Longde. 21°:59′Et. got soundings 70 fm. Sand & Mud, Cape Lagullas then bearing N51°:45′W true brg. 36 leagues & had 27 1/2°;Wt. variation, from which situation we steer'd NWbW pr. Compass 24 Miles, NW 22 & had 53 fm. Sand & Stones, then NbW 26 & had 60 fm. coarse sand & stones then NbW 26 and had 60 fm. coarse sand & broken shells: We then hauled in NNE at 5 AM the 15th & after running 10 Miles saw the Land from NNW to NNE off shore 6 or 7 leagues. We then steer'd NW 20 Miles inclining in with the Land to Noon at which time we knew to be Cape Lagulhas & bore NbW by Compass 4 leagues & which by Observation I make in Lat view facsimile

34°:46'so. from which & taking its Longitude 20°:15′Et. of Greenw'h. the situation of the Ship at 4AM the 14th is reduced back by the Log. Cape Lagulhas (the most So.ern part of the Land forming it) is a low Sandy Point, the land moderately high behind it & coming from the SE has much the appearance of being a sandy beach in a bend of the Coast which falls in a bight to the NE round it but as you come near the shore makes in a projecting Point & is the most So.ern point of the whole Coast. It may also be known by the Gunners Quoin which is a high hill about 4 leagues to the Wt.ward of it much resembling the Bill of Portland when to the Et.ward of Wt.wd. of it, but loses its remarkable appearance when abreast of it. For a considerable distance both to the Et. & Wt.ward of Cape Laghulas at the distance of 4 leagues from the Shore the water was of a green muddy colour & appear'd to be shoal, but as we did not heave the lead, can only judge from the appearance.

16th. Decr. At 8 AM Pass'd the Cape of Good Hope at 7 or 8 Miles distance with a fresh Gale at SE: Saw the Bellows break very high.

Saturday. 17th. PM. Standing in for Table Bay, met the SE wind out of the Bay so strong that it obliged us to Anchor 2 Miles to the No.ward of the proper Anchorage. We saw

view facsimile

an English Ship of War & Brig in the Road: A Boat from the Ship soon informed us that it was the Providence Sloop & Assistant Brig going to the Society Islands for the Bread fruit plants. The Providence commanded by Capt. Bligh who soon after his return to England when forced away from the Bounty, was made Port Captain & these Vessels fitted out for the same Voyage. We found also that the Pitt Indiaman was in the Road bound to New South Wales. She had on board Major Grosse the New Lieut.Governor of that Territory with part of his Corp. & Men & Women Convicts. By meeting with these Ships we got accounts from England to the latter end of July which in our situation was very Interesting. We foundheard that the Gorgon had sailed from the Cape last July & that al the other Ships for New South Wales had passed all well. We made several unsuccessful attempts to get up to the Anchorage off the Cape Town but & lost ground every time & on the 20th at 4 PM. It blew so violent that we found the Ship would not ride with 2 Anchors ahead & a whole Cable upon each, we therefore cut & run out to Sea (to prevent driving too near the No. shore & then not be able to do it) to the No.ward of Roben Island & were so fortunate as to regain the Bay & anchor off the Cape Town view facsimile

the 22nd. at 6PM: We stood in for Bay with the Signal of Distress & had every assistance from the Providence & other Ships that could be given & before dark got an Anchor & Cable from the Shore with which we moored.

Friday.23rd. The Swan Sloop of War arrived from England bound to the Et. Indies, sailed from England 23 Sepr. last. The same evening the Providence & Assistant sailed on their Voyage.

previous
next