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The Capital and new States.

Cognate considerations with respect to new states which may be formed out of New South Wales territory must present themselves to the contemplation of Sydney merchants and its people generally. It is inevitable that in a generation or so, at least two new States will be carved out of the mother province: one to the west; the other that of the Riverina. With the Capital in the West, it would still be the link and meeting point of the


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new Western State interests and those of the great Eastern seaport. But, if some other place be chosen, it is within the bounds of probability that the Capital of the new State would be so situated that it would prove a contributory to the aggrandisement of Adelaide. With Bathurst as the Federal Capital, it would naturally act as a converging centre for all Western interests for the period which will elapse before a new State is created. Lines of trade and connections of business will be formed in that time which cannot be uprooted even if there were the desire to do so; and these would, of course, be in large measure subserving also the interests of Sydney seaboard. Free the West from that centripetal force which would cause it naturally to concentrate on Bathurst as the Federal Capital, and there would be no strong gravitation of interest towards Sydney. It is more than likely the tendency will be towards Adelaide. Again, we repeat that far-sighted policy will take into account the obvious deduction from the facts, geographical and industrial, of Western life and settlement, that IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WEST LIES THE KEY TO THE FUTURE PROSPERITY OF THE MOTHER PROVINCE, AND ITS METROPOLIS. With Bathurst as the Capital, Sydney and New South Wales as a whole could contemplate the severance of territory in the West for the purpose of forming a new State with equanimity.

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