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CXIV. E. pyriformis Turczaninow.

THE following new variety, originally published in Proc. Roy. Soc. N.S.W., lii, 508 (1918), is figured in the present work for the first time (see also p. 229, Part XVII).

E. pyriformis Turcz., var. Kingsmilli Maiden.

A shrub, or small tree attaining a height of about 20 feet, with rough bark on the trunk, the upper branches being smooth. The crimson flower-buds give the tree a most ornamental appearance.

Juvenile leaves (not seen in their earliest stage, i.e., not quite opposite, but earlier than I have ever seen them in any form of E. pyriformis) narrow-lanceolate, say 4–6 cm. long and 1 cm. in the widest part, with petioles of about 1 cm. Equally pale green on both sides, venation not conspicuous, the secondary veins at an angle of about 45° with the midrib.

Mature leaves apparently not different from those of the normal form of E. pyriformis.

Flowers in an umbel usually of three, with a rounded or flattened peduncle of about 4 cm., with pedicels of half that length. Anthers as in E. pyriformis. Buds with calyx-tubes nearly hemispherical and about 2 cm. in diameter. The operculum continued into an almost pungent point. Both calyx-tube and operculum covered with about eight thin prominent wings, about 4 mm. deep, giving the buds a remarkable appearance. The style about 1·5 cm. long, persistent, with the stigma of scarcely increased diameter.

Disc at first concave, with a sharp raised inner ring flush with the top of the calyx-tube, which continues to grow upward, and at the same time expanding outwards, completely absorbing the concave cavity (noted in the early stages of its growth), until it reaches a height of 3–4 mm. above the level of the truncate calyx rim.

Fruit nearly hemispherical, 2·5 cm. in diameter, with eight prominent wings; these and the remainder of the calyx-tube (calycine rim) raised about the staminal ring.

This bizarre and showy variety, which promises to be an interesting addition to gardens in semi-tropical districts of low rainfall, is named in honour of the Hon. William Kingsmill, M.L.C., who has for many years taken a most active interest in forestry matters in Western Australia, and who has frequently assisted my botanical work for that State.

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Confined to Western Australia as far as we know.

From the East Murchison to Lake Way. The type from close to a mining camp called Mount Keith, about 160 miles north of Leonora (W. Kingsmill, July, 1918).

I subsequently received the following specimen from the National Herbarium, Melbourne (Prof. Ewart). “Bush of 10 feet.” Upper Ashburton River (W. Cuthbertson, 1888). This is the variety Kingsmilli but with peduncles and pedicels shorter and fruits smaller than in the type.


With E. pachyphylla F.v.M. (see p. 17).