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Index

NOTE: Only King's spellings of surnames and first names (particularly of convicts) are used in this Index. The first name “Jno” has been set down as “Jonathon”. Cobley, J, Crimes of the First Fleet Convicts should be consulted as to the variety of spellings of First Fleet convict names.

A

Abbot, Lt: King accuses of insubordination (in draft letter to U/Secy Nepean), 371

Aborigines: canoes 32, contact with strangers 32, 33, 34, 35; Phillip meets 32; appearance 33; dogs 34; threaten King 34: their curiosity; desecrate grave 40

Adjutant: See Long, John Lt.

Agent for Transports: See Shortland, John

Albratrosses: seen 19, 25, 26, 27, 29

Aldebaran (star): used for Lunars 41, 42

Alexander Transport (Sinclair, Duncan, Captain): tonnage, crew, convicts 6; mentioned 7, 13; Joseph Powers (convict) escapes from 11; recaptured 12; attempted mutiny 20; to proceed ahead of fleet 24; arrives at Botany Bay 33

Altree, John Turnpenny (Surgeon): house 72; mentioned 77, 81, 112; supervise making of landing place 117, 168, 169; examines complement of Supply 209; garden destroyed by grubs 282

Amethyst: at Rio de Janeiro 18

Ancora Island (Rio de Janeiro): mentioned 16

Ancott, John (carpenter on Norfolk Island): and Sirius wreck 347

Anderson, Jonathon (convict): accompanies Mr. Altree and Thomas Webb to-Ball Bay 169; punished for robbing Corporal Goven's garden 317

Anna Pink (ship of Lord Anson's squadron): mentioned 17

Anson Bay (Norfolk Island): named by King 44; to be explored 46; mentioned 175, 282, 299, 301

Aqueduct: in Tenerife 11

Arihades Island (Rio de Janeiro): mentioned 18

Arthur's Vale (Norfolk Island): barley at 164; mentioned generally in connection with planting wheat 145, 166, 185, 187, 189, 202, 203, 211, 213, 219, 221, 229, 237, 243, 259, 261, 262, 263, 265, 267, 269, 273, 275, 281, 283, 284, 285, 289, 293, 297, 301, 311, 315, 319, 337, 338

Artichokes (Artechoks): gathered 96

Asses: in Tenerife 10

Astrolabe French Ship (Clonard, Joseph-Ernest Sutton de, Captain): off Botany Bay 36, D'Langle of, killed 38; well-equipped 39

B

Ball, Henry Lidgbird, Lieut, RN (Commander, Supply): mentioned 5, 25, 27, 33, 37, 51, 99, 112; discovers Lord Howe Island 41, 42; attempts to land at Norfolk Island 42, 43; report to King 44; Supply in Anson Bay 46; takes possession of Norfolk with King 47; examines Sydney Bay 46

Balls Bay (Norfolk Island): mentioned generally as harbourage for supply ships from Port Jackson 99, 145, 177, 184, 185, 186, 191, 241, 244, 253, 283, 289, 301, 329, 339; King explores 112; site for landing 112, 117, 122, 167, 169, 171, 173, 230, 231, 233; abandoned until Spring 117; re-visited by King 119, 121

Balls Pyramid (Lord Howe Island): “a pointed rock” seen 41; discovered by Lieut. Ball 42; mentioned 349

Bananas: supplied at Rio de Janeiro 15; trees transplanted at Norfolk Island 64; trees transplanted to plantation 85

Bare Island (Botany Bay): mentioned 32

Barley: price of 22; English 376; ground cleared at Norfolk Island 61; 1½ pecks sown 88, 96, 98; cropped 92, 164, 187, 279; sown 92, 288; coming up 94, 98, 128; received from Supply sown 124; “much lodged” with rain 130; damaged by gale 132; attacked by rats 136; yield 164; mentioned 165, 309; damaged by rain 193, 194; to be sown 244; promising appearance 268; fenced 283; destroyed by caterpillars 290; cutting 306; threshing 309

Barracks (for marines): See also Stockade: mentioned 325; building 333, 335, 337, 339

Basil (Bazil): gathered 96

Batavia (Djakarta — Indonesia): mentioned 21; French ships (La Perouse) to return to Europe via 39; Supply to call for provisions 353

Batchelor, Jonathon (marine): punished for theft of rum 67; drowned 87; body recovered and interred 89

Beans: “beans” poison sawyer and carpenter 75; different sorts sown 106, 108, 119; blighted by wind 224

Beans, French: sown 54; seeds up 56; damaged by wind 61; dwarf speckled variety sown 164

Beans, Garden: sown 54, seeds up 56

Beef: supplied at Tenerife 11; supplied at Rio de Janeiro 15; cost of at Cape Town 22; English prices 376, 377; substituted by fish — See Fish; substituted by turtle — See Turtle

Beet: sown 54, 96

Berthand, —: French chronometers made by 39

Berwick Store Ship: name changed to Sirius 5

Birds: described at sea 19, 25, 27, 29; great quantities at Norfolk Island 46. See also: Albatrosses, Doves, Gannets, Gulls, Parakeets (Perroquets), Petrels, Pigeons, Pintado birds

Births: See Children

Blackhall, William (convict): punished for insubordination 317

Boa Vista (Cape Verde Islands): seen 12

Board of Longitude: lends La Perouse some of Captain Cook's equipment 39

Bona Vista: See Boa Vista

Borrowdale Store Ship (Reed, H, Master): tonnage, crew 6

Botany Bay: mentioned 6, 24, 31, 37; arrives at 32. See also: Cape Solander, Bare Island

Bougainville, Louis Antoine de: discovery of Navigators Isles 38

Boussole French Ship (La Perouse, Jean-Francois de Galaup, Commander): off Botany Bay 36; King boards 37; well-equipped 39; mentioned 40

Boyle, Jonathon (convict): punished for absenting self from work 335

Bradley, William (1st Lieutenant Sirius): mentioned 13, 14, 23

Branagan, John (convict): offer to board Sirius wreck 347; sets fire to Sirius wreck 347; taken into custody 347.

Branciforte, Miguel Marquis de (Brance Forte): Governor of Tenerife 9

Brandy: English price 376

Brazil: mentioned 26

Bread: purchased at Cape Town 21

Breedon, John (Helmsman, Sirius): mentioned 26

Brest, Port of (France): French ships (La Perouse) fitted out at 29

Broccoli (Sib. Brocoli): sown 54

Broken Bay (Pitt Water): examined 35

Bryant, John (convict): killed by tree 269

Burn, James (convict): punished for stealing Indian Corn 327

C

Cabbages: cost of at Cape Town 22; sown 52; early variety sown 54; seeds up 54, 98; gathered 96; 700 plants sown 96; transplanted 117, 122; destroyed by hurricane 202

Caffres Country: explored by Colonel Gordon 23

California (U.S.A.): La Perouse sails down coast 38

Callam, James (Surgeon, Supply): explores Norfolk Island 44, lost in woods with King 45

Canary Islands: mentioned 9

Candles: English prices 376

Canvas: English prices 377

Cape de Verde Islands: See Cape Verde Islands

Cape Frio (Brazil): seen 14, abreast of 15; approach to landing described 16

Cape Long Nose: See Point Long Nose

Cape of Good Hope: mentioned 19, 23, 24, 26, 27; French ships (La Perouse) to return to Europe via 39

Cape Pigeons: See Pintado Birds

Cape Solander: seen 32

Cape Three Points: seen 349, 353

Cape Town: anchor at 20; described 21, 22; good supplies at 22; leave 23

Cape Verde Islands: mentioned 12, 13

Captains, Ships: See Name of Ship

Carpenter, Sirius: See Parker, Charles

Carrots: sown 54, 92; seeds up 94; gathered 96

Cascade Bay (Norfolk Island): first seen 42; as landing place 112, 113, 145, 157, 249, 259, 341, 347; road to 243

Catamaran: built 75

Caterpillars: destroy barley crop 164, 291; destroy vegetables, pods, seeds 186; destroy wheat 234, 236, 237, 242; hatched 238; attempts to kill off 239; unsuccessful 240; new method of control 240; fails 242; grow in size 242, 244; gone 248; return and destroy vegetables 304; cause little damage 310; destroy vegetables 314

Cattle: purchased at Cape Town 21; cost of cow at Cape Town 22; list of, purchased at Cape Town 23; landed at Port Jackson 37; enclosure at Norfolk Island 173

Cauliflower: sown 54

Cavalry: at Tenerife 10, 11; at Rio de Janeoro 17

Celery: gathered 96

Chalk Cliff (Clift) — off N.S.W. South Coast: King notes 32

Charlotte Transport (Gilbert, Thomas, Commander): tonnage, crew, convicts 6; mentioned 7, 24; convicts sick on 20

Cheese: English price 376

Children on Norfolk Island: male (Norfolk) born 177; baptised 187; female born 204; baptised 289; male born 323; received from Supply 329

Chile (Chili): La Perouse sails down coast 38

China: mentioned 6

Chinese Mulberry (Mulbery) Paper: for making ropes or cloths 218

Christmas Day at Norfolk Island: observed (1788) 171; observed (1789) 321

Chronometer: See Timekeeper

Churches: St. Francisco, Tenerife 9; Church of Notre Dame de Bon Voyage, Rio de Janeiro 16

Clerke, Charles, Captain: inscription on grave replaced by La Perouse 38

Coble (at Norfolk Island): build 101, 105, 136, 137; mentioned in relation to fishing 139, passim; repaired 147; crew 161, 185, 187, 261, 283, 287, 291, 293; coxswain 244

Cobras Island (Cobres): mentioned 15, 16

Cochineal: exported from Rio de Janeiro 18

Coconuts: five planted 54

Coffee: mentioned 17

Collins, David (Judge-Advocate): to examine Port Jackson 35

Collins's Bay (Norfolk Island): mentioned 163

Commandant, Norfolk Island: See King, Philip Gidley

Commanders', Ships: See Name of Ship

Commissions: King's as 2nd Lieutenant 5; Phillip's as Captain General 5; King's as Commandant of Norfolk Island 40

Convicts: supplied with fresh beef at Rio de Janeiro 15; sick on Charlotte 20; attempted mutiny on Alexander 20; landed at Port Jackson 36; try to enlist with La Perouse 38; 9 male, 6 female to go to Norfolk Island 40; landed at Norfolk Island 46; mentioned as “people” 53 passim; second draft on Supply 205; lost in woods, return 224; steal vegetables 284; 8 women convicts in fourth draft on Supply 313; 24 landed in fifth draft in Supply 329; landed at Cascade Bay in sixth draft in Supply 339, 341. See also:

Anderson, Jonathon

Blackhall, William

Boyle, Jonathon

Branagan, John

Bryant, John

Burn, James

Coombs, Ann

Davis, James

Dring, William

Dyer, Leonard

Francis, William

Gaff, Edwin

Gamble, Mary

Holmes, Jonathon

Holmes, William

Johnson, Catherine

Jones, Jonathon

Jones, Thomas

Leary, Jeremiah

Long, Joseph

Lucas, —

MacLennan, Charles

Mariner, William

Mortimer, Noah

Pickett, Samuel

Pipkin, Elizabeth

Powers, Joseph

Robinson, Joshua

Thomspon, Jonathon

Thompson, William

Watts, Thomas — alias Watson

Williams, William

Cook, James, Captain: mentioned 8, 29, 30, 31, 32, 39, 43, 46; praised by La Perouse 40; Tahitian cloth 218; in New Zealand 357

Coombs, Ann (convict): punished for defrauding Thomas Jones of provisions 280; punished for stealing two shirts from Francis Mee 283

Corn: mentioned 17; scarce at Cape Town 20, 21; ground cleared at Norfolk Island 61; reaping 315

Corn - salad (Valeria oliteria) or Lamb's lettuce): sown 54; gathered 96

Cotton (cotten) seeds: sown 56, 106

Courcy, Hon Michael de: See De Courcy, Hon. Michael

Crab for lifting boat: making 79, 81; at Ball's Bay 168, 177

Cress, Cape and English: sown 54, 108; Cape Cress seeds up 56; English Cress seeds up 56

Cresswell Bay (Norfolk Island): mentioned 307

Cresswell, John (Lieut of Marines, Supply): lands at Norfolk Island 253; house for 267, 269; mentioned 282, 305, 307, 313, 321; requested by Ross to continue duties until King's departure 341

Cunningham, James (Master's Mate): to accompany King to Norfolk Island 40; accompanies King in circuit of Norfolk Island 43; explores Norfolk Island 44; lost in woods with King 45; returns on board Supply 99; drowned 103, 105

Curacao (Carracao): mentioned 10

D

Dagelet, — (Astronomer): with La Perouse expedition 39; in charge of observatory at Botany Bay 40

Davis, James (convict): punished for “throwing the fish away contemptuously” 215

Dawes, William (2nd Lieut Sirius): to receive journal 4; mentioned 8, 13, 14, 18, 19, 23, 24, 26, 28, 29, 33, 34, 35; goes onboard Supply 25; lands at Botany Bay with Phillip 32; goes with King to visit French ships 37

Deaths: (drowned at Norfolk Island): Jonathon Jay 44; Jonathon Batchelor 87; James Cunningham 105; — Tomlinson 105; William Westbrook 105; (killed) John Bryant 269

De Courcy, Hon. Michael (Commander, Hyena): Hyena joins fleet 7

De Langle, Paul-Antoine-Marie Fleuriot: See Langle, Paul-Antoine-Marie Fleuriot de

Deptford (London): mentioned 5, 6, 7, 19

Desertas Islands or Deserter Islands (Madeira Islands): seen 8

Devils Hill (Cape Town): mentioned 21

Dewit, Petrus: contractor at Cape Town 21 See also: Kerstan, Johannes

Diamonds: at Rio de Janeiro 18

Diarrhoea on Norfolk Island: due to vegetables 326

Djakarta: See Batavia

Donovan, Stephen (Midshipman, Supply): landing party 146; house for 157; mentioned 191, 205, 317

Doubtfull Bay (New Zealand): mentioned 364

Doubtless Bay (New Zealand): mentioned 364

Doves: at Norfolk Island 46

Downs, The (Kent): mentioned 7

Dring, William (convict): punished for absenting self without leave 237; offer to board Sirius wreck 347; sets fire to Sirius wreck 347; taken into custody 347

Drownings: Norfolk Island 44, 87, 105. See also: Deaths

Duncombe Bay (Norfolk Island): named by King 43; unsuitable for settlement 44

Dutch East India Company (Cape Town): mentioned 22

Dutch Governor (Cape Town): See Van de Graaf, Monsieur

Dyer, Leonard (convict): punished for insubordination 147

E

Earthquake: reference to 1736 at Tenerife 11

East India Company: mentioned 6

Eddystone (Eddistone) Rock (Van Diemen's Land): seen 29

Equator: crossed 14

Europe, H.M.S. mentioned 12

F

Falkland Isles (South America): Remembrance bound to 13

Fennel: sown 54, gathered 96

Figs: at Tenerife 11

Firearms and Ordinance: supplies received 206, 207

First Fleet: at the Motherbank 7; to be accompanied by H.M.S. Hyena 7; sails 7; anchors at Tenerife 8; departs 12; anchors at Rio de Janeiro 15; departs 18; anchors in Table Bay 20; departs 23; Phillip divides fleet 25; arrives at Botany Bay 32; to move to Port Jackson 36; departs Botany Bay 36; at Sydney Cove 36. See also:

Alexander

Borrowdale

Charlotte

Fishburn

Friendship

Golden Grove

Lady Penrhyn

Prince of Wales

Scarborough

Sirius

Supply

Fish: sperm seen at sea 26; caught at Norfolk Island 50, 54, 56, 58, 66, 77–9, 82, 85, 87, 153, 157, 159, 167, 173, 187, 228–31, 223, 239, 241, 247, 251, 263, 277, 291, 299, 305, 311, 321, 326, 331, 333, 339; substituted for meat ration 157, 161; substituted for peas 159, 165; substituted for beef 163, 167, 177, 215, 217, 223, 236, 238, 263, 267, 283, 311; substituted for pork 165, 175, 187, 195, 197, 199, 201, 215, 220, 229–30, 307, 209, 313, 315, 318; hooks and line lost 223

Fishburn Store Ship (Brown, Robert, Commander): tonnage, crew 6; mentioned 7, 24

Fishing Boat at Norfolk Island: damaged 87; repairing 89, 91, 93, 97; finished 99. See also: Coble

Flax: King mistakes for Iris 44, 55; King reports he has not seen any 45, 46; at Sydney Bay, Norfolk Island 46; Capt Cook's report of 46; King cannot find 47; realises Iris is flax 55; used in building 199; thatching 201; in repairing guard house 227; preparation 233, 235; in New Zealand 365

Flour (Flower): scarce at Cape Town 20; short weight 111, 291; 56 casks by Golden Grove 137; 63 casks (of flour and peas) by Golden Grove 143; casks damaged 199, 291; small loss despite hurricane 202; 8 months' supply left 245; fresh supply 255; Christmas (1789) issue 321; English price 376

Flying Fish: aboard Supply 41; seen 42

Fort of Santa Cruz (Rio de Janeiro): salutes convoy 15; mentioned 16; salutes on convoy's leaving 18

Fowell, Newton (2nd Lieut Sirius): returns to Port Jackson aboard Supply 347

France, Isle of (Mauritius): mentioned 21; French ships (La Perouse) to return to Europe via 39

Francis, William (convict): plot to seize Norfolk Island 189, 191; forgiven 197. See also: Mortimer, Noah; Pickett, Samuel; Watts, Thomas; Webb, Robert

French Abbé: See Récéveur, Rev. Laurent

French Ships: See Astrolabe, Boussole

Friendly Islands (Tonga): visited by French ships (La Perouse) 38

Friendship Transport (Walton, Frances, Captain): tonnage, crew, convicts 6; mentioned 7; to proceed ahead of fleet 24; arrives at Botany Bay 33

Fruit: See Bananas, Coconuts, Figs, Lime trees, Mulberries, Oranges

G

Gaff, Edwin (convict): punished 260

Gallions (Thames River) mentioned 7

Gamble, Mary (convict): sentenced for wounding boar but forgiven 184; punished for theft 253; term expires 267

Gannets (Gannetts): seen 26, 42

Genoa Oyl (Olive oil): English price 376

George III: toast to his health 36, 47; his birthday celebrated on Norfolk Island 85, 247, 249; coronation honoured 291

Goats: purchased at Cape Town 23; landed at Port Jackson 37; die 367, price 377

Gold: at Rio de Janeiro 18

Golden Grove Storeship (Sharp, —, Captain): tonnage, crew 6; arrives at Norfolk Island 137; mentioned 139, 141, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 149, 151; sails for Port Jackson 149

Gordon, Colonel: commanding officer of troops at Cape Town 23

Govens, Corporal: vegetables stolen from his garden 284; Jonathon Anderson (convict) punished 317

Governor of NSW: See Phillip, Arthur

Governador Island (Rio de Janeiro): mentioned 17

Grampus: seen 23

Granary on Norfolk Island: to be build 129; started 133; building 135, 151, 153, 155, 157, 159, 161; destroyed by hurricane 202

Grapnel: grapnel lost 76; rope lost 76, 79; buoy lost 79

Green Point (Cape Town): mentioned 20

Greenwich: mentioned 18, 28, 40, 41, 42

Grose, Francis (Major N.S.W. Corps): mentioned in King's draft letter to U/Secy Nepean 371

Grubs: destroy vegetables 66; King's method of controlling 66, destroy Indian Corn 132, 136, 284, 286, 288, 290, 294; methods of control 132, 133, 135; destroy onions 282; destroy Mr. Altree's garden 282; destroy vegetables 288, 290; destroy cabbages 294; nearly gone 302. See also Caterpillars

Guinea, Coast of (Africa): Portuguese Snow from 14

Gulls: grey, black and white seen 19; seen 26, 27

H

Hams: price 376; recipe for curing 377

Hatt Hill (Wollongong, N.S.W.): Cook noticed 30; King observes 30, 32, 349, 353

Herrings: English price 376

Hill, Francis (Master's Mate Sirius): reports fire lit in Sirius 347

Hogs: See Pigs

Holmes, Jonathon (convict): punished 295. See also Thomas Watts and Noah Mortimer.

Holmes, William (convict): punished for absence from work 257

Hopman, John Signor, of Rio de Janeiro: mentioned 17

Horses: mentioned 10; purchased at Cape Town 23; landed at Port Jackson 37

Houses: Governor's, portable 37; tents at Norfolk Island 46, 61; timber for erection 63; King's 65, 69, 77, 163, 167, 169, 172, 185, 229, 275, 277, 279, 281, 283, 285, 289, 291; storehouse 78; officers' 79, 95; shed for sawpit 81, 301, 339; surgeon's and mates 83, 87; guard house 165; sergeant of marines 201; general accommodation 207, 209, 211; surgeon's 213, 307, 321, 325, 327, 329; midshipman's 213; Commanding Officer of troops 253, 265; Lieut Cresswell's 267, 273, 275, 277, 309, 311, 315, 321, 323, 325, 327, 329, 333, 335, 337; barn 273, 287, 293, 297, 299, 301, 305, 309, 329, 331, 333, 339; sentinel box 287; new boatshed 291; carpenter's 293; hut 301; sawyers' 303; Mr. Jamison's 314; storekeeper's 323, 325; log house for settler 334–5 (see Phillimore's Valley);337

Hunter, John, Captain (2nd Captain of Sirius): mentioned 5, 13, 14, 23, 24, 33, 34, 36, 347; King mentions in journal entry re Sirius wreck 345, 347

Hurricane on Norfolk Island: described 201–203

Hyena Frigate (De Courcy, Hon. Michael, Captain): joins fleet 7; leaves fleet 7

I

Indian Corn: sown 54, 90, 117, 125, 145, 155, 179, 280, 281, 287, 289, 297; seeds up 56, 92, 122, 160; destroyed by rats 61 61, 280, 282, 286; gathered 191, 219, 327, 331, 335; damaged 194, 203; salvaged 202, 205, destroyed by grubs 282; hoed up 295, 301, 303, 309; destroyed by parakeets 323, 329; processing 323, 325, 331, 333, 337

Indigo: exported from Rio de Janeiro 18

Insects: See Caterpillars, Grubs

Isle of Cobras (Cobres) — Rio de Janeiro: seen 15; mentioned 16

J

Jamieson, Thomas: See Jamison, Thomas

Jamison, Thomas (Surgeon's Mate): to accompany King to Norfolk Island 40; lands at Norfolk Island 43; explores Norfolk Island 44; reports to King 44; mentioned 191, 282, 313, 314

Jay, John (Quarter Master Supply); drowns at Norfolk Island 44. See also Deaths

Jervis Bay: See Point Long Nose

Johnson, Catherine (convict) punished 285

Jones, Jonathon (convict): punished for insolence 191; term expires 267

Jones, Thomas (convict): declared a freeman 221; becomes a settler 243; mentioned 267; defrauded by Ann Coombs 280

K

Kamchatka (Kamschatka): visited by French ships (La Perouse) 38

Kent English Ship: at Cape Town 23

Kerstan, Johannes: contractor at Cape Town 21. See also Dewit, Petrus

Killock: making 73, 75; lost 87; mentioned 213

King, Lieut. Philip Gidley: Lieut. Governor of Norfolk Island: instructions as to his journal 4; sympathies with sailors in pay dispute 7; announces Phillip's visit to Governor of Tenerife 9; dines with Spanish Governor 9; describes inhabitants and customs of Tenerife 9–10; praises quality of victualling at Rio de Janeiro 15; describes approach for landing at Cape Frio 16; describes court of Vice King of Rio de Janeiro 17; criticises inspectors of Sirius 19; visits Governor of Cape of Good Hope 20; describes Cape Town 21, 22; transfers to Supply 24; calculations of ship's position 28; lands at Botany Bay with Phillip 32; encounter with natives 34; explores upper part of Botany Bay with Dawes 35; to go to Norfolk Island 37; visit La Perouse with Dawes 37; boards Boussole 37; La Perouse's story 38–40; appointed Superintendent and Commandant 40; names Phillip Island 42; accompanies Lieut. Ball to find landing place on Norfolk Island 43; circumnavigates Norfolk Island with Mr. Cunningham 43; explores Norfolk Island 44; lost in woods 45; examines Sydney Bay 46; selects campsite on Norfolk Island 46, 47; takes possession of Norfolk Island 47; journal and letter given to Lieut Ball 51; commission read 51; digs cellar under house 71; discovers plantane trees 70; puts settlement on 2/3 rations 84; ½ rations if no supplies by end of month 95; inters remains of men drowned 109, 301; pier or landing place to be built in Ball's Bay 112, 113, 117, 119, 121; explores coast with Mr. Morley 124; appears to have employed clerk to write up journal 124; changes the work schedule 162; explores Phillip Island 163; resumes plan for building pier 168; orders arms instructions 174; examines North and West sides of Norfolk Island 175; notes on Norfolk Island 179; reads Articles of War and Rules and Regulations 189; calls people together 189; administers oath 190; marines and militia fire powder 199, 211; does not perform Divine Service 205; receives despatches from Supply 253; sends despatches to Supply 259; regrets loss of John Boyant, convict 268; fears parakeets will destroy wheat 302; tries to catch fish 303; Supply, rain and drought 312; 2/3 rations ordered by Phillip 312; receives letters from Supply 313; punishes William Blackhall, convict, for insolence to him 317; grants Thursday holiday 319; receives despatches from Supply 329; receives despatches from Supply (?) Sirius (?) 339; requested by Ross to continue duties until relieved 341; survey of stores 341; account of wreck of Sirius 342, 343, 345, 347; departs on Supply for Port Jackson 347; describes emergency in Port Jackson 353; order to board Supply for England with Phillip's despatches 353; letter to U/Secy Nepean explaining reasons for visit to New Zealand 371

Knives: English price 377

L

La Perouse, Jean-Francois de Galaup (Captain, Boussole): off Botany Bay 36; visited by King 37; his account of massacre at Navigators Isles 38, 39; praises Captain Cook 40; convicts try to enlist with 38; well-equipped for voyage 39

Lady Penrhyn Transport (Sever, William Cropton, Commander): tonnage, crew, convicts 6; mentioned 7, 24

Laguna City (Tenerife): visited 10, 11

Lance Point: named by King 33; mentioned 34

Langle (D'Langle), Paul-Antoine-Marie Fleuriot (Captain Astrolabe): killed at Manua, Navigators Isles 38

Le Rocquet: mentioned 9

Leary, Jeremiah (convict): runs gauntlet among convicts and punished 341

Leeks: gathered 96

Lege, Fort of (Rio de Janeiro): mentioned 16

Lettuce (and Lettuce Onion): sown 52, 54, 96; seeds up 54, 56; gathered 96; salmon lettuce variety sown 108

Levingstone, J: See Livingstone, J.

Lidgbirds Island: named by Lieut. Ball 42

Lime Trees: planted at Norfolk Island 64; transplanted to plantation 85

Lions Rump (Cape Town): seen 20; mentioned 21

Lisbon (Portugal): mentioned 17

Livingstone, J: mentioned 179; spinning wheel 229

Long, John (Adjutant): mentioned 24, 33

Long, Joseph (convict): punished for absenting self from work 193; punished for “lending out shoes which he had to mend” 303

Longreach (England): mentioned 7

Lord Howe Island: discovered by Lieut Ball 41, 42; mentioned by King 349

Lucas, — (member of working gang): time expires 10 Dec 1789, 311

Lyons Rump: See Lions Rump

M

Macao: visited by French Ships (La Perouse) 38

MacLennan (MacLennand), Charles (convict): punished for theft of rum 69; for insubordination 75; for stealing eggs 104

Madeira: visited by La Perouse 38

Maio Isle (Cape Verde Is.): seen 12, mentioned 14

Malt: English price 376

Manua (Maouna) Island (Samoa): loss of Captain D'Langle at 38

Maoris: calculation of time 357; vocabulary noted by King 357–365; sneezing custom 359; beliefs of after-death 363–4; cannibalism 363; suicide 363; Tooké's chart 363–4; chiefs 364–8; fortification (hippah) 365–6; trading 365; King's gifts 366–7. See also Tooké, Woodoo

Maple: tree resembles 44

Maple sap: blinds men 193

Mariner, William (convict): his flour stolen 213

Marioram: sown 54

Marquis de Brance Forte (Spanish Governor of Canary Islands): visits Sirius 9

Marrow: sown 164, 251

Martinniere de la: botanist with French (La Perouse) expedition 39

Mauritius: See France, Isle of

May, Isle: See Maio, Isle

Maya Island (Rio de Janeiro): mentioned 16

Meat: fish substituted for 157, 161

Medicinal Drugs: at Rio de Janeiro 18

Mee, Francis (marine): his shirts stolen by Ann Coombs 283

Mewstone (Van Diemen's Land): seen 29

Militia at Cape Town: described 21, 22

Molucca (Indonesia): French ships (La Perouse) to return to Europe via 39

Monks: Franciscans and Dominicans at Tenerife 10

Morley, Roger: to accompany King to Norfolk Island 40; examines Ball's Bay with King 112; sent by King to make pier 117, 122; coastal exploration with King 124; helps to build granary 129; house for 249

Mortimer, Noah (convict): plot to seize Norfolk Island 189; discharged 191. See also: William Francis, Samuel Pickett, Thomas Watts, Robert Webb.

Punished for refusing to work 223; punished for “loitering and idling” 295. See also: Thomas Watts, Jonathon Holmes

Mother Bank (Isle of Wight): mentioned 7

Mother Carey's Chickens: seen 26

Mother Carey's Goose: seen 26

Mount George (Norfolk Island): mentioned 259, 263, 265, 267, 268, 269, 271, 279, 280

Mount Gower (Lord Howe Island): mentioned 349

Mount Pitt (Norfolk Island): named by King 45; mentioned 341

Mulberries: at Tenerife 11

Mules: at Tenerife 10, 11

Mummies: at Tenerife 11

Mustard: sown 54, 108; seeds up 56; price 376

Mutiny: attempt Charlotte 20

Mutton: supplied at Rio de Janeiro 15; cost of at Cape Town 22

Mutton Bird: “so very tame … knocked down with sticks” 46

N

Navigators Isles, Samoa (Isles De Navigateurs): La Perouse's account of tragedy at 38, 39; description of natives 39

Needles, The (Solent, England): mentioned 7

Nepean, Evan: King's letter explaining visit to New Zealand 371

Nepean, Nicholas, Captain: mentioned in King's draft letter to U/Secy Nepean 371

Nepean's Isle (Norfolk Island): mentioned 43, 99, 101, 144, 159, 163, 200, 257; King circum-navigates 83; King investigates 161; pines on 161; no fresh water 161

New Ireland (Papua New Guinea): French ships (La Perouse) to return to Europe via 39

New South Wales: mentioned 5,7; list of stock for 23

New Year's Day at Norfolk Island: observed (1789) 175; (1790) 323

New Zealand: flax at 46. See also: Maoris

Norfolk Island: landed 2; King to be sent to 37; visited by La Perouse 38; King leaves for 40; in sight 42; attempted landings 42, 43; settlement at 46, 47

Norfolk (King's first son): born at Norfolk Island 8 January 1789, 177; baptised 18 January 1789, 187

Norfolk Pines: described 44; mentioned 81; on Nepean Island 161; uprooted in hurricane 201–03; sow and litter killed 201; danger to houses 225; being barked to prevent worm 251

O

Oak trees on Norfolk Island: 202

Oats on Norfolk Island: 1 peck sown 119, 125; transplanted 124

Observatory: French, at Botany Bay 40

Onions: at Tenerife 11, sown 52, 54, 56; damaged by wind 61; Deptford - sown 106, 108; Strasburg - sown 106, 108; W. Spanish - sown 106, 108; destroyed by grubs 282

Oranges: supplied at Rio de Janeiro 15

P

Parakeets (Perroquets): at Norfolk Island 46; plague of 302; destroy wheat 308, 314; destroy Indian corn 323, 329

Parker, —, (midshipman on Supply): gives Phillip's despatches to King 99

Parker, Charles (Sirius carpenter): mentioned 19; building his house 121; finished 125

Parroquets (Perroquets): See Parakeets

Parrots: at Norfolk Island 46; at Phillip Island 163

Parsley: sown 52, 54; gathered 96

Parsnips: sown 54

Pay, sailors': disputes over withheld wages 7

Paya Island (Rio de Janeiro) mentioned 16

Peas: provision peas, 2 quarts sown 96; destroyed by rats 100; sown 106, 117, 119, 164, 251; pods appear 164; Indian corn substituted for 337; rice substituted for 337

Penguin Island (Cape of Good Hope): mentioned 23

Perroquets: See Parakeets

Petrels (Peterals) (Petterels): brown and black seen 19; about the ship 25, 26, 27, 29, 42

Phillimore's Valley (Norfolk Island): house built for settler 334

Phillip, Arthur (Governor): to receive journal 4; mentioned 5, 7, 9, 13, 18, 21, 35, 38, 39; meets Vice King of Rio de Janeiro 15; meets Governor of Cape Town 20; divides fleet 24; transfers to Supply 25; lands at Botany Bay 32; meets natives 34; leaves for Port Jackson 36; sends King to Norfolk Island 37; toast to his health 47; meets King on return from Norfolk Island 353; reduces rations at Port Jackson 353

Phillip Isle (Phillip's Isle): named by King 42; mentioned 45, 99, 107, 321, 333, 339; King explores 163; pine trees and “reed” 163; parrots and pigeons 163

Phillipines: visited by French ships 38

Pickett, Samuel (convict): plot to seize Norfolk Island 189, 191; forgiven 197. See also: William Francis, Noah Mortimer, Thomas Watts, Robert Webb

Pigeons at Norfolk Island: at Phillip Isle 163

Pigs: landed at Port Jackson 37; pen for (at Norfolk Island) 57, 73, 75; sow dies 73; boar and sow from Supply 101; boar wounded by Mary Gamble 184; sow and litter killed by falling tree 201; boar injured by falling tree 205; killed and eaten 205; sow stabbed by “hardened miscreants” 217; sow poisoned 291; boar killed 247, 272; substituted for salted pork 247; King's “familys allowance” 272; boar killed and substituted for salted meat 311; 2 hogs killed for Christmas 321; sow killed by convicts 326; price 377

Pines: See Norfolk Pines

Pintado Birds (Cape Pigeons): seen 19; mentioned 26

Pipkin, Elizabeth (convict): punished 237

Plank sawn for Port Jackson: mentioned 97, 99, 139, 141, 145, 147, 149, 209

Plantain (Plantane) Trees: King discovers 70; suckers transplanted to plantation 85; damaged by wind 122

Plot Hill (Norfolk Island): wheat 271; parakeets destroy wheat at 308

Plymouth (England) mentioned 7

Point Howe (Norfolk Island): attempted landing at 42; mentioned 43, 44

Point Hunter (Norfolk Island): mentioned 83, 159, 163, 257

Point King (Lord Howe Island): mentioned 349

Point Long Nose (Jervis Bay): seen 31, 349

Point Ross (Norfolk Island): mentioned 42, 99, 101, 139; attempted landing at 43

Point Solander (Botany Bay): abreast of 32; mentioned 33, 36

Point Sutherland (Botany Bay): mentioned 32, 33

Pork: double allowance 171; in lieu of salt pork 205; price 376

Port: English price 376

Port Jackson: examined by Phillip 35; possession taken of 36; settlement to be at 36; mentioned 38, 40, 51, 97, 99, 107, 109, 139, 141, 145, 149, 207, 209, 313, 347, 353

Port Kembla: See Red Point

Port Praia (Port Praya) Cape Verde Islands: seen 12; mentioned 13

Port Stephens: mentioned 24

Porter: English price 377

Porto Santo (Sancto) Madeira Is.): mentioned 8

Portuguese Brig: seen 13

Portuguese Snow: seen 14

Potatoes: cost of at Cape Town 22; sown 52, 54, 289, 297; appearing 56; King forced to sow quickly 224; damaged by southerly 262; yield 291; ¾ acre sown 305; running to stalk 308

Poultry: dear at Tenerife 11; supplied at Rio de Janeiro 15; cost of at Cape Town 22; purchased at Cape Town 23; landed at Port Jackson 37; turkey hen killed accidentally 79; pens being made 131, 187, 311, 339

Powers, Joseph (convict): escapes from Alexander 11; recaptured 12

Prince of Wales: health toasted 36, 47; birthday honoured 109, 275

Prince of Wales Transport (Mason, John, Captain): tonnage, crew, convicts 6; mentioned 7, 24

Provisions: per Golden Grove 137, 139; 2 years' supply 146

Pumice Stone: large pieces at Norfolk Island 46

Pumpkins: at Tenerife 11

Purslane (Purslain): gathered 96

Q

Quail at Norfolk Island: attack barley crop 164

Quails, Isle of: See Porto Praia

Queen of England (Charlotte): health toasted 36, 47; birthday celebrated 327

R

Radishes: seeds up 54; sown 58; “BS” radish sown 58; short-top variety sown 108

Rasa, Island (Raz) Rio de Janeiro: anchored at 15; mentioned 16

Rats on Norfolk Island: eat Indian corn 61, 280, 282, 286; destroy wheat and barley 66; King's method of killing 66; caught 71, 73; in cask of flour 111; destroy barley 136, 164

Raven, W. (Britannia Captain): conveys King to New Zealand see appendix; King notes English prices supplied by 372; recipe for curing hams 373

Récéveur, Rev. Laurent (Abbé): with La Perouse expedition 39; died and interred at Botany Bay 40

Red Point (Port Kembla): seen 30

Redonda Island (Rodondo) Rio de Janeiro: mentioned 15, 16

Regiments — Portuguese at Rio de Janeiro: Braganza, Estramodo, Moira 17; Cape of Good Hope: Gordon, Wurtemburg 22, 23

Remembrance English sloop: on passage to Falkland Isles 13

Rhubarb: sown 54

Rice: exported from Rio de Janeiro 18; ground prepared 135; 3 pecks sown 281; served in lieu of peas 337

Rio de Janeiro (South America): Portuguese Snow bound for 14; arrive at 15; population 17; sail from 18; mentioned 26

Robbin Island (Cape Town): mentioned 20

Robinson, James: missing 185; found 185

Robinson, Joshua (convict): punished for “absenting … with a bad intention” 195. See also Thomas Watts

Rock Cod: carries away hooks and lines 222

Rock Weed: seen 27, 29

Rodondo: See Redonda Island

Rope: from bark of tree 218. See Chinese Mulberry paper

Ross, Robert (Lieut Governor NSW): mentioned 33; arrives at Norfolk Island to replace King 342; assembles officers and marines of Sirius 343; King mentions in journal entry on Sirius wreck 343, 345, 347; permits John Branagan and William Dring (convicts) to board Sirius wreck 347

Rum: exported from Rio de Janeiro 18; from Golden Grove 143; allowance on Christmas day (1788) 171; allowance on New Year's day (1789) 175; allowance on the King's birthday 247; English price 376

S

St. Ann Island (Rio de Janeiro): mentioned 16

St. Helena Bay: mentioned 23

St. Jago (Cape Verde Is.): mentioned 12; seen 12

St. Pauls Island: mentioned 27

Sal, Isle of (Cape Verde Islands): seen 12

Salvages Islands: See Selvagens Islands

Samoa: See Navigator's Isles

Sandwich Islands: visited by French ships (La Perouse) 38

Santa Catherina: visited by La Perouse 38

Santa Cruz (Canary Islands): anchor off 8; described 9, 10; mentioned 11; leave 12

Santa Cruz Fort (Rio de Janeiro): mentioned 15, 16, 18

Scarborough Transport (Marshall, John, Captain): tonnage, crew, convicts 6; mentioned 7; to proceed ahead of fleet 24; arrives at Botany Bay 33

Scissors: English price 377

Sea Fowl: various seen 42

Seed: 2 casks by Golden Grove 143

Seine (fishing boat) at Norfolk Island: mentioned 171

Selvagens Islands (Madeira Islands) mentioned 8

Shallot (Shallott): sown 54

Sharks: thresher attacks whale 27, 126; part of fish catch 159; carry away hooks and lines 222

Sheep: cost of at Cape Town 22, 23; landed at Port Jackson 37; killed by lightning 37; ewe dies 53, 67; pen for 57

Sherry: English price 377

Shortland, Lieut. John (Navy Agent): mentioned 6, 24

Sickness: aboard Charlotte 20; number of sick at Cape town 21; diarrhoea due to vegetables 326

Signals (maritime): 8, 12, 13, 20, 24

Sirius HMS (First Fleet Flagship): described 5; mentioned 7, 9, 15, 18, 24, 25, 35, 40; crosses equator 14; history of 19; timbers rotted 19; at Table Bay 20; mutineers brought onboard 20; arrives at Botany Bay 33; anchors at Sydney Cove 36; at Norfolk Island 339 unloads baggage 341; wrecked 342–3, 347

Smiths Ground at Norfolk Island: begun 330

Soap: English price 376

Sorrel: found on Norfolk Island 43, sown 54

South Cape (Van Diemen's Land): seen 29

South Wind: southerly noted by King 227; southerlies damage potatoes 262

Spinach (Spinnage) (Spinnach): sown 52, 108; seeds up 56; mountain spinach sown 96; round and prickly variety sown 108

Spirits: mentioned 17

Spithead (England): sailed from 2

Start Point (England): mentioned 7

Stingray at Norfolk Island: caught 165

Stockade (Stoccade): building 325, 327, 329, 337, 339. See also Barracks

Storehouse at Norfolk Island: begun 57; delay 59; completed 61; (2nd) building 221, 223, 231, 235, 241, 245; cellar 225; completed 243; mentioned 245

Storeships: See Borrowdale, Fishburn, Golden Grove

Sugar: from Rio de Janeiro 18; English price 376

Sugar Cane: planted 56; damaged by hurricane 202, transplanted 219

Sugar Loaf Mountain (Rio de Janeiro): seen 15, mentioned 16

Sugar Loaf (Cape Town): mentioned 21

Supply (Ball, Henry Lidgbird, Lieut.): described 5; mentioned 7, 8, 15, 20, 35, 37, 45, 259, 313, 347; to proceed ahead of Fleet 24; King goes aboard 25; marines and convicts board 36; equips and sails for Norfolk Island 40; anchored in Duncombe Bay 44; Quartermaster Jay drowns 44; brings supplies to Norfolk Island 99, 101, 111; landing boats too dangerous 103; successful landing 105; leaves Norfolk Island 106; brought Cape wheat 109; (2nd visit) supplies 205, 207, 209; (3rd visit) supplies 253, 255; carpenter to build boat for Norfolk Island 255, 259; sails for Port Jackson 259, 313, 331; (4th visit) supplies 313; (5th visit) supplies 329, 331; (6th visit) accompanied by Sirius 339; supplies 341, 343

Sydney (Sidney) Bay (Norfolk Island): King and Ball examine break in reef 46; landing at 46; named by King 46; mentioned 107, 113, 118, 163

Sydney Cove, Port Jackson: settled 2; fleet arrives at 36

T

Table Bay (Cape Town): anchored in 20; mentioned 21

Table Hill (Cape Town): mentioned 21

Table Mountain (Cape Town): mentioned 21

Tahiti (Otaheite): bark for cloth 218

Tank Stream, Sydney: “a small rivulet” 36

Tea: cargo from China 6; English price 376

Tenerife (Teneriffe) (Canary Islands): anchor at 8; industries 9, 10; mentioned 9; people, customs, country described 9, 10, 11; visited by La Perouse 38

Terr-a-witte (N.Z. district): 364–366

Thompson, Jonathon (convict): punished 189

Thompson, William (convict): punished for stealing Indian corn 193

Thyme: sown 54

Timekeeper (chronometer): mentioned 8 passim; described aboard French ships 39

Tomlinson, —, (seaman on Supply): drowned 105. Also see James Cunningham, William Westbrook, William Williams

Tongues: English price 376

Tooké: 357, 363–8

Topaz: at Rio de Janeiro 18

Transports: See Alexander, Charlotte, Friendship, Lady Penrhyn, Prince of Wales, Scarborough

Trincomali, Sri Lanka (Trincomalay): mentioned 17

Tripe: English price 376

Tropical Birds: seen 42, 349

Tull, Jethro (1674–1741): book mentioned 245

Turnips: sown 52, 92, 96; seeds up 54, 94; gathered 96; destroyed by hurricane 202; harrowing seed 335

Turtle: seen 30, 124; at Norfolk Island 44, 50–54, 62, 64, 121–2, 137, 140, 150, 307; John Jay drowns attempting to catch 44

Turtle Bay (Norfolk Island): mentioned 325

V

Van de Graaf, Monsieur (Dutch Governor of Cape Town): meets Phillip and King 20; mentioned 21

Van Diemen's Land: seen 29

Vegetables: King's list 52, 54, 56, 58; destruction of, at Norfolk Island 63; growing again 192; method for preventing grubs 240; thriving 262; caterpillars destroy 304, 314. See also: Beans, Beets, Broccoli, Cabbages, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Corn-salad, Cress, Fennel, French beans, Garden beans, Indian corn, Leeks, Marjoram, Mustard, Onions, Parsley, Parsnips, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Purslane, Radishes, Rhubarb, Shallots, Sorrel, Spinach, Thyme, Yams

Vasconcelos, Luis de (Viceroy of Brazil): meets Governor Phillip 15; his court described 17, farewelled 18

Victualling, cost of: 337

Vinegar: English prices 376

Vines: expected at Norfolk Island 241

W

Wangaroa (N.Z. district): 364, 366

Water: allowance 23

Waterhouse, Henry (3rd Lieut Sirius): gives Phillip's despatches to King 99; takes King's despatches to Phillip 107; returns to Port Jackson on Supply 347

Watson, Thomas: See Watts, Thomas

Watts, Thomas (alias Watson): punished for disobedience 187; plot to seize Norfolk Island 189 (see also: Robert Webb, William Francis, Samuel Pickett, Noah Mortimer); tried, to be sent to Port Jackson 213; examined 237; forgiven 249; punished for “absenting … with a bad intention” 195 (see also: Joshua Robinson); punished for stealing flour 213; punished for “loitering and idling” 295 (see also: Noah Mortimer, Jonathon Holmes)

Webb, Robert (Gardener on Norfolk Island): informs King of plan to seize Norfolk Island 189; settles on Norfolk Island 306

Webb, Thomas: accompanies Mr. Altree to Ball Bay 169

Weevils: in wheat 217

Westbrook, William: drowned 105 see also: James Cunningham, — Tomlinson, William Williams

Whale oil: onboard Kent 23

Whales: Kent in search of 23; seen 23, 25; in combat with thresher shark 27, 126

Wheat at Norfolk Island: sown 62, 63, 79, 80, 84, 86, 88, 108, 109, 219, 221, 225, 245, 251, 256, 257, 262, 271, 288; seeds up 86, 114, 248, 249, 262; yield 92, 171, 173, 175, 166, 271, 277, 310, 313, 314; threshing 175, 177, 185, 315, 317, 318, 321, 327, 329, 331, 335, 337; roller for 229, 235; destroyed by caterpillar 234, 236, 237, 240, 242, 248; attempts to save 235, little remaining 236, 244; destroyed by southerlies 280; ripening 302, 310, 314; blown down 306; storage 315, 335; wet weather 316; English price 376

White lead: English price 376

Williams, James (marine): shirt stolen 237

Williams, John (marine): confined for quarrelling 231; punished 231, 233

Williams, William (convict): drowned 105; interred 109 see also: James Cunningham, — Tomlinson, William Westbrook

Williamson, Jonathon (marine): makes fish hooks 223; works forge 276

Wine: at Tenerife 11; at Cape Town 21; in celebration of the King's birthday 247

Wollongong: See Hatt Hill

Woodoo: 364–8

Y

Yams: sown 52; not destroyed by grubs 66; thriving 68

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