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CCLVI. E. Camfieldi Maiden.

In Journ. Roy. Soc. N.S.W., LIV, 66 (1920).

FOLLOWING is the original description:—

Frutex vel arbor pumila fere Mallee similis, statu immaturo pilis stellatis vestitis, cortice fibrosa; foliis junioribus scabrissimis, pilis stellatis dense vestitis, parvis, cordatis vel orbicularibus, saepe emarginatis; foliis maturis coriaceissimis, nitentibus, oblongis vel late lanceolatis, obliquis, apice obtuso; alabastris ca. 9 capitulo, sessilibus pedunculo breve, angulatissimis sed post anthesin ovoideis; antheris reniformibus; fructibus hemisphaericis ad 1 cm. diametro in capitulis, compressis, capsula 4-loculare, apicibus distincte exsertis.

A low branching shrub or stunted tree, almost Mallee-like and under 12 feet in height, and with stems about two inches in diameter. Covered with stellate hairs when young. Bark scaly-fibrous or fibrous, flattish, tough—a Stringybark.

Juvenile leaves very scabrous, abundantly provided with stellate hairs in the earliest stage, cordate to orbicular, often emarginate, never lanceolate in the young state. Often 2 cm. by 2 cm. with intermediate sizes up to 4 cm. by 4 cm. (They remind one irresistibly of Angophora cordifolia, and when small as well as young, of Correa speciosa.)

Mature leaves remarkably coriaceous and oblong to broadly lanceolate, with a blunt point, oblique, lustrous or shiny, as if varnished. Up to 1 dm. long, and, say, 3·5 cm. broad. Oblique and coarse in the intermediate stage with a mucro.

Buds about nine in the head, small, very angular through compression, becoming ovoid or scarcely angular on anthesis, sessile on a short peduncle or none. Anthers renantherous, but not typically so.

Fruits hemispherical, up to 1 cm. in diameter, in heads, compressed, sometimes so much so that they are almost syncarpous, with a shiny dark-red rim, capsule four-celled with the tips distinctly exsert.

The type is from Middle Harbour, Port Jackson, 25th May, 1897. Julius Henry Camfield, for many years Overseer of the Garden Palace Grounds, Botanic Gardens, Sydney, who died 26th November, 1916, was not only an excellent gardener, but a competent botanist, and I have much pleasure in dedicating this interesting species to his memory.


On exposed situations on sandstone tops, only known at present between Broken Bay and George's River, a few miles north and south of Port Jackson, New South Wales. There is little doubt that careful search will greatly extend the range. Following are specific localities:—

About half a mile south of the 17-mile post on the Galston road from Hornsby (W. F. Blakely). The west side of Berowra Creek, Hornsby, or about one and a half miles from the 17-mile post above.

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Eight to 9 feet high, in low Honeysuckle (Banksia) Scrub, Willoughby (A. G. Hamilton). Near the Suspension Bridge, Willoughby (J. L. Boorman). “Looks like E. capitellata. From very stunted trees (very likely saplings from old stumps), only a few feet high. Note the sucker leaves.” On the high ground of Middle Harbour (J. H. Camfield, 25th May, 1897). Northbridge, opposite the Spit (D. W. C. Shiress). Mosman (W. M. Carne).

The following are south of Port Jackson:—

Woronora River at Heathcote (J.H.M. and J. L. Boorman). A dwarf form, 8 feet high, Waterfall (R. H. Cambage, No. 4,169).


With E. capitellata Sm., with which it has long been confused.

E. capitellata is a tree, sometimes a large tree, and the organs are all larger, while there is an absence, or almost absence, of stellate hairs in the young shoots. E. Camfieldi is a Mallee-like plant, forming a dense undergrowth, from three to about twelve feet high. E. capitellata appears to be absent from the Hornsby district, where the new species is not rare. The juvenile leaves (suckers) of E. Camfieldi are smaller, more orbicular to cordate, scabrous with a persistent stellate tomentum, apparently always present around the base of the adult plants, forming thickets, similar to the low stunted forms of Angophora cordifolia. They are never lanceolate like those of E. capitellata. The new species has buds smaller than those of E. capitellata, and less attenuate, usually ovoid; in some specimens they are almost round and devoid of angles. The common peduncle is shorter than in E. capitellata and quadrangular to nearly terete. The peduncle of E. capitellata is very often more compressed in the early bud. The fruits are smaller than those of E. capitellata, but otherwise very similar.

The juvenile foliage shown in figures 4a and 4b, Plate 37, Part VIII, of this work (under E. capitellata), and also figure B, Plate 106, Part XXVIII, of my “Forest Flora of New South Wales,” belong to E. Camfieldi.

It is the form (b), for the most part, of p. 493 of Journ. Roy. Soc. N.S.W., LII, 1918.

Mr. Blakely has pointed out to me that E. ligustrina DC. (see this work, Part XL), apparently bears the same relation to E. eugenioides Sieb. that E. Camfieldi does to E. capitellata.