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December 1789

                                                               
Week days  Mo days  Winds  Landing & Surf  Observations &c  Transactions on Norfolk Island state of the Weather &c — 
Tuesday  1st  Varble  Do  In ye Evening Squally Wr with heavy rain  Do Wr People all as before Carpenter Flooring Lieutt Cresswells house Reced Fish enough by ye Coble to serve a part of ye People. 
Wednesday  2nd  Varble  good Landing  It is rather Extraordinary that ye Supply when 2° to ye Southward of this had Constant heavy Rains whereas for this Considerable time past we have had a very great drought —  Moderate Breezes & Cloudy Hot Sultry Wr People all employed as before. 6 Men Making an inclosure with Stakes round the Barn reced fish enough to compleat ye serving of Yesterday 2lb of Fish in lieu of ½ lb of Pork. 
Thursday  3rd  SSW  Do  Fresh Breezes & pleasant Weather at Daylight perceived His Majesties Armed Tender Supply at 8 Reced ye Letters & in ye Course of the day eight Women Convicts landed & a part of the Provisions & Stores. The people all employed as before. Reaping Wheat. 
Friday  4th  Do  Indifferent Landing.  First part Do Wr People all employed as before. Reced one turn of provisions & Stores. In the Afternoon Fresh Gales with Squalls of Rain The Supply standing off & on People all employed as before. The Weather is remarkably Cold & raw 
Saturday  SSW  Bad Landing  This day put the Settlement to an allowance of 2/3rd of all spieces per order of His Excellency the Governor.  Strong Gales all day, at 9 the Supply bore up & ran to Leeward of the Island Messrs Jamieson & Cresswell went onboard her People Working for themselves. 
Sunday  6th  SSE  Do  More Moderate at 10 A.M. performed divine Service Went onboard ye Supply 
Monday  7th  SE  Do  Pleasant Wr Got every thing & person from the Supply at 4 P.M. she sailed hence for Port Jackson — 
Tuesday  8th  ESE  Very good Landing  Three Men Threshing out Wheat. + The Catterpillars are still very troublesome destroying every plant & Vegetable. The Wheat is nearly all ripe but there are many patches which are still quite green it is my intention to begin reaping ye Whole of it next Week & letting the Green patches remain, as the Parroquets are destroying vast quantitys of it  Moderate Breezes & very pleasant Weather People making a staked Fence round the Barn in Arthurs Vale others bringing in Wood. Carpenters about Messrs Cresswell & Jamiesons houses — 
Wednesday  9th  Do  Do  Do Wr People all Employed as before 6 Men Turning up a piece of Ground to Sow potatoes on. sent ye Coble fishing she returned not having caught any + 
Thursday  10th  Do  Do  Do Wr & very Sultry. People all Employed as before The Coble returned with Fish enough to serve every person 2 lb in lieu of ½ a lb of Pork, viz. from ye Short allowance 
Friday  11th  Do  Do  Light Winds & Very Sultry hot Wr Six men reaping Corn 3 Thrashing. 8 bringing in Thatch 4 Carrying Wheat to ye Barn. & ye Rest Empd Cross Cutting Timber. 
Saturday  12th  Do  Do  Do Wr the People Working for themselves Excepting two Men thrashing out Wheat 
Sunday  13th  Do  Do  Do Wr at 10 AM performed divine Service 
Monday  14th  NNW  good Landing  Strong Gales of Wind & very dark Cloudy Wr threatning much Rain. Most of ye People Employed Getting in the Harvest Thrashing &c. at Noon punished Jno Anderson Convict with 200 Lashes for Robbing a Garden, pursuant to the Sentence of the two Justices & Wm Blackhall Convict with 50 lashes for treating Mr Dunnavan with Contempt & ye Commandants orders with Insolence — 
Tuesday  15th  Do, SSE, SE  Bad Landing  This is the first rain that we have had to speak of since ye 23rd of Septr  A Very heavy Gale of Wind untill 2 AM with Constant heavy Showers of Rain untill 6 AM at 2 AM. ye Wind shifted in a Squall to SSE & Continued blowing Strong all Day. People all employed about the harvest &c — 
Wednesday  16th  ESE  A great Surf  + The Wheat I much fear will be spoiled if this Wet Wr Continue long. a Rick of about 2 Acres is up. 3 Acres cutt is on the Ground. The Wet Wr coming on before it could be taken up 3 Acres is not yet Cut down but is dead ripe.  Fresh Gales & dark Cloudy Wr People all Employed getting in the Harvest. Threshing out Wheat & making Ricks &c — in ye Evening drizzling rain. 
Thursday  17th  Do  Do  Do Wr with Constant heavy Rain all Day No harvest Work could be done. 
Friday  18th  Very heavy Rain with hot Sultry Wr. In ye Evening came on a torrent of Rain which lasted the Whole night.+ 
Saturday  19th  ESE  Bad Landing  + There is every appearance of the Wheat yielding well it is all in Ricks & all Thatched except one which cannot be compleated for want of Straw — Two Men will constantly be kept Thrashing.  Fresh Breezes, The Rain during the Night very heavy, During ye day some intervals of Dry Weather. The people all employed turning the Wheat that is cut down & was housed. 
Sunday  20  Do  Do  Do Wr & very pleasant till 4 PM then Threatning Rain People all employed Reaping, binding up ye Wheat & making Ricks, getting ye Wheat &c in for its preservation — 
Monday  21st  Do  good Landing  Do Wr with a few light Rains every person employed Reaping, carrying & ricking the Wheat Women Gleaning &c. 
Tuesday  22nd  Do  Do  Do Wr People all Employed as Yesterday at Noon Got all the Wheat in & four Ricks Thatched one Rick remains to be thatched. 2 Men Thrashing+ 
Wednesday  23rd  Do  Do  Do & very pleasant Weather people all employed Variously. 
Thursday  24th  Do  Do  Sent ye Coble out but caught only 16 fish.  Do Wr Gave the People this day on account of their Working last Sunday. 
Friday  25th  ESE  Good Landing  Moderate breezes & pleasant Wr at Sunrise hoisted ye Colours in observance of Christmas Day. at 10 AM performed Divine Service killed 2 Hogs belonging to the Crown Wt 180 lb & issued them 1 lb & ½ to each person & as our Crop of Wheat has been a good one gave Them 2 lb of Flour each Man & one pound to the Women — 
Saturday  26th  SW  Do  Do Wr People all employed, Working for themselves. 
Sunday  27th  Do  Do  Do Wr at 10 AM Performed divine Service. The Wr very hot & Sultry. 
Monday  28th  Varble  Do  Smiths Ground began  Light Winds & very Sultry hot Weather. 2 Gangs of six men each Turning up the Ground that the Wheat came off from. One Gang clearing away Ground The rest of ye Convicts Employed Threshing, making paling round the Barn. &c — Carpenters empd about Lieut Cresswells & Surgeons houses 
Tuesday  29th  NW  Do  Do Wr The people all employed as before At day light Lieut Cresswell went with both Boats to Phillip Island & returned at one PM. He went over the Island but could not find any Water. The Weather Very hot & Sultry. 
Wednesday  30  Do  Do  Do Wr but dark heavy Clouds & hot Sultry Weather. The people all employed as before. Employed 4 Men Thatching ye last Rick. Sent ye Coble out of fish but caught only 16 Issued them in lieu of Short Allce 
Thursday  31st  NNW  An Increasing Surf  Fresh Gales & heavy Rain all Day. People not Employed on account of the Weather except the 2 Men who were Threshing & Carpenters. 

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