Supplementary Material Added at the End of Volume 2

No. 6. Part II.

Alphitonia excelsa, Reissek.


(Natural Order RHAMNACEÆ.)

Vernacular Names. — See vol. i, p. 39.

Known as "White leaf" at Lismore.

Leaves, &c. — The following letter shows the tree to be a fodder plant: -

I am sending you a packet containing a sprig of leaves and fruit of a tree known locally as "White leaf". Will you kindly tell me what its correct name is? It grows 40 to 50 feet high, and sometimes more; but most that I have seen have been about 20 to 30 feet. The wood is very tough, and used for hammer handles, chisel handles, &, but what makes me ask about it more particularly is, during the late drought, it was found that horses and cattle ate every leaf within reach, and, at Bungawalbin, where there is a regular scrub of it, during the. drought the country was quite clear just as high as animals could reach. Its, qualities in this respect was not suspected locally, before this. It grows on the very poorest sandy country, and seems to have some value as a fodder plant — (A. W. Deane, L.S. Lismore, 30th August, 1904.)

Medicinal properties would appear to be attributed to them by the blacks. Leaves laid on the eyes when sore. Pennefather and Batavia Rivers. Called "an-na." — (North Queensland Ethnography, Bulletin No. 5, Dr. Roth.)

Bark. — See vol. i, p. 39.

The Technological Museum, 23rd May, 1905.

Dear Mr. Maiden, Some time ago a letter from Mr. J. Byrnes, of Macksville, Nambucca River, was received through you, asking for. particulars as to the tanning qualities of a certain bark. The sample was that of Alphitonia excelsa, and an analysis shows it to be a fair sample, containing, about, half the amount of tannin usually occurring in the best wattle barks. The tannin is good, quick in its action, and might be used for local tanning.

On the anhydrous bark the following results were obtained:-

Total extract 23.1 per cent. Non-tannin 5.1 per cent. Tannin 18.0 per cent. absorbed by hide powder.

If these results are calculated in ordinary air-dried bark containing 13 per cent. of moisture, the statement would be:-

Total extract...... 20.1 per cent. Non-tannin ... ... 4.4 per cent. Tannin ....... ...15.7 per cent. absorbed by hide powder.

Yours, &c.,

R. T. BAKER, Curator.

Habitat. — See vol. i, p. 40.

Grows on igneous formation at Milton, the most southerly locality known to me. — (R. H. Cambage.) Occurs at Warialda." — (W. Macdonald, C.P. Inspector.) Tree about 20 feet in length. Wood is of a light colour, and soft. Generally found at the edge of the scrubs. — (Forest Guard W. Dunn, Acacia Creek, Macpherson Range.)

The following note is taken from the Catal. Queensland Forestry Museum, 1904 :-

Fairly plentiful in many parts of Southern Queensland; usually on sandy ridges. A rather small tree. Bark of a pale- grey colour, very hard, and rugged on old trees; but much less so on the younger ones. Often found in thick patches or. scrubs; in such cases they do not grow to a large size, and the tips of the branches are much appreciated by stock. Leaves green on upper surface, and white underneath. Outer wood pale-pink colour, and the inner wood pink-brown; very tough, curly grain. Used for tool handles and bullock-yokes; otherwise not much used. It might be found suitable for turnery and cabinet work.