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June 1789

                                                             
Week Days  Mo Days  Winds  Landing & Surf  Observation &c  Transactions on Norfolk Island state of Wr &c 
Monday  1st  SW.  Very good Landing  Excessive heavy rain, during the night, at daylight Fresh breezes & Cloudy Wr 3 Gangs Cutting down Trees & Clearing 3 Acres of Ground on this Side the hill, The time of one Gang not Yet Expired. Sawyers Sawing Weather boarding &c Carpenters Time not Expired, Reced Fish enough by the Coble to compleat Last serving. 2 Lame one Sick 
Tuesday  2nd  WbS.  A great Sea bad Landing.  Strong Gales of Wind & Cloudy Wr with frequent Squalls of very heavy rain, People all Employed as Yesterday 2 Lame & one sick— 
Wednesday  3rd  WSW  Do  The Gale still continues with great Violence People all Employed As before, 2 Lame & 1 Sick. Killed a boar belonging to ye Crown & deducted ye Weight 40lb from My Allce of Salt provisions. 
Thursday  4th  SW, South, West  Do, Very Bad Landing.  Fresh Gales & Cloudy with some Squalls of Rain at Sunrise hoisted ye Colours in observance of His Majesties Birth day, at Noon Assembled The Marines & Militia under arms on the Parade. The Male Convicts drawn up on one Side & ye Other A Guard brought ye Colours out & planted them on one of the Guns, fired 3 rounds of ye Great Guns & Small Arms after which the whole gave 3 Cheers. When they were dismissed, gave the Marines double allowance of Rum, to each of the Male Convicts ½ a pint & to each Woman one Pint of Wine at Night Bonfires were lighted & ye front Windows of my house was illuminated As this is the first Celebration of His Majesties Birth-day on this Island I forgave Thos Watson a Convict till now under confinement for theft which was proved on him & he was intended to be sent to Port Jackson to be tryed for it 2 Lame 1 Sick—NB 3 rounds of the Great Guns were fired on drinking His Majesties health after dinner; having invited all the Officers to dinner on the occassion 
Friday  5th  South.  Bad Landg  The Caterpillars are quite gone & ye four acres of Wheat are shortly out again—3 Acres are quite destroyed—  Fresh Gales & Cloudy Wr People all employed as before I went to Cascade bay where the Water is as smooth as possible & not a break of a Surf on the beach—2 Lame 1 Sick—The Rod of Wheat sowed on the 29th May is up & has a very fine appearance— 
Saturday  6th  SSE  good Landing  Little Wind & pleasant Weather, people working at their Gardens &c 
Sunday  7th  East  Do  Do Wr at Daylight sent the Coble out at Noon she returned with only 7 Fish performed Divine Service— 
Monday  8th  Do  No Surf  Very pleasant Weather 9 Gangs Clearing Ground, one Felling Timber & 3 Men making Drills for Wheat The Coble out all day & caught Only 6 Fish—Carpenters & Sawyers about a house for Mr Marley & ye Carpenters 2 sick & 2 Lame Women gathering Roots 
Tuesday  NW  No Surf.  Variable Wr with Some very Strong Squalls of Wind & Rain at daylight sent the Coble out to fish at 10 The Wr having a very threatning appearance fired a 3 p[ounde]r for her to return reced only 7 Fish. Broke off one Gang in the Afternoon to enlarge the opening of ye reef 2 Sick & one Lame 
Wednesdy  10th  WNW SW  Do A Very Light Surf  In the Morning Little Wind & Cloudy Wr Launched the Coble, but expecting bad Wr hauled her up again, People all Employed as before. 2 sick & 3 Lame sowed 1 Peck & one Gill of Wheat in half an acre drilling it in—The Coble Men Barking fallen pines to prevent the Worm eating into them— 
Thursday  11th  SW to South  Do  Very Strong Gales of Wind & Cloudy Wr with freqt heavy Squalls of Wind & Rain People all Employed as before 2 ss. 3 Lame. Sowed ye Remainder of Plot hill with Wheat drilling it in, The Side sown containing 60 Rods & whole Quantity of Grain put in is 30 pints—Sowed also—18 pints of Marrow fat pease. 
Friday  12th  South  Do  Do Wr with less frequent Squalls of Wind & Rain People all employed as before 
Saturday  13th  WSW  A Very high Surf  Fresh Gales & Squally, at day light sat ye Supply in the Road. The Flood tide running Strong, a Great Swell & little Wind prevented her getting to Ball Bay untill 3 o'clock when I received my Despatches. 3 sick & 2 Lame. punished Mary Gamble with 3 dozen lashes for theft. 
Sunday  14th  Little Winds E.S.E.  Bad landing till High Water.  Moderate Gales & Cloudy Wr the Surf high untill high Water at 3 P.M. then landed from the Supply Lieut John Cresswell & 14 Private Marines with a part of their Baggage. 
Monday  15th  East  A Very high Surf.  Fresh Gales & Cloudy. Supply in the Road no boat could Land. 3 Gangs Clearing away one Turning up Ground Sawyers sawing boards for finishing one house for ye Commandg Officer of ye Troops. 
Tuesday  16th  E.S.E  Do & Moderate  Moderate Gales & dark Cloudy Wr The Surf has been dangerous till, 3 P.M. then moderate enough to receive in shoar 2 boat loads of Baggage, belonging to the Troops People all employed as before, 2 sick & 3 Lame— 
Wednesday  17th  Variable ENE  Very good Landing  Little Winds & very pleasant Wr in the Course of ye day received 5 Tunns of ye Supplys 2 Boats & ye Coble laden with provisions & Stores—People Empd getting Wood to ye Pitt for building a New boat the Carpenter of the Supply being landed for that purpose. 
Thursday  18th  East  Do  Do Wr Reced all but 16 Casks of Flour from ye Supply in the Course of the Day The Surf increasing very much in thenote Evening made ye Signal for ye Supply to hoist ye Coble in. Gangs as before. 
Friday  19th  Do  A very great Surf.  Fresh Breezes & Cloudy Wr with a great Sea & Surf people all empd as Yesty Sawyers sawing boards for building ye Boat. 
Saturday  20th  Do  Do  Do Wr The Supply standing on & off People all Empd as before 
Sunday  21st  ENE  Good Landing.  Light winds & pleasant Wr at noon reced all our provisions & stores from the Supply 
Monday  22nd  ENE  Good Landing  Moderate Breezes & very pleasant Wr People all empd as before one Gang sending off Plank & Water on board ye Supply. Sent a Crossjack Yard & Topsail &c on board the Supply 
Tuesday  23rd  NE  Do  Very pleasant Wr People all employed as before & one Gang sending off Water &c on board ye Supply. & The Carpenter of ye Supply building a boat. 
Wednesy  24th  Do  Do  Drilled in 2 peck of Wheat in 1 Acre of Ground—  Fresh breezes & Cloudy Wr People all employed as before, Carpenter of ye Supply building a Boat sent off Water &c onboard ye Supply. 
Thursday  25th  Do WSW SW  Bad Landg  Sowed an Acre of Wheat in Vale with 1 & ½ bushell of Seed  Strong Gales with some Squalls at 9 the Supply passed between Neps Island & Pt Hunter People all empd as before. Sowed 1¼ Acre of Wheat with 1½ bushell of Wheat. 
Friday  26  SW  A heavy Sea & Surf  Sowed 2 Acres of Ground with Wheat Seed—  The Gale very heavy & the Squalls frequent sent round to ye Lee Side of ye Island but could not see the Supply. People all empd as before— Punished—[William] Holmes Convict with 3 dozen lashes for absenting himself from his task. 
Saturday  27th  SW South SE  A very great Surf  Very Strong Gales of Wind with heavy Squalls of Wind & Rain— People working for themselves sent round to Cascade Bay but could not see the Supply. 
Sunday  28th  ENE  Surf decreasing  The Gales more moderate, Saw nothing of the Supply suppose she is drove to Leeward of the Island, & cannot beat up at 11 A.M. performed divine Service The Carpenter of ye Supply &c employed about the Boat— 
Monday  29th  Varble  good Landing  Light Winds & thick Cloudy Wr 3 Gangs Clearing away on Mount George, 8 Men making a fence hedge round the Garden in the Vale As ye last SE Wind, has much Injured the potatoes & other things Growing there—Carpenter of the Supply &c making a Boat 2 ss & 3 Lame Supply not in Sight. 
Tuesday  30th  NE  Do  Fresh Gales & Cloudy Wr People all employed as before, at daylight the Supply pulld out to ye Southward, & working up. at 4 P.M. sent ye Carpenter of ye Supply & my dispatches onboard by the Coble, & soon after sailed the Supply for Port Jackson. The new boat not quite finished but we can go on. 

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