Part 74

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Division Reniformae

Section 2.—Medium Cotyledons

2a. Corymbosæ-Peltatæ.  2d. Angophoroideæ. 
2b. Corymbosæ-Non-peltatæ.  2e. Sessile, ovate to lanceolate. 
2c. Eudesmeæ.  2f. Rigid semi-angular. 

Series 2a.—Corymbosæ-Peltatæ

(With peltate leaves.)

E. pyrophora.   E. Torelliana.  
E. trachyphloia.   E. Bloxsomei.  
E. corymbosa.   E. maculata.  
E. peltata.   E. citriodora.  

General Appearance.—Leaves small ovate to oblong, and sub-spathulate, peltate, usually smaller and narrower than in Corymbosæ (large Cotyledons), and on the whole not quite so setose, except in E. maculata. The colour varies from light-yellowish green to dark green. The stems usually show the reddish colouring so characteristic in the genus. The intermediate leaves vary from long and narrow to broadish.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. pyrophora, E. trachyphloia, E. corymbosa, E. peltata, E. Bloxsomei, E. maculata, E. citriodora, Medium.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. pyrophora, red to deep red (Bourke).

E. trachyphloia, red (Bundaberg); terete, red, showing warty glands just below the cotyledons (Gungal).

E. corymbosa, terete, brownish-red (8-mile Plains); short, thick, shaded red, covered with prominent glandular processes (Jervis Bay); red and covered with prominent glands (Hornsby); red (Gosford, 8-mile Plains, and Rockhampton); short, smooth, light brown (Byron Bay); red, thick, short, covered with warty glands, thickening to the root (Lawrence).

E. peltata, red (Beta); tinted red, prominent warty glands (Alma-den).

E. Bloxsomei, terete, pinkish green (Hippong).

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E. maculata, terete, and showing fine glandular processes unusual on the hypocotyl, tinted pink (Gosford); red, with scattered warty glands, slightly thickening to the root (Wyong); reddish, thickening to the root, with scattered warty glands (Wyong).

E. citriodora, smooth, red (Rockhampton); terete, pink, the surface rough with small warty glands (Emu Park); shaded pink, and covered with prominent warty glands (Stannary Hills).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. pyrophora, short.

E. trachyphloia, short.

E. corymbosa, medium.

E. peltata, short.

E. Bloxsomei, short.

E. maculata, short to medium.

E. citriodora, short to medium.

(2e) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. pyrophora, purple red (Bourke); green or faint pink (No. 5).

E. trachyphloia, purple (Bundaberg); red, glands on the petioles (Gungal).

E. corymbosa, green (8 Mile Plains and Byron Bay); deep crimson peduncle, also with glandular processes (Jervis Bay); rich purple, petioles also have glands (Hornsby); pale green (Lawrence); crimson (Gosford, also 35 miles north of Rockhampton).

E. maculata, undulate, green or puce (Gosford); red, glands on petioles (Wyong).

E. peltata, purple (seed from Brisbane); glands on petiole, underside green (Alma-den).

E. Bloxsomei, green (Hippong).

E. citriodora, deep red (Rockhampton); red (Emu Park); deep rich crimson (Stannary Hills.)

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. pyrophora, tinted red, with prominent warty glands (Bourke); smooth, green (No. 5).

E. trachyphloia, yellow-green, covered with long, red, glandular hairs (Bundaberg); terete, glands rather prominent. The prominent glands leave the stem after the alternate stage of the leaf begins (Gungal).

E. corymbosa, terete, green, shaded pink, covered with prominent glands (8 Mile Plains); terete, red, with prominent glands, getting less as the plant advances (Jervis Bay); shaded red, covered with long, irregular, glandular processes (Hornsby); covered with long glandular hairs (Gosford); terete, purple red, covered with long

  ― 183 ―
glandular processes (Byron Bay); epicotyl covered with long glandular processes (Lawrence); after the first leaves covered with long irregular, glandular hairs (not stellate) (8 Mile Plains); after the cotyledons covered with long, irregular, glandular hairs (35 miles north of Rockhampton).

E. peltata, tubular, densely covered with pink, flaccid, glandular hairs (Beta); tinted purple, hairy above the cotyledons (seed received from Brisbane); terete, green, covered with long, pink, glandular processes (Alma-den).

E. Bloxsomei, terete and covered with very pale pink hair-like glands (Hippong).

E. maculata, with glands, but not so pronounced as in E. citriodora, branching early (Wyong, No. 1); shaded red, the glandular processes becoming longer and thicker towards the top of the plant (No. 2); terete, about 5 inches up covered with prominent glandular processes, after that smooth and shaded puce (Gosford).

E. citriodora, branching at the first or second node, covered with protuberant glands, which become long, glandular processes on the young growth of the seedlings (Rockhampton); terete, pale green, touched with pink and covered with long glandular processes (Stannary Hills).

(4) First Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. pyrophora, petiolate, ovate, glabrous, smaller and narrower than the cotyledons; rachis glandular.

E. trachyphloia, ovate to oblong, slightly hairy; rachis slightly hairy.

E. corymbosa, petiole long, ovate, slightly hairy, larger than the cotyledons, almost peltate; rachis hairy.

E. peltata, petiolate, ovate, hairy all over, much smaller than the cotyledons; rachis hairy.

E. Bloxsomei, petiole long, ovate-lanceolate, not half the size of the cotyledon; slightly hairy.

E. maculata, petiole long, ovate, glandular-hispid, usually much larger than the cotyledons; rachis glandular-hispid.

E. citriodora, petiolate, ovate, hairy to hispid all over, much smaller than the cotyledons; rachis hairy to hispid all over.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. pyrophora, eight or more, petiole short, ovate to oblong, slightly hairy, light green, stem hispid.

E. trachyphloia, five or more, ovate, shortly petiolate, slightly hairy, light green, stem hairy, purple-brown.

E. corymbosa, third pair opposite, ovate peltate, petiole rather long, light green hispid, stem green, hispid.

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E. peltata, six or more, ovate-lanceolate, hairy, light green, petiole rather long, stem green, hairy.

E. Bloxsomei, none, all alternate.

E. maculata, all alternate, rather long.

E. citriodora, three or more, rather long.

Number of Peltate Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. pyrophora, six, ovate to oblong lanceolate, ranging from 1·5 cm. long, 1 cm. broad, to 4 cm. long, 1 cm. broad, light green, slightly hairy, stem pale purple-brown, setose.

E. trachyphloia, twelve or more, ovate lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, to long lanceolate, hairy, ranging from 3 cm. long, 2 cm. broad to 12 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad, light-green—shaded pale purple-brown, more or less hairy, stem a rich purple-brown.

E. corymbosa, six or more, ovate to lanceolate, shortly petiolate, slightly stellate, ranging from 2·5 cm. long, 1 cm. broad. In the latter stage the margins are distinctly undulate and quite smooth.

E. peltata, numerous, ovate to almost cordate, undulate, very hispid, dark and slightly glossy above, pale and dull beneath, veins somewhat distinct, 6–10 cm. long, 3 to 6 cm. broad, petiole rather long, hispid.

E. Bloxsomei, one, lanceolate, slightly undulate, minutely setose, petiole rather long, 5 cm. long, 2 cm. broad, olive green, stem pale purple-brown, setose.

E. maculata, eight or more, ovate to elliptical-lanceolate, slightly undulate, setose, petiole rather long, ranging from 3 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad, to 6 cm. long, 3 cm. broad, light green, stem green shaded pale purple-brown, setose.

E. citriodora, twelve or more, narrow to broadish lanceolate, undulate, the lamina upturned from the midrib, slightly setose, petioles medium, ranging from 4 cm. long 1 cm. broad, to 9 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad, light green, stem light green.

E. Torelliana. No seedlings of this species are available, and the following description of the peltate leaves is taken from a young shoot eighteen inches long :— Twenty-two or more, ovate to broadly lanceolate, very hispid, more or less undulate, veins distant, the midrib conspicuous underneath, a dull purple-brown, intramarginal vein distant from the edge, 12 to 15 cm. long, 7 to 8·5 cm. broad, glossy above, dull beneath, petiole medium, slender, infested with long reddish setose hairs. Stem purple-brown, densely covered with hair-like seta (Atherton).

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. pyrophora, lanceolate, slightly tapering into the short petiole 6 cm. long, 1 cm. broad, light-green, tinged with yellowish green, stem purple-brown, smooth.

E. trachyphloia, not seen.

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E. corymbosa (from a plant 4 feet high, planted out in the Gardens), oblong to oblong-lanceolate, slightly undulate, with a short mucro on the oblong leaves, midrib and petiole purple-brown, 18 to 24 cm. long, 5·5 to 6 cm. broad, dark green and shining above, pale green and dull beneath, veins more or less obscure, the intramarginal nerve close to the edge.

E. maculata, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, slightly undulate, 8 cm. long, 3·5 cm. broad, venation moderately distinct and distant, slightly raised, giving the leaf a rough appearance, light green, petiole short.

E. citriodora, not seen.

E. peltata, not seen.

E. Bloxsomei, lanceolate, rounded at base, slightly undulate, 10 cm. long, 3 cm. broad, veins distinct, distant, raised, the surface rough, light green, shaded yellowish-green, midrib partly purple-brown, slightly setose. Stem greenish, covered with purple-brown seta.

E. Torelliana. Intermediate leaves from a young shoot, as no seedlings were available. Ovate to ovate lanceolate, rounded at the base, thin, undulate, hispid, but not so rough as in the peltate leaves, veins prominent beneath, obscure above, rather distant, but more numerous than in the peltate form, shining above, dull and pale beneath, 7 to 10 cm. long, 4 to 6 cm. broad, petiole medium, covered with purple seta. Stem a dull purple-brown, clothed with fine purple seta (Atherton).

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. pyrophora.

1st leaves ovate, red back and edges, prominent warty glands. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, with marked pale-coloured central nerve and fine parallel venation (Bourke).

1st leaves linear or narrow-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves linear (No. 5).

E. trachyphloia.

1st leaves linear or linear-lanceolate, peltate, the recurved edge having scattered bristles, also along the midrib. 1st alternate leaves the same, larger, 8·5 cm. long (Bundaberg).

1st leaves ovate, crinkled, slightly peltate, undersurface pale green. Leaves lanceolate, undersurface paler, peltate (Gungal).

E. corymbosa.

1st leaves small ovate, with prominent glands on edges and midrib. Leaves lanceolate, light opaque green, a little paler on the undersurface, not peltate. The glands decrease in length and thickness with the age of the plant. Venation indistinct, intramarginal vein near the edge. (8 Mile Plains.)

1st leaves ovate, with glands on both sides. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, sinuous, peltate, some glands (Jervis Bay).

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1st leaves ovate, the edges and midrib with glandular processes, coloured red (Hornsby).

1st leaves ovate, dotted with prominent glands. 1st alternate leaves ovate, peltate, with long glandular hairs (Gosford).

1st leaves ovate, pedunculate, glands on the edges and midrib. Leaves more advanced, large oblong, with glandular processes on the petioles, edges and principal veins, peltate (Byron Bay).

1st leaves ovate, the edges, midrib and principal veins having scattered glandular hairs. Back of leaf pale green. 1st alternate leaves, plant 11 inches high, showing slight indications of becoming alternate (8 Mile Plains).

1st leaves ovate, dotted with prominent glands. 1st alternate leaves the same, larger (35 miles north of Rockhampton).

E. peltata.

1st leaves ovate, covered with pale, soft hairs. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, slightly petiolate, with pink, long soft hairs on both sides of the midrib and along the edges. The hairs at first covering the leaves have fallen off in the alternate stage. This plant branched at the base, but afterwards ran up on stem 2 feet 6 inches high without sign of further branching (Beta).

1st leaves ovate-acute. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, fringed and covered with long, soft hairs (seed received from Brisbane).

1st leaves ovate, on both sides dotted all over with white glands. 1st alternate leaves slightly peltate, undersurface pale green, with white glandular processes on both sides (Alma-den).

E. Bloxsomei.

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, with soft whitish hair-like glands. At this stage it closely resembles E. Watsoniana, but is smaller and has glands more hair-like, softer and whiter in colour (Hippong).

E. maculata.

1st leaves ovate or orbicular, with scattered glands. Petiole long. The lower leaves ovate, petiolate, covered with the remains of glandular processes, leaving them dull in colour and harsh of touch, peltate. After about the twelfth leaf the surface becomes smooth and shining, the venation changes, and they are no longer peltate. Leaves alternate from the first (Gosford).

1st leaves small, ovate, slight purple shade on back. 1st alternate leaves large (5·5 cm.), ovate, with glands all over the leaf-venation and edges, along petioles, the young leaves becoming peltate (Wyong).

1st leaves ovate, slight purple tint at back and warty glands dotted about on both sides of leaf. 1st alternative leaves ovate, purple stain on back, scattered glands on both sides, long petioles, thickly studded with long glandular protuberances (Wyong).

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E. citridoora.

1st leaves opposite, pedunculate, peltate, dotted over with glands, also on the edges. Glands not stellate. 1st alternate leaves the same, larger (Rockhampton).

1st leaves ovate, the second pair peltate, and covered with white, transparent, glandular processes. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, petiolate, peltate, covered with hairs (Emu Park).

1st leaves ovate, peltate, with glandular hairs on the edges and midribs. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, peltate, with long hairs (Stannary Hills).

Series 2b.—Corymbosae-Non-Peltatae

(Without peltate leaves.)

E. terminalis.   E. setosa.  
E. dichromophloia.   E. latifolia.  
E. Watsoniana.   E. Cliftoniana.  

(Arranged according to size of cotyledons.)

General Appearance.—Leaves on the small side, ranging from ovate, oblong, to elliptical in the early stages, then changing to lanceolate, and in E. terminalis to attenuate-lanceolate, undulate. The first two species glabrous, and the remainder more or less setose. E. setosa, E. latifolia and E. Cliftoniana are smaller and greener than the three preceding ones. The colours of this group vary from light green to olive green, slightly tinged with purple-brown. Stems slender in the first three species, more robust in the last three. In E. Watsoniana it is flexuose, and resembles E. Bloxsomei in that character.

(1) Hypocotyl.

Medium, except occasionally (e.g., E. terminalis) very short.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. terminalis, short, thick, covered with transparent glands. Pale whitish green with pink tint (Darwin); terete, smooth and green (Eidsvold).

E. dichromophloia, generally short, tinted pink, small warty glands (Mount House); terete, pale green (Eidsvold).

E. Watsoniana, terete, red and sturdy, covered with prominent red glands (Delubra); terete, sturdy, red (crimson) with prominent glands (Botanic Gardens, Sydney).

E. setosa, pale green and with warty glands (N.T.A., 45); terete, pale yellow green, warty (Woolngi); long, pale green, thickening to the root (N.T.A., 13).

E. latifolia, terete, sturdy, glands, but not prominent, pale green, with a slight blush of pink (Cullen Creek and Woolngi); short, pinkish in colour (Cullen Creek).

E. Cliftoniana, smooth, green, tinted with red (Mount Anderson)

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(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper, venation).

All taper more or less, except E. Cliftoniana and E. latifolia, in which it is very slight. All trinerved.

E. terminalis, medium.

E. dichromophloia, short to medium.

E. Watsoniana, short to medium, tapering into the petiole, triplinerved.

E. setosa, tapering into the petiole, triplinerved.

E. latifolia, short to medium.

E. Cliftoniana, short.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. terminalis, undulate, strongly veined, of bright yellow green, with the underside pale green. Petioles with glands (Darwin); green (Eidsvold).

E. dichromophloia, green (Mount House and Eidsvold).

E. Watsoniana, green (Delubra); undulate undersurface green, with slight pink tint (Botanic Gardens, Sydney); undersurface pale (Botanic Gardens, Sydney).

E. setosa, pale green on both sides (N.T.A., 45); warty glands on the petioles (Woolgni); delicate pale green on both sides (N.T.A., 13).

E. latifolia, green, glands on petioles (Cullen Creek).

E. Cliftoniana, petiole, with a few warty glands (Mount Anderson).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. terminalis, thin, wiry, glandular (Eidsvold).

E. dichromophloia, terete, shaded red, covered with prominent glandular processes (Mount House).

E. Watsoniana, terete, green, covered with pinkish, red glands (Delubra); epicotyl terete, glandular, pink. The entire seedling in the early stage is covered with prominent glandular processes, except the cotyledons (Botanic Gardens, Sydney); with warty processes, becoming smooth after the fourth alternate leaf (Botanic Gardens, Sydney); terete, red, with prominent glands (Botanic Gardens, Sydney).

E. setosa, green, shaded pink, covered with prickly hairs or glandular processes (N.T.A., 45); terete, pale green, with prominent glands. The epicotyl has transparent glandular processes. Covered with warty protuberances, increasing in the young growth at the top (N.T.A., 13).

E. latifolia, epicotyl long, slight, and covered with transparent, glandular protuberances (Cullen Creek-Woolngi); above the cotyledons covered with transparent glandular hairs (Cullen Creek).

E. Cliftoniana, green after the epicotyl, and covered with long white glandular hairs and processes.

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(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. terminalis, petiolate, ovate, glabrous, smaller and narrower than the cotyledons; rachis slightly glandular.

E. dichromophloia, petiolate, ovate, slightly hairy, longer but narrower than the cotyledons; rachis glandular or hairy.

E. Watsoniana, petiole long, lanceolate to ovate, in some specimens not half the size of the cotyledons, slightly hairy; rachis hairy.

E. setosa, shortly petiolate, lanceolate to ovate, about as long as the cotyledons, but narrower, hairy.

E. latifolia, sessile, broadly ovate, hairy, much smaller than the cotyledons; rachis hairy.

E. Cliftoniana, petiolate, ovate, hairy all over, smaller than the cotyledons; rachis glandular to hairy.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. terminalis, eleven or more, ovate, oblong, to oblong-lanceolate, light green, glabrous, petiole very short to short.

E. dichromophloia, numerous, still opposite at 12 inches, petioles very short to short, ovate to oblong-lanceolate, slightly hairy, light green, stem hispid.

E. Watsoniana, none.

E. setosa, at least six pairs, shortly petiolate to sessile, ovate to lanceolate, small hairy, light green, also the stem.

E. latifolia, six or more, ovate, shortly petiolate, slightly hairy, light green, stem hairy, green.

E. Cliftoniana, five or more, ovate to cordate, conspicuously hairy, petiole short, light green, stem hairy.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. terminalis, not seen.

E. dichromophloia, oblong lanceolate, shortly petiolate, firm, the margins somewhat thickened, venation faint, At 15 inches, 9 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad, light green.

E. Watsoniana, lanceolate, petiole rather long, slightly wavy, thin. venation faint, veins rather distant, 8 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad, light green, with a very light glaucous tinge. Stem light green, with a few scattered seta.

E. setosa, not seen.

E. latifolia, not seen.

E. Cliftoniana, not seen.

  ― 190 ―

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. dichromophloia.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface paler, prominent glands on edges and back of leaf. 1st alternate leaves, in the advanced stage, the glands have disappeared from the leaves and stem (Mount House).

E. Watsoniana.

1st leaves ovate oblong, both surfaces covered with glands, also on edges and midrib, edge red. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, becoming smoother. Purple tint on the back of the leaves when young, and showing through the surface of the very young ones. Glaucous. On another seedling the second pair of leaves are oblong in shape and slightly emarginate (Delubra).

1st leaves ovate-acute, red at the base and edge, with warty glands. 1st alternate leaves ovate, paler green on the back, a beautiful pinkish bloom on the upper leaves, venation very delicate, the intramarginal vein lost in the edge of the leaf (Botanic Gardens, Sydney).

1st leaves ovate, tinted pink on both sides, edges red, prominent glands all over (Botanic Gardens, Sydney).

E. setosa.

1st leaves ovate, with glandular processes on the edges and both sides (N.T.A., 45).

1st leaves, young growth in the first stage is covered with glandular processes (Woolngi).

1st leaves ovate-acute, undersurface paler, with warty glands on the edges, midrib and scattered on the leaves (N.T.A., 13).

E. latifolia.

1st leaves ovate, warty on the back (Cullen Creek).

E. Cliftoniana.

1st leaves ovate and ovate-cordate, covered on both sides with white glandular hairs. The epicotyl and very young leaves are covered with long white glandular processes.

Series 2c.—Eudesmeae

(a) Broad setose.  (b) Broad, scarcely setose. 
E. eudesmioides.   E. Baileyana.  
E. tetragona.   (c) Narrow setose. 
E. erythrocorys.   E. tetrodonta.  

Taking E. eudesmioides as a type of this section, the seedlings are setose except E. Baileyana. This section is very closely allied to the Corymbosæ in the shape, size, colour and vestiture of the leaves, but differs in the non-peltate character of the juvenile leaves.

  ― 191 ―

General Appearance.—Broad, elliptical to almost cordate lanceolate, glaucous shading to dark green, relieved by the reddish midrib and sometimes the red margin crenulate-stellate, the surface of the lamina undulate-crinkled. Petioles moderately long, pink. Stems usually reddish, setose. Of this series E. tetrodonta is distinctly narrow, but it has the setose character and is usually a pale yellowish green.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. eudesmioides, long, terete, glabrous.

E. tetragona, long, terete, glabrous.

E. erythrocorys, long, slender, terete, glabrous.

E. Baileyana, medium, slender, terete, slightly glandular.

E. tetrodonta, very long and slender, terete, glandular.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. eudesmioides, red, strong, tall (Minginew).

E. tetragona, long, shaded, red (A. 94).

E. erythrocorys, crimson (Dongarra).

E. Baileyana, does not taper to the root, is covered with glands (8 Mile Plains).

E. tetrodonta, pink, with a few hairs below the cotyledons (Darwin); terete, thickening a little to the base, green, with a faint tint of pink (Darwin, No. 2).

The only seedling (except E. dichromophloia) on which I have found hairs on the hypocotyl and on the petioles of the cotyledons (Darwin, 1004); angular, pink towards base, stellate glands (Darwin).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

All five species slightly tapering into the petiole.

(2a) Cotyledons (undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. eudesmioides, red (30); deep crimson, trinerved (Minginew).

E. tetragona, red (A. 94).

E. erythrocorys, purple tint (Dongarra).

E. Baileyana, deep crimson, smooth, but the petioles and stem below them have stellate glands (8 Mile Plains).

E. tetrodonta, stellate glands on the petioles (Darwin); green (Darwin, 1004, also G. F. Hill).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. eudesmioides, red (No. 30); brownish red, to pale-green tinted pink, having a few stellate hairs on the first part until at 6 inches high they are thickly matted (Minginew).

  ― 192 ―

E. tetragona, first stage, the short epicotyl and young leaves covered in clear, long, stellate processes. The stem more advanced is thickly matted in stellate hairs and the leaves become a glaucous green (A. 94).

E. erythrocorys, crimson, shading to pale green, matted with stellate hairs (Dongarra).

E. Baileyana, red, covered with stellate glands above the hypocotyl (8 Mile Plains).

E. tetrodonta, green, with glandular hairs (Darwin).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. eudesmioides, petiole long, opposite (or perhaps occasionally slightly alternate), linear spathulate, the margin prominently stellate, narrower than the cotyledons and about twice their length.

E. tetragona, opposite, ovate-lanceolate, nearly sessile, stellate (No. 492); petiole long (the longest of this series), opposite, ovate-lanceolate, slightly undulate, more than three times the size of the cotyledons, prominently stellate, more or less wrinkled (A. 94).

E. erythrocorys, petiole long, opposite, oblong, undulate, broader and one and a half times longer than the cotyledons, scabrous, bullate.

E. Baileyana, petiole long, opposite, ovate, slightly hairy, about as broad as the cotyledons and slightly longer to twice the length of the cotyledons.

E. tetrodonta, petiole long, opposite, linear-lanceolate, margin crenulate with tufts of hairs, narrower than the cotyledon and three times as long.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. eudesmioides, one to four, opposite, petiolate, broadly elliptical, margins crenate-dentate, with tufts of hair at the points and rachis very hairy. Venation strongly marked.

E. tetragona, three, opposite, petiolate, ovate-lanceolate, sometimes slightly retuse, margins crenulate, with tufts of hairs at the points and rachis very hairy. Venation strongly marked. Light green, shaded glaucous above, glaucous beneath, petioles, midrib and margin purple-brown; stem a rich purple-brown, hirsute.

E. erythrocorys, three or more, (?) numerous, petiolate, ovate-lanceolate to cordate, with a tendency to bullate. Margins crenate, hairy. Venation moderately prominent, light green, blotched with a lighter glaucous green. Stem a rich purple-brown, minutely scabrous, stellate.

E. Baileyana, one to three or more (opposite at 8 inches), petiolate, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate cordate, margins entire or slightly serrulate. Stellate hairs abundant on back of leaf. Rachis and midribs scurfy, moss green, petiole and stem a dull purple-brown. Venation distinct.

  ― 193 ―

E. tetrodonta, one to four, opposite, petiolate, linear. Margins crenulate-dentate points with tufts of hair. Venation distinct, hairs abundant. A very pale yellowish green; stem very slender, green.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. eudesmioides

E. tetragona Not seen.

E. erythrocorys

E. tetrodonta

E. Baileyana, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate-cordate, semi-peltate, passing into obliquely cordate at the base, ranging from 7 cm. long, 4 cm. broad, to 9 cm. long, 6 cm. broad, darkish green above, pale and scurfy stellate beneath. In the field the intermediate leaves may be seen on saplings more than 20 feet high, they are readily distinguished from those of other species with which they are associated, by the shape and particularly the pale scabrous undersurface. It is a beautiful species in the sapling stage.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. eudesmioides.

1st leaves ovate, long petioles (30). Narrow-ovate to ovate and oblong, the edges thickly studded with stellate hairs and a few on both sides of the leaf (Minginew).

E. tetragona.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface pale green, midrib red, with long stellate hairs also on the edges of a few on the leaf, both sides (A. 94).

E. erythrocorys.

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, undersurface pale green, stellate hairs on both sides. This plant is entirely covered with stellate hairs, except the cotyledons (Dongarra).

E. Baileyana.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple and glaucous. 1st alternate leaves the same but larger. The backs of the leaves are covered with stellate hairs, not quite so much on the upper surface (8 Mile Plains).

E. tetrodonta.

1st leaves linear or slightly spathulate, irregular edge, with tufts of stellate hairs (Darwin, 1004.)

  ― 194 ―

Series 2d.—Angophoroideae

(a) Long and narrow, glabrous, opposite for at least eight pairs.

E. Spenceriana.

E. tessellaris.

(E. Spenceriana shows affinity to E. exserta in the narrow, somewhat pinkish leaves, and to E. decorticans, see 3.)

(b) Short and broad, setose, soon alternate.

E. grandifolia.

General Appearance.—It is convenient to separate the species of this section into two series, viz., narrow and broad—

  • (a) Narrow Series.—Slender, more or less graceful to somewhat rigid, linear-lanceolate to narrow-lanceolate, firm, shortly petiolate, light green, tinged with yellow, glabrous.
  • (b) Broad Series.—Small setose, especially the stems, ovate to elliptical in the early stage, passing into lanceolate sessile in the intermediate stage, glaucous to yellowish-green. The species of this series are strongly reminiscent of the Corymbosæ in every character, except that they are, like the Eudesmeæ non-peltate.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Spenceriana, absent or very short. Below the surface of the ground-line. Cf. E. marginata.

E. tessellaris, short.

E. grandifolia, very short.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton.)

E. tessellaris, very short, tinted pink (Rockhampton).

E. grandifolia, in the very young seedlings, is below the ground, as in E. marginata. When more advanced, is terete, pale green, with scattered glands.

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Spenceriana, long, slightly.

E. tessellaris, very short.

E. grandifolia, long slightly.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Spenceriana, green (Stapleton).

E. tessellaris, green (Rockhampton).

E. grandifolia, pale green, upper surface bright yellow-green (Stapleton).

  ― 195 ―

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. tessellaris, shaded purplish red, terete, with a few scattered glandular hairs. Epicotyl and young growth with prominent warty glands (Rockhampton).

E. grandifolia, epicotyl long, slight, and covered with transparent glandular processes (Stapleton).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Spenceriana, very short or absent, linear, tapering, glaborus.

E. tessellaris, short, ovate, glabrous.

E. grandifolia, short, elliptical, slightly hairy.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Spenceriana, eight or more, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. tessellaris, indefinite, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. grandifolia, four, ovate-lanceolate, hairy.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

Not seen.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. tessellaris.

1st leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, undersurface paler green (Rockhampton).

Series 2e.—Sessile, ovate to lanceolate

E. diversifolia.   E. Jacksoni.  
E. pachyloma.   E. patens.  
E. megacarpa.  

(The sessile character connects this series with the E. amygdalina series. Small cotyledons, No. 3f.)

General Appearance.—Leaves short and broad, sessile to slightly stem-clasping, oblong, ovate to elliptical lanceolate, very faintly stellate or quite glabrous, light to dark green, or moss green, veins moderately distinct. Stems green or reddish.

The proposed grouping of certain Western Australian (chiefly) species is only a tentative one, as the general characters are not constant throughout the series. Perhaps E. pachyloma should be placed nearer E. alpina, and E. Jacksoni and E. patens made into a separate series. The only characters that they are constant in is that they are sessile and broad. But we are dealing with but few species.

  ― 196 ―

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. diversifolia, long.

E. pachyloma, long.

E. Jacksoni, medium.

E. patens, medium.

E. megacarpa, long.

(1a) Hypocotyl. (Miss Flockton).

E. diversfolia, red (Thistle Island); deep red, terete (Thistle Island); red, inclined to be angular (Wanilla).

E. pachyloma, red (W.A. 584, &c.); long, red and with warty glands (Kalgan Plains); terete, red (Kalgan Plains, 10X.)

E. Jacksoni, crimson (846).

E. patens, terete, red, smooth (Busselton, also A. Murphy); crimson (39).

E. megacarpa, thick, red (A. 87); terete, red (Donovan); tapering to the root, red tint (Karridale).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper, venation).

E. diversifolia, short, slightly tapering, triplinerved.

E. pachyloma, short, slightly tapering.

E. Jacksoni, short, slightly tapering, triplinerved.

E. patens, short, slightly tapering, triplinerved.

E. megacarpa, short, slightly tapering, triplinerved.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. diversifolia, red (Thistle Island); purplish red, trinerved (Thistle Island); slight tint of purple (Wanilla).

E. pachyloma, red (584), &c.); tinted purple, trinerved (Kalgan Plains); variable purple tint (Kalgan Plains).

E. Jacksoni, purple (846).

E. patens, green (Busselton); pale mauve (A. Murphy).

E. megacarpa, deep crimson, petiole short (Karridale); purple (Donovan).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. diversifolia, with pink shade and with warty glands above the cotyledons (Thistle Island); terete, covered with warty glands (Thistle Island); terete, shaded red, rather prominent glands (Wanilla).

  ― 197 ―

E. pachyloma, brownish purple, warty glands (584); red, terete, covered with prominent warty glands (Kalgan Plains).

E. Jacksoni, smooth, round, tinted pink (846).

E. patens, terete, shaded purple, covered with prominent warty glands (Busselton); thick round, pale yellow-green, tinted pink (39).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. diversifolia, sessile, oblong, glabrous.

E. pachyloma, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Jacksoni, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. patens, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. megacarpa, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. diversifolia, four or more, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, slightly undulate, sessile, but not lobed at base, glandular, especially on rachis, venation not specially distinct.

E. pachyloma, numerous, oblong elliptical to oblong-lanceolate, slightly lobed at base, sessile up to 5 (?) pairs, then petiolate, glabrous, rachis minutely hairy, venation moderately distinct.

E. Jacksoni, six or more, ovoid to broadly-elliptical, sessile, margins crenulate, glabrous, venation prominent.

E. patens, numerous, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, venation prominent, sessile, slightly lobed at base, the lobing also seen in the alternate stage, glabrous.

E. megacarpa, numerous, oblong to oblong-lanceolate and elliptical, sessile up to 4 (?) pairs and then petiolate. No lobing, glabrous, venation moderately prominent.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. diversifolia, leaves lanceolate, slightly undulate, ending in a thin acuminate point, 8 cm. long, 3·5 cm. broad, light green, petiole short (Thistle Island).

E. pachyloma, leaves lanceolate, thickish, rather rigid, veins prominent, 5 to 8 cm. long, 1·5 to 2·cm. broad, light green, tinged with yellowish-green, and also slightly shaded glaucous; petiole very short to medium (Kalgan Plains).

E. Jacksoni, leaves broad-lanceolate, undulate, thin, veins obscure, 7 cm. long, 3 cm. broad, light green; petiole short (S. W. Jackson).

E. patens, leaves broad ovate to broadly oblong-lanceolate, slightly hastate to quite plain, rather thin, undulate, veins distinct, intramarginal vein distant from the edge, 7 to 12 cm. long, 4 to 5·5 cm. broad, light green, or more or less mottled with a darker shade of green; petiole short to medium (Murphy).

  ― 198 ―

E. megacarpa, leaves broadly ovate to broad-lanceolate, thin, undulate, usually terminating in a short thickish mucro, veins obscure, the intramarginal vein undulate, rather distant from the edge, 7 to 9 cm. long, about 5·5 cm. broad, dark green, petiole long (Karridale).

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. diversifolia.

1st leaves ovate or oval. 1st alternate leaves, plant 15 inches high, leaves still opposite (Thistle Island).

1st leaves oval, sessile, undersurface pale green (Thistle Island).

1st leaves ovate, sessile. Leaves ovate, ovate-lanceolate, stem-clasping (almost sagittate), undersurface paler, appressed (Wanilla).

E. pachyloma.

1st leaves large ovate, stem-clasping, decussate, undulate, the edge finely toothed, the midrib red. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, willowy (584).

1st leaves ovate, sessile, midrib, and undersurface pale opaque green (Kalgan Plains).

1st leaves ovate, decussate, sessile. The midrib at the back sometimes tinted purple. Leaves still opposite, narrow-ovate, tapering at the base. The same colour on both sides, becoming shortly petiolate about the eighth pair of leaves. Leaf thick (Kalgan Plains).

E. Jacksoni.

1st leaves ovate, stem-clasping, decussate. 1st alternate leaves ovate, acute, petiolate, undersurface pale galucous green (846).

E. patens.

1st leaves ovate, short petioles, second leaves and after, oblong sessile and sometimes sinuous (Busselton).

1st leaves ovate, stem-clasping, decussate (39).

1st leaves broadly ovate, undulate (A. Murphy).

E. megacarpa.

1st leaves ovate or lanceolate, sessile, red midrib and undersurface, with pink-tinted venation (Donovan).

1st leaves elliptical, sessile, a little red venation, undersurface pale green. 1st alternate leaves elliptical, 3½ inches long, petioles (Karridale).

Series 2f.—Rigid semi-angular

E. tetraptera.

General Appearance.—Somewhat robust, rigid, semi-quadrangular, leaves short, oblong to obtuse lanceolate, thick, only the first pair opposite, somewhat glaucous the midrib slightly tinged with purple-brown. Stem purple-brown, inclined to be angular as it develops.

  ― 199 ―

In the early stage, say, up to 7 inches, the affinity of this seedling approaches that of E. angulosa, especially in the leaves, becoming alternate after the first or second pair. Its rigid nature is also a feature of the E. angulosa series.

(1) Hypocotyl.

Very long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).


(2) Cotyledon (Petiole, taper).

Long, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledon (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).


(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

Purple red.

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

Petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves.


(6) Intermediate Leaves.

Not seen.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

1st leaves lanceolate or ovate-acute, red all over the back. 1st alternate leaves large (2¾ inches long), ovate-lanceolate.

  ― 200 ―

Division Reniformae

Section 3.—Small Cotyledons

  • 3A. CRINKLED SERIES (i.e., the leaves crinkled or bullate).      
    E. eugenioides.   E. Blaxlandi.  
    E. agglomerata.   E. captitellata.  
    E. Baxteri.  
  • 3B. STELLATE, SUB-CRINKLED SERIES (i.e., with hairs stellate and much less crinkled than 3B; also has affinity with some members of the Corymbosæ.    
    E. ligustrina (leaves small).  E. alpina.  
    E. Camfieldi.   E. Preissiana (not Renantheræ). 
  • 3C. FUCHSIA SERIES (because the seedlings more or less remind one of the foliage of the common garden Fuchsia. Its affinities are with Nos. 3A and 3D.).        
    E. regnans.   E. Laseroni.  
    E. fastigata.   E. macrorrhyncha.  
    E. laevopinea.   E. Muelleriana.  
    E. microcorys.   E. leptophleba (not Renantheræ). 
  • 3D. OBLIQUA SERIES (because the oblique leaves are reminiscent of those of E. obliqua. It has affinity to No. 3C and also, in the alternate stage, to No. 3I.    
    E. obliqua.   E. Penrithensis.  
    E. Andrewsi.  
  • 3E. ACMENIOIDES SERIES (named from the best known species of the series. In Nos. 3E to 3H, the sessile opposite character of the young leaves is well marked).  
    E. acmenioides.   E. umbra.  
  • 3F. AMYGDALINA SERIES (named from the best known species of the series).    
    E. linearis.   E. numerosa.  
    E. amygdalina.   E. radiata.  
  • 3G. GLAUCOUS, SESSILE SERIES (named from prominent characters; this series connects with E. cordata, &c. (Bilobæ Series—see next Part).    
    E. Smithii (subglaucous).  E. coccifera.  
    E. dives.  

E. dives connects with E. piperita (No. 3H.).

  ― 201 ―
  • 3H. SIEBERIANA SERIES (semiglaucous). (Named after a prominent member of the Series, the members of which are semiglaucous). (E. piperita connects with No. 3E.).      
    E. taeniola.   E. Simmondsii.  
    E. Consideniana.   E. Sieberiana.  
    E. pilularis (close to E. Simmondsii in one stage).  E. piperita (the broadest). 
  • 3I. GLAUCOUS, BROAD, RIGID SERIES (a descriptive title). Nos. 3I and 3J, and these and 3K and 3M are closely related. The series has also affinity to No. 3D).    
    E. virgata.   E. gigantea.  
    E. oreades.  
  • 3J. SUBGLAUCOUS SERIES (closely related to Series 3I).  
    E. micrantha.   E. hæmastoma.  
    E. stricta.   E. fraxinoides.  
    E. obtusiflora.  
    E. nitida.   E. approximans.  
    E. Mitchelliana.   E. Kybeanensis.  
    E. apiculata.  
    E. Moorei.   E. vitrea.  
  • 3P. BROAD LONGITUDINAL SERIES (i.e., elliptical to cordate).    
    E. coriacea.   E. stellulata.  
    E. de Beuzevillei.  

3a.—Crinkled Series

E. eugenioides.   E. Blaxlandi.  
E. agglomerata.   E. capitellata.  
E. Baxteri.  

General Appearance.—Leaves crinkled or markedly undulate, somewhat rough, stellate, usually lanceolate, or medium-sized, rarely beyond 6 cm. long, dark to metallic green, sometimes turning to purple-brown; veins prominent. Stems usually densely but softly stellate tomentose, except when growing under harsh conditions; pale purple-brown.

  ― 202 ―

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. eugenioides, terete, tinted red at the base (Mount Victoria).

E. agglomerata, terete, ribbed, red (Outer Domain); smooth, red (Wingello).

E. Baxteri, terete, red (Kangaroo Island).

E. Blaxlandi, terete, red (Blackheath).

E. capitellata, terete, red (Sutherland).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

Petioles in all cases short to medium, slightly tapering, and venation obscure.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. eugenioides, purple-red (Mount Victoria); deep crimson (Gosford).

E. agglomerata, deep crimson (Outer Domain); crimson (Wingello).

E. Baxteri., green to purple-brown (Kangaroo Island).

E. Blaxlandi, rich puce (Blackheath).

E. capitellata purple red (Sutherland).

(3) Stem.

E. eugenioides, above the hypocotyl terete, red, and with stellate hairs (Mount Victoria).

E. agglomerata, terete, deep crimson, and with small stellate glands (Outer Domain).

E. Baxteri, terete to slightly compressed, reddish, minutely stellate hairs.

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Shape, vestiture).

In all four species, lanceolate; rachis minutely hairy.

(4a) (Petiole).

E. eugenioides, E. agglomerata and E. Blaxlandi, medium.

E. capitellata, short to medium.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. eugenioides, three to six pairs.

E. agglomerata, two pairs or more.

E. Baxteri, three pairs or more, sessile to petiolate.

E. Blaxlandi, four pairs or more.

E. capitellata, three pairs or more.

Petioles in each case short to very short, or wanting.

  ― 203 ―

(5a) (Shape, vestiture).

E. eugenioides, narrow- to broad-lanceolate, markedly undulate; inflexed, margins runcinate. Copiously hairy, shortly setose. Rachis greenish-brown to rich purple-brown and densely setose. These rachis-characters pass to the midribs and to the young tips, until they reach the intermediate stage, when the leaves are glabrous and green. The general appearance of the seedling is dark green blotched with red.

E. agglomerata, oblong to lanceolate; margins slightly undulate or crinkled; softly hairy. The general appearance of the leaf is paler than E. eugenioides, viz., dull pale green, and softly hairy. Rachis slightly hoary, but showing a reddish-pink tinge.

E. Baxteri, ovate, sessile, sinuous, covered in stellate hairs; at 5½ inches, 5·5 cm. long, 3 cm. broad.

E. Blaxlandi, lanceolate to broad-lanceolate; undulate margins; copiously, but softly stellate-hairy. Colour and vestiture of rachis as in E. agglomerata.

E. capitellata, oblong to broad-lanceolate, slightly undulate; margins slightly denticulate, and almost runcinate, slightly hairy. Rachis reddish-pink, and shortly, but densely, hairy. In general appearance this is the most entire-leaved of the four.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. eugenioides, lanceolate, shortly petiolate, crinkled-undulate to nearly flat, denticulate, densely stellate; at 17 inches, 7 cm. long, 2 cm. broad,; at 21 inches, 6 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad. Light green, shading to purple-brown. Stem stellate or hispid-stellate.

E. agglomerata, broad ovate, shortly petiolate, crinkled, the margins softly stellate-tomentose; at 8 inches, 7 cm. long, 4 cm. broad, dark green, tinged with purple-brown, the young tips and twigs downy-stellate; at 12 inches, 7 cm. long, 4 cm. broad; broadly and obliquely lanceolate, slightly undulate, very shortly petiolate, pale green. Stem stellate-tomentose, hoary-purple (Nelligen to Reidsdale).

E. Baxteri, elliptical to almost cordate, sessile, undulate, hispid to broadly and obliquely oblong, retuse, or with a small mucro in the centre of the notch, petiolate, thick, smooth and shining, varying from yellowish to glaucous green; midrib and stem a rich purple-brown. At 12 inches high 6–7 cm. long, 4·5 to 5 cm. broad (Kangaroo Island).

E. Blaxlandi, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, crinkled undulate; margins purplish or purple brown, up to 12 inches or more, then changing to smooth at 22½ inches; oblong to obliquely oblong-lanceolate, mucronate, rigid, 7 cm. long, 3 cm. broad pale green, shading to yellowish green. Stem up to 12 inches or more, slightly stellate-tomentose, dull purple-brown at 22½ inches; smooth, reddish-purple shaded green (Blackheath).

  ― 204 ―

E. capitellata, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, shortly petiolate, undulate, hispid-stellate to smooth or glandular-rugose; at 6 inches, 6 cm. long, 3 cm. broad. After this stage they change to broad-lanceolate, more or less oblique, pale green throughout. Stem at first stellate-tomentose, pale purple-brown, changing to glandular rugose, green, tinged with pale purple-brown (Wyee).

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. eugenioides.

1st leaves lanceolate to ovate, petiolate, the edges are sometimes thickly fringed with stellate hairs and sometimes without any; decussate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, much crinkled, edges red, shortly petiolate, under-surface paler green, edges, back of midrib and petiole dotted with stellate glands, decussate, 5 inches high and branching from first pair of leaves (Mount Victoria).

E. agglomerata.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, short, tinted crimson purple, with some stellate glands on the edges. Other leaves ovate lanceolate, petiolate, thick, undersurface paler green, becoming alternate at about 15 inches high (Outer Domain).

3b.—Stellate, sub-crinkled Series

E. ligustrina.   E. alpina.  
E. Camfieldi.   E. Preissiana.  

General Appearance.—Short and broad, obtuse to shortly acute, ovate to elliptical-lanceolate, more or less undulate, bullate in E. alpina and to some extent in E. Preissiana, dark to yellowish green, veins prominent. Sessile to very shortly petiolate. Stems green or pale pink, more or less slightly stellate.

(1) Hypocotyl. All medium except E. Preissiana, which is long.

(1a) (Miss Flockton).

E. ligustrina, terete, smooth, red (Wentworth Falls).

E. Preissiana, red (Hobart, cultivated, 33); terete, red (Hobart, cultivated); shaded pink, smooth (Kalgan Plains).

E. alpina, terete, red (Tetanga); terete, red, smooth and shiny (St. John).

  ― 205 ―

(2) Cotyledon (Petiole, taper).

E. ligustrina, petiole very short, cotyledon slightly tapering.

E. Camfieldi, medium, slightly tapering.

E. alpina, short, tapering.

E. Preissiana, long, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledon (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. alpina, red tint (Tetanga); tinted puce (St. John).

E. Preissiana, red, trinerved (Hobart, cultivated, 33); red (Hobart); slight tint of purple (Kalgan Plains).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. ligustrina, red, terete, covered with fine stellate hairs (Wentworth Falls).

E. alpina, terete, green, covered with stellate hairs (Tetanga); terete, smooth, shaded red (St. John).

E. Preissiana, tinted red (Hobart, cultivated, 33); shaded red, terete, a little flattened, stellate hairs increasing towards the top of the plant and young growth (Kalgan Plains).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Shape, vestiture).

E. ligustrina, leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate (?) no hairs; rachis smooth, purple brown.

E. Camfieldi, leaves lanceolate; (?) no hairs except on rachis, which is slightly hairy and purple brown.

E. alpina, leaves ovate and slightly hairy; rachis hairy, purple brown.

E. Preissiana, leaves sessile and oblong-lanceolate, slightly hoary; rachis hairy.

(4a) Petiole.

E. ligustrina, very short.

E. Camfieldi, short.

E. alpina, very short.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. ligustrina, three, petiole very short.

E. Camfieldi, two or more, petiole short.

E. alpina, two or more, very short to sessile, stem-clasping.

E. Priessiana, four (or more).

(5a) (Shape, vestiture).

E. ligustrina, ovate to lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Camfieldi, lanceolate to cordate, the margins alone slightly hairy.

E. alpina, oblong to cordate, bullate, hispid all over.

E. Preissiana, oblong-lanceolate to broadly-ovate, undulate, slightly lobed almost amplexicaul, hairy, especially on margins and rachis. Venation prominent.

  ― 206 ―

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. ligustrina. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, changing to oblong lanceolate, hispid, slightly undulate to quite flat, dark green, veins obscure; at 18 inches, 2–3 cm. long, 1 cm. broad; light green; petiole very short; stem minutely stellate, hispid (Wentworth Falls).

E. Camfieldi. Leaves cordate to obliquely cordate, hispid, margins crinkled undulate, pale and dull beneath, shining above; shortly petiolate, ranging from 2·5 cm. to 4·5 cm. long, and from 2 cm. to 4 cm. broad, then changing to obliquely oblong, mucronate, thick and shining, ranging from 6 to 8·5 cm. long and 5 cm. broad; petiole long; stem stellate, hispid (Hornsby).

E. alpina. Leaves orbicular emarginate, thick, more or less venulose; petiole thick, rather long; at 21 inches, 5 cm. long, 4·5 cm. broad; dark green throughout; stem hispid (Mr. St. John, Victoria).

E. Preissiana. Leaves oblong to oblong lanceolate, firm to slightly undulate, thick, shortly petiolate; at 9½ inches 6·5 cm. long, 4 cm. broad; light green, margins and midrib reddish purple. (Kalgan Plains).

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. ligustrina.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface tinted purple, scattered stellate hairs on the edges (Wentworth Falls).

E. alpina.

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, later sessile and stem-clasping; edge and surface covered with stellate glands, venation deeply grooved (Tetanga).

1st leaves exceedingly small and spathulate. Leaves later lanceolate, finely pointed, and tapering into a short petiole at the base. Midrib sometimes red at the back, the leaf slightly paler green, venation very delicate. The seedling at 6½ inches is a sturdy little plant (St. John).

E. Preissiana.

1st leaves broadly ovate or oval, opposite, sessile, shiny (Hobart, cultivated, 33).

1st leaves ovate, sessile, stem-clasping, a few stellate hairs on edges and midrib; later, large ovate, undulate, stem-clasping, more hairs, red midrib (Kalgan Plains).

3c.—Fuchsia Series

E. regnans.   E. macrorrhyncha.  
E. fastigata.   E. Muelleriana.  
E. lævopinea.   E. leptophleba.  
E. Laseroni.   E. microcorys.  

General Appearance.—Leaves usually lanceolate, moderately broad, slightly undulate, the margins dentate-stellate, usually shortly petiolate, light to dark green, tinged with madder-lake, especially the young tips. Stems slightly stellate-tomentose

  ― 207 ―
to glabrous, pink or various shades of purple-brown. The general appearance of some of the seedlings, in the alternate-leaves stage, is undoubtedly reminiscent of the foliage of the commonly cultivated Fuchsia.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. regnans, short to long.

E. fastigata, short to long.

E. lævopinea, short to medium.

E. Laseroni, short to medium.

E. macrorrhyncha, short.

E. Muelleriana, short to long.

E. leptophleba, medium.

E. microcorys, long.

(1a) (Miss Flockton).

E. regnans, ribbed with a few glands, red, epicotyl terete, with stellate glands. (St. John).

E. fastigata, terete, red (Sunny Corner); red, somewhat angular, warty glands near cotyledons (Marulan).

E. lævopinea, terete, red (Nundle).

E. Laseroni, smooth, deep red (Hanging Rock, Nundle).

E. macrorrhyncha, terete, smooth, red brown (Macnally Ranges, Cooma); smooth, red (Hassan's Walls); smooth, red (Dubbo); short, deep red (Nundle); terete, red, sturdy (Stanthorpe).

E. Muelleriana, terete, red (Wingello); smooth, red (Wingello, No. 2).

E. leptophleba, ribbed, stained red (Stannary Hills).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper, venation.

E. regnans, short to medium, tapering.

E. fastigata, medium, tapering.

E. lævopinea, medium, tapering; obscurely trinerved.

E. Laseroni, short.

E. macrorrhyncha, medium, tapering.

E. Muelleriana, medium, tapering.

E. leptophleba, medium, tapering.

E. microcorys, long, scarcely tapering.

  ― 208 ―

(2a) (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. regnans, green.

E. fastigata, mauve (Sunny Corner); purple red (Marulan); red (Tarana).

E. lævopinea, red (Nundle).

E. Laseroni, deep crimson (Hanging Rock, Nundle).

E. macrorrhyncha, pink shade (Cooma); crimson when young, showing stellate hairs (Hassan's Walls); red (Dubbo); deep crimson (Nundle and Stanthorpe).

E. Muelleriana, purple (Wingello); crimson (Wingello, No. 2).

E. leptophleba, purple-red (Stannary Hills).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. fastigata, terete, covered in prominent glands, stellate (Sunny Corner); loses the pink tinge after the second leaves; covered in prominent warty processes (Marulan); faint pink tinge (Tarana).

E. Laseroni, thickly matted with stellate hairs (Hanging Rock, Nundle).

E. macrorrhyncha, terete, glaucous pink, covered with a mat of stellate hairs (Cooma); shaded purple, terete, covered with stellate hairs (Hassan's Walls); thickly covered with stellate hairs (Dubbo); terete, red, covered with transparent hairs, some terete (Stanthorpe).

E. Muelleriana, terete, shaded red, covered with stellate glands (Wingello); above the cotyledons with very small stellate glands (Wingello, No. 2).

E. leptophleba, thickly covered with stellate hairs (Stannary Hills).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. regnans, Short narrow-lanceolate, slightly hispid, rachis slightly hispid, purple-brown.

E. fastigata, short, lanceolate, slightly hispid, rachis slightly hispid, green to purple-brown.

E. lævopinea, short, lanceolate, minutely hairy, rachis minutely glandular, purple-brown.

E. Laseroni, short, lanceolate, slightly hispid, rachis slightly hispid, purple-brown.

E. macrorrhyncha, short, narrow-lanceolate to ovate, slightly hairy, rachis glandular, purple-brown.

E. Muelleriana, short, lanceolate, rachis slightly hispid, green to purple-brown.

  ― 209 ―

E. leptophleba, short, lanceolate, slightly hispid, rachis slightly hispid, purple-brown.

E. microcorys, short, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. regnans, two, lanceolate, margins minutely denticulate, slightly spreading, but tending to be appressed.

E. fastigata, two, lanceolate, denticulate, i.e., Fuchsia-like.

E. lævopinea, two or more, lanceolate, margins slightly hairy.

E. Laseroni, two or more, ovate to broad-lanceolate, margins slightly denticulate.

E. macrorrhyncha, two, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, slightly hairy, margins serrulate.

E. Muelleriana, three or more, lanceolate, sessile to nearly stem-clasping, margins slightly wavy.

E. leptophleba, two or more, broadly lanceolate to nearly ovate, margins slightly hairy.

E. microcorys, four or more, narrow-lanceolate, petiolate, dark green, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. regnans. Leaves obliquely lanceolate, undulate, slightly rugose above, the margins sometimes distantly and irregularly dentate, the apex short or acuminate; veins scarcely prominent, few and distant, somewhat longitudinal, 8 cm. long, 3 cm. qroad; light to dark green, shaded yellowish-green, with a very light tinge of glaucousness; stem purple-brown, glandular, rugose. (Victoria, from Mr. St. John).

E. fastigata. Leaves lanceolate or acuminate lanceolate, more or less undulate, pale on the lower surface; veins obscure above, more prominent beneath, not numerous, semi-longitudinal; 7–8 cm. long, 2–3 cm. broad; dark to pale green; petiole short to medium; stem a light purple-brown, slightly glandular. (Brindabella Mountain, Coree, Queanbeyan, R. H. Cambage).

E. lævopinea. Leaves broad lanceolate to broad lanceolate falcate, slightly oblique; veins obscure, the intramarginal vein undulate and distant from the edge; 8 to 13 cm. long, 3 to 4 cm. broad; light to dark green, tinged with yellowish-green and dull purple-brown; petiole very short; stem a dull purple-brown, shaded green (Nundle, Forestry Commission).

  ― 210 ―

E. Laseroni. Leaves broad lanceolate, the margins slightly denticulate, deflexed, the lamina slightly turned upwards; veins obscure, 5 cm. long, 3 cm. broad; dark green; the margin and midrib purple-brown; petiole very short (Hanging Rock, Nundle, J.H.M. and J.L.B.).

E. macrorrhyncha. Leaves oblong to lanceolate, firm to undulate, the margin obscurely denticulate to entire and strongly nerved; veins obscure; 7 to 8 cm. long, 2–5 cm. broad; light green with a purple-brown tinge; petiole short; stem pale purple-brown. The material not satisfactory (Blackman's Crown, Capertee, J. B. Yeo).

E. Muelleriana. Leaves long-lanceolate or attenuate-lanceolate, slightly undulate; veins more or less distinct; dark green on the upper surface, much paler on the lower, 9 to 13 cm. long, 3 to 3·5 cm. broad; dark green mottled with yellowish-green; petiole very short; stem purple-brown tinged with green. (Victoria, A. W. Howitt).

E. leptophleba. Leaves elliptical to lanceolate, the purple margin minutely denticulate; veins obscure, midrib purple-brown, 6 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad; light green shaded yellowish-green and a very dull purple-brown; stem a rich purple-brown (Stannary Hills, Dr. T. L. Bancroft).

E. microcorys. Leaves broadly lanceolate to elliptical, petiolate, the lateral veins reddish and subcanaliculate above (Wollambine, New South Wales, Andrew Murphy).

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. regnans.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface pale green (St. John). Leaves ovate-acute, with some edges crinkled and red. Shortly petiolate, undersurface paler green, decussate (St. John).

E. fastigata.

1st leaves ovate acuminate, undersurface slight mauve tint, a few glands on the edges (Sunny Corner).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple tint. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, a few glands on the edges of the leaves (Marulan).

1st leaves ovate-acute. 1st alternate leaves the same but larger.

E. Laseroni.

1st leaves ovate, shortly pedunculate, undersurface tinted mauve, stellate hairs on the edges and midrib. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, subcordate base, edges red with prominent glands; undersurface pale bright green (Nundle).

E. macrorrhyncha.

1st leaves ovate, a few stellate hairs, later ovate or oblong, the edges and both sides of leaves with stellate hairs. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acute, red petioles, losing the warty glands (Cooma).

  ― 211 ―

1st leaves ovate, short peduncle, stellate hairs on edge, later, the same but larger and ovate-acute (Hassan's Walls).

1st leaves elliptical, tinted red on the back and edges, with stellate hairs on the edge and petiole. 1st alternate leaves, the same but larger, and losing the red tint. The midrib and leaves also have scattered stellate hairs in the early stages (Dubbo).

1st leaves ovate, stiff, almost sessile, underside shaded pink, a few stellate hairs on the edges, decurrent (Stanthorpe).

E. Muelleriana.

1st leaves ovate, petiole short, undersurface pale green. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, stem-clasping, stellate glands on back of midrib and edges, undersurface paler green (Wingello).

1st leaves ovate, with fine stellate glands on edges and midrib and sometimes faint purple shade (Wingello).

E. leptophleba.

1st leaves ovate (leaves and young growth covered in stellate hairs). Purple shade on the back. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, red edges and midrib, shiny, pale undersurface; stellate hairs on the edges. The plant in the second stage is thickly covered with stellate hairs on the stem, edges of leaves and young leaves.

3d.—Obliqua Series

E. obliqua.   E. Andrewsi.  

E. Penrithensis. (The affinity of this species to the two former is very close in the early stage, say, up to 6 inches in height. The intermediate stage is, however, much narrower.)

General Appearance.—In the early stages the leaves are oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, glaucous green shading to darker green; sometimes the tip turns to purple-brown; margins undulate, shortly petiolate, somewhat glandular, but scarcely hispid, rarely exceeding 7 cm. in length. Stems green or reddish, minutely glandular. Intermediate leaves oblique, broadly lanceolate, dark shading to lighter green, the midrib and rachis purple-brown, usually 10–12 cm. at 24 inches high.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. obliqua, medium to long.

E. Andrewsi, medium to long.

E. Penrithensis, medium.

  ― 212 ―

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. obliqua, tinted red (Wingello); shaded red, angular (Wingello, No. 2); terete, wiry, red (Kuitpo).

E. Andrewsi, terete, red (Howell and Wallangarra); terete, tinted red (Narrabri); short, smooth, tinted red (Narrabri, No. 2).

E. Penrithensis, terete, red (Toongabbie); terete, wiry red (Galston Road); terete, red, bending over, the epicotyl with stellate glands (Galston Road).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole and taper).

E. obliqua, medium, tapering.

E. Andrewsi, medium to long, tapering.

E. Penrithensis, medium, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. obliqua, faint mauve tint (Wingello); sometimes purple (Wingello, No. 2); green or pale puce (Kuitpo).

E. Andrewsi, purple red (Howell); deep crimson (Narrabri); crimson (Wallangarra).

E. Penrithensis, tinted red (Toongabbie); rich puce (Galston Road).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. obliqua, covered with pink, prominent warty glands (Wingello); warty glands above the cotyledons (Wingello, No. 2); terete, shaded red (Kuitpo).

E. Andrewsi, young, terete, red, thickly covered with warty glands (Howell); terete, shaded red (Narrabri); terete, red, covered with glands (Wallangarra).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. obliqua, medium, lanceolate, glabrous, rachis minutely glandular.

E. Andrewsi, rather long, oblong to lanceolate, glabrous, and rachis glabrous.

E. Penrithensis, short, lanceolate, glabrous, rachis slightly glandular.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. obliqua, three or four, medium to sessile or nearly so.

E. Andrewsi, three or four, petioles medium throughout.

E. Penrithensis, four, short throughout.

(5a) (Shape, vestiture).

E. obliqua, lanceolate to broad lanceolate, undulate, margins slightly toothed or hispid.

E. Andrewsi, oblong to lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Penrithensis, oblong to lanceolate, glabrous, or with very fine stellate hairs.

  ― 213 ―

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. obliqua, leaves broadly and distinctly obliquely lanceolate, slightly undulate, veins more or less prominent, few and rather distant; the intramarginal vein undulate, and distant from the edge; petiole medium. At 28½ inches, 11 cm. long, 5 cm. broad; dark green, mottled yellowish-green; petiole partly purple-brown and partly light yellowish-green. Stem the same colour as the petiole (Wingello, A. Murphy).

E. Andrews—leaves narrow to broad-lanceolate, slightly oblique when the latter; the narrow ones more inclined to oblong-lanceolate; firm to slightly undulate; veins scarcely prominent, more numerous than in E. obliqua; the intramarginal vein undulate and closer to the edge than in the above species; 5–11 cm. long, 2–5 cm. broad; pale glaucous to light green; petiole short, a rich purple-brown, which extends into the midrib for its entire length. Stem a rich purple-brown.

E. Penrithensis, leaves lanceolate to slightly oblique-lanceolate, slightly undulate, the veins scarcely distinct, the intramarginal vein close to the edge; petiole short, or much shorter than in E. obliqua and E. Andrewsi. At 17 inches high, 10·5 cm. long, 3 cm. broad; dark green, shaded with yellowish-green. Stem a very dull purple-brown.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. obliqua.

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, later broadly lanceolate, cordate at the base, nearly sessile, undersurface pale green; glands on midrib and edges (Wingello).

1st leaves ovate or narrow-ovate, pedunculate, undersurface purple shade (Wingello, No. 2).

1st leaves ovate to lanceolate, shortly petiolate (Kuitpo).

E. Andrewsi.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface bright purple. Leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, undersurface pale green, blotched with purple (Howell).

1st leaves ovate, edges and part of midrib red, short peduncle. Leaves alternate, glaucous, edges and petioles red (Narrabri).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, midrib and edges tinted red (Narrabri, No. 2).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface mauve. Leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, dull green with red edges and midrib, decussate (Wallangarra).

E. Penrithensis.

1st leaves ovate, lanceolate, shortly petiolate, edges with stellate glands at intervals (Galston Road).

  ― 214 ―

3e.—Acmenioides Series

E. acmenioides.   E. umbra.  

General Appearance.—Leaves at first lanceolate, obtuse, petiolate, then changing to broad lanceolate, sessile or slightly stem-clasping, more or less undulate, often with an attenuate point, opposite character indefinite. The colour varies from pale green to lighter green, shaded glaucous and pale purple-brown. Midrib often reddish. Stems reddish.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. acmenioides Medium to long.

E. umbra

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. acmenioides, terete and sturdy (Gosford); terete, smooth, wiry, red (Upper Clarence).

E. umbra, terete, inclined to be grooved on one side, red (Kincumber); inclined to be angular, texture rough, red (Wyong); terete, slightly ribbed, red (Gosford); terete, shaded pink (Fraser Island); terete, red (Manly).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. acmenioides Medium, tapering.

E. umbra

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. acmenioides, red (Gosford); green, slightly tinted mauve (Gosford, 79); shaded puce (Upper Clarence).

E. umbra puce (Kincumber); mauve (Wyong); red (Gosford); pale puce (Fraser Island); purple-red (Manly).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. acmenioides, deep purple-red (Gosford); terete, smooth, red (Gosford); pink tinted (Wyong).

E. umbra, terete, shaded red, with prominent glands (Kincumber); slightly flattened, purple-brown, covered with warty glands (Wyong); purple-red, smooth at 10 inches high (Gosford); terete, red, some glands (Fraser Island); terete, red, thickly covered with warty glands (Manly).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. acmenioides short, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. umbra, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous, rachis glandular.

  ― 215 ―

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. acmenioides, numerous, sessile to shortly petiolate.

E. umbra, numerous, sessile to shortly petiolate.

(5a) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Shape, vestiture).

E. acmenioides, lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, stem-clasping, boat-shaped, glabrous.

E. umbra, lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, stem-clasping, boat-shaped, glabrous.

The opposite character is very marked in both species.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. acmenioides, leaves lanceolate, slightly undulate, veins not conspicuous, sessile or very shortly petiolate, 11 cm. long, 4 cm. broad, dark green. Stem pale green.

E. umbra, leaves broad lanceolate, distinctly undulate, veins fairly prominent, sessile to shortly petiolate, 10–12 cm. long, 2–4·5 cm. broad, light green, midrib pale purple-brown; stem dull purple-brown; young tips dull purple-brown tinged with pale green. E. umbra appears to be constantly more highly coloured than E. acmenioides.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. acmenioides.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface purple (Gosford).

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, dark green. Leaves later lanceolate, stem-clasping, undersurface paler; stiff (Gosford, 79).

1st leaves lanceolate, petiolate, afterwards becoming large ovate lanceolate, undulate and almost stem-clasping; opposite. Height 9 inches, still opposite (Wyong).

E. umbra.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, later ovate, sessile to stem-clasping, undersurface paler green (Kincumber).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple shade, later, large ovate acute, stem-clasping, glands on midrib. Unchanged at 10 inches high, but branching (Wyong).

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate. Leaves large, ovate, stem-clasping, undersurface paler green. Height 10 inches, but not branching. Still opposite. See note to A. 59 (Gosford, 85).

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, undersurface pale green. Leaves at 5 inches high unchanged, except rather broader (Fraser Island).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate. Leaves lanceolate, sessile, decussate, undersurface paler green, red midrib and some edges. At 5 inches still opposite, sessile, but not stem-clasping (Manly).

  ― 216 ―

3f.—Amygdalina Series

E. linearis.   E. numerosa.  
E. amygdalina.   E. radiata.  

General Appearance.—Leaves linear-oblong to attenuate-lanceolate, sessile or partly stem-clasping, usually decussate and parallel, the opposite character persistent for a long period; pale green, shaded glaucous. (The leaves of E. radiata are specially aromatic.) Stems pale purple-brown or pale green.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. linearis, medium to long.

E. amygdalina, medium.

E. numerosa, medium.

E. radiata, short to very short.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. linearis, terete, red (Chimney Pot); tapers abruptly into the root, crimson (Hobart).

E. amygdalina, terete, smooth, red, weak (Hobart); terete, red (Kelvedon).

E. numerosa, terete, slightly ribbed, red (Berrima); smooth, red (Cobbitty); red, slightly ribbed (Bent's Basin).

E. radiata, terete, red (Nundle); terete, slightly ribbed, red (Nerrigundah); terete, slightly ribbed beneath the cotyledons, tinted red (Wyndham); terete, slightly ribbed, red or purple (Buddawang); terete, slightly ribbed, red (Wyndham, No. 2); red, very short or ribbed (Mount Wilson).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. linearis

E. amygdalina medium, tapering.

E. numerosa

E. radiata, short to medium, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. linearis, deep puce (Chimney Pot).

E. amygdalina, crimson (Hobart); pink (Kelvedon).

E. numerosa, purple (Berrima, Cobbitty and Bent's Basin).

E. radiata, green, with a slight mauve tint (Nundle); purple (Nerrigundah); green, with a faint purple tint (Wyndham); pale, with slight purple tint (Buddawang); slight purple tint (Mount Wilson).

  ― 217 ―

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. linearis, terete, red, covered with warty glands (Chimney Pot); crimson, with warty protuberances (Hobart).

E. amygdalina, terete, dark purple-red, with rough glands (Hobart); terete, red, prominent glands (Kelvedon).

E. numerosa, terete, shaded red, prominent glands (Berrima); shaded purple, covered with protuberant warty glands (Cobbitty); terete, shaded red, protuberant warty glands (Bent's Basin).

E. radiata, epicotyl and stem covered with prominent wart-like glands (Nundle); terete, purple, covered with protuberant glands (Nerrigundah); terete, purple, covered with protuberant glands (Buddawang); terete, shaded purple, covered with prominent glands (Wyndham); terete, red, covered with warty glands (Mount Wilson).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. linearis, petiole very short, linear-lanceolate, glabrous, rachis minutely glandular.

E. amygdalina, petiole short, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, rachis minutely glandular, more so than in E. linearis.

E. numerosa, sessile to very shortly petiolate, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, glabrous, rachis minutely glandular.

E. radiata, sessile to very shortly petiolate, linear to linear-lanceolate, glabrous, rachis minutely glandular.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. linearis, five or more, begins to be alternate at about 20 cm. high, all sessile.

E. amygdalina, numerous, up to 19½ inches at least, sessile and stem-clasping.

E. numerosa, numerous, up to 19 inches at least, sessile or minutely petiolate.

E. radiata, numerous, up to 14 inches at least (plant then removed), sessile.

(5a) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Shape, vestiture).

E. linearis, linear and very long, margin distantly toothed, glandular, rachis purple-brown and sometimes the leaves.

E. amygdalina, oblong to oblong-lanceolate and nearly linear, slightly stem-clasping, glandular, rachis purple-brown and sometimes the leaves.

E. numerosa, linear to oblong-lanceolate, slightly stem-clasping, glandular, rachis purple-brown to green, and sometimes the leaves.

E. radiata, lanceolate to nearly linear-lanceolate, slightly stem-clasping, margins slightly undulate, glandular, rachis purple-brown to green.

  ― 218 ―

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. linearis, leaves linear, flexuose, passing into almost terete filiform, when broad, denticulate as in the seedling leaves, dark green, veins obscure, 5 to 7 cm. long to 4 mm. broad. Stem glandular hispid.

E. amygdalina, leaves narrow oblong-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, slightly tapering at the base, veins obscure, 5 to 8 cm. long, about 10 mm. broad, light green. Stem glandular hispid.

E. numerosa, not seen. These are opposite for such a long period that the intermediate characters are not brought out in pot seedlings.

E. radiata, not seen.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. linearis.

1st leaves linear, undersurface purple, sessile, edge sometimes irregular, a few glands on the midrib (undersurface). Plant at 13 inches high:—Leaves still linear, and the stems still covered with prominent red glands. The plant is much branched and bushy. The outline of the leaves is irregular (Chimney Pot Hill).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, undersurface purple. 1st alternate leaves purple (Hobart).

E. amygdalina.

1st leaves narrow-lanceolate, sessile, decussate. Leaves dark bluish-green with red edges and midrib, and much purple colouring throughout (Hobart).

1st leaves ovate, sessile, undersurface tinted purple, later becoming ovate-lanceolate and stem-clasping (Kelvedon).

E. numerosa.

1st leaves linear, very shortly petiolate, undersurface pale opaque green with purple shade. Glands on the edges of the leaves (Berrima).

1st leaves linear, petiole short, afterwards larger, decussate, undersurface slightly paler green, with purple tint (Cobbitty).

1st leaves linear, almost sessile, but not stem-clasping. The undersurface glaucous and with a purple shade. Glands on the edges of the leaves.

E. radiata.

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, sessile, undersurface pale opaque green, with mauve tint; decussate (Nundle).

1st leaves lanceolate, with prominent glands on undersurface of the midrib, and showing as yellow dots on the upper surface; undersurface purple. Sessile or stem-clasping. The midrib is purple on the upper side also, the edges slightly so (Nerrigundah).

1st leaves lanceolate, stem-clasping, with prominent glands on the midribs and edges; undersurface purple. On the upper side the glands are prominent on the third pair of leaves; before this, they show as yellow dots (Buddawang).

  ― 219 ―

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface pale glaucous with a slight purple tint, stem-clasping. A few scattered glands on the edges and back of leaves (Wyndham).

1st leaves very tiny linear, stem-clasping, becoming ovate (Mount Wilson).

3g.—Glaucous-Sessile Series

E. Smithii.   E. coccifera (small). 
E. dives (large). 

(This Series connects with E. cordata, E. pulverulenta in the Bilobæ Series—see next Part.)

General Appearance.—Cordate-lanceolate; opposite character well marked. Leaves at first short and broad, very shortly petiolate, ovate or oblong-ovate, then changing to cordate-lanceolate or elliptical-lanceolate, according to the species; sessile; glaucous throughout, the veins white or shaded pink. Stems very pale purple-brown, changing to glaucous.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. coccifera, terete, woody, glabrous, dark purple near the base, 1·5–2 cm. long, ·5–1 mm. thick (Lubbock).

E. Smithii, E. coccifera, E. dives, all medium.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Smithii, angular, deep crimson, shading up lighter (Wingello).

E. coccifera, terete, smooth, red (Mount Wellington); red (Tasmania).

E. dives, red (Wingello); terete, red (Cooma).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

Shortly stalked, ·5–·75 cm. long, ·5 cm. wide, obcordate, cuneate at base, retuse at apex, obscurely nerved, glabrous, not very thick, dark green above, dark purple beneath, rather persistent (Lubbock).

E. Smithii, petiole medium, tapering.

E. coccifera, short, tapering.

E. dives, short to medium, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. coccifera, rich crimson (Mount Wellington).

E. dives, red (Wingello); slight purple tint (Cooma).

  ― 220 ―

(3) Stem.

E. coccifera, firm, terete, scabrous, dark purple; internodes varying from 1–3 cm. in length, 1 mm. thick (Lubbock).

(Miss Flockton.)

E. Smithii, a little angular, pale green, dotted with warty glands (Wingello); red, (Wingello); purple (Wingello).

E. coccifera, smooth, green (Tasmania).

E. dives, shaded red, terete, covered with prominent glands (? stellate) (Cooma).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Smithii, shortly petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous, rachis minutely glandular, glaucous.

E. coccifera, short, elliptical.

E. dives, very short, ovate to elliptical, glabrous, rachis glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. Smithii, numerous, up to 32 inches at least, sessile and stem-clasping.

E. coccifera, five or more, short.

E. dives, numerous, very shortly petiolate to sessile and stem-clasping.

(5a) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Shape, vestiture).

E. Smithii, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, decussate, stem-clasping, minutely glandular, glaucous.

E. coccifera, elliptical-decussate, rachis glandular.

E. dives, lanceolate to ovate, glaucous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Smithii, E. coccifera, E. dives, not seen.

The species appear to be opposite for a long period.

“Leaves as in E. globulus, but ovate, deep green above, purplish beneath at least in the seedling stage. Nos. 1 and 2. Including the short scabrous petiole, 1–1·5 cm long, ·5 cm. wide, ovate-lanceolate, entire, with sunk midrib and obscurely penninerved, glabrous, thin, dark green above, dark purple beneath in the early stages. Nos. 3 and 4. The same, but more oblong, rounded at both ends. Nos. 5 and 6. The same, but larger.” (Lubbock, p. 532, under E. coccifera.)

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Smithii.

1st leaves linear, undersurface purple shade, running parallel with the cotyledons. Unchanged, still opposite at 10 inches (Wingello).

1st leaves linear, undersurface red. At 15 inches the leaves are still opposite, nearly stem-clasping, narrow ovate-lanceolate (Wingello).

  ― 221 ―

E. coccifera.

1st leaves small, ovate, sessile (Mount Wellington); ovate (Cresswell, Tasmania).

E. dives.

1st leaves elliptical, purple stain at back (Wingello); ovate, undersurface pale green (Cooma).

3h.—Sieberiana Series (semi-glaucous)

E. tæniola.   E. Simmondsii.  
E. Consideniana.   E. Sieberiana.  
E. pilularis.   E. piperita.  

General Appearance.—In the early stages the leaves are spreading, or almost parallel, oblong to oblong-lanceolate (except E. Simmondsii, which is elliptical-lanceolate), sessile, glaucous green or dark green shading to olive green, tinged with purple-brown; veins somewhat distinct, spreading, 7–10 cm. long, 1–2·5 cm. broad; young tips a light purple-brown. Stems green or purple-brown. The opposite character of the leaves of this series is very marked, and it therefore shows some affinity to the Amygdalina Series (3F), and also to E. maculosa in the Bilobæ.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. tæniola

E. Consideniana medium to long.

E. pilularis

E. Simmondsii, short, smooth.

E. Sieberiana, medium to long.

E. piperita.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Consideniana, red (Barrengarry; terete, with cracks or fissures, red-brown (Wingello); terete, slightly ribbed, red (Boggy Creek).

E. pilularis, tinted red, slightly angular, thickening to the root (Woy Woy); tinted pink, slightly angular, thickening to the root (Oatley); terete, red, a little ribbed (Pambula).

E. Simmondsii, red, becoming lighter towards the cotyledons. Four red lines running down the hypocotyl, making it appear angular (Smithton).

E. Sieberiana, terete, red (Wingello and Manly).

E. piperita, terete, sometimes ribbed, red, spindly (Leura); slightly angular, sturdy, red (Blackheath); smooth, red, thickening slightly to the root (Wingello); terete, shaded pink (National Park); red (Wingello).

  ― 222 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. tæniola, short, tapering.

E. Consideniana, medium, slightly tapering.

E. pilularis, medium, tapering, trinerved.

E. Simmondsii, fairly long, tapering.

E. Sieberiana, petiolate, tapering.

E. piperita, medium, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. tæniola, red.

E. Consideniana, crimson (Barrengarry); deep crimson (Wingello); crimson purple (Boggy Creck).

E. pilularis, deep crimson-purple, trinerved (Woy Woy); crimson (Oatley); slight purple tint or sometimes deep crimson (Pambula).

E. Simmondsii, purplish (Smithton).

E. Sieberiana, red (Wingello); purple (Wingello and Manly).

E. piperita, variable purple tint (Leura); deep red (Blackheath); purple (Wingello and National Park); red (Wingello).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. tæniola, terete, red.

E. Consideniana, smooth, faint pink tint (Barrengarry Mountain); the epicotyl with raised glandular processes, sturdy (Wingello); terete, covered with small stellate glands (Boggy Creek).

E. pilularis, above the hypocotyl covered with prominent warty glands, purple red in colour (Woy Woy); terete, shaded pink, stellate glands (Pambula).

E. Simmondsii, terete, dark red, glandular (Smithton).

E. Sieberiana, crimson (Wingello, No. 1); pinkish brown, in some thickly covered with protuberant glands, in some hardly any at all (Wingello, No. 2); terete, red, with glands (Manly).

E. piperita, epicotyl terete, red, small stellate glands (Blackheath); above the hypocotyl covered with prominent glands (Wingello, No. 1); thick, terete, tinted pink, oil glands (Wingello, No. 2).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. tæniola, petiole short; oblong-lanceolate, obtuse; glabrous.

E. Consideniana, short; lanceolate, acute; glabrous.

E. pilularis, short, lanceolate; glabrous, rachis glandular.

E. Simmondsii, very short; oblong-lanceolate, rachis slightly glandular.

E. Sieberiana, medium, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, glabrous.

E. piperita, short, lanceolate; glabrous, rachis minutely glandular.

  ― 223 ―

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. tæniola, five or more, shortly petiolate to sessile, oblong to lanceolate, slightly boat-shaped, glabrous, upper rachis glandular.

E. Consideniana, three or more, petiole short to sessile, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, slightly boat-shaped, glabrous.

E. pilularis, five or more, sessile to stem-clasping, lanceolate to narrow-lanceolate, tapering boat-shaped, glabrous, stem more or less glandular hispid.

E. Simmondsii, six or more, sessile to stem-clasping, oblong to broad-lanceolate, slightly glandular, the two upper pairs (at 7 inches) denticulate, whitish underneath.

E. Sieberiana, four or more, sessile; oblong to lanceolate, slightly boat-shaped; glabrous.

E. piperita, five or more, shortly petiolate to stem-clasping, oblong to broad-lanceolate, sometimes boat-shaped, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. tæniola, leaves oblong to narrow-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, veins obscure. At 36 inches, 7 to 10 cm. long, 1 cm. broad; yellowish green. Stem reddish.

E. Consideniana, leaves oblong to obliquely lanceolate falcate, slightly undulate; petiole shortish; venation moderately distinct. At 15½ inches, 14 cm. long, 3 cm. broad. Light green; stem pale pink to pale red. At one state E. Consideniana shows a strong affinity to E. vitrea.

E. pilularis, leaves obliquely lanceolate, shortly petiolate, thin, slightly undulate, 9 to 12 cm. long, 2·5 to 4 cm. broad.

E. Simmondsii, not seen. It is still opposite at 13 inches. The leaves are sessile to stem-clasping, lanceolate, acute, more or less rigid.

E. Sieberiana, leaves broad lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate, changing to broad-lanceolate, usually oblique, slightly undulate; petiole at first short, but with the next three or four leaves extending to 15 mm., 5 cm. long, 3·5 cm. broad, slightly glaucous, the petiole and midrib orange red. Stem light yellowish green, deepening towards the top into orange red.

E. piperita, leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate, shortly apiculate, the margins more or less undulate, the lamina sometimes turned upwards from the midrib; veins obscure, light yellowish green, the marginal nerve reddish; 7 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad. Stem green, tinged red.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Consideniana.

1st leaves ovate or lanceolate, venation red, petiolate, leaves becoming nearly sessile and 3 inches long (Barrengarry).

  ― 224 ―

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, undersurface pale opaque green, with mauve colouring. Leaves the first pair shortly petiolate, afterwards sessile or almost so; ovate lanceolate, decussate, dark green with red edges and midrib; undersurface pale glaucous green with mauve colouring (Wingello).

1st leaves ovate, pedunculate, undersurface purple (Boggy Creek).

E. pilularis.

1st leaves lanceolate, decussate, undersurface powdery white with a purple tint (Woy Woy). At 8 inches, still opposite and leaves 4 inches long.

1st leaves lanceolate, petioles short, opposite, afterwards becoming sessile, stem-clasping, opposite (Oatley).

1st leaves ovate, petiole short, undersurface slight purple tint. At 7½ inches the seedlings are identical with those from Oatley (Pambula).

E. Simmondsii.

1st leaves lanceolate, sessile, first pair slightly petiolate, decussate, undersurface purplish (Smithton).

E. Sieberiana.

1st leaves ovate, red at the base, edge and venation. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, undersurface purple (Wingello).

1st leaves ovate petiolate, undersurface rich purple, afterwards become decussate, sessile. 1st alternate leaves ovate, ovate-lanceolate, the young leaves rose-coloured and pedunculate (Wingello).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface pale whitish with purple tint, decussate. Leaves, third pair ovate-lanceolate or oblong with very short petiole. Plant at 6½ inches high has leaves still opposite and 3½ inches long, undersurface slightly paler (Manly).

E. piperita.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface shaded rich purple tint, petiolate, decussate. Leaves after 1st pair become stem-clasping; venation delicate and purple, also edges and midrib. Undersurface rich mauve. Seen later, with two more leaves, the same but red. At 11 inches high the leaves are broad and boat-shaped (Leura).

1st leaves ovate, sometimes slightly spathulate, the first pair very shortly petiolate, the next stem-clasping. Undersurface deep purple (Blackheath).

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, undersurface purple shade, from the third pair ovate or oblong, decussate. A few glands on the midribs and edges of the leaves. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acuminate, edges red, undersurface pale whitish-green (Wingello).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple shade, petiolate, becoming elliptical, undulate, sessile, red midrib. The leaves are opposite at 10 inches high, and full of yellow oil glands (Wingello).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate to spathulate, undersurface purple tint (Wingello).

  ― 225 ―

3i.—Glaucous, broad, rigid Series

E. virgata.   E. gigantea.  
E. oreades.  

General Appearance.—Leaves at first subglaucous, but soon turning very glaucous, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, more or less venulose. Stems reddish. Intermediate stage oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, apiculate, thick, glaucous, midrib reddish; lateral veins distinct. Stem yellowish to glaucous, shading to very pale purple-brown.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. virgata, E. oreades, E. gigantea, all medium to long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. virgata, terete, smooth, deep red (Berowra); terete, wiry, red (The Spit); terete, becoming ribbed under the cotyledons (National Park).

E. oreades, terete, red (Mount Victoria, 1 and 2).

E. gigantea, terete, tinted red (Tumberumba).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. virgata

E. oreades petiolate, tapering, slightly trinerved.

E. gigantea

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. virgata, deep crimson, also edge (Berowra); red (National Park).

E. oreades, red (Mount Victoria); deep crimson (Mount Victoria, No. 2); crimson purple (Mount Victoria, No. 3).

E. gigantea, purple red (Tumberumba).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. virgata, deep red, flattened, and with warty glands (Berowra); terete, shaded puce, with small stellate glands (The Spit); terete, smooth, pale yellow green (National Park).

E. oreades, terete, deep reddish purple, shiny (Mount Victoria); crimson (Mount Victoria, No. 2); small stellate glands (Mount Victoria, No. 3).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. virgata, petiole medium, leaves obtuse lanceolate, glabrous.

E. oreades, fairly short, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. gigantea, medium, lanceolate to oblong, glabrous.

  ― 226 ―

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. virgata, three, oblong to lanceolate, petiolate, glabrous.

E. oreades, two or more, oblong to oblong lanceolate, petiolate, glabrous.

E. gigantea, three, oblong to oblong lanceolate, petiolate, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. virgata, leaves oblong to oblong lanceolate, often shortly mucronate, thick, petioles short, 7 to 10 cm. long, 3 to 4 cm. broad, more or less glaucous, midrib whitish; stem pale to light purple-brown.

E. oreades, leaves oblong to oblong lanceolate, shortly petiolate, thick, veins prominent underneath, the central nerve considerably raised above the surface of the lamina, 10 to 14 cm. long, 4·5 to 7 cm. broad, glaucous shaded yellowish green, midrib reddish. Stem pale lilac rose, or pale purple-brown shaded glaucous.

E. gigantea, leaves oblong, mucronate to obliquely lanceolate, thick and firm, thicker than in the two preceding species; veins distinct, rather distant and spreading; petioles short to long, 7 to 10 cm. long, 2·5 to 3·5 cm. broad, glaucous shaded yellowish green; petiole slightly red-brown; stem yellowish.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. virgata.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface with some purple; later, the leaves oblong or obovate with undersurface rich purple and deep purple on the upperside nearest to the petiole; the venation also is purple. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, a little paler on the undersurface, red midrib and edges (Berowra).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface puce (The Spit).

1st leaves ovate or spathulate, the venation and undersurface reddish puce, petiolate, decussate. 1st alternate leaves ovate, stiff, petiolate, pale green on both sides (National Park).

E. oreades.

1st leaves small, ovate, petiolate, 1st pair; shortly petiolate (almost sessile), 2nd pair; then stem-clasping. Alternate leaves ovate-acute, stiff, petiolate, and of a beautiful glaucous green (Mount Victoria, No. 1).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface shaded crimson (Mount Victoria, No. 2).

1st leaves ovate, pedicel short, undersurface purple (Mount Victoria, No. 3).

E. gigantea.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface rich purple red, pedunculate, decussate (Tumberumba).

  ― 227 ―

3j.—Sub-Glaucous Series

E. micrantha.   E. hæmastoma.  

General Appearance.—Leaves pale glaucous green, shading to yellowish green, somewhat rigid, but not as rigid as E. virgata, &c.; oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, soon alternate, rarely beyond 7 cm. long in the opposite stage; veins somewhat, prominent, the midrib reddish or pale green. Stems light purple-brown.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. micrantha, E. hæmastoma, medium.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. micrantha, smooth, deep red (Grattai); terete, red (Pilliga Scrub); smooth red (Narrabri).

E. hæmastoma, terete, red (Hornsby); smooth, red (Berowra); terete, red, smooth (Gosford).

(2) Cotyledons. (Petiole, taper).

E. micrantha, shortly petiolate; tapering.

E. hæmastoma, short to long; tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. micrantha, deep purple red (Grattai); deep red (Grattai No. 2); deep crimson (Pilliga); crimson (Narrabri).

E. hæmastoma, rich puce (Hornsby); purple red (Berowra).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. micrantha, terete, red, smooth (Grattai); red with scattered warty glands (Grattai No. 2); a little flattened, red, hardly any visible glands (Narrabri); thickly covered with warty glands, small and close together (Narrabri, No. 2).

E. hæmastoma, rough with small glands, the stem later being covered with fine, close, shiny stellate glands (Berowra).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. micrantha, petioles rather short, lanceolate to narrow lanceolate, glabrous.

E. hæmastoma, petioles rather short, oblong to oblong lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. micrantha, two, short.

E. hæmastoma, two or more, short.

(5a) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Shape, vestiture).

E. micrantha, oblong to lanceolate, glabrous.

E. hæmastoma, oblong to lanceolate, glabrous.

  ― 228 ―

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. micrantha, leaves somewhat rigid, thickish, obtuse, lanceolate to lanceolate falcate, shortly petiolate, veins moderately distinct, 6 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad, somewhat glaucous. Stem smooth, pale purple-brown.

E. hæmastoma, leaves oblong to broad-lanceolate, all more or less shortly petiolate, thick veins somewhat obscure, 7 to 10 cm. long, 2 to 4 cm. broad (but they may be much broader), slightly glaucous at first, but afterwards changing to a deep olive green, the midrib either yellowish or a dull purple-brown. Stem a dull purple brown.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. micrantha.

1st leaves ovate, petioles short, undersurface paler green; later ovate-lanceolate and lanceolate, petioles short (Grattai).

1st leaves ovate or narrower, undersurface pale glaucous green, with a purple shade, edged with red. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, red edge, although in the alternate stage, each pair of leaves is strictly at right angles to the former pair (Grattai, No. 2).

1st leaves small, ovate (Pilliga).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface paler green. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, with a bluish white bloom (Narrabri).

E. hæmastoma.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface deep puce (Hornsby).

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface purple tint. 1st alternate leaves large, lanceolate (or ovate-lanceolate), thick, stiff, undersurface slightly paler, edges yellow-brown. Intramarginal vein very near edge of leaf (Berowra).

3k.—Intermediate rigid Series

(Intermediate between Nos. 9 and 12.

E. stricta.   E. obtusiflora.  
E. fraxinoides.  

General Appearance.—Leaves at first oblong-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, venation almost parallel, firm, then changing to lanceolate, rigid, yellowish green, slightly tinged glaucous. Stems usually a deep purple-brown.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. stricta, long.

E. obtusiflora, medium to long.

E. fraxinoides, medium to long.

  ― 229 ―

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. stricta, terete, red.

E. obtusiflora, terete, red, tall; terete, wiry, red; terete, tinted red.

E. fraxinoides, terete, smooth, ribbed, dark red (Monga); terete, red (State Forest 577: also Nerriga).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. stricta, medium, tapering, slightly trinerved.

E. obtusiflora, medium, tapering, trinerved.

E. fraxinoides, medium, tapering.

(2a) Undersurface (Miss Flockton).

E. stricta, crimson; deep purple-red.

E. obtusiflora, mauve; puce; purple-red.

E. fraxinoides, deep purple red; tinted red; crimson.

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. stricta, terete, crimson with stellate protuberances (King's Tableland); terete, red, with prominent glands (Blackheath).

E. obtusiflora, terete, shaded puce, covered with stellate glands (The Spit).

E. fraxinoides, red, a little flattened, with small warty glands (Rocks, Nerriga).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. stricta, short, oblong to lanceolate, glabrous.

E. obtusiflora, short, oblong, glabrous, rachis glandular.

E. fraxinoides, short, lanceolate, glabrous, rachis minutely glandular.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. stricta, two, short.

E. obtusiflora, two, short.

E. fraxinoides, three or more, short.

(5a) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Shape, vestiture).

E. stricta, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. obtusiflora, lanceolate, minutely denticulate, the stem glandular.

E. fraxinoides, lanceolate, slightly denticulate the stem glandular.

  ― 230 ―

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. stricta. Leaves lanceolate, rigid, obscurely veined, light yellowish green, 7–9 cm. long, 12–15 mm. broad, petiole short. Stem a dull purple-brown, shaded yellowish green. (Wentworth Falls, A. A. Hamilton.)

E. obtusiflora. Leaves lanceolate, thick and rigid, light green with a tinge of glaucousness, and also shaded a pale yellowish green, 7–10 cm. long, 1–2 cm. broad; shortly petiolate. Stem a dull purple-brown. (The Spit, W. F. Blakely and J. L. Boorman.)

E. fraxinoides. Leaves oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, scarcely rigid, veins somewhat prominent, dark green shading to yellowish green with a glaucous tinge, 9 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad; petiole medium. Stem glandular verrucose, a rich purple brown. (State Forest 577, R. C. Blacket.)

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. stricta.

1st leaves ovate, ovate lanceolate, colour rich dark green, undersurface deep red (Blackheath, No. 1).

1st leaves ovate, very shortly petiolate; undersurface purple shade. Later, ovate sessile, lanceolate; undersurface with some purple (Blackheath No. 2).

1st leaves ovate, sessile or nearly so; stellate glands on the edges and midrib; undersurface crimson-purple (King's Tableland).

E. obtusiflora.

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, sometimes sessile. About the third pair, small stellate glands on the edges of these; undersurface puce (The Spit).

1st leaves sessile or nearly so, decussate, undersurface purple red (Manly).

E. fraxinoides.

1st leaves ovate, sessile, with stellate hairs on midrib and edges; undersurface deep purple-red (Sugarloaf).

1st leaves stem-clasping, oblong, but narrower at the base. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, edges red, glaucous, the undersurface slightly paler (Rocks, Nerriga).

1st leaves ovate, lanceolate stem-clasping, narrowing at the base, undersurface pale green. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, pedunculate, undersurface pale green (Nerriga).

3m.—Narrow, rigid Series

E. nitida.   E. approximans.  
E. Mitchelliana.   E. Kybeanensis.  
E. apiculata.  

General Appearance.—Leaves at first small, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, very shortly petiolate, venation more or less parallel, firm, then changing to narrow-lanceolate rigid, shortly petiolate, varying from slightly glaucous to olive-green. Stems purple-brown, sometimes shading into very pale yellowish-green.

  ― 231 ―

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. nitida, medium.

E. Mitchelliana, short, smooth.

E. apiculata

E. approximans medium.

E. Kybeanensis.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. nitida, short, red (Tasmania).

E. Mitchelliana, erect, terete, red, glabrous, up to 2·3 cm. long (original description); short, terete, pink (Mount Buffalo).

E. apiculata, inclined to be angular, red (Berrima).

E. approximans, terete, smooth, red-brown. Tapering into the root, slightly angular, purple (Barren Mountain).

E. Kybeanensis, terete, red (Kybean).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. nitida, short, tapering.

E. Mitchelliana, short, tapering.

E. apiculata, medium, slightly tapering.

E. approximans, medium, tapering.

E. Kybeanensis, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. nitida, sometimes tinted red (Tasmania).

E. Mitchelliana, pink or tinted red (two sowings).

E. apiculata, deep purple red.

E. approximans, red, purple (two sowings).

E. Kybeanensis, purple.

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. nitida, terete, becoming angular, covered with large, transparent, warty glands (Mount Bischoff).

E. apiculata, crimson, thickly covered with small, stellate, glandular warts or processes (Berrima).

E. approximans, a little flattened tinted red, and covered with warty glands, papillose or slightly stellate (first sowing). Shade of purple, tubular, covered with glandular warts (second sowing).

E. Kybeanensis, terete, shaded red, covered with prominent glands and scaly (Kybean).

  ― 232 ―

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. nitida, very short, linear-oblong, smallest of the four.

E. Mitchelliana, very short, narrow-lanceolate, slightly glandular.

E. apiculata, very short, linear-oblong, glabrous.

E. approximans, short, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Kybeanensis, medium, lanceolate, but smaller than in approximans; glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. nitida, three, shortly petiolate.

E. Mitchelliana, four or more, very short.

E. apiculata, two, very short.

E. approximans, three, very short, upper rachis slightly glandular.

E. Kybeanensis, two or more, short.

(5a) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Shape, vestiture).

E. nitida, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Mitchelliana, narrow-lanceolate, rachis glandular.

E. apiculata, linear-oblong to narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. approximans, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Kybeanensis, lanceolate, slightly obtuse, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. nitida, leaves narrow, lanceolate, somewhat rigid and very acute, shortly petiolate, 5 cm. long, 7 mm. broad, light green, shaded yellowish-green. Stem purple-brown (Mount Bischoff, Tasmania, R. H. Cambage).

E. Mitchelliana, leaves narrow-lanceolate, semi-rigid, ending in a long acuminate point; petiole short to medium, glaucous, shaded with light green, 5–8 cm. long, 8–13 mm. broad. Stem a dull purple-brown, shaded green (Mount Buffalo, R. H. Cambage).

E. apiculata, leaves narrow-lanceolate to acuminate-lanceolate, semi-rigid, the lamina slightly upturned from the midrib, light green with a slight glaucous tinge, which changes to a very pale yellowish-green; 9–10 cm. long, 10–14 mm. broad; petiole very short. Stem flexuose, a dull purple-brown (Berrima, J. L. Boorman).

E. approximans, leaves long and narrow, lanceolate, semi-rigid, pale green with a very faint tinge of glaucousness; 7 cm. long, 5–7 mm. broad; petiole very short. Stem a very full purple-brown (Barren Mountain, Dorrigo, J. L. Boorman).

E. Kybeanensis, leaves oblong-lanceolate to acuminate-lanceolate, rigid, dark green shaded yellowish-green, 5–9 cm. long, 7–10 mm. broad; petiole very short. Stem slightly flexuose, yellowish-brown. (Kybean, R. H. Cambage).

The venation of this group is very obscure; the median nerves appear to be much depressed above, and slightly prominent beneath.

  ― 233 ―

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. nitida.

1st leaves narrow-ovate, or oblong, sessile. 1st alternate leaves narrow-lanceolate, petioles short, venation indistinct, the same colour on both sides (Mount Bischoff).

E. Mitchelliana.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate. Leaves at 7½ inches, alternate, lanceolate, shortly petiolate (Mount Buffalo).

E. apiculata.

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface red, a few glands on the edges. In some plants, the first two or three pairs of leaves are quite sessile (Berrima).

E. approximans.

1st leaves ovate, petioles short, undersurface tinted red, sometimes a few glands on the edges. 1st alternate leaves narrow-lanceolate (Barren Mountain).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves linear-lanceolate (second sowing).

E. Kybeanensis.

1st leaves narrow-ovate, inclined to be spathulate, undersurface dull purple. Leaves later with short thick petiole and sharply pointed tip, ½ inch or less wide and 4¾ inches long. Thick, the same texture and colour on both sides. The midrib channelled on the upper side (Kybean).

3n.—Narrow, longitudinal Series

E. Moorei.   E. vitrea.  

General Appearance.—Leaves at first oblong to elliptical-lanceolate, subglaucous to dark green, sessile. The next stage, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, sessile or very shortly petoilate in E. Moorei, soon alternate in the last species; opposite for an indefinite number of pairs in E. Moorei. Light to dark green. From the early to the approach of the intermediate stage, E. vitrea shows affinity to E. radiata, but the leaves of the former are larger, and even in the opposite stage the venation is more longitudinal than that of E. radiata. It becomes more marked as the plant develops.

In Nos. 3N and 3P (Longitudinal Series), the youngest leaves have not longitudinal venation, but rather a spreading one, sometimes even approaching the reticulate. It is only as growth proceeds, during the intermediate stage, and particularly as the mature stage is reached, that the longitudinal venation becomes unmistakable.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Moorei, medium to long, smooth.

E. vitrea, medium, smooth.

  ― 234 ―

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Moorei, red (Currockbilly Mountain); terete, weak, red (Mount Victoria); terete, red (Mongarlowe).

E. vitrea, short, terete, punk, the epicotyl with stellate glandular processes (Penola); terete, red (Berrima and Wingello).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Moorei, short, tapering.

E. vitrea, medium, tapering, trinerved.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Moorei, tinted reddish purple (Currockbilly Mountain); slight purple tint (Mount Victoria); green (Mongarlowe).

E. vitrea, dull green (Penola); purplish-red, variable in tint (Berrima); purple tint (Wingello).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Moorei, round, covered with prominent warty glands (Currockbilly Mountain); terete, shaded red, prominent glands, stellate (Mongarlowe).

E. vitrea, epicotyl terete, red, thickly covered with glands, later becoming smooth (Wingello).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Moorei, very short, narrow-lanceolate, slightly glandular.

E. vitrea, very short, linear-oblong, slightly glandular.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Moorei, five or more, shortly petiolate, narrow-lanceolate to elliptical, changing to oblong-lanceolate, veins semi-longitudinal, glabrous. Stem minutely glandular (Mount Victoria, Boorman).

E. vitrea, twelve or more, sessile to very shortly petiolate, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate-acuminate, the lamina upturned, undulate, changing to rigid lanceolate as the plant develops, veins prominent, semi-longitudinal, glabrous. Stem minutely glandular (Wingello, Boorman).

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Moorei, leaves oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, subrigid, acute, shortly petiolate, veins obscure, somewhat longitudinal, the intramarginal vein distant from the edge in the larger leaves, say, at 3 feet, when they get narrower. Olive-green, the tips slightly tinged with dull purple-brown. Stem glandular, a ruddy purple-brown (Mount Victoria, Boorman).

  ― 235 ―

E. vitrea, intermediate leaves not seen. It is still opposite at 16½ inches.

The opposite character of the leaves is continued to a much greater period in E. vitrea than in E. Moorei. In the latter they appear to extend up to about 10 inches, and in the former to over 16 inches.

E. vitrea shows a marked affinity to E. radiata in the shape of its leaves, and to a limited extent in the venation. Stem more or less glandular, a very pale purple-brown, shaded pink. (Wingello, Boorman).

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Moorei.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface pale opaque-green. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, venation scanty (Currockbilly Mountain).

1st leaves very small, lanceolate (Mount Victoria).

1st leaves narrow-ovate to ovate, undersurface paler green, petioles short (Mongarlowe).

E. vitrea.

1st leaves linear.

1st leaves lanceolate, obtuse, undersurface purple tinted. Leaves first two pairs shortly petiolate, afterwards sessile and stem-clasping. Later lanceolate and stem-clasping, undersurface paler green (Wingello).

3p.—Broad Longitudinal Series

E. coriacea.   E. de Beuzevillei.  
E. niphophila.   E. stellulata.  

General Appearance.—Leaves all broad, ranging from oblong, elliptical to cordate, shortly petiolate to sessile, usually firm, somewhat thick, with more or less prominent veins; glaucous throughout, shaded yellowish-green in E. coriacea and E. stellulata. Stems terete, pale purple-brown to deep purple-brown. In the more advanced stages E. de Beuzevillei and E. stellulata are considerably broader than E. coriacea. The former show affinity to E. alpina in the broad, thick oblique leaves, and to E. Simmondsii, especially, in the opposite and shortly petiolate character of the leaves.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. coriacea, medium to long, smooth.

E. de Beuzevillei, long, smooth.

E. stellulata, medium, smooth.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. coriacea, terete, red (Monga); terete, red (Grose Valley, Cooma); crimson, tapering into the root (Wingello).

  ― 236 ―

E. niphophila, somewhat angular, red (Mount Currockbilly).

E. de Beuzevillei, terete, red (Jounama Peaks).

E. stellulata, terete, red, spindly (Wallerawang); terete, red, slight but straight (Wingello); very short, red (Hargraves).

(2) Cotyledons) (Petiole and taper).

E. coriacea, medium, tapering.

E. de Beuzevillei, medium, tapering.

E. stellulata, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. coriacea, sometimes tinted pink (Monga); purple (Wingello).

E. niphophila, green, or a slight tint of purple (Currockbilly).

E. de Beuzevillei, dark red (Jounama Peaks).

E. stellulata, pale green (Wallerawang); sometimes green, sometimes purple (Wingello); purple (Hargreaves).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. coriacea, terete, pale green shaded pink, covered with prominent glands (Monga); terete, red, closely covered with small glandular warts (Wingello).

E. niphophila, terete, shaded pink, covered with small glands (Currockbilly).

E. stellulata, after the hypocotyl covered with glandular stellate processes (Hargraves); crimson (Marulan).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. coriacea, very short, elliptical to oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. de Beuzevillei, very short, narrow-lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, minutely glandular.

E. stellulata, short, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, petiole).

E. coriacea, three or more, very short.

E. de Beuzevillei, four or more, short.

E. stellulata, five or more. In one specimen they are still opposite at 21 inches; short.

  ― 237 ―

(5a) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Shape, vestiture).

E. coriacea, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. de Beuzevillei, oblong-lanceolate to cordate; rachis slightly glandular.

E. stellulata, broadly elliptical, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. coriacea, leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate, rigid, thick, more or less prominently veined, usually terminating in a strong mucro glaucous, shading to yellowish-green, 8 cm. long, 3 cm. broad, very shortly petiolate; stem terete, purple-brown (Braidwood).

E. de Beuzevillei, leaves obliquely ovate to lanceolate, thick, mucronate, prominently veined, glaucous, shaded very pale yellowish-green: Petioles medium, thick, yellowish-green tinged with purple-brown; at 17 inches 10·5 cm. long, 5 cm. broad. Stem terete, green (Jounama Peaks).

E. stellulata, leaves broadly ovate, shortly petiolate, mucronate, slightly glaucous, shaded yellowish-green; veins more or less prominent, curved longitudinally, or the two lower veins almost reaching to the apex; the intramarginal vein somewhat distant from the edge. At 34 inches, 7 cm. long, 4·5 cm. broad, midrib yellowish, the same colour passing into the semi-compressed petiole. At this stage the petiole is still very short. Stem slightly compressed, a dull purple-brown shaded yellowish-green (Hargraves).

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. coriacea.

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, undersurface pale whitish-green, sometimes tinted purple. Leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate, petioles short, undersurface pale (Monga).

1st leaves ovate. Leaves still opposite, almost sessile, narrow ovate (Cooma).

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, undersurface purple. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, undersurface a little paler. Red petiole, later becoming a blue glaucous colour (Wingello).

E. niphophila.

1st leaves ovate, short pedicel, undersurface slight purple tint. Leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate, short petioles, undersurface pale, still opposite at 10 inches high. (Currockbilly).

E. stellulata.

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, sometimes a little undulate. Leaves, fourth pair almost orbicular, sessile, edges and midrib red, decussate, undersurface pale (Wingello).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface green, stellate glands on the midribs and edges of the young growth. The first leaves are pedunculate, the third pair cordate and sessile (Hargraves).

1st leaves ovate-acute (Marulan).

  ― 238 ―


The description of no species can be considered entirely satisfactory unless all parts of the plant have been ascertained. There is a good deal of work yet to be done in this direction. This should be systematically followed up, although, owing to the great distances in Australia, we may have to wait a long time for the material.

Inclusion in the list does not necessarily mean that I have no specimens of the organ asked for, but that I want better or more characteristic ones than shown in the drawings.


Attention is invited to the above. Trees deemed to be characteristic should be chosen, and notes made when actually standing in front of the tree.


At Part L, p. 320, I have recommended combination of study of the bark with that of size and habit of the species, and also of the timber at the same time. See Part LI for the best account of the barks I know, but of some of the species mentioned our knowledge is defective, while of the barks of some we know little or nothing. See remarks under Rhytiphloiæ (p. 41), for example.


My latest classification of timbers will be found at Part LIII. Of many we know little or nothing, partly because a botanist has usually no opportunity of cutting a piece of timber from a tree from which he has herbarium specimens, and, even if he had, the difficulty of transport often arises. It is also a matter of history that collections of timbers to match herbarium specimens are apt to disappear, and that is why I formed, de novo, the collection of timbers in the Technological Museum, and, later, the collection of smaller pieces in the Botanic Gardens Herbarium and Museum.

Of the timbers of E. pruinosa and E. Shirleyi I know nothing; the latter species has been disentangled from the former, and it is reasonable to suppose that a knowledge of the timbers would make the relations of the two species clearer. These examples are merely illustrative, as I want to emphasise the point that botanists should collect the timbers with bark on just as they do the twigs bearing flowers or fruits.

  ― 239 ―


(What we want is the earliest stage of the juvenile leaf. The inclusion of the present large list does not mean that we have not juvenile leaves of most of the species, but it emphasises the point, stressed at Part LVI, p. 281, that the juvenile leaf is ideal, and many of our specimens do not attain to it.)

E. Abergiana. (Very little material  E. Griffithsii.  
of any kind extant.)  E. grossa.  
E. adjuncta.   E. Herbertiana.  
E. angulosa.   E. Howittiana.  
E. angusta (rigidula).  E. hybrida.  
E. annulata.   E. intertexta.  
E. argillacea.   E. Isingiana.  
E. Boormani.   E. Jutsoni  
E. brachyandra.   E. Kybeanensis.  
E. Brownii.   E. Lane-Poolei.  
E. cæsia.   E. Laseroni.  
E. calycogona.   E. lirata.  
E. Campaspe.   E. micranthera.  
E. Cliftoniana.   E. Mundijongensis.  
E. coccifera.   E. notabilis.  
E. collina.   E. Nowraensis.  
E. Comitæ-Vallis.   E. Oldfieldii.  
E. confluens.   E. orbifolia.  
E. corrugata.   E. pachyphylla.  
E. crucis.   E. pallidifolia.  
E. Culleni.   E. Parramattensis.  
E. decorticans.   E. patellaris.  
E. diptera.   E. phænicea.  
E. doratoxylon. (Are the flowering specimens  E. Pimpiniana.  
on the mature leaves?)  E. ptychocarpa.  
E. Dundasi.   E. pyriformis. (At an earlier stage.) 
E. Ebbanoensis.   E. pyriformis var. Kingsmilli (E. Kingsmilli). 
E. eremophila.  
E. falcata.   E. Rudderi.  
E. fæcunda and loxophleba. (Are they  E. salmonophloia.  
really different species?)  E. salubris.  
E. Forrestiana.   E. sepulcralis.  
E. fraxinoides.   E. Shiressii.  
E. gomphocaphala. (Desired at an  E. Stowardi.  
earlier stage, and the same remark  E. tetraptera. (At an earlier stage.) 
may be made of many species  E. Umbrawarrensis.  
in this list.)  E. Watsoniana.  
E. goniantha.   E. Woodwardi.  
E. grandis.  

  ― 240 ―


E. Kruseana and E. orbifolia are given as examples. Of all species of which leanceolate leaves are unknown or sparingly known, it is desirable to be on the lookout for such. The matter has been stressed at Part LXVII, p. 353.


E. Cliftoniana.   E. Isingiana.  
E. collina.   E. lirata.  
E. confluens.   E. longifolia var. multiflora.  
E. diptera.   E. Shirleyi.  
E. Dundasi.   E. Umbrawarrensis.  

Bursting buds are desired if possible, as these give the only definite shape of the bud, and also render fully developed anthers available. In some species it is true we have buds, but so immature as to fail to be characteristic.


(Ripe fruits are already known in most cases, but as seeds are wanted in all cases, it seems desirable to send the fruits.)

E. Abergiana.   E. Jutsoni (fruits unknown). 
E. adjuncta.   E. micranthera  
E. annulata.   E. orbifolia  
E. aspera.   E. pachyphylla.  
E. brachyandra.   E. papuana.  
E. clavigera.   E. patellaris.  
E. Cliftoniana.   E. peltata.  
E. confluens.   E. perfoliata.  
E. cordata.   E. phænicea.  
E. eremophila.   E. Pimpiniana.  
E. ferruginea.   E. ptychocarpa.  
E. gamophylla.   E. pyrophora.  
E. grandifolia.   E. Spenceriana.  
E. Howittiana.  

  ― 241 ―

Explanation of Coloured Plates

Plate 5

Coloured plate 5: E. CITRIODORA Hook., Figs. 30, 31. E. TRACHYPHLOIA F.v.M. Figs. 34-36. [See also Plates 4 and 268, Figs. 28a, 28b.] E. EUDESMIOIDES R.Br., Figs. 40, 40a. E. TETRADONTA F.v.M., Figs. 41-42a, (41a magnified). E. SPENCERIANA Maiden, Figs. 43-45.

E. citriodora Hook.

  • 30. (Ref. No. X125). Emu Park, Queensland (Andrew Murphy, 15th January, 1918). A young seedling, showing the slender hypocotyl, cotyledons, and the ovate, setose, non-peltate and peltate leaves. Sown 22nd January, 1918; drawn, 28th Febrluary, 1918.
  • 31. Portion of the same plant, 7½ inches high, showing the lanceolate, peltate leaves. Drawn 14th November, 1918.
  • Seen 23rd December, 1919, height 20½ inches. Leaves 4½ inches long, still peltate and unchanged from drawing of 14th November, 1918.

E. trachyphloia F.v.M.

(See also Plate 4, fig. 37.)

  • 34a. (Ref. No. A 1.) Gungal, near Merriwa (J. L. Boorman, November, 1914). A seedling 2 inches high showing the hypocotyl, rather small cotyledons, and six ovate, petiolate leaves. Sown 11th March, 1915; drawn 11th May, 1915.
  • 34. (Ref. No. 15–812). Beta, Queensland (J. L. Boorman, August, 1912). Tip of a plant 2 feet 6 inches high, showing the purple-brown seta on the stem, and also on the lanceolate, peltate leaves, one of which is 10 cm. long and 2 cm. broad. The leaves are paler on the undersurface than on the upper surface. Sown 19th August, 1912; drawn 12th March, 1914.
  • 35. (Ref. No. 16–812.) Bundaberg, Queensland (J. L. Boorman, July, 1912). Upper portion of a seedling 12 inches high, showing the setose stem and the alternate, narrow lanceolate, peltate leaves. Sown 16th August, 1912; drawn 18th April, 1913.
  • 35a. Portion of leaf of the same plant, showing the back and the slightly revolute margins.
  • 36. Same particulars as 35. Showing a young seedling, with two rather large cotyledons and the first pair of leaves. Sown 16th August, 1912; drawn 17th October, 1912.

E. eudesmioides R.Br.

  • 40a. (Ref. No. B 10.) Minginew, Western Australia (J. H. Maiden, 1909). A young seedling in the first stage, showing the slender, highly coloured hypocotyl and cotyledons. Sown 23rd December, 1914; drawn 12th January, 1915.
  • 40. The same plant at 6½ inches high, still showing the cotyledons with the elongated petioles, the broad, crinkled, slightly setose, opposite, ovate leaves, of which four pairs are opposite.

E. tetrodonta F.v.M.

  • 41a. (Ref. No. 1004.) Port Darwin, Botanic Gardens, February, 1905. A seedling in the early stages, showing the long, smooth, green hypocotyl, the broad cotyledons, and the first pair of leaves. Sown 3rd February, 1905; drawn 6th March, 1905.

  •   ― 242 ―
  • 41. Same particulars as 41a. A seedling from the same sowing in a more advanced stage than 41a, showing the first and subsequent pairs of linear oblong, slightly dentate leaves.
  • 41. A leaf of 41 magnified to show the minute dentate, setose denticulations along the margins, and a little seta on the stem.
  • 42a. (Ref. No. 112 H.H.) Darwin, Northern Territory (C. E. F. Allen). A more delicate seedling than 41a. Sown 3rd February, 1920; drawn 8th March, 1920.
  • 42. Same particulars as 42a, but resown during 1921. Showing a seedling 4 inches high, with the cotyledons still attached and five pairs of narrow lanceolate, petiolate leaves.

E. Spenceriana Maiden.

  • 43. (Ref. No. 448). Stapleton, Northern Territory (G. F. Hill, 2nd October, 1916). A seedling showing the submerged hypocotyl, cotyledons and two pairs of leaves. Sown 13th December, 1917; drawn 16th January, 1918.
  • 44. (Same particulars as 43.) A more advanced seedling, with three pairs of opposite, linear leaves. Drawn 28th January, 1918.
  • 45. (Same particulars as above.) A young seedling, 3 inches high, with the cotyledons still attached and showing seven pairs of opposite, linear, lanceolate leaves and two alternate leaves. Drawn 14th March, 1918.

Plate 6

Coloured plate 6: E. AMYGDALINA Labill., Figs. 51-53. E. RADIATA Sieb., Figs. 54, 54a. E. NUMEROSA Maiden, Figs. 55-57a. E. SMITHII R. T. Baker, Fig. 58. E. DIVES Schau., Figs. 59-61.

E. amygdalina Labill.

  • 51. (Ref. No. 203.) Hobart, Tasmania (L. Rodway, December, 1917). Young seedlings, showing the rather long filiform hypocotyl, broadish cotyledons, and the first pair of leaves in a rudimentary state. Sown 7th May, 1918; drawn 19th June, 1918.
  • 52. One of the above seedlings, 3½ inches high, with the cotyledons still attached, and five pairs of opposite shortly petiolate to sessile leaves and the glandular internodes. Drawn 14th October, 1917.
  • 53. Portion of the same plant at 19½ inches high, showing the lower pair of leaves still opposite, while the upper five pairs are alternate and still sessile. Drawn 24th November, 1919.

E. radiata Sieb.

  • 54a. (Ref. No. A 71.) Mount Wilson, N.S.W. (J.H.M., September, 1914). A seedling about 1 inch high, showing the abbreviated hypocotyl, small cotyledons, the very narrow first pair of leaves, and the broader subsequent pairs. Sown 26th March, 1915; drawn 13th September, 1915.
  • 54. Upper portion of a plant 9½ inches high, from the same locality as 54a, collected January, 1902, showing the long, narrow-lanceolate, shortly petiolate opposite leaves and the branching habit. Sown 11th March, 1915; drawn 20th January, 1916.

E. numerosa Sieb.

  • 55. (Ref. No. 57.) Bent's Basin, Nepean River (J. L. Boorman and E. Cheel, 1913). A seedling about 1 inch high, with a rather long hypocotyl, with the cotyledons attached, and the first pair of leaves well developed. Sown 22nd September, 1913; drawn 12th November, 1913.

  •   ― 243 ―
  • 56. The same plant as 55 at 3½ inches high, showing the arrangement of the leaves, all growing in the same plane, except the second pair. It will be noted that the lower pair are petiolate, while the four upper pairs are closely sessile and slightly channelled. Drawn 21st January, 1914. The same plant seen at 33 inches high was still in the opposite-leaved stage, with the leaves as depicted in fig. 56.
  • 57. (Ref. No. A 4.) Cobbity Bridge (J.H.M., 28th November, 1914). A seedling 4 inches high, with the cotyledons still attached, and with four pairs of opposite leaves, and the upper internode slightly glandular. Sown 30th November, 1914; drawn 16th February, 1915.
  • 57a. The same as 57, but in the earlier stage. Sown 30th November, 1914; drawn 14th January, 1915.

E. Smithii R. T. Baker.

  • 58. (Ref. No. A 30.) Wingello, N.S.W. (J. L. Boorman, 1913). The upper portion of a plant 6½ inches high, showing the glaucous character, the opposite, sessile, lanceolate leaves, and the slightly glandular internodes. Although it is a member of the Bilobæ, it shows a striking affinity to three of the Reniformæ on the same plate. The anthers of E. Smithii are also different from those of E. amygdalina, E. numerosa, and E. radiata. Sown 3rd December, 1914; drawn 1st March, 1915.

E. dives Schau.

  • 59. (Ref. No. B 85). Cooma, N.S.W. (J. L. Boorman, December, 1914). Two seedlings, showing the slender hypocotyl and the cotyledons. Sown 13th October, 1915; drawn 15th November, 1915.
  • 60. One of the above plants about 3 inches high, showing the elongated hypocotyl, cotyledons, and three pairs of broadish, shortly petiolate leaves. Drawn 13th January, 1916.
  • 61. (Ref. No. X 73.) Wingello, N.S.W. (A. Murphy). Tip of a plant 25 inches high, showing the broad, opposite, sessile leaves, and the glaucous character of the young plant. Drawn 14th January, 1920.

Plate 7

Coloured plate 7: E. NICHOLI Maiden and Blakely, Figs. 62-64. E. FRUTICETORUM F.v.M., Figs. 65-69. E. CREBRA F.v.M., Figs. 70-74. E. SIDEROXYLON A. Cunn., Figs. 75-77.

E. Nicholi Maiden and Blakely.

  • 62. (Ref. No. B 76.) 18 miles west of Walcha, N.S.W. (R. H. Cambage, 19th March, 1913). Seedling with one pair of cotyledon leaves and three pairs of opposite linear first leaves (one of the middle pair dropped off). Sown 11th March, 1915; drawn 22nd April, 1915.
  • 63. (Same particulars as No. 62, but drawn 3rd June, 1915.) Seedling with cotyledon leaves dropped off, and eight pairs of opposite first leaves varying from linear to almost linear ob-lanceolate.
  • 64. (Same particulars as No. 62, but drawn 27th January, 1916.) Seedling, neither hypocotyl nor ground-line shown. The first leaves elongated, all linear or nearly so. All alternate, eleven on one side of the rachis, and fourteen on the other, two or three of the leaves having fallen off.

E. fruticetorum F.v.M.

  • 65. (Ref. No. X 23.) Wyalong, N.S.W. (R. H. Cambage, 2nd December, 1917). Seedling, with two cotyledon leaves and two pairs of very young, opposite, very shortly petiolate, ob-lanceolate leaves. Sown 12th December, 1917; drawn 7th February, 1918.

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The same seedling (8 cm. high) drawn 14th June, 1918, has the scars of a pair of cotyledon leaves and the first pair of seedling leaves. Then we have two more pairs of opposite first leaves and five pairs of alternate ones, more or less opposite.

A more robust seedling (16 cm. high) drawn on the same day as that referred to in the previous paragraph, has all the parts correspondingly enlarged.

Seen again on 27th January, 1920, this seedling was 2 ft. 2½ inches high, when it was identical with a photograph of X 23 and also X 151.

  • 66. (Ref. No. X 47.) Wyalong, N.S.W. (J. L. Boorman, November, 1917). Seedling with one pair of cotyledon leaves, then six pairs of opposite, narrow-lanceolate leaves, the bases tapering into short petioles, then three smaller, young alternate leaves. Sown 15th December, 1917; drawn 25th March, 1918.
  • 67. (Particulars the same as No. 65, except drawn 17th October, 1918.) An alternate, intermediate, lanceolate leaf, taken from a seedling 9½ inches in height.
  • 68. (Ref. No. 1 B.) (Same particulars as No. 66, except sown 28th November, 1917, and drawn 27th January, 1920. This large, lanceolate, intermediate leaf was drawn 4 inches from the top of a seedling whose height was 1 ft. 11 in. As a seedling No. 68 agreed throughout with X 47. On 15th April, 1919, it was 1 ft. 3 in. high.

Seedlings bearing the reference numbers 1 B, X 23 and X 47 were from time to time compared, and found to be practically identical.

  • 69. (Same particulars as No. 66, except that it was drawn 16th April, 1919). Seedling height 15 inches; portion with alternate, mature leaves.

No. 69 was seen on 27th January, 1920, when it was 2 ft 1 in. high, and it was not to be distinguished from X 151.

E. crebra F.v.M.

  • 70. (Ref. No. 75 H.H.) Eidsvold, Queensland (Dr. T. L. Bancroft, 10th March, 1919). Two seedlings, showing hypocotyls and cotyledon leaves. Sown 5th May, 1919; drawn 27th May, 1919.
  • 70a. (Ref. No. A 5.) Theresa Park to Werombi, Camden district, N.S.W. (J.H.M.). Seedling with pair of cotyledon leaves and two pairs of first leaves, the undersides of all of which are purple. Sown 30th November, 1914; drawn 4th January, 1915.

Other sowings of 70a agree with the seedlings of 71a (Ref. Nos. A 54 and A 77).

  • 71. Same particulars as No. 70. Seedling with one pair of cotyledon leaves and three pairs of opposite petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, first leaves. Drawn 6th August, 1919.

Another seedling, with same particulars as No. 71, is more robust, is 6 cm. high, has four pairs of broader leaves and larger cotyledon leaves.

  • 71a. Murrumbidgerie, Western N.S.W. (Andrew Murphy, 1903). Sown 6th June, 1905; drawn 15th September, 1905. On 9th November, 1905, this seedling was 20 cm. high, with a deep purple shade (not observed in the younger plants) on the undersides of the leaves.
  • 72. Same particulars as preceding, except that it was drawn on 4th September, 1919, and was in vigorous growth, with leaves 5 cm. long and height 1 dm.

  •   ― 245 ―
  • 73. Same particulars as the preceding. Broadish leaf, 14 cm. long. Drawn 24th December, 1919, taken 7 inches from the ground-line from a plant 10 inches high.
  • 74. Same particulars as the preceding. Leaf narrower than the preceding, 13 cm. long. Drawn 15th December, 1920 (? 1919), taken 1 foot from the ground line, from a plant 1 ft. 7 inches high.

E. sideroxylon A. Cunn.

  • 75. (Ref. No. X 101.) Merindee, N.S.W. (Andrew Murphy, 21st January, 1918). Seedling with two cotyledon leaves and four pairs of petiolate lanceolate first leaves. Sown 22nd January, 1918; drawn 23rd April, 1918.
  • 75a. (Ref. No. 1003). Stuart Town, Western N.S.W. (Andrew Murphy, 1903). Seedling with one pair of cotyledon leaves and two pairs of petiolate lanceolate leaves; deep purple shade on the undersides. Sown 5th February, 1904; drawn 29th March, 1904.
  • 76. Same particulars as No. 75. Upper portion of seedling drawn 4th November, 1918, from a plant 10½ inches high.
  • 77. Same particulars as No. 75. Leaf drawn 28th April, 1920, from a seedling 2 ft. 2 in. high.

Plate 8

Coloured plate 8: E. BICOLOR A. Cunn., Figs. 78-80. E. CAMBAGEANA Maiden, Figs. 80a, 80b. E. MICROTHECA F.v.M., Figs. 81-82a. E. MELLIODORA A. Cunn., Figs. 83-84. E. HEMIPHLOIA F.v.M., Figs. 85-87.

E. bicolor A. Cunn.

  • 78. Bourke N.S.W. (J. L. Boorman, February, 1901). Two seedlings in the first stage, showing the cotyledons. Sown 6th June, 1905.
  • 79. Same particulars as No. 78. A more advanced seedling, showing the cotyledons and three pairs of opposite, narrow-lanceolate leaves. Drawn 25th September, 1905.
  • 80. Same particulars as above. A seedling, 5½ inches high, showing 6 pairs of opposite, lanceolate leaves and two lanceolate falcate leaves in the alternate stage. The two lowest pairs are more sessile than the others. Drawn 5th February, 1906.

E. Cambageana Maiden.

  • 80a. (Ref. No. C 1.) Emerald, Queensland, August, 1912. Three seedlings in various stages of development, showing the hypocotyl, cotyledons, first and subsequent pairs of leaves, which range from narrow to broad lanceolate. Sown 4th January, 1915; drawn 8th March, 1915.
  • 80b. Same particulars as 80a. Upper portion of a seedling 9 inches high, showing the broad, somewhat rigid, and more or less venulose, lanceolate leaves. Drawn 5th May, 1915.

E. microtheca F.v.M.

  • 81. Bourke (J. L. Boorman, January, 1902). A seedling, showing the short hypocotyl and two pairs of opposite leaves. Sown 6th June, 1905; drawn 20th September, 1905.
  • 82. Upper portion of 81, at about 9 inches high, showing the lanceolate, slightly glaucous, and somewhat triplinerved alternate leaves. Drawn 9th November, 1905.
  • 82a. (Ref. No. A 15.) Bourke (Andrew Murphy, 1910). Showing a seedling with the cotyledons attached and the first and second pairs of leaves. Sown 3rd December, 1913; drawn 14th January, 1914.

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E. hemiphloia F.v.M.

  • 85. (Ref. No. 6.) Canley Vale, N.S.W. (W. Forsyth, July, 1902). A young seedling, 5 cm. high, showing the cotyledons and three pairs of narrow, opposite leaves. Sown 26th November, 1917; drawn 15th February, 1918.

The same plant was drawn at 7½ inches (not reproduced here), the upper leaves of which are a rich purple brown. The four lower alternate leaves are a rich dark green and broadly lanceolate, with the lower portion of the intramarginal nerves well removed from the edge, varying from 5 to 10 cm. long and 3 to 3½ cm. broad. At 1 ft. 5 in. high it was still unchanged, except that the leaves were slightly broader and longer.

  • 86. (Ref. No. A 3). Teresa Park, N.S.W. (J. H. Maiden). A young seedling, 7 cm. high, with broader leaves than No. 85. Sown 30th November, 1914; drawn 16th February, 1915.
  • 87. Upper portion of No. 86 at 10 inches high, showing the typical intermediate leaves of the species and the purple-brown, slightly flexuose stem. Drawn 14th April, 1915.