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  ― 121 ―

Explanation of Plates.

Plate 13.

Plate 13: EUCALYPTUS INCRASSATA, Labill. (Typical and nearly so.) No. 6 is E. TORQUATA, Leuhmann. Lithograph by Margaret Flockton



  • 1. Facsimile of portion of drawing of type of E. incrassata, Labill., from tab. 150, “Novæ Hollandiæ Plantarum Specimen,” vol. ii. The venation is, as Mueller has pointed out, too straight.
  • 2a. Flowering twig; 2b, Fruits. Both No. 65 (3rd Collection), Drummond, Western Australia.
  • 3a, 3b. Leaves and fruits. “Between Albany and Williams River,” Western Australia (Webb.), from Melbourne Herbarium. (See page 105.)
  • 4. Diels' No. 2,990. Western Australia. See page 105. (Compare with E. erythronema, Turcz., var. Roei, Maiden, as regards shape of fruits. See page 110.)
  • 5a. Flowering twig; 5b, Front and back view of anther; 5c, Fruits, of Eucalyptus dumosa, var. scyphocalyx” (so labelled by Mueller), Eyre's Relief Camp, Great Australian Bight, W.A. Near typical incrassata. See page 105.
  • 6a. Buds and flower; 6b, Front and back view of anther; 6c, Fruits. All of E. torquata, Luehmann. From Coolgardie, Western Australia (L. C. Webster). See page 109.

Plate 14.

Plate 14: EUCALYPTUS INCRASSATA, Labill. (Variety ANGULOSA, Bentham.) Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1. Flowering twig, of No. 75, Drummond. Note the broad foot-stalk, the corrugated calyx, and conical operculum.
  • 2. Fruits and leaf of “Eucalyptus costata,” Behr., and Müller, Boston Point, in Miquel's “Plantæ Müllerianæ.” See page 102. Fruits very ribbed (costate).
  • 3a, 3b. Twig (in flower) and early fruit of Eucalyptus angulosa, Schauer. “S. W. Bay, W. Australia” (Oldfield). See page 102.
  • 4. Twig showing buds of E. rugosa. Robert Brown (1802-5), southern coast of Australia. This specimen is in Herb. Mus., Paris, which it reached vid Kew. Note that this specimen approaches the blunt operculum form, Plate 15, figs. 5 and 6.
  • 5. Fruits. Near Port Lincoln, South Australia. (Walter Gill.)

Plate 15.

Plate 15: EUCALYPTUS INCRASSATA, Labill. (Miscellaneous forms.) Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1a, 1b. Buds and anthers (three views), Dimboola, Victoria. (F. Reader.)
  • 2a, 2b. Ninety-Mile (Murray) Desert, South Australia. (W. Gill.) Constricted and sub-cylindrical forms of fruit taken from the same branch.
  • 3a, 3b. Buds and fruits. Murray Desert (Tintinarra), South Australia. (R. H. Cambage.) The fruits are nearly sessile.
  • 4. Fruits. Dimboola, Victoria. (F. Reader.) Even more sessile than the preceding.
  • 5a. Twig with buds; 5b, Anthers, front and back view; 5c, Twig with fruits; 5d, Top view of fruit. All from Coolgardie, Western Australia. (R. Helms.) Note the blunt opercula, and the large, sub-conical fruits. See page 105. Note the similarity (except in size) to 6.
  • 6a. Twigs with buds and flowers; 6b, Anthers; three different views. Camp 49, Victoria Desert, Elder Exploring Expedition, 12th September, 1891. (R. Helms.) Note the blunt operculum and smallish fruits. See page 105.
  • 7a. Buds. 7b. Fruits. Emu Flat, Ninety-Mile Desert, South Australia. (W. Gill.) Note the shape of the opercula, bluntish, corrugated, and less in diameter than the calyx, tending to form the “egg-in-egg-cup” arrangement. This connects the type with var. dumosa, and with the conical-fruited and blunt operculum forms. See page 107. Compare Plate 21, figs. 1a, 1b. The fruits are sub-conical in shape, and intermediate in size between 5c and 7b.
  • 8. Fruits. Gol Gol, near Wentworth, N.S.W. (A. W. Howitt.) Sub-conical in shape.




  ― 122 ―

Plate 16.

Plate 16: EUCALYPTUS INCRASSATA, Labill. (Variety DUMOSA, and forms near thereto.) Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1a. Twig with buds and flowers; 1b and 1c, Fruits, E. dumosa, A. Cunn., from near Wyalong, N.S.W., and one of the localities whence Allan Cunningham collected his type.
  • 2a, 2b. Front and back views of anthers of E. dumosa from Coolabah, N.S.W., and Cobar, N.S.W., respectively, from plants absolutely typical for Cunningham's plant.
  • 3. Fruits of var. dumosa, Dimboola, Victoria. (F. Reader.) Note the exserted valves, which are occasionally observed in the species.
  • 4. Specimen of variety dumosa from De Candollean (Prodromus) Herbarium. De Candolle's label was “34, E. cneorifolia, DC., altera species. (2). Species foliis oblongo lanceolatis.” This specimen is fully discussed at p. 98.
  • 5a. Twig with buds; 5b, Fruits. Lake Bogan, River Murray, N.S.W. (A. W. Howitt.) A rather coarse form of variety dumosa and tending to the typical form of the species.
  • 6a. Buds and flowers; 6b, Front and back views of anther; 6c, Fruits. Sand plains north from the Stirling Range, Western Australia. A rather coarse, sessile-flowered form of the variety dumosa, illustrative of the great amount of the variation in the species incrassata. See p. 105. Compare Plate 21, figs. 2a, 2b.

Plate 17.

Plate 17: EUCALYPTUS INCRASSATA, Labill. Var. CONGLOBATA, R. Br. (except 3b). Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1a, 1b. Twig and separate head of fruits of Eucalyptus incrassata, Labill.; var. conglobata, R. Br. Port Lincoln, South Australia. (W. Gill, Dec., 1901.) See p. 101.
  • 2a, 2b. Flowering twig and anthers of “E. dumosa, A. Cunn.; var. conglobata, R. Br.” Port Lincoln, Wilhelmi (Herb. Melbourne). A type of E. dumosa, var. conglobata (R. Br.; B.Fl. iii, 230). See p. 101.
  • 3a, 3b. “E. dumosa, var., Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Iter 1802–5. Robert Brown.” No. 4,748 of the British Museum collections, distributed by Mr. J. J. Bennett in 1876. As regards 3b, see my remarks at p. 101. It is probably a detached twig; nearer to var. dumosa than to var. conglobata.
  • 4. “E. dumosa, var.” “Island viii, South Coast” (South Australia). Robert Brown, 1802–5. Another specimen.
  • 5a, 5b. “E. dumosa, var.” In early and riper fruit. “Bay ix, South Coast.” Robert Brown, 1802–5. Ex herb., Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • 6. Head of fruit. “South Coast.” R. Brown. Ex. herb., Berlin. Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6 are doubtless from the same batch of specimens collected by Robert Brown on the South Australian coast, and perhaps near what is now called Port Lincoln.

Plate 18.

Plate 18: 1. EUCALYPTUS INCRASSATA, Labill. Var. Goniantha, var. nov. ; 2. EUCALYPTUS INCRASSATA, Labill. Var. Grossa, var. nov. Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1a, 1b, 1c. Eucalyptus goniantha, Turcz. No. 71 Drummond. See p. 103. Twig bearing buds and flowers; anthers and top view of young fruit. var. grossa, var. nov.
  • 2a, 2b, 2c. Twig with buds and flowers; anthers; cluster of fruits. See p. 104. Euc. grossa, F.v.M.
  • 2a. From a specimen cultivated in the Botanic Garden, Melbourne.
  • 2c. Western Australia. (C. Walter.)




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Plate 19.

Plate 19: 1. Young foliage of EUCALYPTUS INCRASSATA, Labill. Var. DUMOSA, F.v.M. ; the reaminder are forms connecting E. INCRASSATA, Labill., and E. FŒCUNDA, Schauer.



  • 1. Sucker of E. incrassata, Labill.; var. dumosa, F.v.M., from Wyalong, N.S.W.
  • 2. “E. obtusiflora, DC.” (incorrectly labelled). “Voyage du Capitaine Baudin. Nouv. Hollande. Côté Occident.” No. 25,490, U.S. National Herbarium. This is one of the numerous forms connecting E. incrassata, Labill., and E. fæcunda, Schauer. All the remaining plants depicted on Plate 19 may be also so designated, in my opinion. See page 117.
  • 3a, 3b, 3c. “E. obtusiflora, DC.” (incorrectly so labelled). “Australia,” Ex. Herb. Mus., Paris. 3a, in bud and early fruit; 3b, in flower; 3c, anthers taken from 3b.
  • 4a, 4b. Twig with buds; fruits. No. 3,226, West Australia (L. Diels). Herb., Berlin.
  • 5. Robert Brown. “Bay iii,” Iter Australiense, 1802–5. See p. 118.

Plate 20.

Plate 20: Forms (larger than those of Plate 19) connecting E. INCRASSATA, Labill., and FŒCUNDA, Schauer.



  • 1a, Twig with buds; 1b, Twig with fruits; 1c, Fruit showing marked rim. Oldfield, 1866 (W. Australia), Ex. Herb., Barbey-Boissier.
  • 2a, 2b. “Voyage du Capitaine Baudin. Ile des Amiraux, Nouv. Hollande.” Ex. Herb. Mus., Paris. U.S. Nat. Herb., No. 25,516.
  • 3a. “Voyage du Capit. Baudin. Côté Occid., 1801.” Twig with buds. 3b. Anthers from the same. Ex. Herb. Mus., Paris; 3c, 3d, Twig with fruits. “Voyage du Capit. Baudin, 1801. Nouv. Hollande.” Ex. Herb. Mus., Paris.
  • 4. “Capit. Baudin, 1801. Ile Decrès” (the modern Kangaroo Island). Ex. Herb. Mus., Paris.
  • 5. “Voyage du Capitaine Baudin, 1801. Nouv. Hollande, Iles Stériles.” Herb. Mus., Paris. Kew, Ex. Herb. Mus., Paris; also, No. 25,515, U.S. Nat. Herb.

All the plants depicted in Plate 20 are, in my opinion, forms connecting E. incrassata, Labill. and E. fœcunda, Schauer. So are some of those depicted on Plate 19, but those of Plate 20 are larger forms than those on Plate 19. I have gone very fully into the matter at pp. 117–119.

Plate 21.

Plate 21: 1-3. Varieties of EUCALYPTUS INCRASSATA, Labill. 4. EUCALYPTUS FŒCUNDA, Schauer. Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1a, 1b. Fruits and buds of E. dumosa, A. Cunn., var. (?) rhodophloia, Benth. (B.Fl. iii, 230). Phillips' Bluff, near Eyre's Relief, W.A. (Maxwell.) Drawn by Miss M. Smith from a specimen in Herb., Kew. See p. 98. Compare Plate 15, 7b, where we also see another plant with sub-conical fruits.
  • 2a, 2b. Buds and fruits of E. dumosa, A. Cunn.; var. punticulata, Benth. (B.Fl. iii, 230.) “Shrub, 6–8 ft., Stony Hills, Gordon River, W.A.” Drawn by Miss M. Smith from a specimen in Herb., Kew. See p. 98. Compare Plate 16, 6c, a form exceedingly close to this.
  • 3. Var. dumosa, Redhill, Hundred of Redhill, S.A. (W. Gill.) A small fruited form, with exserted valves. See p. 106.
  • 4a, 4b, 4c. Buds, flowers, fruits, of E. fæcunda, Schauer. Murchison River, W.A. (Oldfield.) Drawn from a specimen in Herb., Barbey-Boissier, labelled in Bentham's handwriting.




  ― 124 ―

Plate 22.

Plate 22: EUCALYPTUS FŒCUNDA, Schauer. Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1a. Buds; 1b, Flowers (and anther); 1c, fruits of E. fæcunda, Schauer. No. 87 of J. Drummond, coll. 1843. Swan River, W.A.
  • 2a. Buds; 2b, flowers (with anthers) of E. fæcunda, Schauer. “Inter Swan River et K. G. Sound, Roe (Hügel).” Ex. Imperial and Royal Herbarium, Vienna. (N.B.—The type of E. fæcunda, Schauer, is in that herbarium.) This specimen has red filaments, and dark pollen masses, as often seen in E. incrassata.
  • 3a. Unripe fruits; 3b, ripe fruits of E. fæcunda, Schauer. “Red Sandstone Hill, Minara, Murchison River, W.A. Herb., Kew. (Herb. Hookerianum, 1867). “Flora Australiensis.” Named by Mr. Bentham, iii, p. 232.
  • 4a. Leaf; 4b, fruits of E. fæcunda, Schauer. “No. 3,295, W. Australia, 2nd July, 1901 (L. Diels).” Leaves very thick.

Plate 23.

Plate 23: EUCALYPTUS FŒCUNDA, Schauer. (E. loxophleba, Benth.). Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1a. Very young buds; 1b, ripe buds and flowers; 1c, unripe fruits of E. loxophleba, Benth. No. 82 of Drummond's collection, 1844.
  • 2a. Anthers; 2b, fruits of E. loxophleba, Benth. (in Bentham's handwriting). “Tree, 25–30 feet; bark rough, fibrous. Hills near Okagee, Champion Bay, W.A.” (Oldfield.) Herb. Barbey-Boissier.
  • 3a. Buds; 3b, flowers and anthers; 3c, fruits of E. loxophleba, Benth. “Stamens, pale yellow. Northam, W.A., July, 1898.” (W. V. Fitzgerald.)
  • 4a, 4b. E. loxophleba, Benth.; var. fruticosa, Benth. Flowers and leaves from Murchison River, W.A. (Oldfield.)
  • 4a. Two leaves, a bud, and two flowers without anthers (Sheet 1, Herb., Kew).
  • 4b. One leaf, one fruit (Sheet 2, Herb., Kew). See p. 113, where I surmise that these (4a and 4b) specimens probably belong to E. odorata, Behr.

Plate 24.

Plate 24: EUCALYPTUS FŒCUNDA, Schauer.(E. loxophleba, Benth.) Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1a. Fruits; 1b, fruit, end view. E. loxophleba, Benth. (in Bentham's handwriting). “Shrub, 6–8 ft.; branching from root; main branches, oblique; bark, red. Limestone Hill, Lynton, Pt. Gregory, W.A.” (Oldfield.) Herb. Barbey-Boissier. Thick coriaceous leaves.
  • 2. Sucker leaves. 2,579A. E. loxophleba, Benth. “Avon, nordwestlich von Newcastle, W.A.” (L. Diels.)
  • 3. Fruits. No. 2,914. E. loxophleba, Benth. “W. Australien, pr. York, frequens 24th May, 1901.” (L. Diels.)
  • 4a. Buds and flowers; 4b, anthers; 4c, fruits. “No. 2,579. E. loxophleba, Benth. Newcastle, W.A., 26th February, 1901.” (L. Diels.)

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