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September 1787

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1st: Being ready for sea, the Astronomical Instruments were got on board; the rate of the Timekeeper was determined by 12 days Observations, losing 2",28 pr day

2: Captain Phillip with the Officers took leave of the Viceroy & on the 4th. at day light weigh'd & made sail with a light breeze from the N.o ward; at 7 & before we were the length of Santa Cruz, that Fort saluted us with 21 Guns which last & great mark of respect was immediately returned with the same number from the Sirius, this was no doubt a return to the Compliment which we paid them on the Prince of Brazil's Birth day. When we were without the Harbour the Master of the Port left us. Plants of almost every kind the Country produced were procured for Capt Phillip, amongst which were the Cochineal, Coffee Jalup, Citron, Tobacco, Cocoa, Oranges of different sorts, Limes sweet Lemons, Bananas, Guavas; & seeds of those that were not so easily removed in Trees or Plants.

Soon after we left the Harbour we saw 2 Sail, Tack'd & stood toward them; the Supply spoke the nearest, a Portuguese ship from Oporto bound to Rio Janeiro sailed in June, had no other news than that of the Viceroy being superceded in the Government of the Brazil & that the arrival of the new Viceroy might be daily expected.

5th: At 4 PM. Took our departure from the Sugar Loaf at the entrance of Rio Janeiro. bearing NW1/2W pr Compass 5 or 6 leagues.

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Bearings &c. taken going in & out, by Compass.

        
False Sugar Loaf on w the W.n most Marica Island  WNW1/4W. 
True Sugar Loaf, d.o  Marica Islands in one  NEbN 
Islands Raza & Rodondo in one  WSW3/4W 
Raze just open to the S.o ward of Rodondo  WSW 
Corkavado is between Rodondo & Raze when Rodondo is  WNW1/2W 
Corkavado coming on with Rodondo  NWbW1/2W 
Maricas just opening of the E.t most Payas   E1/2S. 
Rodondo half way between the Sugar Loaf & Island off it  SSW. 

To the 6th. we had light variable breezes, when it fixed at E.t & NE with a fresh gale which carried us into 26°S.o & 39°W; then changed to SW in a very hard squall with heavy rain, Thunder & Light'ning at 2 AM the 8th from which time until the 20th had favorable winds, frequently shifting from No, NW to SW & S.o & sometimes blowing strong.

20th: In Lat: 32° S.o..25° W. had the wind from SE to E.t on the 23rd NNE & N.o from which point it blew strong several hours & suddenly shifted to the SW after we had got further to the S.o ward. From the 23rd we had the wind alternately NW & SW, with short intervals of light breezes from the SE if we got any thing to the N.o ward, which we lost again by keeping more to the S.oward, a convincing proof I think that keeping to the S.o ward is the best chance of making a passage to the E.t ward.

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