— This is sometimes a remarkably gnarled, twisted tree.

The timber is pale-coloured, not white, but pale yellow, seasoning to a pale brown. It is remarkably interlocked, tough, hard, heavy and durable. In the south I have rarely heard the timber spoken of other shall in terms of unqualified praise. In the north I have heard a few disparaging remarks, and two well-known experts say :

Not liked as posts in Liverpool Plains and Mudgee district. People will not accept it for posts for wire fences or for ally other purposes if they can help it. (Jesse Gregson alnd J. D. Cox.)

Another northern opinion says:—

As a useful timber it nearly lasts in the ground twice as long, as Box, and should be very valuable for mining purposes, as nearly every tree about would make lengths that would bc long enough for this purpose. I wish to have it saved from the ring-barker. (James Brogan, Attunga.)

It is said to be durable both in water and under the ground. The opinion of some Candelo (South Coast) people differs, however, on this point. A correspondent says: "It is here considered the best timber all round, but does not, as far as I can learn, last long in the ground." — There are many instances of such contradictory statements in regard to our native timbers, showing how much room there is for independent inquiry.

In many parts of the country it is much esteemed for posts, being looked upon as almost imperishable in the ground. It is excellent for culverts. It is often pipy, particularly in the dry west, but it is without doubt one of the most valuable trees the State produces.

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It is often found with White or Grey Box (hemiphloia), in which case it is preferred to the latter, which is so hard and so difficult to split or square. This is the practical objection workmen have to it.