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§ 412. “The Commonwealth Shall Not.”

This prohibition is directed not only against the Parliament of the Commonwealth, but against the Commonwealth itself—in which word is included every department of the public service of the Commonwealth.

A law which infringes this prohibition will be beyond the scope of the Constitution, and therefore unconstitutional and void. It may be assumed, however, that the courts, following the established rules of construction, will not hold any law to be void upon mere suspicion that it gives a preference, or where there is any doubt upon the matter.

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