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April 1789

                                                             
Week Days  Mo Days  Winds  Landing & Surf  Observation &c  Transactions on Norfolk Island state of Wr &c 
Wednesy  1st  NE  A very heavy Surf.  Very Strong Gales of Wind & dark Cloudy Weather with some showers of Rain, People all employed as before—2 Men ss 1 Marine & Convict Blacksmiths Employed as before at 7 P.M. Fired a 3 pounder as a direction for two Marines who had lost themselves in the Woods. at 8 P.M. they returned having heard the Gun. 
Thursday  2nd  NE  Do  Very Strong Gales of Wind & Cloudy Wr People Employed as before. Died a Sow of Governments the apparent cause of it was occassioned by eating a quantity of the Fern root—Sowed ¾ of an Acre of Ground with Wheat. A Very heavy Sea runs in the Bay— 
Friday  3rd  NNE  Very good Landing.  Fresh Gales & Cloudy People all employed at Task Work at 8 A.M. Sent the Coble without the Reef to fish at noon she retd without having caught any—sent them to fish behind ye Reef in order to compleat ye Survey of the 29th March which was compleated— 
Saturday  4th  Do  Do  Do Wr People employed at their Gardens &c. Too much Sea without to send the Coble out— 
Sunday  5th  North  Not a break of a Surf.  Strong Gales & Dark Gloomy Weather. at 5 PM. came on heavy rain with some Thunder & Lightning. at 10 AM. performed Divine Service. Thos Jones Convict acquainted the Commandant that his Term of Transportn expired this Day, on which the Commandant declared him to be a freeman & at liberty to work for the Crown, or Individuals untill His Excellency the Governor in Chiefs order should be received respecting him.note 
Monday  6th  + Varble  but little Surf.  Sent the Coble out & served 9lb of Fish for ½ a lb of Pork—  Moderate breezes & very pleasant Weather 30 Men employed at Task Work. Sowed 1 Acre of Wheat in Arthurs Vale, Carpenters building a Store house & Sawyers Sawing for it Boards— 
Tuesday  7th  Nory  Very good Landing.  Upward of 80 Large hooks have been broken & near 3 dozen of Lines carried away by the very large Sharks & Rock Cod which abound here, The largest hooks with links are quite necessary  Do Wr People all employed at Task Work Carpenters at Task Work building a Store house. at daylight sent the Coble to fish at Noon she brought a quantity but not sufficient to serve all hands. at ye rate of 3 lb of Fish for 1 lb of Beef 
Wednesday  8th  Varble  Do  Moderate Breezes & very pleasant Weather, at day light sent the Coble without the Reef to fish at Noon she retd with just sufficient to serve the people that were not served Yesterday All the Hooks & a large line carried away by very large fish. at 4 P.M. punished Noah Mortimer Convict with 5 Dozen Lashes for refusing to Work, on being ordered by the overseer, this is the sixth offence of the Kind he has been guilty of 
Thursday  9th  ESE  Do  Do Wr & rather Sultry, Got the Forge up again & employed Jno Willamson Marine, Making Fish-hooks, ye large fish having carried away all the hooks which were brought & sent here as also six made since. People all empd at Task Work— 
Friday  10  NE  Do  Fresh Gales & dark Cloudy Weather, this being Good Friday no work was done & performed divine Service.— 
Saturday  11th  NE  Not the least Surf  Blacksmith finished six hooks & Chains for fishing—10 of the Convicts were lost in the Woods owing to the darkness of the Wr. Fired 2 Great Guns for them at 9 they returned being directed by the Guns—  Strong Gales of Wind & hard Rain most part of the day. 3 of the Tasks finished—sent the Coble out but it blowing so very strong was obliged to return immediately. 
Sunday  12th  Do NW  Do  The Beans & many other things growing at the Garden in the Vale, is quite Blighted by the WNW Wind, which confirms me in the Idea of not sowing any Garden seed before June. It is very unfortunate that I am obliged to sow all the potatoes as they grow out fast, & to keep them would be loosing them entireley & I think there is a great chance of their not doing well at this Season, but every precaution will be taken for their preservation.  Very Strong Gales of Wind & some very heavy gusts accompanied with heavy torrents of Rain at 11 A.M. Performed divine Service 1 Man ss. 
Monday  13th  S.b.W.  A Very heavy Surf.  Very heavy Gales of Wind & the Gusts frequent & very Strong, at 3 A.M. it came on to blow much harder & ye Wind shifted from WNW to S.W: There being four pines left standing which made it dangerous for the people to Stay in their houses called every one up & fell the above four pines. The People empd a part at Task Work & a part Sowing 3 Acres of Wheat, with 4 Bushell & one peck of Seed—This is ye upper patch. 
Tuesday  14th  SSE  Do  Strong Gales of Wind with Squalls, Two Gangs Clearing away ground at the Garden & ye other 3 Gangs time is not yet Expired, put one of them to dig out a Cellar under the new Storehouse for containing Salt provisions. 
Wednesy  15th  South  A great Surf.  Strong Gales of Wind & Cloudy Weather with some Squalls of heavy Rain the People all Employed as before This is the first Southerly wind which has blown with any degree of Force & from the 6th of March (ye day I landed) to the 1st of April we had no Southerly winds which makes me imagine that the Southerly & Westerly Winds are not frequent in the Summer not having Experienced one Gale from that Quarter during the Last Summer— 
Thursday  16th  SSE  Do  Do Wr with Squalls as before, 3 Gangs employed sowing 3 Acres of Ground in the Vale & one bringing in Stakes & Flax for repairing the Guard house &c. The Weather is rather sharp & Cold. 2 Men ss. 
Friday  17th  SE  A decreasing Surf  Moderate Gales & Squalley Weather. 2 Gangs bringing in Flax &c for rebuilding the Guard house & 2 Gangs getting Timber off The Hill— 2 Men ss— 
Saturday  18th  Do  Do  Do Wr with some showers. People Employed Working for themselves, 
Sunday  19th  ESE Calm.  Very good Landing.  Moderate Breezes & Warm Weather. at daylight sent the Coble without the Reef to fish at Noon she returned with sufficient to serve ½ the people. at 11 AM performed Divine Service— 
Monday  20th  NE  Not the least Surf—  Reced Fish enough by the Coble to compleat the Serving of Yesterday.  Do Wr with Clear pleasant Serene Weather & rather Sultry. 3 Gangs of 6 Men each clearing away ground, in the Vale 4 Men assisting the Surgeon & Midshipman in clearing their Garden Ground &c. Sawyers at Task Work & Blacksmiths making bolts & hinges for the Commandants house. Carpenters about the Commandants house as there is not a sufficiency of Boards cut for their going on about the Store house. Levingstone making a Spinning Wheel for making fishing lines. 
Tuesday  21st  NNW  Do  Eight acres of Wheat is up & has a very fine appearance vizt seven acres in the Vale & one in the Back field—  Fresh Gales & Cloudy Weather at daylight sent the Coble to fish at noon she returned with fish sufficient to serve a great part of the people in lieu of ½ a lb of Pork—The People all employed as before. Carpenters making a roller for rolling Wheat. 
Wednesday  22nd  NW WSW  Not the Least Surf  I shall be obliged to break up the first gang, as The Shingle maker is in it. & as it will be necessary to make the landing Place as commodious & safe as possible shall not form that Gang again as they are six of the best convicts on the Island. & will do a great deal of necessary Work in the farming Way & still be kept at Task Work—for this month to come it will be necessary to keep them at short Tasks on acct. of Clearing away the Reef at Low water.—sent the Coble out she brought fish enough to compleat Saturdays Serving  Very Strong Gales of Wind & dark Cloudy Wr with some very heavy Squalls of Rain—at daylight sent the Coble out to fish & received by her a Sufficiency to serve the people—Empd 4 Men working for 2 hours at knocking off the outer part of the Reef to facilitate the entrance of Boats. One Man making Shingles to cover the Store house & 2 others cross cutting 
Thursday  23rd  S.W.  A great Surf  Moderate Gales with some heavy Squalls of Rain, People all employed as before 
Friday  24th  Do  But little Surf.  Moderate breezes & Clear Wr People all empd as before. at ½ Ebb employed Six men to knock away the outer part of the Reef till ½ tide. 
Saturday  25th  WSW  Do  Do Wr People employed Working for themselves at Noon sett a party of Hands about clearg away ye outer part of the Reef till ½ flood. 2 Men ss—Sent the Coble out & reced sufft to serve most part of the people. 
Sunday  26  Do  Not any Surf.  Very pleasant Serene fine Weather. at 10 AM performed Divine Service —1 Convict Lame. Confined John Williams Marine for breeding a Quarrell & fighting with one of his Comrades in a Convicts house. 
Monday  27th  Do, WSW  Do, Not the least Surf  On the 29th I found that 30 Bundles of Flax put into Soak in Octr was sufficiently rotted to pass it thro' the Hackle broke off 4 Men to Clean it. I think that had there been a large pitt made & a great quantity of the Flax put in, that it would have been in a state of preparation much sooner— I mean to let it remain 3 days longer in the Water & on Monday next to make the Women Wash it in running Water, & afterwards dry it & then pass it thro' the Hackles.  Do Wr at 10 AM Assembled the Marines & Free people under arms; under the Flaggstaff on which the Colours were hoisted & punished John Williams Marine with 1 Dozen Lashes for Challenging his Comrade, & unsoldier like behaviour & one Dozen Lashes Striking & fighting with his Comrade in a Convicts house. 3 Gangs at Task Work Clearing Ground, four Convicts assisting the Mid. & Surgeon—one Gang making Shingles & Clearing away the landing place at ye lowwater Sawyers Sawing board &c for the Store house & Carpenters Employed Variously— 
Tuesday  28th  Do  Do  Moderate Breezes & Cloudy. The people all employed as before at Day light sent the Coble out to fish at Noon she returned with sufficient to serve all but eight—1 Man Lame & one Sick. 
Wednesday  29th  Nory ± Varb.  Do  Do Wr had three very heavy Squalls of Rain from the Westward, People all employed as before 1 Man Lame & 1 Sick the Coble brought in fish enough to serve for this Week— 
Thursday  30th  East  Do  very warm Weather  Do Wr People all employed as before—The Weather has been very pleasant all this Month, & this day is as warm as the midst of Summer, altho' it cannot be said the we have experienced any Sultry Weather. 1 Man Lame. 

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