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Part 75




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Detailed Description of Seedlings

Division Bilobæ

SERIES.

  • 1. Linear, incurved short; 8 or more pairs opposite
  • 2. Linear-flexuose, long; 4–5 pairs opposite.
  • 3. Linear to narrow-lanceolate; 5–6 pairs opposite. (Allied to No. 2.)
  • 4. Brevi-lanceolate, triplinerved; 4–6 pairs opposite. (Allied to No. 5.)
  • 5. Broad, glaucous, triplinerved; 4–5 pairs opposite.
  • 6. Lanceolate to broad-lanceolate; 4–6 pairs opposite.
  • 7. Peach-tree like, pale green; 6 pairs opposite.
  • 8. Orbicular, petiolate, triplinerved, glaucous; 2–3 pairs opposite.
  • 9. Ovate to broadly-elliptical, venulose; 1–3 pairs opposite.
  • 10. Hypericum-like; 5–6 pairs opposite.
  • 11. Small, oblong to lanceolate, usually obtuse; 1–5 pairs opposite.
  • 12. Glaucous, quadrangular and somewhat rigid. (Affinity to No. 11.)
  • 13. Short, petiolate, small, elliptical to oblong, dark green, glandular; 3–4 pairs opposite.
  • 14. Cordate (small); 4–5 pairs opposite.
  • 15. Perfoliate, glaucous.
  • 16. Sessile to stem-clasping, glaucous or pruinose. Number of pairs indefinite.
  • 17. Sessile, narrow-lanceolate to elliptical, spreading, stem-clasping, number of pairs indefinite.

The characters of the five species of this series are fairly uniform. This series connects with No. 18, but they are not angular.

  • 18. Sessile, lanceolate, quadrangular, glaucous. Number of pairs indefinite.
  • 19. Short, broadish, Hypericum-like (See Series 10); 6–7 pairs or more opposite.
  • 20. Narrow, semi-rigid; 6 pairs at least opposite.
  • 21. Narrow-lanceolate; 4–6 pairs opposite.
  • 22. Narrow-oblong to attenuate lanceolate falcate; 3–6 pairs opposite.
  • 23. Semi-terete to quadrangular, petiolate, elliptical to orbicular; 3–8 pairs opposite.
  • 24. Stems quadrangular.
  • 25. Longifolia (called after a well-known species); 4–5 pairs opposite.
  • 26. Fine parallel venation; 4–6 pairs opposite.



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Series 1.—Linear, incurved, short

E. Nicholi.

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small; eight or more pairs of leaves opposite. The narrowest of the Bilobæ. Resembles the linear phyllode species of Acacia. Leaves dark to light green, some tipped with brown, ranging from linear-spathulate to linear-falcate. Stems yellowish-green to pink.

  • (1) Hypocotyl, length medium.
  • (1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton), terete, wiry, red.
  • (2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper), medium, not tapering.
  • (2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton), tinted pink.
  • (3) Stem (Miss Flockton), terete, red warty glands.
  • (4) 1st Pair of Leaves, petiolate, linear lanceolate, glabrous. (Undersurface, Miss Flockton), pale green.
  • (5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture). Eight (or more), linear-lanceolate, erect, incurved, narrowed into the petiole, glabrous, dark to light green. Venation obscure.
  • (6) Intermediate Leaves, linear-spathulate to linear-lanceolate, semi-rigid, more or less curved, ranging from 2 cm. by 2 mm., to 4 cm. by 2 mm., dark to light green.



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Series 2.—Linear-flexuose, long

E. acacioides. E. fructicetorum.

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small, 4–5 pairs of leaves opposite. Leaves dark to light yellowish-green, shaded purple-brown, ranging from linear-spathulate to linear-lanceolate, and in the last stage of linear-flexuose or linear-falcate. Stems green or pink. It will be observed that these two species are remarkably similar in their seedling characters.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. acacioides Medium to long.

E. fruticetorum

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. acacioides, terete, red (Wyalong XI, and Warialda); terete, spindly, red (Wyalong, 51).

E. fruticetorum, terete, red (Wyalong, X 47); terete, frail, red (Wyalong 1 B and X 23).




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(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. acacioides, short, tapering, emarginate.

E. fruticetorum, short, tapering, emarginate.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. acacioides, green (Wyalong X 1, X 51 and Warialda).

E. fruticetorum, green (Wyalong 47, 1 B, and X 23).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. acacioides, terete, becoming a little angular, glands small (Wyalong X 1); terete, a few glands (Wyalong X 51); angular with protuberant warty glands (Warialda).

E. fruticetorum, angular, with glands (Wyalong 1 B); terete with glands (Wyalong X 23).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. acacioides Petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. fruticetorum

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. acacioides, four, narrow-lanceolate, somewhat rigid, glabrous, dark green.

E. fruticetorum, four, narrow-lanceolate, somewhat rigid, veins more or less distinct, glabrous, dark green to yellowish-green.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. acacioides, linear, slightly flexuose, dark to light green; at 8½ inches (22 cm.), 10 cm. by 3 mm.

E. fruticetorum, narrow-lanceolate, slightly curved to linear oblong, and of a light yellowish-green, changing at 9½ inches (24 cm.) to narrow-lanceolate, 7 by 1 cm.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. acacioides.

1st leaves very small, linear. Leaves long and narrow, inclined to be spathulate (Wyalong 1).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, underside pale green (Wyalong 51).

1st leaves small lanceolate. Leaves alternate, linear, more than 3 inches long, the plant being 8 inches high (Warialda).

E. fruticetorum.

1st leaves small, ovate or lanceolate petiolate. Leaves lanceolate (Wyalong 47).

1st leaves lanceolate, petiolate (Wyalong 1 B).

1st leaves very small ovate, petiolate. Leaves, the lower ones narrow-ovate, later linear, petiolate, undersurface paler green (Wyalong 23).




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Series 3.—Linear to narrow-lanceolate

       
E. Staigeriana.   E. sideroxylon.  
E. decorticans.   E. bicolor.  
E. crebra.   E. microtheca.  
E. Normantonensis.  

General Appearance.—Medium-sized cotyledons, 5–6 pairs of leaves opposite: Slender, virgate. Leaves linear to narrow-lanceolate, green to sub-glaucous, or tinged with red. Veins somewhat prominent. Stems green to pinkish. The three last species are broader than the others in the first stage.

I have not seen seedlings of E. Culleni, but the following description of them is from the pen of Mr. R. H. Cambage. They probably come near E. decorticans and E. crebra:—

Hypocotyl terete, red 3 mm. to 1 cm. long, 1 mm. thick at base, glabrous.

Cotyledons obtusely quadrilateral to reniform, entire, 2·5–3 mm. long, 4–7 mm. broad, upperside green, underside red; petiole 3 mm. long.

Stem brownish-red in lower portion, brownish-green in upper part.

Seedling foliage opposite for about two or three pairs, entire, glabrous, linear; petiole 2–4 mm. First pair 1·6–2·4 cm. long, 1–2 mm. broad, upperside green, underside purple; leaves Nos. five to ten up to 5 cm. long, 2–3 mm. broad.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Staigeriana, short.

E. decorticans, short to long.

E. crebra, medium.

E. sideroxylon, medium.

E. bicolor, medium.

E. microtheca, short to medium.

E. Normantonensis, medium.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. decorticans, red (Eidsvold); terete, red, spindly (second sowing).

E. crebra, red (Murrumbidgee); terete, red (Eidsvold); terete, red, short and slight (Glenbrook); terete, wiry, red (near Dunedoo).

E. sideroxylon, red (Stuart Town); terete, red spindly (Merrindie); terete, reddish-brown, long and spindly (Wallangarra).

E. bicolor, tinted red (Bourke).

E. microtheca, short, smooth red (Bourke); red (second sowing).

E. Normantonensis, terete, shaded pink (Normanton).




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(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Staigeriana, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. decorticans, emarginate, long, tapering.

E. crebra, emarginate, long, tapering.

E. sideroxylon, emarginate, long, tapering.

E. bicolor, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. microtheca, slightly emarginate, medium, tapering.

E. Normantonensis, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Staigeriana, pale green (Cooktown).

E. decorticans, purple (Eidsvold).

E. crebra, red (Murrumbidgee, Eidsvold and Glenbrook); puce (Dunedoo).

E. sideroxylon, crimson (Stuart Town); green (Merrindie); red (Wallangarra).

E. bicolor, pink (Bourke).

E. microtheca, green (Bourke).

E. Normantonensis, green (Normanton).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Staigeriana, with slight pink tint (Cooktown).

E. decorticans, angular, shaded red (Eidsvold).

E. crebra, green, tinted red (Murrumbidgee); getting angular, red, smooth (Eidsvold); slightly angular (second sowing); at first terete, becoming angled red, (Glenbrook).

E. sideroxylon, red (Stuart Town); slightly tinted, red (Minore).

E. bicolor, with scattered oil glands (Bourke).

E. microtheca, shaded red, angular (Bourke).

(4) 1st pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Staigeriana, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

E. decorticans, petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. crebra, E. sideroxylon, E. bicolor, E. microtheca and E. Normantonensis, all as E. decorticans.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Staigeriana eight linear to linear lanceolate, glabrous, light green.

E. decorticans four, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous, light green shaded red.

E. crebra, five, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous, light to yellowish-green.




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E. sideroxylon, four, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous, light to olive green.

E. bicolor, four, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous, slightly glaucous.

E. microtheca, six, narrow-lanceolate, blunt, glabrous, slightly glaucous.

E. Normantonensis, five, narrow-lanceolate, blunt, glabrous, slightly glaucous, venation fine.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Staigeriana, narrow-lanceolate, dark green; at 6 inches (15 cm.), 3 cm. by 5 mm., stem green. Imperfect.

E. decorticans, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, dark green shaded red; at 19½ inches (50 cm.), 8 cm. by 7 mm., stem reddish.

E. crebra, lanceolate, veins somewhat prominent, dark to yellowish green, midrib sometimes reddish; at 8 inches (21 cm.), 8 by 1 cm., stem pink or reddish.

E. sideroxylon, narrow to oblong-lanceolate, light yellowish green; at 10½ inches (27 cm.), 5 cm. by 5 mm.; at 26 inches, 6 by 2 cm. Stem green, shaded red.

E. bicolor, narrow-lanceolate, light glaucous green, shaded yellow; at 12 inches (31 cm.), 7 by 1½ cm., stem green.

E. microtheca, narrow-lanceolate, light glaucous green; at 7 inches (18 cm.), 7 by 1½ cm., stem green.

E. Normantonensis, narrow lanceolate, light glaucous green, tips shaded yellowish green; at 8 inches (21 cm.), 6 by 1½ cm.; at 12 inches, 10 by 1½ cm.; stem green, shaded red.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Staigeriana.

1st leaves narrow linear. lst alternate leaves linear (Cooktown).

E. decorticans.

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface purple shade. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate cr linear (Eidsvold).

1st leaves small, lanceolar, somewhat channelled (Eidsvold), second sowing.

E. crebra.

1st leaves linear, undersurface purple. 1st alternate leaves the same, larger (Murrumbidgee).

1st leaves linear, 1st alternate leaves narrow-lanceolate (Eidsvold).

1st leaves lanceolate; 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, undersurface slightly paler (Eidsvold).

1st leaves small linear or lanceolate, later lanceolate, with red edges and midrib, the young growth with a purple tint on both sides, petiolate, decussate (Glenbrook).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface puce tint (Dunedoo).




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E. sideroxylon.

1st leaves linear or ovate-lanceolate, undersurface purple; 1st alternate leaves linear (Stuart Town).

1st leaves lanceolate, petiolate, decussate. Leaves alternate, narrow-lanceolate, tapering at the base into a petiole. Very slightly paler on the undersurface (Merrindie).

1st leaves small, ovate petiolate (Wallangarra).

1st leaves linear; 1st alternate leaves linear (Minore).

E. bicolor.

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface pale green. 1st alternate leaves the same, but larger (Bourke). Mature leaf very narrow, and 7 inches (18 cm.) long.

E. microtheca.

1st leaves ovate lanceolate (Bourke).

1st leaves ovate or lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate (Bourke, second sowing).

Series 4.—Brevi-lanceolate, triplinerved

           
E. conica.   E. microcarpa.  
E. melliodora.   E. Cambageana.  
E. Raveretiana.   E. ochrophloia.  
E. rariflora.   E. hemiphloia.  
E. populifolia.   E. odorata.  
E. Brownii.   E. Blackburniana.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium, 4–6 pairs of leaves opposite. Leaves light to yellowish green, triplinerved, with somewhat prominent veins, shortly lanceolate to lanceolate, long lanceolate when mature in some species. The intermediate leaves show the triplinerved character more than do the opposite ones. E. hemiphloia has the broadest leaves. Stems terete, smooth, except E. Blackburniana, green to pink or purple-brown. This species and E. odorata are the most glandular.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. conica and E. melliodora, short to medium.

E. Raveretiana, E. populifolia, E. rariflora, and E. Brownii, medium.

E. microcarpa and E. Cambageana, short to long.

E. ochrophloia and E. hemiphloia, long.

E. odorata and E. Blackburniana, short to long.




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(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. conica, short, tinted red (Gulgong); terete, red (Stanthorpe).

E. melliodora, terete, slightly tinted pink (Coonabarabran); terete, light brown (Grattai); red (Dubbo).

E. Raveretiana, thins abruptly into the root, crimson (Rockhampton, No. 1); terete, red (Rockhampton, No. 2).

E. rariflora, short, terete, red (Eidsvold, No. 1); terete, pinkish red (No. 2); terete, short, red (No. 3).

E. populifolia, smooth, red (Coolabah); terete, red (Pilliga).

E. Brownii, terete, red (Reid River).

E. microcarpa, terete, red, wiry (Dundeoo); rather short, pinkish brown (Stuart Town).

E. Cambageana, terete, red (Emerald).

E. ochrophloia, pink (Wanaaring).

E. hemiphloia, terete, red (Wallangarra); terete, red (Canley Vale); smooth, red (Theresa Park).

E. Blackburniana, tapering into the root, crimson (Inglewood, Victoria).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. conica, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. melliodora, E. Raveretiana, E. rariflora, E. populifolia, same as E. conica.

E. Brownii and E. microcarpa, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Cambageana, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. ochrophloia, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. hemiphloia, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. odorata and E. Blackburniana, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. conica, green (Gulgong and Stanthorpe).

E. melliodora, green (Grattai); pink (Dubbo).

E. Raveretiana, purple (Rockhampton.)

E. rariflora, green (Eidsvold).

E. populifolia, green or mauve (Coolabah); green (Pilliga).

E. Brownii, green (Reid River).

E. microcarpa, pink (Dunedoo); purple; still attached to the plant at 6½ inches Stuart Town).

E. Cambageana, green (Emerald).




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E. ochrophloia, green (Wanaaring).

E. hemiphloia, pale green (Wallangarra); green (Canley Vale and Theresa Park).

E. Blackburniana, green (Inglewood, Vic.).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. conica, terete, a little flattened, few glands, red (Gulgong).

E. melliodora, terete, becoming angular, green, shaded pink (Grattai).

E. Raveretiana, slightly angular, crimson (Rockhampton, No. 1), pale green from second leaves, angular. The stem with the alternate leaves is very angular, becoming almost winged (Rockhampton, No. 2).

E. rariflora, terete, red (Eidsvold, No. 1); terete, but becomes angular after the first three pairs of leaves (No. 2); terete, shaded pink (No. 3).

E. populifolia, terete, but getting angular, red, warty glands (Coolabah); getting angular (Pilliga).

E. Brownii, green, getting angular (Reid River).

E. microcarpa, with scattered warty glands (Stuart Town).

E. ochrophloia, becoming deep crimson (Wanaaring).

E. hemiphloia, angular, tinted red (Wallangarra); terete, weak, shaded from pink to green, a few depressed glands (Canley Vale); slightly angular, a few warty glands (Theresa Park).

E. Blackburniana, red, warty oil glands (Inglewood, Vic.).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. conica, E. melliodora, E. Raveretiana, E. rariflora, E. populifolia, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Brownii, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. microcarpa, E. Cambageana and E. ochrophloia, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. hemiphloia, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. odorata and E. Blackburniana, petiolate, lanceolate, rachis glandular.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. conica, four (or more), short-lanceolate, slightly undulate, veins prominent, trinerved, glabrous.

E. melliodora, four, short-lanceolate, obtuse, veins prominent, trinerved, glabrous.

E. Raveretiana, three, short-lanceolate, veins scarcely prominent, trinerved, glabrous.




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E. rariflora, three, short-lanceolate, veins distinct, trinerved, glabrous.

E. populifolia, three to four, short-lanceolate, veins prominent, trinerved, glabrous.

E. Brownii, four (or more), short-lanceolate, veins not prominent, trinerved, glabrous.

E. microcarpa, three to five, short-lanceolate, veins prominent, trinerved, glabrous.

E. Cambageana, three (or more), short-lanceolate, obtuse, veins prominent, trinerved, glabrous.

E. ochrophloia, three, short-lanceolate, obtuse, veins prominent, trinerved, glabrous.

E. hemiphloia, four, short-lanceolate, veins prominent, triplinerved, glabrous.

E. odorata, four, short-lanceolate, obtuse, slightly undulate, veins prominent, trinerved, rachis with few hairs or glands.

E. Blackburniana, four, short-lanceolate, obtuse to acute, some undulate, veins distinct, triplinerved, rachis glandular.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. conica, broad lanceolate, obtuse to long-lanceolate, 4–7 cm. long, venulose, the broad ones usually triplinerved, yellowish green.

(The triplinerved character is caused by the intramarginal nerve being at some distance from the edge.)

E. melliodora, broad-lanceolate, obtuse to sometimes abruptly acute, to long-lanceolate, obtuse, 6–8 cm. long, with thin veins, usually triplinerved, glaucous to yellowish green.

E. Raveretiana, lanceolate, slightly undulate, veins scarcely prominent, usually triplinerved, light to yellowish green, the undersurface sometimes purplish.

E. rariflora, lanceolate to shortly lanceolate, and sometimes orbicular; at 10½ inches (27 cm.), 8½ cm. long, 2½ cm. broad; at 14½ inches, 6½ by 2½ cm., and at 21 inches (53 cm.), 4 by 3 cm., veiny, the broadest triplinerved, dark to yellowish green.

E. populifolia, lanceolate, undulate, strongly veined, trinerved, 4 by 1½ cm. long, olive green.

E. Brownii, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, 7½ by 2½ cm. long, veins scarcely distinct and scarcely trinerved, glaucous to yellowish green.

E. microcarpa, lanceolate, venulose, triplinerved; at 5½ inches (14 cm.). 4 by 1½ cm., and at 16½ inches (42 cm.), 8½ by 2½ cm., light to yellowish green.

E. Cambageana, lanceolate, obtuse, 4 by 1½ cm., veins somewhat distinct, trinerved, light green to yellowish green.




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E. ochrophloia, short lanceolate to lanceolate, venulose, trinerved, ranging from 2½ by 1½ cm. to 8½ by 2½ cm., olive green, shaded purplish to yellowish green.

E. hemiphloia, broad-lanceolate, venulose, slightly undulate, triplinerved; at 7½ inches (19 cm.), 7½ by 3 cm. to 9 by 3 cm., olive to yellowish green. A specimen from Theresa Park, A. 3, at 10 inches (25 cm.), is elliptical-lanceolate, 6 by 4½ cm., venulose, trinerved, light to yellowish green. The Canley Vale specimen at 21½ inches (55 cm.) is oblong-lanceolate, venulose, 14 by 3½ cm., dark green. A specimen from Wallangarra, 74, at 11 inches (28 cm.), is elliptical-lanceolate, venulose, almost triplinerved 10½ by 5½ cm.

E. odorata, short-lanceolate, obtuse, venulose, trinerved, 4 by 2 cm., dark to yellowish green.

E. Blackburniana, almost elliptical-lanceolate, thick, veins not prominent, 3 by 1½ cm., glaucous to yellowish green. A specimen at 6½ inches (17 cm.), narrow lanceolate, trinerved, 6 by 1½ cm., stem glandular.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. conica.

1st leaves linear, undersurface green. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate and lanceolate. The tendency of the leaves is to become narrow (Gulgong).

1st leaves very small lanceolate or ovate, petiolate later, ovate, petiolate, undulate, thin, decussate (Stanthorpe).

E. melliodora.

1st leaves narrow-ovate to ovate-acuminate (Grattai).

1st leaves acuminate or lanceolate, undersurface pink tint. 1st alternate leaves ovate (Dubbo).

E. Ravertiana.

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, undersurface purple. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, trinerved, undersurface pale green, a warm purplish tint on the young leaves and on the upper ones (Rockhampton, No. 1).

1st leaves linear, than ovate-lanceolate, undersurface purple (Rockhampton, No. 2).

E. rariflora.

1st leaves very small ovate to lanceolate, some quite ovate (Eidsvold, No. 1).

1st leaves first three leaves lanceolate, changing to ovate. Leaves ovate (No. 2).

1st leaves narrow-ovate to ovate-acuminate, thin and trinerved (No. 3).

E. populifolia.

1st leaves ovate-acuminate. The more mature leaves are trinerved (Coolabah).

1st leaves lanceolate (Pilliga).




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E. Brownii.

1st leaves ovate. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, pale opaque green on both sides (Reid River).

E. microcarpa.

1st leaves small, ovate or lanceolate, petiolate. Leaves ovate-petiolate (Dunedoo).

1st leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, undersurface green. 1st alternate leaves almost rhomboidal, but very variable (Stuart Town).

E. Cambageana.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface green (Emerald).

E. ochrophloia.

1st alternate leaves narrow-lanceolate with deep red petioles, venation and colour of young leaves. Plant height 17½ inches (44 cm.), length of leaf 4¾ inches (12 cm.).

E. hemiphloia.

(See coloured plate 8, Part LXXIV.)

1st leaves small lanceolate, later lanceolate, petiolate, undersurface paler green, decussate (Wallangarra).

1st leaves ovate petiolate, thin, undersurface pale green, drooping (Canley Vale).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, ovate, sinuous. 1st alternate leaves broadly ovate, edges red, waved but not sinuous. The venation at the back of the leaf is red in some plants. Slightly paler green on the undersurface (Theresa Park).

E. Blackburniana.

1st leaves lanceolate and ovate-acuminate (Inglewood, Vic.).

Series 5.—Broad, glaucous, triplinerved

(Elliptical deltoid to broad lanceolate.)

   
E. albens.   E. affinis.  
E. fasciculosa.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium, 4–5 pairs of leaves opposite. Leaves glaucous or subglaucous, elliptical to broad lanceolate, veins prominent. Stems green to pinkish, terete, compressed at the nodes.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. albens and E. affinis, medium to long.

E. fasciculosa, short.




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(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. albens, terete, red, smooth (Hargraves); terete, inclined to be angular where the cotyledons come, tinted pink (Coonabarabran); terete, red (Mumbil).

E. affinis, red, thickening slightly to the root (Grattai, No. 1); terete, thin, red, (No. 2).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. albens and E. affinis, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. fasciculosa, small, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. albens, green (Hargraves); green or slightly tinted pink (Coonabarabran); green or pink (Mumbil).

E. affinis, faint tint of pink (Stuart Town); purple (Grattai, No. 1); slight mauve tint (Grattai, No. 2).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. albens, terete up to the fourth pair of leaves, then flattening, purple-red, shiny (Hargraves); slightly angular, tinted red, a few glands (Mumbil).

E. affinis, red (Stuart Town); terete, some glands, shaded purple (Grattai).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. albens, petiolate, sometimes very small, ovate or elliptical, glabrous.

E. affinis, petiolate, oblong-ovate, glabrous.

E. fasciculosa, petiolate, very small, ovate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. albens, three, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, venulose, triplinerved, glaucous.

E. affinis, three, ovate to lanceolate, scarcely glaucous, venulose, triplinerved, glabrous.

E. fasciculosa, three (or more), at first very small, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, glabrous, but glaucous, venulose, triplinerved.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. albens, orbicular, broad-lanceolate to almost deltoid, obtuse or apiculate, 3½ by 3 cm. to 8 by 8 cm., widest part, venulose, trinerved, glaucous. Sometimes they are more lanceolate than the above.

E. affinis, broadly and obtusely lanceolate to lanceolate, 6 by 4 cm. to 7 by 4 cm., venulose, triplinerved, glaucous to yellowish-green.

E. fasciculosa, ovate to ovate-elliptical, mucronate to broad-lanceolate and very acute, 3 by 2½ cm. to 8 by 4 cm., veins somewhat distinct, sometimes triplinerved, glaucous to yellowish-green.




  ― 260 ―

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. albens.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface paler green. Leaves broadly-ovate to orbicular, red venation, undersurface slightly paler green (Hargraves).

1st leaves broadly ovate, petiolate, decussate (Coonabarabran).

1st leaves ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acuminate, veins red (Mumbil).

E. affinis.

1st leaves linear, sometimes ovate. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface green. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acute, undersurface green. Leaves on plant 31 inches (79 cm.) high, ovate, petiolate, undulate, very thick, distinct, pale venation, of a dark opaque blue-green, slightly paler beneath. (Grattai, No. 1).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, decussate, undersurface light mauve (Grattai, No. 2).

Series 6.—Lanceolate to broad-lanceolate

     
E. leucoxylon (Series doubtful).  E. Boormani.  
var. macrocarpa (see below).  E. siderophloia.  
E. paniculata.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium, 4–6 pairs of leaves opposite. Leaves greenish, often blotched with purple-brown, narrow to broad-lanceolate, venation distinct, spreading. Stems terete, green to purple-brown.

(It is a matter for further consideration that E. leucoxylon, var. macrocarpa, might go into Series No. 5, although it is not distinctly triplinerved.)

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. leucoxylon. “Terete, glabrous, gradually tapering into the radicle, 6–9 mm. long.” (Lubbock.)

E. leucoxylon, short to long.

var. macrocarpa, short.

E. paniculata, medium.

E. Boormani, short.

E. siderophloia, long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. leucoxylon, short, terete, red (Melton, Vic.).

var. macrocarpa, smooth, red (Port Lincoln).

E. paniculata, terete, tinted pink, slight (Benarkin, Q.); terete, red, spindly (Dungog); tinted pink (Wyong); short, red (Woy Woy); terete, shaded pink, slight (Ulladulla); terete, red (Bulladelah). Type of E. Fergusoni.




  ― 261 ―

E. Boormani, slightly angular, tapers a little into the root (Penrith).

E. siderophloia, red, smooth, slightly angular (Morisset); terete, spindly, red (Rookwood); red (Stuart Town).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. leucoxylon. “Cotyledons as in E. rostrata, but truncate at the end, or sometimes possessing a small apical tooth, 1·25–2 mm. long, 3–4·25 mm. wide; petiole tapered downwards, slightly grooved above, 1·75–2·5 mm. long.” (Lubbock.)

E. leucoxylon, emarginate, long, tapering, purple underneath.

var. macrocarpa, slightly emarginate, short, tapering, purple.

E. paniculata, slightly emarginate, long, tapering, purple.

E. Boormani, emarginate, short, tapering, purple.

E. siderophloia, emarginate, medium, tapering, purple.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. leucoxylon, green (Melton, Vic.).

var. macrocarpa, purple tint (Port Lincoln).

E. paniculata, green (Benarkin, Q., and Wyong); pale green (Dungog); green, or with faint tint of purple (Woy Woy); purple red (Ulladulla); slightly tinted pink (Bulladelah). Type of E. Fergusoni.

E. Boormani, red (Penrith).

E. siderophloia, red (Morisset); pale green (Rookwood).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. leucoxylon. “Square, glabrous, pale green or reddish, ultimately woody; 1st internode 4·5 mm. long, 2nd 5·5 mm., 3rd, 4·5 mm.” (Lubbock.)

E. leucoxylon, slightly angular, with warty glands (Melton, Vic.); crimson, with warty glands (Mount Lofty, S.A.).

var. macrocarpa, terete, red, covered in warty glands (Port Lincoln).

E. paniculata, angular, slightly shaded with pink (Benarkin, Q.).

E. Boormani, smooth, angular, slight tint of pink (Penrith).

E. siderophloia, angular, tinted purple (Morisset); smooth, angular, red (Rookwood); angular, shaded pink (Stuart Town).

“Leaves of E. leucoxylon as in E. globulus, but oblong-lanceolate and petiolate; petioles tapering towards the base, channelled or grooved above. First pair narrowly oblong, obtuse, small, tapered to the base. Second and fourth pairs oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, tapering at both ends, but mostly at the base.” (Lubbock.)

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. leucoxylon, petiolate, ovate to oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, rachis glandular.

var. macrocarpa, petiolate, ovate, glabrous.

E. paniculata and E. Boormani, petiolate, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. siderophloia, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.




  ― 262 ―

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. leucoxylon, four (or more), short-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, veins somewhat distinct, light to dark green, glandular rachis.

var. macrocarpa, four (or more), lanceolate obtuse to broad-lanceolate, petiole longer than the typical form, veins distinct, light to dark green, glabrous.

E. paniculata, six, narrow to broad-lanceolate, obscurely veined, light to dark green tinged with purple-brown, glabrous.

E. Boormani, four (or more), broad-lanceolate, veins conspicuous, dark green, blotched with purple-brown, glabrous.

E. siderophloia, four (or more), broad-lanceolate, veins scarcely conspicuous, glaucous to dark green, blotched with purple-brown, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. leucoxylon, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, 5 by 1½ cm., yellowish green.

var. macrocarpa, ovate-lanceolate, venulose, but scarcely triplinerved, 4½ by 4 cm. to 6 by 5½ cm., apiculate, yellowish-green, shaded pink.

E. paniculata, broad-lanceolate to narrow-lanceolate, finely veined (one specimen trinerved), ranging from 5 by 2½ cm., 7 by 4 cm. to 11 by 3½ cm., light green.

E. Boormani, broad-lanceolate, finely veined, 6½ by 3½ cm., light green.

E. siderophloia, elliptical-lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, more or less veiny, at 11 inches (28 cm.), 7 by 4 cm., yellowish green, at 14 inches (36 cm.), 12 by 6 cm., light green.

(6a) (Miss Flockton.)

E. leucoxylon.

1st leaves lanceolate and ovate-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate with red midrib and edges, undersurface slightly pale green (Melton, Vic.).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate. This seedling is more than a year old, the leaves are still opposite, 2½ inches (6·5 cm.) long, broad, and without any petiole (Mount Lofty, S.A.).

var. macrocarpa.

1st leaves ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acuminate, midrib red, petiole warty glands (Port Lincoln).

E. paniculata.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, slightly appressed, undersurface pale whitish green. Leaves ovate-lanceolate and lanceolate, petiolate, a little appressed, undersurface whitish, decussate, alternate at 3½ inches (9 cm.) (Benarkin, Q.).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface pale, thin, decussate (Dungog).

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves narrow-lanceolate (Wyong).

1st leaves ovate (Woy Woy).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface green, petiolate, later broadly ovate, undersurface warm tint. Leaves with three main veins, branching early (Ulladulla).




  ― 263 ―

E. Boormani.

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface red. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acuminate, undersurface pale green (Penrith).

E. siderophloia.

1st leaves linear or narrow-lanceolate (Morisset).

1st leaves small, ovate, petiolate, undersurface pale. Leaves later, large, from 2½ to 3 inches (6·5 to 8 cm.), irregular, ovate, sometimes oblique on the petiole, undersurface paler green, decussate, height 4¼ inches (11 cm.) (Rookwood).

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, very fine venation, intramarginal vein very near edge (Stuart Town).

Series 7.—Peach-tree-like, pale green

(i.e., pale green, and in shape and habit more or less reminiscent of peach-tree shoots.)

 
E. Rummeryi.   E. Rudderi.  

(The affinity of these two species is fairly close, but for the minutely glandular stem of E. Rummeryi. There are, however, a few scattered hairs or setæ on E. Rudderi. The latter species has some affinity with E. paniculata (Series 6).)

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium, 6 pairs of leaves opposite. Leaves moss-green, somewhat drooping, narrow-lanceolate, peach-leaf-like. Stems terete, slightly glandular, green, shaded pink.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Rummeryi Long.

E. Rudderi

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Rummeryi, terete, fragile, and pale green, slightly tinted with pink (No. 1); terete, red and slender (No. 2).

E. Rudderi, terete, light brown, very short (Gloucester).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole and taper).

E. Rummeryi, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Rudderi, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Rummeryi, green (Casino).

E. Rudderi, red tint (Gloucester).




  ― 264 ―

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Rummeryi, from cotyledons starts pinkish, but becomes green, angular and warty (1); angular, reddish and sparsely covered with glands. These glands become much thicker and more pronounced as the seedlings grow taller (2).

E. Rudderi, somewhat angular, green, with a soft purplish bloom and purple ribs (Gloucester); green, faint tint of pink (Bohnock).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Rummeryi, petiolate, lanceolate; rachis minutely glandular.

E. Rudderi, petiolate, lanceolate; rachis minutely glandular, but not as dense as in E. Rummeryi.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Rummeryi, six, narrow-lanceolate, slightly hispid on margins, veins obscure, dark or olive green. Stem slightly angular, minutely and densely glandular.

E. Rudderi, five (or more), narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, venation obscure, light olive green. Stem slightly angular, with a few scattered seta.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Rummeryi, lanceolate, finely veined, light to yellowish green, 8 by 3 cm., stem angular, glandular.

E. Rudderi, lanceolate, finely veined, light to yellowish green, 4 by 1½ cm. Stem slightly angular, but scarcely glandular.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Rummeryi.

1st leaves narrow-spathulate.

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate (1).

1st leaves small ovate. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, with undersurface paler green (2).

E. Rudderi.

1st leaves linear and ovate-lanceolate. Leaves lanceolate, with branchlets springing from the axils. There is a purplish tint on the young growth, and on the undersurface of some of the leaves. This seedling branches at once from every axil of the leaves, making a bushy plant when only 4 inches (10 cm.) high or less (Gloucester).

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate, undulate (Bohnock).




  ― 265 ―

Series 8.—Orbicular, petiolate, triplinerved

(Venulose and glaucous.)

   
E. polyanthemos.   E. Dawsoni.  
E. Caleyi.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium, 2–3 pairs of leaves opposite. Leaves sub-glaucous, thickish, elliptical to orbicular, emarginate, triplinerved, venulose, petiole short to medium. Stems pinkish, somewhat flexuose, terete, compressed at the nodes.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. polyanthemos, short to long.

E. Dawsoni, short.

E. Caleyi, short to long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. polyanthemos, red (Stuart Town); smooth, red (Grattai); terete, slight, tinted pink (Bathurst to Sofala); terete, red, slight (Rylstone); terete; red (Queanbeyan).

E. Dawsoni, terete, red (Gulgong).

E. Caleyi, red, smooth (Howell, No. 1); smooth, dark red (No. 2); crimson (No. 3).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. polyanthemos and E. Dawsoni, small, emarginate, short taper.

E. Caleyi, medium, scarcely emarginate, short taper.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. polyanthemos, red (Stuart Town); purple red (Grattai); faint tint of purple (Bathurst to Sofala); red, sometimes green (Rylstone); light purple red tint (Queanbeyan).

E. Dawsoni, with faint purple tint (Gulgong).

E. Caleyi, crimson-purple (Howell, No. 1); crimson (No. 2); deep red (No. 3).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. polyanthemos, tinted red (Stuart Town); shaded red, covered with oil glands (Grattai); terete, red (Bathurst to Sofala); terete, smooth shading from red to green (Rylstone).

E. Dawsoni, terete, smooth, red (Gulgong).

E. Caleyi, angular, tinted pink (Howell).




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(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. polyanthemos, petiole long, ovate, glabrous.

E. Dawsoni, petiolate, ovate to spathulate, glabrous.

E. Caleyi, petiole long, ovate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. polyanthemos, two to three, ovate, venulose, petiole long, glabrous.

E. Dawsoni, two, ovate, petiole long, glabrous.

E. Caleyi, three, ovate to orbicular-spathulate, venulose, trinerved, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. polyanthemos, orbicular, emarginate or entire, venulose, triplinerved, abruptly contracted in a long petiole; at 15½ inches (39 cm.), 3¼ by 3 cm., and at 22½ inches, 6 by 7 cm., which is broader than long and somewhat deltoid, glaucous to light yellowish-green.

E. Dawsoni, broadly ovate or orbicular ovate to orbicular, entire or emarginate, venulose, triplinerved; at 14 inches (36 cm.), 4½ by 4½ cm., and at 22 inches (56 cm.), 5½ by 4½ cm., glaucous to yellowish-green.

E. Caleyi, broad-spathulate to orbicular, emarginate to entire, venulose, but the veins not quite as prominent as the preceding; at 6 inches, 4 by 3½ cm.; at 21 inches (53 cm.), 6 by 5½ cm., glaucous to yellowish-green.

(6a) Intermediate Leaves (Miss Flockton).

E. polyanthemos.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface tinted pink. 1st alternate leaves ovate-rhomboid (Stuart Town).

1st leaves ovate to orbicular, undersurface green, petiolate, decurrent (Grattai).

1st leaves ovate, later almost or quite orbicular, midrib pink (Bathurst to Sofala).

1st leaves ovate. small, petiolate. Leaves ovate-orbicular, petiolate, undersurface rather paler green, decussate, branching almost at once (Rylstone).

E. Dawsoni.

1st leaves ovate, very small. Leaves alternate stage orbicular with three marked nerves, emarginate, seedlings frail (Gulgong).

E. Caleyi.

1st leaves ovate. 1st alternate leaves spathulate, trinerved.




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Series 9.—Ovate to broadly-elliptical, venulose

   
E. Baueriana.   E. Behriana.  
E. Bosistoana.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons medium, 1–3 pairs of leaves opposite. Light green, sometimes shaded pink. Veins prominent, Stems green or pinkish, terete to slightly angular.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Baueriana, short to long.

E. Behriana, short.

E. Bosistoana, short to long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Behriana, short, stained red (Wyalong).

E. Bosistoana, terete, red (Hargraves).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Baueriana, small to medium, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Behriana, small, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Bosistoana, medium, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Behriana, slight mauve tint (Wyalong, No. 1); tinted purple (No. 2).

E. Bosistoana, slight mauve tint (Hargraves).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Baueriana, red (Penrith).

E. Behriana, terete, glandular, shaded red (Wyalong, No. 1); red (No. 2).

E. Bosistoana, angled, red, smooth (Hargraves); red (Marulan).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Baueriana, E. Behriana, and E. Bosistoana, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Baueriana, two (or more), elliptical, venulose, glabrous, dark green.

E. Behriana, two, lanceolate, veins not very prominent (seedling only 2½ inches, or 6·5 cm.), glabrous, green to yellowish-green.

E. Bosistoana, two, elliptical to broad lanceolate, venulose, dark to yellowish-green.




  ― 268 ―

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Baueriana, broadly ovate, venulose, at 6 inches (15 cm.), 3½ by 2¾ cm., dark green.

E. Behriana, broadly elliptical to broad ovate, venulose; at 13 inches (33 cm.), 5½ by 4 cm., light green.

E. Bosistoana, ovate to broad-lanceolate, venulose; at 6 inches (15 cm.), 3½ by 2½ cm., at 18 inches, 6 by 4 cm., light to yellowish green.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Baueriana.

1st leaves ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate or ovate-acuminate (Penrith).

E. Behriana.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface pale green. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acuminate (Wyalong).

1st leaves linear or small ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate (Wyalong).

E. Bosistoana.

1st leaves ovate, thin, petiolate, undersurface mauve tint, decussate. Leaves ovate-orbicular, venation red (winter colouring), undersurface pale green, petiolate, decurrent (Hargraves).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple shade. 1st alternate leaves broad-ovate, undersurface glaucous (Marulan).

Series 10.—Hypericum-like

 
E. pruinosa.   E. melanophloia.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons medium, 5–6 pairs of leaves opposite, probably more. Leaves sub-glaucous, changing to yellowish green, tinged with purple-brown, narrow-lanceolate to oblong, and in a later stage broadly ovate; veins conspicuous, white. Stems green to pink.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. pruinosa, long.

E. melanophloia, short.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. pruinosa, smooth, pink, very short, terete (Northern Territory).

E. melanophloia, tapering into root, red (Narromine); green, with a little pink, smooth (Narrabri).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. pruinosa and E. melanophloia, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.




  ― 269 ―

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. pruinosa, green (Northern Territory).

E. melanophloia, green (Narromine).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. pruinosa, angular, tinted pink (Northern Territory).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. pruinosa and E. melanophloia, petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. pruinosa, six (or more), lanceolate to broad-ovate, then changing to oblong, emarginate, venulose, glaucous to light green. Stem slightly angular.

E. melanophloia, five (or more), lanceolate to broad-ovate, large, then small, ovate to elliptical, slightly veiny, glaucous to light green. At 27 inches (68 cm.), 7 by 5 cm., at 32 inches, 2½ by 1½ cm.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. pruinosa, none.

E. melanophloia, lanceolate, undulate, venulose; at 11 inches (28 cm.), 5 by 1½ cm., glaucous, venulose.

(6a) Intermediate Leaves (Miss Flockton).

E. pruinosa.

1st leaves small ovate, getting larger, undersurface slightly paler green (Northern Territory).

E. melanophloia.

1st leaves linear, lanceolate or ovate, undersurface slightly paler. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, sinuous, still opposite at 11 inches (28 cm.) high (Narromine).

The following description of the seedlings of E. pruinosa is from the pen of Mr. R. H. Cambage (Journ. Roy. Soc., N.S.W., XLIX, 423, 1915):—

Hypocotyl erect, terete, pale green, glabrous, up to 1·3 cm. long.

Cotyledons slightly emarginate or almost reniform, entire, 5 to 8 mm. by 3 to 4 mm., upperside green, underside paler, glabrous; petioles 3 to 4 mm. long.

Seedling foliage opposite, entire, glabrous, elliptical-lanceolate, tapering into a short petiole of not more than 1 to 2 mm. long: midrib prominent on underside, lateral veins few, and arranged at angles of about 50° to 60° with midrib, reticulate between, intramarginal vein obscure on margin or absent. On a seedling 6 inches high the second pair of leaves measured about 1 cm. each, while those of the sixth to the tenth pair measured from 2 to 2·5 cm. with a width of 6 to 7 mm., the internodes increasing in length from about 1 to 1·8 cm. In one specimen the first internode measured 2 cm.

The seedling leaves of this species are very similar to those of E. melanophloia, and are of interest seeing that they taper towards the base into a very short petiole, while the adult leaves are sessile and cordate.




  ― 270 ―

Series 11.—Small, oblong to lanceolate, usually obtuse

         
E. angulosa.   E. corrugata.  
E. Pimpiniana.   E. torquata.  
E. incrassata.   E. conglobata.  
E. striaticalyx.   E. melanoxylon.  
E. Griffithsi.   E. dumosa.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium, 1 to 5 pairs of leaves opposite. Plants at first slender, greenish or pink, leaves small oblong, petiolate. Next stage short-lanceolate, acute or obtuse, green, shaded pink. Veins not very prominent, except in E. dumosa. Stems terete, green or pink.

[This series is remarkable for the small number of opposite leaves after the first pair, and also for the shortness of the subsequent pairs of leaves, and still further in the shortness of the intermediate leaves. In three cases the material is imperfect.]

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. angulosa, long to very long.

E. Pimpiniana, short to long.

E. incrassata, long.

E. striaticalyx, short to very long.

E. Griffithsii, E. corrugata, and E. torquata, long.

E. conglobata, short to long.

E. melanoxylon, long.

E. dumosa, short.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. angulosa, red (Stirling Range); tall, smooth, red (Hopetoun); terete, pink, slight (Karoonda, S.A.); terete, slightly ribbed, long (Swan Hill var.).

E. Pimpiniana, brownish-pink, smooth (Ooldea, No. 1); red (No. 2).

E. incrassata, terete, red (Hopetoun).

E. striaticalyx, terete, red (near Cue, No. 1); very long (1¼ inches), slightly ribbed, red (No. 2).

E. Griffithsii, red (Kalgoorlie).

E. corrugata, terete, pale pink (Southern Cross).

E. torquata, red (W.A., No. 1); red, ragged near the base, tapering into the root (W.A., No. 2).

E. conglobata, pink (Port Lincoln); rather short, smooth and red (Kalgan Plains).

E. dumosa, terete, slight, tinted pink (Wyalong); terete, red (Cobar); terete, red, wiry (var. at Wagin); smooth, red (var. at Dongarra) E. Dongarraensis (See Part LXVIII, 2, 371).

E. dealbata aff., terete, red, wiry (Minore).




  ― 271 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. angulosa, slightly emarginate, trinerved, short, tapering.

E. Pimpiniana, emarginate, trinerved, short, tapering.

E. incrassata, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. striaticalyx, lobed, long, tapering.

E. Griffithsii, entire, long, tapering.

E. corrugata and E. torquata, emarginate, long, tapering.

E. conglobata, entire, short, tapering.

E. melanoxylon, entire, long, tapering.

E. dumosa, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. angulosa, undersurface and edge crimson (Stirling Range); with some purple (Hopetoun); pink tint (Karoonda, S.A.); red (Murray Bridge, S.A.); pink tinted (var. at Swan Hill, etc.).

E. Pimpiniana, red (Ooldea).

E. incrassata, pink tint (Hopetoun).

E. striaticalyx, slight tint of red (Cue, No. 1); green (Cue, No. 2).

E. Griffithsii, shaded red (Kalgoorlie).

E. corrugata, green (Southern Cross).

E. torquata, purple (W.A.).

E. conglobata, red (Kirton Pt.); purple tint (Kalgan Plains).

E. dumosa, tinted red (Wyalong, N.S.W., and var. at Wagin); purple (var. at Dongarra).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. angulosa, young, covered with stellate hairs (Stirling Range); smooth and shiny (Hopetoun); crimson (Murray Bridge).

E. Pimpiniana, flattened, some glands, green, shaded crimson (Ooldea, No. 1); tinted red (No. 2).

E. striaticalyx, red (W.A.).

E. corrugata, terete (Southern Cross).

E. torquata, pink shade, tapering into the root (W.A., No. 1); smooth, tinted red (No. 2).

E. conglobata, smooth, green, tinted with pink (Kirton Pt.); terete, later getting angular, red, a few glands (Kalgan Plains.).

E. dumosa, terete, red (Wyalong); becoming angular at the top (Cobar); red and angular sparsely covered with glands (var. at Wagin); terete, red, a few glands (var. at Dongarra).

E. dealbata aff., terete, at first, getting angular with the alternate leaves (Minore).




  ― 272 ―

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. angulosa, petiolate, oblong, glabrous.

E. Pimpiniana

E. incrassata

E. striaticalyx

E. Griffithsii

E. corrugata Petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. torquata

E. conglobata

E. melanoxylon

E. dumosa

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. angulosa, one, short-lanceolate, obtuse, veins somewhat distinct, light green, midrib reddish, glabrous.

E. Pimpiniana, two, short-lanceolate, obtuse, venulose, slightly oblique, light green, glabrous.

E. incrassata, one (or more), short-lanceolate, light green, glabrous.

E. striaticalyx, one (or more), short-lanceolate, light green, glabrous.

E. Griffithsii, four, short-lanceolate, acute, veins more or less distinct, light to yellowish-green, glabrous.

E. corrugata, three, short-lanceolate, acute, veins obscure, light to yellowish-green, glabrous.

E. torquata, two, short-lanceolate, obtuse, veins obscure, dark green, shaded purple on the lower surface, glabrous.

E. conglobata, one (or more), short-lanceolate, veins obscure, glaucous to light green, glabrous.

E. melanoxylon, one, short-lanceolate, veins obscure, glaucous, glabrous.

E. dumosa, two, short-lanceolate, obtuse, veins obscure, dark to light green, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. angulosa, short-lanceolate or lanceolate, to broad-lanceolate, all short on fairly long petioles, veins more or less distinct, light green, midrib reddish; stems green or reddish, 4 by 2 cm.

E. Pimpiniana, lanceolate, scarcely acute, veins prominent, petioles long, light green, midrib reddish. Stem reddish, 4 by 2 cm.

E. incrassata, not far enough advanced.

E. striaticalyx (31), narrow-lanceolate (sketch only).




  ― 273 ―

E. Griffithsii, short-lanceolate, veins somewhat prominent, petiole short, light green, 3½ by 1¾ cm.

E. corrugata, short-lanceolate, petiole normal, light green, 3 by 1½ cm.

E. torquata, lanceolate to long-lanceolate, firm to slightly undulate, venation obscure, dark to light yellowish-green, 4 by 1½ cm. to 7 by 1½ cm.

E. conglobata, broad-lanceolate, obtuse, venation obscure or nearly so, midrib reddish, glaucous to purple brown. At 5½ inches (14 cm.), 3½ by 2 cm.

E. melanoxylon, short-lanceolate, glaucous (? not far enough advanced). In the next stage it is like the last stage of E. torquata (the specimen is unsatisfactory). At 14 inches (36 cm.), lanceolate, tending to long-lanceolate, veins distinct, yellowish-green throughout, 6 by 1½ cm. to 6½ cm. by 1½ cm.

E. dumosa, lanceolate to elliptical lanceolate, apiculate, venulose, light to glaucous green; at 9 inches (23 cm.), (8A), 4 by 1½ cm., and at 11 inches (28 cm.), (18 H H), 6 by 3 cm.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. angulosa.

1st leaves ovate, covered on both sides with stellate hairs, red edges and undersurface, glaucous. 1st alternate leaves ovate, edges no longer red (Stirling Range).

1st leaves ovate, smooth, undersurface purple shade, no stellate or simple hairs on this plant. 1st alternate leaves ovate, undersurface slightly paler green. No sign in the first stage of glands or hairs on the epicotyl or young leaves (Hopetoun).

1st leaves lanceolate or ovate-obtuse (Karoonda).

1st leaves, 1st pair lanceolate, blunt-tipped, tapering into a long petiole, 2nd pair ovate, shortly petiolate (Swan Hill).

E. Pimpiniana.

1st leaves lanceolate, ovate lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acute (Ooldea).

E. incrassata.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate (Hopetoun).

E. striaticalyx.

1st leaves lanceolate, obtuse. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate (near Cue, W.A.).

1st leaves ovate decussate (near Cue).

E. Griffithsii.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple tint, long petiole. 1st alternate leaves ovate (Kalgoorlie).

E. corrugata.

1st leaves lanceolate and ovate-lanceolate. Leaves ovate-lanceolate (Southern Cross).




  ― 274 ―

E. torquata.

1st leaves ovate or lanceolate, undersurface with much purple. 1st alternate leaves the same, larger (W.A.).

1st leaves ovate, with reddish purple on both surfaces. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, sinuous, red midrib and edges (W.A.).

E. conglobata.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple. 1st alternate leaves ovate (Kirton Pt.).

1st leaves small, linear. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate (Kirton Point).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple tint. 1st alternate leaves broadly ovate, sometimes sinuous, midrib red, the leaves a dark blue-green in colour (Kalgan Plains).

E. dumosa.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface slight mauve tint (Wyalong).

1st leaves small, ovate. Leaves ovate, petiolate, venation more or less red (Cobar).

1st leaves ovate, glands on back of midrib. Leaves ovate (var. at Wagin).

1st leaves linear or ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate, red midrib, purple underside to some of them (var. at Dongarra).

Series 12.—Glaucous, quadrangular and somewhat rigid

 
E. Clelandi.   E. Woodwardi.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium, leaves opposite for at least five pairs, small, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, thickish, glaucous, shortly petiolate. As the plants develop, the glaucousness appears to be more pronounced. The stems also are quadrangular for a long period.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Clelandi, long.

E. Woodwardi, very long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Clelandi, tapering into the root, slightly angular, crimson (W.A.); terete, red (var. at Darke's Peak).

E. Woodwardi, long, feeble, tinted red (130 miles east of Kalgoorlie).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Clelandi, entire, short, tapering.

E. Woodwardi, long, tapering.




  ― 275 ―

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Clelandi, purple shade (W.A.).

E. Woodwardi, tinted red or green (130 miles east of Kalgoorlie).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Clelandi, angular and warty (W.A.).

E. Woodwardi, terete, red, a few glands; after the first pair of leaves getting suddenly thicker, very angular and glaucous green (130 miles east of Kalgoorlie).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Clelandi, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Woodwardi, petiolate, lanceolate, slightly denticulate.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Clelandi, two (or more), lanceolate, veins obscure, glaucous, glabrous, stem glandular.

E. Woodwardi, six, oblong-lanceolate, thick, glaucous, petioles distinct; stems quadrangular.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Clelandi, broad-lanceolate, venulose, glaucous, at 9 inches, 4 by 3 cm. Stem glaucous, angular.

E. Woodwardi, leaves broadly lanceolate, slightly apiculate, thickish, slightly undulate, the margin sometimes purple-brown, veins obscure, the midrib yellowish, 7 to 8 cm. long, 3 to 4 cm. broad, glaucous, shaded yellowish green; petiole medium, thick. Stem quadrangular, the angles fringed with purple-brown (130 miles east of Kalgoorlie).

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Clelandi.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple shade. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acuminate, undersurface a paler opaque green. The stem more angular in the second stage (W.A.).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple tint, decussate (var. at Darke's Peak).

E. Woodwardi.

1st leaves ovate, red at base, on the underside and edges. Short petiole at first. 1st alternate leaves large ovate, somewhat glaucous, the same colour on both sides, broad pale midrib, red edges. There are prominent glands on the edges of the leaves in the first and second stages (130 miles east of Kalgoorlie).




  ― 276 ―

Series 13—Short, petiolate, small, elliptical to oblong, dark green, glandular

     
E. Johnstoni.   E. aggregata.  
E. vernicosa.   E. ovata.  
E. camphora.   E. Kitsoniana.  

[E. Johnstoni and E. vernicosa are closely allied; so are E. ovata and E. Kitsoniana.]

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium, 3–4 pairs of leaves opposite. Leaves Prunus-like, small, oblong to ovate, elliptical, dark green above, slightly purplish underneath. Petioles short. Stems green, glandular hispid.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Johnstoni, long.

E. vernicosa, short or medium.

E. aggregata, long.

E. ovata, short to long.

E. Kitsoniana, short.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Johnstoni, red (Tasmania).

E. vernicosa, crimson, terete (Tasmania, No. 1); short, terete, red (No. 2).

E. aggregata, terete, red (Wallerawang, No. 1); terete, short, red (No. 2); ribbed, red, epicotyl with prominent glands (Lake St. Clair, Tasmania).

E. ovata, smooth, tinted red (Huonville); red (Beltana); long, weak, thin, inclined to be angular, red (Wyndham); red (Marulan); short, terete, tinted pink (Berrima).

E. Kitsoniana, red, thickens where the root begins (Victoria); red, a few warty glands, slightly angular (Foster).

E. camphora, terete, red, spindly (Wingello); very short, red (Paddy's River).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Johnstoni, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. vernicosa, small, scarcely emarginate, short, tapering.

E. aggregata, small, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. ovata, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Kitsoniana, emarginate, oblong, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Johnstoni, red (Tasmania).

E. vernicosa, deep red (Tasmania); deep crimson (Tasmania).




  ― 277 ―

E. aggregata, green (Wallerawang); tinted red (Wallerawang); green (Lake St. Clair).

E. ovata, green (Huonville); sometimes purple tint (Wyndham); green (Marulan).

E. Kitsoniana, green (Victoria); pinkish mauve (Foster).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Johnstoni, slightly glandular (Tasmania).

E. vernicosa, angular and covered with prominent warty glands, shaded pink (Tasmania); angular, covered with prominent warty glands, tinted red (Tasmania).

E. aggregata, terete, glandular, pink (Wallerawang, No. 1); red, tapering to the root (No. 2); terete, red, with glands (Lake St. Clair).

E. ovata, red tinted, angular and with warted glands (Beltana); pale green, slightly angular, warty glands (Berrima); shaded red, with glands not prominent (Victoria).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Johnstoni, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous; rachis glandular.

E. vernicosa, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous; rachis glandular.

E. aggregata and E. ovata, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Kitsoniana, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Johnstoni, three (or more), lanceolate, shortly petiolate, glabrous; stem glandular.

E. vernicosa, three (or more), nearly sessile, oblong-lanceolate to elliptical, dark to yellowish green, glabrous; stem glandular.

E. aggregata, four (or more), lanceolate, nearly sessile, glabrous, dark to yellowish green; stem minutely glandular.

E. ovata, four (or more), narrow lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, nearly sessile, dark to yellowish green, glabrous; stem minutely glandular.

E. Kitsoniana, four (or more), narrow-lanceolate, then changing to ovate-lanceolate and sometimes cordate, sessile, dark green shaded yellowish-green, venation very fine, almost obscure, midrib reddish; stem terete, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Johnstoni, not available.

E. vernicosa, small ovate, nearly sessile, yellowish-green. The largest 12 mm. by 10 mm. (? not fully developed).




  ― 278 ―

E. aggregata, oblong, acute, sessile or nearly so, somewhat rigid, venation fairly prominent, glaucous to yellowish-green. At 10½ inches (27 cm.), 3 by 1½ cm.

E. ovata, elliptical-lanceolate, shortly petiolate (24), Tas., 4 by 2 cm. A plant 6 inches (15 cm.), (B. 40), Berrima, is shortly petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, 4 by 1½ cm., yellowish-green. An advanced seedling from Wyndham (C. 80) is long lanceolate, 9 by 2½ cm., midrib reddish, glaucous to yellowish-green.

E. Kitsoniana, broad-ovate to ovate-lanceolate and then lanceolate, shortly petiolate, yellowish-green, midrib and margins reddish. At 11 inches (28 cm.), 6 by 3½ cm. Stem terete.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Johnstoni.

1st leaves ovate, shortly pedicellate (Tasmania).

E. vernicosa.

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, undersurface shaded purplish red. 1st alternate leaves ovate, red colour in the axils of the leaves (Tasmania, No. 1).

1st leaves ovate and oblong, undersurface deep crimson (No. 2.)

E. aggregata.

1st leaves ovate, petiolate at base, more advanced, sessile or nearly so (Wallerawang, No. 1).

1st leaves small ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-obtuse (Wallerawang, No. 2).

1st leaves small ovate-lanceolate (No. 3).

1st leaves small ovate, petiolate. Leaves ovate, sessile or almost so, undersurface slightly paler (Lake St. Clair).

E. ovata.

1st leaves ovate, red edges and midrib. 1st alternate leaves larger, ovate (Beltana).

1st leaves small ovate-lanceolate, undersurface paler (Wyndham).

E. Kitsoniana.

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, opposite (Victoria).

E. camphora.

1st leaves ovate, shortly petiolate, decussate, undersurface green. Leaves, plant 5¼ inches (14 cm.) high, leaves ovate, very shortly petiolate, slightly undulate, branching in the axils. Leaves still ovate and shortly petiolate, stiff, no longer undulate at 26 inches (66 cm.) high (Wingello).

1st leaves, 1st pair linear, then ovate, undersurface green, short petiole. 1st alternate leaves obovate, undersurface pale green (Paddy's River).

Endorsed transit between E. ovata and E. camphora. A Mallee.




  ― 279 ―

Series 14.—Cordate (small)

     
E. oligantha.   E. angophoroides.  
E. Stuartiana.   E. Yarraensis (see p. 281). 
E. Dunnii.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons medium; 4–5 pairs of leaves opposite. Leaves light green to glaucous, small, cordate to nearly stem-clasping, soon become alternate. Stems somewhat glandular, green to light purple brown.

In E. oligantha the first four pairs are opposite and narrow-lanceolate, and immediately above them the intermediate leaves start off, alternate, cordate.

In E. Stuartiana the first four pairs pass from narrow-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate.

In E. angophoroides the first three pairs are narrow-lanceolate, and the next two, though still opposite, are cordate-lanceolate, similar to the alternate leaves.

In E. Dunnii only the first pair are narrow-lanceolate, while the next three pairs are cordate-lanceolate.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. oligantha, short to long.

E. Stuartiana

E. angophoroides Long.

E. Dunnii

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. oligantha, smooth, red (Kimberleys).

E. Stuartiana, terete, red (Wallangarra and Mudgee).

E. angophoroides, long, weak, thin, inclined to be angular, red (Wyndham).

E. Dunnii, terete, light brown (Acacia Creek, No. 1); red (No. 2).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. oligantha, lobed or very deeply emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Stuartiana, lobed or very deeply emarginate, short, tapering.

E. angophoroides, lobed or very deeply emarginate, sometimes slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Dunnii, emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. oligantha, red (Kimberleys).

E. Stuartiana, purple (Wallangarra); pink (Mudgee); faint tint of pink (Tarana).

E. angophoroides, purple (Wyndham).

E. Dunnii, pink (Acacia Creek, No. 1); crimson (No. 2).




  ― 280 ―

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. oligantha, glaucous white, tinted pink and getting more and more covered with prominent warty glands (Kimberleys).

E. Stuartiana, terete, rather prominent glands, pink or red shading up to pale opaque green (Mudgee); shaded red up to the cotyledons, slightly warty (Tarana).

E. angophoroides, terete, smooth, with prominent glands becoming more pronounced as the plant gets older, pink a little way up (Wyndham).

E. Dunnii, terete, glaucous, covered with rather prominent warty glands (Acacia Creek, No. 1); red shade (No. 2).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. oligantha, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Stuartiana, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate; rachis glandular.

E. angophoroides, petiolate, narrow or linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Dunnii, petiolate, narrow or linear-lanceolate; rachis slightly glandular.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. oligantha, three, lanceolate, nearly sessile, glabrous, but glaucous.

E. Stuartiana, four, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, nearly sessile, glabrous, but glaucous.

E. angophoroides, five, narrow-lanceolate to nearly cordate-lanceolate, nearly sessile, glabrous, green, scarcely glaucous.

E. Dunnii, four, lanceolate to cordate-lanceolate, slightly undulate, very shortly petiolate, glabrous, light green to glaucous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. oligantha, broad-cordate, acute, slightly undulate or the margins crenulate, glaucous, the largest 2½ by 2½ cm., sessile; stem pink to glaucous.

E. Stuartiana, cordate, rather firm, mucronate, glaucous, but not quite so white as E. oligantha, sessile, 2½ by 2 cm.; stem glandular, green.

E. angophoroides, cordate, slightly undulate, sessile, veins somewhat prominent, light glaucous-green; at 7½ inches (19 cm.) 3 by 2 cm. (not far enough advanced).

E. Dunnii, cordate-lanceolate, undulate, shortly petiolate, veins somewhat prominent, glaucous, blotched with red; stem glaucous, shaded pink.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. oligantha.

1st leaves linear, glaucous, undersurface mauve tint. 1st alternate leaves cordate, sessile, glaucous, green (Kimberleys).




  ― 281 ―

E. Stuartiana.

1st leaves linear, pale glaucous green, undersurface purple. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, stem-clasping, undersurface pale (Wallangarra).

1st leaves linear or ovate, pale opaque green, with a faint purple tint on the undersurface of some of them. Leaves cordate, glaucous-green, undersurface paler. Plant 21½ inches (53 cm.) high (Mudgee).

1st leaves linear or narrow-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate (Tarana).

E. angophoroides.

1st leaves linear, pedicel short, later ovate-cordate, sometimes ovate-lanceolate slightly crenulate edge, undersurface pale glaucous green (Wyndham.).

E. Dunnii.

1st leaves linear and ovate, undersurface pale glaucous green (Acacia Creek, No. 1).

1st leaves linear or narrow-lanceolate to ovate, undersurface purple shade (No. 2).

E. Yarraensis.

The following is from the pen of Mr. R. H. Cambage:—

Hypocotyl terete, red, about 6 mm. to 1 cm. long, ·7 mm. thick at base, glabrous.

Cotyledons quadrilateral, slightly emarginate, 1–1·5 mm. long, 3–4 mm. broad, upperside green, underside at first red, becoming reddish-green to pale green.

Stem, red, terete.

Seedling foliage opposite for about the first six or seven pairs, entire, lanceolate to oval-lanceolate, glabrous, upperside green, underside very pale; petiole about 1–1·5 mm. First pair 6 mm. to 1 cm. —long 2–3 mm. broad; second 1·3–1·7 cm. long, 3–6 mm. broad; third and fourth 1·1–2·2 cm. long, 3–9 mm. broad.

Series 15.—Perfoliateae, glaucous

E. Perriniana.

  • (1) Hypocotyl, medium.
  • (2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper), small, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.
  • (3) Stem.
  • (4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture), shortly petiolate, elliptical, glabrous.
  • (5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture), four, elliptical to cordate, sessile, glaucous.
  • (6) Intermediate Leaves, all perfoliate. Perfoliate, ovate-lanceolate or cordate lanceolate then orbicular-ovate, changing again to cordate lanceolate at both ends, glaucous throughout, the margins slightly crenulate edged with pale purple.

The above shapes represent the fusion of two similar leaves into a single erfoliate leaf.




  ― 282 ―

Series 16.—Sessile to stem-clasping, glaucous or pruinose

         
E. pulverulenta.   E. nova-anglica.  
E. urnigera.   E. Gunnii.  
E. cordata.   E. rubida.  
E. cinerea.   E. Dalrympleana.  
E. elæophora.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium. Opposite character indefinite. Leaves small, glaucous, more or less decussate, ranging from orbicular, cordate, to elliptical-lanceolate, all closely sessile or stem-clasping. Stems glaucous to purple-brown.

Reminiscent of certain species of Podalyria and Hypericum. This Series has some resemblance to the Reniformæ (small), Series 7.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. cordata. “Erect, quadrangular, glabrous, red, 3–4·2 cm. long.” (Lubbock.)

E. pulverulenta Long.

E. urnigera

E. cordata, medium.

E. cinerea, medium to long.

E. nova-anglica

E. Gunnii

E. rubida Long.

E. Dalrympleana

E. elæophora

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. pulverulenta, smooth, red (Cox's River).

E. urnigera, red, slightly angular (Mount Wellington); red (Tasmania, No. 1); thick, red (No, 2).

E. cordata, red, smooth (Tasmania).

E. cinerea, crimson, runs evenly down into the root (Marulan); terete, weak, red (Wingello, No. 1); wiry, red (No. 2); red (No. 3); red, slightly warty (Tarana).

E. nova-anglica, red (New England); terete, red (Wallangarra); terete, slightly ribbed, thin, red (Berridale).

E. rubida, red, smooth, rather weak (Wingello); terete, red (Hargraves).

E. Dalrympleana, terete, red (Tinderry); terete, weak, red (Lake St. Clair); terete, red (Tasmania and Lake St. Clair).

E. elæophora, terete, red (Bendigo, Michelago and Bowan Park); pink tinted (Perth, N.S.W.); red, thickening slightly to the root (Grattai); terete, tinted red (Nundle).




  ― 283 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. cordata. “Very similar to the last species (E. rostrata), shallowly emarginate, trinerved.” (Lubbock.)

E. pulverulenta, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. urnigera, scarcely emarginate, short, tapering.

E. cordata, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. cinerea, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. nova-anglica, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Gunnii, small, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. rubida and E. Dalrympleana, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. elæophora, emarginate to lobed, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. pulverulenta, red (Cox's River).

E. urnigera, deep crimson (Mount Wellington); pink (Tasmania).

E. cordata, purple red (Tasmania).

E. cinerea, glaucous (Marulan); purple (Wingello, No. 1); crimson (No. 2); pale green (No. 3); red (Tarana).

E. nova-anglica, red (Wallangarra).

E. rubida, green (Berridale); faint purple tint (Wingello); pale mauve (Hargraves).

E. Dalrympleana, red (Tinderry); red (Lake St. Clair, No. 1); deep crimson (No. 2).

E. elæophora, red (Michelago, Bowan Park and Grattai); crimson (Nundle).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. cordata. “Terete, covered with tubercular or fleshy protuberances, otherwise as in E. rostrata; 1st to 4th internodes 1·5–2·8 cm. long.” (Lubbock.)

E. pulverulenta, glaucous purple, a few glands (Cox's River, No. 1); tinted pink (No. 2).

E. urnigera, angular and covered with prominent warty glands (Mount Wellington); thickly covered with warty glands; branching after the first pair of leaves (Tasmania).

E. cordata, pale green or pinkish white, with rather prominent glands (Tasmania).

E. cinerea, terete, pink, becoming white, with warty oil-glands (Marulan); terete, pink, with wart-like glands (Wingello, No. 1); angular, glaucous pink to green. glandular (No. 2); tinted with pink, covered with warty glands (No. 3); terete, glaucous pink, glandular (Tarana).




  ― 284 ―

E. nova-anglica, glaucous green (New England); terete, pink to powdery white, glandular (Wallangarra).

E. rubida, glaucous pink, terete, a few glands (Wingello); terete, tinted pink (Hargraves).

E. Dalrympleana, glaucous, white, with glands (Tinderry); a little angular, pale yellow with prickly glands (Lake St. Clair); red with a few scattered glands (Tasmania).

E. elæophora, terete, a few glands, pale opaque green and pink (Bendigo); terete, a few glands (Michelago); smooth (Perth, N.S.W.); terete, pink shading to green, weak, depressed glands (Bowan Park); terete, glaucous green and red, warty glands (Grattai); epicotyl terete, red changing to green (Nundle).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. cordata. “First leaves as in E. rostrata, but sometimes entire, or slightly crenate, sessile, or in the case of the first pairs, sub-sessile and acute.” (Lubbock.)

E. pulverulenta, shortly petiolate, obovate, glabrous.

E. urnigera, shortly petiolate, ovate, glabrous.

E. cordata, shortly petiolate, ovate, glabrous.

E. cinerea, sessile to distinctly petiolate, long-ovate, glabrous.

E. nova-anglica, petiolate, oblong or long-ovate; rachis glandular.

E. Gunnii, petiolate, ovate, glabrous; rachis minutely hairy.

E. rubida, petiolate, oblong, glabrous.

E. Dalrympleana, petiolate, ovate-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. elæophora, petiolate, oblong, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. pulverulenta, numerous, ovate, cordate to orbicular, mucronulate, with thin scarcely conspicuous branching veins, glabrous but glaucous.

E. urnigera, numerous, ovate cordate to orbicular, margins crenate, venation fine, branching, glabrous, glaucous to light green; stems glandular.

E. cordata, numerous, lanceolate, cordate-lanceolate to cordate, margins sometimes crenulate, veins fine, branching, glabrous, glaucous, the tips sometimes yellowish green.

E. cinerea, numerous, lanceolate, ovate to orbicular-emarginate, veins fine, branching, glaucous.

E. nova-anglica, numerous, ovate to orbicular, mucronate, veins fine, branching, glabrous, glaucous.

E. Gunnii, narrow-ovate to broad-ovate acute, then ovate, obtuse, veins very fine, branching, glaucous.

E. rubida, numerous, narrow-ovate, elliptical, orbicular, slightly crenulate to cordate, veins fine, branching, glaucous to yellowish green.




  ― 285 ―

E. Dalrympleana, numerous, narrow-ovate, elliptical to cordate, emarginate or acute, veins fine, branching, glaucous to yellowish green.

E. elæophora, numerous, narrow-oblong, ovate to broad-ovate emarginate, sometimes apiculate, veins distinct, white, fairly straight, glaucous to yellowish-glaucous or shading to light green.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

In this Series the Intermediate Leaves are the same as the Subsequent Pairs. In other words, they are not in the alternate stage, and therein lies the difference between this group and group 13.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. pulverulenta.

1st leaves ovate, glaucous. Leaves more advanced, orbicular, sessile, decussate (Cox's River).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple (Cox's River).

E. urnigera.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface purple. Leaves more advanced, nearly orbicular, stem-clasping, crenulate edge, large glands, undersurface green not glaucous (Mount Wellington).

1st leaves lanceolate or ovate (Tasmania).

1st leaves ovate, later orbicular to stem-clasping, glaucous (Tasmania).

E. cordata.

1st leaves ovate, with short petioles, becoming later sessile, ovate-lanceolate and orbicular, very glaucous (Tasmania).

E. cinerea.

1st leaves very small, elliptical, ovate, glaucous on both sides, sessile, afterwards becoming orbicular (Marulan).

1st leaves ovate, broad-ovate to orbicular, shortly petiolate, becoming glaucous. Leaves orbicular, nearly sessile (Wingello, No. 1).

1st leaves oblong, glaucous, sometimes ovate, slightly pointed. Leaves orbicular, sometimes with a slight point, stem-clasping, glaucous (No. 2).

1st leaves narrow-ovate, opposite, afterwards orbicular, glaucous (No. 3).

1st leaves ovate, pale glaucous green, undersurface whiter. Leaves more advanced, orbicular (Tasmania).

E. nova-anglica.

1st leaves eliptical, becoming ovate, sessile, later orbicular, with red midribs (New England).

1st leaves narrow-lanceolate, petiolate. Leaves ovate, slightly cordate, sessile, pale glaucous green, undersurface a little paler (Wallangarra).




  ― 286 ―

E. rubida.

1st leaves lanceolate and lanceolate obtuse (Berridale).

1st leaves linear, petioles short, glaucous undersurface, faint tint of purple. Leaves later, sessile, orbicular to ovate, glaucous, midrib pink (Wingello).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, rather glaucous. Leaves orbicular or cordate, sessile venation and edges red, undersurface rather paler green and glaucous. The pairs of leaves almost parallel and above one another (Hargraves).

E. Dalrympleana.

1st leaves very small, ovate, glaucous, undersurface purple (Tinderry).

1st leaves usually ovate-cordate, sessile. Leaves broad, cordate, sessile, but not stem-clasping, undersurface pale green, decussate. There is a good deal of variation in the leaves of these seedlings, from ovate-lanceolate to ovate-orbicular, the latter cordate, the former not so (Lake St. Clair).

1st leaves small ovate, shortly petiolate, undersurface glaucous, with mauve tint. Leaves orbicular, cordate, stem-clasping, glaucous, midrib red, the same colour on both sides, opposite. Plants from 10 inches to 14 inches (25·5 to 36 cm.) high, leaves not decussate after the quite young stage (Lake St. Clair).

1st leaves oblanceolate to ovate. 1st alternate leaves obovate (Tasmania).

E. elæophora.

1st leaves petiolate, linear, lanceolate. Leaves ovate, almost sessile, under surface slightly paler, opaque whitish green, pink venation, decussate, undulate, edge slightly crenate (Bendigo).

1st leaves narrow-ovate, ovate, orbicular, undersurface green, red edges and midrib (Michelago).

1st leaves lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate (Perth, N.S.W.).

1st leaves linear, ovate, undersurface soft mauve tint (Bowan Park).

1st leaves narrow-ovate, ovate, sessile, undersurface pale whitish green. Height 10½ inches (27 cm.), leaves still opposite and sessile, undersurface pale (Grattai).

1st leaves linear, dull opaque green, undersurface dull purple (Nundle).




  ― 287 ―

Series 17.—Sessile, narrow-lanceolate to elliptical, spreading, stem-clasping

     
E. viminalis.   E. Macarthuri.  
E. Benthami.   E. unialata.  
E. Risdoni var. elata (cult. N.Z.). 

General Appearance.—Cotyledons medium or small to medium. Number of pairs indefinite. Leaves dark green to slightly glaucous, spreading or at right angles from the stem, narrow lanceolate to elliptical; stems glandular. The characters of these five species are fairly uniform.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. viminalis

E. Benthami Long.

E. Macarthuri

E. unialata, very long.

E. Risdoni var. elata, medium.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. viminalis, shaded red (Cooma); red (Marulan); terete, red (Grattai).

E. Benthami, long, delicate, red, thickening to the root (Cobbitty).

E. Macarthuri, red (Wingello); terete, red (Yarrimbah).

E. unialata, terete, smooth, red (Hobart).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. viminalis, small, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Benthami, medium, deeply emarginate or the cotyledon nearly triangular long, tapering.

E. Macarthuri, small, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. unialata, medium, emarginate, faintly trinerved, long, slightly tapering.

E. Risdoni var. elata, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. viminalis, pink (Cooma and Marulan); red (Grattai).

E. Benthami, red (Cobbitty).

E. Macarthuri, red (Wingello); slightly tinted pink (Yarrimbah).

E. unialata, paler green (Hobart).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. viminalis, smooth glandular (Marulan); terete, glandular, tinted pink (Grattai).




  ― 288 ―

E. Benthami, pink with a few glands (Cobbitty Bridge).

E. Macarthuri, smooth, sometimes tinted pink (Wingello).

E. unialata, terete, up to 5 inches, then getting angular, glands, but not very prominent (Hobart).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. viminalis, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Benthami, shortly petiolate, narrow-oblong, glabrous.

E. Macarthuri, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. unialata, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, rachis glandular.

E. Risdoni var. elata, sessile, ovate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. viminalis, numerous (still opposite at 33 inches), narrow-lanceolate, straight, sessile to slightly stem-clasping, veins faint, light to dark green; stem slightly glandular.

E. Benthami, numerous (at 44 inches still opposite), oblong to cordate, then narrow-lanceolate, sessile, veins faint, glaucous to pale green with a yellowish tinge.

E. Macarthuri, numerous (at 26 inches still opposite), narrow-lanceolate to elliptical, then shortly lanceolate, veins faint, light moss green; stem glandular.

E. unialata, numerous (at 31 inches still opposite), oblong lanceolate to ovate, acute, then lanceolate, veins fine, indistinct, glaucous shaded olive green with purple-brown midrib and margins; stem glandular.

E. Risdoni var. elata, numerous (at 42 inches still opposite), ovate to ovate-lanceolate, then lanceolate, veins faint, glaucous with a light greenish shade, when young (2 inches), shaded purple brown; stem glandular.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

Not seen.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. viminalis.

1st leaves lanceolate or ovate, undersurface tinted pink (Marulan).

1st leaves lanceolate, sessile, undersurface paler green. Leaves lanceolate, stem-clasping, decussate. Height 9¾ inches (25 cm.) (Grattai).

E. Benthami.

1st leaves linear-obtuse, petiole short, with faint purple stain on the undersurface. After the two first pairs the leaves become oblong, then ovate decussate, glaucous and paler green on the undersurface (Cobbitty).

E. Macarthuri.

1st leaves elliptical or lanceolate, sessile, still opposite at 15 inches (Wingello).

1st leaves very young, lanceolate (Yarrimbah),




  ― 289 ―

E. unialata.

1st leaves lanceolate, obtuse, undersurface whitish green, sessile, thin. Leaves later, opposite and stem-clasping, undersurface pale green (Hobart).

Series 18.—Sessile, lanceolate, quadrangular, glaucous

     
E. bicostata.   E. nitens.  
E. Maideni.   E. quadrangulata.  
E. goniocalyx.   E. neglecta.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons medium to fairly large; numbers of pairs of leaves indefinite. Leaves glaucous, shaded yellowish green, short to long lanceolate, spreading, orbicular or broadly elliptical in E. neglecta; stems quadrangular.

The seedlings of E. bicostata and E. Maideni are often difficult to discriminate. At the State Nursery, Campbelltown, we find:—

E. bicostata, generally smaller leaves and the upper leaves and stem marked purplish cast.

E. Maideni, only trace of purplish.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. bicostata

E. Maideni Long.

E. goniocalyx

E. nitens

E. quadrangulata, short to medium.

E. neglecta, long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. bicostata, terete, a little ribbed, red (Upper Meroo).

E. Maideni, red (Barber's Creek).

E. goniocalyx, short, smooth, tinted red (Mississippi Creek); terete, somewhat ribbed, red (Melbourne); tinted red, angular (Marulan).

E. nitens, terete, red (Aronmear).

E. quadrangulata, shortish, terete, red (Hill Top); terete, red (Nundle).

E. neglecta, terete, wiry, red.

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. bicostata, deeply lobed, long, slightly tapering.

E. Maideni, deeply lobed, long, tapering.




  ― 290 ―

E. goniocalyx, slightly emarginate, long, tapering.

E. nitens, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. quadrangulata, emarginate, long, tapering.

E. neglecta, emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. bicostata, purple red, variable in tint (Upper Meroo).

E. Maideni, red (Barber's Creek).

E. goniocalyx, red (Mississippi Creek); purple shade (Marulan).

E. quadrangulata, purple tint (Hill Top); red (Nundle).

E. neglecta, green.

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. bicostata, young, angular, whitish green with pink shade (Upper Meroo).

E. Maideni, angular, glaucous white, with warty glands (Barber's Creek).

E. goniocalyx, terete, smooth, pink a little way up (Mississippi Creek); young, slightly angular, glandular, pink to glaucous (Melbourne); angular with warty glands (Marulan).

E. nitens, angular (Aronmear).

E. quadrangulata, pale green, quadrangular, the edges winged, full of oil glands and pink in colour (Hill Top); terete, smooth, shaded pink, getting angular after the third pair of leaves (Nundle).

E. neglecta, red to pinky white, getting angular.

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. bicostata, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Maideni, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. goniocalyx, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. nitens, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. quadrangulata, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. neglecta, petiolate, ovate-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. bicostata, numerous, narrow to broad-lanceolate, slightly undulate, sessile to stem-clasping, glaucous, shaded yellowish-green, with pinkish midrib and margins, veins distinct. Stems acutely quadrangular, glaucous, the angles often reddish.

E. Maideni, numerous, narrow-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, changing to broad-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, stem-clasping, slightly undulate, glaucous with a purplish shading, veins distinct. Stems quadrangular, glaucous to purple-brown.




  ― 291 ―

E. goniocalyx, numerous, narrow-lanceolate, to broad-lanceolate, margins undulate, sessile to stem-clasping, venation distinct, glaucous to light glaucous green. Stems compressed-angular.

E. nitens, numerous, oblong to long-lanceolate, slightly undulate, sessile to stem-clasping, glaucous, shaded yellowish-green, veins somewhat distinct. Stems acutely angular, the angles sometimes reddish.

E. quadrangulata, numerous, narrow to long-lanceolate or almost acuminate-lanceolate, slightly undulate, sessile to stem-clasping, glaucous, shaded yellowish-green, the midrib and margins sometimes reddish. Stems acutely angular, the angles often reddish.

E. neglecta, numerous, ovate to broadly ovate, tending towards ovate-lanceolate, undulate, sessile to stem-clasping, glaucous, shaded yellowish-green, midrib reddish, veins distinct. Stem quadrangular, the angles reddish.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. bicostata, oblong-lanceolate, the apex somewhat acuminate, undulate, stem-clasping, glaucous, veins more or less distinct. At 30 inches (76 cm.), 11½ by 4½ cm.

E. Maideni, ovate to oblong-lanceolate, apex short, undulate, stem-clasping, glaucous, veins more or less distinct. At 24 inches (64 cm.), 10 by 5 cm.

E. goniocalyx, lanceolate, undulate, stem-clasping, glaucous to light glaucous green. At 35 inches (89 cm). 10½ by 4 cm.

E. nitens (the alternate stage not reached). At 18½ inches (47 cm.), 11 by 3 cm., long lanceolate, stem-clasping, glaucous, midrib reddish.

E. quadrangulata, same as in subsequent pairs.

E. neglecta, same as in subsequent pairs.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. bicostata. (See Coloured Plate 1, Part LXXIII.)

1st leaves lanceolate, petiolate, undersurface pale whitish green, tinted pink. Leaves lanceolate, about the third pair sometimes parallel, sometimes decussate (Upper Meroo).

E. Maideni.

1st leaves linear or lanceolate, sessile or petioles very short. 1st alternate leaves, none at 6 inches (15 cm.). The warty epicotyl and young leaves appear slightly glaucous. After the first pair of leaves they become sessile and cordate at the base. Undersurface white (Barber's Creek).

E. goniocalyx.

1st leaves linear and slightly glaucous, shortly petiolate, later obcordate (Mississippi Creek).




  ― 292 ―

1st leaves linear to lanceolate, undersurface pale mauve tint, petiolate, later nearly sessile (Melbourne).

1st leaves linear to lanceolate, undersurface faint shade of purple and glaucous green. Leaves later, lanceolate sessile. At 24 inches it is still unchanged, the leaves sessile and decussate, but the plant is more branched (Marulan).

E. quadrangulata.

1st leaves linear, undersurface purple tint. Leaves still opposite at 13 inches (33 cm.), lanceolate, 4 inches long, sessile, the midrib and edges crimson, the undersurface slightly paler (Hill Top).

1st leaves small, lanceolate, sessile, the fourth pair stem-clasping, the undersurface a pale powdery green with some purple (Nundle).

E. neglecta.

1st leaves small, ovate, undersurface paler green, becoming glaucous.

Series 19.—Short, broadish, Hypericum-like

 
E. maculosa.   E. Baeuerleni.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons medium; leaves 6–7 pairs or more opposite, sub-glaucous to olive green, short, spreading, sessile to very shortly petiolate, oblong, long-ovate to lanceolate, the veins somewhat prominent; stems green to pink.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. maculosa, long.

E. Baeuerleni, short to long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. maculosa, terete, red (Cooma, Wingello and Mount Victoria); terete, red, spindly (Wingello); terete, thin, wiry, red (Capertee).

E. Baeuerleni, smooth, red (Monga).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. maculosa, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Baeuerleni, slightly three-lobed, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. maculosa, red (Cooma); slight purple tint (Capertee).

E. Baeuerleni, red (Monga).




  ― 293 ―

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. maculosa, terete, red (Cooma); at first terete, becoming angled, a few glands (Wingello); terete, shaded pink, with a few rather prominent glands, becoming more marked as the plant gets older and the stem becomes more or less angular (Capertee).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. maculosa, shortly petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Baeuerleni, shortly petiolate, linear or narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. maculosa, six (or more), oblong-lanceolate, nearly sessile, veiny, glaucous to yellowish-green, glabrous.

E. Baeuerleni, three (or more), sessile, narrow-lanceolate, glaucous. (Not far enough advanced.)

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. maculosa, obtuse-lanceolate to lanceolate, slightly veined, dark glaucous to light yellowish-green, shortly petiolate. At 11 inches (28 cm.), 3 by 1 cm., at 24 inches, 6 by 1½ cm.

E. Baeuerleni, long-lanceolate, somewhat rigid, lightly veined, midrib reddish, glaucous to yellowish-glaucous. At 21 inches (53 cm.), 7 by 1½ cm.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. maculosa.

1st leaves linear to lanceolate, petiole, short, undersurface bright green, upper surface dull green (Cooma).

1st leaves linear to lanceolate, shortly petiolate to almost sessile, undersurface pale green, branches at an early stage (Wingello).

1st leaves very small, linear (Mount Victoria).

1st leaves linear-lanceolate, undersurface slightly paler. The venation is rather indistinct, the intramarginal vein is very near the edge (Capertee).

Series 20.—Narrow, semi-rigid

   
E. præcox.   E. parvifolia.  
E. acaciæformis.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons medium; at least six pairs of leaves opposite; slender, virgate, sub-glaucous, changing to a yellowish tint, narrow, almost linear-oblong,


  ― 294 ―
nearly sessile. The last stage still narrow, but more rigid, and still shortly petiolate. Stems pink.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. præcox, long.

E. parvifolia, short to long.

E. acaciæformis, short to long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. parvifolia, terete, red (Kybean).

E. acaciæformis, terete, red (Walcha).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. præcox, emarginate, short taper. It is somewhat triangular.

E. parvifolia, not emarginate, somewhat orbicular, short, scarcely tapering.

E. acaciæformis, small, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. parvifolia, red (Kybean).

E. acaciæformis, green (Walcha).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. parvifolia, slightly angular, glands, red (Kybean).

E. acaciæformis, with warty glands (Walcha).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. præcox, shortly petiolate, narrow or almost linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. parvifolia, sessile, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. acaciæformis, shortly petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. præcox, five (or more), narrow-oblong, glaucous, nearly sessile, glabrous.

E parvifolia, six (or more), linear to narrow-lanceolate, glaucous, sessile or nearly so, glabrous.

E. acaciæformis, ten (or more), linear to narrow-lanceolate, glaucous to dark green, shortly petiolate, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. præcox, narrow-lanceolate, slightly curved and somewhat rigid, glaucous shading to light yellowish-green, veins not prominent, petiole short; at 30 inches (76 cm.), 6 by 1 cm.




  ― 295 ―

E. parvifolia, narrow-oblong, with a long needle-like point, somewhat rigid, glaucous-green, veins obscure; at 120 inches or 305 cm. (just alternate), 4 by ½ cm.

E. acaciæformis, narrow-oblong, obtuse, dark glaucous green shading to light yellowish-green, shortly petiolate, 2½ by ½ cm. The plant is very leafy at this stage, and the leaves are all short.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. parvifolia.

1st leaves linear, stem-clasping (Kybean).

E. acaciæformis.

1st leaves linear (Walcha).

Series 21.—Narrow-lanceolate

   
E. intertexta.   E. pallidifolia (in first stage). 
E. rostrata.   E. Dwyeri.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons medium; 4–6 pairs of leaves opposite, greenish, or slightly glaucous, sometimes tinged with red or purple-brown, oblong to long-lanceolate, venation moderately distinct.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. rostrata. “Erect, terete, glabrous, red, 5–8 mm. long.” (Lubbock.)

E. intertexta, medium.

E. rostrata, medium.

E. pallidifolia, short.

E. Dwyeri, medium.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. intertexta, red (Coolabah, No. 1); red, slightly angular (No. 2).

E. rostrata, terete, pale green with slight tint of pink at base (Cargelligo); terete, red (Dunedoo).

E. pallidifolia, rather short, terete, red (Normanton).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. rostrata. “Small, transversely oblong, obtuse, entire, sometimes almost cordate at the base, glabrous, green, indistinctly one-nerved, with short and rather flat petioles.” (Lubbock.)

E. intertexta, very slightly emarginate, short tapering.

E. rostrata, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. pallidifolia, not emarginate, short, tapering, aff. with E. intertexta.

E. Dwyeri, emarginate, short, tapering.




  ― 296 ―

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. intertexta, green (Coolabah and Dunedoo); faint purple tint (Coolabah); pale green (Cargelligo).

E. pallidifolia, green or purple (Normanton).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. rostrata. “Erect, square, herbaceous, ultimately woody, stained with red; 1st internode 2–4 mm.; 2nd, 3rd and 4th, 6–10 mm.” (Lubbock.)

E. intertexta, smooth, slightly angular (Coolabah).

E. rostrata, angular from the alternate stage of the leaves (Cargelligo); red (Nyngan); red, smooth, terete, becoming angular with the alternate leaves (Dunedoo).

E. pallidifolia, smooth, slightly angular, tinted pink (Normanton).

(1) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

“First leaves (E. rostrata) as in E. globulus, but oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, light green above, deep red beneath.” (Lubbock.)

E. intertexta, E. rostrata, E. pallidifolia, and E. Dwyeri, all petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. intertexta, six, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, light green, veins somewhat prominent, glabrous; stem pinkish.

E. rostrata, three, lanceolate to narrow-lanceolate, sub-glaucous, shaded yellowish-green, veins distinct, glabrous; stem reddish.

E. pallidifolia, four, narrow-lanceolate, yellowish-green, glabrous; stem reddish. (Not far enough advanced.)

E. Dwyeri, four, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, glaucous, shaded light green, veins distinct, glabrous; stem reddish.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. intertexta, attenuate-lanceolate, slightly curved, veins somewhat prominent, light yellowish-green; stem flexuose, reddish.

E. rostrata, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, glaucous to light green, midrib reddish, lateral veins obscure, stem slightly angular, reddish.

E. pallidifolia, short, inclined to broad-lanceolate, veiny, somewhat triplinerved, sub-glaucous, shaded yellowish-green, except upper leaves, which are a pale purple brown. Stem slightly flexuose, reddish.

E. Dwyeri, attenuate-lanceolate, curved and undulate, veiny, midrib sometimes reddish, olive green shaded light yellowish-green.




  ― 297 ―

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. intertexta.

1st leaves linear and lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves linear or narrow-lanceolate, 4 inches (10 cm.) long (Coolabah).

E. rostrata.

1st leaves ovate, underside pale opaque-green, petiolate, decussate, thin. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, petiolate, red midrib, undersurface pale green, decussate (Cargelligo).

1st leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves linear (Nyngan).

1st leaves small, ovate, petiolate. Leaves (at 6 inches or 15 cm. high) narrow-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, inclined to be appressed to the stem, red margin, midrib and venation (probably winter colouring) (Dunedoo).

E. pallidifolia.

1st leaves linear and lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate, thick, with a pale yellow green midrib, and semi-transparent edge, alike on both sides (Normanton).

Series 22.—Narrow-oblong to attenuate (lanceolate falcate)

     
E. scoparia.   E. Morrisii.  
E. exserta.   E. Parramattensis.  
E. Seeana.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons medium; 3–6 pairs of leaves opposite, dark to light green, shaded pink or light flame colour, ranging from narrow-linear to long and narrow-lanceolate, falcate; stems green or pink.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. scoparia, long.

E. exserta, short.

E. Morrisii, short.

E. Parramattensis, medium.

E. Seeana, short to medium.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. scoparia, terete, thin, red (Wallangarra).

E. exserta, crimson, does not thin into the root (Queensland).

E. Morrisii, smooth, pink (Coolabah).

E. Parramattensis, smooth, red, epicotyl inclined to be angular (Parramatta).

E. Seeana, terete, red (Wallangarra and Brisbane).




  ― 298 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. scoparia, emarginate, long, tapering.

E. exserta, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Morrisii, slightly trilobed, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Parramattensis, sometimes small, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Seeana, emarginate to cuneate emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. scoparia, red (Wallangarra, No. 1); tinted pink (No. 2).

E. exserta, green (Queensland).

E. Morrisii, purple tint (Coolabah).

E. Parramattensis, red (Parramatta).

E. Seeana, green or with a slight pink tint; pale green (Grafton); green (Wallangarra).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. scoparia, crimson (Wallangarra).

E. exserta, slightly angular, crimson.

E. Morrisii, wiry, red, smooth, with a few glands (Coolabah).

E. Parramattensis, terete, smooth, red (Parramatta).

E. Seeana, terete, pale green, a few scattered glands; slightly shaded pink (Grafton); terete, red (Wallangarra); red, angular, a few glands (Brisbane.)

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. scoparia, petiolate, almost linear-lanceolate, curved, glabrous.

E. exserta, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Morrisii, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Parramattensis, petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

R. Seeana, petiolate, almost linear-oblong, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. scoparia, two, narrow-lanceolate, slightly curved, light green, glabrous.

E. exserta, six, linear-lanceolate, light green with yellowish tinge, up to 10 cm. long, glabrous.

E. Morrisii, three, narrow-lanceolate, light green shaded yellow, glabrous.

E. Parramattensis, four, narrow-lanceolate to oblong, light green shaded pink, glabrous.




  ― 299 ―

E. Seeana, four, narrow-lanceolate, green, glabrous. This has the same general colour as E. Parramattensis. It is, however, a smaller plant, but about the same age as E. Parramattensis.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. scoparia, almost linear-lanceolate, somewhat rigid, straight or slightly curved, dark green; at 30 inches (76 cm.), 12 by ½ cm.

E. exserta, linear-lanceolate, very acute or the point attenuate, straight to flexuose, the margins undulate, dark green shading to yellowish-green, and then to madder-lake; at 13½ inches (34 cm.), 12 cm. by 4 mm., very flexuose.

E. Morrisii, oblong-lanceolate to almost linear-lanceolate, undulate, light green, shading to madder-lake.

E. Parramattensis, narrow-lanceolate, obtuse to lanceolate acute, veiny, light green shaded pink; at 7 inches (18 cm.), 6 by 1 cm. The last stage (height not given) a very dark green, 12 by ¾ cm.

E. Seeana, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, dark green. In the last stage lanceolate-falcate, light to dark green, 13 by 1 cm.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. scoparia.

1st leaves linear (Wallangarra).

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves linear (Wallangarra).

E. exserta.

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface green. 1st alternate leaves linear, very long and narrow.

E. Morrisii.

1st leaves linear to narrow-ovate. 1st alternate leaves linear (Coolabah).

E. Parramattensis.

1st leaves linear and lanceolate, red midrib. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, red midrib, undersurface pale green (Parramatta).

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, undersurface paler green (Canley Vale).

E. Seeana.

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate and linear, variable in width, undersurface pale green, thin (Grafton).

1st leaves very small, linear or ovate, petiolate, venation red. Leaves ovate, petiolate, red midrib and edges, undersurface slightly paler (Wallangarra).

1st leaves linear, undersurface purple. 1st alternate leaves ovate, undersurface purple-red (Brisbane).




  ― 300 ―

Series 23.—Semi-terete to quadrangular, petiolate, elliptical to orbicular

       
E. dealbala.   E. cosmophylla.  
E. tereticornis.   E. alba.  
E, amplifolia.   E. Blakelyi.  
E. Bancrofti.   E. Deanei.  

E. pumila.

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to medium; 3–6 pairs of leaves opposite, broad throughtout, vemulose, light green to slightly glaucous and also more or less tinged with red, oblong, broadly ovate-elliptical to broad-lanceolate with a tendency to orbicular in cosmophylla, Bancrofti, and amplifolia. Stems at first semi-terete, but angular in the first six species, ranging in colour from whitish to green shaded with purple-brown.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. dealbata, E. tereticornis, and E. amplifolia, medium.

E. Bancrofti, short.

E. cosmophylla, medium.

E. alba, short to medium.

E. Blakelyi, medium.

E. Deanei and E. pumila, short.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. dealbata, terete, red, wiry (Bowning, No. 1); terete, red (Bowning, No. 2, also Grenfell and Wellington); terete, red, spindly (Mount McDonald); smooth, red, slightly angular (Narrabri, No. 1); pink, smooth, thickening very slightly to the root (No. 2); terete, red, weak and spindly (Bugaldi); tinted pink (Warialda).

E. tereticornis, terete, red (Outer Domain); red (Port Macquarie).

E. amplifolia, terete, red (Towrang).

E. Bancrofti, terete, red (Cooma and Wallangarra); terete, crimson (Stan thorpe).

E. cosmosphylla, terete, wiry, red (S.A.); runs abruptly into the root, slightly angular, crimson (Kangaroo Island).

E. alba, crimson, thickening into the root (Java); green (E. platyphylla) (Queensland).

E. Blakelyi, smooth, terete, red (Stanthorpe); terete, crimson (Stanthorpe); terete, red (Stanthorpe).

E. Deanei, tapers into the root, crimson (Sandy Flat).

E. pumila, terete, red (Pokolbin).




  ― 301 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. dealbata, small, emarginate, long, tapering.

E. tereticornis, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. amplifolia, slightly emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Bancrofti, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. cosmophylla, deeply emárginate, short, tapering.

E. alba and E. Blakelyi, emarginate, short, tapering.

E. Deanei, emarginate, cuneate, short, tapering.

E. pumila, emarginate, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. dealbata, green (Bowning, Grenfell, Bugaldi, and Warialda); pale green (Wellington); tinted purple (Narrabri, 2); faint purple shade (Narrabri, 28).

E. tereticornis, green (Outer Domain and Port Macquarie).

E. Bancrofti, green (Stanthorpe).

E. cosmophylla, slight pink tint (S.A.); green (Kangaroo Island).

E. alba, pale green (Java); green (E. platyphylla, Queensland).

E. Blakelyi, red (Stanthorpe, B. 70); green (Stanthorpe, 34, 76 and 79).

E. Deanei, pink (Sandy Flat).

E. pumila, tinted red (Pokolbin).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. dealbata, smooth, slightly angled (Bowning, Williams); angular, pink (Bowning, Boyd); angular, powdery, white and pink (Wellington); becoming angular with the alternate leaves, glaucous pink (Mount McDonald); slightly angular, tinted (Narrabri, 2); angular, tinted red (Bugaldi); pale green (Warialda).

E. tereticornis, angular, green, sometimes with a pink tint (Port Macquarie).

E. amplifolia, terete, afterwards angular, edged with red (Towrang, C. 98); terete, shaded pink (Towrang, C. 94).

E. Bancrofti, at first terete, becoming angular (Cooma); terete, shiny (Wallangarra); slightly angular, tinted red (Stanthorpe).

E. cosmophylla, smooth, red (Kangaroo Island).

E. alba, angular, warty glands, shaded crimson (Java).

E. Blakelyi, terete, smooth, tinted red (Stanthorpe, B. 70); crimson. slightly angular (Stanthorpe, 34).

E. Deanei, red, angular (Sandy Flat, Tenterfield).




  ― 302 ―

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. dealbata, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. tereticornis, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. amplifolia, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Bancrofti, stem glandular, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate to nearly ovate-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. cosmophylla, petiolate, petiole long, ovate-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. alba, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Blakelyi, petiolate, petiole rather long, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Deanei, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. pumila, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. dealbata, four, short-lanceolate, venulose, glaucous, midrib reddish also the stem, glabrous.

E. tereticornis, two, short-lanceolate to elliptical-lanceolate, venulose, slightly glaucous shading to yellowish-green, midrib sometimes reddish, also the stem, glabrous.

E. amplifolia, three (or more), lanceolate, veins scarcely distinct, light green, glabrous.

E. Bancrofti, two (or more), lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, venulose, light green, midrib sometimes reddish, glabrous.

E. cosmophylla, two or three, lanceolate to elliptical-lanceolate, venulose, light green with a yellowish cast, midrib sometimes reddish, also the stem, glabrous.

E. alba, six, lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, veins somewhat distinct, light green, glabrous.

E. Blakelyi, four, lanceolate, obtuse to acute, venulose, dark green shading to yellowish-green, glabrous; stem reddish.

E. Deanei, four, narrow-lanceolate, light green, venation distinct, spreading.

E. pumila, two, obtuse-lanceolate, venulose, glaucous, midrib reddish, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. dealbata, broad-lanceolate to elliptical-lanceolate, firm, venulose, sometimes triplinerved, the midrib and the stronger lateral nerves somewhat reddish, glaucous, shaded yellowish-green. At 29 inches (74 cm.), 7 by 5 cm. Stem compressed angular to quadrangular.

E. tereticornis, elliptical-lanceolate to lanceolate, slightly undulate, veins prominent, sometimes triplinerved, dark green shaded yellowish-green, or the young tips purple-brown, midrib reddish to purple-brown. At 5¾ inches (15 cm.), 6 by 2 cm.; at 9 inches (23 cm.), 5 by 2½ cm. and 7½ by 2½ cm. on the same twig. Stem slightly angular.




  ― 303 ―

E. amplifolia, broad-lanceolate to lanceolate, slightly undulate, with rather few but distinct white veins, imperfectly triplinerved, light green, or glaucous shading to lighter green; stem slightly angular.

E. Bancrofti, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, then elliptical to broad-lanceolate, undulate, but at a later stage firm and thick, dark green mottled with yellowish-green, midrib sometimes reddish. At 18 inches (46 cm.), 9 by 3 cm.; at 27 inches (69 cm.), 10 by 4½ cm., and at a later stage (height not given), 5 by 3 cm. (84). Stem slightly quadrangular. In a specimen (B 86), the leaves are nearly orbicular; at 26 inches (66 cm.), 7 by 6½ cm., with the same colouring as 84.

E. cosmophylla, elliptical to nearly orbicular, apiculate, slightly undulate, veins prominent, midrib reddish, dark green, shaded glaucous and also with a light yellowish-green shade; at about 6 inches (15 cm.), 5 by 3 cm.; at 10 inches (25·5 cm.), 7 by 5½ cm., glaucous green. Another specimen at 22 inches (56 cm.), 9 by 8 cm., slightly undulate, dark yellowish-green; stem angular.

E. alba, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, undulate, strongly veined, midrib reddish, dark green shading to light green, tips deep rose; at 8 inches (20 cm.), 8 by 4 cm. to 8½ by 4 cm., stem compressed.

E. Blakelyi, broad-elliptical, undulate to broad-lanceolate, firm, venulose, midrib reddish, light green, 6 by 4 cm.; at 13½ inches (34 cm.), 8 by 4 cm. Stem sometimes flexuose, reddish.

E. Deanei, broad-lanceolate, undulate, with spreading reddish nerves, dark green shaded yellowish-green; at 7 inches (18 cm.), 6 by 3 cm.; stem quadrangular or slightly so, reddish.

E. pumila, ovate to broad-lanceolate, to almost oblong-lanceolate, apiculate, veins scarcely prominent, glaucous to yellowish-green; at 9 inches (23 cm.), 4 by 3½ cm.; at 16 inches (41 cm.), 5 by 3½ cm.; at 18½ inches (47 cm.), 6 by 3 cm. to 8 by 3 cm. on the same twig. Stems slightly flexuose, reddish.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. dealbata.

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, ovate, undersurface pale opaque green. Leaves, plant 9½ inches (24 cm.) high, ovate, venation marked, undersurface pale green, petiolate, red edges and first part of midrib (Bowning, Williams).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface pale green. Leaves broadly ovate, venation red, undersurface pale green (Bowning, Boyd).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, generally alternate after the second pair. Hardly paler on the undersurface (Wellington).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, small. Leaves later, ovate-elliptical, midrib red, sometimes the edges also, petiolate, undersurface pale green (Mount McDonald).




  ― 304 ―

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate, slightly undulate, undersurface red (Narrabri).

1st leaves lanceolate, central nerve and edges red, petiolate, undersurface tinted red. Leaves ovate, petiolate, venation and the young leaves tinted purple, also on the undersurface (Bugaldi).

1st leaves lanceolate, some ovate. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate (Warialda).

E. tereticornis.

1st leaves very tiny lanceolate, later, ovate, undersurface pale green, red edges and petiole (Outer Domain).

1st leaves, first pair linear, afterwards ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate orbicular, undersurface pale glaucous green (Port Macquarie).

E. amplifolia.

1st leaves ovate. Leaves more advanced, large, flat, glaucous green (Towrang, 98).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface scarcely paler (Towrang, 94).

E. Bancrofti.

1st leaves ovate. Leaves ovate to orbicular, petiolate, venation distinct, undersurface pale green, decussate, alternate after the second pair, somewhat undulate (Cooma).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate. Leaves lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, alternate after the second pair, undersurface slightly paler, petiolate, undulate, distinct venation (Wallangarra).

1st leaves lanceolate, elliptical, irregular in shape. 1st alternate leaves ovate, red colour at the back (Stanthorpe).

E. cosmophylla.

1st leaves small, ovate, petiolate, decurrent (S.A.).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate (Kangaroo Island).

E. alba.

1st leaves lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate (Java).

1st leaves ovate, slightly sinuous. 1st alternate leaves ovate, sinuous (E. platyphylla, Queensland).

E. Blakelyi.

1st leaves ovate. 1st alternate leaves large, ovate, undulate, red edges and midrib, the same colour on both sides (Stanthorpe, 70).

1st leaves ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate, midrib red, undersurface pale glaucous green (Stanthorpe, 34).




  ― 305 ―

Leaves lanceolate, petiolate, inclined to be trinerved, red midrib, edges and main nerves (Stanthorpe, 76).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface pale green. Leaves later, decussate, ovate, slightly undulate, petiolate, undersurface green, red edges and venation (Stanthorpe, 79).

E. Deanei.

1st leaves linear, undersurface tinted red (Tenterfield).

Series 24.—Stems quadrangular

 
E. rudis.   E. diversicolor.  

E. Guilfoylei.

General Appearance.—Stems quadrangular, usually edged with reddish or bright purple-brown lines. Young plants slender, the opposite character of the leaves well marked for at least six to twelve pairs. Leaves smallish, spathulate to lanceolate, all distinctly petiolate. As the plants approach the intermediate leaved stage the leaves become broad and markedly undulate, with scarcely prominent veins, and they retain a light green colour throughout.

The plants bear a very striking resemblance to Group 23, the E. dealbata-tereticornis group, but the opposite character appears to be carried a little further, and the venation is also much finer, especially in E. Guilfoylei, which appears to have some connection with Series 26.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. rudis, short to medium.

E. diversicolor, long.

E. Guilfoylei, very long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. rudis, short, smooth, red (Waroona); terete, red (Woorooloo).

E. diversicolor, long, terete, but inclined to be angular, and more so in the epicotyl (W.A.); red (Denmark, W.A.).

E. Guilfoylei, terete, red, spindly, thickening a little at the base (A Murphy, 120); red, thickening at the base (Denmark); long crimson, the stem shading paler upwards, thickens towards the root (S. W. Jackson).

(2) Cotyledons.

E. rudis, emarginate, short, sometimes long, tapering.

E. diversicolor, large, slightly emarginate to unequally lobed, very long, tapering.

E. Guilfoylei, emarginate, long, slightly tapering, trinerved.




  ― 306 ―

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. rudis, red or pink (Waroona); very slight purple tint (Woorooloo); pale green (W.A., 217).

E. diversicolor, red (W.A., Z.); pale mauve tint (A. Murphy).

E. Guilfoylei, faint tint of purple at back (S. W. Jackson); purple red (A. Murphy, 120).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. rudis, smooth, glands, angular, red (Waroona); terete, spindly, tinted pink (Woorooloo); red (W.A., 217).

E. diversicolor, above the cotyledons, pale green, angular (W.A., Z.); tinted pink (Denmark, W.A.).

E. Guilfoylei, epicotyl smooth and angular, edged with red (S. W. Jackson); pale green, edged with red, angular (Denmark).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. rudis, petiolate, ovate to lanceolate, glabrous.

E. diversicolor, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Guilfoylei, petiolate, oblanceolate to spathulate, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. rudis, four or more, lanceolate, somewhat undulate, veins not prominent, dark green, glabrous.

E. diversicolor, seven, lanceolate, venulose, light green, glabrous, stem slightly quadrangular.

E. Guilfoylei, numerous, lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, undulate, glabrous, petioles distinct.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. rudis, ovate-lanceolate to orbicular, then at a later stage broadly lanceolate, venulose, subtriplinerved, yellowish-green, the veins sometimes reddish. At 6 inches (15 cm.), 3½ by 2½ cm., at 16 inches (41 cm.), 5 by 4½ cm., and at 19 inches (48 cm.), 6 by 5 cm. Stem reddish.

E. diversicolor, elliptical to oblong-lanceolate, very undulate, with rather prominent nerves, dark green, shaded to light yellowish-green. At 24 inches (61 cm.), 6 by 3½ cm., petioles reddish, stem quadrangular; yellowish-green with reddish markings.

E. Guilfoylei, leaves ovate-lanceolate, sometimes strongly undulate, veins faint, parallel, rather distant. At 21½ inches (54 cm.) high, 9 cm. long, 4 cm. broad, and at 27 inches (69 cm.), 10 cm. long, 5 cm. broad, light yellowish-green, sometimes tinged with very pale purple-brown, petiole medium, purple-brown. Stem quadrangular, the angles edged with purple-brown, the remainder of the stem green (S. W. Jackson). The venation is somewhat similar to that of the Corymbosæ, and to the Group 26.




  ― 307 ―

E. rudis.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

1st leaves ovate, midrib red. 1st alternate leaves ovate, undersurface pale opaque green, venation red (Waroona).

1st leaves small lanceolate or ovate, late ovate-undulate, undersurface pale green with a purple tint. Leaves large, orbicular, petiolate, undersurface pale (Woorooloo).

E. diversicolor.

1st leaves ovate, undersurface glaucous. 1st alternate leaves the same, larger (W.A., Z.).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface paler green (W.A., 115).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface glaucous. 1st alternate leaves broad-lanceolate, sinuous (Denmark, W.A.).

E. Guilfoylei.

1st leaves spathulate or ellipsoid. 1st alternate leaves ovate, undersurface pale green, red edge (S. W. Jackson).

1st leaves spathulate (A. Murphy, 120).

1st leaves spathulate or ellipsoid. Leaves ovate, undulate, undersurface pale green (Denmark).

Plant 13 inches (33 cm.) high, leaves large, 4½ inches (11·5 cm.), with petiole, ovate lanceolate, undulate, undersurface pale green, still opposite; stem very angular (Denmark).

Series 25.—Longifolia

   
E. canaliculata.   E. longifolia.  
E. Kirtoniana.   E. longifolia var. multiflora.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons fairly large; 4–5 pairs of leaves opposite, light green tinged with red, long lanceolate, venation distinct and spreading, stems terete to slightly angular.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. canaliculata

E. Kirtoniana Long.

E. longifolia var. multiflora

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. canaliculata, red and slightly ridged (Dungog).

E. Kirtoniana, terete, shaded pink (Fraser Island, also Stradbroke Island); terete, weak, red (Bulladelah).

E. longifolia, red, smooth (Gosford); terete, red (Woy Woy); terete, but becoming ribbed or angular where the cotyledons come, red at the base, shading off pink (Rookwood); short, smooth, red (Nowra).

var. multiflora, terete, red (Kincumber).




  ― 308 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. canaliculata

E. Kirtoniana Emarginate, long, tapering.

E. longifolia var. multiflora

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. canaliculata, red (Dungog).

E. Kirtoniana, green (Fraser Island, Stradbroke Island, and Bulladelah).

E. longifolia, red (Gosford, A. 16, and Nowra); pale green (Gosford 05); green (Woy Woy); green, with sometimes a slight tint of purple (Rookwood).

var. multiflora, green (Kincumber).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Kirtoniana, slightly angular in the alternate stage of the leaves (Stradbroke Island); angular, small glands, tinted pink (Bullahdelah).

E. longifolia, smooth, angular, tinted pink about 4 inches up (Gosford, A 16); crimson (Gosford 05).

var. multiflora, terete, red (Kincumber).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. canaliculata, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Kirtoniana, petiolate, petiole long, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. longifolia, petiole long, oblong, glabrous. In another specimen the first pair are lanceolate.

var. multiflora, petiole long, ovate, acute, glabrous. Broader than the typical form.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. canaliculata, four, lanceolate, veins spreading, dark green shaded with light yellow, glabrous.

E. Kirtoniana, three, lanceolate, undulate, veins spreading, dark to light green glabrous.

E. longifolia, three, lanceolate obtuse, slightly undulate, veins spreading, dark to light yellowish-green.

var. multiflora, two (or more), lanceolate, light green, glabrous. (Not far enough advanced).

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. canaliculata, lanceolate, slightly undulate, inclined to be triplinerved towards the base, dark green. At 5½ inches (14 cm.), 9 by 2 cm., at 18½ inches (47 cm.), still lanceolate, 9 by 3 cm., at 25 inches high (64 cm.), 5 cm. long, 1·5 cm. broad.




  ― 309 ―

E. Kirtoniana, lanceolate, undulate, veins somewhat distinct, spreading, dark green shaded light yellowish-green. At 17 inches (43 cm.) 12 by 2 cm., at 27 inches (69 cm.) slightly more acuminate, 6 by 2½ cm.

E. longifolia, lanceolate, somewhat firm, veins distinct, spreading, light green with still lighter green veins. At 9 inches (23 cm.) 6 by 1½ cm., at 15½ inches (39·5 cm.) broad lanceolate, 9 by 4 cm., and at 21 inches (53 cm.) lanceolate, 9 by 2½ cm. (at 26½ inches or 67 cm., broad-lanceolate, 13 by 4 cm., No. 009A), and at 19 inches (48 cm.) lanceolate falcate, 14 by 3 cm.

var. multiflora, narrow to broad-lanceolate, inclined to be short, as it gets broader, undulate, veins distinct, spreading, dark green shading to light green. At 5½ inches (14 cm.), 7 by 3 cm., at 14 inches (36 cm.), 9 by 4 cm., somewhat similar to No. 009A, E. longifolia, with spreading venation.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Kirtoniana.

1st leaves lanceolate, petiolate, decussate (Fraser Island).

1st leaves lanceolate, petiolate, decussate. Leaves lanceolate, petiolate, alternate, some broadish (Stradbroke Island).

1st leaves ovate, petiolate, undersurface pale whitish green, opposite decurrent.

E. longifolia.

1st leaves linear, undersurface pale green. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, a little sinuous, undersurface pale glaucous green (Gosford, A. 16).

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves linear-lanceolate (Gosford 05).

1st leaves slightly spathulate, lanceolate (Woy Woy).

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface pale green, pedunculate, decussate (Rookwood).

1st leaves linear (Nowra).

var. multiflora.

1st leaves broad lanceolate (Kincumber).

Series 26.—Fine parallel venation

           
E. Shiressii.   E. punctata var. 
E. punctata.   E. resinifera.  
E. propinqua.   E. notabilis.  
E. adjuncta.   E. pellita.  
E. botryoides.   E. saligna.  
E. robusta.   E. grandis.  

General Appearance.—Cotyledons small to large; 4–6 pairs of leaves opposite, light green shading into madder-lake and purple-brown, narrow-lanceolate, finely veined, stems terete to angular, green to purple-brown.




  ― 310 ―

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Shiressii, E. punctata, E. propinqua, and E. adjuncta, long.

E. botryoides and E. robusta, medium to long.

E. punctata var., E. resinifera, E. notabilis, E. pellita, E. saligna and E. grandis, long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Shiressii, terete, red (Galston).

E. punctata, red (Acacia Greek, Queensland border, also Oatley, Sydney); terete, wiry, red (Gosford); terete, red (Tumble-down Dick, Sydney, Nowra): sturdy, terete, red (Manly); thickening slightly to the root, red (Como).

E. propinqua, crimson (Rolland's Plains); terete, slight, shaded pink (Craven State Forest); terete, red, thin (Port Stephens).

E. adjuncta, rather short, slightly angular, red, sturdy (Wyee), red (Morrisett).

E. botryoides, smooth, red, slightly angular at the top (La Perouse).

E. resinifera, smooth, pink, thickens slightly to the root (Como).

E. notabilis, terete, pink, thicker towards base (Glenbrook); terete, wiry, red (Glenbrook).

E. pellita, terete, weak, red (Gosford); terete, red (Wyong).

E. saligna, terete, red (Gosford); red, slightly angular at the top (Gosford A. 33).

E. grandis, terete, tall, red (Bulladelah).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Shiressii, E. punctata, E. propinqua, and E. adjuncta, deeply emarginate, slightly triangular, long, tapering.

E. botryoides, emarginate, broadly triangular, short, tapering.

E. robusta and E. punctata var., emarginate, triangular, short, tapering.

E. resinifera and E. notabilis, emarginate, long, tapering.

E. pellita, deeply emarginate, broad cuneate to triangular, long, tapering.

E. saligna, deeply emarginate, triangular, long, tapering.

E. grandis, emarginate, oblong-triangular, short, tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Shiressii, red (Galston).

E. punctata, green or purple (Acacia Creek); red (Gosford, Oatley, Nowra); purplish (Tumble-down Dick); purplish red (Manly); tinted red (Como).

E. propinqua, pale green (Rolland's Plains); green (Craven State Forest, also Port Stephens).




  ― 311 ―

E. adjuncta, deep red (Wyee); red (Morrisett).

E. botryoides, green (Kincumber); pink (La Perouse).

E. robusta, green (La Perouse).

E. resinifera, crimson (Como).

E. notabilis, tinted purplish red (Glenbrook, 138); crimson (Glenbrook, 103).

E. pellita, green (Gosford); purplish red (Wyong).

E. saligna, green (Wyong and Gosford, 112); pink tint, or entirely pale green (Gosford, 33).

E. grandis, puce (Bulladelah).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E punctata, tinted pink, with a few warty glands (Acacia Creek); terete, changing to angular (Tumble-down Dick); curving, a little angular, with warty glands (Como); tinted red (Oatley).

E. propinqua, crimson (Rolland's Plains); angular, a few glands, shaded red (Port Stephens).

E. botryoides, red (Kincumber); red, becoming angular, small warty glands (La Perouse).

E. robusta, faintly tinted red, angular (La Perouse).

E. resinifera, red (Como).

E. pellita, slightly tinted red (Wyong).

E. saligna, slightly tinted pink (Wyong); at first terete, becoming angular after the first, second or third pair of leaves. Red to pink, to a pale whitish-green (Gosford); angular with warty glands (Gosford, 33).

E. grandis, after 2 inches (5 cm.) high becoming angular, smooth and still red at 7 inches (18 cm.) high (Bulladelah).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Shiressii, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. punctata, petiolate, narrow, oblong-lanceolate, petiole long, glabrous.

E. propinqua and E. adjuncta, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. botryoides, petiolate, narrow oblong, glabrous.

E. robusta and E. punctata var., petiole long, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. resinifera, petiolate, narrow to almost linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. notabilis and E. pellita, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. saligna, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. grandis, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous.




  ― 312 ―

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Shiressii, three, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, glaucous-green, petiole rather long, glabrous.

E. punctata, three (or more), lanceolate (broader than E. Shiressii), slightly undulate, glaucous green, shaded red, glabrous, petiole rather long.

E. propinqua, five, lanceolate, undulate, light green, glabrous.

E. adjuncta, two, lanceolate, undulate, light green, glabrous.

E. botryoides, three, lanceolate, slightly undulate, light green, glabrous.

E. robusta, four, lanceolate, light green, glabrous.

E. punctata var., two (or more), lanceolate, light green, glabrous.

E. resinifera, three, narrow-lanceolate, light green, glabrous. (Imperfect.)

E. notabilis, five, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, sub-recurved, firm, dark green, slightly shaded with yellowish-green, glabrous.

E. pellita, three, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, dark green, shaded light yellowish-green, glabrous.

E. saligna, four. In some only two, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, slightly undulate, light green shaded to yellowish-green, glabrous.

E. grandis, four, oblong-lanceolate, firm, glaucous green shading to light yellowish-green, glabrous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Shiressii, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, dark green shading to yellowish-green. At 7½ inches (19 cm.), 7½ by 1 cm.; at 17½ inches (48 cm.), 6 by 1 cm.; at 30 inches (76 cm.), 10 cm. long, 1·5 cm. broad. Stem terete, pink.

E. punctata, broad lanceolate, slightly undulate, dark green shading to yellowish-green. Intramarginal vein distant from the edge at the base. At 6½ inches (16·5 cm.), 9 by 2 cm.; at 14 inches, (36 cm.), 5 by 1½ cm. Both are almost triplinerved. Stem quadrangular, pinkish.

E. propinqua, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, dark green shaded to yellowish green. At 6 inches (15 cm.), 5 by 1 cm.; at 22 inches (56 cm.), 5 by 1½ cm. Stem quadrangular, the angles reddish.

E. adjuncta, lanceolate, slightly undulate, pale green shading to very pale yellowish-green. At 7 inches (18 cm.), 5 by 1 cm., stem slightly angular, green.

E. botryoides, lanceolate, slightly undulate, light green shading to very light yellowish-green. At 9 inches (23 cm.), 5 by 1½ cm. Another plant (X 68) at 31 inches (79 cm.), 9½ by 3 cm.; ovate lanceolate, dark green; stem terete, reddish.

E. robusta, narrow to broad-lanceolate, undulate, dark green shaded yellowish-green. At 7 inches (18 cm.), 5 by 1½ cm. Another plant (X 84) at 26 inches (66 cm.), 11 by 3½ cm.; stem angular, reddish.




  ― 313 ―

E. punctata var., lanceolate or narrow-lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, undulate, light yellowish-green, shading to dark green. At 6¾ inches (17 cm.), 7 by 2 cm.; at 16½ inches (42 cm.), 11 by 2½ cm.; and at 28 inches (71 cm.), 15 by 4 cm. Stem somewhat angular, reddish.

E. resinifera, lanceolate to falcate-lanceolate, slightly undulate, light green (height not stated), 5½ by 1½ cm. Stem terete.

E. notabilis, narrow-lanceolate, slightly undulate, margins distinctly crenulate (sometimes), dark green shading to light yellowish green, and young tips a dull moss green. At 5 inches (13 cm.), 9 by 1 cm.; at 12½ inches (32 cm.), 14 by 2½ cm.; and at 14½ inches (37 cm.), 11 by 2 cm. Stem terete, green or reddish.

E. pellita, lanceolate, undulate, green to yellowish green. At 7 inches (18 cm.), 8 by 3 cm.; at 10½ inches (27 cm.), 10 by 3 cm.; at 34 inches (87 cm.) high, lanceolate, undulate, dark green, 13 cm. long, 3·5 cm. broad. Stem terete, reddish.

E. saligna, lanceolate, slightly undulate, light yellowish green. At 17 inches (43 cm.), 7 by 2 cm.; at 28½ inches (72 cm.), 8 by 2½ cm. Stem terete, reddish.

E. grandis, lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, undulate, yellowish green shaded glaucous, midrib reddish. At 7 inches (8 cm.), 4½ by 2 cm.; at 20 inches (51 cm.), 8 by 3 cm.; at 25 inches (64 cm.), 15 by 5 cm.; and at 29 inches (74 cm.), 12 by 4 cm.; petiole rather short, stem terete, reddish.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Shiressii.

1st leaves lanceolate (Galston).

E. punctata.

1st leaves linear or narrow-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves the same, larger (Acacia Creek).

1st leaves lanceolate, obtuse, undersurface puce (Gosford, 77).

1st leaves ovate. Leaves narrow-lanceolate (Tumble-down Dick).

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface shaded mauve, petiolate, decussate (Manly).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface glaucous with pink tint (Como).

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface purple. 1st alternate leaves rather larger (Oatley).

E. propinqua.

1st leaves lanceolate, slightly undulate, little branchlets in the axils (Rolland's Plains).

1st leaves lanceolate and ovate-lanceolate, decussate, undersurface pale green (Port Stephens).

E. adjuncta.

1st leaves lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, slightly undulate (Morrisett).




  ― 314 ―

E. botryoides.

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface with glaucous and purple tint. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, obtuse, undersurface glaucous (Kincumber).

1st leaves linear, undersurface pale green or with purple tint (La Perouse).

E. robusta.

1st leaves linear or ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate (La Perouse).

E. resinifera.

1st leaves linear and lanceolate.

E. notabilis.

1st leaves lanceolate, undersurface mauve tint, edges sometimes red, petiolate, decussate (Glenbrook).

E. pellita.

1st leaves linear, sometimes becoming ovate-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, long (Wyong).

E. saligna.

1st leaves linear or narrow-ovate. 1st alternate leaves linear or lanceolate (Wyong).

1st leaves lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, edges red, midrib pale green or pink, undersurface pale green or pinkish, shortly petiolate, generally decurrent (Gosford, 112).

1st leaves narrow-ovate, undersurface puce tint (Gosford, A. 33).

E. grandis.

1st leaves very tiny ovate, undersurface puce. Leaves ovate and petiolate, undersurface pale green (Bulladelah).




  ― 315 ―

Division Bisectæ

  • Series 1. Narrow throughout, or linear to narrow-oblong or narrow-lanceolate; all petiolate.
  • 2. Narrow, then short rigid lanceolate to acuminate.
  • 3. Linear to short-lanceolate, sessile, then long-lanceolate or narrow-lanceolate to lanceolate-acuminate.
  • 4. Erica-like (longicornis and oleosa).
  • 5. Flocktoniæ (after a unique species).
  • 6. At first linear, then short and broad (leptophylla, calycogona, gracilis.)
  • 7. Sessile, glaucous, broad-lanceolate, ovate, cordate to orbicular, emarginate.
  • 8. Petiolate, lanceolate to orbicular, emarginate, glaucous to sub-glaucous.
  • 9. Elliptical-lanceolate to lanceolate, sub-glaucous to glaucous.
  • 10. Narrow to very broad, glaucous (macrocarpa and pyriformis).
  • 11. Broad-elliptical to semi-deltoid, glaucous.
  • 12. Triplinerved, broad-lanceolate, green to sub-glaucous.
  • 13. Very broad lanceolate to almost deltoid. Stem flexuose (three Cornutæ).
  • 14. Semi-rigid, short and broad, soon alternate (nutans, one of the Cornutæ, and redunca).
  • 15. Stellate, ovate to orbicular, crenulate (four Cornatæ).

(Lehmanni and platypus, and to a less degree, cornuta, show affinity to the stellate, crenulate species of the Corymbosæ. Series 13–17 are practically Cornutæ).

Geographical

The vast majority of the Bisectæ are endemic in Western Australia. The exceptions are—

1. Occurring in that State, but in other States also:—

E. gracilis, S.A., V., N.S.W.

E. leptophylla, SA., N.S.W.

E. oleosa, S.A., V., N.S.W.

E. transcontinentalis, S.A., N.T., V., N.S.W.

It is noticeable that practically all extend eastwards to South Australia, Victoria, and New South Wales.




  ― 316 ―

2. Those which do not occur in Western Australia. They are:—

E. Bakeri, N.S.W. and Q.

E. cladocalyx, S.A.

E. cneorifolia, S.A.

E. Gillii, S.A., N.S.W.

E. hybrida, N.S.W.

E. squamosa, N.S.W.

Of these, two are confined to South Australia, and a third also extends to New South Wales, but quite adjacent to South Australia. Two are confined to New South Wales, and one occurs in New South Wales and Queensland.

Speaking generally, the Bisectæ belong to rather dry country. Exceptions are hybrida and squamosa, which are confined to the Sydney district, so far as we are aware; it may be that the areas in which they occur are physiologically dry.

Series 1.—Narrow throughout. Linear to narrow-oblong or narrow-lanceolate; all petiolate

     
E. Bakeri.   E. hybrida.  
E. cneorifolia.   E. leptopoda.  
E. micranthera.   E. spathulata.  

General Appearance.—Slender, leaves narrow, light green, more or less spreading. Young tips and stems reddish.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Bakeri, short.

E. cneorifolia, medium to long.

E. micranthera,, long.

E. hybrida, short.

E. leptopoda, medium.

E. spathulata, medium to long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Bakeri, red, slightly angular at the top, thickening into the root (1); red, terete, smooth (2) (Ticketty Well).

E. cneorifolia, red, terete, thin (Kangaroo Island).

E. micranthera, red, terete, spindly (Lynburn, W.A.).

E. hybrida, red, short, smooth (Concord).

E. leptopoda, crinson, maintains its thickness to the root (W.A.).

E. spathulata, red, long, very thin (Kalgan River).




  ― 317 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Bakeri, V-shaped, about as long as the petiole, not tapering; petiole slender.

E. cneorifolia, V-shaped, about as long as the petiole, not tapering, petiole slender.

E. micranthera, V-shaped, about as long as the petiole, not tapering, petiole slender.

E. hybrida, V-shaped, unequal, not tapering, longer than the slender petiole.

E. leptopoda, V-shaped, slightly curved, longer than the petiole, not tapering, petiole slender.

E. spathulata, V-shaped, slightly curved, sometimes longer than the petiole, not tapering, petiole slender, but sometimes as broad as the cotyledon.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Bakeri, green (1) and (2) (Ticketty Well).

E. cneorifolia, green.

E. micranthera, green (Lynburn).

E. hybrida, green (Concord).

E. leptopoda, pale green with purple tips (W.A.).

E. spathulata, green (Kalgan River).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Bakeri, terete, red, with warty glands (Ticketty Well).

E. cneorifolia, terete, tinted dark red.

E. micranthera, terete, a few depressed glands, frail and spindly (Lynburn).

E. hybrida, terete, red, covered with rather prominent warty glands (Concord).

E. leptopoda, pale, glaucous green (W.A.).

E. spathulata, terete, red, a few warty glands.

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Bakeri, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

E. cneorifolia, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

E. micranthera, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

E. hybrida, petiolate, short, linear, noteglabrous.

E. leptopoda, petiolate, short linear (broader than the others), glabrous.

E. spathulata, petiolate, wavy, linear, glabrous.




  ― 318 ―

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Bakeri, three, linear-oblong, glabrous, sub-glaucous.

E. cneorifolia, two, linear-oblong, glabrous, dark green.

E. micranthera, five or more, linear-oblong, minutely crenulate, somewhat glaucous.

E. hybrida, four or more, linear-oblong, glabrous, dark green; rachis glandular.

E. leptopoda, three, linear-oblong to lanceolate, glabrous, sub-glaucous.

E. spathulata, one, linear or narrow-oblong, slightly wavy, glabrous, sub-glaucous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Bakeri, linear to narrow-oblong or narrow-lanceolate, rigid, 4·5 cm. long, 4–5 mm. broad, veins obscure, dark green.

E. cneorifolia, narrow-oblong, obtuse, lax, margins undulate, 4–5 cm. long, 5 mm. broad, veins obscure, dark green.

E. micranthera, not seen.

E. hybrida, narrow-oblong lanceolate, obtuse to acute, lax, 5–6 cm. long, 5–8 mm. broad, slightly undulate, veins spreading and somewhat prominent, dark green.

E. leptopoda, narrow-lanceolate acute, rigid, 5–6 cm. long, 5 mm. broad, veins obscure, light green.

E. spathulata, narrow-lanceolate to falcate-lanceolate, undulate, 5–6 cm. long. 5–8 mm. broad, veins faint, dark green changing to yellowish-green.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Bakeri.

1st leaves narrow linear, delicate (1).

1st leaves narrow-linear and linear, red edges and midrib. 1st alternate leaves linear, red edges and venation (2) (Ticketty Well).

E. cneorifolia.

1st leaves linear, undersurface pale green.

E. micranthera.

1st leaves narrow-linear, a few glands along the margins of the leaves (Lynburn, W.A.).

E. hybrida.

1st leaves narrow-linear. 1st alternate leaves linear or narrow lanceolate (Concord).

E. leptopoda.

1st leaves linear, pale glaucous green with pink shade on back. 1st alternate leaves linear.

E. spathulata.

1st leaves linear.




  ― 319 ―

Series 2.—Narrow, then short rigid lanceolate to acuminate

     
E. salmonophloia.   E. erythronema.  
E. salubris.   E. annulata.  
E. Lane-Poolei.   E. eremophila.  

General Appearance.—Somewhat narrow rigid lanceolate, light green to yellowish-green, shaded glaucous.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. salmonophloia, medium.

E. salubris, long.

E. Lane-Poolei, long.

E. erythronema, medium to long.

E. annulata, long.

E. eremophila, medium.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. salmonophloia, terete, red (W.A.; Kurrawang).

E. salubris, tall, wiry, terete, weak, red at the base (Coolgardie); terete, red (W.A.).

E. Lane-Poolei, red, smooth (near Perth); terete, wiry, red (Bunup, W.A.).

E. erythronema, thin, weak, tinted pink or red (Cow Cowing); spindly, ridged and tinted red (W.A.).

E. annulata, wiry, terete, red half way up.

E. eremophila, terete, wiry, red (Gnowangerup).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. salmonophloia, V-shaped, shorter than the petiole, not tapering, petiole slender or about as broad as the cotyledons.

E. salubris, V-shaped, longer and broader than the petiole, not tapering.

E. Lane-Poolei, V-shaped, spreading, longer and broader than the petiole, petiole tapering into the base. The largest cotyledons of this series.

E. erythronema, V-shaped, the lobes slightly incurved, obtuse, about as long as the petiole, petiole slender.

E. annulata, V-shaped, about as long as the thread-like petiole.

E. eremophila, V-shaped, about as long as the filiform petiole.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. salmonophloia, green (W.A.).

E. salubris, slight purple tint (Coolgardie); green (W.A.).

E. Lane-Poolei, faint mauve tint (Perth); green (Bunup).

E. erythronema, green (Cow Cowing); green (W. A.).




  ― 320 ―

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. salmonophloia, red, a few glands, becoming angular (Kurrawang).

E. salubris, terete, yellow green (Coolgardie).

E. Lane-Poolei, terete, red (Perth).

E. erythronema, terete, warty glands (Cow Cowing).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. salmonophloia, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

E. salubris, petiolate, petiole rather long, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. Lane-Poolei, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

E. erythronema, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

E. annulata, petiole long, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. eremophila, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. salmonophloia, four, linear to linear-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, glabrous light green.

E. salubris, four, narrow lanceolate, petiole rather long, glabrous, light green.

E. Lane-Poolei, five or more, linear to narrow-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, glabrous, glaucous-green.

E. erythronema, four, linear-lanceolate, petiolate, glabrous, light green.

E. annulata, three, narrow-lanceolate, petiolate, glabrous, sub-glaucous.

E. eremophila, three, narrow-oblong, petiolate, glabrous, sub-glaucous, shading to light green.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. salmonophloia, narrow-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, somewhat rigid, 3 cm. long, 7 mm. broad, veins obscure, sub-glaucous.

E. salubris, narrow-lanceolate, sometimes obtuse, shortly petiolate, inclined to be rigid; at 25 inches (62 cm.), 5 to 7 cm. long, 1 to 2 cm. broad, veins thin and faint, the intramarginal vein distant from the edge in the broad leaves, olive-green to sub-glaucous.

E. Lane-Poolei, elliptical-lanceolate to lanceolate, shortly petiolate, firm, at 18½ in. (46 cm.), 8 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad, veins obscure, sub-glaucous, shading to light olive-green.

E. erythronema, narrow-lanceolate, somewhat acuminate, petiole short, slightly undulate; at 15 in. (38 cm.), 6 cm. long, 2 cm. broad, veins obscure, sub-glaucous.

E. annulata, narrow to broad-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, somewhat rigid or slightly undulate; at 13 in. (33 cm.), 6 cm. long, 2 cm. broad, veins conspicuous, slightly glaucous shading to pale yellowish-green.




  ― 321 ―

E. eremophila, narrow-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, somewhat rigid; at 20 in., (50 cm.), 8 cm. long, 1·5 cm. broad, veins somewhat conspicuous, very slightly glaucous, shading to light green.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. salmonophloia.

1st leaves exceedingly fine linear (W.A.).

1st leaves linear. Leaves still opposite, narrow-ovate, height 3 inches. 1st alternate leaves ovate to linear, the least bit paler on the undersurface (Kurrawang).

E. salubris.

1st leaves linear. Leaves lanceolate (Coolgardie).

1st leaves lanceolate, petiolate, decussate. Leaves beginning to be alternate, lanceolate, petiolate, decussate, undersurface paler green (W.A.).

E. Lane-Poolei.

1st leaves linear and narrow-ovate, undersurface galucous-green (Perth).

E. erythronema.

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves narrow-lanceolate (Cow Cowing).

E. annulata.

1st leaves small linear, not channelled (Gnowangerup).

E. eremophila.

1st leaves lanceolate to ovate petiolate, midrib red, undersurface paler green (Gnowangerup).

Series 3.—Linear to short-lanceolate, sessile, then long-lanceolate to narrow-lanceolate and acuminate-lanceolate

 
E. rigidula.   E. transcontinentalis.  

General Appearance.—At first inclined to rigid and sessile, then free, petiolate, and more or less spreading. In the early stages the colour is olive-green, which changes to light glaucous-green.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. rigidula, long.

E. transcontinentalis, long.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. rigidula, terete, spindly, red (Comet Vale).

E. transcontinentalis, terete, red, weak (Hugh River, Northern Territory); long, wiry, red (Ooldea); tall, smooth, red, spindly (Cobar); red, grooved between the cotyledons (Coolabah); terete, spindly, red (Coolabah).




  ― 322 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. rigidula, V-shaped, usually shorter than the filiform petiole, not tapering.

E. transcontinentalis, V-shaped, usually shorter than the scarcely filiform tapering petiole, the lobes spreading, slightly cultriform.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. rigidula, green (Comet Vale).

E. transcontinentalis, slight pink tint (Hugh River, Northern Territory); slight purple tint (Ooldea); green (Cobar); faint tint of pink (Coolabah); green (Coolabah).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. transcontinentalis, angular, pale green, edged with red partly up, smooth (Ooldea); shaded pink, tetragonal (Coolabah).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. rigidula, shortly petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. transcontinentalis, shortly petiolate, linear-lanceolate, shorter than in E. rigidula, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. rigidula, six or more, linear to narrow-oblong, changing to narrow-lanceolate, sessile, glabrous, olive-green. Stem reddish.

E. transcontinentalis, six or more, linear to narrow-lanceolate, sessile, glabrous, olive green. Stem reddish.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. rigidula, narrow-lanceolate or oblong lanceolate, very shortly petiolate, somewhat rigid, 4·5 cm. long, 1 cm. broad, veins obscure, olive-green.

E. transcontinentalis, narrow-lanceolate, sessile to very shortly petoilate, rigid, but soon changing to undulate, 5–7 cm. long, 1–1·5 cm. broad, veins obscure, subglaucous, shading to very pale light green.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. rigidula.

1st leaves linear, nearly sessile, with irregular edge, channelled. Leaves narrow-lanceolate, sessile (Comet Vale).

E. transcontinentalis.

1st leaves narrow-linear, channelled in the early stage, undersurface slightly paler green (Hugh River, Northern Territory).

1st leaves linear, channelled. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, pale opaque green, the venation practically invisible. Note channelled leaf (Ooldea).




  ― 323 ―

1st leaves linear; narrow-linear (Cobar).

1st leaves linear, later decussate, sessile, lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate, sessile, glaucous green on both sides, decurrent a little (Coolabah).

1st leaves linear to narrow-lanceolate, decussate (Coolabah).

Series 4.—At first linear, more or less crowding the stem, then oblong-lanceolate, almost sessile and somewhat rigid

E. longicornis, leaves dense.

E. oleosa, leaves scarcely dense.

General Appearance.—For the first 6 inches or more, Erica-like, then changing to oblong-lanceolate, rigid or flexuose, nearly or quite sessile, rarely exceeding 3 cm. long and 1 cm. broad, sub-glaucous.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. longicornis, long, filiform.

E. oleosa, long, filiform.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. longicornis, terete, fragile, and a pinkish red (Wagin); terete, very slightly red (Moojebening); terete, thin, wiry, red (Southern Cross).

E. oleosa, terete, wiry, red (Ooldea); terete, long and weak, red (Minnipa).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. longicornis, V-shaped, usually as long as the filiform petiole, not tapering.

E. oleosa, V-shaped, as long or sometimes longer than the filiform petiole, not tapering, lobes not rigid, often somewhat curved.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. longicornis, green (Wagin, Moojebening and Southern Cross).

E. oleosa, green (Ooldea).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. longicornis, terete and red (Wagin); terete, ribbed, red (Moojebening); terete at first, afterwards ribbed, tinted pink (Southern Cross).

E. oleosa, terete, ribbed, red (Ooldea); terete, weak, red (Minnipa).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. longicornis. They are so slender that it is difficult to say whether they are sessile or not, they are less than a line broad, and about as broad as the cotyledons; glabrous.

E. oleosa, similar to E. longicornis.




  ― 324 ―

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves.

E. longicornis, none.

E. oleosa, none.

The early leaves of both species are very slender, almost filiform, heath-like, crowding the stem for 6 to 12 inches before they change, they are usually 1·5 cm. long, about 1 mm. broad, or perhaps 1½ mm. broad, light green.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. longicornis, narrow-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, curved or straight, somewhat rigid in the broadest stage, very shortly petiolate; at 15 in. (38 cm.), 2·5 cm. long, 1 cm. broad, veins obscure, light glaucous green.

E. oleosa, narrow spathulate to narrow-lanceolate, or oblong lanceolate, acute, more rigid than in E. longicornis, shortly petiolate; at 18 in. (45 cm.), 2 cm. long, 1 cm. broad, veins obscure, light glaucous green.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. longicornis.

1st leaves very narrow linear, deeply grooved (Wagin).

1st leaves exceedingly narrow linear. Leaves small, ovate, almost sessile on three sides of stem (Moojebening).

1st leaves very narrow linear. 1st alternate leaves ovate (Southern Cross).

E. oleosa.

1st leaves very narrow-linear, channelled, arranged in threes, after the two first pairs (Ooldea).

1st leaves very narrow linear. Leaves narrow-ovate, pointed tips, shortly petiolate (Minnipa).

Series 5.—Flocktoniæ, at first linear, then lanceolate, sessile, changing to winged, or the lamina, decurrent for a short distance on the stem

E. Flocktoniæ.

General Appearance.—Narrow, intermixed with broader leaves, then all broadish lanceolate, decurrent and winged, eventually changing to long lanceolate and still sessile before the adult stage is reached. Glaucous and quadrangular throughout. (See Part XXXIX, p. 281).

(1) Hypocotyl.

Long, filiform.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

Long, wiry, angular, crimson (W.A.); terete, wiry, red (Cow Cowing).




  ― 325 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

V-shaped, about as long as the filiform petiole, not tapering, usually spreading.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

Green, with sometimes a purple tip (W.A.); green (Cow Cowing).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

Angular, prominent oil-glands, crimson (W.A.); angular, red (Cow Cowing); crimson (W.A. No. 2).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

Shortly petiolate, linear or less than a line broad, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

Two, linear, glabrous. The next four or six leaves are linear, alternate, and above them the leaves again become opposite, and vary from linear-lanceolate to cordate-lanceolate, sessile. They then pass from this stage into broad-lanceolate, decurrent and finally winged, decussate, spreading or recurved. One drawing shows them still opposite at 23 in., and 3 cm. long and 1·5 cm. broad. As they approach the alternate stage they are less winged, becoming decurrent and finally shortly petiolate. The colour throughout the various stages is glaucous. Stems quadrangular, winged.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

Long narrow lanceolate, curved inwards, decurrent to shortly petiolate, 8 cm. long, 1·5 cm. broad, light green shaded glaucous.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

1st leaves narrow linear, alternate. The first leaves are alternate, afterwards becoming opposite. As development proceeds, and while the leaves are opposite, they become decurrent in a remarkable degree (W.A.).

1st leaves very narrow-linear, channelled and inclined to become alternate at once, decurrent. Note, leaves decurrent and stem angular (Cow Cowing).

1st leaves linear. After the linear leaves, the next are winged and decurrent, broad at the base and tapering to a fine point. Very glaucous (W.A., No. 2).

Series 6.—At first linear, then short and broad

   
E. leptophylla.   E. calycogona.  
E. gracilis.  

General Appearance.—Slender, semi-glaucous, at first slender with fairly numerous linear, erect or spreading leaves, then changing to short lanceolate, and, in some cases, to almost elliptical-lanceolate, rarely reaching two inches long throughout.




  ― 326 ―

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. leptophylla

E. calycogona Long, filiform.

E. gracilis

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. leptophylla, terete, wiry, red (Ballandry, N.S.W.); terete, slightly tinted red, spindly (Inglewood, Vic.); tall, smooth, weak, tinted red (Perth, W.A.).

E. calycogona, terete, wiry, red (Sea Lake, Vic.); thin, smooth, red (Kamerooka, Vic.); terete, slight, weak, tinted pink (Eyre's Peninsula).

E. gracilis, terete, wiry, red (Eyre's Peninsula and Fowler's Bay, S.A., Southern Cross, W.A.).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. leptophylla, V-shaped, about as long, or sometimes shorter than the filiform petiole, and sometimes as fine as the petiole, not tapering.

E. calycogona, V-shaped, the lobes oblong to obovate, usually shorter than the filiform petiole, slightly tapering.

E. gracilis, V-shaped, oblong, usually longer than the filiform petiole, slightly tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. leptophylla, green (Inglewood, Vic., and Perth, W.A.).

E. calycogona, green (Sea Lake, Kamerooka, and Eyre's Peninsula).

E. gracilis, green (Eyre's Peninsula, Fowler's Bay and Southern Cross.

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. calycogona, weak and spindly at 6½ in. high (Sea Lake, Vic.); terete, red (Kamerooka, Vic.); terete, tinted red, a few glands (Eyre's Peninsula).

E. gracilis, green and red, terete or a little ribbed (Southern Cross).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. leptophylla, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

E. calycogona, petiolate, linear, but slightly broader than E. leptophylta, glabrous.

E. gracilis, petiolate, linear, glabrous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. leptophylla, nine or more, narrow-oblong, glabrous, sub-glaucous.

E. calycogona, four, narrow-oblong to narrow-lanceolate, glabrous, light green to sub-glaucous.

E. gracilis, six, narrow-lanceolate, pale green to slightly glaucous.




  ― 327 ―

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. leptophylla, ovate to narrow-oblong, acute, shortly petiolate or almost sessile, somewhat rigid, at 7 in. (18 cm.), 2·5 cm. long, 12 mm. broad; at 13 in, (33 cm.), 4 cm. long, 12 mm. broad, veins obscure, sub-glaucous; stem terete, sub-glaucous.

E. calycogona, narrow to broadish lanceolate, slightly undulate, at first very shortly petiolate, but at a later stage the petiole well defined; at 6½ in. (16 cm.), 2·5 cm. long, 7 mm. broad; at 27 in. (68 cm.), 3 cm. long, 15 mm. broad, at this stage the venation somewhat prominent, spreading, slightly glaucous, shading to yellowish-green. Stem terete, very pale purple-brown.

E. gracilis, ovate-lanceolate, rather obtuse, shortly petiolate; at 10 in. (25 cm.), 3 cm. long, 12 mm. broad, veins spreading, obscure; at 15 in. (38 cm.), still lanceolate, obtuse, 4 cm. long, 1·5 cm. broad, sub-glaucous. Stem terete, at first green, but later changing to purple.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. calycogona.

1st leaves very narrow linear, channelled slightly. Leaves narrow-ovate, shortly petiolate (Sea Lake).

1st leaves linear to ovate. 1st alternate leaves ovate, thick, pale glaucous-green, pedicle short, the same colour on both sides (Kamerooka).

1st leaves lanceolate, petiolate, undersurface slightly paler green. Leaves small, ovate, petiolate, alternate after the fourth pair of leaves. Later, leaves ovate and mostly trinerved (Eyre's Peninsula).

E. gracilis.

1st leaves linear, petiolate, not channelled (Eyre's Peninsula).

1st leaves exceedingly small, linear, not channelled (Fowler's Bay).

1st leaves narrow-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves (1¾ in.), narrow-lanceolate (Southern Cross).

Series 7.—Sessile, broad-lanceolate, ovate, cordate to orbicular, emarginate

   
E. Gillii.   E. Kruseana.  
E. crucis.   E. uncinata.  

E. decurva.

General Appearance.—Glaucous throughout. Stem-clasping to sessile, all short and broad, from emarginate to acute, all less than 5 cm., usually about 3 cm. long.

This Series somewhat resembles that of Bilobæ No. 14 (E. rubida, E. cordata, E. pulverulenta).




  ― 328 ―

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Gillii, medium to long.

E. crucis, medium to long, filiform.

E. Kruseana, long.

E. uncinata, long.

E. decurva, medium.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Gillii, crimson (Flinders Range); terete, red (Broken Hill).

E. crucis, terete, wiry and red, glaucous towards cotyledon and stem (Southern Cross).

E. Kruseana, terete, slight, weak, tinted pink.

E. uncinata, terete, red, wiry (Cow Cowing); terete, pink, wiry (Hopetoun); terete, wiry, slightly tinted red (Bremer Bay).

E. decurva, pink (W.A.).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Gillii, V-shaped, about as long as the petiole, sometimes curved and spreading, slightly tapering into the petiole.

E. crucis, V-shaped, about as long as the petiole, which is sometimes filiform, slightly tapering into the petiole when broad.

E. Kruseana, V-shaped, about as long as the filiform petiole, oblong, acute, not tapering. The smallest of this series.

E. uncinata, V-shaped, longer than the short thickish petiole, oblong-lanceolate, not tapering.

E. decurva, crescent-shaped, broad, slightly tapering into the petiole, the lobes shorter than the petiole, glaucous.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Gillii, green (Flinders Range); purple tint (Broken Hill).

E. crucis, glaucous-green.

E. Kruseana, green.

E. uncinata, green (Cow Cowing and Hopetoun).

E. decurva, horizontal. We have two pairs of cotyledons parallel to each other. As growth proceeds we have crutch-shaped cotyledon leaves with petioles.

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Gillii, angular, shaded red (Flinders Range); slightly angular, red (Broken Hill).

E. Kruseana, weak, terete, red at the base, shading to pink and later powdery white.




  ― 329 ―

E. uncinata, terete or slightly flattened, glands prominent, pale yellow-green, shaded with pink a little way up (Cow Cowing).

E. decurva, terete, glaucous and showing annular scars of fallen leaves (Kalga Plains).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Gillii, petiolate to nearly sessile, linear, glabrous.

E. crucis, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous, glaucous.

E. Kruseana, slightly petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous, glaucous.

E. uncinata, slightly petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous.

E. decurva, sessile or nearly so, narrow, oblong, glabrous, glaucous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Gillii, nine or more (numerous), the three first narrow, oblong, the remainder cordate-lanceolate, slightly undulate, glaucous.

E. crucis, seven or more (? numerous), the first three pairs narrow-lanceolate, the remainder orbicular, apiculate, sessile, glaucous.

E. Kruseana, eight or more (? numerous), narrow-lanceolate to elliptical, glaucous.

E. uncinata, six or more (? numerous), still opposite at 2 feet. The first three or four pairs narrow-lanceolate to elliptical, shortly petiolate, the remainder cordate to orbicular and also emarginate, glaucous.

E. decurva, six more more (? numerous), obovate to ovate, sessile, glaucous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Gillii

E. crucis Not seen.

E. Kruseana

E. uncinata, orbicular, emarginate, sessile to shortly petiolate, veins faint, spreading, glaucous, the young tips shading to madder-lake. There is probably another stage before the adults are reached.

At 31 in. (78 cm.) high, still opposite and close together, reniform, emarginate, sessile and glaucous, 1·5 cm. long and as broad (Bremer Bay). 23 in. (58 cm.) high, still opposite, sessile, ovate-lanceolate, or acutely lanceolate, glaucous or nearly so, 2·5 cm. long and as broad (Hopetoun, J.H.M.).

E. decurva, not seen.




  ― 330 ―

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Gillii.

1st leaves lanceolate, opposite. 1st alternate leaves stem-clasping, not decurrent. The leaves after the fourth or fifth pair become ovate-lanceolate and very sinuous, still opposite and some inclined to be decurrent. Stem-clasping, unchanged at 15 inches except that the leaves are a little longer (Flinders Range).

1st leaves narrow-linear, sessile, later ovate-lanceolate, decussate, sessile. Some of the older leaves are decurrent (Broken Hill).

E. crucis.

1st leaves linear lanceolate.

E. Kruseana.

1st leaves narrow-lanceolate, petiolate, later ovate to broadly ovate, very short pedicel, undersurface slightly paler green, decussate.

E. uncinata.

1st leaves linear, afterwards ovate, stem-clasping, pale opaque-green, alike on both sides. Leaves long ovate, changing to cordate, sessile.

E. decurva.

1st leaves ovate or narrow-ovate, glaucous, same colour on both sides. Leaves oblong or nearly orbicular, glaucous (Kalgan Plains).

1st leaves oblanceolate and lanceolate, glaucous-green.

Series 8.—Petiolate, lanceolate to orbicular, emarginate, sub-glaucous to glaucous

   
E. Websteriana.   E. falcata.  
E. decipiens.   E. cladocalyx.  

General Appearance.—Orbicular, emarginate, petiolate, glaucous shading to dark green, sometimes broader than long, i.e., 3½ by 4 cm., usually about 2½ by 3 cm.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. Websteriana, long, filiform, pink.

E. decipiens, long, filiform, pink.

E. falcata, medium, filiform, pink.

E. cladocalyx, medium to long, filiform, but thicker than the three preceding.




  ― 331 ―

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Websteriana, terete, frail, tinted pink (Tarcoola Blocks).

E. decipiens, terete, wiry, widening slightly towards the base, pink (Perth); terete, wiry, slightly tinted red (Bridgetown).

E. falcata, red (Hopetoun); red, tapers into the root (W.A.).

E. cladocalyx, pink (S.A.); smooth, red, with warty glands (Port Lincoln); terete, ribbed, spindly, red (Campbelltown, cultivated).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. Websteriana, shaped like a horse-shoe, longer than the very short thickish petiole, pinkish underneath, not tapering.

E. decipiens, V-shaped, diverging, acute, longer than the thickish petiole, tapering into the petiole.

E. falcata, V-shaped, about as long as the filiform petiole, not tapering.

E. cladocalyx, oblong-reniform to broadly-bilobed; when the former, not tapering into the petiole, but when the latter, distinctly tapering into the petiole; the lower portion of the petiole filiform.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. Websteriana, pink (Tarcoola Blocks).

E. falcata, green (Hopetoun); pale purple (W.A.).

E. cladocalyx, red tint (Port Lincoln); green, with a slight mauve tint (Campbelltown).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. Websteriana, terete, tinted pink, becoming glandular (Tarcoola Blocks).

E. falcata, terete, shaded pink (Hopetoun); with warty glands above the cotyledons (W.A.).

E. cladocalyx, smooth, red (S.A.); terete, becoming angular, a few glands (Campbelltown, cultivated).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. Websteriana, shortly petiolate, linear, sub-glaucous.

E. decipiens, shortly petiolate, linear, green.

E. falcata, shortly petiolate, linear, green.

E. cladocalyx, petiolate, lanceolate, light green. The species with the broadest leaves.

(5) Subsequent pairs of leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Websteriana, three, narrow-lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, sub-glaucous. The leaves of this Series are all short leaves, hence the term broad-lanceolate.




  ― 332 ―

E. decipiens, three, oblong, then narrow-lanceolate, the last pair broad-lanceolate, subglaucous.

E. falcata, four, three pairs narrow oblong or linear, the fourth pair broad-lanceolate, undulate, very pale glaucous.

E. cladocalyx, two, second pair narrow-lanceolate, tapering into a long petiole, third pair broad-lanceolate or elliptical-lanceolate, petiole long, dark green.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Websteriana, ovate, broad cuneate to broadly spathulate, emarginate to apiculate, petiole rather long, veins faint, spreading. At 13 inches 15 mm. long, 18 mm. broad, glaucous.

E. decipiens, orbicular, emarginate, the midrib sometimes terminating in a short mucro, while the leaf is still emarginate; petiole short. At 22 inches 3·5 cm. long, 4·5 cm. broad, veins fairly prominent, spreading and curving upwards and inwards, the median nerve somewhat distant from the edge, glaucous.

E. falcata, shortly petiolate, broadly elliptical, 5 cm. long, 3 cm. broad, veins faint, spreading, very light green.

E. cladocalyx, petiole rather long, orbicular, emarginate, undulate, the margins turned upwards, forming a scoop. At 29 inches 5·5 cm. long by 4 cm. broad, dark green, veins prominent, distant, stem reddish.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Websteriana.

1st leaves narrow-lanceolate. Leaves obcordate (Tarcoola Blocks).

E. falcata.

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves ovate-sinuous. This plant branches from the axils of the first leaves after the cotyledons (Hopetoun).

1st leaves lanceolate, then rhomboidal or ovate, undulate. 1st alternate leaves obcordate, petiolate (W.A.).

E. cladocalyx.

1st leaves, first pair lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-orbicular, sometimes retuse, inclined to be recurved, red edges, young growth very red (S.A.).

1st leaves broadly ovate, petiolate, decussate (Campbelltown).




  ― 333 ―

Series 9.—Elliptical-lanceolate to lanceolate, sub-glaucous to glaucous

   
E. squamosa.   E. Oldfieldi  
E. Campaspe.  

General Appearance.—At 10 inches (25 cm.), all short and broad, i.e., elliptical lanceolate to lanceolate, subglaucous, usually 4 by 2 cm. E. Campaspe is more glaucous than the others, and has the leaves more acute.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. squamosa, short to medium, filiform, pink.

E. Oldfieldi, medium to long, filiform, pink.

E. Campaspe, medium, filiform, pink.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. squamosa, very short, red (Como); red (National Park); terete, thin, red (Gosford).

E. Oldfieldi, red (Cow Cowing); long, feeble, smooth and red (Minginew).

E. Campaspe, terete, weak, wiry, tall, red at the base (Coolgardie).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. squamosa, V-shaped, longer than the filiform petiole, slightly tapering, purplish on the lower surface.

E. Oldfieldi, V-shaped, oblong, shorter than the petiole, not tapering.

E. Campaspe, V-shaped, longer than the filiform petiole, lanceolate to obovate slightly tapering into the petiole.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. squamosa, red (National Park; Gosford). (Unusual colour in bisected cotyledons.)

E. Oldfieldi, purple tint (Minginew).

E. Campaspe, slight purple tint (Coolgardie).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. squamosa, terete, shaded red (Como); pale green, pink shade at the base (National Park).

E. Oldfieldi, terete, light brown (Minginew).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. squamosa, petiolate, linear, acute, glabrous, green.

E. Oldfieldi, petiolate, linear, acute, glabrous, green.

E. Campaspe, petiolate, linear, acute, subglaucous.




  ― 334 ―

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. squamosa, four, linear to narrow-lanceolate, subglaucous.

E. Oldfieldi, four, narrow-lanceolate, slightly subglaucous.

E. Campaspe, three or more, linear, changing to narrow-lanceolate, subglaucous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. squamosa, lanceolate to elliptical, petiole medium. At 22 in. (55 cm.), 4 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad, veins moderately distinct, spreading, slightly glaucous, tipped with yellowish green.

E. Oldfieldi, lanceolate to elliptical, petiole short. At 7½ in. (19cm.), 3·5 cm. long, 2 cm. broad, somewhat rigid, veins obscure, slightly glaucous, shading to a very pale green.

E. Campaspe, lanceolate, petiole short. At 11 in. (28 cm.), 4 cm. long, 1·5 cm. broad, rigid, veins obscure, glaucous, the young tips glaucous to moss green.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. squamosa.

1st leaves linear (Como).

1st leaves linear, pale green, undersurface pink. 1st alternate leaves ovate-lanceolate and ovate-acute (National Park).

1st leaves linear, very narrow, undersurface pale mauve (Gosford).

E. Oldfieldi.

1st leaves linear (Cow Cowing).

1st leaves linear to lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate, thick, shortly petiolate, the same colour on both sides. (Minginew).

Series 10.—Narrow to very broad, glaucous

   
E. macrocarpa.   E. pyriformis var. elongata.  
E. pyriformis.   E. Kingsmilli.  

General Appearance.—Glaucous and broad; at 10 in. (25 cm.), 5 by 3 cm., ovate to ovate-lanceolate.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. macrocarpa, long, pink.

E. pyriformis, short to long, pink.

var. elongata, medium, pink.

E. Kingsmilli, short, filiform, pink.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. macrocarpa, long, red (W.A.).

E. pyriformis, short red (W.A., 7540–14); red, thickens to the root (W.A., 44).

var. elongata., terete, red (W.A.).

E. Kingsmilli. terete, very slight and weak, pink.




  ― 335 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. macrocarpa, V-shaped, slightly undulate, longer than, and tapering into the filiform petiole, subglaucous.

E. pyriformis, V-shaped, slightly undulate, about as long as the petiole, glaucous, shaded pink.

var. elongata, V-shaped, slightly undulate, incurved, sometimes shorter than the filiform petiole, subglaucous.

E. Kingsmilli, V-shaped, slightly curved downwards, about as long as the filiform petiole, glaucous or nearly so.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. macrocarpa, pink tinted (W.A.).

E. pyriformis, whitish pink (W.A. 7540); purple shade at back (W.A., 44).

var. elongata, slight reddish tint.

E. Kingsmilli, green.

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. macrocarpa, red, angular.

E. pyriformis, powdery white, tinted pink (7540); terete, shaded pink to glaucous green (44).

var. elongata, terete, red.

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. macrocarpa, narrow-lanceolate, tapering into a fairly long petiole, glaucous.

E. pyriformis, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glaucous.

var. elongata, petiolate, linear to narrow-lanceolate, glaucous. Too young to be entirely satisfactory.

E. Kingsmilli, petiolate, linear, glaucous. Too young to be entirely satisfactory.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. macrocarpa, five or more, second and third pairs narrow-lanceolate, fourth and fifth pairs spathulate to almost oblong-lanceolate, glaucous.

E. pyriformis, five or more, ovate to elliptical, glaucous.

var. elongata, two or more, glaucous (imperfect).

E. Kingsmilli, two or more, glaucous (imperfect).

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. macrocarpa, not seen.

E. pyriformis, broadly ovate, obtuse, thick, shortly petiolate. At 10 in. (18 cm.) 7 cm. long, 4 cm. broad, veins somewhat prominent, subglaucous to yellowish-green.

var. elongata, not seen.

E. Kingsmilli, not seen.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. macrocarpa.

1st leaves linear, afterwards spathulate, ovate or elliptical, glaucous, opposite.




  ― 336 ―

E. pyriformis.

1st leaves linear, a little incurved at the tip, undersurface whitish-pink (7,540).

1st leaves ovate, undersurface pale glaucous green (44).

var. elongata.

1st leaves linear or linear-ovate.

E. Kingsmilli.

1st leaves linear, petiolate.

Series 11.—Broad-elliptical to semi-deltoid, glaucous

   
E. cæsia.   E. fæcunda.  
E. accedens.  

General Appearance.—At 10–12 in. (25–30 cm.), broadly elliptical, obtuse, or with a very small point, glaucous, changing to yellowish and sometimes dark green. Rarely exceeding 5 cm. long and 3 cm. broad.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. cæsia, short, pink.

E. fæcunda, medium to long, filiform, pink.

E. accedens, medium to long, filiform, pink.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. cæsia, terete, wiry, red (Dowerin).

E. fæcunda, terete, red (W.A., Murphy).

E. accedens, terete, red (Woorooloo); tall, very slight, red (York).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. cæsia, V-shaped, slightly undulate, oblong to slightly spathulate, about as long as the filiform petiole, faintly glaucous, slightly tapering.

E. fæcunda, V-shaped, about as long as the very filiform petiole, green, not tapering. (Very much smaller than E. cæsia.)

E. accedens, V-shaped, diverging, about as long as the filiform petiole, slightly tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. cæsia, green, with a slight smudge of purple (Dowerin).

E. fæcunda, green (W.A., Murphy); pink shade (W.A., 217).

E. accedens, pale green (Woorooloo); pink tint (York).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. fæcunda, crimson (W.A., 217); red (Cow Cowing).

E. accedens, terete, red, becoming very glaucous-pink, almost white (York).




  ― 337 ―

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. cæsia, petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous, slightly glaucous.

E. fæcunda, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous, olive-green or light green.

E. accedens, petiolate, narrow oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, very glaucous, sometimes tinged with very pale purple-brown.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. cæsia, three, second pair narrow-lanceolate, third and fourth pairs ovate or elliptical, veins prominent, olive-green shading to glaucous.

E. fæcunda, four, ovate, blunt, veins obscure, olive-green, with a tinge of glaucousness, glabrous.

E. accedens, one, narrow-lanceolate, venation obscure, glabrous, very glaucous, midrib purple-brown.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. cæsia, ovate to semi-deltoid, emarginate, shortly petiolate. At 6 in. (15 cm.), 3·5 cm. long, 3 cm broad, veins obscure, dark green.

E. fæcunda, ovate to semi-deltoid, apiculate, margins subcrenate and undulate, petiole short. At 10 inches (25 cm.), 5 cm. long, 3·5 cm. broad, veins fairly prominent, the intramarginal vein distant from the edge, glaucous.

E. accedens, ovate-elliptical to semi-deltoid, then passing into very broad lanceolate, petiole rather long. At 12 in. (30 cm.), 5·5 cm. long, 3·5 cm. broad; at 17 (43 cm.), 8 cm. long, 7 cm. broad; at 25 in. (62 cm.), 11 cm. long, 7·5 cm. broad, glaucous, veins distinct, intramarginal vein distant from the edge.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. cæsia.

1st leaves linear with irregular edge, tapering into a long petiole. Leaves, this plant at 2½ inches has changed to broad ovate, almost orbicular (Dowerin).

E. fæcunda.

1st leaves very small lanceolate and ovate, petiolate. Leaves ovate, petiolate, decussate, the same colour on both sides, becoming glaucous. At 10 inches high the leaves are glaucous (W.A., A. Murphy).

1st leaves linear. 1st alternate leaves ovate (W.A., 217).

1st leaves linear or lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate (Cow Cowing).

E. accedens.

1st leaves lanceolate and ovate, glaucous, decussate, venation hardly visible (Woorooloo).

1st leaves lanceolate, pale glaucous green on both sides, but undersurface whiter. 1st alternate leaves ovate or acuminate, very glaucous on both sides (York).




  ― 338 ―

Series 12.—Triplinerved, broad-lanceolate, green to sub-glaucous

   
E. gomphocephala.   E. redunca var. elata.  
E. Gardneri (imperfect). 

General Appearance.—Broad lanceolate, free and spreading, subglaucous to glaucous, triplinerved.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. gomphocephala, long, filiform, pink.

E. redunca var. elata, medium to long, filiform, pink.

E. Gardneri, short, filiform, pale pink.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. gomphocephala, terete, tinted red (Perth); red (W.A.).

E. redunca var. elata, weak, smooth, red (Baylup); long, feeble, smooth, red (Kalgan Plains); shaded red (W.A. 9) (redunca).

E. Gardneri, terete and faintly tinted with pink (Bendering).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. gomphocephala, oblong reniform to nearly triangular, diverging, slightly longer than the petiole, tapering into the petiole, green.

E. redunca var. elata, V-shaped, about as long as the filiform petiole, not tapering, green to subglaucous.

E. Gardneri, V-shaped, much longer than the very short filiform petiole, not tapering green.

(2) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. redunca var. elata, green (Baylup); purple tint (Kalgan Plains).

E. redunca var. elata, pale green (W.A. 9); red W.A. 5·06).

E. Gardneri, green (Bendering).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. gomphocephala, red (W.A.).

E. redunca var. elata, terete, tinted red (Baylup); pale green, angular, with protuberant glands (W.A., 9); red (W.A redunca).

E. Gardneri, terete, pale green (Bendering).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. gomphocephala, petiolate, petiole long, narrow lanceolate, glabrous, light green.

E. redunca var. elata, petiolate, petiole long, narrow lanceolate, glaucous.

E. Gardneri, shortly petiolate, linear-oblong to linear-lanceolate, much smaller than in E. redunca, pale green.




  ― 339 ―

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. gomphocephala, one. lanceolate, somewhat obtuse, glabrous, light green.

E. redunca var. elata, one, lanceolate, obtuse, glabrous, glaucous.

E. Gardneri, one, linear lanceolate, glabrous, light green.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. gomphocephala, ovate lanceolate, shortly acute, petiole long; at 11 in. (28 cm.), 6·5 cm. long, 4 cm. broad, venation prominent, intramarginal nerve distant from the edge; at 17 in. (43 cm.), 5 cm. long, 3 cm. broad, distinctly triplinerved, and also at 28 in. (70 cm.), olive green, stem green. At 30 in. (75 cm.), high, leaves alternate, lanceolate, thin, margins slightly crenulate, 5 cm. long, 2·5 cm. broad. Petioles slender, about 1·5 cm. long. Some of the leaves are slightly concave and inclined to be boat-shaped, and not unlike some peltate leaves of the Corymbosæ. Stems yellowish-green.

E. redunca var. elata, broad lanceolate-obtuse to lanceolate-acute, triplinerved, petiole medium. At 7½ in. (19 cm.), 6 cm. long, 3·5 cm. broad, only the two distant intramarginal nerves prominent and the midrib, which is a deep purple-brown as well as the petiole; at 20 in. (50 cm.), 10 cm. long, 4 cm. broad, light glaucous green. Stem rich purple brown.

E. Gardneri, lanceolate-acute, margins slightly undulate, petiole short, 4 cm. long, 1·5 cm. broad, veins faint, olive-green tinged with glaucousness. Stem light green.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. gomphocephala.

1st leaves ovate alternate (W.A.).

E. redunca var. elata.

1st leaves linear and lanceolate, undersurface a little paler green. 1st alternate leaves broadly lanceolate, dull whitish green (Baylup).

1st leaves ovate lanceolate, glaucous (Kalgan Plains).

E. redunca var. elata.

1st leaves broadly ovate with midrib coloured red. 1st alternate leaves large, ovate, with red midrib (W.A. 9).

1st leaves linear, sometimes ovate, glaucous green. 1st alternate leaves narrow-lanceolate (W.A. 5·06).

E. Gardneri.

1st leaves narrow-lanceolate. Leaves lanceolate, shortly petiolate (Bendering).




  ― 340 ―

Series 13.—Very broad lanceolate to almost deltoid. Stem flexuose

   
E. Stowardi.   E. astringens.  
E. occidentalis.  

General Appearance.—Broad lanceolate to acuminate, undulate, venulose, glaucous to yellowish-green.

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. occidentalis. “Erect, terete, glabrous, 1·5 to 2·2 cm. long, stained with red.” (Lubbock.)

E. Stowardi, long, filiform, pink.

E. astringens, long, filiform, pink.

E. occidentalis, long, filiform, pink.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. Stowardi, terete, very thin and wiry, shaded red (Uberin Hill).

E. astringens, terete, red and wiry (Wagin); terete, red at base and becoming much lighter towards the cotyledons (Hamel); terete, red (Kalgan Plains, 30 and 45) (Scrub form); tall, weak, tinted red (Kalgan Plains); resow of 45 (Scrub form).

E. occidentalis, terete, red, spindly (Paringillup); long, 2 inches, slightly angled, red (Wickepin); thin, smooth, tinted red (Porongorup).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. occidentalis. “Deeply bifid, petiolate, glabrous, dark green, indistinctly nerved; lobes oblong, narrow, obtuse.” (Lubbock.)

E. Stowardi, broadly V-shaped, the lobes deeply cleft, obtuse, longer than the filiform petiole, slightly tapering, glaucous.

E. astringens, V-shaped, about as long as the petiole, slightly tapering, green.

E. occidentalis, V-shaped, the lobes obtuse and slightly unequal, shorter than the slender petiole, slightly tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. astringens, tinted very slightly with red (Wagin; Hamel); with slight tint of red (Kalgan Plains); faint mauve tint (Kalgan Plains, Scrub form).

E. occidentalis, green (Paringillup, Wickepin, Porongorups).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. occidentalis. “Erect, terete, glabrous, herbaceous, ultimately woody; first internode 4–5 mm, long.” (Lubbock.)

E. astringens, terete, red and covered with glands (Wagin); glandular (Hamel); terete, red, covered with minute glands, giving a spotted appearance (Kalgan Plains, 30); terete, reddish-purple, scattered glands (Kalgan Plains, 45, Scrub form); terete or slightly flattened towards top of plant, shaded red (Kalgan Plains, 45).




  ― 341 ―

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. occidentalis. “First leaves linear-oblong, obtuse, petiolate, glabrous, light green, distinctly pinnatinerved.” (Lubbock.)

E. Stowardi, petiolate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous, green.

E. astringens, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous, glaucous.

E. occidentalis, petiolate, lanceolate, glabrous, glaucous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. Stowardi, one, lanceolate, glabrous.

E. astringens, one, lanceolate, glabrous, glaucous.

E. occidentalis, one, lanceolate, glabrous, slightly glaucous.

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. Stowardi, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, slightly undulate, petiole medium; at 6 inches (15 cm.), 5·5 cm. long, 4 cm. broad, veins scarcely prominent; at 8½ in. (21 cm.), 9 cm. long, 4·5 cm. broad, veins obscure, glaucous, young tips yellowish-green, also the flexuose stem.

E. astringens, broadly lanceolate to acuminate, undulate, petiole short; at 14½ in. (36 cm.), 10·5 cm. long, 5·5 cm. broad, veins prominent, midrib reddish, glaucous shading to yellowish-green, stem reddish, flexuose.

E. occidentalis, oblong-lanceolate to broad-ovate, shortly petiolate, veins obscure; at 24 inches, 9 cm. long, 4·5 cm. broad; at 27 in. (68 cm.), 8 cm. long, 7 cm. broad, dark green slightly tinged with white.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. Stowardi.

1st leaves linear, obtuse (Uberin).

E. astringens.

1st leaves lanceolate, glandular on edge and on the back of the midrib of the third pair, the first two pairs smooth. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, glands not so prominent on the edge nor midrib (Wagin).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, third pair showing glands on the edge of the leaf and midrib on the undersurface (Hamel).

1st leaves linear, thin, ovate, petiolate. Leaves alternate, broad ovate, petiolate (Kalgan Plains, 30).

1st leaves lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, the green scarcely paler on the underside, petiolate, alternate after the first three pairs (Kalgan Plains, 45, Scrub form).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves broadly ovate, sometimes oblique at the base, yellow midrib, self-coloured on both sides, red edges (Kalgan Plains, 45, Scrub form, second sowing).




  ― 342 ―

E. occidentalis.

1st leaves very small linear or narrow lanceolate, undersurface pale green, decussate (Paringillup).

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate, undersurface pale green, petiolate, decussate (Wickepin).

Series 14.—Semi-rigid, short and broad, soon alternate

 
E. nutans.   E. redunca.  

General Appearance.—Rigid, leaves distant, lanceolate, glaucous to yellowishgreen, not exceeding 2½ by 1 cm. at 5 in. (13 cm.).

(1) Hypocotyl.

E. nutans Medium to long, filiform, pink.

E. redunca

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. nutans, shaded red, puny.

E. redunca, terete, wiry, red (Kalgan Plains).

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. nutans. V-shaped, lobes obtuse, longer than the filiform petiole, not tapering, green.

E. redunca, V-shaped, diverging, about as long as the petiole, tapering, glaucous.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. nutans, green.

E. redunca, red (Kalgan Plains, 4); green (Kalgan Plains, B. 19).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. nutans, shaded red.

E. redunca, red (Kalgan Plains, 4); terete, shaded pink (Kalgan Plains, B. 19).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. nutans, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, green.

E. redunca, shortly petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glaucous.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. nutans, one, oblong-lanceolate, petiolate, glabrous, light green.

E. redunca, one, oblong-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, glaucous.




  ― 343 ―

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. nutans, ovate-lanceolate, rather obtuse, petiole long, venation faint, 2 by 1·5 cm. (not fully advanced).

E. redunca, not seen.

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. nutans.

1st leaves ovate-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acute, no warty glands present.

E. redunca.

1st leaves linear, glaucous green. 1st alternate leaves ovate, glaucous (Kalgan Plains, 4).

1st leaves small lanceolate, pale opaque green, alike on both sides (Kalgan Plains, B. 19).

Series 15.—Stellate, ovate to orbicular, crenulate

   
E. macrandra.   E. Lehmanni.  
E. cornuta.   E. platypus.  

General Appearance.—Dark green, ovate to orbicular deltoid, crenulate, slightly stellate to densely stellate. The last three show affinity at this stage to the stellate, crenulate species of the Series Corymbosæ. The last two are densely stellate.

(1a) Hypocotyl.

E. macrandra, long, filiform, reddish.

E. cornuta, long, filiform, pink.

E. Lehmanni, long, robust, pink.

E. platypus, long, filiform, pink.

(1a) Hypocotyl (Miss Flockton).

E. macranda, smooth, red (Galgalup); long, red, tapering into the root (York).

E. cornuta, red, slightly angular, thickening to the root (King George's Sound); terete, long and weak, red (A. Murphy); red, puny (W.A., 217).

E. Lehmanni, red, terete (Cape Riche); runs abruptly into the root, angular, crimson shading to green as it approaches the cotyledons (S. W. Australia); terete, smooth, shaded red (cultivated, Ballarat); red (cultivated, Lovegrove); short, red, smooth (cultivated, Sydney, A. 35); terete, red (A. 64, also X).

E. platypus, red, puny (Hopetoun); red (W.A.).




  ― 344 ―

(2) Cotyledons (Petiole, taper).

E. macrandra, V-shaped, shorter than the filiform petiole.

E. cornuta, narrow-oblong reniform to almost triangular, the lobes obtuse or acute, diverging.

E. Lehmanni, somewhat triangular, the lobes broad, rounded at the top each with a central nerve, cleft to about the middle, shorter than the petiole, tapering into the petiole.

E. platypus, V-shaped, longer than the petiole, slightly tapering.

(2a) Cotyledons (Undersurface, Miss Flockton).

E. macrandra, purple tint (Galgalup).

E. cornuta, red or green (King George's Sound); green (A. Murphy, also Yate, 217).

E. Lehmanni, slightly tinged with purple (Cape Riche); green, with faint purple tint on the venation (S. W. Australia); green (cultivated, Ballarat, also Lovegrove, Manly and Clarence Siding); usually green, but sometimes red (cultivated, Manly); a deep purple red (puce) (cultivated, Mount Lindsay).

(3) Stem (Miss Flockton).

E. macrandra, tinted red, some glands on the upper part (Galgalup); red, with warty glands (York).

E. cornuta, terete, smooth, a few glands not prominent, red a little way up (King George's Sound); terete, glands, red (W.A., Murphy); tinted red (W.A., 217).

E. Lehmanni, reddish, covered with stellate hairs (Cape Riche); green, shaded red, stellate hairs (cultivated, Ballarat); green, covered with stellate hairs (cultivated, Lovegrove); stellate glands, also on the very short epicotyl and young growth (cultivated, Manly); terete, thickly covered with stellate glands (cultivated, Clarence Siding); terete, with prominent warty glands (cultivated, Mount Warning); crimson a little way up (cultivated, National Park).

E. platypus, undersurface pale green and having warty glands (Hopetoun); shaded pink, having warty glands above the cotyledons (W.A.).

(4) 1st Pair of Leaves (Petiole, shape, vestiture).

E. macrandra, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, green.

E. cornuta, petiolate, petiole long, ovate, glabrous, green.

E. Lehmanni, petiolate, oblong, stellate, green.

E. platypus, petiolate, narrow-lanceolate to ovate, stellate, green.

(5) Subsequent Pairs of Leaves (Number, shape, vestiture).

E. macrandra, none.

E. cornuta, two, oblong to broad ovate, glabrous.

E. Lehmanni, one, ovate, stellate.

E. platypus, two, ovate, stellate.




  ― 345 ―

(6) Intermediate Leaves.

E. macrandra, ovate, undulate, and somewhat crenulate, veins somewhat prominent, 5 cm. long, 3 cm. broad, dark green, tips yellowish-green.

E. cornuta, ovate to orbicular, emarginate or apiculate, undulate, veins prominent, petiole long; at 18 in. (45 cm.), 5·5 cm. long, 5 cm. broad, light green.

E. Lehmanni, ovate-lanceolate to orbicular, with a minute mucro; at 7½ in. (19 cm.), 4 cm. long, 4·5 cm. broad ; at 13 in. (33 cm.), 4·5 cm. long, 3 cm. broad, dark green, shaded glaucous; at 22 in. (55 cm.), obliquely lanceolate, obtuse except for a minute mucro, triplinerved, dark green, 6 cm. long, 5 cm. broad.

E. platypus, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, slightly undulate, paler on the under-surface, subglaucous above, venation distinct (immature).

(6a) (Miss Flockton).

E. macrandra.

1st leaves ovate and ovate undulate, undersurface green. 1st alternate leaves ovate-undulate, inclined to be trinerved, midrib red (Galgalup).

1st leaves lanceolate, generally alternate after the first pair. 1st alternate leaves lanceolate and sometimes ovate (York)

E. cornuta.

1st leaves ovate, glabrous, undersurface pale green. 1st alternate leaves cordate or broadly ovate, undersurface paler green, entirely glabrous (King George's Sound).

1st leaves narrow, small, petiolate (A. Murphy).

1st leaves, first pair linear, afterwards ovate or ovate-lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-orbicular; a few prominent oil glands. Blue green, hardly glaucous, hardly paler on the undersurface. A few prominent oil dots, hardly tubercles. Red stems (W.A., 217).

E. Lehmanni.

1st leaves undersurface slightly tinged with purple. Leaves covered in stellate glands on undersurface, midrib and at intervals along the margin (Cape Riche).

1st leaves ovate obtuse, with transparent stellate, glandular hairs. 1st laternate leaves ovate, covered with stellate hairs, alternate after the first or second pairs. The leaves are not obcordate as in some others (S. W. Australia).

1st leaves ovate, with stellate hairs, undersurface pale green (cultivated, Ballarat).

1st leaves obcordate with scattered stellated hairs. 1st alternate leaves orbicular retuse, scattered stellate hairs (cultivated, Lovegrove).

1st leaves ovate, with scattered glands on both sides. 1st alternate leaves broadly ovate, almost orbicular, with stellate glands on both sides (cultivated, Manly).




  ― 346 ―

1st leaves ovate, sometimes emarginate, covered on both sides with stellate glands (cultivated, Clarence Siding).

1st alternate leaves broad, almost orbicular and ovate, two rather prominent outer nerves (cultivated, Mount Warning).

1st leaves ovate and rough with warty glands. 1st alternate leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate, warty glands. The protuberant glands are still present for six leaves up the stem (cultivated, National Park).

E. platypus.

1st leaves ovate, some almost orbicular. 1st alternate leaves the same, larger, and all covered with warty glands (Hopetoun).

1st leaves, first pair linear or lanceolate. 1st alternate leaves ovate-acute. This plant has no warty glands on the leaves (W.A.).

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