no next

II. Appendix.

  ― 597 ―

37. New South Wales Labor Platform, 1891.

(1) Electoral Reform—to provide for the abolition of plural voting; the abolition of money deposits in Parliamentary elections; the extension of the franchise to seamen, shearers, and general laborers by the registration of votes; the extension of the franchise to policemen and soldiers; the abolition of the six months' residence clause as a qualification for the exercise of the franchise; the establishment of single member electorates and equal electoral districts on an adult population basis; the holding of all Parliamentary elections on one day—that a public holiday; and that all public-houses shall be closed during the hours of polling.

(2) Free, compulsory, and technical education—higher as well as elementary—to be extended to all.

(3) Eight hours to be the legal maximum working day in all occupations.

(4) A Workshop and Factories Act, to provide for the prohibition of the sweating system; the supervision of land boilers and machinery; and the appointment of representative working men as inspectors.

(5) An amendment of the Mining Act, to provide for all applications for mineral leases being summarily dealt with by the local wardens; the strict enforcement of labor conditions on such leases; the abolition of the leasing system on all new goldfields; the right to mine on private property; the greater protection of persons engaged in the mining industry; and that all inspectors shall hold certificates of competency.

(6) The extension to seamen of the benefits of the Employers' Liabilities Act.

(7) The repeal of the Masters and Servants Act and the Agreements Validating Act.

(8) The amendment of the Masters and Servants Act and the Trades Union Act.

(9) The establishment of a Department of Labor; a National Bank; and a national system of water conservation and irrigation.

(10) Election of magistrates.

(11) Local Government and decentralization; the the extension of the principle of the Government acting as an employer, through the medium of local self-governing

  ― 598 ―
bodies; and the abolition of our present unjust method of raising municipal revenue by the taxation of improvements effected by Labor.

(12) The Federation of the Australian colonies on a National as opposed to an Imperial basis; the abolition of the present Defence Force, and the establishment of our military system upon a purely voluntary basis.

(13) The recognition in our legislative enactments of the natural and inalienable rights of the whole community to the land—upon which all must live and from which by labor all wealth is produced—by the taxation of that value which accrues to land from the presence and needs of the community, irrespective of improvements effected by human exertion; and the absolute and indefeasible right of property on the part of all Crown tenants in improvements effected on their holdings.

(14) The execution of all Government contracts in the colony.

(15) The stamping of all Chinese-made furniture.

(16) Any measure which will secure for the wage-earner a fair and equitable return for his or her labor.

38. New South Wales Labor Platforms, 1909.

OBJECTIVE.—(1) The cultivation of an Australian sentiment based upon the maintenance of racial purity, and the development in Australia of an enlightened and selfreliant community. (2) The securing of the full results of their industry to all producers by the collective ownership of monopolies and the extension of the industrial and economic functions of the State and Municipality.

State Pledge.

I hereby pledge myself not to oppose the selected candidate of this or any other Branch of the Political Labor League. I also pledge myself, if returned to Parliament, on all occasions to do my utmost to ensure the carrying out of the principles embodied in the Labor Platform, and on all such questions, and especially on questions affecting the fate of a Government, to vote as a majority of the Labor Party may decide at a duly constituted caucus meeting. I further pledge myself not to retire from the contest without the consent of the Executive of the Political Labor League of New South Wales.

  ― 599 ―

State Platform.

Fighting Platform.

  • 1. Constitutional Reform.
    • (a) Abolition of the Legislative Council and the office of State Governor.
    • (b) Electoral reform to provide proper machinery for the true representation of the people in Parliament.
  • 2. Land and Financial Reform.
    • (a) Cessation of further sales of Crown Lands.
    • (b) A proper system of Closer Settlement.
    • (c) Water Conservation and Irrigation.
    • (d) Restriction of Public Borrowing.
    • (e) State Bank.
    • (f) Graduated Land Tax.
  • 3. Free Education.
    • (a) Secondary.
    • (b) Technical.
    • (c) University.
    • To be available on the Bursary System to all children passing a qualifying test.
  • 4. Re-enactment of the Industrial Arbitration Act.
  • 5. The Zone System of Railway Fares and Freights.
  • 6. Regulation of Hours of Labor.
  • 7. Workers' Compensation.

Details of Fighting Platform.

  • 1. Constitutional Reform.
    • (a) Abolition of the Legislative Council and the substitution therefore of the Initiative and Referendum.
    • (b) Abolition of the office of State Governor and other unnecessary offices.
    • (c) All citizens, other than criminals or lunatics, to be entitled to the franchise, after six months' residence in the State, irrespective of electoral boundaries.
    • (d) Full civil and political rights to all State and Municipal employees.
    • (e) Provision to enable electors when travelling to record their votes for their electorates in any part of the State, and facilities for seamen and others to record their votes by post.
    • (f) State elections to be held early in the year, from February to April inclusive; polling day to be a Saturday, and be proclaimed a public holiday; hours of polling, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.

    •   ― 600 ―
    • (g) All polling returns for the small centres in country electorates shall be sealed in the ballot-boxes at close of the poll and forwarded to the Returning-officer for the electorate, who, with his Scrutineers and Poll Clerk, shall be the only persons authorised to count them.
  • 2. Land and Financial Reform.

Land Reform.

  • (1) Immediate cessation of Crown Lands Sales.
  • (2) Land Acts to be consolidated and simplified, and to provide for—
    • (a) Compulsory resumption of private lands for Closer Settlement, value to be determined by a competent tribunal; such value not to exceed that fixed by the owner for taxation purposes plus 10 per cent., together with the value of the improvements at the time of the resumption.
    • (b) Where areas of country lands are subdivided by private owners for sale, purchasers to be subject to such conditions as to residence, area, etc., as may be approved of by the Government for Closer Settlement purposes.
    • (c) Rents payable by settlers on private lands to be determined by a competent tribunal on application by the tenant or landlord. Security of tenure and tenant right in improvements effected by tenant.
    • (d) No land suitable for bona-fide settlement to be set apart for improvement or scrub leases. Land proposed to be offered under these tenures to be made available for settlement for a period of not less than twelve months.
    • (e) Existing improvement and scrub leases to be viewed with a view to the withdrawal of those suitable for settlement, and the forfeiture of any improperly or illegally granted.
    • (f) Every Australian citizen not already holding land to the value of £500 to have a preferential right to acquire an area of land up to that value. Preference to be given, first, to persons holding no land, and, second, to small holders requiring additional holdings, such areas not necessarily to be deemed living areas.

    •   ― 601 ―
    • (g) Any person acquiring ordinary Crown lands for permanent settlement to be entitled to remission of rent for the first five years, conditional upon permanent improvements of not less than the value of the remitted rent being effected.
    • (h) The reappraisement of homestead selections and settlement leases at the instance of the Crown shall not take place oftener than once during each 20-year period, the first reappraisement to take place 25 years after the date of application.
    • (i) Rentals of homestead selections in no instance to exceed a sum equal to the difference between the shire or municipal taxation on such holdings and freeholds in the same shire or municipality, together with interest at 2½ per cent. on the capital value placed on lands alienated from the Crown of similar quality in the same locality.
    • (j) Provision for workingmen's blocks in centres of population.
    • (k) Provision to be made to prevent speculators from monopolising business and residential allotments in towns and villages.
    • (l) Election of local members of Land Boards.
    • (m) Crown land agents to be compelled to fill in forms for applicants for land free of charge.
    • (n) Lands Agents to be made officers of the Court.
    • (o) Members of Parliament to be debarred from acting as paid agents in Crown lands matters.
  • (3) Water Conservation and Irrigation with resumption of all frontages to water so conserved, together with such lands as are benefited thereby which are suitable for Closer Settlement.
  • (4) Existing legislation providing for the distribution of wire-netting to be amended to provide for the direct supply of wire-netting to landholders by the Government.
  • (5) The duties of the Pastures and Protection Boards to be taken over by the Shire Councils.
  • (6) That immigration be not encouraged until sufficient land is made available for eager and desirable settlers at present in this State.

Financial Reform.

Public Borrowing.

  • (1) Cessation of borrowing except for
    • (a) Redemption.
    • (b) Completing works already authorised by Parliament.

    •   ― 602 ―
    • (c) Undertakings which will pay interest from the beginning, and provide 1 per cent. sinking fund.
  • (2) Provision to be made for a sinking fund in connection with renewed loans.
  • (3) Loans to be converted locally as far as practicable

State Bank.

  • (1) Amalgamation of existing Savings Banks into a State Bank; a portion of the funds to be available for—
    • (a) Repurchase of private estates for Closer Settlement.
    • (b) Advances to settlers on the land held by them or the improvements thereon.
    • (c) Conditional advances to be granted for the purpose of effecting permanent improvements; such advances to be made in instalments as required during the progress of the work at the rate of £75 for each £100 worth of permanent improvements effected.
    • (d) Advances to workmen and others to build homes themselves.
  • (2) All charges in connection with loans made by the Advance Department of the Savings Bank to be added to the amount advanced and be paid off with the loan.

Fresh Taxation.

  • (1) Graduated Land Tax on all estates over £5000 in value on an unimproved basis, increasing ½d. for each £5000 in value over that exemption.
  • (2) Graduated Income Tax.
  • (3) Special taxation of land owned and incomes derived by absentees.
  • (4) Increased Probate Duties on estates of over £20,000 in value.
  • (5) Probate duty on the estates of absentees to be double the ordinary rates and without exemption.

State Socialistic Services.

  • (1) Receipts and Expenditure to be kept separate from the Consolidated Revenue Account.
  • (2) Any surplus accruing after paying working expenses and charges for upkeep and depresiation to be used—
    • (a) For the reduction of charges to users;
    • (b) For paying off capital cost.

  •   ― 603 ―
  • (3) Estimates of receipts and expenditure in connection with all Socialistic services to be submitted an-annually to Parliament.

  • 3. Free Education.
    • (a) Secondary.
    • (b) Technical.
    • (c) University.
    • To be available on the Bursary System to all children passing a qualifying test.
  • 4. Re-enactment of Industrial Arbitration Act.
  • 5. The Zone System of Railway Fares and Freights.
  • 6. An Eight Hour Bill on similar lines to that introduced by the Parliamentary Labor Party.
  • 7. Workers' Compensation Act, to embrace all classes of labor, including Seamen and Waterside Workers.

General Platform.

  • 8. Industrial Reform.
    • (a) Anti-Sweating Legisation, providing for punishment by imprisonment for breaches.
    • (b) Arbitration Act Amendemnt.
      • (1) The general provisions of the Act to be so enlarged as to make it impossible to apply for a writ of prohibition, except in cases where the Court flagrantly goes beyond its powers.
      • (2) An amendment of the Act in its definitions and general provisions so as to make it clearly apparent that the Arbitration Court is a Court with power to determine the general conditions of any industry for given periods at the instigation of either Unions of employers or employees.
      • (3) An amendment which will enable the Court in dealing with different industries to appoint Boards of Conciliation to assist it in the making of its awards.
      • (4) An amendment permitting the Court to grant a common rule on any industrial agreement where the parties thereto substantially represent an industry.
      • (5) An amendment directing the Court to take the profits of an industry into consideration in fixing minimum wages, such minimum not to be less than a living wage.
      • (6) An amendment excluding the legal profession and paid advocates, excepting bona-fide representatives of Unions of employees or bona-fide servants of employers from the Courts of Arbitration or Boards of Conciliation unless by consent of both parties to a reference.

      •   ― 604 ―
      • (7) An amendment providing expressly that all contract and piece work, where employees supply labor only, shall come under the jurisdiction of the Court.
      • (8) An amendment providing that all awards and orders of the Court shall be enforced by the Department of Labor, with power to Unions to proceed on [?] to compel the Minister to act where necessary.
      • (9) An amendment to provide that if an employer is represented on the taking of evidence in camera, employees shall also have the right of representation, and to empower the Court to appoint accountants to assist in its deliberations.
      • (10) An amendment providing for effective preference to Unionists.
      • (11) The Act if satisfactorily amended to be made permanent, and an additional Court to be appointed for two years to deal with mining and such other cases as may be referred to it by the Chief Court.
      • (12) An amendment to include domestic service as an industry under the Act.
      • (13) An amendment to give power to Unions to sue members in a local Court of Petty Sessions for the recovery of all arrears of subscriptions, levies, and fines, provided in their Rules.
    • (c) Regulation of hours of labor.
      • (1) The general reduction of the hours of labor to 44 per week on account of the increased productivity of Labor.
      • (2) That six hours be the recognised day for all underground workers.
      • (3) Amendment of the Early Closing Act on the lines as agreed upon at the Trades Union Congress, 1908.
      • (4) The abolition of night work in bake-houses.
    • (d) A minimum living wage in all occupations, sufficient reasonably to provide for the contingencies of a civilised life. A minimum wage for adult labor shall not be less than 8s. per day. Equal pay for women for equal work.
    • (e) Legislation to provide that payment of wages be a first charge on any assets available in connection with any occupation in which wages are earned.
    • (f) A Lien Bill.

    •   ― 605 ―
    • (g) Amending legislation to secure to Trade Unions the legal position occupied from the legalisation of Trade Unions until the Taff Vale decision altered the application of the law.
    • (h) Repeal of the Masters and Servants Act and the Agreements Validating Act.
    • (i) Amendment of the Trade Unions Act and the Apprentices Act to provide for compulsory apprenticeship and the abolition of premiums, and to provide that employers shall be compelled to properly teach their apprentices the trade or trades to which they have been indentured; also that a limitation be placed upon the number of apprentices in accordance with the number of tradesmen employed. The Act to be administered by the Department of Labor and Industry.
    • (j) A Right to Work Bill.
    • (k) The Labor Agency business to be conducted entirely by the State.
    • (l) Amendment of the Shops and Factories Act, 1896, on the lines agreed upon by the Trade Union Congress, 1908.
    • (m) Abolition of the age limit for employment in all Government Departments.
  • 9. The Encouragement of Agriculture.
    • (a) By the establishment of State mills for sugar, grain, and other produce.
    • (b) The establishment of a State Export Department.
    • (c) The establishment of the bulk system of handling grain.
    • (d) Any other matter which will be effective in assisting in the development of agriculture.
  • 10. State Pensions or Annuities to Residents of the State over 60 years of age and to Invalids; and abolition of State pensions, except those provided under the Old Age Pensions Act.
  • 11. Amendment of the Mining Laws to provide for—
    • (a) Mining on private property without payment of royalty other than to the State, or of rent or compensation except for actual value of land taken or damage done to land or improvements.
    • (b) The abolition of authorities to enter and the substitution therefor of mining on private land licenses.
    • (c) Qualified persons only to be appointed to administer the mining laws.

    •   ― 606 ―
    • (d) Abolition of the leasing system on all new gold-fields.
    • (e) Greater protection to persons engaged in the mining industries; inspectors to hold certificates of competency.
    • (f) Strict enforcement of the Labor conditions on leases.
  • 12. (a) All Government work to be executed in the State without the intervention of contractors.
    • (b) Prohibition of sub-letting.
    • (c) Standard Union wages to be the minimum paid on all Government and Municipal work.
  • 13. A Land Boiler and Machinery Inspection Bill to provide for the more effective supervision of all land engines, boilers, and machinery, and that all persons in charge of engines and boilers hold certificates of competency.
  • 14. Liquor Traffic Reform.
    • (a) State Option, with right to vote as to compensation.
    • (b) Plebiscite of electors, as to nationalising the Liquor Traffic.
  • 15. Amendment of the Navigation Act to provide for the more efficient control of navigation in connection with traffic on harbors and rivers, the suppression of crimping, and the restitution of the six months' survey clause.
  • 16. (a) With a view to the more equitable administration of justice, when a charge is preferred against a person and fails, expenses may be awarded against the Crown.
    • (b) A Crown Defender to be appointed and paid by the Government in all cases where a Crown Prosecutor is employed.
  • 17. Amendment of the State Children's Relief Act to provide that the mother of a State child should receive for its maintenance an amount equivalent to the maximum allowed a foster mother. Such amount to be payable until the child is 16 years of age.
  • 18. State Subsidy to Maternity.
  • 19. (a) All public hospitals to be supported by shire and municipal rates, together with Government subsidies.
    • (b) Boards controlling hospitals to be elected by adult suffrage.
    • (c) Women to have the same rights as men to be on the medical staff.
    • (d) The working hours of nurses to be forty-four hours per week.

    •   ― 607 ―
    • (e) In serious cases where patients are unable to reach hospitals, Government medical officers shall attend them in their homes or wherever located.
    • (f) All country hospitals should have a lunacy ward.
    • (g) A maternity ward to be attached to all hospitals, with provision for home treatment where necessary.
    • (h) All school children to be examined periodically by competent medical and dental officers and treated free where necessary.
    • (i) The establishment of Foundling Homes.
  • 20. (a) All Chinese furniture factories be restricted to forty-eight hours per week, and that the forty-eight hours be worked between 7.30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Mondays to Fridays inclusive, and between 7.30 a.m. and 1 p.m. on Saturdays, and that overtime can only be worked after obtaining the sanction of the Department of Labor and Industry.
    • (b) Stamping of Chinese furniture and other manufactures.
  • 21. (a) Workers' dwellings to be constructed by the Government in suitable localities, and be let to those requiring them at reasonable rentals.
    • (b) Provision of small cottage homes for indigent aged couples.
    • (c) Amendment of the Landlord and Tenants Act to provide that in distress for rent cases the landlord shall leave in the possession of the tenant all necessary goods and chattels to the value of £20, together with tools of trade.
  • 22. Absorption of the Unemployed by—
    • (a) The establishment of State ironworks.
    • (b) The establishment of State farms and labor colonies.
    • (c) The establishment of State woollen mills and clothing factories.
  • 23. Nationalisation of any industry which becomes a private monopoly.
  • 24. The Nationalisation of Land.
  • 25. Nationalisation of Coal Mines.
  • 26. All iron required for State use to be produced from State mines.
  • 27. (a) Amendment of the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Act so that rates shall be assessed on the unimproved value of the land.
    • (b) Members of all Water and Sewerage Boards to be elected by adult suffrage.

  •   ― 608 ―
  • Objective, Regulations, and Platform.


The Objective shall be the acquisition of the right to exercise any or all the powers provided for in Section 109 of the Local Government Act, 1906, and broadening its scope, and extending the powers of Council in the direction of communal activity.


1. Leagues in any municipal area shall have the work of formulating municipal programme suitable to local requirements.

2. Such programme must be in accord with the general principles of the P.L.L. Municipal Platform.

3. The Rules and Regulations of the P.L.L. governing the selection of candidates for Parliament shall, as far as practicable, apply to candidates seeking selection for municipal honors.


1. To advocate and support measures to amend the Local Government Act to gain—

  • (a) Full adult suffrage on a one month's residential qualification.
  • (b) That it shall be the duty of Councils to collect the roll annually of all adult residents.
  • (c) That the present power of Council to vote Mayoral allowances be extended to include aldermen.
  • (d) Extending the hour of closing the poll till 8 p.m.

2. Day Labor where practicable, with preference to Unionists in all municipal work.

3. Rating on the unimproved values of land only, with no exemption.

4. The adoption of and wielding of all communal powers and activities possible under the Act, especially of the activities hereunder:—

  • (a) Infants' milk depots.
  • (b) Ferries.
  • (c) Gas and electric light.
  • (d) Hydraulic or other power when desirable.
  • (e) Night shelters.
  • (f) Public shelters.
  • (g) Public markets, abattoirs, and retail meat depots.
  • (h) The arrangement and beautification of the area, and the acquisition of land, streets, buildings, etc., therefor, together with the lease of land or building after such rearrangement.

  •   ― 609 ―
  • (i) The subsidising of public bands or orchestras.
  • (j) The regulation and licensing of public vehicles, and of the drivers and conductors thereof.
  • (k) The regulation and licensing of hawkers of goods.
  • (l) Provision for separate lavatories for men and women.

5. The adoption and enforcement of provisions requiring the payment of Union rates of pay for all municipal work.

6. Readjustment of finances and the establishment of a Loans Redemption Fund.

7. Taking over the control and maintenance of parks and reserves.

  • Objective, Regulations, and Platform.


The Objective shall be the acquisition of the right to exercise any or all of the powers provided for in Section 109 of the Local Government Act, 1906, with amendments as herein suggested.


1. Leagues in any local government area shall have the work of formulating a County Council programme suitable to local requirements.

2. Such programme must be in accord with the general principles of the P.L.L., and shall be forwarded to the Executive for confirmation.

3. The Rules and Regulations of the P.L.L. governing the selection of candidates for Parliament shall as far as practicable apply to candidates seeking selection for County Councils.


1. Election to Shire Councils to be on the basis of adult suffrage.

2. That no land shall be sold by the Shire Council, and that the Local Government Act shall be amended in Part 12, Section 104, and wherever else necessary, to prevent the sale of lands by the Council.

3. That no new licenses be granted to Asiatics. This not to apply to renewals of existing licenses.


In the constitution of the Greater Sydney Municipality and Council, the following things to be observed:—

  • (a) The powers, rights, and liabilities of any one and all of the civic bodies referred to to be the powers, rights, and liabilities of the Greater Sydney Council.

  •   ― 610 ―
  • (b) The Council to have control of all services affecting the communal life of the citizens, such as water and sewerage, tramways, gas supply, electric supply, harbor control, parks and open spaces, housing of the working classes, trans-harbor ferries, hydraulic power, roads and bridges.
  • (c) The municipality to be divided into forty wards, each ward to return two aldermen.
  • (d) Any person (except such as are disqualified by Section 70 of the Local Government Act, 1906) whose name is on the roll to be eligible for election and to act as alderman.
  • (e) The aldermen to be elected for three years; the elections to be held on the same day as other municipal elections in the State, and the poll to remain open till 8 p.m.
  • (f) The election of aldermen to be by adult suffrage.
  • (g) Each elector to have one vote only, to be exercised in ward where resident.
  • (h) The Mayor to be elected annually by the electors.
  • (i) Provision to be made for payment of Mayor and aldermen.
  • (j) One general rate to be struck for all requirements; such rate to be on the unimproved value of the land.
  • (k) The Railway Commissioners, the Australian Gas-light Company, the Telephone Department, and all other public or private bodies interfering with or permanently using any of the public ways to pay rates.
  • (l) The Council not to sell any land acquired by it.

  ― 610 ―

39. Progressive Political League of Victoria, 1891.

The Object of the League is to secure for all classes such legislation as will advance their interests by

  • (a) The enrolment of all persons desirous of promoting progressive legislation.
  • (b) The return of candidates to Parliament pledged to support the Platform of the League.

All persons over 18 years of age shall be eligible to become members of the League. The subscription shall be not less than one shilling per annum payable in advance.

  ― 611 ―


1st—Electoral Reform.

(a) Abolition of plural voting. One general roll on the basis of manhood suffrage.

(b) Special provision for Seamen and others following migratory occupations to record their votes at Parliamentary elections.

(c) Extension of the hours of polling from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., to be uniform throughout the colony.

(d) Equal electoral districts on a population basis, and single electorates.

2nd.—Reform of the Labor Laws.

(a) Repeal of the 6 Geo. IV. cap 129, and other Acts relating to conspiracy in Industrial Disputes.

(b) A law enacting a maximum Labor day of eight hours.

(c) The repeal of that portion of the Employers and Employees Act formerly known as the Master and Servants Act.

(d) Amendment of the Factories and Shops Act.

(e) Extension of the provisions of the Employers' Liability Act to seamen.

(f) A Mining Act providing for the proper ventilation and safety in gold, coal, and other mines.

(g) All Inspectors under any Act of Parliament requiring practical knowledge to be appointed from workers in their respective trades and occupations.

(h) Prohibition of the importation of Chinese and Coolie laborers and of laborers under contract.

(i) The establishment of a Department of Labor.

(j) The establishment by law of Courts of Conciliation for the settlement of disputes between Employers and Employees.

3rd—Social Reform.

(a) The application of the principle of the Referendum to the opening of public libraries, museums, and art galleries on Sundays.

(b) The application of the same principle to the closing of public houses on Sundays.

(c) No more Crown lands to be alienated, the land and material therein being the common property of the people.

  ― 612 ―

(d) A tax on land values, exclusive of improvements, sufficient to secure for the community the unearned increment.

(e) A cumulative tax on all incomes over £300 per annum.


Federation of the Colonies on a Democratic basis.

40. Victorian Labor Platform, 1908.

State Platform.

Land Policy.

1. Compulsory resumption of land for closer settlement.

2. (a) No further alienation of Crown land; (b) restriction of the aggregation of large estates; (c) the establishment of a State Forestry Department.

3. The sustaining of village settlements, and the creation of small landholders under a new system of perpetual lease, with periodical valuations.

Financial Policy.

4. Restriction of public borrowing, except for conversion of existing loans.

5. A graduated tax on the unimproved value of land, subject to an exemption of £500.

6. A cumulative tax on incomes over £200 per year.

(Note.—This resolution was carried unanimously by Annual Conference, March, 1907:—“The Conference regrets that any misconception exists in relation to the respective fields of operation of the land and income taxes, and affirms the principle that the income tax is not intended to apply to land, or the produce of land that is subject to a land tax.”)

7. The establishment of a State Bank, and extension of the Credit Foncier system to the whole State.

8. The establishment of a State Life and Fire Insurance Department.

Constitutional Reform.

9. One adult one vote (State or Municipal).

10. Initiative and Referendum.

11. Abolition of the Legislative Council.

12. Abolition of State Governorship.

13. Amendment of the Local Government Act, in order to facilitate the realisation of the Municipal Platform.

14. Civil equality of men and women.

  ― 613 ―

Industrial Regulation.

15. (a) The establishment of a Department of Labor, with a responsible Minister; (b) abolition of private registry offices, and establishment of Central Labor Bureau, with branches throughout the State.

16. The legalisation of the eight hour system and a minimum wage for all workers.

17. Equal pay for equal work.

18. The establishment by law of Courts of Compulsory Arbitration between employers and employees.


19. (a) Education—Primary, Secondary, Technical and University—to be free and secular, with all requisites to be provided by the State. Primary education to be compulsory; (b) the maintenance and extension of technical education by the State; (c) free night schools for persons over 16 years of age.


20. (a) Adequate pensions for all aged or disabled persons; (b) children's pensions.

21. Socialisation of the drink traffic.

22. Family Homes Protection Act, to exempt family homes, registered under the Act, to the value of £2000, from seizure.

Municipal Platform.

1. Adult Suffrage: (a) all electors resident for six months to be qualified representatives; (b) election of mayors and presidents by the people.

2. All municipal taxes to be assessed on the unimproved value of land.

3. (a) All community enterprises, such as tramways, lighting, water supply, and markets, to be conducted and controlled by the municipality; (b) no extension of leases to tramway, electric lighting, or other companies.

4. Direct employment of all labor where possible.

5. An eight hours day. The wage payable to municipal employees shall not be less than the minimum trade union rate.

6. Erection by the municipality of healthy homes for the people.

7. All officers administering the Health Act to be appointed by, and under the control of, the Board of Health.

8. Municipal insurance of ratepayers' property.

9. Representatives to all trusts and boards to be elected by the people.

  ― 614 ―

10. Creation of recreation reserves in populous neighborhoods for the free use of the people, and as playgrounds for children.

11. Provisions for the regular entertainment of the people by concerts, lectures, and theatrical performances, and any other means of elevating the popular tastes.

12. No alienation of land the property of the municipalities.

13. Strict enforcement of the Weights and Measures Act.

14. Initiative: By which 5 per cent. of qualified voters in any municipality may, on petition, demand that a referendum on any and every proposition submitted by such proportion of qualified voters shall take place at the next municipal elections.

15. All meetings of municipal councils to be held at night in cities and boroughs, and at the hour most convenient for the attendance of the public in country municipalities, and to be open to the public.

16. The establishment of municipal Montes de Piete.

17. Municipal ownership and control of milk, bread and meat supply.

41. Australian Labor Federation.

Platform Adopted in Queensland, 1890.

1. The Nationalisation of all sources of wealth and all means of producing and distributing wealth.

2. The conducting by the State Authority of all production and all exchange.

3. The pensioning by the State authority of all children, aged and invalid citizens.

4. The saving by the State authority of such proportion of the joint wealth production as may be requisite for instituting, maintaining, and increasing national capital.

5. The maintenance by the State authority from the joint wealth production of all education and sanitary institutions.

6. The just division among all the citizens of the State of all wealth production, less only that part retained for public and common requirements.

7. The reorganization of society upon the above lines to be commenced at once and pursued uninterruptedly until social justice is fully secured to each and every citizen.

  ― 615 ―

The People's Parliamentary Platform.

1. Universal White Adult Suffrage for all Parliamentary and local elections; no plural voting; no nominee or property qualification chamber.

2. State registration of all citizens as electors.

3. Provision for full and complete enfranchisement of the floating population.

4. All Parliamentary elections on one day, and that day to be a close holiday and all public houses closed.

5. Equal electoral districts on adult population basis.

6. Annual Parliaments.

7. Abolition of veto.

Conditions of Labor Candidates.

1. All Labor representatives to occupy seats on opposition cross-benches no matter what party is in power.

2. Previous to election a Labor candidate shall give a written pledge to resign on a requisition signed by a two-thirds majority of his constituents.

42. Queensland Labor Platform, 1893.

Electoral Reform.

One man one vote. Special provision to be made for all whose occupations necessitate a constant change of residence. Six months' residence in the Colony to be the qualification for franchise.

All Parliamentary elections on the same day, and that day to be public holiday and all public houses to be closed. Abolition of the Nominee Chamber.

National Work.

State control of water conservation and irrigation.

State aided village settlements.

Education (Secular).

Elementary compulsory, higher optional, both absolutely free in State schools.

Regulation of Industry.

Statutory eight hours day where practicable.

Shops and Factories Act, with elected inspectors.

Mines Act, giving complete protection to miners.

Machinery Act, providing for inspection of land boilers and machinery. Persons in charge to have certificates of competency.

  ― 616 ―

Labor Rights.

State Department of Labor to which men can apply for work at a minimum wage as a right.

Wages Act, giving complete lien for wages over work performed, and full security for wages against all forfeiture whether by agreement or Court order.

A progressive tax upon land values irrespective of improvements. Realisation of adequate returns from the unalienated public estate.


Abolition of State-aided immigration.

Abolition of all conspiracy laws relating to industrial disputes.

Law Reform.

All magistrates to be elected.


The submission of measures for the approval or rejection by the people.


Revision of the Railway tariff.

The legal cancelling of a members' right to represent a constituency on a two-thirds majority adverse vote of his constituents.

Exclusion of colored Asiatics and contract or indented labor.

State construction and ownership of the railways.

And any measure that will secure a fair and equitable return to labor and promote the progress and prosperity of the Colony.

As regards local questions, including that of separation in Central and North Queensland, local organizations are free to determine their own course of action.

On no account shall the fiscal question be regarded as a Labor Party question.


To secure sober men as Labor candidates for Parliament.

The following pledge was signed.—

“I, the undersigned candidate for selection by the ..... Branch of the ..... Workers' Political Organization, hereby give my pledge that if not selected as a candidate for Parliament by the Branch I will not in any way oppose the candidature of the duly selected nominee of this or any other branch, and if selected, I agree to advocate and support the principles contained in this platform.

Signed .....”

  ― 617 ―

43. The Queensland Labor Platform.

As adopted at the Rockhampton Convention, March, 1907.

Fighting Platform.

1. Abolition of Legislative Council.

2. Trade Disputes Bill.

3. Old Age Pensions.

4. Conciliation and Compulsory Arbitration.

5. Public Sugar Refineries and Smelting Works.

6. Pure Food (by legislation and administration).

7. Tax on publicly created land values and absentees.

8. Immediate stoppage of all further sales of Crown Lands (fixity of tenure—leasehold only, with periodic re-appraisement of rents).

9. State Bank (extension of the principle) and Loans to Settlers and Miners.

10. Local Government Reform—One adult one vote, no disfranchisement for arrears of rates, election of mayors and chairmen of local government bodies by electors.

General Programme.

1. Constitutional Reforms.

  • Amendment of Elections Act.
  • Initiative and Referendum.
  • Elective Ministries.
  • Abolition of the position of State Governor.

2. Industrial Reform.

  • Amendment of Shearers and Sugar Workers' Accommodation Act.
  • Amendment of Workers' Compensation Act.
  • Machinery Act, providing for the inspection of all boilers, only certificated persons to attend to them.
  • Statutory Eight-Hour Day where practicable.
  • Amended Mines Regulation Act, with provision for better inspection and ventilation of mines, allaying of dust of mines, and election of inspectors by popular vote of miners.
  • Amendment of Wages Protection and Lien Act.
  • Minimum Wage and Abolition of the Contract System in Government Work.
  • State Settlements at which persons out of employment may obtain work as a right.

3. Taxation Reform.

  • Progressive Tax on publicly-created Land Values, with £300 exemption.
  • Progressive Income Tax, with £200 exemption.

  ― 618 ―

4. Land Reform.

  • Mining on Private Property.
  • Equalisation of Pastoralists' and Selectors' Rents.
  • No Asiatic, Polynesian, or African aboriginal to hold land in freehold or leasehold from the Crown or private owner.

5. National Work.

  • Extension of State Department of Labor.
  • Public Control of Water Conservation (artesian and otherwise) and Irrigation.
  • Public Ownership, Construction, and Maintenance of all Railways.
  • Public Fire, Life, Marine, Accident, and General Insurance.
  • Public Crushing Batteries, Smelting and Metallurgical Works.
  • Purchase of Mineral Ore and Free Assaying.
  • Public ownership of coal and iron industries.
  • State manufacture, importation, and sale of intoxicants, with the ultimate view of total prohibition.

6. Education (Secular).

  • Elementary, compulsory; higher, optional. Both absolutely free in State schools.
  • Technical Education Reform.
  • University, free, to all qualifying by examination.

7. Miscellaneous.

  • Establishment of Sinking Fund to meet maturing Loans.
  • Nationalisation of all Hospitals.
  • Public Trust Office.
  • Repeal of the Contagious Diseases Act.
  • Law Reform, including the appointment of Public Defenders.

44. South Australian Labor Platform, 1892.

1. Protection for the purpose of encouraging local industries, and the further development of the resources of the Colony.

2. Progressive tax on land values, or failing this an increase in the present tax, with exemption on small holdings.

3. Liens Bill, for the better protection of workmen's wages.

4. Workshops and Factories Act, for the purpose of securing adequate breathing space, to regulate and limit the hours of labor, limit the age at which young persons may be employed, and provide sanitary arrangements in all buildings used as workrooms and factories.

  ― 619 ―

5. Steam boiler inspection.

6. Free education.

7. Part 719 (amendment of Land Values Act).

8. Tax on goods and passengers carried intercolonially in foreign vessels.

9. Amendment of the Railways Commissioners Act.

10. Establishment of a Department of Labor.

11. Re-distribution of Seats on the basis of population, and the adoption of adult suffrage.

12. Reform of the Legisatilve Council in the direction of shortening the term of election.

13. Establishment of a State Bank.

14. An Act to secure to tenant farmers just compensation for improvements.

15. Working men's blocks, and loans to blockers.

16. Trades Hall site.

17. Eight Hours Bill.

18. Removal of duties on tea, coffee, cocoa, and kerosene.

19. Opposed to free and assisted immigration.

This platform was revised prior to the elections of 1894, and a plank added urging the establishment of an Export Department.

45. United Labor Party of South Australia.

Platform, 1908.

Fighting Platform.

1. Progressive Land Tax on the lines of New Zealand.

2. Abolition of the Legislative Council; failing that, adult suffrage for both Houses.

3. Compulsory Conciliation and Arbitration Bill.

4. Public ownership and control of all railways, tramways, and wharfs.

5. Cessation of borrowing, except for (1) conversion of loans, (2) completion of public works already authorised, and (3) works which will show interest on capital borrowed and provide for a sinking fund.

6. The right of the Government to resume land for Closer Settlement and public purposes on the valuation accepted by the owner for taxation purposes, plus 10 per cent.

7. Stopping further alienation of Crown lands.



1. Abolition of the Legislative Council; failing that, adult suffrage for both Houses.

2. The Initiative and the Referendum.

  ― 620 ―


3. Progressive Land Tax on the lines of New Zealand.

4. The right of the Government to resume land for Closer Settlement and public purposes on the valuation accepted by the owner for taxation purposes, plus 10 per cent.

5. A more equitable system of allotment of Crown Lands.

6. Stopping further alienation of Crown Lands.


7. Compulsory Conciliation and Arbitration Bill.

8. Extension of Wages Boards, to prevent sweating.

9. Steam Boilers' Inspection Bill, to make the user of steam responsible for the inspection of his boiler.

10. Amendment of Workmen's Liens Act.

11. Amendment of Workmen's Compensation Act.

12. Inspection of Scaffolding.

Public Works.

13. Public ownership and control of all railways, Tramways, and wharfs.

14. Conservation of Murray River Waters for irrigation and navigation.

15. Extension of functions of the State Bank.

16. Extension of the State Export Department.

17. Minimum wage of 7s. per day for all adult males employed by the State or on State contracts.

Local Government.

18. Amendment of Land Values Assessment Act.—Part XIX.

19. Abolition of Plural Voting in Municipal Elections.


20. Cessation of borrowing, except for (1) conversion of loans, (2) completion of public works already authorised, and (3) works which will show interest on capital borrowed and provide for a sinking fund.

21. Maintenance and extension of present system of education.

22. Old Age Pensions.

23. Amendment of Food and Drugs Act with a view to better safeguarding the public health.

24. Mortgagors' Limitation Liability Bill.

25. Encouragement and Fuller Development of the agricultural, pastoral, and mining resources of the State.

26. Amendment of Landlord and Tenants Act, to place all creditors on an equal basis.

  ― 621 ―

46. West Australian State Platform.

(Adopted at the Sixth Congress, held at Kalgoorlie, September 19, 1908.)

Fighting Planks.

1. Effective reform of the Legislative Council with a view to its ultimate abolition.

2. Taxation of unimproved land values without exemption or rebates.

3. Establishment of State flour mills and State agricultural development and export departments.

4. Initiative and Referendum.

5. Nationalisation of the Liquor Traffic and Local Option as to continuance, increase, or reduction of licenses.

6. Maximum day of eight hours.

7. State bank of issue.

8. Graduated income tax with exemption up to £250 with special impost on absentees.

9. Old age pensions.

General Platform.

1. Nationalisation of Crown lands with a view to the ultimate nationalisation of all lands.

2. Departmental construction of public works.

3. Limitation of State borrowing except for the purpose of reproductive works.

4. State Fire, Life, and Accident Insurance.

5. Government manufacture of Government clothing and uniforms.

6. Progressive absentee tax.

7. The abolition of the present system of State Governors and Government House, the office to be filled by the Chief Justice.

8. The establishment of mining boards.

9. Free technical, scientific and general education.

10. The day of Parliamentary elections to be a public holiday.

47. Tasmanian Labor Platform 1896.

1. One adult one vote.

2. Adequate payment of members.

3. Reform of the Legislative Council.

4. A graduated tax on the unimproved capital value of land.

5. Constitutional and Parliamentary Reform.

6. The Referendum.

7. No further alienation of Crown lands.

  ― 622 ―

8. Mining on Private Property Bill.

9. Graduated Income and Succession Duties.

10. Legislative enactment of the eight hours system.

11. A Shop Assistants Act, providing for early closing.

12. An amended Factory Act, including clauses for the suppression of sweating.

13. An amended Employers' Liability Act.

14. State old age pensions.

15. Reproductive works for the unemployed.

16. A uniform franchise for the Federal Parliament, such franchise to consist of adult suffrage exercisable upon the principle of one adult one vote.

17. Municipal reform.

18. Fair rents for farmers and other producers.

19. State bank.

48. Tasmanian Labor Platform, 1909.


1. Cultivation of an Australian sentiment based upon the maintenance of racial purity, and the development in Australia of an enlightened and self-reliant community.

2. The securing of the full results of their industry to all producers by the collective ownership of monopolies, and the extension of the industrial and economic functions of the State and municipality.


Electoral and Constitutional.

One adult one vote.

Adequate payment of Members, with provision for penalties for non-attendance.

Abolition of Upper House; provision for initiative and referendum.

Abolition of State Governorship as at present constituted.

Abolition of nominee boards.

Extension of hours of polling; a compulsory two hours leave to all employees during polling hours.


Progressive Tax on Land Values, town and country, exclusive of improvements.

Self assessment; right of resumption by the State on the basis of such assessment.

  ― 623 ―

Repurchase of estates for Closer Settlement.

Government advances to settlers on easy terms.

No further alienation of Crown lands.


Free primary, secondary, technical, and University education, with all requisites supplied by the State. Attendance at primary schools to be compulsory.


Restriction of State borrowing; loan moneys to be used solely for reproductive works.

Exemption from direct taxation of incomes under £125 per annum in the case of unmarried persons, and £150 in the case of married persons, with £10 further exemption for every child dependent on the taxpayer.

Establishment of a Public Trust Office.

Old age pensions.

Provisions for all permanently disabled persons and widows and orphans.


Establishment of a Department of Labor.

Legalised eight hour day, and 5½-day week of 44 hours, where practicable.

A Workmen and Contractors' Lien Act.

Minimum wage in all Government and municipal contracts.

Compulsory Arbitration.

Wages Boards.

Equal pay for equal work for both sexes.

Shops and Factories Act; compulsory early closing and weekly half-holiday.

Workman's Compensation.

Abolition of the Truck system.

State pulping works.


State ownership and control of the liquor traffic, with provision for local option.


Referendum as to whether Tattersalls should continue as at present, be abolished, or conducted by the State.

State Pledge.

Candidates for selection must sign, prior to nomination, the following Pledge:—I hereby pledge myself not to oppose the selected candidate of this or any other Branch of the

  ― 624 ―
Tasmanian Workers' Political League. I also pledge myself, if returned to Parliament, on all occasions to do my utmost to ensure the carrying out of the principles embodied in the Labor Platform, and on all such questions affecting the fate of a Government, to vote as a majority of the Labor Party may decide at a duly constituted caucus meeting.

49. Federal Convention, 1897.

Labor Platform of New South Wales and Tasmania.

1. The name of the Federation shall be the Australian Commonwealth.

2. The Federal Parliament shall consist of a House of Representatives elected on a population basis of single seat electorates, by adult suffrage, and a Second Chamber elected on the same franchise, each Colony voting as one constituency.

3. Limitation of the power of veto on the part of the Second Chamber.

4. Introduction of a system of non-party Government by the election of Ministers.

5. Direct initiation of legislation by the people, and the Referendum.

6. Payment of members.

7. The future exclusion from residence and citizenship within Federal territory of undesirable aliens.

8. Governor-General, all State Governors, judges and magistrates to be elected.

50. First Federal Labor Platform.

(Adopted at an Interstate Conference held January 24, 1900.)

General Legislation.

1. Electoral Reform, providing for one adult one vote.

2. Total exclusion of colored and other undesirable races.

3. Old age pensions.

  ― 625 ―

Constitutional Reform.

4. The Federal Constitution to be amended to provide for—

  • (a) The Initiative and Referendum for the alteration of the Constitution.
  • (b) Substitution of the National Referendum for the double dissolution for the settlement of deadlocks between the two Houses.


I hereby pledge myself not to oppose any selected candidate. I also pledge myself, if returned to the Commonwealth Parliament, to do my utmost to ensure the carrying out of the principles embodied in the Federal Labor Platform, and on all such questions to vote as a majority of the Federal Labor Party may decide at a duly constituted caucus meeting.

51. Commonwealth Labor Platform, 1908.

Name—Australian Labor Party.


(a) The cultivation of an Australian sentiment, based upon the maintenance of racial purity, and the development in Australia of an enlightened and self-reliant community.

(b) The securing of the full results of their industry to all producers by the collective ownership of monopolies, and the extension of the industrial and economic functions of the State and Municipality.

Fighting Platform.

1. Maintenance of White Australia.

2. The New Protection.

3. Nationalisation of monopolies.

4. Graduated Tax on unimproved land values.

5. Citizens Defence Force.

6. Commonwealth Bank.

7. Restriction of public borrowing.

8. Navigation laws.

9. Arbitration Act Amendment.

  ― 626 ―

General Platform.

1. Maintenance of a White Australia.

2. New Protection—Amendment of Constitution to ensure effective Federal legislation for New Protection and Arbitration.

3. Nationalisation of monopolies—if necessary, amendment of Constitution to provide for same.

4. Graduated Land Tax—Graduated tax on all estates over £5000 in value on an unimproved basis.

5. Citizen Defence Force, with compulsory military training, and Australian-owned and controlled Navy.

6. Commonwealth Bank of Issue, Deposit, Exchange, and Reserve, with non-political management.

7. Restriction of Public Borrowing.

8. Navigation Laws to provide—(a) for the protection of Australian shipping against unfair competition; (b) registration of all vessels engaged in the coastal trade; (c) the efficient manning of vessels; (d) the proper supply of life-saving and other equipments; (e) the registration of hours and conditions of work; (f) proper accommodation for passengers and seamen; (g) proper loading gear and inspection of same; (h) compulsory insurance by ship-owners against accident or death.

9. Arbitration Act Amendment, to provide for Preference to Unionists and exclusion of the legal profession, with provision for the inclusion of all State Government employees.

10. Old age and invalid pensions.

11. General Insurance Department, with non-political management.

12. Civil equality of men and women.

13. Naval and military expenditure to be allotted from proceeds of direct taxation.

14. Initiative and Referendum.


I hereby pledge myself not to oppose the candidate selected by the recognised political Labor organization, and, if elected, to do my utmost to carry out the principles embodied in the Australian Labor Party's platform, and on all questions affecting the Platform to vote as a majority of the Parliamentary Party may decide at a duly constituted caucus meeting.

  ― 627 ―

52. Postal Banking Scheme.

The general principles of the following scheme for the establishment of a National Postal Bank were adopted at the Interstate Conference of 1908. The scheme was drafted by Labor member King O'Malley and formed part of his proposal for handling the finances of the States and Commonwealth:—

The National Postal Bank.

1. In order to facilitate and economise the carrying out of the financial transactions of the Commonwealth and the States, and especially those connected with the conversion, redemption, renewal, and issue of loans, it is proposed to establish a National Bank of Deposit, Issue, Exchange, and Reserve.

2. It is proposed:—

(i.) That this bank shall be conducted purely as a Government Department, absolutely free from political control.

(ii.) That it shall be so constituted as to possess all the powers and immunities requisite to its security, to the recovery of its debts, and to the disposal of its property.

(iii.) That its capital shall be represented by 12,000 shares, of £100 each, of which at least 6000 shall be in the hands of the Commonwealth Government, and that of the balance no State Government shall hold more than 1000 shares.

(iv.) That the shares of the bank shall be transferable only to the Governments of the Commonwealth and the States; that the failure of any or all of the States Governments to subscribe shall not prevent the bank from commencing operations; and that in the event of a State Government desiring to dispose of shares in the bank, the Commonwealth Government shall have the first option of purchasing.

(v.) That the Commonwealth and State Governments holding shares shall be jointly and severally liable in respect of all transactions of the bank.

(vi.) That the bank shall act as the agent for the Mint in the purchase of raw gold and silver and the issue of coin.

(vii.) That the bank shall be empowered to issue notes which shall, throughout the Commonwealth, be legal tender at all places except the head office of the bank in each State; and that at such head offices payment of the value

  ― 628 ―
of notes presented may be made in gold or Commonwealth Consols, at the option of the Comptroller-General of the bank.

(viii.) That the bank shall become the repository for the payments from time to time in respect of the Consolidated Revenue, Loan, and Trust Funds of the Commonwealth and State Governments, and the funds of municipal bodies, and shall pay interest on the daily balances thereof

(ix.) That the bank shall provide for temporary advances by way of overdraft to Commonwealth and State Governments and municipal bodies.

(x.) That the bank shall, in other respects, carry on an ordinary banking business, receiving from the public moneys on current account or fixed deposit, and making advances on good security.

(xi.) That the bank shall carry out the inscription of all Commonwealth and State Inscribed Stock, and make all arrangements necessary for the conversion, redemption, renewal or issue of Commonwealth, State, and Municipal loans.

(xii.) That the Board of Management of the bank shall consist of a Comptroller-General, representing the Commonwealth, and one representative from each of the subscribing States.

(xiii.) That the Treasurer of the Commonwealth shall be entitled to attend all meetings, and inspect all proceedings of the Board of Management.

(xiv.) That all payments to be made in London by Commonwealth or State Governments shall be made through the medium of the bank.

(xv.) That the General Post Office in each capital shall be the head office of the bank in that State, and that any post-office within the Commonwealth carrying on the business of a money-order office may be constituted a branch of the bank.

(xvi.) That the bank shall be a bank of reserve for the deposit of reserves of the banking companies operating in the Commonwealth.

(xvii.) That the regulations requisite for controlling shall be drawn up by the Board of Management of the bank and the Council of the Associated Banks of Australia, and approved by the Governor-General in Council.

(xviii.) That a branch of the bank shall be established in London.

(xix.) That at the London office, and at the head office of the bank in each State, Commonwealth Consols shall be obtainable in sums of £10 and upwards.

  ― 629 ―

53. Honor List Of Union Prisoners.

The following Unionists were sent to prison for periods varying from four months to seven years for alleged breaches of unjust law vindictively administered. The list is not complete. It is for New South Wales for 1891-1894.

Ashton, J.

Armstrong, Alex.

Belfitt, A. A.

Bruce, G.

Brown, J.

Berkely, Henry

Blair, Wm.

Bonner, Thomas

Bolger, John

Casey, James

Collins, Alfred

Cama, J. E.

Costello, Michael

Coleman, Wm.

Currie, Thomas

Davidson, W.

Donnelan, James

Douglas, A.

Devlin, B.

Enright, J.

Elliott, T.

Ewan, W.

Ferguson, W. J.

Fitzpatrick, P.

Glindon, P.

Graham, Hugh

Graham, Jack

Gearing, J.

Gerstenkorn, H.

Hewitt, R. H.

Heberle, Herman

Herr, Albert

Hogan, M.

Hurley, F.

Innes, David

Jones, John

Jackson, W.

Kelly, Matt.

Keogh, M.

King, W.

Laracy, J.

Lawless, Henry

Lee, Brian

McDonald, Jack

McOid, Hugh

McLean, Wm.

Murphy, John

Murphy, Charles

Montgomery, Alfred

Moss, H.

McKenzie, G.

Marsden, J.

Noble, J.

Olsen, Peter

Osborne, Hector

O'Neill, Andrew

Oliver, C.

Price, Wm.

Polkinghorne, E. C.

Pahae, Paul

Parker, John

Ross, A.

Reinecke, E.

Richardson, Robert

Ryan, J.

Stiff, Joseph

Sleath, Richard

Skelton, C.

Sullivan, Thomas

Springfield, Frank

Thomas, W.

Townsend, S.

Tyson, Wm.

Thomas, T.

Vergin, John

Williams, Henry

White, J.

Williams, W.

Woodcock, John J.

Wyend, W.

  ― 630 ―

The following list comprises Queensland Unionists who were sent to jail by a corrupt capitalistic Government for periods of from three to fifteen years—1891-4:—

Bennet, W. J.

Bowes, D.

Cowling, E.

Fotheringham, W.

Forrester, A.

Griffin, P. F.

Hamilton, W.



Latrielle, C. F.

Loyola, John

MacNamara, J.

Martin, James

Murphy, D.


Prince, E. R.


Stuart, J. A.

Smith-Barry, H. C.

Taylor, George

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