Parts Three And Four New Zealanders' Language and Visit to New Zealand

Elements.  New Zealanders language 
Fire  E-ha-he 
Earth  E'Whenua 
Water  Ewy 
flame of the fire  Emuda 
Summer  Edou-ma te 
Winter  Echo-touké 
North  Emaru-ngi 
South  Ebow-howoodoo 
East  Etonga 
West  Etehu 
To See  Ete-te-do 
To hear  Edongo 
To feel  Edomi-domi 
To Smell  Ehongi 
To Taste  Emeité 
Hi ti-ti-eshownote 
New Moon  Ye te de how 
Full Moon  Epo-po-ne-nu-ee 

this seems confined to the land they live in as They had no idea of any other Country —

I cannot find that they have any other divisions of time than in Calculating by Moons — 100 Moons is an Etow by which means they count their ages & all other events — Tooké exactly ascertains the time that Capt Cook was first in New Zealand, & anchored at or near Ho-do-do where he & his people were a guest of Tookes Father, this he has from his father as he says he was but just born.

Last Quarter of the 
Moon  Ede-deké 
Sun  Eda 
Sun rise  Eputa 
Noon  Ea-wa-tere 
Sunsett  Ea-hi-aie 
Night  Eapo 
Star  Ewhatu 
Rainbownote  Yen neak newanote 
Wind  E Matang æ 
Rain  Ehu-a 
Lightning  Eu-eda 
Thunder  E.wet-e-teda 
Heat  Em-ma-hane 
Cold  Maka-riedé 
[Indistinct]note  Eco-hoo 
Dew  Epo-caca 
A Storm 
To Freeze or Ice  Eco-peué 
To Snow — or Snow  Ewhatu 
Yesterday  In-ā-nhai 
To day  N'agoon ai 
Tomorrow  Apōpō 
Day after to Morrow  Ata-hy ha 
Day after that  Awākā 
the Human Body 
The Head  Yen gang 
Hair  Ha-ho-do-ho-do 
Ear  Eta-dingā 
Forehead  Eda-hin 
Eye  Cano-wá 
Cheek  Pa-pa-reenga 
Nose  E'Eshu 
Beard  Ecou-wy 
Neck  Eka ka 
Arm  Poco-fe[e?][a?] 
Breast  Edai-ee 
Nipple  E oo 
Navel  E'pee to 
Thigh  E Hoo-haa 
Leg  E Wa Wy 
Fingers  E mata kara 
Finger nails  Ecoro-eté 
The Skin  He-ia-daré 
Lips  Ing-oo-too [?] 
Mouth  Ewa-ha 

Etoudi preceeding Eta dinga signifies deaf.

Throat  Ecoro-coro 
Hand  Epāro 
Belly  Ecopû 
Knees  Eture-pona 
Feet  Eda parapa 
Privities of a Man  Eude 
Do of a Woman  Etecki 
Back  Etoo-orā 
Back side  Ecumo 
Bald headed  Pa-ke-da 
To laugh  Ekata 
To Cry or Weep  Etangé 
To Spit  Etoo-ha 
Breath  Eco-wara 
Groan  Ema-my 
Sigh  Esha 
Sneeze  Te zeé ou wanote 

Hiccough  Eco-shou 
Sleep  Emoé 
Fat  Eda-hee 
noteo other term than Great or Small. 
Lean  EEt—As Eat — 
Health  E'ora 
Silk  E'matté, means also dead 
Handsome  Epi — also clean 
Ugly  Ekēno — [also] Dirty 
Belly ach  Em-a-mir, & pain in general. 
Tooth ach  Inni-jow. Eloongha 
Head Ach  E-ōō-dee 
An Itching  Ede-kara-ka 
Love  E-huf-fé 
Hatred  He-de-de 
Fear  Ema-ta-ku 
Joy  Eka-tou 
Anger  no other term than Hatred 
Shame  Eko-ke-pe 
Loathing  Ekow-wa 
An Error or Mistake  Ewara wara 
A Cut  Eko-Cut 
A Blow  Emo-to 
To faint  Ehou-dang-é 
A Man  Ta né — A sounded long — male Child tanu-ette An Infant Eco té-ro Ecoro-wa-ke 
A Woman  Wa-hei.né 
An Old Man  Ecoro Whai [?]acé 
An Old Woman  Edu-a-hené 
A Young Man  E Tam a reké 
A Young Woman  E'Tam a. hene 
Father  Matua Tā né 
Mother  Matua Wāheiné 
Sister  Tua heiné 
[Brother]  Tong-a-ne 
Brother Elder)  Tua Cā né 
Younger)  Teiné 
Twins  Emi yanga 
Children call their Father  Pā Pā 
Do their Mother  Ha tyé 
Husband  )no other distinction 
Wife  ) the Tahne & Waheine 
To Eat  He-haie 
To drink  HE-É nu 
To Walk  Eira 
Run  Eo-mu 
Jump  Edāre 
Swim  Eka-ou 
To follow  no other term than come here — E hi da my 
To Meet  Etu-take 
To Make haste  Ke-ŏorŏ-mi 
To sit down  E-No-ho 
To get up  Ewaka-te-ca 
To Work  Emo-ki 
To touch 
To Shut a Door  Ha kopi 
To Open Do  Eu waki 
To fill  Ede-ding-ee 
To give, or reach  Eomi 
To plant  Ewak-a-tu 
To tye or bind  Edā-fé 
To Untie  Ewa-wetté 
To plúck up  Eo-hoo tee 
To throw away  Emāca 
To look at  Ete-te-do 
To break anything like a plate  E-ko-ré 
break as a Stick  Ewhatte 
To tear  Ehi-yi 

To Cut  E-Ko—Cout 
To find  Ca-ke tera 
To seek to look for  Ing-ha roo This also means Surf 
To Stain or dirty anything  E-ke-no 
To clean  Em-oo-Roo 
To wash  Eo-roo-ee 
To build  E yhay-a 
noteTo pull down is crossed out  note 
To forget where anything is put or layn  E'Waru-Waru  E'War[r*] a - War[r*] a 
To dance  E ha-ka 
To Steal  E-hu-na 
To Drown  Eta-poko 
To Sing  Ewy-attā 
To dream  Ewa [Indistinct, possibly die or dic] 

To tell lyes  Eteka 
To tell truth  Epenó 
to hidenote  E-ka-yá* 
Good  My-ty 
Ill Bad or Wrong  Mack-row-a 
Great  Enué 
Little  Emoro-eite 
Thick  Emāta-to-too-roo 
Thin  Edāa-eda-hi 
High or tall  Edo-aw 
low  Epoto 
Long  )No other meaning 
Short  )than Edo-wa & Epoto 
Wide  Ewa nue 
Narrow  Ewa ete 
Fat  Eda-he 
Lean  Eat — pronounced as Eat 
heavy  Eti ma ha 
Light  Ema-ma 
full  Ede-dingé 
Empty  Ema-dinge 
Hard  Ema-row 
Soft  Ing-now-arey 

Visit to New Zealand

The principal distinctions of People at New Zealand are

Etanga-tedá Eti-Ket-i-ca —  A Chief or Man in great authority 
Etanga-teda-Epodi  A Subaltern Chief or a Chief or a Gentleman 
Etanga-roa  A priest, it seems the authority of the priest is equal, if not greater than the Etanga-teda Eti-Ket-a-ca 
Ta-āne-Emoki  A labouring Man who we are told is under very great Subjection to the Chief. 
Eta-ro-na  To hang ones self 

Suicide is very common among the New Zealanders which act they often Commit on very slight occasions, A Woman being beat by her husband hangs herself without any Ceremony which mode of putting an end to their existence they are perfect adept in — Tooké having given me some reason to be angry with him, I express'd my Anger by looking stern at him, he went out of the house with a determination to hang himself, but he was pursuaded to remain a little longer in this World & soon after laughed at his attempt

Tooké confirms the account of the different tribes living in a Constant state of Warfare but obstinately denies that the Whole of the N. Zealanders are Cannibals & it was not but with much difficulty that we could persuade him to enter on the subject; after having been with us some time he owned that all the Inhabitants on the N & W of Cookes Straits Sound* are Cannibals, also those which inhabit a part of the North point of Ea-hei-no maue, moodee-whenua & all the Inhabitants of the Southern Island Poo-nam-moo. The intermediate part between ye North & South parts of Ea-heino-maue as described in Tookes Chart is thickly inhabited by a peaceable people divided into a number of Tribes who are constantly at War with the people of T'sou-duckey Moodee Whenua & Terry-inga

The dead are buried & according to their Notions, ye third day after interment the Heart seperates itself from the Body, & its escape from the Grave, is announced by a gentle breeze of Wind which warns an inferior Ea tooa which is hovering over the Grave of its approach who receives it & carries it to the Clouds, In his Chart delineated a Road which goes the lengthway of Ea-hein-o-maue viz from Sow ducké to Terry inga. On the Death of any person their evil genius quits their body & is conducted by a Eatooa along this Road to Terry inga from whence it is precipitated into the Sea Ekara Kee ā To pray — Every undertaking whether it is to fish or any other common occupation is preceeded by a prayer addressed to the Supreme Ea Tooa, all Cultivated Grounds are consecrated once in a hundred Moons or one Etow /eight Years/

Tookee points out a very good Fresh Water River on the West side of Ea hein mauie but is not Navigable & by his description of it it must be to the Southward of Gannet Island The River & the district round it is Called Eho-ke-anga. The Etang teda Eti-keta-kay To ko-hā lives on the North side of the River about half way up — he describes the Country to be covered with very large pine Trees & good soil — On this Chart he has delineated Capt. Cooks river Thames, which he calls Wongo-roa His habitation is the South side of a very large River which he calls Ho-do-do & I have no doubt is Doubtless Bay.

A little to the Southward of Ho-do-do lives a powerfull Chief called Te wite-e-wee Who is Chief of the District — he says the Inhabitants of Ho-do-do subject to the following Chiefs is not more than 1000 Men

Principal Chief or Etanga teda Etiketica — Te-wyta-weé Lives to the Southward of Doubtless Bay

2nd  Etanga teda Etiketica ——— Wy-too-a  Lives at the head of the district 
Etang a teda Etiketica ——— Moodee-wye  lives on the North Side of Doubtfull Baynote 
4th  Etanga teda Etiketica ——— Waw-way  lives on the N side of Ds Bay 
5th  Etanga teda Etiketica To-Moco-Moco  lives as above 
6th  Do Do  Pock-a-roo —— lives with Wy tooa — 
7th  Do Do  Tee-koo-reé —— Youngest Son of Te wyte-wee 

Tookee & Woodoo do not inhabit the Same district, Woodoo lives in a district called Teer-ah-wette which is 2 days Journey from Ho-do-do & One Day by Water he describes the Road as very hilly, but the Country very thickly inhabited —

Notwithstanding their being so great a misunderstandg among the difft Tribes yet they have intervals of peace when they are very friendly & visit each other Woodoo & Tookee both agree that the Greatest Quantity of Flax grows in & about Hododo, the People of Teara-witte often fetching it from thence —

A Great many  Emā hā 
A Door  Ewa-te-toka 
Epuki  A Hill 
Etiané  Sand or beach 
Ep oo poo  Hello 
To-ko-hai-ya  How many 
Amoko  The Marks on their face & Bodys 
Ewak-a-teka  Earings 

At 5 P.M. with a Mdt Breeze at West on Tuesday rounded ye North Cape at the Extremity of which we saw a number of Houses & soon after opened a Fortified place or Hippah standing on a hill over the Beach just within ye Cape. 6 Boats were then seen coming to the Ship, They soon Came along side immediatly on Tooke & Woodoo showing them selves & were rejoiced byd discription at meeting with their Countrymen who were not backward in testifying their Joy at so unexpectedly meeting them. the Number of Boats soon encreased to 10 in which were at least 20 men in each most of them came out of their Boats & began a traffic for Iron hoops, axes & knives &c

The Wind was now dying away, at 7 All the Canoes left the Ship, about which had been soon [indistinct] after the Ship came [indistinct] at ¼ past 8 the Master of the Ship through the medium of Tooke & Woodoo purchased their Canoe for [knives?] & Chizzles & 4 Natives who came off in it took up their Quarters abd for the night without the least apprehension. In relating the News of their Country, they gave an account of the T'Souducky Tribe having made an irruption into Woodoos Country & Killed the Son of his Chief Povoreek & 30 Men Warriors, Woodoo burst into a flood of Tears nor could he be consoled or cease Crying the rest of the Night.

Tooke took some pains to find the actual state of the Moodoo Whenua people & his Countrymen from our Guests who very satisfactorily corroborated the information he had received from a Chief which came in the first Canoe, viz. that the Two districts were not only at peace & in Amity with each other but y+ ye Moodee Whenuans had joined the people of Hododo & Wangaroa & Terr-a-witte against the People of T'Souduckey & had lately returned home, also that Tewy-te-wy & Moodi-wy Chiefs of Tookes district, had 3 Weeks ago been on a visit to Ko-to-ko-ke, the Chief of the Hippah, above described where they remained some time Tooke also received the pleasing intelligence that his parents & his Wife & Children were well & also that great grief was expressed by them for his supposed loss. It remaind Calm during the whole of the night & next Morning untill Ten O'clock, at Six a large Canoe with 30 men & a Chief Clad in White & making Signals was seen paddling to the Ship, they soon came along side when Tooke was enquired for & to his great Joy he recognised the Eti-ket-i-ca, Kato-ku-ke or Chief of the Hippah who came onboard & hug our Tooke shedding abundant Tears, Tooke introduced him to me & after going through the Ceremony of Ehonge /joining noses/ he took off his Hoahow & put it on my Shoulders for which I returned him a present of Green Baize, Hoahows, Axes & Chizzles — Soon after 7 Canoes came onboard & the Ship was full of N. Zealanders among whom were four Eti-Kiticas & several Epodis the Whole Number onboard & along side were 150 Most of whom were in general the most muscular & tallest Men I have ever seen, The place where Tooke lives was now 24 Leagues to the Southd of ye place of where the Ship now lay becalmed. This was the fifth day since notehaving been so long on our passage it was necssy* we left N I. & I was anxious to return if my friends could be safely disposed of. I therefore asked Tooke whether the Information he had received [answered?] any apprehension of his being in safety if he landed at M. W,note to which he seemed extreemley averse, giving two principal reasons that those who had given him ye infn were only Epodis, & therefore might be suspected of not tellg ye truth, & that if I did not go to Hododo he should be prevented from sending some tokens of his love & Esteem to his friends on Norfk Id without urging the Matter any further nothing more was said about [it] untill Ko-to-ko-to came onbd when all his doubts vanished & he told me with tears of Joy that he was willing to go with K who had confirmed all he had heard before who had promised to take them to Ho do do the next Morning. with all his & Woodoos things which Consisted of 2 Bags containing Six Shifts of Linnen & 2 Suits of Green faced with Orange, 3 Swords Needles thread, Knives, lookg Glasses & many other necessary articles — the other contained 30 hand axes 46 Chissels 2 Carpenters Axes 4 Spades 1 Hand Saw 1 Piece of Green Baize, & another of blue and several other articles which I got from the Master of the Ship I also gave them of Wheat, Maize, & Pease, a Bushell of each besides a Quantity of Garden Seeds I also gave them Three Boars & Seven Sows, Unfortunately The three Goats which were the only articles of Stock brought from Norfolk Island all died the day before Tooke & Woodoo was landed having eat a quantity of a bark off some Spars — it was my intention to have given them some fowles & Ducks but as they would not be landed at the place where they lived, I deferred giving them any more Stock untill I might visit them again at their dwelling, which reason prevented my giving them many other articles which I had brought for them such as Frock Trowsers, Jackets Hats &c — this was the fifth day we had been from N Id owing to Light winds Tookes Residence was at least 24 Leagues further to the Southward of where the Ship lay, it was now a dead Calm & has the appearance of continuing so, if the Wind had enabled us to pass near tonote the Bay of Ids /near which T. lives/ in 3 days I should have gone with them & landed but as that was not the Case I did not consider my self Justifiable in detaining the Ship longer than was absolutely necessary to land Our two friends or put them into safe hands. Tookee has often told me that Notwithstanding the difft tribes being Occasionally at War with each other. yet they are for a length of time very good friends, & such had been the Case with the people of Hododo & Moodee Whenua for upwards of 30 Moons, When our Seperation came to this point, I felt much anxiety for the fate of our friends & expressed my doubts that this tale of K & his people might be an incentive to get them into his power & that they might not only be robbed of their [effects] I had given them but might also be killed, & added that if it should continue Calm or the wind come from the Southd /which would occasion a great loss of time & be the means of the Ship being long detained from pursuing her voyage to Bengali/ that I would much rather take them back again & wait for another opportunity than put them into the hands of those who could injure them & take their property, To this Tooke answered that an Eti Ketica never told a lye or deceived & that they were ready & wished to go, I took the Old Chief & another with Tookee & Woodoo into the Cabbin, When I explained to him with the help of T how much I was interested in my friends getting safe home & showed him a present I had made up for him consisting of Axes & other Carpenters Tools (which was to him an invaluable present) I told him that I should most Certainly return in 2 Moons & go immediately to Ho where if I found T was safely arrived with his effects I should then return to Moodee Whenua & make him & his tribe some very considerable presents which I enumerated I thought it unnecessary to threaten any punishment for failing in his engagements & which the parting of T & W rendered still more needless. The only answer the Old Man made me was by joining his Nose to mine & putting both hands to the Sides of [my] head, making me do the same to his, in which situation we remained near five minutes, after which he embraced tooke & Woodoo seperately for a much longer time & shedding tears of real Affection & Joy. I then repeated my former doubts to T & W & made the same offer of taking them back again but they repeated with an honest Confidence what they had before said that an Etiketica never deceived & they now considered him as their father. Whilst I was busied in getting what things I meant to send with them ready /which fell very short of what I should have given them had we been able to reach Ho-do-do/ Tooke who is a priest had made a campnote circle in the Center of which was [the Old Chief] & in a Summary way was telling them what he had seen