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Salubrity.

Of other main things to be desired in connection with the Federal Capital we proceed to consider the quality of salubrity and climatic agreeableness. Bathurst is central and accessible. But what are the climatic conditions which govern life in her homes? Are they such as render mere existence a burden or a pleasure? Are they favourable to general health, to convalescence after illness, and to longevity? Here again the answers are not derived from impressions and inferences, but are supplied by facts as clear and unmistakable as are the data referring to Bathurst's centrality and accessibleness of situation. Bathurst's mean temperature is 56 degrees, and her height above sea level 2150 feet. She has, of course, her hot days and her boisterous and inclement days; but the variations of temperature are seldom extreme and unreasonable, and, unlike the experiences of other places, are so far from being dangerous and depressing that the constitutionally weak sooner recuperate than under similar temperature conditions elsewhere. It is within the experience of almost every medical man in Australia that invalids can live and recover soundness of health through residence in Bathurst who have abandoned hope after residence in the sanitoria of the other colonies, and of the southern portions of


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New South Wales. The district indeed has secured, thanks to the health-giving attribntes of its site, its scenic surroundings, and its atmosphere, a more than Australian renown. According to Fagge's “Principles,” one of the most recent and authoritative of medical works, Bathurst is given first place among the health resorts in the Southern Hemisphere for cases of chest disease requiring the purest atmosphere. Finally, the longevity of her residents makes the town and district phenomenal in New South Wales. It has a long list of centenarians, nonogenarians, and octogenarians—men and women who lived and worked in the vicinity for fifty, or sixty, or seventy years; while the city to-day numbers among her people scores of persons who have seen the allotted threescore and ten of mortal existence, and still are hearty and hale, and these have been resident for many years. If the Federal Parliament has to meet for summer and autumn sessions, then there are numerous less desirable places than Bathurst, even among so called summer resorts, in which to pass the hot season, and if the winter and spring months witness the assembling of the Legislature, then the conditions that make for health, comfort, and enjoyment, are more readily to be obtained in Bathurst than in any other place that is putting forth claims to be chosen as the site for the Capital. In legislating for a nation, it is of the highest degree of importance that the men engaged in the work shall live in circumstances favourable to the maintenance of a high standard of health; for it is apparent to every reflecting person that legislation performed by men irritated and depressed by unhygienic surroundings must be crude and imperfect compared with that proceeding from men whose mental powers are not prejudiced by physical illness or discomfort.

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