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CCLII. E. eremophila Maiden.

In Journ. Roy. Soc. N.S.W., liv. 71 (1920).

FOLLOWING is the original description:—

Frutex vel arbor mediocris, cortice læve, squamosa, ramulis glaucescentibus; foliis junioribus angusto-lanceolatis vel lanceolatis; foliis maturis lineari-lanceolatis ad lanceolatis, coriaceis, nitentibus venis secondariis tenuibus sed remotiusculis, non pennivenis, pedunculis elongatis, applanatis, pedicellis fere teretibus ca. 5 mm. longis, calycis tubo oblongo vel cylindroideo, turbinato, ca. 5 mm. longo; operculo cornuto calycis tubo ca. quinquies æquilongo, diametro distincte minore; filamentis antherisque cornutis similibus; fructibus cylindroideis vel sphæricis, calycis tubo crasso, capsulæ apice applanato fere margini aequante, fructu truncato.

A shrub or medium-sized tree, with smooth, scaly bark. Branchlets glaucescent.

Juvenile leaves (suckers) not available, in the earliest stage, but probably narrow. Those of the seedlings are narrow-lanceolate to lanceolate.

Mature leaves linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, coriaceous, shiny, not glaucescent, the secondary veins fine but rather distant, and, at all events in the intermediate stage, spreading and roughly parallel, not feather-veined.

Peduncles elongate, flattened; pedicels nearly terete, distinct, about 5 mm. long.

Calyx-tube oblong or cylindroid turbinate, about 5 mm. long.

Operculum sometimes coloured (reddish), straight or horn-shaped, up to 5 times as long as the calyx-tube, and much less in diameter. Filaments yellowish, sometimes crimson, angular, glandular, and with anthers as in the Cornutæ.

Fruits cylindroid to spherical; top of the capsule nearly flush with the rim, giving the fruit, when not fully ripe, a characteristically truncate, flattish appearance. When the fruit is ripe its mouth becomes rounded and somewhat contracted.

Synonyms.

E. occidentalis Endlicher, var. eremophila Diels, in Engler's Jahrb., xxxv, 442, 1905. See also Part XXXVI, p. 147, of the present work. Figured at Plate 149, figures 7–11.

The relations of E. occidentalis Endl. var. grandiflora Maiden (Part XXXVI, p. 149, and figures 1 and 2, Plate 150) to E. eremophila remain a matter for further consideration.




  ― 129 ―

Range.

It is confined to Western Australia, so far as we know at present, but it is quite possible that it may occur in western South Australia.

This is a dry country form, and its range may be stated as bounded by Watheroo, on the Midland Railway, to 140 miles east of Kalgoorlie, and north of Esperance and back again to the vicinity of the Great Southern Railway. It probably has a very extensive range in country of low rainfall.

“Shrub 4 metres high, flowers yellow, calyptra (opercula) reddish.” Near Coolgardie (Dr. L. Diels, No. 5,237). Coolgardie, or rather, Boorabbin (E. Pritzel, No. 917). I have also received it from Coolgardie (L. C. Webster).

The type comes from Coolgardie. Other localities are quoted, op. cit. p. 148.

Affinities.

It is a member of the Cornutæ.

1. With E. occidentalis Endl.

It is sharply separated from this species in its narrow juvenile foliage, that of E. occidentalis being broad. Those of the former are shiny, with more numerous oil-dots. Buds usually longer, hence with longer filaments; staminal disc broader. The fruit of E. occidentalis is campanulate, while that of E. eremophila is cylindroid or inclining to hemispherical.

2. With E. platypus Hook.

Here I invite attention to the similarities and dissimilarities I have brought forward at pages 151 and 152 of Part XXXVI of the present work.

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