previous
next



  ― 175 ―

CCLXII. E. angophoroides R. T. Baker.

In Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., xxv, 676 (1900), with Plate xlvi, figs. 4a, 4b, 4c.

FOLLOWING is the original description:—

A medium sized tree with a white box bark persistent to the ultimate branches.

Sucker leaves ovate-acuminate, cordate, shortly petiolate, glaucous, variable in size from 1 to 3 or 4 inches long, and 1 to 3 inches broad; venation indistinct on both sides. Leaves of mature trees narrow lanceolate, about 6 inches long, acuminate, not shining, of the same colour on both sides; venation finely marked, oblique, spreading; intramarginal vein removed from the edge. Oil glands numerous.

Peduncles axillary, 3 to 4 lines long, slightly compressed, bearing a few flowers. Calyx hemispherical to pyriform, 1 line long. Pedicel about 1 line long. Operculum hemispherical, shortly acuminate Ovary domed. Stamens all fertile; anthers parallel, opening by longitudinal slits.

Fruits hemispherical to slightly pear-shaped, 2 lines in diameter and under 4 lines long; rim thick, sloping outwards—a ring just below the edge; valves generally 4, exserted under 1 line.

The author calls it “Apple-top Box,” and adds “E. Bridgesiana Baker, partim.”

For a reference to E. Bridgesiana Baker, see p. 68, Part XXIV.

Range.

It is confined to the southern coastal district of New South Wales, and may be expected to be found in eastern Gippsland, Victoria.

“Colombo, N.S.W. (W. Baeuerlen); Towrang, N.S.W. (R. T. Baker). It is quite limited in its distribution, and presents no difficulty of determination in the field.” (Original description.)

Colombo is on the Bemboka River amongst the hills. It is no great distance west of Bega, and therefore in county of Auckland, in the extreme south-east of this State. The Wyndham locality, to be quoted later, is south-west of Colombo, and in the same county. Nangutta is somewhat further south. Yourie to be referred to later is in the county of Dampier, also a coastal county, and a little north of the county of Auckland.

Towrang is a railway station 126 miles from Sydney, 8 miles north of Goulburn, and this locality is important since it yielded the oil attributed to this species which Messrs. Baker and Smith (“Research on the Eucalypts,” p. 144) examined.




  ― 176 ―

The following note bears on the apparently dubious Towrang locality:—

“Some years ago I received from Mr. Baker specimens (in bud) from Towrang, which he attributed to this species, and which I attributed to E. Stuartiana F.v.M. var. parviflora, and still hold that view.” (Figured at figs. 3 and 4, Plate 102, Part XXIV, J.H.M.).

“Recently, having received certain specimens from Mr. R. H. Cambage, which had been collected by Mr. E. C. Andrews at Wyndham, on the Pambula-Bombala road, I went into the matter again, and find that they are identical with Mr. Baker's Colombo specimens, and I agree with him as to the validity of his species so far as the Colombo specimens are concerned. Further search at Towrang reveals no E. angophoroides, but confirms the previous determination of E. Stuartiana.

“The error is to be regretted, and I would point out the inconvenience of giving more than one locality for a type.

“The combination of the two species is perpetuated in my notes of E. Stuartiana F.v.M. at page 68, Part XXIV of my `Critical Revision of the genus Eucalyptus,' now in the press, but the type was distributed before I could point out the confusion.” (Maiden in Journ. Roy. Soc. N.S.W., xlix, 322, 1915.)

Mr. E. C. Andrews, now Government Geologist of New South Wales, favoured me with the following note on the abovementioned Wyndham locality, as follows:—

“Mr. Cambage has said you would like to know the area from which I collected the Eucalyptus when visiting the Whipstick mines. Enclosed please find sketch of locality at 16 miles to inch (not reproduced). The plants grow thickly alongside main road between Wyndham and Whipstick, the two being 4 miles apart. E. Sieberiana flourishes on the siliceous granites and the Devonian sediments at Whipstick, one tree being 100 feet to the first limb and about 6 to 8 feet in diameter. The Eucalyptus (angophoroides) with the peculiar seedlings, leaves, and sapling foliage grows especially on the Devonian sediments and basic granite. Its mates are E. goniocalyx; E. Bosistoana, &c. E. coriacea is there also at Candelo and a few miles west of Wyndham.” (Letter of 22nd July, 1915.)

Mr. W. Baeuerlen also collected it at Nangutta, near Eden.

I have also received this plant under the name of “Cabbage Box,” from Mr. William Dunn, from Yourie, about 30 miles westerly from Bermagui, on the Tuross waters. The locality is useful, as we do not at present know the range of this species. This is in the county of Dampier.

“Mr. Baker's tree appears to be only found in and around Yourie as far as I can learn. I called on Mr. Gough, an old resident of that locality, and he states he does not know of any other locality that the tree may be found. The specimen of the bud, &c., were obtained from two separate trees, one of which is fully 8–9 feet in circumference and with a clean barrel of 38–48 feet.” (Forest Guard William Dunn of Bermagui). Mr. Dunn is mistaken about his locality being unique, but the statement is evidence that the tree is not well known yet, and probably not very abundant. What its focus or optimum locality is, we do not yet know.




  ― 177 ―

Affinities.

1. With E. Stuartiana F.v.M. (E. Bridgesiana R. T. Baker).

“The herbarium material of this species is so similar to that of E. Bridgesiana that on my first examination it was included under that species.

“My field observations since that date, and the acquisition of further material such as timber and oil, have convinced me that the two trees are quite different, and should not be included under the same name. Mr. W. Baeuerlen, indeed, who has known the trees for very many years, has always held that the two were different in specific characters.

E. Bridgesiana is known vernacularly as `Apple' and `Woolly-butt,' but this tree as `Apple-top Box.' As stated above, the foliage, fruits, and flowers certainly resemble those of the former species, but there the similarity ends. The bark is a true box-bark, but the timber is quite unlike that of a box. …

“The bark has not an essential oil as pertains to E. nova-anglica and E. Bridgesiana.

“Although it has a regular light-coloured grey box bark, yet the appearance of the tree is more like that of an `Apple-tree' (Angophora), hence the local name of `Apple-top Box.'

“(It has) `A pale-coloured, soft, specifically light timber, open in the grain, and perhaps to be regarded as porous. It has not the broad sapwood of E. Bridgesiana Baker. It seasons well, and is suited for cabinet work, as it closely resembles in colour, weight, and texture the timber of Angophora intermedia DC. It is much superior to that of E. Bridgesiana.” (Original description.)

For E. Stuartiana see Part XXIV, plates 101 and 102, when it will be seen that the resemblance between the two species is considerable. The closest resemblance is to var. grossa, which has the coarsest juvenile foliage in the species. Morphologically it is not easy to separate the two species, but they differ, as Mr. Baker has pointed out, in timber and oil; also in their canopies, to mention no other differences.

2. With E. elœophora F.v.M. (E. Cambagei Deane and Maiden).

“It differs from E. Cambagei Deane and Maiden, in the superiority of its timber and the inferiority of its oil, and the shape of its fruits; and from E. nova-anglica Deane and Maiden in the bark, colour of timber, and oil.” (Original description.)

For E. elœophora see Part XIX, Plates 82 and 83. In E. angophoroides the juvenile leaves are more uniformly rounded, and the large intermediate leaves are common and characteristic. In E. elœophora the operculum is, as a rule, only half the length of the calyx-tube, while the fruit is sessile, cylindroid, and, as a rule, angled or ribbed. At the same time the fruits of the two species are sometimes sufficiently similar as to necessitate caution.

Miscellaneous.

“It has little affinity with such Boxes as E. hemiphloia F.v.M., E. Woollsiana Baker, E. conica Deane and Maiden, E. pendula A. Cunn. (E. largiflorens F.v.M.), although it appears to be a connecting link with these and what are known as Bastard Boxes such as E. Cambagei Deane and Maiden, and E. bicolor A. Cunn.” (Original description.)

What E. Woollsiana R. T. Baker is, will be stated in Part XLVII after reproduction of all the Plates, and revision of the evidence. It is a synonym, in my view. E. bicolor A. Cunn. is a western New South Wales species with reddish brown timber, and very different from E. angophoroides. It has E. pendula A. Cunn. and E. largiflorens F.v.M. as synonyms, and has been more than once shown in the present work.

previous
next