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No. 281:  Angophora next hit subvelutina


The Broad-leaved Apple-Tree.

(Family MYRTACEÆ.)

Botanical description.

Genus previous hit Angophora next hit, see Part XI, P. 16.

Botanical description.

Genus subvelutina, F.v.M., Fragm. i, 31 (1858).

A tree attaining a considerable size with a rough persistent bark, as in A. intermedia, of which F. Mueller now (1866) thinks it may be a variety.

Foliage and young shoots glaucous or minutely pubescent, with often a few bristles on the flowering branches and inflorescence.

Leaves sessile or nearly so, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, mostly acute, all (excepting rarely the upper ones) cordate at the base with rounded auricles as in A. cordifolia, 2, to 4 inches long, the veins numerous, but not usually so much so nor so fine as in A. intermedia.

Flowers small, in loose corymbs, precisely as in A. intermedia.

Fruiting calyces 3 to 4 lines diameter. (B.Fl. iii, 184.)

With reference to the above referred to opinion Mueller at one time held as to the position of A. subvelutina with respect to A. intermedia, they are undoubtedly distinct, and Mueller realised that later.

A. subvelutina, F.v.M., differs from A. intermedia, DC., mainly in the sessile cordate or auriculate leaves, and in the minute hoary vesture covering the young branches and the inflorescence. In A. intermedia the vesture is present on the suckers only, and consists of rather stiff setæ with a scattered or less dense hoary vesture. The leaves of A. subvelutina. display remarkable variation in size, shape, and length of petiole. This is dealt with in an interesting illustrated article by Mr. C. T. Musson in “The Hawkesbury Agricultural College Journal” for July, 1906.

Botanical Name.

previous hit Angophora next hit, already explained in Part XI; subvelutina, from two Latin words, indicating that the hairy covering of the leaves is almost velvet-like.

Vernacular Name.

— It is universally known as “Apple-tree,” and the prefix I have suggested will, I trust, be found useful.

Aboriginal Name.

— “Illarega” of the aborigines of the Clarence and Richmond Rivers, according to the late Mr. Charles Moore.


— A. velutina, F.v.M., Fragm. iv, 170. This simply refers to a mis-print. The specimens so erroneously named were Clarence River, C. Moore; Macleay River, H. Beckler.


— They are sometimes cut down to keep cattle alive in dry seasons, as the leaves are relished by them. They are sometimes pollarded for the same purpose. While the use of such leaves is widely practised, they must be looked upon as a famine food, their nutritive value being low, and their texture harsh.

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— Moderately heavy and tough, soft while green, very hard when dry; it is used for wheel-naves, bullock-yokes, handles, &c.; it turns well and contains a large proportion of potash (Hartmann). It is durable, and is used for posts and rails. It is of a uniform reddish colour, requires careful seasoning; dresses and polishes well. A slab of this wood from the Northern Rivers in the Technological Museum, which has been seasoned over twenty-five years (having been exhibited at the London International Exhibition of 1862), has a weight, when measured by me in 1886, which corresponds to 52 lb. 14 oz. per cubic foot.


— The, localities quoted by Bentham are:—

Queensland. — Brisbane, Burnett and Boyd Rivers (F. Mueller).

New South Wales. — Grose River (R. Brown); Parramatta (Caley, Woolls) (the inflorescence more bristly than usual); Clarence and Macleay Rivers (Beckler).

The following localities are represented in the National Herbarium of New South Wales:—

New South Wales. — Camden (A. H. S. Lucas); Cobbitty (J.H.M.); Penrith, Mulgoa. I know no readily accessible district with finer Apple-trees (J.H.M. and R. H. Cambage); between Kingswood and St. Mary's (W. F. Blakely and J. L. Boorman); Mount Victoria (J.H.M.); 25-30 feet, 1 foot diameter; generally grows near watercourses on tops of mountains in this district (A. Murphy, Woy Woy); Upper Hawkesbury River (J.H.M.); Stroud district (A. Rudder); Gloucester district (J.H.M.); Woodford Island, Clarence River (E. J. Hadley); Copmanhurst (Rev. R. M. H. Rupp; E. Cheel); Casino (Forestry Commission); Lismore (W. Baeuerlen); Tenterfield to Sandy Flat (J.H.M.); Acacia Creek (W. Dunn, No. 366).

Queensland. — Ennogera (C. T. White); Maryborough (W. H. Williams),. Kilcoy (J.Mcminn); Eight-mile Plains (J. L. Boorman); “Bulburri, 15th January, 1844” (L. Leichhardt).


Plate 272: Broad-Leaved Apple-Tree (previous hit Angophora next hit subvelutina F.v.M.) Lithograph by E.A. King.

  • A. Sucker leaves. Back of leaf velvety tomentose (small portion shown).
  • B. Flowering twig.
  • C. Bud (or unopened flower).
  • D. Petaloid calyx-lobe.
  • E. Vertical section of flower showing —
    • (a) Calyx.
    • (b) Petaloid calyx-lobes.
    • (c) Stamens.
    • (d) Style.
    • (e) Stigma, small and somewhat stellate.
    • (f) Ovary.
  • F. Anther, front and back view.
  • G. Fruiting twig.

(The flowering twig from near Mulgoa, the fruiting one from near St. Mary's, both in the Nepean River district, N.S.W.)


1. previous hit Angophora next hit subvelutina: Tree, opposite Public School, Mulgoa-(R. H. Cambage, photo.)

2. previous hit Angophora  subvelutina: Tree Clarence River, N.S.W. (Kerry & Co., photo.).

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