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§ 64. “The Parliament shall be Summoned.”

The first Federal Parliament will have to be elected and summoned to meet for the despatch of business not later than six months after the establishment of the Commonwealth. This part of the section refers to two important events—(1) the establishment of the Commonwealth, and (2) the summoning of the first Parliament. Several intervening events are assumed to have taken place; such as the appointment by the Governor-General of Ministers of State to constitute the first administration of the Commonwealth, and the election of the first Parliament. A Federal Ministry will have to be appointed immediately upon the establishment of the Commonwealth, for on the accomplishment of the union the departments of Customs and Excise, in the several States, are by the terms of the Constitution transferred to the Commonwealth, and the Executive Government will be at once required for the purpose of administering those departments as well as for the purpose of supervising the issue of writs, appointing returning officers, and generally making arrangements necessary for the election of members of the House of Representatives. The writs for the election of Senators are issued by the Governors of States. The various successive steps and stages in the inauguration of the new regime may be here recapitulated for general survey—

  • THE PASSING OF THE ACT. (9th July, 1900.)
  • THE PASSING OF ELECTORAL LAWS BY THE COLONIAL PARLIAMENTS.
  • THE ISSUE OF THE QUEEN'S PROCLAMATION (17th September, 1900).
  • THE APPOINTMENT OF THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL.
  • THE ARRIVAL OF THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL IN AUSTRALIA.
  • THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH AND THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE OPERATION OF THE CONSTITUTION ON THE DAY APPOINTED IN THE QUEEN'S PROCLAMATION (1st January, 1901).
  • THE TRANSFER OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF CUSTOMS AND EXCISE TO THE COMMONWEALTH (1st January, 1901).
  • THE APPOINTMENT OF THE FIRST FEDERAL MINISTRY.
  • THE ISSUE BY THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF WRITS FOR THE ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.



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  • THE ISSUE BY THE GOVERNORS OF STATES OF WRITS FOR THE ELECTION OF SENATORS.
  • THE ELECTION OF REPRESENTATIVES.
  • THE ELECTION OF SENATORS.
  • THE RETURN OF THE WRITS.
  • THE SUMMONING OF THE NEW PARLIAMENT.
  • THE MEETING OF THE NEW PARLIAMENT NOT LATER THAN SIX MONTHS AFTER THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH.
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