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Habitat.

— In New South Wales it occurs in the bush between Parramatta and Liverpool, in paddocks at South Creek, and in the neighbourhood of Richmond, and again beyond the Blue Mountains, near Mudgee and Wellington, and elsewhere, being widely diffused over the auriferous districts of the western and south-western interior. It is rare in the southern part of the State, becoming more plentiful on the ranges near Moruya; getting more plentiful further north. It is usually found on poor, sterile, ranges, and is usually unaccompanied (except in the Dubbo district) by any other species of ironbark.

The following more detailed notes are by Mr. R.H. Cambage:—

It is rarely found growing at an altitude exceeding 2,000 feet above sea-level. In going west it is first met with on the western line beyond Kerr's Creek, and on the Orange to Forbes line beyond Molong, so that it covers much the same country as Eucalyptus tereticornis, var. dealbata, and also prefers ridges. In the west this species bears a profusion of blossoms in the months of April and May. It is fairly plentiful between the Macquarie and Murrumbidgee Rivers, occurring in patches, and shows a decided preference for sedimentary formations. — (Proc. Linn. Soc., N.S.W., 1900, 715.)

This ironbark is commonest in the Central Division of New South Wales and its "curving boundary" to the west (as far as I know it) is a line roughly drawn through Germanton (near the Murray), Wagga Wagga, Hillston, Nymagee, Cobar, Dubbo, Narrabri, Warialda, Inverell, and thence to the Darling Downs, in Queensland. I shall be glad if correspondents will favour me with any localities west of this boundary.




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In spite of the reckless extravagance with which this timber has been cut, it is by no means scarce, especially in some localities, a few miles from the coast. While it is a very slow-growing tree, there is some consolation in the fact that it usually grows in barren, rocky country unsuitable for agriculture, and therefore wholesale clearings are not made as in the case with many other timbers. At the same time it does not readily reafforest.

VICTORIA.

Mr. A. W. Howitt says this is the only ironbark in Victoria although Eucalyptus leucoxylon (with its white bark and hard timber), is often known as White ironbark.

The chief localities for its growth are Bendigo, Maryborough, Dunolly, Moliagul, Inglewood, Bealiba, Heathcote, M'Ivor, and Chiltern, and several other places in small quantities; also in certain places in mining centres in Gippsland, Walhalla, and other places. — (G. Perrin.)

QUEENSLAND

Darling Downs and the mountainous country adjoining New England (New South Wales.)

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