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The Principal Desiderata

of a Federal Capital, as defined by Sir Samuel Griffith, Chief Justice of Queensland, in his “Notes on Federation, are:

  • I. CENTRALITY AND ACCESSIBILITY OF SITUATION.
  • II. SALUBRITY.
  • III. CAPACITY FOR IMPREGNABLE DEFENCE.

With regard to the Commonwealth at large, these considerations must be determined in favour of any place before it can have the least pretension to be regarded as a desirable site; it must be central, it must be healthy and subject to agreeable climatic conditions, it must be either impregnable or capable of being made so at a minimum of cost to the nation.

But these are not all the points which demand attention, inasmuch as the claims of any site must be weighed also with reference to New South Wales only. Such other considerations are:

  • IV. THE COMMERCIAL RELATIONS OF THE FEDERAL TERRITORY TO SYDNEY.
  • V. ITS SOCIAL RELATIONS,
  • VI. ITS RELATION TO NEW STATES TO BE FORMED OUT OF NEW SOUTH WALES TERRITORY.

Furthermore:

  • VII. THE PROCESS OF NATIONALISING THE TERRITORY MUST NOT INVOLVE EITHER NEW SOUTH WALES OR THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN DIFFICULTIES OF A LEGAL NATURE.

And other considerations to be taken account of are:

  • VIII. THE FEDERAL OR ANTI-FEDERAL SYMPATHIES OF THE PRESENT POPULACE.
  • IX. THE CAPACITY OF THE PLACE FOR ARCHITECTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL EXPANSION.




  ― 10 ―

Let us see how Bathurst, Bathurst district, and the people of the district stand with relation to the whole of these points.

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