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§ 237. “And all Places Acquired by the Commonwealth.”

The right of eminent domain vested in the Commonwealth, under sec. 51—xxxi. and sec. 85, enables the Parliament to acquire private and provincial property, including land, for Federal purposes. Sec. 122 enables the Parliament to accept from a State or from the Queen, or otherwise acquire, territory to be governed as Federal domain. Property and territory so acquired may become “places acquired by the Commonwealth


  ― 660 ―
for public purposes” under this sub-section, and hence places in which the Parliament has exclusive jurisdiction. Where a murder was committed within a fort, purchased by the United States from a State, it was held that the Federal Circuit Court had jurisdiction over the offence, notwithstanding a reservation by the State, in the act of cession, that the State should execute, within the fort, the civil and criminal processes issuing under State authority. (United States v. Cornell, 2 Mason, 91. Baker, Annot. Const. p. 55.)

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