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§ 61. “Holding the Sessions of the Parliament.”

“It is by the act of the Crown alone that Parliament can be assembled. The only occasions on which the Lords and Commons have met by their own authority, were previously to the restoration of King Charles II., and at the Revolution in 1688. The first Act of Charles the Second's reign declared the Lords and Commons to be the two houses of Parliament, notwithstanding the irregular manner in which they had been assembled; and all their Acts were confirmed by the succeeding Parliament summoned by the king, which however qualified the confirmation of them, by declaring that ‘the manner of the assembling, enforced by the difficulties and exigencies which then lay upon the nation, is not to be drawn into example.’ In the same manner, the first Act of the reign of William and Mary declared the Convention of Lords and Commons to be the two houses


  ― 407 ―
of Parliament, as if they had been summoned according to the usual form; and the succeeding Parliament recognized the legality of their Acts.” (May, Parl. Prac., 10th ed., p. 38.)

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