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No. 171: Hakea eriantha,


A Hakea.


Botanical description.

— Genus, Hakea. (See Part XLVI, p.105.)

Botanical description.

— Species, H. eriantha, R. Brown, Supp. Primum, Proteaceas Novas, p. 29 (1830).

A tall shrub or small tree, the young shoots silky-pubescent, the adult foliage glabrous.

Leaves lanceolate, acuminate, acute or with a callous point, tapering into a short petiole, veinless except the scarcely prominent midrib, of a pale colour like those of H. saligna but rather thicker, 3 to 5 inches long.

Flowers in axillary clusters, not very numerous.

Pedicels silky-villous, 1 to 2 lines long.

Perianth silky, the tube about 3 lines long, reflexed under the almost acute limb.

Torus small.

Gland prominent, semi-annular.

Ovary shortly stipitate; style not very long, with a large lateral stigmatic disk.

Fruit about 1 inch long and under 1/2 inch broad, slightly incurved, rather smooth, with a short incurved or straight beak, very obscure when the fruit is quite ripe.

Seed-wing very shortly decurrent on the upper side only of the nucleus. (B.Fl. v, 502.)

Botanical Name.

— Hakea, already explained (see Part XLVI, p. 106); eriantha, from two Greek words, erion, wool, and anthos, a flower, in reference to the woolliness or silkiness of the flowers. See figures B, C, D on Plate 175.

Vernacular Names.

— I know of none.


— The leaves are linear-lanceolate in the type, and figure K, Plate 175, represents a leaf probably closely resembling it. It was collected by me in a locality near that of the type, which was collected by Fraser near the Hastings River. According to B.Fl. v, 503, there is a specimen collected by Fraser at Mount Lindsay. We have more than one Mount Lindsay in New South Wales, but Mr. R. H. Cambage has collected the species at Mount Lindsay (4,300 feet), Nandewar Mountains, and most of the leaves are rather broader than described for the type.

Most plants of the species have leaves about the size figured in the plate; in some parts of the State — e.g., on the Crawford River and Nundle — the leaves are shorter and broader.

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The fungus Uredo angiosperma, Thüm, occurs on living Hakea plants (Prof. Tassi, Op. cit., p. 70 of this work).


— Pale-coloured tough wood, used sometimes for tool-handles, but hardly large enough to be called timber.


— This species is commonly about 1 feet high, and I have never seen it more than 10 feet, with a trunk of 3 or 4 inches in diameter.


— This species is chiefly found in New South Wales, extending, so far as is recorded at present, a few miles into Victoria on the south (Snowy River, E. E. Pescott, through Charles Walter), and a few miles into Queensland on the north. It is a plant of cold, usually exposed, places.

It is represented in the National Herbarium, Sydney, from the following New South Wales localities:—

Mount Dromedary (Reader); Currawang Creek, Major's Creek, and Bell's Creek, Araluen (W. Baeuerlen); Monga or Sugarloaf Mountain, near Braidwood (J. L. Boorman).

North of Sydney we have it from:—

Crawford River (E. Cheel); Nundle (J. L. Boorman); Coolpi Mountains (J. L. Boorman); Apsley Falls (W. Forsyth); Tentertfield (E. Betche); Wallangarra, on both sides of the New South Wales-Queensland border (J. L. Boorman); White Swamp, viâ Acacia Creek, on both sides of the border (W. Dunn).

Then we have the Hastings River and Mount Lindsay localities referred to under "Leaves."


Plate 175: Hakea Eriantha, R.Br. Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.

  • A. Flowering twig.
  • B. Bud.
  • C. Unopened flower.
  • D. Opened flower, showing —
    • (a) Four-lobed corolla, the lamimæ with acute recurved points, with sessile anthers in the concave laminæ.
    • (b) Style.
    • (c) Stigma.
  • E. Portion of flower (corolla removed), showing —
    • (a) Hypogynous gland.
    • (b) Stipitate ovary.
    • (c) Style.
    • (d) Stigma.
  • F. Anther.
  • G. Lateral stigmatic disc.
  • H. Fruits.
  • I. Seed — N.B. — A to I from Major's Creek, near Braidwood.
  • K. Leaf of narrow form, from Upper Hastings River.

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