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§ 229. “Powers Vested . . in Either House.”

Each branch of the Federal Parliament is endowed with certain special powers, necessary for its internal government, and for the conduct of its own business. As soon as convenient, after the Senate first meets subsequent to a general election, it becomes its duty to divide the senators chosen for each State into two classes, as nearly equal as practicable, so as to provide for the order of their retirement in triennial batches (sec. 15). Until the Parliament otherwise provides, any question respecting the qualification of a senator or of a member of the House of Representatives, or respecting a vacancy in either House of the Parliament, and any question of a disputed election to either House, must be determined by the House in which the question arises (sec. 47). Each House of the Parliament may make rules and orders with respect to—

  • (1.) The mode in which its powers, privileges, and immunities may be exercised and upheld:
  • (2.) The order and conduct of its business and proceedings either separately or jointly with the other House (sec. 50).

Sub-section xxxix. authorizes the Parliament to make laws relating to matters incidental to the execution of these powers, some of them being regulative and others being of a quasi-judicial character ; making them fully operative and effective, and providing for their due enforcement by appropriate legal sanctions.

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