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January 1790

                                                               
Week days  Mo days  Winds  Landing & Surf  Observations &c.  Transactions on Norfolk Island Wr &c 
Friday  1st  SE  A Great Surf  Strong Gales of Wind & incessant heavy Rain all day Excused the People from Work this being New Years day — 
Saturday  2nd  Do  good Landing  Fresh Gales & Cloudy — People working for themselves — 
Sunday  3rd  Do  Do  Do Wr at 10 AM Performed Divine Service A Male Child born — 
Monday  4th  ESE  A very great Surf  Strong Gales of Wind & dark Weather. One Gang Clearing away ground for Next Year A Gang bringing in Stakes for building a house for the Store keeper. One Gang Cutting down Trees off an Acre of Ground; four Men Cross Cutting lengths & one Making & three drawing Shingles. Two Men Threshing. Two Endeavouring to make Querns for Grinding Indian Corn but find the Stone is too hard — This Wind blights all the Garden Seeds. Some Indian Corn Sowed ye latter end of July was got in to Day. finished making a fence round the Barn. The Weather very Sharp & Cold — 
Tuesday  5th  SE  Do decreasg  More Moderate than Yesterday. the People all Employed as before. The people who were at Work about ye fence round the Barn Employed building a log house for the Storekeeper. Carpenters making ye lower mast of a Flaggstaff & lining Lt Cresswells house 
Wednesday  6th  ESE  Do  Do Wr the People all employed as before. Carpenters about ye Flagg-staff & Lieut Cresswells house The Rest as before — 
Thursday  Do  Less Surf  Do Wr The People all empd as before 4 Men Winnowing Wheat — 
Friday  Do  Do  Do Wr The people all as before. The perroquets are distroying ye Indian Corn having almost totally distroyed the Crop of some individuals. 
Saturday  9th  Do  good Landing  Do Wr The people all Empd Working at their Gardens &c — Carpenters finishing the Flaggstaff. The Perroquets are very troublesome. 
Sunday  10th  Do  Do  Do Wr at 10 AM performed Divine Service 
Monday  11th  East  A great Surf  Fresh Breezes & Cloudy Weather. from day light till Eight oclock Employed Getting up Sheers & Stepping a Flagg-staff & getting the Topmast up in ye Front Yard of the Superintendant & Commandants House. People afterwards Employed bringing in posts & logs of Wood for erecting a Stoccade inclosure round the Superintendant & Commandants House in which inclosure is hereafter intended to build Barracks for the Marines. 1 Carpenter about Lieutt Cresswells house. Sawyers sawing Stuff for Do — 
Tuesday  12th  ESE  Do  Do Wr People Employed most part of the Day bringing a Spar from Turtle Bay for a Topmast. Four Men Making a Stocade inclosure the rest as before. 
Wednesy  13th  Do  Do  Do Wrnote 3 Gangs of 6 Men Each Cutting down Trees & Clearing away Ground 5 Men Making a Stoccade. 6 Men bringing in Thatch & Thatching the Store keepers house. 5 Do breaking down ye Cobs of Indian Corn The rest employed occasy & necessarily 1 Sawpit Sawing boards. 
Thurdy  14  North  Less Surf  Strong Gales of Wind & some Showers of Rain People all employed as before. 2 Men bringing in Stones for building a Chimney for the Surgeon. 6 Men ss. 
Friday  15th  South  A great Surf  Do Wr with some Showers of Rain The People all Employed as before — 6 Men Sick 4 Men breaking down Indian Corn. 
Saturdy  16th  SE  Less Surf  Moderate Gales & Cloudy — The People all Employed Working for themselves 
Sunday  17th  Northy  good Landing  Moderate Breezes & very pleasant Weather at 10 AM performed Divine Service 
Monday  18th  NE  Very good Landing  At Day light sent the Boat out to fish at Noon She returned with 40 Issued them to a part of the people in lieu of of the Short Allce stopped. Some of the Convicts killed a Sow belonging to the Crown which could not be discovered.  Moderate Breezes & very pleasant Weather at Sunrise hoisted ye Colours in observation of her Majesties Birth Day. One Gang bringing in Logs for making a Stoccade round the Superintendant & Commandants house. Filling the Barn & Thrashing. 2 Carpenters about Lieutt Cress-wells house & 2 about ye Store keepers. One Gang Clearing away Ground. 
Tuesday  19th  East  Do  Sent the Coble fishing at 2 PM She returned with 60 fish Issued them to ye People in Lieu of the deduction in the Allowance  Do Wr 3 Gangs Employed Clearing away Ground for Cultivation Two Men bringing in Stone for building a Chimney for the Surgeon. Only one Sawyer at Work ye other Sawyer Very ill. 2 Men Thrashing & ye rest Reapg 
Wednesy  20th  Do  Do  During this Month a greater Number of people have been sick than has been the Case since I landed The Complaint is mostly a diarrhoe, but they soon recover of it. The Surgeon thinks it is owing to the Vast quantitys of Vegetables that are eaten —  Do Wr People All Employed as Yesterday The Weather Exceding hot — 1 Male Child born 
Thursday  21st  ENE  Do  Do Wr Employed as before Gathering Indian Corn. Punished James Burn Convict with 25 lashes for Stealing Indian Corn — 
Friday  22nd  Do  Do  Do Wr the People all employed as before Repairing the Small Coble 
Saturday  23rd  NE  Do  Dark Cloudy Wr inclinable for Rain — People Working for themselves — 
Sunday  24th  NNE  Do  Moderate & Very Sultry hot Weather at 10 AM performed divine Service 
Monday  25th  NNE  Indifft Landing  Very hot Sultry Weather — 4 Men putting up a Stoccade round the Store house & Commandants house 4 Burning & getting up Earth 1 Gang Clearing away Ground two Thrashing ye Rest of the labourers time saved, not Expired Till tomorrow & Wednesday 2 Carpenters about Lining Lieutt Cresswells house One Sawpit sawing Joists &c for putting another floor to the barn to Contain The Indian Corn — The perroquets are destroying it very fast — 
Tuesday  26th  Do  Do  Do Wr People all Employed as before 2 Gangs Turning up Ground in Arthurs Vale 1 Man building a Chimney for ye Surgeon Carpenters about ye Stoccade & making oars — 
Wednesy  27th  WSW  Do  Do Wr & very Sultry. People all Employed as before 
Thursday  28th  Do, ESE  Do  Fresh breezes & Cloudy Weather People all Employed as before — 12 sick & lame. 
Friday  29  Do  Bad Landing  Moderate Breezes & Cloudy Weather. at day light perceivednote His Majesties Armed Tender Supply in the Road Sent the Coble off & reced ye Despatches no Landing the Remr of day — 6 Convicts were put on Shore from the Supply in Ball Bay. People all empd as before. 
Saturday  30th  ENE  Do  Do Wr Landing still very indifferent — Reced in the Course of the day the Remain[in]g[?]note Convicts from the Supply in all 22 Male & 2 Female noteChildren with 1 Child 
Sunday  31  NN[E?]  Strong Gales of Wind & very dark Cloudy Wr with heavy Rain in ye Morng before the thick Wr Came on sent the Coble onbd ye Supply where she was hoisted in 

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