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Explanation of Coloured Plates

Coloured Plate 9

Coloured plate 9: E. ODORATA Behr. and Schlecht., Figs. 88-89. E. POPULIFOLIA Hook., Figs. 90-91. E. ALBENS Miq., Figs. 92-95. E. SIDEROPHLOIA Benth., Figs, 96-97. E. LEUCOXYLON F.v.M., Figs. 98-99. E. PANICULATA Sm., Figs. 100-101.



E. odorata Behr and Schlecht.

  • 88. (Ref. No. B 47.) Monarto, South Australia (Dr. J. B. Cleland, July, 1909). A seedling 3½ inches high with the small cotyledons still attached and with four pairs of opposite, petiolate, lanceolate leaves and three pairs of alternate leaves above them. Sown 29th December, 1914; drawn 15th March, 1915.
  • 89. Upper portion of No. 88, at 4 inches high, showing the somewhat obtuse lanceolate, venulose leaves, Drawn 15th May, 1915.

E. populifolia Hook f.

  • 90. (Ref. No. D 3.) Pilliga Bore (J. L. Boorman). A seedling 3 inches high, showing the elongated hypocotyl and three pairs of linear-lanceolate, opposite leaves, also some broad alternate leaves above them. Sown 25th October, 1915; drawn 17th December, 1916.
  • 91. (Ref. No. C.) Coolabah (J. L. Boorman, January, 1902). Showing the upper portion of a seedling 8 inches high with six lanceolate, venulose leaves. Its affinity to No. 88, E. odorata, is apparent Sown 6th June, 1905; drawn 30th January, 1906.

E. albens Miq.

  • 92. (Ref. No. 4). Coonabarabran (J. L. Boorman, October, 1916). A very young seedling showing the filiform hypocotyl, the bilobed cotyledons, and the first pair of leaves. Sown 26th November, 1917; drawn 4th January, 1918.
  • 93. The same plant a little more advanced. Drawn 13th March, 1918.
  • 94. Another plant of the same sowing as No. 92, about 2 inches high, with the cotyledons still attached and with three pairs of opposite leaves, the upper pair being very broad and veiny. Drawn 13th March, 1918.
  • 95. (Ref. No. C 30.) Mumbil (J. L. Boorman, 1909). Upper portion of a 5-inch seedling, showing the slightly flexuose stem and the broad lanceolate, glaucous leaves. Sown 5th January, 1915; drawn 14th April, 1915.

E. siderophloia Benth.

  • 96. (Ref. No. 0011.) Rookwood (J. L. Boorman, 6th December, 1917). A very young seedling 1½ inches high, showing the long, slender hypocotyl, the rather large bilobed cotyledons and two pairs of rather broad-lanceolate leaves. Sown 11th December, 1917; drawn 23rd January, 1918.
  • 97. The same plant at 5 inches, showing considerable variation in the opposite leaves. Drawn 19th June, 1918.

E. leucoxylon F.v.M.

  • 98. Mount Lofty, South Australia (Max Koch, 1902). A seedling 3 inches high showing the long hypocotyl, the small cotyledons, and three pairs of opposite, lanceolate, glaucous leaves. The internodes are also slightly glandular. Sown 5th February, 1904; drawn 29th March, 1904.
  • 99. A pair of opposite leaves from the same plant four months later, showing the sessile character and the glaucousness. Drawn 5th July, 1905.



  ― 350 ―

E. paniculata Sm.

  • 100a. (Ref. No. 4070). North Head, Ulladulla, N.S.W. (R. H. Cambage, December, 1911). A very young seedling, showing the slender hypocotyl, the cotyledons, and three pairs of opposite leaves. Sown 15th December, 1917; drawn 15th January, 1918.
  • 100. The same plant nearly 3 inches high, showing the cotyledons and five pairs of opposite leaves, the three lowest pair being considerably smaller than the upper pairs. Drawn 19th March, 1918.
  • 101. Showing two alternate leaves of the same plant at 24 inches high. They are intermediate leaves and are broader than the typical adult leaves. Drawn 28th April, 1920.

Plate 10

Coloured plate 10: E. STUARTIANA F.v.M., Figs. 102-103. E. CINEREA F.v.M., Figs. 104-106. E. PULVERULENTA Sims, Figs. 107-109. E. RUBIDA Deane and Maiden, Figs. 110-111. E. ELÆOPHORA F.v.M., Figs. 112-114. E. GUNNII Hook., Figs. 115-117.



E. Stuartiana F.v.M.

  • 102. (Ref. No. C 57). Mudgee district, N.S.W. (A. Murphy, 1915). A seedling 4 inches high, showing the slender hypocotyl, the rather large, bilobedcotyledons, and seven pairs of opposite leaves. The three lower pairs are much narrower than the three upper pairs. Sown 13th October, 1915; drawn 12th January, 1916.
  • 103. (Same particulars as above). The upper portion of 102 which has reached the alternate leaved stage. It will be noted that the leaves are no longer petiolate, but are closely sessile and are all broadly ovate-cordate, while the stem is rough with minute oil-dots. Drawn January, 1917.

E. cinerea F.v.M.

  • 104a. (Ref. No. X 2). Wingello, N.S.W. (A. Murphy, 15th January, 1918). Two very young seedlings showing the thread-like hypocotyl and the bilobed cotyledons. Sown 22nd January, 1918; drawn 8th February, 1918.
  • 104. Represents the larger of the above seedlings, which has now grown to a height of 3 inches, with the cotyledons still attached, and showing one pair of narrow leaves and three pairs of broad leaves. Drawn 22nd March, 1918.
  • 105. A pair of opposite, sessile leaves of 104 at 9½ inches from the ground, the total height being 21 inches. Drawn 2nd December, 1918.
  • 106. A pair of opposite leaves of the same plant at 24 inches high. It will be seen that they are slightly smaller than those of No. 105. Drawn 7th May, 1919.

E. pulverulenta Sims.

  • 107, 107a. Cox River, N.S.W. (J. H. Maiden and R. H. Cambage, October, 1900). Young seedlings showing the long hypocotyl and the bilobed cotyledons. Sown 6th June, 1905; drawn 26th June, 1905.
  • 108. Same particulars as above. A seedling 2½ inches high showing the cotyledons and four pairs of opposite, very shortly petiolate, leaves. Drawn 15th September, 1905.
  • 109. Upper portion of No. 108, showing eight pairs of sessile, opposite leaves and the glaucous character. Drawn 3rd March, 1906.



  ― 351 ―

E. rubida Deane and Maiden.

  • 110. (Ref. No. X 87.) Hargraves, N.S.W. (A. Murphy, 15th January, 1918). A seedling 1½ inches high, showing the very small cotyledons and two pairs of narrow, petiolate leaves. Sown 22nd January, 1918; drawn 15th March, 1918.
  • 111. Upper portion of No. 110 at 7 inches high, showing three pairs of broad, sessile leaves. Drawn 15th May, 1918.

At 19 inches high the same plant was unchanged as regards the shape of the leaves, but the colour was more glaucous. When last seen at 27 inches high it was still unchanged, and the leaves were opposite.

E. elaeophora F.v.M.

  • 112. (Ref. No. 133.) Mt. Esk, Bowan Park, N.S.W. (W. F. Blakely, September, 1906). A seedling showing the thread-like hypocotyl, the bilobed cotyledons, and two pairs of very narrow opposite leaves. Sown 12th December, 1917; drawn 13th February, 1918.
  • 112a. A seedling from the same sowing as No. 112 which has lost its cotyledons, and which shows the narrow first pair of leaves and two broader pairs of leaves above them.
  • 113. Same particulars as No. 112. Upper portion of No. 112 at 18 inches high, showing the opposite, sessile nature of the leaves and the long internodes. Drawn 3rd December, 1918.
  • 114. (Ref. No. X 26.) Mandurang, near Bendigo, Victoria (J. Blackburn, 18th July, 1908). A seedling 5 inches high, showing the very narrow first and second pairs of leaves and five rather broad subsequent pairs. In every respect it agrees with 112 throughout the various stages of development. Sown 12th December, 1917; drawn 26th March, 1918.

E. Gunnii Hook.

  • 115. (Ref. No. X 58.) Near Lake St. Clair, Tasmania (L. Rodway, December, 1917). A seedling showing the long hypocotyl, the small bilobed cotyledons and the first four pairs of leaves. Sown 17th January, 1918; drawn 22nd March, 1918.
  • 116. Same particulars as 115. Upper portion of No. 115, showing the sessile, lanceolate, opposite leaves. Drawn 22nd May, 1918.
  • 117. Upper portion of No. 116 at 10 inches high, showing the stem-clasping nature of the leaves. Drawn 21st October, 1918.

Plate 11

Coloured plate 11: E. CNEORIFOLIA DC., Figs. 118-119. E. SALMONOPHLOIA F.v.M., Figs. 120-121. E. SALUBRIS F.v.M., Figs. 122-123. E. TRANSCONTINENTALIS Maiden, Figs. 124-126. E. GRACILIS F.v.M., Figs. 127-129. E. OLEOSA F.v.M., Figs. 130-132.



E. cneorifolia DC.

  • 118. (Ref. No. C 2.) Kingscote, Kangaroo Island, South Australia (J.H.M., January, 1907). Seedling with one pair of cotyledon leaves and four pairs of opposite, narrow, first leaves. Sown 4th January, 1915; drawn 8th January, 1915.
  • 119. Same particulars as No. 118. Seedling, not showing ground line, drawn 10th April, 1915. Ground line not shown, nor the first pair of leaves as in No. 118. The second pair are still opposite and enlarged; the remainder of the leaves are also enlarged and alternate.



  ― 352 ―

E. salmonophloia F.v.M.

  • 120. (Ref. No. B 65.) 70 miles north of Kurrawang, Western Australia (W. V. Fitzgerald). Seedling with pair of cotyledon leaves and six pairs of opposite first leaves. The first two pairs are linear, the second pair being much elongated; the other pairs are much shorter and lanceolate.
  • 121. Same particulars as No. 120. Upper portion of the same seedling, drawn 16th September, 1915. The lowest and highest pair of leaves depicted are strictly opposite; six leaves intermediate between these are alternate, or perhaps in some cases an opposite leaf may have fallen off. Drawn 16th September, 1915.

The topmost portion of this seedling was drawn 1st May, 1919, when it had attained the height of 3 feet 2 inches. All the leaves had fallen off except four alternate ones at the top. They are 8 or 9 cm. long, 1·5 cm. broad, with petioles of 1 cm.

E. salubris F.v.M.

  • 122. (Ref. No. X 114.) Western Australia, without definite locality (Andrew Murphy, 15th January, 1918). Seedling with one pair of cotyledon leaves and two pairs of opposite first leaves. The lower pair are very narrow, and the second pair narrow-lanceolate. Sown 22nd January, 1918; drawn 27th March, 1918.
  • 123. Same particulars as No. 122. Seedling with cotyledon leaves dropped off, and five pairs of leaves, the lowest four opposite and the top pair beginning to be alternate. The two lowest pairs retarded in growth, the three topmost in vigorous growth, and all petiolate and lanceolate. Drawn 20th June, 1918.

E. transcontinentalis Maiden.

  • 124. (Ref. No. A 97.) Coolabah, Western New South Wales (J. L. Boorman, 1901). Seedling, with pair of cotyledon leaves and four pairs of opposite leaves; the two lower pairs almost linear, the two upper pairs shorter and broader. Sown 23rd November, 1914; drawn 25th February, 1915.
  • 125. Same particulars as No. 124. Seedling without cotyledon leaves, hypocotyl, etc. Seven pairs of first leaves, all opposite and sessile; the lowest pair very narrow, almost linear, the rest of the leaves becoming broader as the top of the seedling is reached, and becoming broader at the base so as to be almost stem-clasping. They are almost decurrent.
  • 126. Same particulars as No. 124. Upper portion of seedling 9 inches in height when drawn on 18th May, 1915. The leaves are beginning to be alternate and more erect.

E. gracilis F.v.M.

  • 127. (Ref. No. B 100.) Southern Cross, Western Australia (J.H.M., October, 1909). One pair of cotyledon leaves. Sown 4th January, 1915; drawn 16th March, 1915.
  • 128. Same particulars as No. 127. Seedling with cotyledon leaves and dense growth of leaves (and some axillary branches), all linear and opposite.
  • 129. Same particulars as Nos. 127 and 128. Seedling, upper part, showing alternate, subsessile, short lanceolate leaves. Drawn 7th April, 1916.



  ― 353 ―

E. oleosa F.v.M.

  • 130. (Ref. No. X 12.) Minnipa, Eyre's Peninsula, South Australia (W. J. Spafford, August, 1916). Seedling with one pair of cotyledon leaves and a large number of linear leaves (becoming broader towards the top; nearly all opposite or in whorls of three). Some of the apparently alternate leaves may probably be attributed to leaves having fallen off.
  • 131. Same particulars as No. 130. Top of a seedling 8 inches high. Leaves all alternated, channelled, rather narrow, tending to become appressed to the stem. Drawn 28th August, 1918.
  • 132. Same particulars as No. 130. Top of seedling 18 inches high. Leaves sub-sessile, acuminate, alternate, ovate-lanceolate, somewhat appressed to the stem. Drawn 28th February, 1919.

Plate 12

Coloured plate 12: E. FLOCKTONIÆ Maiden, Figs. 133-135. E. LEPTOPHHYLLA F.v.M., Figs. 136-139. E. CALYCOGONA Turcz., Figs. 140, 142-145.



E. Flocktoniae Maiden.

  • 133. (Ref. No. C 24.) Desmond, Western Australia (a railway station 26 miles north of Hopetoun on the south coast) (J.H.M., October, 1909). Seedling with two cotyledon leaves and a number of almost linear leaves; all shown not opposite except the two top pairs, but this not-opposite appearance is apparently owing to some leaves having fallen off. (I have, however, a drawing in which this not-opposite appearance is exhibited in an even younger seedling.) Further sowings might be made. Sown 18th September, 1913; drawn early in January, 1914.
  • 134. Same particulars as No. 133. Top of a seedling 18 cm. high. What is drawn shows a tendency to axillary branches; but the lower portion (not drawn) shows a much greater tendency to branch, a pair of branches being in the axils of the first pair of first leaves, and occurring in each of the seven pairs of first leaves (not drawn). One of the branches was 5 cm. long. Drawn 19th January, 1914.
  • 135. Same particulars as No. 133. Two portions of a seedling 1 foot 5 inches high, drawn 12th November, 1914. This seedling shows that the decurrence of the leaves is exhibited early in the life of the plant. (For further particulars and discussion see Part XXXIX, p. 281.) The rachis is quadrangular, as conspicuously shown in E. globulus and other species. It has a rather thick leaf, with the intramarginal vein near to the edge. Both sides are similar in colour.

I have a series of drawings of what I believe to be E. Flocktoniæ which are more glaucous than those already referred to. The leaves are even more decurrent, and in every essential character the seedlings resemble Nos. 133–5. The seeds were received from the Woods and Forests Department of Western Australia, without precise locality, in 1903, labelled E. salmonophloia by mistake, and sown 6th June, 1905. The drawings commenced on 11th July, 1905. It is impossible to say how a slip of this kind occurred, but the result brought to light a remarkable seedling.

E. leptophylla F.v.M.

  • 136. (Ref. No. 102 H.H. 143.) West side of Ballandry, near Griffith, N.S.W. (W. D. Campbell). Seedling with one pair of cotyledon leaves and two pairs of opposite linear first leaves. Sown 20th October, 1919; drawn 16th December, 1919.

Seedling unchanged 23rd March, 1920.

  • 137. Same particulars as No. 136. Seedling, 5½ inches high, ground line not shown, with nine pairs of opposite, narrow-lanceolate, sub-sessile leaves. Drawn 14th April, 1920.

On 1st November, 1920, was still 10½ inches high, branching, but otherwise unchanged.




  ― 354 ―
  • 138. Same particulars as No. 136. Seedling, 8½ inches high; top of seedling drawn 11th October, 1920. Five pairs of opposite, sub-sessile, narrow oblong-lanceolate leaves. Drawn 11th October, 1920.

On 1st November, 1920, this seedling was 10½ inches high, and some of the leaves oblong-ovate.

On 31st January, 1921, this seedling was 15 inches high, and unchanged except some branching.

On 24th May, 1921, this seedling was 23½ inches high, leaves alternate, but otherwise practically unchanged.

  • 139. Same particulars as No. 136. Top of seedling, which was 10½ inches high, drawn 11th October, 1920. A second seedling of the same sowing. Four pairs of leaves nearly opposite, sub-sessile, elongated narrow-lanceolate, exhibiting a tendency to branching in the axils.

On 31st January, 1921, seedling was 13½ inches high, branching on the top.

On 8th March, 1921, was 16 inches high, the leaves glaucous and almost opposite.

On 24th May, 1921, the seedling was 17 inches high, the leaves alternate, but otherwise unchanged.

E. calycogona Turcz.

  • 140. (Ref. No. 8.) Eyre's Peninsula, South Australia. where it is locally known as “Kong Mallee.” (W. J. Spafford). Seedling, showing one pair of cotyledon leaves and five pairs of first leaves opposite, shortly petiolate and oblong-lanceolate (small), not channelled. Sown 26th March 1918; drawn 5th July, 1918.
  • The top 6½ inches of the same seedling drawn on the 7th April, 1919, and provisionally numbered 141, but wa scrowded out. Height 10 inches. All the leaves were shortly petiolate, alternate, ovate-lanceolate, and showed a tendency to branch.
  • 142. (Ref. No. X 3). Yeelanna and Butler, Eyre's Peninsula, South Australia (W. J. Spafford, June, 1917). Seedling, with cotyledon leaves and four pairs of young, opposite, shortly petiolate, lanceolate leaves. Sown 13th December, 1917; drawn 21st March, 1918.
  • 143. Same particulars as No. 142. Seedling with three cotyledon leaves (rare), succeeded by five whorls of triphyllous leaves (rarer), still young. Drawn 22nd March, 1918.

Another seedling of the same batch, drawn the same date, had lost its cotyledon leaves, but exhibited no trace of triphylly in the first leaves.

  • 144. Same particulars as No. 142. Seedling 18 cm. high, cotyledon leaves dropped. The first two pairs of seedling leaves narrow, the third pair broader, tending towards lanceolate and just becoming non-opposite. All the other leaves ovate-lanceolate and alternate. All the leaves, whatever the shape, with short petioles. Drawn 16th May, 1918.
  • 145. Same particulars as No. 142. Seedling 2 feet 3½ inches high, the top 4 inches, say 1 dm., drawn. The leaves all alternate, distinctly petiolate and mostly ovate-lanceolate in shape. Drawn 27th February, 1919.

On 23rd December, 1919, the leaves were unchanged, but the seedling had attained a heigth of 2 feet 8 inches. The leaves of the two stages referred to under No. 145 display a very strong similarity to those of the younger seedling, 141, which has been already referred to as crowded out.

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