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§ 71. “Original State.”

An Original State is defined by Clause 6 as a State which is part of the Commonwealth at its establishment. An Original State is entitled, as a constitutional right, to equal representation in the Senate and other special privileges which need not necessarily be conceded to new States. The Federal Parliament may admit to the Commonwealth or establish new States, and may upon such admission or establishment make or impose such terms and conditions, including the extent of representation in either House of the Parliament, as it thinks fit (sec. 121). The fact that new States are not entitled as of right to equal representation shows that the system is not founded on a logical principle, but that it is a political compromise or contrivance regarded as one of the conditions precedent to the establishment of the Commonwealth.

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