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Quorum100.

22. Until the Parliament otherwise provides, the presence of at least one-third of the whole number of the senators shall be necessary to constitute a meeting of the Senate for the exercise of its powers.

UNITED STATES.—A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties, as each House may provide.—Const. Art. I., sec. 5, sub-s. 1. CANADA.—Until the Parliament of Canada otherwise provides, the presence of at least fifteen senators, including the Speaker, shall be necessary to constitute a meeting of the Senate for the exercise of its powers.—B.N.A. Act, 1867, sec. 35.

HISTORICAL NOTE.—In the Commonwealth Bill of 1891 the clause was in the same form, with the addition, after “senators,” of the words “as provided by the Constitution.” At the Adelaide session, 1897, the clause was introduced in the same form, except that the words “until the Parliament otherwise provides” were omitted. In Committee, on Mr. Gordon's motion, the words “as provided by this Constitution” were omitted. (Conv. Deb., Adel., p. 682.) At the Sydney session, on the motion of Mr. Higgins, the words “until the Parliament otherwise provides” were inserted. (Conv. Deb., Syd. [1897], pp. 991–2.)

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