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  ― 205 ―

XLIV. E. odorata Behr and Schlecht.

As I have stated that the mixed material described and sent out as E. Woollsiana is chiefly E. odorata, I refer to Part XI of the present work, and give some supplementary notes on the latter species.

Habit.—A shrub or medium-sized tree; rarely a very large tree. Sometimes Mallee-like, but not a true Mallee.

Bark.—Dark grey, rough, persistent (Mueller).

I see no difference between odorata and Woollsiana bark, except that I have more specimens of saplings and branches of South Australian odorata. These are smooth and ribbony on the branches.

Timber.—Pale-coloured to brown, hard, interlocked.

E. odorata would, if found in New South Wales, certainly be called a Box-tree, as it looks like a stunted form of E. Woollsiana, though its wood appears slightly browner. It is plentiful on the hills near Adelaide, and is known as Peppermint.” (R. H. Cambage, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., xxvi, 321, 1901.)

I see no difference between this and Woollsiana timber, except that the latter is perhaps a little darker in colour. The different views of Mr. Cambage and myself as regards the comparative colour of the timber of E. odorata and E. Woollsiana may be explained because of the fewness of the specimens seen, but the probable explanation is that there is no real difference at all.

Juvenile Leaves.—The comparison with those of E. Woollsiana seems to have been sufficiently dealt with under E. Woollsiana, see p. 200. The same remarks apply also to the mature leaves, the “tip-cat” buds, and the fruits.

The almost linear juvenile leaf shown at fig. 10a, Plate 51, is exceptional, though there are connecting forms with the normal. In the opposite direction, the very broad leaf shown at 16a seems exceptional, but both specimens came from a source which allows no doubt as to their botanical origin.

Range.

For South Australian and Victorian localities, see Part XI, pp. 33 and 34. The New South Wales localities given at p. 35 should be held in suspense, and the following substituted. When E. odorata is better understood, many more New South Wales localities will be found.




  ― 206 ―

“Mallee,” pale timber, but not mature. Minore (J. L. Boorman, June, 1901).

“From an old stump of tree, 3 feet or more in diameter, base appeared of a `boxy' nature.” Cobar (J. L. Boorman, July, 1903). Figured at Plate 152, Part XLI, “Forest Flora.”

Second growth of tree 2–3 feet in diameter. Mount Boppy (J. L. Boorman, August, 1903).

The note on E. odorata by myself, in Journ. Roy. Soc. N.S.W., xlix, 329 (1915), probably refers to E. bicolor A. Cunn.

Range of E. odorata var., calcicultrix F.v.M.

To the South Australian localities given at Part XI, p. 35, may be added:—

“Water Mallee,” because the roots are used to drain water for human consumption in dry areas. Minnipa, Eyre's Peninsula (W. J. Spafford, No. 14). One foot in diameter. Timber and bark like odorata.

New South Wales.

The following specimen shows that it occurs in this State, and it should still further be looked for:—

“Tree of about 30 feet, growing in bed of creek in the same way as E. rostrata in these inland places.” Broken Hill (A. Morris, Nos. 84 and 102).

Affinities.

1. With E. Woollsiana R. T. Baker.

I have already, p. 201, stated that I do not think that E. odorata can be separated from E. Woollsiana, but perhaps the comments already given under Bark, &c., at p. 200 may be found useful.

E. odorata has broadish suckers and pale brown timber, with commonly dull foliage (at all events in New South Wales specimens), and a Cobar specimen (in the same general district as some specimens of E. Woollsiana) will be found figured in Plate 152, fig. E, Part XLI, of my “Forest Flora of New South Wales.” It shares with E. Woollsiana the name of “Mallee Box.”

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