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It is only known from Queensland. The type comes from the Gilbert River, which flows into the Gulf of Carpentaria, near its south-eastern corner. Its known localities near are from Cape York, along the eastern side of the Gulf of Carpentaria, and southerly to the Burdekin River, apparently at no very great distance from the sea. Its identity has only recently been established, and therefore the attention of collectors is invited to it.

[“E. redunca is bounding east and west an extensive longitudinal belt of E. leptophleba, as shown in an excellent map, issued recently with an important document by the W.A. Forest Board.” (“Eucalyptographia,” under E. redunca.) This is probably the “Map of part of the Colony of Western Australia showing timber forests of ….” (six principal timbers), published in 1880. It is probably a misprint for loxophleba (foecunda), the York Gum—E. leptophleba not occurring in Western Australia. The correction is published as the mistake is somewhat serious, because E. leptophleba is so little known, even yet.]

Following are some specimens I have authenticated, or which are in the National Herbarium, Sydney:—

Sources of the South Coen River, York Peninsula, in fruit (Stephen Johnson). (Labelled drepanophylla by F.v.M.) Figured as E. leptophleba at fig. 3, Plate 48, Part X.

“Endeavour River, N. Holland, Lieutenant King” (afterwards Admiral P. P. King), ex herb. Lambert in herb. Cant. Ripe fruits figured as E. leptophleba, fig. 5, Plate 48.

Palmer River, in fruit only (? Th. Gulliver). (Referred to as E. drepanophylla in “Eucalyptographia,” under E. crebra.

Daintree River (Fitzalan), in flower only. Labelled E. drepanophylla by Mueller.

“S.E. Carpentaria, Box-tree,” in fruit only. (E. Palmer, 1882). Labelled E. drepanophylla by Mueller.

Trinity Bay (Cairns). Referred to E. leptophleba by Mueller himself.

In bud, Rockingham Bay (Dallachy). Labelled E. leptophleba by Mueller.

“Grey Box.” Chillagoe, west of Cairns (E. Doran, No. 10).

Eucalyptus leptophleba was noticed soon after the forest country was entered, and it extends westerly to Alma-den and towards Forsayth, but from about this latter locality it seems to give place to a smaller and paler-coloured form of Box Tree (No. 4162), which was found intermittently as far west as the Flinders and Cloncurry Rivers. E. leptophleba is a Box tree with a rather thick bark and long leaves, the rough bark extending to the branchlets. The timber is reddish-brown, with a fairly thick sapwood. It seems to favour the low, rather than the hilly land. (R. H. Cambage, in Journ. Roy. Soc. N.S.W. xlix, 397, 1915.)

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“Box-trees, more on the lowlands than on the hills. Box-bark to branchlets. Wood reddish-brown towards centre. Rather thick rim of sapwood on small tree. Trees up to 60 feet. On granite at 1,600 feet. Alma-den (R. H. Cambage, No. 3903, with photo.).

“Bastard Gum-leaf Box.” Timber red. Stannary Hills, south-west of Cairns (Dr. T. L. Bancroft). Dr. Bancroft supplied me with a fine series of specimens, leaving nothing to be desired in completeness.

Ravenswood, Burdekin River, in fruit (S. Johnson, No. 15, 1883). Labelled E. drepanophylla by Luehmann.

“Dispersed through the scrubby country westward from Gogango.” (P. O'Shanesy, of Rockhampton.) As this is much the most southerly locality recorded, it would be desirable to confirm it, although O'Shanesy doubtless got the determination from Mueller. I have suggested (Journ. Roy. Soc. N.S.W., xlvii, 81, 1913) that perhaps O'Shanesy's tree may be E. Cambageana Maiden.