— During periods of drought sheep become exceedingly fond of the leaves of this tree, which they greedily devour., as well as the twigs up to the size of a goose-quill, and hence the tree is in danger of extermination, as it has not the recuperative power of some trees. This tree in particular should only be pollarded. Nature's method of protecting it from browsing animals has already been alluded to.

Mr. R. W. Peacock says:—note

The "Leopard Tree" is very much prized for its fodder value, both cattle and sheep being very fond of it. It is one of the few which cattle thrive upon, and I have known milking cows fed almost solely upon it to give a fair quantity of milk. It is very easily recognised owing to its spotted appearance, which is due to the outer bark falling off in patches. It is fast becoming scarce owing to the partiality of stock for it. During its young stage the tree throws out a lot of angular lateral branches, which protect it in some measure.

I have heard some people speak disparagingly of this tree, but upon extensive inquiries I find that their prejudices have not been substantiated, it being held in high esteem by those who feed very extensively upon it. It does not supply the quantity of foliage that many of the others do, although attaining the height of about 40 feet.

  ― 213 ―

Leopard Tree (Flindersia Maculosa: First Stage of Growth; Second Stage; Mature Tree

  ― 214 ―

Mr. F. B. Guthrie has given in the Agricultural Gazette the following analysis of leaves:—

Water   11.70 
Ash   3.42 
Fibre   11.43 
Ether extract (oil, etc.)  3.92 
Albumenoids   9.31 
Carbo-hydrates   30.22 
Nutrient value   48 l/4 
Albuminoid ratio   1:4 1/4 
Tannin (Oak bark)   2.9 

The young leaves are very aromatic, and the oil-dots may be plainly seen, showing the affinity to Rutacæ as already pointed out by Engler.