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South Australia.

In 1834 Parliament was persuaded to sanction an experiment in free colonization, and on the 28th of December, 1836, under the powers contained in the 4 and 5 Will. IV., c. 95, His Majesty proclaimed “The Province of South Australia.” The Act specially exempted the province from the laws and jurisdiction of any other part of Australia. The law enacted in the colony consists of:

1. Ordinances or Acts of Council passed from December 28th, 1836, up to and inclusive of the year 1843, by a Council consisting of the Governor and four official members constituted under the authority of 4 and 5 Will. IV., c. 95, and 1 and 2 Vict., c. 60.

2. Ordinances or Acts of Council passed from the year 1844 to the 21st of February, 1851, both inclusive, by a Legislative Council consisting of the Governor, three official and four non-official members, constituted under the authority of 5 and 6 Vict., c. 61.

3. Ordinances or Acts of Council passed from the 3rd of October, 1851, to the year 1856, both inclusive, by the Governor and a Legislative Council of twenty-four members, eight nominated by the Crown and sixteen elected, constituted under Ordinance No. 1 of 1851, pursuant


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to power given by the Imperial Statute 13 and 14 Vict., c. 59.

4. Acts passed from 1857 inclusive down to the present day by the Parliament of South Australia constituted under the Constitution Act No. 2 of 1855-6, which Act itself was authorized by 13 and 14 Vict., c. 59, the “Act for the better government of Her Majesty's Australian Colonies.”

5. Orders, Rules, and Regulations made by various authorities in pursuance of powers contained in these Acts.

South Australia in 1888 became a member of the Federal Council of Australasia, and sent delegates to the session of 1889. No law affecting her was passed, and she ceased to be a member before the next session.

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