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March 1790

                                                 
Week day  Mo day  Winds  Landg & Surf  Observations &c.  Transactions on Norfolk Isld Weather &c — 
Monday  1[st]note  East SE SSW WSW  good Landing  Moderate Breezes & Cloudy 3 Gangs of 6 Men each Clearing away 3 Acres of Ground, Eleven, Getting up Roots off 7 Acres of Ground in Arthurs Vale Carpenter fitting up the Stoccade 3 Sawpits Sawing Scantling & framing for the Barracks. 2 Men Thrashing 10 Convicts With Officers & Settlers 4 Overseers four Men finished building a house for one of the Settlers. The rest Sick & em[p]loyed occasionally — 4 Men bringing in Logs for the Stoccade 
Tuesday  2nd  SW  Bad Landing  Fresh Breezes & Cloudy Wr The People all Employed as before. Women & three Men Stripping Indian Corn off the Husks. 
Wednesday  3rd  Do  Do  Do Wr with little Wind toward ye Evening. People all employed as before. 
Thursday  4th  Varble  A Great Surf.  Light Wind with Calms. The People all Employed as before The Weather very hot & Sultry. 
Friday  Do  Good Landing  Moderate Breezes & very dark Cloudy Weather with Constant heavy rain Some of the Convicts Employed Stripping Indian Corn off ye Husks. 
Saturday  6th  Do  Do  Light Winds & dark Cloudy Wr with Rain at times Served 111 Quarts of Indian Corn in Lieu of Pease at one Quart per Man. ye Rest in Rice. People workg for thems
Sunday  7th  NE  Do  Strong Gales & Incessant heavy Rain all the day. 
Monday  8th  SW SSW SbE  good Landing  Moderate Gales & Cloudy Weather. 2 Gangs began Clearing away Ground in Arthurs Vale, 2 Do fixing a Shed over a Sawpit Six Men bringing in Logs for a Stockade & four about it 4 Men Making a fowl Yard two Threshing 3 Sawpits Sawing Framing &c for building Barracks. Carpenters Time Not Up — 1 Man taking Care of Stock. With Officers, Gardners &c. — 4 Overseers. Marine & Convict Blacksmith Employed Making hinges for ye bedsteads for the Barracks &c — 3 Making Shingles for the Barracks &c 
Tuesday  9th  ESE  Do  Do Wr The People all Employed as before 
Wednesy  10th  NE  Do  Fresh Gales & dark Cloudy Wr with almost Constant Rain The People all Employed as before — 
Thursday  11th  NE SW  good Landing.  Very heavy Rain during the night at 8 The Wind shifted to SW after which had fresh Gales during the Day at 1 the boat went over to Phillip Isle to fish. at 3 P.M. she returned with only 5 Fish. Carpenter making a hatch for ye 1st floor of the Barn — 
Friday  12th  S.W.  Do  Strong Gales & Cloudy The People all Employed as Yesterday 
Saturday  13th  SW  Very Bad Landing.  Do Wr at day light perceived His Majesties Ship Sirius & Supply armed Tender in the Offing at 10 Received the despatches from Ball Bay & the Sirius & Supply went round to Cascade Bay where the detach[ment] of Marines were landed & Convicts — 
Sunday  14  SE  Bad Landing  Fresh Gales & Cloudy Wr Sent All the Convicts round to Cascade Bay where a Great part of the Luggage The Detatchment of Marines & most part of the Convicts were landed. at Noon Lieutt Governor Ross Came to the Settlement & requested myself & Lieut Cresswell to Carry on the duty as usual until my departure. 
Monday  15th  ESE  Do  Fresh breezes Sent the Convicts round to Cascade Bay & reced a great part of the Baggage from the Sirius & Supply. had a Survey on the Stores & Provisions remaining in the Settlement. 
Tuesday  16th  NE  good Landing  Strong Gales of Wind & thick Cloudy Wr with almost Constant Rain The Sirius & Supply were seen from Mount Pitt. Off the SE Point, Some distance off at Sea. Jeremiah Leary ran the Gauntlet among the Convicts for theft & was severely punished. 
Wednesday  17th  Do  Do  Very Strong Gales of Wind & dark Cloudy Weather with heavy rains. People Employed Variously the Sirius & Supply working up. the Supply Came into the Roads about 1 oclock; sent the Boats Off & received on shore a part of the Luggage, Stock, & 13 Casks of Provisions. 
Thursdy  18th  Do  Do  Strong Gales of Wind with Exceding heavy Rain all night could not see any Vessell before 4 P.M. when the Supply was in the SW People all Employed occasionally 
Friday  19  ESE; At Noon; SE; South  Very good Landing all the Day  The Ship lies broadside to the Surf which breaks over her Chess tree  noteModerate Gales at daylight made the Signal that Landing was very good & that the large Boats could Land. The Supply in the roads & the Sirius Standing in. Received every thing from the Supply. at Noon the Sirius having twiced missed Stays & being Embayed, struck on the outer part of the Reef — Received a Small Quantity of Provisions from her by the boats, but the Surf being much increased along side her & the Wreck of her Masts having staved some of the Boats, no more Could lay along side. In the Evening The Weather having a very bad appearance & knowing that the Ship would not possibly hold together if the Surf increased more on the Flowing tide which was very likely to happen, I made signsnote for that remaining onboard the Ship was dangerous. Having got some hawsers from the Ship & a Traveller tonote of them. Hauled the Captain & part of the Officers & people on shore & saved their lives with difficulty having dragged them across ye Reef thro' a Very great Surf Most part of the Officers & people remained onboard the Sirius's wreck all night 
Saturday  20th  South  Bad Landing  At daylight perceived that the Sirius had swung on the reef & brought her stern right off —  Strong Gales & Cloudy Employed getting every person out of ye Sirius's Wreck which was finished by 4 oclock in the Afternoon The Master & Boatswain came last a Small Quantity of Beef was received by rafts & a quantity of the Officers & peoples Effects The Ship lies off & on, & ye Midship frame is loosned The provisions are mostly on deck & it is likely that none of it will be lost. at 9 AM. of this day the Lieutt Governor assemblednote all the Commission Officers belonging to the Sirius & Marines, when a number of resolutions were agreed to in order to ensure peace & good order in The Settlement. 
Sunday  21st  SW  A very heavy Surf  Very Strong Gales of Wind & a great Sea Running. The Sirius end on off the Reef, & altho' a very great Surf runs with Violence Yet she does not appear worse than Yesterday when the last of her Company quitted her from which Circumstance It is hoped that every Article of Provisions as well as most of her Effects will be saved. At daylight I accompanied Capt. Hunter to Cascade Bay where we met Lieutt Ball & Capt Hunter Settled the Number of Men to be sent to Port Jackson Convicts Carrying my things to Cascade Bay where they were sent onbd ye Supply & the Sirius's Ships Company Clearing the Wreck of the Main Mast. 
Monday  22nd  SW; WSW; WbN  A very heavy Surf  Fresh Gales & Cloudy at 8 AM. Every person in the Settlement were assembled under the lower Flagg-Staff. where the Union was hoisted. The Troops were drawn up in two lines, leaving the Union at their head in the Center, with the Colours of the detatchment displayed; The Sirius's Ships Company on the right & ye Convicts on the left; the Officers in the Center, When the proclamation was read, declaring the Law Martial, to be that by which the the Island was in future to be governd by, untill further orders. The Lieutt Governor addressed the Convicts, after which the Whole gave three Cheers, & then every person beginning with the Lieut Governor & Capt. Hunter passed under the Union in token of a promise or oath to submit & be amenable to the Law Martial then declared. The Convicts & Sirius's Ships Company were then sent round to Cascade Bay, where a proportion of Flour & pork were received from the Supply & brought round to the Settlement. Several things belonging to myself were also sent onboard the Supply. At 9 in the Morning John Branagan & Wm Dring Convicts having offered to go onboard the Sirius & heave over board the live stock that remained onboard had permission from the Lt Governor & Capt. Hunter. They sent A Number of Pigs &c onshore but neglected coming on shore themselves. At dusk in ye Evening perceived they had a light, & fearing an Accident by fire. Some Volleys of Small Arms were fired but the light not being put out a three pounder shotter was fired at the Ship, which had one Effect. John Ancott a Carpenter offered to go off to the Ship & altho the Surf was very high, he got onboard, & obliged the other two Convicts to quit the Ship, by the Hawser, Ancott remains onbd ye Ship all night 
Tuesday  23rd  Do  good Landing.  Strong Gales. at Day light The Supply working up at Nine Sent the large Coble off with some of my Things & the Officers &c of the Sirius at 10 there being too great a Sea in the Bay she bore up & ran for Cascade Bay at day light The Master of the Sirius & eight Men went onboard by the Hawser. A triangle was erected on the Reef to keep the bight of the Hawser up, which will greatly facilitate the Getting Provisions &c out of the Wreck — Mr H The Master of the Sirius informed Capt. Hunter by a letter, +ye two Convicts had set fire to the Ship which had burnt thro' ye gun deck but was happily Extinguished by the Man that went onboard to send them out. +Jno Brannagan & Wm Dring were taken into Custody, & will be tried for setting fire to ye Wreck 
Wednesday  24th  SSW  Do  Moderate Breezes & pleasant Wr at 8 A.M. I went in the Coble to Cascade Bay where I found the Supply & Embarked onboard her as did Lieutts Fowell & Waterhouse with 22 of the Sirius's Company. at 12 we Saild for Port Jackson When I left Sydney Bay there was every appearance of seeing every thing that remained onboard the Wreck & The provisions will not be damaged as every thing is on the Gun, & upper decks — 

                 
Week days 1790  Mo Days  Winds  Course  Distce  Lattde in  Longde in  Bearing &c —  Transactions & Weather from Norfolk Island to Port Jackson 
Thursday  25th  SWbW; SSW; South  S70° W  9′8  29.35  166.31  Lord Howe Island S70° W 400 Miles  Moderate Breezes a great Swell from the Southward, some part of the 24 hours Calm — saw a great quantity of Tropic Birds round the Vessell I think from ye vast quantitys of these birds which are about the Islands at this time that they have a peculiar Season. In the Spring & summer scarce any are to be seen. 
Friday  26th  South  West  40  29.35  165.46  S70° W 357′  Light winds with calms during most part of the night. The Swell from ye Southward still continues 
Saturday  27th  E.S.E.  S60 W  151′  30.48  162.59  S76° W 200′  At 9 AM came on a gentle breeze at ESE a great Swell from the Southward continues, which is very confused & short. 
Sunday  28th  East  S71W  130  31.27  160.42  N88° W 279′  Moderate Gales & very Pleasant Weather with a very great Sea from the Southward 
Monday  29  ENE  S43° W  45′  32.08  158.30  Port Jackson S74W 370′  Moderate Breezes & Cloudy Wr The Swell is not so great as Yesterday. 
Tuesday  30th  Do  S66°W  67′  32.36  157.03  S75° W 295′  Moderate & hazey Wr with a very great Swell at 11 P.M. saw Lord Howe Island bearing SWbW 10 Leagues. 
Wednesday  31st  NE  S66°W  96  33.01  155.11  S75° W 194  Do Wr at 3 AM Mount Gower NbW 5 or 6 miles passed between Pt King & Balls Pyramid — The Weather very pleasant & smooth water. 
Thursday  1st  NE  S57° W  109  34.00  153.23  N85 W 98′  Very pleasant Weather & smooth Water. The Winds rather light & variable. 

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