Explanation of Plates (37–40).

Plate 37.

Plate 37: EUCALYPTUS CAPITELLATA, Sm. Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.

E. capitellata, Sm.

  • 1. Fruits (misplaced by White) of E. capitellata in White's “Voyage,” 1790, p. 226, of the “Peppermint Tree.”
  • 2a. Leaf; 2b, pointed operculum and flowers of a specimen from Dr. (J. E.) Smith, ex herb. Lambert in herb. Cant. Piece of the type of the species.
  • 3a. Leaf; 3b, buds, of R. Brown's E. congesta from Port Jackson.
  • 4a. Pair of juvenile leaves; 4b, pair of leaves in the alternate stage, showing the orbicular shape. From Middle Harbour, Port Jackson.
  • 5a. Buds; 5b, anthers; 5c, fruits, from Oatley, George's River, a few miles south of Port Jackson.
  • 6a. Leaf; 6b, buds; 6c and 6d, fruits. All from the same tree, North Shore, Port Jackson. Note the variation in the amount of exsertion of the valves, and the similarity of 6d to 1.
  • [N.B.—All the above are practically identical.]
  • 7a. Buds; 7b, fruits, from Guy Fawkes, New England.
  • 8a. Juvenile leaves in the alternate stage; 8b, mature leaf; 8c, buds; 8d, fruits of E. capitellata, var. (?) latifolia, Benth. (B.Fl. iii, 206). Portland, Vic., J. G. Robertson, 1842.
  • 9a. Leaf; 9b, buds; 9c, fruits of E. santalifolia var. Baxteri, Benth. Portland, Vic., J. G. Robertson, 1842.
  • 10a. Leaf, with buds attached; 10b, fruits of E. capitellata, Portland, Vic. Mr. Adams, through A. E. Kitson, 1904.
  • 11a. Leaf and buds; 11b, fruits. Sandy rises, Narracoorte, South Australia (W. Gill, 5/01).
  • 12a. Leaf; 12b, rugose buds, simulating E. alpina; 12c, fruits, Grampians, Victoria, 2,000 feet. (H. B. Williamson.)

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Plate 38.

Plate 38: EUCALYPTUS CAPITELLATA, Sm. (1-9). E. MUELLERINA, HOWITT, and ALLIES (10-18). Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.

E. capitellata (left hand of Plate, Nos. 1 to 9).

  • 1a. Buds, with rugged operculum; 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 1f, fruits, all gathered from the same tree at Mt. Lofty, near Adelaide (Max Koch). Displaying a considerable amount of variation in exsertion of valves.
  • 2a. Pair of seedling leaves; 2b, buds; 2c, fruits from Osler's Creek, Gippsland, Victoria (A. W. Howitt). A seedling from the same tree was figured by Howitt at fig. 2, pl. 14, Trans. Roy. Soc. Vict., 1890–1. Mature leaves broadish. Specimens collected by Howitt at Wandin Yallock, and King Parrot Creek are identical.
  • 3a. Juvenile leaves; 3b, buds; 3c, fruits, Blackheath, New South Wales (J.H.M. and R. H. Cambage), of the Blue Mountains form described at p. 216.
  • 4a. Juvenile or intermediate leaves; 4b, buds; 4c, fruits, of the form from the Outer Domain, Sydney, described at p. 217.
  • 5. Leaf, buds and early fruits of the “E. dumosa” (Benth. non A. Cunn.) Blue Mountains, New South Wales (Backhouse), B.Fl. iii, 230. It is a twig of E. capitellata with small leaves, such as is common enough. [The venation in the small leaves of the specimen resembles that of E. incrassata, var. dumosa a good deal.]
  • 6a. Juvenile leaves; 6b, fruits of the “Blue-leaf Stringybark” described at p. 215. Hill Top, New South Wales (J.H.M.).
  • 7a. Buds; 7b, fruits of the E. eugenioides transit to E. capitellata, described at p. 216. Berrima, New South Wales, 9/01 (J.H.M. and J. L. Boorman).
  • 8a and 8b, buds; 8c. fruits. Wingello, New South Wales, 8/99 (J.H.M. and J. L. Boorman). 8a and 8b are from the same twig! 8a is typical for capitellata, while 8b would readily be pronounced eugenioides. I look upon this as small-fruited capitellata, and it is discussed at p. 215.
  • 9a. Buds; 9b, small fruits, with well exserted valves. Booral, New South Wales (A. Rudder). I look upon this as a small-fruited form of E. capitellata, and it is described at p. 214.

E. Muelleriana and allies (Nos. 10 to 18).

  • 10a. Buds and flowers; 10b, fruits. “Red Stringybark.” Walcha, New South Wales (A. R. Crawford).
  • 11a. Buds and flowers; 11b, fruits. Nundle, New South Wales (J. L. Boorman).
  • 12a. Leaf; 12b, buds (yellow); 12c, fruits. Attunga, 12 miles north-west of Tamworth, New South Wales (R. H. Cambage).
  • 13. Fruits. Harding's Mill, near Glen Innes, New South Wales (H. Deane).
  • 10–13. Are all from the northern table-land. The fruits are all more or less pear-shaped. 11 is more conoid than the rest. 13 is not fully ripe. They are obviously closely-allied forms, and I have no doubt that they are transit forms between E. macrorrhyncha and E. Muelleriana. I place them with the former species for the reasons stated at p. 229; but I think it is useful to contemplate their affinity with the latter.
  • 14a. Buds; 14b and 14c, fruits, all obtained from the same tree. Kanimbla Valley, Lowther Road, New South Wales (A. H. S. Lucas and J.H.M.) Note the narrow rims of 14b, which resemble those of E. nigra, R. T. Baker. The rims of 14c are much broader. I think the plant is a small-fruited form of E. Muelleriana, but other botanists may place it under E. eugenioides.
  • 15a. Buds; 15b, fruits of type of E. nigra, R. T. Baker. Woodburn, Richmond River (W. Baeuerlen). Compare 15b and 14b. I look upon E. nigra as a transit form between E. Muelleriana and E. eugenioides.
  • 16a. Leaf in the intermediate stage; 16b, mature leaf; 16c, buds, inclined to be angular; 16d, fruits. Stanthorpe, Queensland. “The common Stringybark of the district” (A. Murphy). I look upon this as a small-fruited form of E. Muelleriana, showing transit to E. eugenioides.
  • 17a. Buds; 17b, 17c, 17d, fruits taken from the same tree of type of E. Wilkinsoniana, R. T. Baker. (E. lœvopinea, R.T.B., var. minor.) Glenrock Paddocks, Barber's Creek, New South Wales (H. J. Rumsey).
  • 18a. Buds; 18b, fruits of co-type of E. Wilkinsoniana. Sutton Forest, New South Wales (R. T. Baker). The fruits of 18b, with flat rim, are closest to the form shown in 17b, and not a stable form. I look upon E. Wilkinsoniana as a small-fruited form of E. Muelleriana, undoubtedly showing transit to E. eugenioides.

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Plate 39.

Plate 39: EUCALYPTUS MACRORRHYNCHA, F.v.M. (3-21). E. EUGENIOIDES, Sieb. (1-2). Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.

E. eugenioides, Sieb. (1–2).

  • 1a and 1b. Juvenile foliage. Armidale (A. W. Howitt). [Note that 1a and 1b are still in the strictly opposite stage, and that they still retain their stellate hairs, yet the difference in the width is remarkable.] 1c, buds, inclined to be angular; 1d, fruits. For comment on these specimens see pp. 219 and 223.
  • 2a, Juvenile leaves; 2b, juvenile leaves a stage further, yet not beyond the stellate hairs stage; 2c, buds, slightly angular, but in a less advanced stage than 1c; 2d, fruits, flat-topped. Stanthorpe, Queensland (J. L. Boorman).

[There is no doubt that the Armidale and Stanthorpe specimens belong to the same form. I look upon it as E. eugenioides, showing transit to a small-fruited form of E. Muelleriana, and the matter is discussed at p. 219.]

E. macrorrhyncha, F.v.M. (3–21).

  • 3a. Leaf; 3b, buds; 3c, fruits. Chiltern, Victoria. Seen and named by Mueller.
  • 4. Fruits. Maryborough, Victoria (J. Blackburne).
  • 5a. Leaf; 5b, buds; 5c, fruit, Buchan, N. Gippsland (A. W. Howitt). The fruit is nearly typical, but the buds are nearer those of E. eugenioides.
  • 6a and 6b. Two juvenile leaves still in the opposite stage; 6c, leaf from the same place, showing the tufts of stellate hairs on the margin; 6d, leaf (same locality), with the hairs enlarged, showing their relative abundance; 6e, fruits; all between Bombala and Delegate, New South Wales (J.H.M.).
  • 7. Buds. Weddin, near Grenfell, New South Wales (J.H.M.).
  • 8. Fruits. Hassan's Walls, Bowenfels, New South Wales (J.H.M.).
  • 9a. Buds; 9b, fruits. Wellington, New South Wales (A. Murphy).
  • 10. Fruits. Warrumbungle Ranges, New South Wales (W. Forsyth).
  • 11a. Buds; 11b, large fruits; 11c, seedling raised from the seeds of 11b. Near top of Mount Bulaway, Warrumbungle Ranges, New South Wales (W. Forsyth). For notes on these specimens see p. 228.
  • 12a. 12b. Two pairs of juvenile leaves; 12c, buds (capitellata-like); 12d, fruits. Tingha, New South Wales (J. L. Boorman).
  • 13a. Buds, angular, capitellata-like; 13b, fruits. Emmaville, New South Wales (J. L. Boorman).
  • 14a. Buds; 14b, fruits of var. (?) brachycorys, Benth. (Type). New England, New South Wales (C. Stuart).
  • 15. Fruits, with remarkably angular rim. Capertee, New South Wales (J.H.M. and J. L. Boorman).
  • 16. Fruits. Borenore, New South Wales (H. Deane).
  • 17. Fruits. Cootamundra to Grenfell, New South Wales (A. Osborne). Nos. 16–17 closely resemble those of var. brachycorys.
  • 18a. Buds; 18b, fruits, very broad-rimmed, and scarcely angular. Stanthorpe, Queensland (F. M. Bailey).
  • 19a. Buds; 19b and 16c, fruits of a grandiflora form. Rylstone, New South Wales (R. T. Baker). Compare this with 15.
  • 20a. Buds; 20b, fruit of E. scyphoidea, Naudin—the type. See p. 226.
  • 21a, 21b (at foot of plate). Two pairs of juvenile leaves. Warialda (J. L. Boorman). This is the form of E. macrorrhyncha described at p. 230. It will be observed that these leaves are as narrow as those of E. eugenioides ever are. If they were alone, surely they would be referred to E. eugenioides. This form must be studied in conjunction with figs. 10–13 of Plate 38.

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Plate 40.

Plate 40: EUCALYPTUS EUGENIOIDES, Sieb. (with the exception of 1, which is E. marginata, Sm. lithograph by Margaret Flockton.

E. eugenioides, Sieb. (except No. 1).

  • 1a. Cotyledon leaf; 1b, juvenile leaf of E. marginata. Woodlupin Creek, Western Australia (A. G. Hamilton).
  • 2a. Juvenile leaves, just past the strictly opposite stage; 2b, mature leaf; 2c, anthers, of Sieber's No. 479, type of E. eugenioides.
  • 3a. Ripe buds and opening flowers; 3b, fruits, with slightly exserted valves, from Homebush, Sydney (J.H.M. and R. H. Cambage). The juvenile and mature leaves and flowers are strictly identical with Sieber's No. 479.
  • 4a. Juvenile leaves (note the stellate hairs) in the strictly opposite stage; 4b, juvenile leaves a stage further; 4c, buds; 4d and 4e, fruits taken from the same twig. Blackheath, New South Wales (J.H.M. and R. H. Cambage). The foliage, juvenile and mature, of this tree cannot be distinguished from Sieber's No. 479.
  • 5a. Mature leaf; 5b, buds; 5c, fruits of Sieber's No. 469, type of his E. acervula.
  • 6. Mature leaves and buds of Sieber's No. 583, type of E. oblonga, DC. There is a loose fruit attached to this specimen, but I refrain from figuring it because it is detached.
  • 7. Fruits of “White Stringybark,” Mudgee district (C. Marriott). Herbarium specimens of this Stringybark are identical with Sieber's No. 583. The fruits I have figured (7) are identical with the detached fruit referred to (6).
  • 8a. Mature leaf (rather broad); 8b, buds; 8c, fruits (rather large). Hurstville, near Sydney (J. H. Camfield).
  • 9a. Buds; 9b, fruits. Hilltop, New South Wales (J.H.M.). Note the long opercula.
  • 10a. Juvenile leaves; 10b, buds; 10c, fruits. Eden, south-east New South Wales (near Victorian border) (A. W. Howitt). Note the breadth of these juvenile leaves as compared with 4a, which are near the type. There is, indeed, much variation in the juvenile foliage of E. eugenioides.

[Comparing 10a with 4a (Plate 37), we see how different the juvenile foliage is from that of typical E. capitellata. But if we also compare 10a with the juvenile foliage of that form of E. capitellata depicted at 2a (Plate 38), we see how careful we must be not to determine E. eugenioides or E. capitellata on juvenile foliage alone. Reference to 2b and 2c (Plate 38) shows that the closer affinity of the plant in question (2a of pl. 38) is with E. capitellata rather than with E. eugenioides.]

  • 11a, Remarkably slender buds; 11b, remarkably small fruits. Walhalla, Gippsland, Victoria (A. W. Howitt).
  • 12a, Very slender buds; 12b, fruits, of the “Yangoura,” of the Victorian aborigines (A. W. Howitt). See p. 234.
  • 13a, Long, large buds; 13b, large pedicellate fruits. Agnes Bridge, Victoria (A. W. Howitt).
  • 14a, Juvenile leaf [note its great breadth]; 14b, buds; 14c, small fruits. Wingello, New South Wales (J. L. Boorman).
  • 15a, Juvenile leaf; 15b, buds; 15c, fruits, showing faint ribbing. Wyee, New South Wales (A. Murphy).
  • 16a, Buds; 16b, fruits, slightly domed, and with exserted valves. Foot of Mt. Lindsay, New South Wales (W. Forsyth).
  • 17a, Rather narrow leaf; 17b, fruits with exserted valves. Near 11-mile post, Inverell to Tingha (R. H. Cambage). See p. 236.
  • 18a, Juvenile leaves, past the opposite stage [note their great width]; 18b, buds; 18c and 18d, fruits, varying in size, exsertion of valves, and width of rim. All from Walcha district (J.H.M. and J. F. Campbell).
  • 19, Fruits, with well exserted valves. Drake, New South Wales (E. C. Andrews).
  • 20, Fruits, with sunk valves. Drake, New South Wales (A. Hagman).
  • 21a, Buds, inclining to be angular; 21b, shallow fruits. Lawrence, Clarence River, New South Wales (J. V. de Coque).
  • 22a, Buds: 22b, fruits, with valves well exserted. Murrurundi (J.H.M. and J. L. Boorman).