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Trade

and commerce, debates in 1891 Convention, 135. Definition of, 515–17. Includes transportation, 517, 533, 535; travel, 518; traffic and intercourse, 522, 539; navigation and shipping, 520, 522, 540, 873; improvement of navigation and removal of obstructions, 540, 874; State railways, 520, 874. Does not include production and manufacture, 518; or certain occupations, 519. Subjects of, 518.

Inter-state, federal power as to, 515–49. Definition of, 517, 903–4. Extent of the power, 539. Aids to power, 516. Limits of power, 516, 903. Exclusive or concurrent, 530. Beginning and end of federal control, 519, 539; duration, 519; interruption of transit, 519. Leading American cases, 521–39. American and Canadian powers, 543.

Equality of, 171, 199, 903 (see Preference). Freedom of, 845. Regulation of, 516, 522, 547; and prohibition, 547. State legislation affecting, 542. State tax upon, 534, 846; when constitutional, 848; upon persons engaged in, 857. State licenses for, 847; other allowable charges, 849. Restriction by police powers of States, 847, 850–3. Domestic commerce of States, 517, 540, 542, 855, 856, 903–4.

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